Imatges de pàgina

from that covenant mercy. But if faith in the Soni as such, viz. as the Father's equal, and as the supreme God; is not made necessary by the Christian covenant, to our justification and salvation, then our mistaking in this cannot be a bar to our justification and falvation : because whatsoever is nécessary to that end is declared to be so in that covenant; therefore whatsoever is not declared to be so in that covenant, the want of it can be no bar to our justification and salvation. Moreover, I say farther, that whosoever makes any thing necessary to the justification and salvation of a sinner, which the christian covenant hath not made fo, makes an alteration in, and an addition to that covenant, which Christ is the alone mediator of; and makeş the way to eternal life streighter than God and Christ have made it.

Now, that faith in the Son, as the Father's èqual, and as the Supreme God, is not made neces.sary to the justification of a sinner, will appear from the sacred seriptures, wherein the christian covenant is contained, and wherein faith in the Son is required, in order to our justification and salvation. Matt. xvi. 15----18. Whom say ye that I am ? And Simon Peter answered and said, thou art Christ the Son of the living God. Jus anfteered and seid unto him, blessed art thou, Simon Barjonà, files and blood bath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. And I say unto thee, ihat upon this rock will I build my church. John xi. 25, 27. Jesus said unto her (Martha) I am the resurrection and the life, he that bclietieth in me, thobe were dead, yet shall be live; end whosoever liveth, and beliezeih in ine, Mhall never die. Believest thou this? She sait? unto hini, pea, Lord, I believe that thou art the Christ the Son of God, which should come into the world. Chap. xx. 31. These things are written that jie might belicve, that


And Fe

Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might bave life thro bis name. Acts viii

. 373 Philip said, if thou believest with all thine beart, thou mayest (be baptized) he (the eunuch) anfwered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. And Philip baptized bim. Roni. X. 8---19. That is the word of faith, which we preach, that if thou fbalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jefus; and halt believe in thine beart, that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be Javed. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness, and with the mouth confeffion is made unto Salvation. Here we fee, the faith which the christian covenant makes necessary to our justification and salvation, is a believing thąt Person whom God approved by miracles, wonders, and signs, which God did by him, in the midst of the Jews, AEts ii. 22. to be Jesus Christ, the Son of the living God: and that faith in him as the Father's equal, and as the supreme God, is not made neceffary by the christian covenant to our juftifica. tiòn ảnd salvation : from which it will follow, that our mistaking in this, can be no bar to pur justification and salvation. And

Whereas our Lord faith, except ye believe that I am be, je sail die in your sins

. The meaning of these words I think is as follows. By the term [lin] I understand the doing any thing with the body or mind, which the light of reason or diviné revelation makes a crime, or the omitting to do, that which the light of reason or divine revefation makes a duty. By [dying in lin] I under{tand the dying under the guilt of fin, and under the sentence of that law which condemned it, without any share or fellow hip in the pardoning mercy of God in Christ Jesus.

By the term [believe] I understand the act of the mind, which alents to the traeth of any propo

sition revealed or teftified by another, upon rational grounds. But then, in the present case, it is not a bare affent or a fruitless faith, but it is such a faith as becomes a principle of action in men. Marki. 15. The time is fulfilled, the kingdom of God is at band ; repent ye and believe the gospel. Luke vi.46. Why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?

By the term.[ye] Iunderstand those Jews, or some of them at least, which our Lord was then speaking to; who, tho’ they were under the dispensation of Mofes, and were worshippers of the true God; yet lived wicked lives, and so justly exposed themfelves to the displeasure of their maker.

As to the term [I] in these words, except ye believe that [I am he] I understand it to signify that divine Person, which the four Evangelists have given us the history of, his birth, life, death, refurrection and ascension. That divine Person which was born in Bethlehem, that was brought up in Galilee, that was baptized of John in Fordan, that went up and down in Judea preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, and wrought a multitude of uncontroulable miracles, to confirm the truth of his mission. This divine Person being at Jerusalem, and in the temple, conferring with the Jews, at the time when these words of the text were spoken; he, viz. that hųman body which was visible to the fight and feeling of the Jews then, and there present; and that intellectual rational spirit which was united to, and animated that body, and which in uenced and moved that tongue, which talked with them; he, and he only was intended by the term [I.] I say this divine Person, and he only, and not that God and Father which was with him, and by whole authority and power he did, and taught these things. Joba v. 30. I can of mine own self do no, iking; as i hear I judge, and zy judgment is jiet, be


cause I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which fent me. Acts ii. 22. Ye men of Israel, bear these words, Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles, wonders, and signs, which God did by him, in the midst of you, as ye your felves also know. Verse 26, Tberefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye bave crucified, both Lord and Christ. Chap. x. 38. God anointed Jesus of Nazareth, with the Holy Ghost, and with power ; who went about doing good, and healing all tbat were oppressed of the devil, for God was with him. Heb. i. 1, 2. God, who at sundry times, and in divers manners, Spake unto the fathers by the prophets, bath in these last days spoken unto us by bis Son; whom he bath appointed beir of all things, by whom also be made the worlds. I say, not this God and Father, but that divine Person, which this God and Fa. ther commissioned, and sent forth, and enabled as aforesaid, was he, and he only, which is intended by the term [1.]

As to the term [he] except ye believe that I am [he] it is the meaning of this term which is a matter of controversy; and as the right underftanding of it was necessary to the Jews, to whom those words were spoken (because if they did not understand who he was, they could not give their afsent or believe who he was) so a true answer to the Jeres question, viz. Who art thou ? is neceffary to the present enquiry. The Jews were of various opinions, who this Person was. Herod said he was John the Baptist, risen from the dead. Some said that he was Elias. Others that he was Jeremias. Others that he was one of the old prophets risen again. Some said that he was a good 912an.

Others said that he had a devil. Some laid that he was a deceiver. Others said that he was the Chrif. Now, amidst the diversity of opinions,


concerning who this person was, I think we ought to enquire what he hath said concerning himself in this refpect; becaufe he expressly told the Jews, that what he had said of himself, was what he intended by the term [he] as at verse 25 And therefore what he hath said of himself, think ought in reason to determine this matter. And if we consult the history of our Lord's life, from which alone we can have satisfaction in the present case, we shall there find what he hath said of himfelf, whom he hath declared himself to be, and what he hath required that others should be lieve concerning him. Johniv. 25, 26. The woman faith unto him, I know that Mesías cometh which is called Cbrift ; when he is come he will neco us all things. Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto the am be. Chap. ix. 35-----38. Jesus heard that they bad cast bim out, and when he had found him be faid unto him, doeft thou believe on the Son of God? And he answered and said, who is be, Lord, that I might be lieve on him? And Jesus said unto him, thou hast both feen him, and it is he that talketh with thee. Chap.x. 36. Say ye of him, whom the Father bath fanctified, and sent into the world, thou blafphemest, because I said I am the Son of God? Matt. xxvi. 63,64. The high-priest faid unto him, I adjure thee, by the living God, that thcu tell us, whether thou be the Christ the Son of God. Jesus saith unto him, thou haft said. Or as St. Mark expresses it, Chap. xiv. 61, 62. The high-priest asked him, art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? and Jesus said, I am. Here we see plainly, what this divine Person hath said of himself, whom he hath declared himself to be, and what he hath required of others to believe concerning him, viz. that he is the Meffah or Christ, that he is the only begotten Son of God, that his God and Father hath san.tified, and sent him to be the Lord and Saviour of the world. This then appears evidently to be the meaning of


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