Imatges de pàgina

ocean ebbing and flowing by mysterious impulse, to watch the giant san run his appointed course, to gaze upon the moving moon, or the deep majesty of an interlunar night, when the firmament is blazing with golden fires, and not venerate the one Causer and Preserver of all of them? Is it no baseness to possess the fairest gifts of life, and to curse the Giver of them; to have genius and intellectual power beyond the common rate, and to make no other use of them but to slander and blaspheine the merciful and gracious Creator of them with more distinguished atrocity? Are none of these baseness and bigotry? No! These are liberality and purity! But when one who has been born and bred in a refi. gion which he loves and venerates, which he sees has, even as it is, converted the nations from darkness to light, and which, if it were allowed its due sway, would make men saints upon earth; a religion, which he knows must have come from God with the same certainty that he knows there is such a book as Cain; and that Lord Byron wrote it; a religion, in the cause of which he has been enlisted a soldier, and wbich he has sworn to maintain to his death ; when such an one resents the insidious plottings and the open attacks of apostates, and does bis utmost in a lawful way to expose the one and denounce the other; when he refuses to be gulled by a specious external, and scorns to barter cowardly praise for contemptuous forbearance; then the magazines of infidelity are exhausted to overwhelm him ; then he may expect

“ Quicquid habent telorum armamentaria—," What is it to us that Lord B. pleads with mawkish inconsistency that he is an aristocrat and wishes not for a revolution? Are his attacks upon lawful authority counteracted by such imbecility? Are his arrows less sharp or less venomous on that account? Do not these kind of declarations even feather the shaft for a longer and a surer flight? It is a mar. vellous thing indeed, that a Peer of England, the first of nations upon earth, should wish for a revolution which would dash him into the dirt ; so is it marvellous that he should hate his own native land, fly from the sight of his fellow countrymen, and permit the dregs of London only to call him friend. When these things are trae of a man, any thing and every thing may be true of him. We cannot stand to weigh motives and circumstances when a thief is taken flagrante delicto. Lord B. may be the dupe or the tool of others for what we know; be may, upon cool calculation, intend no such event as the erection of the brute force of the mob against the law; be may respect Christianity in his ebamber; he may do all this; but he has written “Don Juan !” he has written “ Marino Faliero!" and he has written “ Cain !"

The people of England are an eminently sensible people ; they may have their storms and their ebullitions ; but these soon subside within the compass of their inimitable constitution, and leave the nation an accurate judge of its own interests. This nation was never in the wrong on that point for any great time; the machine may be disordered, but there is a self-adjusting spring in the heart of it, whose elasticity is invincible. The statesmen of this nation will not be fooled by the ravings and the rantings about Greek or Amorican freedom out of their own experienced liberties; the fathers and mothers of this nation will not give up themselves and their children to the dominion of one or two persons, whose writings are the unmanly effusions of misanthropy and sensuality; who go a step beyond the atheists of former ages, throw down the mask, and advocate incest upon principles of universal love; whose voluptuousness is only to be defended as the legitimate consequence of a creed, if such can be, which is a monstrous compound of Manicheism and Epicureanism ; whose God is the evil principle, and whose Bible is Lucretius. To turn from the perusal of these writers to Shakspeare, Spencer, and Milton, is like turning from night to day-from meteors and clouds to the light of the morning star and the blue heaven of a June sun-rising,

We now take our leave of Lord Byron, and one cannot refrain from doing it in language at once graver than our own and more poetical than his.

“ The ungodly said, reasoning with themselves, but not aright, our life is short and tedious, and in the death of a man there is no remedy: neither was there any man known to have returned from the grave. For we are born at all adventure : and we shall be hereafter as though we had never been: for the breath in our nostrils is as smoke, and a little spark in the moving of our heart: which being extinguished our body shall be turned into asbes, and our spirit shall vapish as the soft air. Come on, therefore, let us enjoy the good things that are present: and let us speedily use the creatures like as in youth. Let us fill ourselves with costly wine and ointments : and let no flower of the spring pass by as : let us crown ourselves with rose-buds, before they be withered: let none of us go without his part of our volaptuousness : let us leave tokens, of our joyfulness, in every place; for this is our portion, and our lot is this. Let us lie in wait for the righteous ; because he is not for our tom, and he is clean contrary to our doings : he upbraideth us with our offending the law, and objecteth to our infamy the transgressions of our education. He professeth to bave the knowledge of God: and he calleth himself the child of the Lord. We are esteemed of bim as counterfeits, he abstaineth from our ways as from filthiness: he pronounceth the way of the just to be blessed, and maketh his boast that God is his father.

“ Such things they did imagine, and were deceived: for their own wickedness bath blinded them. As for the mysteries of God, they knew them not: neither hoped they for the wages of righteousness, nor discerned a reward for blame less souls. For God created man to be immortal, and made him to be an image of his own eternity. Nevertheless, through envy of the devil came death into the world : and they that do hold of his side do find it.”

Art. X. Journal of the Proceedings of the Bishops,

Clergy, and Laity of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in a General Convention, held in St. James's Church in the City of Philadelphia, from the 16th to the 24th of May, 1820. 8vo. 96 pp.

Philadelphia. 1820. ART. XI. Journal of the Proceedings of the Bishops,

Clergy, and Laity of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in a Special General Convention, held in St. Peter's Church, in the City of Philadelphia, from the 30th of October to the 3d of November, A.D. 1821. 8vo. 56 pp. Philadelphia. 1821. ART. XII. Sermon on the Manner in which the Gospel

was established, and the Christian Church organized; preached before the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, on the 31st Day of October, 1821. By James Kemp, D.D.

Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese : of Maryland. 8vo. 24 pp. Philadelphia. 1821. ART. XIII. Reasons in Favour of the General Theological

Seminary, one of which were stated in the Episcopal Corvention of South Carolina. 8vo. 16 pp. Charleston. 1821. ART. XIV. Plan of the Theological Seminary of the Pro

testant Episcopal Church of the United States; together with an Address to the Friends of Religion and the Church. Second Edition. 8vo.. 24 pp. Hartford, (Connecticut).


Art. XV. Introductory Discourse delivered at New

haven, at the Opening of the Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church of the United States, September 13, 1820. By Samuel H. Turner, Professor of

Theology in the Institution. 8vo. 32 pp. Hartford, 1820. ART. XVI. An Address to the Biennial Convention of the

Eastern Diocese, assembled in Newport Rhode Island, September 27th, A.D. 1820. By Alexander Viets Gris

wold, D.D. Bishop of the Diocese. (Gospel Adv cate). ART. XVII. A Pastoral Letter, addressed to the Members

of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the Eastern Diocese. By the Right Rev. A. A. Griswold, D.D. Bishop of

the Diocese. 8vo. 68 pp. Boston. 1821.. ART. XVIII. A'Charge to the Clergy of the Protestant

Episcopal Church, in the State of Connecticut : delivered at the Convention of the Church in [the] said State, in St. John's Church at Waterbury, on Wednesday the 6th Day of June, A.D. 1821. By Thomas Church Brownell, D.D. LL.D. Bishop of the Diocese of Connecticut. (Gospel Advocate, for September and October, 1821, Boston).

IN a late volume of our Journal we presented to our readers an account of the Constitution, &c. of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the American Union : we then adverted to the growing numbers and respectability of its members, and the publications at the head of this article have presented us with many additional particulars, an abstract of which we think will be perused with equal pleasure and satisfaction.

I. The Eastern Diocese comprises the Churches in the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Mussachusetts, Vermont, and Rhode Island: over this Diocese the Right Rev. Dr. Griswold continues to preside.

1. The Church, in the State of Maine, which for many years bad become generally depressed and almost extinct, has within a few years assumed a more flourishing aspect. It consists of two congregations, under the pastoral care of two Ministérs, whose labours are stated to have succeeded to the

. See Brit. Crit. Vol. xii. June 1820, pp 593614.

extent of the rational expectations of the friends of the Charch

2. New Hampshire. There are nive Episcopal Churches in this State, the members of which continue to increase: in the vacant Churches, religious services are generally performed by lay readers, and occasionally they have been favoured with the labours of Missionaries.

3. Massachusetts. The Church in this State continues in as flourishing a situation as it was at the time of the meeting of the last general Convention: a very general attention is paid to the observance of the Canons and Rubrics, and (with bat very few exceptions) to the established usages of the Church. A large and elegant stone church, of which the Rev. Samuel Farmer Jarvis, D.D. has been chosen Rector, has lately been completed in the town of Boston ; besides which a few small congregations have been collected in other towns. It is is contemplation to establish missions to such small portions of the Protestant Episcopal Communion as are to be found in many parts of this State.

4. Vermont. From the parochial reports presented to the Annual Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Churcb in. this State on the 27th of June, 1821, it appears that the Church, at no antecedent period, had been more flattering. Several new Churches were represented in Convention; and a society has been organized, the object of which is to employ Missionaries in the vacant churches of the Episcopal Communion within this State.

5. Rhode Island. Increased attachment to the Episcopal Communion, and an exemplary attention to moral and religious duties, indicate the prosperous and flourishing condition of the Church in this State. One new Church has been erected': Sunday Schools bave been established in all the congregations, and the number of communicants has very considerably increased. “ It is believed that in no one of the United States are the order, worship, and rules of the Episcopal Church, better, or more uniformly regarded.”

II. Connecticut. Since the General Convention of 1817* no material change has taken place. The Notitiæ Paro chiales of the Annual Conventions, evince a manifest increase of the Church in this Diocese, to the Episcopate of which the Right Rev. Dr. T.C. Brownell has recently been consecrated. Under his Ministrations, the Churcb has progressively increased in piety, numbers, and respectability since his consecration, a number of Churches bas been visited ; and

* See Brit. Crit. vol. xiii, p. 609.

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