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1879. Sir A. A. Dorion, C. J., Monk, notarial discharge. Miller & Coleman Ramsay, Tessier, Cross, JJ. Rep. 3 Leg et vir.-Judgment confirming, June News, 28 & 24 J. 167.

1875, Dorion, C. J., Monk, Taschereau,

Ramsay, Sanborn, JJ. Le tuteur dont la tutelle a été annulée, et qui a rendu un compte de son An action to acconnt will lie against administration aux nouveaux tuteurs, the administrator of a joint-adventure. qui lui ont succédé, et qui ont reçu les pièces justificatives, et le reliquat de But the administrator will only be compte reconnu par le rendant compte, obliged to pay the reliquat de compte n'est pas tenu de rendre un autre in the form in which he obtained it. compte en justice, et que les nouveaux Thus he will not be condemned to pay tuteurs qui v'ont pas accepté le compte the face value of stock, unless he fails qui leur a été rendu avec les formalités to tender such stock within a period to requises par la loi, n'ont d'action que be tixed by the Court. pour débattre et faire reformer le compte présenté, et non une action en Semble, it will be presumed stock is reddition de compte. Methot & Du- of the value it bears on its face, unless fort et vir. Q. Judgment reversing, 8 there be evidence to the contrary. Oct. 1883. Sir A. A. Dorion, C. J., Ran. Foley & Stuart. M.Judgment moditying. say, Tessier, Cross, Baby, JJ. Rep. 321 Dec. 1875. Dorion, C. J., Monk, TasDec. d'A. 262.

chereau, Ramsay, Sanborn, JJ. Rep. 20

J., 183. Where an administrator has account. ed he will not be ordered to account There was a joint-adventure for the again because certain vouchers are purchase of certain real estate in the wanting. The obligation to produce name of appellant. The partners were, vouchers is to produce those the admi- on certain conditions, each to have a nistrator has, but he may justify his share. It appears they left appellant payments by other legal evidence. to bear the amount of the acquisiHart & Hart. Judgment confirming 17 tion, and he afterwards sold the properDec. 1879. Sir A. A. Dorion C. J., Monk, ty for his own profit. Respondent sued Ramsay, Tessier, Cross JJ. Rep.3 Leg. for his share of the price of sale. The News, 24, and 24 J. 161.

appellant tendered an account of his

transaction. The action should have The Secretary Treasurer of a building been to account, but the appellant Society who has left the service of the having tendered an account covered Society and handed over all his books the irregularity. Brewsler & Lamb.Judgand vouchers to the Society is entitled ment confirming 22 Dec. 1879, Sir A. to a judgment discharging his security A. Dorion C. J., Monk, Ramsay, Tessier, and to radiate the hypothec on his pro: Cross, JJ. perty given as security for his faithful administration, within a delay fixed by The appellant brought suit against the Court, and in default of giving such the Respondent, alleging a purchase by deed the judgment to stand therefor. them jointly of certain promissory noLa Société Permanente de Construction tes and securities which the Respond& Longtin. Judgment confirming, 22 ent collected for their common profit, June 1878. Sir A. A. Dorion, C. J., Monk, the appellant's share, acknowledged by Ramsay, Tessier, Cross, JJ.

the Respondent, being $713.75; the ap

pellant added the common assumpsit Where the account rendered by a counts, and prayed for an account in tutor, or one acting as tutor, was the usual form with vouchers, and that, irregular and rendered without vouch- in default, the Respondent should be ers, he may be compelled to account condemned to pay the raid sum of anew, by an action seeking to set aside $713.75. Held, on demurrer that the the former account as irregular and demand for an account was not warfraudulent, although there may be a ranted by the allegations of the decla

ration, and was not the proper remedy A party cannot, by motion, obtain for the cause of complain therein delay to answer an action en reformastated.

tion de compte until a book is produced

by Plaintiff, the existence of which Semble, a party suing anotherto account Plaintiff dény. Les Commissaires in a partn-rship matter, is not obliged to d'écoles de Notre Dume de Portneuf & tender an account or to declare that he Fournier, Q. Judgment reversing, 7 has none to give. Michaud & Vezina. Dec. 1882. Sir A. A. Dorion, C.J., Monk, Judgment confirming, 7 Decr. 1880. Sir Ramsay, Cross, Baby, JJ. A.A. Dorion, C. J.. Monk, Ramsay, Cross, JJ. Rep. 6 Q. L. R., 353.

A woman commune en biens with her

late husband, and légataire universelle Lorsqu'un associé poursuit un autre en usufruit may bring an action against associé en reddition de compte, il n'est the partner of her late husband for an pas obligé d'alléguer qu'il à lui-même account of the partnership, without rendu compte, ou qu'il n'en a pas à calling in the nu-propriétaires. Gin. rendie, il lui suffit d'alléguer que le dé- gras & Dignan, Q. Judgment confirmfendeur a en sa possession des biens ou ing, 5 Dec. 1878, Sir A. A. Dorion, C. J., somnes de deniers appartenant à la so- Monk, Ramsay, Tessier, Cross, JJ. ciété qui a existé entre eux, dont il n'a pas rendu compte.

Appellant sued Respondent for an

account of a raft sold for him by ReA défaut par le défendeur de rendre spondent, who answered, that he had compte dans le délai fixé par le juge no account to render, as the raft bement qui lui a ordonné de rendre comp-longed to one Bannerman to whom he te, le demandeur peut procéder à éta- had accounted, and that he owed blir lui-même un compte d'apres l'arti- nothing. Aj pellant's pretention is that cle 533 du Code de Procédure Civile, the receipt h- gave Respondent for an ou il peut, suivant la pratique suivie advance, was in these words : “ Please avant le Code, faire condamner le dé hold, subject to the order of Messrs. fendeur à lui payer soit une ou plu- Ross & Co., my raft now lying at your sieurs provisions jusqu'à ce qu'il lui ait

and oblige.” Signed : “ John rendu compte, soit une somme défini- Doran.” If this stood alone, it would tive pour tenir lieu du reliq'at de be conclusive, but the whole transcompte, à la discr-tion de la Cour. tion is proved. It is established that Gauthier & Roy, Q. Judginent refusing whatever was the nature of the transmotion for leave to appeal. 7 Dec. actions between Bannerman and Doran, 1880), Sir A. A. Dorion, C..)., Monk, Ram Ross knew no one but Bannerman, and say, Cross, Baby, J. J. Rep. 1 Dec. d'A., that the money was given to Ross on 149. 10 Rev. lég. 443. Bourgoin & Bannerman's credit, and there can be Plante, M., Judgment reversing, 22 no doubt Ross understood the raft was March 1876. Dorion, C. J., Monk, Ram- Bannerman'-, and that Doran left him tay, Sanborn, Tessier, JJ. Rep. 9 Leg. for two years under that impression, News, 461.

during which time Ross settled with

Bannerman, without any knowledge of In this case there was an incidental Doran's claim to the raft. The word my demand, the Court below dismissed raft, in the ordinary language of the the principal demand with costs, and people, does not necessarily imply promaintained the incidental demand for perty, but possession. (1) Doran & Ross, $37.50 with costs in an action for that Q. Juilgment conti ming, 5 Oct. 1883, amount. This Court thought both ac- Sir A. A. Dorion, C. J., Ramsay, Tessier, tions should have been dismissed, as Cross, Baby, JJ. nothing was due to one or other party, each party paying his own costs in both cases in the Court below, and costs of this appel, and each half of the costs

(1) NOTE.-The Supreme Court reversed the of the expertise.

decisions of the two courts.

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was

A judgment to account within thirty guée; le compte accompagnant le plaidays does not become executory devoyer ne sera pas rejete sur motion plano by the lapse of the thirty days. comme ayant élé produit irrégulière. Le curé de Beauharnois & Robillard, ment et prématurément. M. Judgment confirnuing, 21 June, 1879. Sir A. A. Do ion, C. J., Monk, Un tel compte ne peut pas être reje: Ramsay, Tessier, Cross, JJ. Monk and té sur motion avant l'enquête parce. Tessier, JJ., dis. Rep. 2 Leg. News, que le chapitre des dépenses contient 236.

des items qui ne paraissent avoir au-“

cune connexité avec la gestion de la The Appellants by deed of donation proprieté dont on demande compte : gave to the Respondent, their mother, Cette question ne pouvant être discutée five pieces of property, subject to the et décidée que sur un débat de compte, charge of paying hypothecs to the Dorion & Dorion, M. Judgment reveramount of $5000, and to the Appellants sing, 26 November, 1884, Sir A. A. Doa rente viagère of $288. This continued rion, C. J. Ramsay, Tessier, Cross, Baby, till the 2nd February, 1881, when, by JJ. Reported M. L. R. I. Q. B. 65, 7 another deed the donation

an. Leg. News, 397. nulled, Respondent rendered an account of the administration of their property, i which they accepted “se réservant le le mérite du compte rendu, il n'y a plus

Les parties ayant lié contestation sur droit de vérifier le compte des recettes, lieu à se plaindre des défauts de forme alors à celles produit par l'Intimé et de du dit compte. Lamarche & L'Heuréclamer de ce dernier à demande le montant de toute erreur ou omission en

reux, Q. Judgment reversing, 8 Octobeur fareur." The Appellant brought ber, 1,885. Sir A. A. Dorion, C. J., Raman action for debt and en réformation say; Tessier, Cross, Baby, JJ., Rep. 11

Q. L. R., 342. de compte. Held by the Superior Court, that Respondent was not the mandatory of Appellants when he rendered ACCOUNTANT.-Is a person skilled the account, and owed them no account,

in keeping accounts. " In matters and that therefore an action en réfor where accounts have to be rendered or mation de compte did not lie against adjusted, or which require calculations him. On the facts that the Defendant to be made, and in matters of separahad given Appellants an hypothec ex- tion of property, or partition of coinceeding what was due then. Darvcau munity or succession, the Court may et al, & Darveau, Q. Judgment con- refer the case to one or more persons firming, 8 May, 1884. Monk, Ramsay, skilled in such matters ;” C. C. P. 340. Tessier, Cros«, Baby, JJ., Ramsay,

v. EXPERTS. Cross, JJ., were of opinion that Appel. lants were entitled to have the account ACQUIESCENCE.-In its widest sense between them and the Respondent re- acquiescence is any adhesion of a performed, as it was the basis of their son to a thing done. It seems, howrights.

ever,it is only usual to apply it to certain

contracts which expressly recognize a Lorsqu'un défendeur poursuivi pour state of things as binding. Technically, un état de compte de la gestion d'un therefore, it is for the most part apimmeuble et pour une somme réclamee plied to an implied assent. The liabisur la vente de cet immeuble, en vertu lity to be incurred by acquiescence can d'une convention spéciale, plaide au only be established by such proof as premier chef de l'action qu'il n'a jamais would establish an obligation for a like été mis en demeure de rendre compte, matter. An acquiescence which would mais qu'il a toujours été prêt à le faire, have the effect of resiliating another et produit son compte avec le plai- contract or creating a new obligation, doyer; et plaide au second chef de can only be proved as a contract can be l'action, qu'il ne doit rien au deman. proved. But a right may sometimes be deur en vertu de la convention allé. I lost by acquiescence in a state of things

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incompatible with the continued exist- | leave will be granted to cross-examine ence of such right. Pleading over to the deponents. Hotte & Champagne, the merits of an action, is such an ac- M., Judgment, 19 November, 1882. Sir quiescement in a judgment dismissing an A. A. Dorion, C. J, Monk, Ramsay, exception à la forme that leave to ap. Cross, Baby, JJ., Rep. 25 J. 227, 2 Dec. peal will be refused. Coté vs. McGreevy, d'A. 127. Q. Judgment 7 Sept., 1875. Dorion, C.J., Monk, Taschereau, Ramsay, San- Where there were irregularities in born, JJ.

the proceedings of arbitrators, and one

of the parties to the submission took Acquiescence covers iregularities of advantage of the award, knowing of procedure. Beauchamp & Letourneau, these irregularities, he will be held to M. Judgment confirming, 27 Nov. 1881, have acquiesced in the proceedings. Monk, Ramsay, Tessier, Cross, Baby, JJ. Lepine & Fiset. Q. Judginent confirm

ing, 8 Sep., 1878. Sir A. A. Dorion, C. J.,

8 A party who pays the amount of Monk, Ramsay, Tessier, Cross, JJ. judgment, without special protest, after Rep. 10 Rev. Leg. 153. his arrest and while in prison, will not be held by such payment to have acquiesced in the judgment, so as to take

And although an appeal cannot be away his right of appeal, particularly brought in the name of a dead person, where he had given instructions to

if the representatives have come in and institute appeal. "Ouimet & Lafond, M. taken u; the instance, without objecJudgment, March, 1874. Taschereau, tion, the irregularity will be covered. Ramsay, Sanborn, Loranger, JJ.

Hagarty & Morris, M. Judgment, 21

Sep., 1874. Dorion, C. J., Monk, TasAnd where an action was brought to Chereau, Ramsay, Sanborn, JJ, Rep. 9

J. 103. have an assessment roll to defray the cost of an improvement declared null and void, and, after the institution of Where a person by error takes more the action, Plaintiff had paid the stock in a joint stock company than he amount for which he was assessed, in intended, and had sought to be relieved order to be relieved from an execution of the subscription immediately after, which had issued against his effects, but on persuasion took no further such payment was not an abandonment steps, and afterwards received a dividof his right to have the roll declared end on the whole stock, he will be held null and void as far as he was concerned, to have acquiesced in the subscription. for be paid under compulsion, and did Coté & Standard Insurance Company, not acquiesce. Bisson & The City of Q. Judgment confirming, 8 March, 1880. Montreal. M. Judgment reversing, 32 Sir A. A. Dorion, C. J., Monk, Ramsay, Sept., 1879. Sir A. A. Dorion, C. J., Monk, Tessier, Cross, JJ. Tessier, J., dis. Rep. Ramsay, Tessier, JJ. Tessier, J., dis. 6 Q. L. R. 147, 10 Rev. Leg. 289. Rep. 25 J. 306, 10 Rev. Lég. 100, 2 Leg. Reversed in Supreme Court. 6 Š. C. R. News 341.

193.

Proof of acquiescence in judgment Where a building society has conappealed from will be ordered in tracted under legi-lation by the Parappeal Jordan & Jetté, M., judgment liament of Canada, it will not be allowed ordering proof. M. September, 1875, to repudiate its obligations under preDorion, C. J., Monk, Taschereau, Ram text That the act of Parliament was say, Sanborn, JJ.

beyond the legislative powers of Par

liament. La Cie. de Villas du Cap Where petition has been filed Gibraltar & Hughes, M. Judgment praying the dismissal of an appeal on contirming, 2 March, 1883. Monk, Ramthe ground of acquiescence, and affida- say, Tessier, Cro-s, Baby, JJ., Cross, J., vits are filed in support and against the dis. Rep. 3 Dec. d'A. 175. Confirmed application of a contradictory character, I in the Supreme Court.

rece

ACTION.--Is used in law to designate A tutor sues es qualilé for his minor. the legal proceedings taken by the Poissant & Burrette. M. Judgment conplaintiff to assert a right. Hence it firming, 17 Dec., 1879. Sir A. A. Dorion is frequently employed for the whole C. J., Monk, Ramsay, Tessier, Cross, JJ. suit at law.

Rep. 3 Leg. News 12. $1. WHO MAY SUE.

A curator to a vacant estate only $2. RIGHT OF ACTION.

represents the succession of the de. $3. RES JUDICATA.

ceased, and he cannot bring action to · $4. LITISPENDENCE.

set aside a deed made by him, alleging $5. DISCONTINUANCE.

fraud, for the estate has no lawful $6. WHO MAY BE SUED.

interest to set that up. Lamarche & $7. WHEN ACTION MAY BE BROUGHT.

Pauzé. M. Judgment reversing, 31 Oct. $8. ACTIONS ARE OF THREE KINDS.

1883, Sir A. A. Dorion C. J., Monk. PERSONAL-Real-MIXED.

Ramsay, Tessier, Baby JJ. Rep. 3 Dec. $9. WHERE ACTION MAY BE BROUGHT.

d'A. 265. $10. CUMULATION OF ACTIONS.

$2. Right OF ACTION--A person having $11. MISCELLANEOUS.

no interest in a suit is non

vable in his demand. This is what is $1. W110 MAY SUE.-1.“ No person can

meant by art. 13 C. C. P. (1) bring a suit at law unless he has an interest therein.' C. C. P. 13. This is

In a general sense it may be said that inexact. Neither Prevot de la Jannes “right of action” is co-extensive nor Pigeau says anything of the kind. with interest. Hood & The Bank of Le fondement de toute action c'est le Toronto. M. Judgment confirming, 19 droii;" and he who sues without such June, 1880. Sir A. A. Dorion C. J., right will be declared non recevable. Monk, Ramsay, Ross, JJ. Rep. 3 Leg. “ Ces causes (de non recevoirsont pour News 234. l'ordinaire, ou qu'il n'a point d'intérêt, ou qu'il n'a point de qualité, ou l'un et Campbell gave a mortgage for $25,l'autre ensemble."

000 to Lucy Jane Stevens, his wife, for

the price of the stock-in-trade belong “ No person can be party to a suit ing to her in a partnership which had who has not the free exercise of his existed between her and one Charles rights, save where special provisions Hagar, including from $10,000 to $11,apply. Those who have not the free | 000 interest on said price. Carnpbell, exercise of their rights must be re subsequently gave a mortgage on the presented, assisted or authorized in the sane property, for $15,000 to Walter manner prescribed by the laws which | Bonnell, which mortgage, Bonnell transregulate their particular status or ca. ferred to the Appellant as collateral pacity.” C. C. P. 14.

security for a note of $20,000, dis

counted on the same day, the bank re“No person can use the name of ceiving at the same time other collateanother to plead, except the Crown rals to secure the payment of the note. through its recognized officers.” C. C. P.

Campbell subsequenily gave a mort18. Aud probably now the local legis- gage to Brackley Shaw for $45,000. lature of the Province of Quebec, as exercising sovereign powers. “Tutors,

Lucy Jane Stevens became a party curators and others representing those to the deed, and granted to Shaw * who have not the free exerci-e of priority of hypothec over her own. their rights, plead in their own name The action is by the Appellants as in their respective qualities” C. C. P. creditors under the transfer of the hy. 19. If the powers of a judicial adviser pothec from Bonnell, to set aside and be not defined by the judgment, the person to whom he is appointed is

(1) NOTE----It is difficult to see in what this prohibited from pleading without the differs from sec. 1 iu which the author objects assistance of such adviser. C. C. 351. to the statement of art. 13 C. C. P. Ed.

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