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Bosley.

Churnet Valley line 44 to Leek and Uttoxeter branches off here.

Sutton St James.

p. 219), and beyond, cr. Macclesfield Somerford Park, Sir C Carfal.

P. Shakerley, Bart.

Buglawton Hall North Rode St. 1603| North Rode Hall.

Gawsworth, Earl of Harrington.

From Macclesfield a

branch railway extends MACCLESFIELD 1659 to Cheadle Station on (see p. 227).

the Manchester

and Birmingham branch of the London and North Western line.

CIV. MANCHESTER TO BOLTON AND PRESTON, BY RAILWAY, 31 Miles.

ON RIGHT FROM MAN.

From
Preston.

Fron
Manch.

ON LEFT FROM MAN.

From Salford Station,
Manchester, to

Trafford Park, Sir H. Salford (see p. 230). Oldfield Road St., and

De Trafford, Bart River Irwell; and be

291 Pendleton St. vond, Kersall Hill, Irwell

Pendlebury.
Tlouse, and Heaton Park,
Earl of Wilton.

Branch to Bury and 264 Clifton Junction. 43 Clifton Hall, and beIlaslingden.

Dixon Fold.

yond, Worsley Hall, Earl Clifton House, and be

of Ellesmere. yond, Stand Hall. 24 Stone Clough St. 7 Kearsley Moor. Kearsley Hall.

Halshaw Moor.

Farnworth and KearsDarley Hall.

22;

Moses Gate St.
Darcy Lever, 1 m., and
Bradshawe Hall, T.
Bradshawe Isherwood,

Great Lever.
Esq., representative of

Bolton Moor
President Bradshawe, 204 BOLTON (sec p. 259). 103 Deane.
terap. Chas. 1.
Smithills Hall, P. Ains-

Hulton Park, W. Hal worth, Esq., 2 m.

ton, Esq., 2 m. Halliwell Lodge; beyund, Moss Bank. Lostock Park.

Aspull

83/ley.

ON RIGHT FROX MAXC.

From
Preston.

From
Manch.

ON LEFT FRON MAXC

161 Lostock Lane St. 141 Horwich.

Red Moss.

Haigh Hall, Earl e 147 Horwich and Black-163 Craufurd and 'Balcarre rod St.

27 miles. (See p. 251. Anderton Hall; be

Adlington Hall, R.C ‘ond, Rivington Pike,

B. Clayton, Esq., 1} m. ad Rivington Hall, 1fm. utcr. river Douglas. 121 Adlington St.

184 Ellerbeck Hall. e cr. Leeds and Duxbury Park, W. S. Liverpool Canal.

Standish, Esq.

Gillibrand Hall. 9 6 m. from Chorley, on

CHORLEY, see p. 260. 22 the road to Blackburne, is Hoghton Tower, formerly a splendid mansion, and, for several generations, the principal seat

Astley Hall, Sir II. of Sir H. B. Hoghton's

Bold Hoghton, Bart. family, but now in a ruinous condition. The eminence on which it stands commands an extensive view of the surrounding country. Shaw Hall.

6 Euxton St. 25 Euxton Hall

where the line joins
the North Union

Railway to
Cuerdon Hall, R. T. PRESTON (see p. 254.) 31
Parker, Esq.

Bolton, or Bolton-le-Moors, is said to be of Saxon origin. The principal ade is the cotton manufacture and its subsidiary branches, as bleaching, calicorinting, machine-making, &c. There are above thirty coal-mines in the parish. lackrod contains a sulphur spring. The country, for six miles round Bolton, is undergone very considerable improvement within the last few years; villages ive sprung up where there was not a dwelling, and hamlets have become the at of a dense population. Within six years, five new churches have been ected in the neighbourhood of Bolton, and besides these two or three others are ojected. Bolton has a town-hall, a theatre, and assembly-rooms, numerous jurches and meeting-houses, a free grammar-school, &c. Between Bolton and ligan are found large quantities of cannel-coal, which is often manufactured to snuff-boxes, candlesticks, &c. Bolton suffered severely in the civil wars, pecially during the great siege, when Prince Rupert and the Earl of Derby ormed the town, and dislodged the Republican troops. In consequence of this hievement, the latter was beheaded in Bolton after the battle of Worcester biton returns two M.P. Pop. in 1851, 61,171. The Manchester, Bolton, ami

Bury Canal was begun in 1791, and completed soon after. About one and a half mile N.E. of Bolton, President John Bradshawe, one of the regicides, had a seat at Bradshawe Chapel. At a place called Hall-in-the-Wood, one mile from Bolton, Samuel Crompton invented the machine called the “Mule.” A railway leads from Bolton to Leigh, and thence to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, joining it at Kenyon. Leigh is seven miles from Bolton. It enjoys a considerable share of the cotton, and a portion of the silk trade. In the church there is a private chapel of the Tyldesley family, which contains the remains of Sir Thomas Tyldesley, the distinguished royalist, who fell at the battle of Wiganlane. Pop, in 1851, 5206.

The first mile of the railway between Bolton and Preston, from its junction with the Manchester and Bolton Railway, is considered a fine specimen of engineering skill. It runs through the south-west side of the town in a curve, and crosses nine streets under as many bridges. The construction of the roofs of the bridges is much admired. They consist of cast-iron beams and present a flat surface to the eye of the spectator underneath.

CHORLEY is situated on the banks of the Chor, whence it takes its name. A family of the same name held the manor of Chorley from a very early period. The staple manufactures are cotton fabrics, muslins, jaconets, and fancy articles. There are five coal-mines in the neighbourhood, and a lead-mine at Anglezarke. The old church is an ancient building. There is a grammar-school, and several churches, meeting-houses, and charitable institutions. Pop. 1851, 8907.

CV. LIVERPOOL TO PRESTON, THROUGH ORMSKIRK, BY RAILWAY, 264 Miles.

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ON RIGHT FROM LIVER.

From
Preston,

ON LEFT FRON LIVER.

| From

Liverp.

211

Moor Hall.

To Wigan, 11 miles.

Lathom House, Lord Skelmersdale, 11 mile (see p. 251).

131

Aintree St.

cr. river Alt, and Netherton. Leeds and Liverpool

Crosby Hall, W. Blun

dell, Esg. Canal.

Ince Blundell Hall, T. Maghull St.

Weld Blundell, Esq.

Lydiate and Aughton.
Town Green St.
ORMSKIRK,

To Southport, 81 m. a market town, 12 miles

Scarisbrick Hall, c. north of Liverpool, has

Scarisbrick, Esq., 3 m. two large annual cattlefairs. The church contains the burial place of the Earls of Derby. 'Pop. 1851, 5548. Burscough St.

cr. Leeds and Liverpool Canal.

cr. Douglas
Navigation.
Rufford St. | 17 Rufford Hall, Sir T. G.
cr, river Douglas. Hesketh, Bart.
Croston St. 19 Bank Hall.

Bretherton.
Farrington Moss.

Charnock Moss.
6 miles beyond Cros-

Longton.
ton, join North Union

Hutton Hall, 2 miles. Railway and proceed Howick Hall, 2 miles. by it to

Penwortham Lodge. PRESTON (p. 254). 261 Penwortham Hall, L.

Rawstone, Esq.

St. John's.

Chorley, 7 miles.
Eccleston, 2 miles.

Leyland.
Farrington.
Walton-le-dale.

CVI. CARLISLE TO WHITEHAVEN, BY RAILWAY, 40 Miles.

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Curthwaite St.
Along valley of river

Wampool.
Cross coach road from
Carlisle to White-

haven.

ON BIGHT FROM CARL.

ON LEFT FROM CARL

1 From

Whiteh.

| From
Carlisle.

287

1194

201

21+

WIGTON St. 114

Hesket Newmarket, 10

miles distant, a small but Wigton is a small mar

neatly built market town, ket town, in which some

on the banks of the river manufacture of cotton is

Caldew. Pop. of parish, carried on. About a mile

2018. distant, at Old Carlisle, are

the remains of a Roman Waverton.

station. Pop. 1851, 4244.

Cross coach road. Bromfield, 14 mile. 24 Leegate St.

167 Langrigg

Brayton St. 187) Brayton Hall.

Allhallows, 3 miles. Aspatria.

Aspatria St. Along valley of the river Ellen,

Plumbland.
which the line crosses se-

Gilcrux.
veral times.
187!

Arkleby St.

Cross road from AllonAlonby, 2 miles dis by to Cockermouth.

To Cockermouth, 7 m tant, situated on the

(see p. 330). coast, is much resorted to 1671 Bulgill St.

1234 Tallentire Hall, W. for bathing during the

Browne, Esq, S1 m. gummer season. It commands an extensive view of the Solway Firth, with

River Ellen.
the opposite shores of
Scotland. Pop. 811.
Cross Canonby.

1411

Dearbam St. 254 Dearham, 1 mile.

2017, cr, river Ellen. Netherhall, J. P. Senhouse, Esq:

12 MARYPORT, 28 Ellenborough, a RoRiver Ellen. a small seaport town, at|

man station, gives title Shortly after leaving the mouth of the river

of Earl to the Law Maryport, the railway Ellen. It carries on con

family. approaches the sea, and siderable trade in the ex

Cockermouth, 6 miles. continues close along the port of coals to Ireland, shore, with the sea on the and has increased in size right, nearly the whole

of late years. Pop. 1851, way to Whitehaven. 5698.

Flimby is a small place, 10 Flimby St. 30

much frequented for Workington, situated

bathing during the sumon the south bank of the

mer season. Derwent, near its mouth, WORKINGTON St.

Railway to Cocker. has a good harbour, and

cr. river Derwent mouth, 8 miles, running carries on a considerable

throughout along the valtrade in coals and iron,

near its mouth.

ley of the river Dervent, the produce of the mines

Near Workington the

which it crosses several in

line recedes inland, but its neighbourhood. There is also an extensive

again approaches the shore times. salmon fishery. Pop. 1 mile before reaching

Distington, 2 miles 1851, 5887. On the east 411 Harrington St. 354 near it, Lilly Hall and side of the town is Work

Hays Castle. ington Hall, H. Curwen,

cr. Lowca Beck. Esq., beautifully situated

| Moresby, near which is op an elevation near the 1

Parton St. 387 the site of a Roman sta

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