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witnesses of anger or any evil passion. Above all things, therefore, those who have the charge of children should keep their own spirits in tranquility and purity. A mere babe will grieve and sob at the expression of distress on the countenance; he cannot possibly know what that expression means, but he feels that it is something painful.

As the first step in education, I have recommended gentle but constant efforts to attract the attention and improve the bodily senses. I would here suggest the importance of preserving the organs of those senses in full vigour. For instance, the cradle should be so placed that the face of the infant may be in the shade. A strong light is dangerous to his delicate organs of vision; and if it be allowed to come in at one side, he may turn his eyes, in the effort to watch it.

THE AFFECTIONS.The cultivation of the affections comes next to the development of the bodily senses; or rather, they may be said to begin together, so early does the infant heart receive impressions.

Kindness towards animals is of great importance. Children should be encouraged in pitying their distress; and if guilty of any violent treatment towards them, they should see that it gives offence, and is not approved of. But before showing any disapprobation, a very young child should be made to know when he really does hurt an animal; for young children are often cruel from the mere thoughtlessness of frolic; they strike an animal as they would strike a log of wood, without knowing that they occasion pain.

I once saw a mother laugh very heartily at the distressed face of a kitten which a child of two years old was pulling backwards by the tail. At last the kitten, in self-defence, turned and scratched the boy. He screamed, and his mother ran to him, kissed the wound, and beat the poor kitten, saying all the time, "Naughty kitten, to scratch John ! I'll beat her for scratching John! There, ugly puss !” This little incident, trifling as it seems, had, no doubt, important effects upon the character of the child ; especially as the mother who would do such a thing once, would be likely to do it habitually. In the first place, the child was encouraged in cruelty, by seeing that it gave his mother amusement. Had she explained to him

that he was hurting the kitten, and expressed her pity by saying, “Oh, don't hurt kitten; she is a good little puss, and she loves John," what a different impression would have been made on his infant heart! In the next place, the kitten was struck for defending herself; this was injustice to the injured animal, and a lesson of tyranny to the boy. In the third place, striking the kitten because she had scratched him, was teaching him retaliation. For that reason, a chair or table, against which a child may have accidentally hurt himself, should never be struck,

or treated in an angry manner. A grown-up person knows, to be sure, that an inanimate object is not capable of feeling pain, but the infant does not know it; the impression made upon him is, that it is right to injure when we are injured.

A spirit of revenge is one of those evil passions to which our nature is most prone, and with respect to which we should most anxiously guard against the influence of habit and of example. The mind of a child is not like that of a grown person, too full and too busy to observe everything; it is a vessel always ready to receive, and always receiving.

Every look, every movement, every expression, does something towards forming the character of the little heir to immortal life.

Does a mother regard it as too much trouble thus to keep a watch over herself ? Surely the indulgence of evil is no privilege ; the yoke of goodness is far lighter and easier to bear than the bondage of evil. Is not the restraint which the mother imposes upon herself good for the child, and blessed, doubly blessed, to her own soul?

The rule, then, for developing good affections in a very young child is, that he never be allowed to see or feel the influence of bad passions, even in the most trifling things; and in order to effect this, those who have the management of children should endeavour to drive evil passions out of their own hearts. Nothing can be real that has not its home within us. The only sure way, as well as the easiest, to appear good, is to be good.

A MOTHER'S PRAYERS.
URING the last illness of a pious mother, when
she was near death, her only remaining child, the
subject of many agonizing and believing prayers,
who had been roving on the sea, returned to pay
his parent a visit.

After a very affecting meeting, “ You are near port, mother," said the hardy-looking sailor, "and I hope you will have an abundant entrance.

Yes, my child; the fair haven is in sight, and soon, very soon, I shall be landed

“On that peaceful shore

Where pilgrims meet to part no more." "You have weathered many a storm in your passage, mother; but now God is dealing very graciously with you, by causing the winds to cease, and by giving you a calm at the end of your voyage.

“God has always dealt graciously with me, my son; but this last expression of His kindness in permitting me to see you

witnesses of anger or any evil passion. Above all things, therefore, those who have the charge of children should keep their own spirits in tranquility and purity. A mere babe will grieve and sob at the expression of distress on the countenance; he cannot possibly know what that expression means, but he feels that it is something painful.

As the first step in education, I have recommended gentle but constant efforts to attract the attention and improve the bodily senses. I would here suggest the importance of preserving the organs of those senses in full vigour. For instance, the cradle should be so placed that the face of the infant may be in the shade. A strong light is dangerous to his delicate organs of vision; and if it be allowed to come in at one side, he may turn his eyes, in the effort to watch it.

THE AFFECTIONS. The cultivation of the affections comes next to the development of the bodily senses; or rather, they may be said to begin together, so early does the infant heart receive impressions.

Kindness towards animals is of great importance. Children should be encouraged in pitying their distress; and if guilty of any violent treatment towards them, they should see that it gives offence, and is not approved of. But before showing any disapprobation, a very young child should be made to know when he really does hurt an animal; for young children are often cruel from the mere thoughtlessness of frolic; they strike an animal as they would strike a log of wood, without knowing that they occasion pain.

I once saw a mother laugh very heartily at the distressed face of a kitten which a child of two years old was pulling backwards by the tail. At last the kitten, in self-defence, turned and scratched the boy. He screamed, and his mother ran to him, kissed the wound, and beat the poor kitten, saying all the time, “Naughty kitten, to scratch John! I'll beat her for scratching John! There, ugly puss !” This little incident, trifling as it seems, had, no doubt, important effects upon the character of the child ; especially as the mother who would do such a thing once, would be likely to do it habitually. In the first place, the child was encouraged in cruelty, by seeing that it gave his mother amusement. Had she explained to him

that he was hurting the kitten, and expressed her pity by saying, "Oh, don't hurt kitten; she is a good little puss, and she loves John," what a different impression would have been made on his infant heart! In the next place, the kitten was struck for defending herself; this was injustice to the injured animal, and a lesson of tyranny to the boy. In the third place, striking the kitten because she had scratched him, was teaching him retaliation. For that reason, a chair or table, against which a child may have accidentally hurt himself, should never be struck,

or treated in an angry,manner. A grown-up person knows, to be sure, that an inanimate object is not capable of feeling pain, but the infant does not know it; the impression made upon him is, that it is right to injure when we are injured.

A spirit of revenge is one of those evil passions to which our nature is most prone, and with respect to which we should most anxiously guard against the influence of habit and of example. The mind of a child is not like that of a grown person, too full and too busy to observe everything; it is a vessel always ready to receive, and always receiving.

Every look, every movement, every expression, does something towards forming the character of the little heir to immortal life.

Does a mother regard it as too much trouble thus to keep a watch over herself ? Surely the indulgence of evil is no privilege ; the yoke of goodness is far lighter and easier to bear than the bondage of evil. Is not the restraint which the mother imposes upon herself good for the child, and blessed, doubly blessed, to her own soul?

The rule, then, for developing good affections in a very young child is, that he never be allowed to see or feel the influence of bad passions, even in the most trifling things; and in order to effect this, those who have the management of children should endeavour to drive evil passions out of their own hearts. Nothing can be real that has not its home within us. The only sure way, as well as the easiest, to appear good, is to be good.

A MOTHER'S PRAYERS.
URING the last illness of a pious mother, when
she was near death, her only remaining child, the
subject of many agonizing and believing prayers,
who had been roving on the sea, returned to pay
his parent a visit.

After a very affecting meeting, “ You are near port, mother," said the hardy-looking sailor," and I hope you will have an abundant entrance."

“Yes, my child; the fair haven is in sight, and soon, very soon, I shall be landed

“On that peaceful shore

Where pilgrims meet to part no more." “You have weathered many a storm in your passage, mother ; but now God is dealing very graciously with you, by causing the winds to cease, and by giving you a calm at the end of your voyage.'

"God has always dealt graciously with me, my son; but this last expression of His kindness in permitting me to see you

witnesses of anger or any evil passion. Above all things, therefore, those who have the charge of children should keep their own spirits in tranquility and purity. A mere babe will grieve and sob at the expression of distress on the countenance; he cannot possibly know what that expression means, but he feels that it is something painful.

As the first step in education, I have recommended gentle but constant efforts to attract the attention and improve the bodily senses. I would here suggest the importance of preserving the organs of those senses in full vigour. For instance, the cradle should be so placed that the face of the infant may be in the shade. A strong light is dangerous to his delicate organs of vision ; and if it be allowed to come in at one side, he may turn his eyes, in the effort to watch it.

THE AFFECTIONS, The cultivation of the affections comes next to the development of the bodily senses; or rather, they may be said to begin together, so early does the infant heart receive impressions.

Kindness towards animals is of great importance. Children should be encouraged in pitying their distress; and if guilty of any violent treatment towards them, they should see that it gives offence, and is not approved of. But before showing any disapprobation, a very young child should be made to know when he really does hurt an animal; for young children are often cruel from the mere thoughtlessness of frolic; they strike an animal as they would strike a log of wood, without knowing that the occasion pain.

I once saw a mother laugh very heartily at the distressed face o a kitten which a child of two years old was pulling backwards b the tail. At last the kitten, in self-defence, turned and scratche the boy. He screamed, and his mother ran to him, kissed th wound, and beat the poor kitten, saying all the time, "Naught kitten, to scratch John ! I'll beat her for scratching John! There ugly puss !” This little incident, trifling as it seems, had, n doubt, important effects upon the character of the child ; especiall as the mother who would do such a thing once, would be likely t do it habitually. In the first place, the child was encouraged i cruelty, by seeing that it gave his mother amusement. Had sl. explained to him that he was hurting the kitten, and expressed he pity by saying, “Oh, don't hurt kitten; she is a good little pus and she loves John," what a different impression would have bee made on his infant heart! In the next place, the kitten w: struck for defending herself; this was injustice to the injure animal, and a lesson of tyranny to the boy. In the third plac striking the kitten because she had scratched him, was teachii him retaliation. For that reason, a chair or table, against whi: a child may have accidentally hurt himself, should never be struc

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