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To Dunstable, 11 miles.

In Great Berkhampstead,
Three miles distant is
Bishop Ken and Cowper

Ashlyn's Hall, A. Ashridge Park, the seat the poet were born. Here

Smith, Esq. of the late Duke of

are the remains of a castle, Bridgewater, and after

formerly the residence of wards of the late Earl of

the kings of Mercia. The Bridgewater, occupies church contains numerous the site of an ancient

brasses and other monubuilding, formerly a mo

ments. Pop. 1851, 2943. nastery, which, after the Reformation, became the seat of royalty, and was the frequent residence

North Church Tunnel, of Queen Elizabeth when Princess. In 1602, it

360 yards in length. passed to the Lord Chan-804 TRING STATION. cellor EUesmere, an an- From Tring, an elevated cestor of the Bridgewater ridge of ground, called the

To Aylesbury, 9 miles. family. This fine estate Chiltern Hills, extends to is now held by the Earl of Oxfordshire. To suppress

To Wendover, 6 miles. Brownlow.

the banditti who formerly
infested this place, an offi-

Tring Park, a beautiful cer, called the Steward of To Ivinghoe, 22 miles; the Chiltern Hundreds, was

seat, adorned with pleas

ing scenery. Danstable, 9 miles.

appointed by the Crown. Tring is 14 miles dis- The duties have long since tant from the station.

ceased; but the office is reIt is a very ancient place,

tained to enable any mernand is supposed to be of

ber of Parliament to resign Roman origin. It has a

his seat. fine church with carved 767 Cheddington Junction 367 Here is the junction roof, and several monu


of the Aylesbury with the ments. Pop. 1851, 3218. 72 Leighton Junction St. 401 Birmingham Railway. Ivinghoe.

Mentmore, the Baron LEIGHTON BUZZARD. Meyer de Rothschild. To Dunstable, 9 miles.

To Wing, 6} miles. To Dunstable, 7 miles.

Liscombe Park, H. W. To Ampthill, 18 miles.

Lovett, Esq. To Bedford, 26 miles.

Leighton Buzzard is half a mile from the station, and is situated in the northeastern extremity of the county of Bedford, on the banks of the Ouzel. Here is a pentagonal cross of curious architecture. The church is a very old building, containing a font, stone-stalls, &c. The Grand Junction Canal passes close to the town. Pop. of township, 1851, 4465. Seven miles from the station is Woburn, a small but neat town. It is a place of some antiquity, and has been twice destroyed by fire. The church is a venerable building, entirely covered with ivy. It contains several monuments, and an altar-piece by Carlo Maratti. The inhabitants of Woburn are chiefly employed in lace-making. Woburn Abbey, the seat of the Duke of Bedford, is a magnificent quadrangular building, and contains a splendid collection of paintings, statues, busts, &c. The park is 12 miles in circumference, and is well stocked with deer. Battlesden Park. Sir Linslade Tunnel,

Stoke Hamr
E. H. Page Turner, Bart. 290 yards in 'ength. Enter

Great Brickl

P. D. P. Dupcr






Fenny Stratford. 65% Bletchley Junction St. 46 Branches to Banbury, Newport Pagnell, 4

31. m.; and to Buckingmiles. Olney, 9 miles

ham and Oxford, 31} m. 60 WOLVERTON St. 521 Stony Stratford, 2 m.

This is the company's Buckingham, 9 miles, central station, where they Stony Stratford is sihave extra engines, work- tuated on the Ouse. shops, &c. Ten minutes Many of the inhabitants are usually allowed at this are employed in lace station. Here are female making. attendants,* and refresh- Four miles distant from ments and every accommo- Stony Stratford, but in dation may be obtained. Northamptonshire, is

Wakefield Lodge, the seat

of the Duke of Grafton.

cross Wolverton Wolverton House. Linford House, and

Viaduct, 660 feet in length. Stoke Park, and beyond. beyond, Gayhurst Park,

Easton Neston, a seat of the Lord Carington.

Enter Northampton- Earl of Pomfret, which fer Castle Thorpe.


merly contained a splendid

collection of ancient paintHanslope House.

ings and marbles. given by A Countess or Portret, in 1785, to the University of Oxford. The adjoining

church contains several curs 52} ROADE Station. 60

ous and interesting modementa.

1 mile from the latter is Courteen Hall, Sir C. 493 Blisworth Junction St. 63

Tovee ter, situated on the Wake, Bart.

ancient Watling Street, near Bugbrook Suspension the river Tow To Northampton, 4 m.

The ebureh

contains a monuent in me. Market Harborough,


mory of Wm. Sponue, who 21 miles.

founded a college in this town Stowehill Tunnel, in the time of Henry VI. 500 yards in length

Pop. 1851, 2478

To Towcester 4 miles. 423 WEEDON Station. 69 Everdon Hall.

Weedon has handsome To Northampton, 74 m.

To Daventry, 4 miles, and extensive barracks, near which are the very Brockhall, T. R. Thorngarrisoned by a regiment of

perfect remains of Roton, Esq.

the line, and a demi-field man field works on WatAt a distance Althorp

battery of artillery. It has (Earl Spencer). There

ling Street; Southam, also an extensive powder is a fine picture gallery,

14 miles; Leamington, and a still finer library

magazine, and is a depot 21 miles; Warwick, 23 m.

of arms. here.

1} mile distant is Stowe Nine Churches, containing a beautiful monument to the memory of

Elizabeth, daughter of cross Birmingham

Lord Latimer. The scalpand Holyhead road.

tor of this exquisite work

being unknown. Crick Station. 751 Norton Hall, B Bot

Crick is the choice field, Esq. 14 mile distant is the “ meet” of the Pytchley Ashby St Leger, in the village of Crick. hunt.

church of which is a moThe hill through which

nument to Sir W.Catesby, this tunnel is carried

Kilsby Tunnel,

beheaded at Leicester forms a portion of the 1 mile 640 yards in length, after the battle of Bas| high ground which sepa- 24 feet wide, and 22 feet in worth Field (see p. 198).

• Females are also in attendance at the London, Watford, Rugby, Coventry, and Birming. ham Stations. ,

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ON LEFT FROM LOND. height above the rails, and

cost upwards of £300,000. rates the waters of the

Enter Warwickshire.
Avon from those of the
Ouse and Nen,

Scross Oxford and
Stamford line branches Coventry Canal.

To Lutterworth, 7 m.; 294 RUGBY Junction St. 828 Hill Moreton. to Market Harboro', 19 m.

Midland Railway joins.


One mile distant is Rugby, a market-town in the county of Warwick, famous for its grammar-school, founded in the reign of Elizabeth by Lawrence Sheriff. The school is now considered one of the best in the kingdom. The late celebrated scholar, Dr. Arnold, author of the History of Rome, &c., was one of its head masters. Adjacent to the town is an eminence called Castle Mount, from its having originally been the site of a castle supposed to have been erected in the time of King Stephen. The Midland Counties, the Trent Valley, the Stamford and the Leamington Railways commence here. Pop. of Rugby 1851, 6317. One mile and a half from Rugby is Bilton Hall, remarkable as having been the residence of Addison. In the garden is a long avenue called Addison's Walk, this having been his favourite promenade. To Dunchurch, three miles. Trent Valley line joins.

Branch to LeamingNewbold Grange.

Newbold Hall, Sir T.
G. Skipwith, Bart.

Holbrook Grange, T.
Caldecott, Esq.

231 Brandon Station. 891 Brandon Hamlet.
At a distance, Combe
Abbey (Earl Craven).

Sowe Viaduct.

Whitley Abbey, Vis

count Mood. Branch to Nuneaton. 183 COVENTRY (see p. 199). 94

Branch to Warwick.
To Southam, 13 miles.

To Kenilworth,6 miles.
Allesley Park, E. V. 15 Allesley Gate Station. 974
Neale, Esq.

Berkswell Hall, Sir J. 131 Dooker's Lane Station. 99
E. Eardley Wilmot, Bart.
At a distance, Packing-

cr. Woonton Green ton Pa., Earl of Ayles

Viaduct. ford.

The Birmingham and 9; Hampton Junction St. 1031 Derby Junction branches og here. 6 Marston-Green Station. 1061 Elmdon Hall, A.

Spooner Lillingston, Esq. 81 Stechford Station. 109

BIRMINGHAM St. 1127 BIRMINGHAM, a large commercial and manufacturing city, is situated in the north-east corner of Warwickshire. It is seventy-nine miles south-east from Liverpool, and the same distance north-east from Bristol, both in a straight line. As Birmingham is nearly in the centre of England, its situation is elevated. The soil around it is light, but has lately been much improved. The appearance of the city itself is mean—a great multitude of the houses being inhabited by workmen. St. Martin's church is the only building of great antiquity. Its exterior is poor, having in 1690 been cased with a covering of bricks to preserve it from falling. The spire alone remains in its original state, a graceful monument of olden architecture. The interior is grand and imposing, though disfigured by a coating of plaster and by tawdry ornaments. St. Philip's Church is an elegant building, and, in the opinion of many, forms the chief architectural ornament of the city. Besides these two, there are upwards of 12 churches and chapels belonging to the Established Church, and forty-five Dissenting chapels, several of them elegant in form. Till lately, Birmingham possessed few public buildings worthy of notice, but the citizens are adding to their number. The town hall is a splendid editice of the Corinthian order, the material being Anglesea marble. Its length is 166 feet, breadth 104 feet, and height 83 feet. The saloon, 140 feet long, 65 feet wide, and 65 feet high, contains one of the largest organs in Europe. The grammar-school is a fine Gothic edifice, designed by Mr. Barry, and erected at an expense of L.4000. The theatre, the banks, the libraries, Society of Arts, &c. are also worthy of notice. The schools in Birmingham are numerous and flourishing. Among these may be mentioned the free grammar school founded and chartered by Edward VI. Its income derived from land is L.3000 per annum; the Blue Coat School and the Protestant Dissenter's charity school are supported by subscriptions. There are several associations for moral and intellectual improvement, such as a mechanic's institution with a library of more than 1500 rolumes, the Society of Arts, and a philosophical institution. The old library contains above 30,000 volumes, and the new library above 5000. The savings banks, and provident institutions and societies, are numerous and highly beneficial. There are also many charitable institutions well supported. The Dispensary, Humane Society, and Magdalen Institution merit great praise. From a very early period Birmingham has been renowned for its manufactures in steel, iron, &c. This trade is now carried on to an extent elsewhere unequalled. The principal branches of it are, plate and plated wares, ornamented steel goods, jewellery, japannery, papier maché, cut-glass ornaments, steel-pens, buckles and buttons, cast-iron articles, guns and pistols, steam-engines, toys, &c. Birmingham is connected with London and various places by means of canals, and forms a centre of railway communication with every part of the kingdom. The railway from London to Birmingham, wbich was opened in 1837, is now amalgamated with the Grand Junction line, the two forming the London and North Western Railway. Birmingham returns two M.P. The population in 1831 was 110,914; including the suburbs, 138,252. In 1841 it was 182,922; and in 1851, 232,841.

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