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Wild theorists have laboured to overthrow this system, but God in His providence has inscribed folly on all their mad and profane attempts to disturb His arrangements; and it has been found that, after producing not a little temporary misery, these parties have been obliged to abandon their schemes as prejudicial or impracticable. In ancient Sparta, Lycurgus substituted public education for family training, and the experiment terminated in rendering a whole nation cold-hearted and selfish. Socialism, under some of its forms, has proposed to exchange a household for a promiscuous ļife; but as might have been anticipated, the change, when carried into effect, has led to caprice and cruelty, and opened the floodgates to every form of vice.-Dr. McCosh.
RIGHTS OF CHILDREN. HE first right of every child is to be well born ; and by this mean that it has a right to the best conditions, physical, mental, and moral, that it is in the power of the parents to secure. Without this the child is
defrauded of his rights at the outset, and his life can hardly fail of being a pitiful protest against broken laws. Good health, good habits, sound mentality, and reverent love, should form the basis of every new life that is invoked. The mother who gives herself up to morbid fancies, who considers her health an excuse for petulance and non-exercise of self-control, proves herself unworthy of the holy office of mother, and ought not to be surprised if she reap at a later day the bitter harvest of her unwise sowing.
Second in importance to none, as a means of securing the happiness and best good of childhood and youth, is the right to be taught obedience. It is easy to submit to what we know is inevitable, and to the little child the requirement of the parent should be law without appeal. The tender, immature being, shut in by the unknown, where every relation is a mystery and every advance an experiment, has a right to find itself everywhere sustained and directed by the parent. It should not be tempted to resistance by laws that are imperfectly enforced, nor subjected to the injurious friction of discussion by having a long list of reasons given for every requirement. The habit of obedience to the parents may be formed before the child is two years old, and this is a necessary precedent of obedience to law, the next stage of a true development.
The child has a right to employment and the free use of its faculties. “What shall I do?" is the plaintive wail of many a little one imprisoned in rooms where everything is too nice to be played with, and among grown-up people who cannot endure noise. “Sit down and keep quiet,” is too often the impatient answer—an answer which I never hear without an indignant men
tal protest. I admonish you, father, mother, guardian, into whose hands God has committed the sacred trust of a child's life, be careful how you betray it! Beware how you hinder a soul's development by a selfish seeking of your own convenience!
Absolute reliance on the love of the parents, faith in their wisdom that forbids doubt, are indispensable conditions of a healthy and happy development. They constitute the fertile soil and genial atmosphere in which all beautiful human affections bud and blossom. “Father does what is right,” “Mother knows better than I,” are the instinctive utterances of a child whose life and education have been rightly begun. That these utterances are not oftener heard is a severe commentary upon our methods, a sad indication how much the rights of children have been neglected.
The child has a right to ask questions and to be fairly answered ; not to be snubbed as if he were guilty of an impertinence, nor ignored as though his desire for information were of no consequence, nor misled as if it did not signify whether true or false impressions were made upon his mind. He has a right to be taught everything which he desires to learn, and to be made certain, when any asked-for information is withheld, that it is only deferred till he is older and better prepared to receive it. Answering a child's question is sowing the seeds of its future character. The slight impression of to-day may have become a rule of life twenty years hence. A youth in crossing the fields dropped cherry-stones
from his mouth, and in old age retraced his steps by the trees laden with luscious fruit. But many a parent whose heart is lacerated by a child's ingratitude might say,
“The thorns I bleed withal are of the tree I planted.” To answer rightly a child's questions would give scope for the wisdom of all the ancients; and to illustrate needed precept by example would require the exercise of every Christian virtue.
A HAPPY NEW YEAR.
If gladdened by Thy smile, Bring with it what it may,
In every trying day. That smile can cheer the saddest hour, For Thou canst make all grace abound, And gild the darkest sky,
Thou canst my faith increase, And with its soul-refreshing power And with Thy mercy fence me round, Joy, e'en 'midst grief, supply.
And keep my mind in peace. The year will prove a happy one This year will prove a happy one, If, quickened by Thy grace,
If every moment lent, With swifter, firmer steps I run Each day, each hour, with Thee begun, The arduous heavenly race ;
For Thee alone be spent ;
My one desire, may be
To live, my God, for Thee !
(FOR THE YOUNG.) “From a child thou hast known the holy Scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.”—2 Tim. iii. 15.
POW happy was young Timothy, He found a Saviour there, whose name
Of pious friends possessed! Did hope and peace afford;
The seeds of early piety Wise to salvation he became, Sprang up within his breast.
Through faith in Christ the Lord. Fast grew those seeds, for God above
The word of life is in our hand, Had well prepared the ground;
But more than this we need ; And the fair fruits of faith and love Lord, give us hearts to understand, In all his life were found.
As well as eyes to read.
we, like Timothy, shall find
Thy word shall guide our youthful Thence that “unfeignèd faith” he mind,
And cheer our latest age. Which so adorned his youth.
LIFT UP THE LATCH, AND ENTER IN. WAS dark, and I with inward But I would rather not comply fear
[near Until myself to mend I try ; Stood like a culprit weeping I need a better heart before The house in which my Saviour dwelt, I could be welcome at the door: Such pangs my heart had never felt; But still the voice was heard within, A voice addressed me from within, “Lift up the latch, and enter in.” “Lift up the latch, and enter in."
,” I said, “ 'twill do again, I thought I was unfit to be
When I am free from all my pain ; A guest of such a one as He ;
No sighing ones are wanted there, I needed garments new and fair Where songs of gladness fill the air:" Before I dared to enter there :
But still the voice was heard within, But still the voice was heard within, “Lift up the latch, and enter in.” “ Lift up the latch, and enter in."
“ With all my sin and guilt opprest, But in my deepest heart I knew With heart of stone within my breast, That I had sinned, ard basely too; Say! would your Saviour honoured be I trifled with His blood and tears, With such a worthless guest as me?" slighted Him for me
“ Yes !” sai the voice that spake But still the voice was heard within, within “Lift up the latch, and enter in." “Lift up the latch, and enter in.”
DR. E, H. NEVIN.
A Good PROTECTOR.-Mrs. Ann Wilkinson was returning from Newcastle, in her cart, late at night, and was met at Walbottle Deane, the most lonely part of the road, by a man who seized hold of the horse's head. She gave no utterance of alarm ; and the man, somewhat taken aback, said, “Are you not frightened ?" “Oh no," she replied, “I am not frightened. I have a good Protector.” He dropped the bridle and moved off. Whether it struck him who her protector was, or not, cannot be known; but the incident proves her presence of mind and her faith in God.
HINTS FOR THE HOUSEHOLD.
SUNLIGHT A NECESSITY. Avoid Trust as much as pos Sun-baths cost nothing, and are sible. It is everybody's loss, in the most refreshing, life-giving cluding your own. Debt is a baths that one can take, whether load. Let hard winters bring sick or well. Every housekeeper careful summers.
knows the necessity of giving her REMEDY FOR MOTHS.
woollens the benefit of the sun A small piece of paper or linen from time to time, especially after moistened with spirits of turpen a long absence of the sun. Many tine, and put into a drawer for a will think of the injury their single day, two or three times a clothes are liable to from dampyear, is an effectual preservative ness, who will never reflect that against moths.
an occasional exposure of their PURE WATER.
own bodies to the sunlight is We wonder that travellers do necessary to their own health. not carry
with them a little bottle The sun-baths cost nothing, and of permanganate of potass—a few that is a misfortune ; for people drops of which would speedily are still deluded with the idea purify any water. A friend of that those things only can be good ours, who has just returned from or useful which cost money. Let India, tells us that he has derived it not be forgotten that three the greatest benefit from its em of God's most beneficent gifts ployment. In cases where the
to man, three things the most water was turbid, and tasting and necessary to good health-sunsmelling of decaying organic light, fresh air, and water--are free matter, the addition of a few to all; you can have them in drops of the solution of the per abundance without money and manganate made it, in a few without price, if you will. If you minutes, as clear and as sweet as would enjoy good health, then, spring water.
see to it that you are supplied SCOURING BOARDS.
with pure air to breathe all the A good scouring mixture for
bathe for an hour boards
may be made by lime, one or so in the sunlight; and that part; sand, three parts; soft soap, you quench your thirst with no two parts. Lay a little on the other fluid than water.-Journal boards with the scrubbing-brush, of Health. and rub thoroughly. Rinse with
GREASE FROM BOOKS. clean water, and rub dry. This To remove spots of grease from will keep the boards of a good printed books, the spot should colour, and will also keep away be moistened with a camel-hair vermin.
pencil dipped in spirits of turpenTO PRESERVE CARPETS. tine; when it is dry, moisten it Carpets are frequently more with a little spirits of wine, which worn by the influence of the sun will effectually remove any stain and dust than by any fair wear the turpentine may have left. from the feet; many persons are
WHITEWASH. not aware that dirt decays all To make whitewash that will substances,
particularly not rub off, add to it a little sugar woollen.