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East Bourne is a fashionable sea-bathing place, situated in a valley at the extremity of the South Downs. It has a handsome church, in which are some monuments and a singular font. The bathing here is remarkably good ; and it has also the advantage of a chalybeate spring. To the west of East Bourne is Beachy-Head, the loftiest cliff on this coast. It is 573 feet in height, and contains several caverns. Six miles east of East Bourne is Pevensey Castle, a fine specimen of ancient architecture. The date of its erection is unknown, but, from the quantity of Roman brick employed in the work, it is supposed to have been constructed out of some Roman fortress. The town and castle of Pevensey were conferred by William the Conqueror on his half-brother, Robert Farl of Montainge and Cornwall. They were afterwards forfeited to the Crown, and Henry III. granted them to his son Prince Edward and his heirs, Kings of England, so that they should never more be separated from the Crown. Not withstanding of this, however, they were settled on the celebrated John of Gaunt. For many years Pevensey Castle was held by the Pelhams. It then came to Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, and ultimately descended by marriage to the Duke of Devonshire. Six miles from Pevensey and 12 from East Bourne are the ruins of Hurstmonceux Castle, formerly a fortress of great magnificence and strength. Till 1777 it was the most perfect and regular castellated mansion in the kingdom ; but about that period the roof was taken down, and the interior completely stript by the proprietor, the Rev. Mr Hare, who employed the materials thus obtained in the erection of some additional rooms in the modern mansion-house. The church contains some curious monuments of the family of Fiennes. Hurstmonceux is now the property of H. M. Curteis, Esq, who manifests a praiseworthy zeal in the preservation of its ruins.
The nearest road to East Bourne, and that which is most travelled, is through Fast Grinstead and Uckfield (see page 20). Its distance from London by the route is 61 miles. The population of East Bourne parish in 1851 was 3433.
XIV. LONDON TO BRIGHTON THROUGH CROYDON AND CUCKFIELD, 511
ON RIGHT FROM LOND.
ON LEFT FROM LOND.
To Brighton through! Hickstead, 24 miles.
London to Merstham. 178
At the 19th milestone, to
Brighton, through Rcigate. Near on Red-Hill Com
Friar's Oak Inn. Danny, w. J. Campion, 631 Clayton. Wooksonbury Beacon.
CRAWLEY, AND HICKSTEAD, 524 Miles
Westminster Bridge to 43 CROYDON.
91 Up. Gatton House, W Currie, Esq. 345 Merstham.
211 Gatton is remarkable as
The church contains se having possessed the privi- veral costly monuments. A lege of sending 2 M. P's. castle formerly stood here, while it had seven electors. but no part of the building
now remains. The Priory (Earl Somers) stands on the site of a convent of Augustines. Reigate returns
one M. P. Pop. 1851, 4927. Charlwood House, J. At the County Oak, Fraser, Esq.
enter Sussex. To Horsham, 7 miles.
CRAWLEY. 29Tilgate Lodge.
cr. a branch of 22!
111 HICKSTEAD. 400 Albourne Place.
Stanmer Park, Earl of
XVI. LONDON TO BRIGHTON THROUGH SUTTON, REIGATE, AND
CUCKFIELD 524 Miles.
ON RIGHT FROM LOND,
ON LEFT FROM LOND.
6 At a distance Mordon
Beddington Park, C. H.
Scr. river Wandle,
Carshalton church con1111
tains a handsome monument to the Gaynesford
Banstead Downs. The Oaks (formerly a Nork lo. E. of Egmont. 393 Obelisk,
13 seat of the Earls of Derby), Tadworth Court.
a noble mansion, com
manding fine views. 34
Walton Heath. |18 333 Gatton Inn. 119 Upper Gatton House,
W. Currie, Esq. Gatton, a famous nomination borough, now dis-312
Gation Pa, a noble manFranchised.
REIGATE. 21 sion, the approach to which Thence to Brighton by is thought toequal anything Crawley and Cuck
of the kind in the kingdom,
the seat of Lord Monson. field