« AnteriorContinua »
OX RIGHT FROM LOND.
ON LEYT FROM LOND.
To Chesterfield, 9 m. Scareliff.
Stoney Houghton. 1411 Glapwell Hall, at a Langwith, and beyond
distance, Sutton Park. Langwith Lodge, Earl
Bolsover Castle, Duke Bathurst.
of Portland. To Worksop and Work- 116)
1478 To Sheffield, 123 m. sop Manor, Duke of Newcastle, 6 m., and be- 115
Barlborough Hall, Rev. Knitacre.
C. H. R. Rodes, and beyond Welbeck Abbey, 1114
Enter Yorkshire. 1524 vond, Reinshaw, Sir S. Duke of Portland.
To Sheffield, 7 miles. Aston Hall.
Aughton. 1631 Aughton Hall 1063
Whiston. 1674 To Doncaster, 12 m. 1041| ROTHERHAM (p. 355.)
1594 To Sheffield, 6 miles. Clifton House, H.
The Grange, Earl of Walker, Esq., and East
Effingham. wood House.
Wentworth House, Aldwarke Hall, G. S.
Earl Fitzwilliam. Foljambe, Esq.
cr. river Don.
Wentworth Castle, F. Thrybergh Hall, J.
W.T. V. Wentworth, Esq. Fullerton, Esq.
Worsborough Hall, w.
B. Martir, Esq.
1721 To Stuckport, 33 m. Wakefield, 104 miles. Birthwaite Hall. 89
1753 2 m. distant, Cannon
Hall, J. S. Stanhope, 851
Bretton Hall, W. B. To Wakefield, 61 m.
1841 Beaumont, Esq.
cr. river Coln. On the road to Man
189 chester, 7 m. from Hud: 757 dersfield, may be seen
is a large and populous town, Springwood. the stupendous tunnel, carrying on a very extensive
Spring Grove. 8 miles long, through
manufacture of serges, kerwhich the canal is led,
seymeres, and broad and narmade at the expense of
row cloths. It has churches £300,000.
and chapels. 2 miles south of To Wakefield, 13 m. the town, on Castle Hill, are
To Chapel-en-te-Frith, the remains of the ancient
To Stockport, 28 m.; also p. 345.
Manchester, 253 miles. Fixby Hall, and beyond Kirklees Hall, Sir G. Armytage, Bart.
cr. river Calder. To Leeds, by Birstal, 677 HALIFAX (see p. 343.) 197 15 miles; Bradford, 9 m.
To Rochdale, 16} m.;
Burnley, 214 miles. Harden Grange, w. 557 KEIGHLEY
Knowle Ho., F. G:ronB. Ferrand, Esq.
op the Aire carries on a con. wood, Esq.
siderable trade in cotton, To Bradford, 10 m.
linen, and worsted goods.
ON EIGIIT YRON LOND.
ON LEET TRON LOND.
cross river Aire. Cononley Hall, Rev. J.
Swire. To Otley, 15 m., -Harrowgate, 194 m.,-Rip
To Colne, 104 miles. ley, 20 m.
To Clitheroe, 19 miles. Skipton Castle, Sir R. 451 SKIPTON, (pp. 347 and 369.) 219 Tufton, Bart., and in the distance, Bolton Abbey, 401 Gargrave. 2233 Broughton Hall (Sir Duke of Devonshire.
C. R. Tempest, Bart.). Gargrave House.
Bank Newton, and be2 miles distant, Eshton
yond, Ingthorpe Grange. Hall, M. Wilson, Esq., and Flasby Hall, C. Preston, Esq.
2254 35$. Hellifield.
Hellifield Peel, and, 1 m. distant, Halton
221 To Askrigg, 20 miles. 191
181 Hipping Ha. E. Tatham, Esq. Leck Ho.
To Sedbergh, 11 miles. 12
At a distance, Thurcross river Lune.
land Castle. KIRKBY LONSDALE, (p. 252 To Lancaster, 15 miles. 370) (Westmorland).
2 m. distant, Whitting ton Hall, T. Greene, Esq.
Summerfield Hall, E
cross river Kent. KENDAL, (p. 269). 126411
BEDFORD is situated on both sides of the river Ouse, which is navigable to the German Ocean. It is a place of great antiquity, and is supposed to be the Bedicanford of the Saxon Chronicle. It possessed an ancient castle, of which, however, no part at present remains. Bedford carries on an extelsive trade in corn, malt, timber, coals, and iron. Lace and straw-plait making afford employment to a great number of poor females and children. There are in Bedford numerous churches and chapels. church of St. Peter has a curious old Norman door, a fine antique
font, and some old stained glass in the windows. There are several meetinghouses; and it is calculated that about half of the inhabitants of the town are Dissenters. There is probably no English town of similar extent, equal to Bedford in the variety and magnitude of its charitable and educational establishments. For these it is chiefly indebted to Sir W. Harpur, Alderinan of London in the reign of Edward VI. The income arising from his charity now amounts to upwards of £17,000 a-year. John Bunyan was pastor of an Independent congregation in this town, and his Pilgrim's Progress was composed in the county gaol. About a mile from the town is Elstow, his birth-place. The cottage in which he was born is still standing, but it has lately received a new front. Bedford returns two members to Parliament. Pop. 1851, 11,693.
HIGHAM FERRER3.—The church is a fine building, and rich in brasses and other monuments. Here is also a free school, which once formed part of a college founded by Archbishop Chichele. Pop. of par. 1851, 1140. The borough formerly returned one M.P., but is now disfranchised.
KETTERING, an ancient town, standing on a rising ground. The church contains a few interesting monuments. Dr. John Gill, the commentator, was a native of this place; and Andrew Fuller, another well-known Baptist minister, was pastor of a congregation here. The trade of Kettering consists chiefly of wool-combing and shoemaking. Pop. 1851, 5125.
In the church at Warkton, two miles from Kettering, are the monuments of the Montagu family by Roubilliac and Vangelder.
About 2 miles from Kettering is Boughton House, a seat of the Duke of Buccleuch, containing a fine collection of paintings. It was formerly the seat of the Dukes of Montagu, now extinct.
ROCKINGHAM is situated in the midst of Rockingham Forest, which was at an early period noted for its extensive iron-works; and in the reign of Edward I. is described as being 30 miles long by 8 miles broad. The church, which was partially destroyed by Oliver Cromwell, contains some fine monuments. Here are the remains of a strong fortress, erected by William the Conqueror. Within the court is the spacious mansion of Lord Sondes.
UPPINGHAM.—The church is a fine Gothic structure, containing some handsome monuments. Here are also several chapels, a free grammar-school, and an hospital. These institutions, which are well endowed, were, as well as the grammar-school at Oakham, founded by R. Johnson, Archdeacon of Leicester, A. D. 1584. Pop. 1851, 2068.
OAKHAM, the county-town of Rutland, is situated in the rich vale of Catmos. It had an ancient castle, supposed to have been erected by Walcheline de Ferrers, a younger scion of the family De Ferrers, to whom Henry II. had granted the manor. Among the possessors of the manor and castle were, Richard King of the Romans, brother of Henry III. ; Edmund Earl of Kent, brother of Edward II. ; De Vere, Earl of Oxford and Duke of Ireland, favourite of Richard II. ; Thomas of Woodstock, uncle to the same King; Humphrey Duke of Buckingham, the supporter and victim of Richard III. ; Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex; and George Villiers, second Duke of Buckingham, the favourite of Charles II. The remains of the castle consist principally of the hall used for the business of the county. Oakham is remarkable for an ancient custom,—the first time any peer of the realm passes through the lordship, he forfeits, to the lord of the manor, a shoe from the horse on which he rides, unless he commutes for it. A number of these shoes are nailed to the gate of the castleyard and the interior of the county hall. Some of them are gilt and stamped with the donor's naine. Among them are shoes given by Queen Elizabeth, by the late Duke of York, and by George IV. when Prince Regent. Pop. 1851, 2800.
About two miles from Oakham is Burley-on-the-Hill, the magnificent seat of Mr. Finch, one of the finest mansions in England. In the reign of James I. this estate was the property of George Villiers first Duke of Buckingham, who had the honour of entertaining liis royal master within its walls, when Ben Johnson's masque of the Gipsies was first performed. During the civil wars, this mansion was destroyed by the Parliamentary forces, and lay in ruins many years, till it was rebuilt by Daniel Pinch, Earl of Nottingham, ancestor of the present proprietor. The architecture is of the Doric order, combining great splendour and elegance with simplicity. On the south side there is a terrace 900 feet long by 36 feet broad, commanding views of remarkable beauty. The interior is adorned with numerous portraits, pictures of the Italian school, a valuable library, &c. The park is about 6 miles in circumference. A short way beyond Burley is Exton Park, the fine mansion of the Earl of Gainsborough. 5 m. distant is Cottesmore Park, belonging to the Earl of Lonsdale.
MANSFIELD is seated in a valley near the little river Man, from which it probably takes its name, and is surrounded by the ancient forest of Sherwood, the scene of Robin Hood's chief exploits. It is an ancient town, with a Gothic church containing numerous monuments. The principal manufactures are those of stockings and gloves. Here are also several cotton-mills, factories of double point-net, and an iron-foundry. A railway, seven miles in length, connecting Mansfield with the Cromford Canal, has been constructed at an expense of £30,000. It has proved very advantageous to the trading interests of the place There is a free-grammar school, which was founded by royal charter in the reigt. of Queen Elizabeth. A handsoine cross has lately been erected in the marketplace to the memory of Lord George Bentinck. Pop. 1851, 10,012. About 1 mile from the town, in the neighbourhood of a village called Mansfield Woodhouse, two Roman villas were discovered in 1786, and in the vicinity of Mans. field numerous Roman coins have been found.
Sherwood Forest, (so intimately associated with the name and exploits of Robin Hood) in which Mansfield is situated, anciently extended frou the town of Nottingham to Whitby in Yorkshire. Even so late as the reign of Queen Elizabeth, it contained a space equal to the present dimensions of the New Forest. It was a favourite resort of the kings of the Norman race, who had a summer palace at Clipstone built by Henry II. The mark of King Jobs