Imatges de pÓgina
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PERS.

AUXILIARY VERBS.

116. There are three auxiliary verbs of constant occurrence : as, "to be"; kri, "to do"; and bhu, "to become."

The first

belongs to the 2d conjugation, the second to the 8th, and the third to the 1st. The first two, however, are too irregular to be placed under any conjugation, and their inflection is therefore exhibited here. The third, bhu, will follow in its proper place at the head of the examples under the 1st conjugation.

(R. 92. d.

SING.

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Cf. the Latin sum, es, est, and the Greek éμμì, èooì, ¿otí.)
Present." I am.”

DUAL.

1st, f asmi, F: swah,

First Preterite.-"I was."

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* This tense is never found by itself, but is of great use in forming the 2d pret. of causals, &c., see p. 77. g. and r. 108.

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m

The other tenses are, bened. fari", farur:, fanuıq, &c., cond.

अकरिष्यं", अकरिष्यः, अकरिष्यत्, &c.

a) r. 30.

b) See p. 39. note.

conjugation, r. 94.

) p. 75. b.

i) r. 7. ) p. 79. f.

*) p. 79. c.

e) r. 21. ') The eighth conjugation rejects the hi of the imperative, in conformity with the fifth

h) See the scheme for the 2d pret. p. 73. 1) p. 82. f. m) p. 85. c. ") r. 105.

c) r. 7. 4) r. 10. .

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2d, 3d sing. अकृषि', अकृथाः, अकृत, bened. कृषीय', cond. अकरिष्ये'.

a) r. 7. b) r. 30. c) r. 10. †. d) r. 30. e) r. 98. and r. 7. scheme for the 2d pret. p. 73. ) p. 79. f.) p. 79. c. 1) p. 83. g. k) r. 105.

See the

j) p. 85. c.

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d

The other tenses are, 3d pret. i, ay, ay, &c.; bened. fqui, &c.; pass. part.

भूयासं, &c.; cond.

c) p. 79. a.

d) p. 83. i.

a) r. 88. a. b) r. 98. e) p. 85. b. f) This is given in anticipation of r. 125. as being the most useful of all the participles.

Root f smi. Infin. smetum, “to smile."

ATMANEPADA. Present Tense.-"I smile."

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