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DUNCAN, King of Scotland.
Sons to the King.
Generals of the King's Army.
Noblemen of Scotland.
Lords, Gentlemen, Officers, Soldiers and Attendants.
The Ghost of Banquo, and feveral other Apparitions,
SCENE, in the End of the fourth Aet, lies
in England; through the rest of the Play, in Scotland; and, chiefly, at Macbeth's Castle.
2 Witch. When the hurly-burly's done, When the battle's lost and won.
3 Witch. That will be ere set of sun. i Witch. Where the place ? 2 Witch. Upon the heath. 3 Witch. There I go to meet Macbeth. i Witch. I come, I come, Grimalkin.2 Witch. Padocke calls-anon! All. Fair is foul, and foul is fair, Hover through the fog and filthy air.
[They rise from the stage, and fly away: SCENE changes to the Palace at Foris. Enter King, Malcolme, Donalbain, Lenox, with Atten
dants, meeting a bleeding Captain.
As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt
The newest state.
Mal. This is the Serjeant,
Cap. Doubtful long it stood :
King. Oh, valiant cousin! worthy gentleman !
Cap. As whence the fun 'gins his reflection, Shipwracking forms and direful thunders break; (1)
So (1) As whence the fun 'gins bis reflection, Shij wracking forms, and direful thunders break;] Mr. Pope has degraded this word, 'gins, against the general authority of the copies, without any reason assign’d for so doing; and subtituted, gives, in the room of it. But it will soon be obvious, how far our author's good obser• vation and knowledge of nature goes to establish his own reading, gins. For the sense is this ; " As from the place, from whence " the fun begins his course, (viz. the East,) shipwrecking storms “ proceed ; & c."—And it is to in fact, that forms generally come from the East. And it must be so in reason, because the natural and constant motion of the ocean is from East to Weft : and because the ... motion of the wind has the same general direction. Præcipua
& generalis (Ventorum) caufa eft ipse Sol, qui igneo juo jubare aerem rarefacit & attenuat; imprimis illum, in quem perpendiculares radocs mittit, Jose fupra quem hæret. Aer enim rarefaftus multo majorem locum poftulat. Inde fit, ui ger a sole impulfus alium vicinum aerem magno impétu pro trudur; cunque sol ab Oriente in accidentem circupur citur, præcipuus ab
So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come, (2)
King. Dismay'd not this
So eo aëris impulsus fiet versus occidentem.---Quia plerumque ab aëris per Solem rarefactione oritur, qui cum continue feratur ab Oriente in occi, dentem, majori quoque impetu protruditur aër ab Oriente in occidenteni. Varenii Geograph. l. i. c. 14, &c. 20. prop. 10. and 15.----This being so, it is no wonder that storms should come most frequently from that quarter; or that they should be most violent, because here is a concurrence of the natural motions of wind and wave. This proves clearly, that the true reading is 'gins, i. e. begins: for the other reading does not fix it to that quarter: for the sun may give its reflection in any part of its course above the horizon; but it can begin it only in one.
Mr. Warburton. (2) So from ibat spring, wbence comfort seem'd 10 come, Discomfort Swelld. I have not difturb’d the text here, as the senfe does not absolutely require it; tho' Dr. Thirlby prescribes a very ingenious and easy correction :
So from tbat spring, wbence comfort seem'd to come,
Discomforts well’d. i. e. fream'd, fow'd forth: a word that peculiarly agrees with the metaphor of a spring. The original is Anglo-Saxon peallian, scaturire; which very well expresses the diffusion and scattering of water from its head. CHAUCER has used the word in these acceptations.
For whiché might she no lengir restrain
Troil. & Creff 1. iv. v. 709. I can no more, but here out cast of all welfare abide the daie of my deth, or els to fe the fight that might all my wellynge forowes voide, and of the flode make an ebbe.
Teftament of Love. (3)
I must report they were As cannons overcharg'd witb double cracks,] Can.3ons overcharg'd with cracks I have no idea of : My pointing, I think, gives the eaiy and natural sense. Macherb and Banquo were like cannons over