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One mile distant is Rugby, a market-town in the county of Warwick, famous for its grammar-school, founded in the reign of Elizabeth by Lawrence Sheriff. The school is now considered one of the best in the kingdom. The late celebrated scholar, Dr. Arnold, author of the History of Rome, &c., was one of its head masters. Adjacent to the town is an eminence called Castle Mount, from its having originally been the site of a castle supposed to have been erected in the time of King Stephen. The Midland Counties, the Trent Valley, the Stamford and the Leamington Railways commence here. Pop. of Rugby 1851, 6317. One mile and a half from Rugby is Bilton Hall, remarkable as having been the residence of Addison. In the garden is a long avenue called Addison's Walk, this having been his favourite promenade. To Dunchurch, three miles. Trent Valley line joins.

Branch to LeamingNewbold Grange.

Newbold Hall, Sir T.
G. Skipwith, Bart.

Holbrook Grange, T.
Caldecott, Esq.

231 Brandon Station. 897| Brandon Hamlet.
At a distance, Combe
Abbey (Earl Craven).

Sowe Viaduct.

Whitley Abbey, Vis. count Hood.


Branch to Nuneaton. 185 COVENTRY (see p. 199). 94 Branch to Warwick.

To Southam, 13 miles.

To Kenilworth,6 miles.
Allesley Park, E. V. 15 Allesley Gate Station. 974
Neale, Esq.

Berkswell Hall, Sir J. 131 Dooker's Lane Station. 99
E. Eardley Wilmot, Bart.
At a distance, Packing-

cr. Woonton Green ton Pa., Earl of Ayles

Viaduct. ford.

The Birmingham and 9: Hampton Junction St. 1037) Derby Junction branches og here. 6 Marston-Green Station. 1061 Elmdon Hall, A.

Spooner Lillingston, Esq. 31 Stechford Station. 109

BIRMINGHAM St. 1127| BIRMINGHAM, a large commercial and manufacturing city, is situated in

north-east corner of Warwickshire. It is seventy-nine miles south-east from Liverpool, and the same distance north-east from Bristol, both in a straight line. As Birmingham is nearly in the centre of England, its situation is elevated. The soil around it is light, but has lately been much improved. The appearance of the city itself is mean-a great multitude of the houses being inhabited by workmen. St. Martin's church is the only building of great antiquity. Its exterior is poor, having in 1690 been cased with a covering of bricks to preserve it from falling. The spire alone remains in its original state, a graceful monument of olden architecture. The interior is grand and imposing, though disfigured by a coating of plaster and by tawdry ornaments. St. Philip's Church is an elegant building, and, in the opinion of many, forms the chief architectural ornament of the city. Besides these two, there are upwards of 12 churches and chapels belonging to the Established Church, and forty-five Dissenting chapels, several of them elegant in form. Till lately, Birmingham possessed few public buildings worthy of notice, but the citizens are adding to their number. The town-hall is a splendid edifice of the Corinthian order, the material being Anglesea marble. Its length is 166 feet, breadth 104 feet, and height 83 feet. The saloon, 140 feet long, 65 feet wide, and 65 feet high, contains one of the largest organs in Europe. The grammar-school is a fine Gothic edifice, designed by Mr. Barry, and erected at an expense of L.4000. The theatre, the banks, the libraries, Society of Arts, &c. are also worthy of notice. The schools in Birmingham are numerous and flourishing. Among these may be mentioned the free grammar school founded and chartered by Edward VI. Its income derived from land is L.3000 per annum; the Blue Coat School and the Protestant Dissenter's charity school are supported by subscriptions. There are several associations for moral and intellectual improvement, such as a mechanic's institution with a library of more than 1500 rolumes, the Society of Arts, and a philosophical institution. The old library contains above 30,000 volumes, and the new library above 5000. The savings banks, and provident institutions and societies, are numerous and highly beneficial. There are also many charitable institutions well supported. The Dispensary, Humane Society, and Magdalen Institution merit great praise. From a very early period Birmingham has been renowned for its manufactures in steel, iron, &c. This trade is now carried on to an extent elsewhere unequalled. The principal branches of it are, plate and plated wares, ornamented steel goods, jewellery, japannery, papier maché, cut-glass ornaments, steel-pens, buckles and buttons, cast-iron articles, guns and pistols, steam-engines, toys, &c. Birmingham is connected with London and various places by means of canals, and forms a centre of railway communication with every part of the kingdom. The railway from London to Birmingham, which was opened in 1837, is now amalgamated with the Grand Junction line, the two forming the London and North Western Railway, Birmingham returns two M.P. The population in 1831 was 110,914; including the suburbs, 138,252. In 1841 it was 182,922 ; and in 1851, 232,841.

The journey is performed in about five hours. Omnibuses leave the following offices in London and Birmingham for the railway stations. London offices: -Spread Eagle, Gracechurch Street ; Cross-Keys Wood Street ; Bolt-in-Tun, Fleet Street ; Swan with Two Necks, Lad Lane ; George and Blue Boar, Holborn ; Spread Eagle, Regent Circus ; Golden Cross, Charing Cross ; and Green Man and Still, Oxford Street. Birmingham offices :-Swan, Castle, Hen and Chickens, Albion, and Nelson.




cr. the Essington

and Wirley Canal. 8531

Bloxwich. 1203 Forward to Cannock, 1 811 Church Bridge.

(124) Hilton Hall. mile. To Castle Bromwich, 15 miles

To Wolverhampton, 74 798 Four Crosses Inn. 1269 miles, Brewood, 24 miles. Hatherton Hall, and be

2 miles distant Somerford

Jyond, Teddesley Hall, Lord

Spread Eagle.

(129 2 miles distant Stretton Hall.

London and North I mile south of Ivetsey Western Railway. where the Penderells lived 724 Ivetsey Bank.

1341 who concealed Charles II. after the battle of Worces. 70Weston under Lizard. [1364| Weston ! ter. In a field near thel

Bradford. house is the Royal Oak,






planted on the original spot from an acorn of the tree in which Charles was sheltered. The existing re

Bloomsbury. 139;| To Shiffhal, 41 miles, presentatives of this family Enter Shropshire.

Woodcote Hall, John had a small pension grant

otes, Esq. ed to them a few years 607


The ruins of Lilleshall ngo.


Abbey, belonging to the a small town near the Roman

Duke of Sutherland, one Aqualate Hall, Sir T. F. 641 Watling Street, possesses ai 142 lof the finest vestiges of lold church, (part of which

Norman architecture in X. Boughey, Bart. has been rebuilt in such a

the kingdom. To Stafford, 124 miles.

2 miles distant Lillesst le as totally to destroy To Eccleshall, 94 miles.

ball, Duke of Sutherland. its venerable character, land Newport affords the title

To Wellington, 8 miles, several other places of worbf Viscount to the Earls of

thence to Shrewsbury, 18 ship. The humorous poet, miles. Bradford.

Tom Brown, is said by some Longford Hall, R. M
to have been born liere; (Leake, Esq.
but others affirm that Shina
nal was his birth-place.

Pop. 1851, 2906.
Chetwynd Park,

Chetwynd. 1437 Borough, Esq.

601 Stanford Bridge. 1461 To Drayton, 41 miles.


1148 56] Shakeford.

11501 541 Sutton Heath. 152

cr. river Tern. To Drayton, 3 miles. Buntingsdale Hall, J. 52|| Tern Hill.

1154| To Shrewsbury, 16 m., Tayleur, Esq.

Wellington, 141 miles. Io Whitchurch by Ight

Bletchley. field, 8 miles. 2 miles distant, Cloverly Hall, J. W. Dod, Esq.

9 miles distant Hawkey Sandford Hail. 481 Sandford. 1581

stone (Viscount Hill), cele 4432 Great Ash.

brated for its combination
of natural and artificial
beauties. In the grounds!
there is an obelisk sur-
mounted by a statue of Sir
R. Hill, first Protestant
Lord Mayor of London.

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To Newcastle under Lyme, 22 m.,-Nantwich, 11 m.,-Chester, 20 m.,Malpas, 5 miles.

which ce, at intuated on

At a distance, Comber ! mere Abbey, Viscount Combermere.

Scr. the Ellesmere

Nis pleasantly situated on an
eminence, at the summit of
which stands the church, a
handsome edifice rebuilt in
1722, on the site of a more
ancient structure. It con-
tains several effigies of the
Talbots, one of which is
to the memory of the fa-
mous Earl of Shrewsbury,
" the English Achilles."
flere are also a house of in-
dustry, a free school, meet-

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sing-houses, chanty schools,

and alms-houses.' Pop. of Iseoed Park.

town, 1851, 3619.
Little Green.

1 mile distant Hanmer

Hall, Sir J. Hanmer, Bart. Emral Park, Sir R. Pu.

Grelington, Lord Kenpleston, Bart.

yon, and Bettisfield Park, 321 Bangor Iscoed, (Flint- 1741

Sir J. Hanmer, Bart. shire.)

cr, the river Dee. Cefn.

309 Marchwiel, (Denbigh- 1761 To Ellesmere, 10 miles. shire.)

Erthig, S. Yorke, Esq. The church contains several monuments, and a stained glass window, executed by

Eggerton. To Chester by Holt 14 27 WREXHAM, miles, by Pulford 114 m. a flourishing town, noted

To Oswestry, 15 m.,for its fairs. The principal

Llangollen, 12 miles,1 mile distant, Acton

Ruthin, 16 miles. object is the church, a noble Park, Sir R. H. Cunliffe, structure of the fifteenth

Another road, 24 miles Bart.) the birth-place of century, surmounted by a

in length, leads from the infamous Judge Jef- tower of great beauty. The

Wrexham by Ruthin, 3 treys, beyond, - Moseley

miles shorter than the road interior is highly ornamented, and contains a superb

by Mold. Ruthin is situ

ated on the declivity of altar piece, besides a number of monuments of pecu

hill in the vale of Clwyd liar beauty. Pop. of Parl.

The principal objects are

the church, the town-hall. bor. 1851, 6714. Both

the free school which hasi Wrexham and Ruthin are included in the Denbigh

produced many eminent

scholars, and the remains district of burghs. (See of the castle. Pop. of Parl. also p. 148.)

bor. 1851, 3373.

2 m. Gwersyllt Hall. .

from Ruthin is Pool Park,

Lord Bagot. 224 Caergwrle, (Flintsh.) 184

Leeswood, J. W. Eyton, Plas Issa.


and beyond Nerquis

Hall Tower.
There is another road



a small neat town, with a from Mold to Denbigh by church containing some Allen Kilken, Llangwyfan,

good monuments. In the Landyrnog,' and Whit

To Ruthin, 8 miles. vicinity are cotton-milis. elurch, 3 miles shorter

On an eminence called the than the route described.

Moel Fammau is a monu-
ment, erected in honour of

the Geo. III. jubilee. Pop. Llwynegrın.

of Par, bor. 1851, 3432. It Rhual.

forms one of the Flint dis-
Gwysaney Hall, P. D.
trict of burghs.

Rhual Issa
Cooke, Eng
Kijken Hall

Halkyn Castle, Marquis
94 Nannerch.

1197 To Caerwys, 1 mile.

Moel-y-Gaer mounta 1280) feet high. The sy mit has upon it fine remains of a mi I work.

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