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Saptan, navan, and dashan, and all other numerals ending in an, follow the declension of panchan.
Ekādashan, ll; dwādashan, 12; trayodashan, 13; chaturdashan, 14; panchadashan, 15; shodashan (ATS ), 16; saptadashan, 17; ashtādashan, 18; navadashan or ūnavinshati, 19; vinshati (fögufat), 20; trinshat (fagia), 30; chatvārinshat (Frifia), 40; panchāshat (Tanga), 50 ; shashti (aft), 60; saptati (Hafat), 70; ashīti (ugfa), 80; navati (aara), 90; shata, n. (gra), 100; sahasra, n. (HEH), 1000. As from dashan, “ten,” are formed ekādashan, dwūdashan, trayodashan, &c., so from vinshati, “twenty,” are formed ekavinshati, “twentyone "; dwāvinshati, “twenty-two "; trayovinshati, “twenty-three,” &c. But due regard must be paid to the laws of combination; thus,
shadvinshati (arggla), 26; trayastrinshat, 33; șhattrinshat, 36 ; chatushchatwārinshat, 44; chatuhpanchāshat (ag:utga), 54; trayahsaptati (q:anfa), 73; tryashīti (zugrifa), 83 ; panchāshāti, 85; shannavati (quafa), 96.
Vinshati (20), and trinshat (30), are declined like fem. nouns of the third and fifth classes, usually in the singular. As, gruar faguri fruta, “he infixed twenty arrows." Shata (100), sahasra (1000), are neut. nouns of the first class, usually declined in the sing.; as, He funct:, “ a thousand ancestors ": or they may govern a genitive case; as, Hee faqçui (cf. the use of the Latin mille).
74. Ordinals. Prathama, “first "; dwitīya, "second"; tritiya, “third "; are declined as pronominals (see r. 87.).
Chaturtha, “ fourth" (cf. TÉTaptos); panchama, “fifth "; şhashtha (18), “ sixth "; saptama, “ seventh "; aşhtama, “eighth "; navama, " ninth "; dashama," tenth "; like nouns of the first class (nom. -ah, -z, -am).
The ordinals from “eleventh” to “twentieth,” are formed from the cardinals, by rejecting the final n; thus, ekādasha (nom. -ah, -ē, -am).
“Twentieth" is formed, either by adding the superlative affix tama to the cardinal, as vinshatitama; or by rejecting the final, and leaving vinsha (nom. -ah, -í, -am). So also trinshattama or trinsha, “thirtieth.” Similarly “fortieth ” and “fiftieth.” The other decimal cardinals form the ordinals either by adding tama, or by changing ti to ta; as, saptatitama or saptata, “seventieth.”
FORMATION OF THE CRUDE. PRONOUNS have no crude state analogous to that of nouns, that is, no state distinct from all inflexion, serving as the basis on which all the cases are constructed.
The question then arises, what form of the pronoun is used in the formation of compound words. In the pronouns of the first and second persons, the ablative cases, singular and plural, and in the other pronouns, the nominative and accusative cases neuter, are considered as expressive of the most general and comprehensive state of the pronoun. These cases, therefore, discharge the office of a crude, and are constantly found at the commencement of compound words.
76. pa twat, “thou,” is taken for the crude of the sing, ; and 4 yuşhmat, “you,” for the crude of the plural of the second personal pronoun.
* The acc. sing. may also be at; the dat., gen. À; the acc., dat., gen. dual ail; the acc., dat., gen. plur. 9: (cf. Lat. nos).
* The acc. sing. may also be rat; the dat. gen. À; the acc., dat., gen. dual ai ; the acc., dat., gen. plur. a: (cf. Lat. vos).
79. The third personal pronoun na tat, “he,” declined above, is constantly used in a demonstrative sense, to signify “that” or “this "; and by prefixing e to it, another common pronoun is formed still more strongly demonstrative; as, nom. Pa: eshah (r. 30.), en etau, ca ete"; acc. Pri etam, &c.; ins. paa etena, &c.
There is another very common demonstrative pronoun, of which didam, “this,” the nom. case neuter, is considered to be the crude, but is never used as such.
* The acc. m. may be er, the acc. f. Cai. + This pronoun affords the only example of the old form for the instr. plur. of