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adopted applied beam boat boiler Boulton Boulton & Watt Boulton and Watt built carriage carried century Charlotte Dundas coal Colonel John Stevens compound engine condensation connected connecting-rod construction crank cross-head cut-off cylinder driving efficiency energy expansion experiments feet long feet stroke fire-box Fitch flue form of engine fuel Fulton furnace gases George Stephenson gine heat heating-surface horse-power hull improvement inches in diameter introduced invention inventor James Watt later locomotive London machine machinery Marquis of Worcester mechanical method miles an hour motion Newcomen engine Oliver Evans paddle-wheels Papin patent pipe piston-rod placed pounds per square pressure proposed pump pumping-engine railroad raised road Savery screw secured seen shaft sketch Soho speed square inch steam steam-boiler steam-carriage steam-cylinder steam-engine steam-pipe steam-pressure steamboat steamer Stephenson Stevens stroke of piston success temperature Thomas Savery tion tons Trevithick tubes usually valve valve-gear vessel Watt's weight wheels
Pàgina 435 - Heat is a very brisk agitation of the insensible parts of the object, which produces in us that sensation from whence we denominate the object hot; so what in our sensation is heat, in the object is nothing but motion.
Pàgina 100 - I intend, in many cases, to employ the expansive force of steam to press on the pistons, or whatever may be used instead of them, in the same manner as the pressure of the atmosphere is now employed in common fire engines. In cases where cold water cannot be had in plenty, the engines may be wrought by this force of steam only, by discharging the steam into the open air, after it has done its office.
Pàgina 101 - Sixthly, I intend, in some cases, to apply a degree of cold not capable of reducing the steam to water, but of contracting it considerably, so that the engines shall be worked by the alternate expansion and contraction of the steam. Lastly, instead of using water to render the piston or other parts of the engines air and steam tight, I employ oils, wax, resinous bodies, fat of animals, quicksilver, and other metals in their fluid state.
Pàgina 100 - In engines that are to be worked wholly or partially by condensation of steam, the steam is to be condensed in vessels distinct from the...
Pàgina 88 - I must get rid of the condensed steam and injection water if I used a jet, as in Newcomen's engine. Two ways of doing this occurred to me. First, the water might be run off by a descending pipe, if an off-let could be got at the depth of 35 or 36 feet, and any air might be extracted by a small pump. The second was to make the pump large enough to extract both water and air.
Pàgina 156 - The time will come when people will travel in stages moved by steam engines, from one city to another, almost as fast as birds fly, fifteen or twenty miles an hour.
Pàgina 303 - It is on the rivers, and the boatman may -repose on his oars; it is in highways, and begins to exert itself along the courses of land conveyance; it is at the bottom of mines, a thousand feet below the earth's surface ; it is in the mill, and in the workshops of the trades. It rows, it pumps, it excavates, it carries, it draws, it lifts, it hammers, it spins, it weaves, it prints.
Pàgina 418 - Soon shall thy arm, unconquered Steam, afar Drag the slow barge, or drive the rapid car ; Or, on wide-waving wings expanded bear The flying chariot through the fields of air...
Pàgina 170 - Committee to believe that the substitution of inanimate for animal power, in draught on common roads, is one of the most important improvements in the means of internal communication ever introduced. Its practicability they consider to have been fully established ; its general adoption will take place more or less rapidly, in proportion as the attention of scientific men shall be drawn by public encouragement to further improvement.