Imatges de pÓgina

compelled to handle and air the whole of their susceptible effects. The persons employed in conveying provisions, were selected from families most removed from suspicion ; they were carefully separated from the mass of the population, and placed ander a guard. Each family received its supplies in reservoirs formed at their respective doors, so that no personal communication took place.-Meat, eggs, fruit and vegetables, were previously steeped in water. Those, whose duties called them into hourly contact with the sick, were protected by the free use of oil and tarred dresses; and few, who persevered in this system, were attacked-no length of intercourse however hardened the constitution of any who ulti. mately neglected these precautions ; and, after two months exposure in safety, an over confidence brought many to the grave.

We shall conclude, with a single additional proof which Mr. Tally quotes, on the authority of Dr. Greaves. It was communicated to Dr. Maclean, the author of “Results of an Investigation respecting Epidemic and Pestilential Diseases;" but as the fact militated against the learned Doctor's theory, it was unnoticed in his publication. The lower apartments in the military hospital at Valetta, during the plague in Malta, were occupied by sick inhabitants of the town: between fifty and sixty of these patients died of the plague. Of the inmates of the military hospital, between whom and the tenants below all intercourse was effectually prohibited, not one sickened of the disease. We will not weaken this stateinent by any unnecessary comment.

Arr. IX.-A Letter to Charles Abel Moysey, D.D.

Archdeacon of Bath, on the Subject of an Attack made by him upon the Catholics, in a Charge to the Clergy of the Deanery of Bedminster, at the Visitation of the Archdeacon, June 21, 1821. By the Rev. Peter Baynes.

Second Edition. ls. 6d. Gye. Bath. X.-A Letter to the Rev. Peter Baynes, in Reply to one

lately addressed by him to the Rev. Doctor Moysey,

Archdeacon of Bath. Wood and Co. Bath. 1821. Some thirty years ago, there lived in the west of England, in a part of the country where the babits of the people were remarkable for propriety and innocence, a Mr. M, very consequential petty magistrato. It was impossible to

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converse with him, without hearing a long discourse upor the weight of bis official duties, and the importance of a strict enforcement of the laws. And yet, there never was a magistrate, for the exercise of whose functions there was less occasion; and in bis whole vicinity, there was not one person who was so great a violator of the laws, as bis worship himself.

When he was sitting in an open window of his parlour, reading an order which was just published, for a more rigorous enforcement of the act of Parliament, imposing fines on profane swearers, he overheard, but with much indistinctness, part of the conversation of a group of honest villagers, who were assembled at a short distance from bis house. One of the rustics was assuring another, of the strict attention he should pay to some business entrusted to bim ; and declared that he was determined to set about it “ by sun-rise next morning." By what ?exclaimed the magistrate, who had just heard enough to fancy that an oath was sworn by the peasant-" By what?" he exclaimed, springing from his seat, and brandishing the printed order in his hand. His anger suddenly rose, for he was extremely choleric : "the act of Parliament,” said he, “is insulted even in the hearing of the MAGISTRACY!” He rushed from his house, uttering, according to his constant custom, when he was angry, a volley of imprecations and oaths, of which, from the effect of vicious babit, he was unconscious; and vehemently he swore to the innocent rustic, that he would “ fine him for swearing.

With feelings somewhat similar to those which we experienced on hearing this anecdote of the unfortunate blustering magistrate, have we perused a Letter addressed to Dr. Moysey, Archdeacon of Bath, by the Rev. P. Baynes, a Priest of the Church of Rome. It may well be classed with those examples of excessive inconsistency and folly, which produced the most copious flow of tears from Heraclitus, or gave the fullest play to the risible faculties of Democritus. By the way, as we have mentioned, those very observant and philosophic personages, we take leave to remark, that according to our apprehension, even the feeling and sentimental Heraclitus migbt lave found better employment, in turning occasionally bis observant powers upon his own errors, and weeping for his own follies, than in shedding all his tears for the weaknesses of his neighbours; and that the smiling Democritus might have passed his time at least as well as he did, if he had sometimes amused himself with looking into his own bosom, and laughing at himself. But, to hope to 'find self-condemnation in the conduct of these conceited may

philosophers, or perhaps of any philosophers, (we beg the philosophers' pardon,) would be as vain as to expect from another class of persons far more interesting, and on whose errors we should touch with much more reluctance, (we mean the fair sex,) that they should use their mirrors, for the purpose of discovering, if possible, personal deformities in them. selves, as lessons of humility.

In truth, such is the inconsistency, such the unreasonable selfishness of human nature, that they who deal most largely in the abuse of their neighbours, may be generally observed to receive with the greatest degree of soreness, and to resent with the greatest degree of acrimony, any censure directed against themselves; and the faults for which men can least endure the voice of just reproof, are often found to be precisely those with which they are in the habit of reproaching others.

Strong proofs of this inconsistency and selfishness be seen, in virulent publications, which have lately issued from the press, grossly maligning our religion and our Clergy. Some of these performances, in which the ESTABLISHED Church and her ministers are described as uncharitable, intolerant, slanderous, persecuting, are the handywork of certain Popish Clergymen amongst us, who make this gratefal use of the liberty for which they are indebted to the mild and tolerant spirit of that Church. We rejoice that our fellow-subjects of the Church of Rome, do enjoy the blessings of toleration and liberty: but we suggest to the reverend advocates of popery, if they must be censorious, to seek for other subjects of abuse than the Church of ENGLAND and her Clergy. They seem resolved to declaim against intoJerance and persecution : let them look to their own system, and discuss the deformities they may find there : and then let them abandon those most intolerant and persecuting dogmas, to which they still so obstinately adhere; and which, by their influence over the powers of the State, once afflicted England with the most cruel tyranny, and left á fearful brand upon her history. This advice we should give to all the Clergy of the Church of Rome in these countries, and particolarly to a Rev. Mr. P. Baynes, whose curious and angry production we are to introduce to the notice of our readers.

Previously, however, to the consideration of the causes which have excited this irritable gentleman's wrath, and produced the effusion with which he has favoured the public; we beg leave to make a brief statement of some of the charges contained in anthorised books of the Church of Rome, now published and circulated in these countries, against the ProTESTANT RELIGION, her members, and ministers.

The charges, to which we particularly allude, are as follow-that, the Protestant Religion is an heresy, inspired by the Devil, a damnable revolt and rebellion against the rightful Spiritual Governors; that the Protestant Service is heretical and damnable *; that all voluntary and stedfast Protestants are heretics, and schismatics, and that on each account they must all be damned hereaftert; that even the prayers of such Protestants (meaning voluntary and stedfast Protestants,) cannot be heard by heaven I: that since they are heretics, their " deadly tongues” are to be considered as “the gates of hell S," which, the Redeemer foretold, should not prevail against his Church, viz. the Church of Rome ex, clasively; that this heresy, of which all voluntary and sted. fast Protestants are guilty, is a crime than which there is not one more black in the sight of beaven: that the Protestant Bishops and Clergy are leaders of a damnable revolt and rebellion, against the Redeemer's Catholic Church ; preachers of heresy and blasphemy; rendering even the good creatures of God execrable by their consecration; profaners of the churches; intruders and usurpers ; cast off by the Apostles, as enemies ; denounced by the Divine Word, as thieves and robbers; murderers of souls ; and ministers of the Devil ; that “ to receive the bread and wine of the new,” (meaning PROTESTANT,)“ communion, is a kind of idolothyta, that is, idolatrous meats;" that “though such creatures be good by creation, yet they are made execrable by the profane blessing of heretics or idolaters:" that " the good must tolerate the evil, when it is so strong that it cannot be suppressed without danger and disturbance of the whole Church," (meaning the Church of Rome,) " and commit the matter to God's judgment in the latter day; otherwise, where ill men, be they heretics or other malefactors, may be punished or sappressed, without disturbance and hazard of the good, they may and ought, by public authority, either spiritual or temporal, to be chastised or executed Il.”

Such are some of the statements contained in authorised books lately published and sanctioned in these countries by Divines of the Church of Rome. It is unnecessary to go fartber, in order to find all the above declarations, and many

* Notes in the Rhemish Testament. + Divinity Class Book of Maynooth. Notes in the Rbemish Testament. & Divinity Class Book of Maynootha

|| Notes in the Rhemish Testamenl,

more of the same nature, than to the great and notorious depositary of their tenets, the Rhemish Testament with its persecuting notes, and the Divinity Class Book of the College of Maynooth.

And yet, while sucb monstrous and extravagant charges, sach dangerous, intolerant, and persecuting tenets, are sanctioned by our Popish Priests, and circulated in their very Bible ! taught in tbeir Maynooth College, even from their Divinity Class Book, (we say nothing at present, of the liberal and tolerant Jesuits of Lancashire); while such charges and soch tenets are thus maintained by our Popish Priests, they are forsooth fired with indignation, if a Protestant Archdeacon, in the honest discharge of his public duty, shall repeat to the Clergy of bis Archdeaconry, the objections of his Church to certain corruptions in the Popish System, as being of an idolatrous nature and tendency; and if he shall presume to remark upon the insecurity in consequence of certain tenets of the Church of Rome, of trusting to oaths administered to her members for the support of a Protestant establishment.

To venture to give utterance to such objections made by Protestants to Popery, is, in the view of some of our meek and tolerant Priests of the Popish Church, malignant persecution. Let a Protestant Archdeacon express these objections, however moderately; and immediately a Mr. Peter Baynes is ready to spring up, with all the choler of the West of England magistrato, noticed in the commencement of this article, to complain of “ the persecution * inflicted on” him by the Church of England, of the “calumnies and insults of some “ of its ministers t," of the falsehood and calumny of “ Archdeacons and archfabricators, of those and former times t," and of his being “ doomed" with other Roman Catholics to wear their chains S" until the measure shall be passed, for yielding up the great offices of political power in these countries, to the influence of their Church.

The Letter written in reply to Mr. Baynes, which with that Reverend Gentleman's Letter is now before us, contains a complete refutation of Mr. Baynes's defence of Popery against the three objections which he proposed to meet; and which, we believe, were the only objections noticed in the Archdeacon's Charge: one, relating to the commanding inPuence in religious matters, of the Popish Priests over the Jay members of their communion : a second, representing

• Letter of Mr. Baynes, p. 16.

+ Ibid. p. 34,

# Ibid. p. 34.


p. 6.

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