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Helm Crag.

101
Toll Bar.

5$ Fair Field.
The road rises gradually Seat Sandal

until it attains the height Pine retrospective views: from

of 726 feet, at the pass of the summit, Skiddaw is visible. 1 The tradition is, that Dun

DUNMAIL RAISE.

* They now have reach'd that

6) mail, King of Cumberland, was

pile of stones, defeated here by Edmund the

Heap'd over brave King Dun

mail's bones, Saxon king, in 945. A cairn,

Enter Cumberland. He who once held supreme still in part remaining, was

command, raind as a memorial of the vie.

Last king of rocky Cumberland; tory. The conqueror put out

His bodes, and those of all bis the eyes of his adversary's two Steel Fell on the left.

power, sons, and gave the territory to!

Siain here in a disastrous Malcolm, king of Scotland, to Seat Sandal on the right.

hour." preserve the peace of the north

Word erorth ern part of the kingdom. 1

Thirlemere 18 in vies. | The road is too near the foot 81 Horse's Head, Wytheburn. 79 The ascent of Helvellyn Crema of Helvellyn to allow any notion

this inn is shorter, but steeper, to be formed of that mountain's The village, calied locally

than from any other place. immense height. " the city," is half a mile Opposite

the inn, is the chapel distant on the left.

which Wordsworth describes Armhoth House, Late W. Jack

"Wytheburn's modest boure

of prayer, son, Esq., on the west shore.

As lowly as the lowliest dwell

ing." Hall way down the lake on THIRLEMERE LAKE,

Eagle Crag is seen hanging the right, are some houses called Fisher's Place, near which called also Wytheburn Wa

over the upper end of the lake, are some pretty cascades formed ter and Leathes Water,

a sheet of water, environed by

frowning precipices, two and a by a stream flowing off Hel. washing the base of Hel- half miles long, 500 feet above vellyn. vellyn.

the level of the sea, and about,

100 feet in depth. There is a Pedestrians frequently cross

small island near the shore at its Armboth Fell to the village of

foot. It is so Darrow as to allow Watendlath, proceeding thence

a wooden bridge to be throwa to Keswick. Splendid views of

across its middle. To obtain Derwentwater are obtained in

some picturesque riems, the İthe descent. Near the foot of

lake should be crossed by this Thirlemere, one extremity or

bridge, and the road on the the vale of St. John is passed.

west shore taken, which joina The views along it, with Sad

the turnpike road, a little beJleback beyond, are very fine. 6 Road on the right through 10 yond the twelfth mile-stone. The celebrated “ Castle Rock

St. John's Vale.

Haven Crag is a fine object Dear stands at the entrance on the

the foot. This lake is the pro right “ From a field on the

perty of T. 8. Leathes, Eq eastern side of the road, and a

whose residence, Dalehesd little short of the tenth mile- 49 cr. Smeathwaite 11+ House, is in the neighbour stone, the view of the vale of St.

hood. John presents a most singularly

Bridge over St. John's Interesting, assemblage of the

Beck, which issues from

Thirlemere. wild and the lovely." --Green.

Shoulthwaite Moss, bacted

by a rocky bill called Bend. ! Naddle Fell. Hence may be seen the three

A farro-house on the bene

14

Causey Poot. mountains, Skiddaw, Saddle!

shaded by wood, is samed back, and Helvellyn.

Causey Foot From this place, there is the

13

Summit of Castlerigg. 141 When the pedestrian reaches view of the vale of the Derwent Road on right to vruld's, 1

* piece of open ground in the and its two lakes, which Gray

Circle.

deosent, he is advised to enter regretted so much to leave. Skiddew is immediately before

one of the fields on the left, ta KESWICK.

16

obtain a view of the wbole er panse of Derwentwater.

the eye.

WHITEHAVEN, 38 Miles •,. The whole of this route is seldom travelled continuously, but as most of it will be traversed in deincbed portions, it has been thought better to place the total distance under one descriptiva, from wnich the Tourist may select the sections he requires. In consequence of there being no inn at which post hories are kept between Ambleside and Calder Bridge, carriages cannot pursue this route.

From
Whiteh

From
A mbles.

OX RIUNT FROM ALLESTDA.

OX LEYT FROM AMRIKSID.. AMBLESIDE.

cr. Rotbay Bridge. Croft Ludge, James Holmer 37 Clappersga vill. 1 A road on the lent, leading to

Hawkshead, crosses the Bra

thay and enters Lancashire. Laaghrigg Yell. Two miles and a half from On thebanksofthe Brathay,

Sweeter stream scenery, with

richer fore and loftier back Arnbleside, a road turns into

Brathay Chapel. Great Langdale.

grounds, is no where to be seen

within the four seas.-WILSON. There is a waterfall a shart 35 mcr. Skel with Bridge. 3 distance above the bridge 20

Enter Lancashire. fiet in height. The views of

Road deviates between the Languale Pikes are extremely Having crossed the bridge, two bridges, passing on the itne.

the road on the right lead- east of Oxen Fell through Yew Frorn the termice attained

ing up a steep hill must be dale to Coniston. soon after passing Skelwith Br.

taken. there is a superb view of Elterwater, and of Great and Little

A little above the bridge in Langdale, separated by Ling

a deep dell near the road is ODE.

a fine waterfall called Colwith Roged into Great Langdale' 334 cr. Colwith Bridge. 4 sreen 70 feet in height. One skirting the head of Elterwater

Tarn is perceived.
Re-enter Westmorland.

Wether-
Tan.
Lingmoor.

lam, a stupendous mountain,

rises on the south of the tarn. A road bends to the right;! 31

Fell Foot

7

Mountain road through 191and, after passing Blea Tarn,

berthwaite to Coniston,5 miles. enters the head of Great lang

The toilsome ascent of Wrydale. Along this road the Pikes

nose is commenced at this wear their boldest features.

place. The retrospective views 4

The road winds steeply to

are Ane. Wansfell Pike is seen

in the distance. the suinmit of

The Carts, and Coniston Yella, At the spot where the Coun. 294 WRYNOSE, 81 tiesof Cumberland, Westmor

Traces of a Roman road over land, and Lancashire unite,

(Pronounced locally Raynuz.) (both Hardknot and Wrynose the Tiree Shire Stones are

Enter Lancashire. are yet remaining. placed.

Descend to The ascent of Hardknot is be- 271 Cockley Beck Bridge, gon; the highest part of the

104 The Duddon bends at this Lin is on the right

over the Duddon.

place; and, passing througa

the beautiful vale of SeathEnter Cumberland. waite, enters Morecambe Bay,

near Broughton. The distance From this summit there is a

between Cockley Beck and magnificent view of Seawfell 254 Summit of

12] Broughton by the road is 18 Pikes and Senwell. On the left

HARD KNOT.

miles. The pedestrian is strongthe Irish Sea is men; and, in

ly advised to traverse this valclear weather, the Isle of Man.

ley, unsurpassed in picturesque Har way down the hill, and

and retired beauty by any other about 100 yards from the road,

in the lake district. It may are the faintly visible remains

be approached from Coniston of a Boman fortification called

by the Walna Senr road. There Hartknot Castle, once place

ds an inn at Newfield, 4 or 5 ofiro portance.

miles down the valley. The that lone camp oa Hard

Descend into

Duddon is the subjectof a series kaot's height

of sonnets by Wordsworth. Wone Guardians bout the knee to

ESKDALE.

This beautiful vale is watered Jore and Nors.

by the Fsk, which, after The mountains encircling 24 cr. Esk Bridge. 134 course of about 16 miles, entere Zsaudade, are the Seath wnita

the sea near Ravenglase. The Edle or the left, and projeo

valley is narrow at the spoel tions from Seaxfell on the

where it is entered, but it widens rapidly towards the west. It contains two or three hamlets and a few kuttered houses. Great number of sheep are pastured in It.

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From

Whiteb.

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The Wool Pack, a small Inn, 23

Dawson Ground.

Birker Porce, a fine arutade is a short distance from the

may be seen from the road.

amongst the clidis. The res

around are very grand. The inn is a little to the 22

Bout vill

16

At the schoolhouse rond right of the road. At this

strikes od to the left, conduct place a mountain road leaves

Jing to Dalegarth Hall, RoHS Eskdale,and passing Buromoor

farm house, bat formerly Tam, enters Wastdale Head

residence of the Stanleys of between the screes and Scaw.

Ponsonby, at which dimetiosa fell, 6 miles. The latter moun

will be given to a noble watertain may be ascended from

tall, called Stanley Gm Eskdale.

Dalegarth Force. The stream On elevated ground, 4 miles

is crossed three times by woodsouch of Bout, there is a lonely

en bridges on approaching the tarn, with a rocky island in its

tall. The ehasm is exceedingly centre, called Devoke Water.

grand. Returning, the Red About half a mile from its

dale and Wastdale mountains, foot are some ruins called Barn

with Sawfel amongst them, scar, which, according to tradi.

are in ne outline. tion, were a Danish city. The 18

cr. Bridge over the 20 Rond to Rarenglas, a call situation is marked by several

town, 19 miles from Ulverstoni

Mite. small piles of stones. No record

and 16 miles from Whitehaven of such a place has, however,

reated in an art of the sea at come down to us. A nuniber Fine view of the coast the confluend of the Est, Int, of silver coins have been found from the road between the

and Mite. A small casting lat it

trade is carried on a well as two bridges.

ahip-building and oyster fish

ing. Muncaster Castle, Lord Here a road diverges to 161 cr. Santon Bridge, 214 Blackcombe, a lot, hul, 7 Strands, a small village, one mile from the foot of Wast across the Irt, which flows

miles to the south of the town, Water. From Latterbarrow an

commands an extensive view

from Wast Water. eminence, under which the

of the Const. The Welsh mounroad passes, there is a fine view

tains, and the Isle of Man, are of the lake.

within the boundary of the

view. Road to Strands, four miles. 13 Gosforth vill.

25 In the churchyard boa stono

pillar of great antiquity, covered with illegible carvings

Ponsouby Hall, J.E.Stanley.

Esq. One mlle above this bridge 10 cr. Caldez Bridge. 28 Here there are two Food In are the remains of Calder Abbey, founded in 1134, for monks

6 EGREMONT.. 39 of the Cistercian order. The Abbey stands on the grounds pertaining to Captain Irwin's

Spring Held, Robl Jeder residence.

bon Emy. Keekle Grove, F. L B Dykes 3

35 Linethwaite, George Harrie Esg.

Ingwell, Mrs Gunson.
Summer Grove, Major Bpod.

WHITEHAVEN, 38

Hensingham House, Berry ding

Jefferson, Esq. . Egremont lo a neat market town, containing about 1500 inhabitante, sented at the distance of too miles and a half from the coast, upon the banks of the Ehen, the stream which flows from Engerdale |Lako. It is stated to have been a borough at the period when Parliamentary representatives ved remunerated for their services; and that, to avoid the expense of a member, the burgerea petitened to have the burgh disfranchised, which was accordingly done. The Parish Church is an ancient editore, dedicated to 8 Mary. It was granted by William de Meschiens to the Cell of St Bees. Upon na eminence to the west of the town stand the ruins of Egremont Castle, formerly a place of great strength and importance. It was built by the above named William de Meschlens soon after the Norman Con quest. In the lapse of time it passed into the possession of the Lucy family. There is a tradition, respecting the foriren whilst belonging to the Lueles,

which Wordsworth has versified in some stasies entitled, The Horn of Egremont Castle." General Wyndham is the present owner of both the Wacor and Castle of Igremont. Large quantities of fron ore are excavated in the neighbourhood, which are conveyed to Whitebaven unsmelted, and thence shipped to South Wales St Bees, at which there in Ane Conventual Church, la two and a half miles distant. A good mad, of seven miles in length, caducta to the foot of Lanerdale Lake. The distances from Egremont to the neighbouring towas ere, Ravne Igle, II mileo; Brotghton, so wiles; Ulverston, 80 miles ; Cockermouth, 13 miles : Maryport, afla

LAKE-KESWICK, 27 Miles.

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WHITEHAVEN. Scilly Bank, 500 feet

A handsome freestone are A coach travels dally be. In the neighbourhood of

with an entablature adorned twoen Cockermonth and

with the arms of the Lowther Moresby, is the site of Arbeia,

Birthwaite, connecting the
Roman station, where various
Whitehaven and Maryport,

family, spans the road on lear. Antique remains have been disand the Kendal and Winder

ing the town for the north. overed. All marks of the

mere Railways. station have been long defaced by the plough 249

2 Moresby Church: Moresby Rose Hill, Gilfrid Hartley, 24

Hall, Miss Tate.
Moresby Vill. 3

Parton and Harrington, two Roveneath, Mr. Solomon.

small sea-ports are near More Road to Lowes Water.

by.

31 Prospeet, Capt. Caldecott. 22 Distington VIIL 5

At the south-end of the vil. Gilgarron (Walker).

lage, are the ruins of Hayes

Castle, once the residence of the The road is for some miles in

Moresby family. the vale of the Derwent. This river takes its name on issuing 209 Brigham Chapelon the left.

6) Road to Workington from Derwentwater. It subseguently enters Bassenthwaite The village is half a mile Lake, and finally, after winding to the right.

Junction of the road froma through a pleasant country,

Workington to Cockertnouth. enters the sea at Workington.

These towns are eight miles A description of this town is 13 COCKERMOUTH, 14 froin each other. The former appended to No. VII. seated on the Derwent, at

is a sea-port, carrying on the junction of the Cocker.

considerable coasting trade. Sale Fen.

There are several extensive 10 Wheat Sheaf. 17 collieries in the neighbourhood. The valley through which the road passes, is watered by

wen, Esq. of Workington Hall. small strearn, which enters 8) BASSENTHWAITR 18) Rond to Carlisle, skirting the the kurge bay, Dear the foot of

LAKE,

fout of the lake. (Bassenthwaite Water, called

This lake is approached at Peel W'yke.

its widest part. It is four miles 8 The opposite shore to plea

Pheasant Ida. 19 in length, about three-quarten santly Indented with several

of a mile in breadth, and promontories, the three princi.

seventy-two feet in extrema pal of which are called Scar.

depth. nese, Braidness, and Bowness.

Skiddaw on its east side, furThere is a fine breadth of cul- 63 Smithy Green. 201 nishes, in combination with the uvated land, sprinkled with

water, many splendid views hamlets and solitary houses,

Beyond the head, are Wallow between the lake and the moun- The road passes along the and Falcon Crags, backed by taips.

margin of Bassenth waite Blenberry Fell and High Seal. The road traverses a thickly Water.

At the foot of Skiddaw, is Dodd

Fell, and in the distance Held wooded country, at the base of

vellyn is visible. la front of a Wythop Vells, Barf, and Lord's

portion of Skiddaw, called Long Sest. One of West's stations

Side, and near the margin of is at Beck Wythop, whence,

the lake, stand Basenthwaite says he, the whole cultivated

Church and Mirehouse, the no land, between the lake and the 39 Thornthwaite VII. 234 sidence of J. Spedding, Esq. mountains, is seen in all ita beauty, and Skiddaw appears nowhere of euch majestie height

A road, nlne miles in length, from this place.

2493 cr. the stream from 25 leads through Newlands Newlands.

Buttermere. The lower part

of the vale is pieturueque, the | Many pretty villas adorn this 13 Portinacale VIL 250 upper, wild. bitte village. From eminences in the neighbourhood, views

Long Bridge.

Grloodalo Piko, . fus objewe both of Derwentwater and les Malwine Won command.

KESWICK.

Greta Halı, the residence of the

Lete Robert Southey.
Inna,
Royal Oak, Queen's Head,

Apd King's Arm..

COCKERMOUTH, 251 Miles.

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5

Grange Bridge, and the vil- 214 lage of Grange The road

1 returns to Keswick by the west 201 Castle Crag on the right. margin of Derwent Water. Bare cowdale, a valley 6 miles long, “ From the summit of and containing 2000 acres, is this rock the views are so now entered. It is watered, in Its whole length, by the river

singularly great and pleasGrange, which, after it issues

ing, that they ought never from Derwent water, takes to be omitted." the name of Derwent. At

WEST. Castle Crag the road and the hed of the river occupy all the level portion, but beyond the vale widens considerably. Above Rosthwaite the valley divides into two branches; the eastern branch is called Stone thwaite. Borrowdale formerly belonged to Furness Abbey.

Grange Crag.

There is a good view from this eminence. Shortly before reaching this point, a rond de viates to, and passes, Dowder Stone, re-entering the main road a little beyond. This masa of rock has been likened to Astraded abip with keel up

torn' that resto Careless of winds er ware It in 2 feet long, $ feet high, and 89 foet in circumferences It has been estimated to weigh 1971 tons, and to contain 23.000 lcubie feet. The view bence is exquisitely beautiful.

Rosthwaite rill.

6

Here is a small inn. This is 194 the widest part of the valley.

The mountain Glarmara is seen in front. Seawfell Pikes, Seawoll and Great Gavel are meen over Seathwaite.

18 or. Seatollar Bridge.

Hall a mile beyond, near Borrowdale Chapel, a rad dy verges to the valley and village of Stonethwaite. Eagle Cregio a Ane rock near the latter. A mountain path proceeds over the Stake, aloity pass, fute Langdale,

Near this bridge the road into Wastdale, by Sty Head.

strikes off. 8

the well known black lead mine, and the immense Ben powdale Yem, are Dear Seato laz. The former is the only mine of the kind in England. The largest of the yewe wa feet in pinth.

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10

Yew Orag. The upper part

this vale is exceedingly wild and uncultivated.

Honister Oras, 1700 feet high. I

Here are some mluable De quarries belonging to General Wyndhato.

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