Imatges de pÓgina


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Hore, London, Mr. Stewart Meuthly, Mr. the explanation of the plates, consists of a Sup- and pursuits ; and also in these circumstances Drummond Hay, Lieutenant Johnson, R.N., plementary Notice to the Biographical Memoir a preservative against any misapprehension of &c. &c. The report read to the meeting re- of Canova published in a former Part, and the scope and meaning of his friend's remarks." lative to the volume of the Transactions of the Thoughts on the Arts, by Canova himself. These Thoughts are sixty in number. They Society, lately noticed in the Literary Gazette. One of the most attractive features of the contain much that is admirable, and much that was rendered peculiarly gratifying by a letter Supplementary Notice is the following letter, is calculated to excite profound reflection. As from Sir Walter Scott to the secretary, in written by Canova to his friend M. Quatremère they are quite unconnected with one another, which the learned baronet not only expressed de Quincy, at Paris, immediately after he had we will quote a few of the most striking. his approbation of the work, but his entire seen the Elgin Marbles in London; having “ 1. Although an ardent promoter of the fine coincidence in the views of the secretary, re- been previously acquainted with the works of arts, Canova beheld with much concern the lative to the Gowry Conspiracy, and entered Phidias only by a few imperfect fragments and vast number of young people, who devoted minutely into an investigation of some cir- casts, and by the representations of them given themselves to them as a pursuit. These, he cumstances connected with that mysterious in the Travels of Stuart in Greece.

said, cannot fail of being poor and disappointtransaction. After the reading of the Report, “Here am I in London, dear and best friend, ed. Now that Italy and all Europe are full to Mr. Morison gave a brief dissertation on some a wonderful city, handsome streets, handsome repletion with works of art, what can all these facts and traditions connected with the pro- squares, bandsome bridges, great neatness, and young students expect? the worst is that they gress of the Roman arms in Scotland ; and what is still more striking is, the well-condi. will tend by their numbers to keep up a worthDr. Anderson of the Perth Academy read an tioned state of man, which every where presents less mediocrity--for excellence was never the Essay on the Temperature of the ocean itself around. Thave seen the marbles arrived heritage of the many--and in these times nofrom the facts connected with which inquiry from Greece. Of the bas-reliefs, we had some thing short of excellence should be thought of. the learned doctor controverted the prevailing idea from engravings, casts, and the few frag- Academies, therefore, should indeed afford to notions respecting the heat of the earth in- ments of the marbles themselves with us; but every one an opportunity of proving his talents : creasing towards the centre.

of the full colossal figures, in which an artist but in every case of the absence of a decided IN

can display his whole power and science, we aptitude for the arts, the pupil should be inPUBLIC INSTRUCTION IN FRANCE. have known nothing. Whether these marbles duced to relinquish them, and to apply to a THE SEASON of public instruction in Paris has be the works of Phidias himself, executed under pursuit more likely

to promote his own and the begun. The return to his post of M. Ville- his guidance, or finished only by his hand, they publie benefit ; for I fear that this superabund. main, who was compelled, two years ago, to shew clearly that the great masters of antiquity ance will begin to incline to the wrong road, vacate the professor's chair, in consequence of were faithful imitators of select and beautiful and by its overpowering influence carry away the liberality of his opinions, was welcomed nature: they had no affectation, nothing exag- with it those who are capable of better things ; with extraordinary enthusiasm. When, M.

gerated or hard ; that is to say, none of those and when once right principles are deviated Villemain's emotion would allow him to speak; parts which may be called conventional

, or sa- from, every extravagance will follow (for the he thanked his young friends for their cordial crifices to general rules and proportions. I am arts when in the wrong path are not to be reception of him. “ I am happy,” he con led to believe, therefore, that our numerous restrained), and will end in a total depravation tinged, "to experience the same interest which ancient statues which are marked with these of taste. you expressed towards me on a very different exaggerations, are, in fact, only copies of the “ 6. If you would save yourself much future occasion, under circumstances which may

, per: productions of their great masters, made by trouble, and proceed always with confidence in haps recur, and which I will never shun.”

At mediocre Greek artists, in order to be sent to your art, I will tell you the shortest way. these words the applause was redoubled.-M. Rome. The figures of Phidias are all real and Make yourself perfect, in the first place, in all Cousin has re-commenced his course, and has living flesh, that is to say, are beautiful nature the requisites of your artimas drawing, anatotaken for his present subject the philosophy of itself; as the other master-pieces of ancient art my, a sense of the graceful and the dignified the eighteenth

century. Messrs. Charles Comte also are: the Belvedere Mercury is real flesh understand and feel the beautiful let your and Eugène Lerminier have also entered on the Torso is so too, and the fighting Gladi- sensibility and imagination also be awakened their respective courses ; the former on the ator; so likewise is the datyr of Praxiteles, and and exercised ; the previous possession, in short, law of nations, the latter on the history of law. his Cupid, of which fragments are found in all of all the parts necessary in your art is the

directions. The Venus also is real Hesh; and shortest way to which I alluded. If you take RUSSIA. By the liberality of the Emperor Nicholas, thea Venus here, in the British Museum, is true care to do this, the first perception which

strikes Imperial Academy of Sciences at St. Peters- and perfect filesh... I must confess that, in see you of any object transcendently beautiful and burgh has been increased, and the objects which ing these beautiful things, I felt my self-love graceful will serve your purpose, all the other it has in view have been

extended. At the gratified, for I have always thought that the qualities yon possess will be called into play in last anniversary of the foundation of this in- great masters of antiquity must have worked support of, and in accordance with the sublime stitution, the secretary took a retrospective either, that the bas-reliefs of the same

temple it, produce a beautiful and perfect whole ; but

in this style and no other: do not suppose, idea you have formed, and harmonising with view of the labours of the various members of of Minerva are in a different style; they too this, you say, is difficult, and so indeed I know the Academy from its commencement. Among consist of the fine forms of select nature and of it is, and therefore I point out the necessity of other curious papers, which were afterwards living

flesh; for men have always been made of study and labour if you would become great : read, was an account of the result of the ob. soft elastic Hesh, not of bronze. Such authori. when these have produced their effects, it will servations made by the Baron de Wrangel, ties should surely be enough to determine no longer appear difficult to you. during his last expedition, on the aurora borealis, and on the polar ices. This hardy navi- sculptors to give up all rigidity of manner, and “ 12. The only important elements of sculpgator has endeavoured to explain the formation to imitate, rather the soft and beautiful surfaces ture, he used to say, are perfection of design

of nature.” of those ices, and to prove how long they have

and excellency of forms ; a picture without existed. He has also inquired why a vast sur.

Of the Thoughts on the Arts it is said, that these may still be good, in respect to colouring, face of water, surrounded with ice, is itself

“ although virtually, and in substance, the invention, freedom of touch and effect; but if frequently entirely free from ice.

work of Čanova's mind, the result of his genius you take away expression and form from sculpand experience, they were not actually com- ture, what is lefta piece of marble.

mitted to writing and published by him; but * 14. • It is, indeed, necessary,' he observed FINE ARTS.

are, in fact, notes of opinions and criticisms 'on to some young artist, to have a knowledge of 3914) NEW PUBLICATIONS.

the subjects, chiefly of painting and sculpture, anatomy'; but an obvious display of it shonld The Works of Antonio Canova. Engraved in uttered by Canova on various occasions in con- be avoided, if it be true that art should imi

outline by Henry Moses. Parts V. and V1. versation, and taken down, unknown to him, tate nature : let us also follow nature in this London, 1828. Prowett.

with a view to their future publication, by a respect, which, in order to conceal the harsh, This beautiful and interesting work (of which friend. This friend was the Abate Missirini, muscular parts of our frame, has admir. these two are the concluding portions) is Secretary to the Academy of St. Luke at Rome, ably covered them with a soft clothing of as creditable to the talent employed in its whose private and literary character fully gua- flesh and of skin; presenting only to the eye a execution, as it is honourable to the genius, rantee the genuineness and correctness of these smooth superficies, delicately moulded with the memory of which it will assist in perpetuo interesting fragments : he had also the amplest rising and indented carves, wholly without ating. The letter-press in these Parts, besides opportunity for effecting the purpose which his harsh inequalities.'

zeal for Canova's memory prompted him to of this communication, as of many others, we have

“ 17. · How fortunate it is,' he often reto complain that the proper names are so indistinctly undertake, afforded him by their friendship, marked, that but few artists are able to express written as to be illegible.

habits of daily intimacy, and similarity of tastes themselves with propriety and effect with the


pen; else what long and mighty wars should this is the practice by which he

him the Chevalier Azara. They are

| we have beech time mispent, to the loss of the cultivators of the arts immortality.

engraved in outline, with Mr. Moses's well. and how

“ 40. One day when he was at work finish. known firmness, delicacy, and taste. 117" their proper pursuits. Those who were in the ing the foot of the dancing nymph, which he habit of writing were always mediocre artists; continued to retouch, as if he never conld be

ORIGINAL POETRY. Ja the pencil, not the pen, is their proper instru- satisfied with his work, a friend said to him, [We have much gratification in filling our poetical de ment, and working, not writing, their voca- | How is it that you bestow all this pains on so partment this week with a production appropriate to tion. Literary men, on the other side, are trifling a part; it now appears excellent and

the season, from the pen of an author whose popularity

is so great in writings of this class, that his Omnipré. equally out of their element when deciding on perfect in every respect ; do you expect that sence of the Deity has come to an eighth edition within questions of mere art; and the fanciful errors people who are charmed by its beauty will stop nearly as many months. ] which they fall into are an ample revenge for to examine so closely?' ' It is only by dili. the intended victims of their criticisms.' gence,' he replied, that we can make our

By Robert Montgomery, “ 24. Being asked why, on the decline of works deserving of praise. I am now at work Horæ quidem cedunt, et dies, et menses, 'et anni: nec ancient art, architecture had not fallen in so on the part under the nail. Among the things præteritum tempus unquam revertitur: neos quid sequia

tur, sciri potest.-Cicero. great a degree as the rest, he replied, In which have commonly been passed over with painting and sculpture the artist should always negligence in our art are the nails of the human ANOTHER Year, methought a Spirit cried, proceed with circumspection, and be aware of hand and feet, though the ancients bestowed Another Year is gone! Still rolls the World his liability to err from right principles, for great pains to express them accurately. In the Magnificent as ever; bright the Sun, these arts depend on the guidance of taste and Venus de Medici they have been worked with and beautiful his native heavens the Earth genius, and not on that of exact rules, as it is wonderful care.' • What !' said his friend, Around looks fresh as on her birth-day morn; the case in architecture. Taste 'and genius, would a statue suffer by a defect in the nails?' And Man, as gay as if no knell had rung, however, operate by means that are too subtle · Certainly; and the saying of the ancients, No heart been broken, and no tears been

shed ! and evanescent to be reduced to exact terms; perfect even to the nails,' by which they chawhile it is the nature of architecture to admit racterised a finished production, was not with. Where, then,

the hist'ry of the

fleeted Year, of fixed and invariable rules and proportions out exact and deep significancy. The ear alsp, of weal and woe, of glory and of shame? lu'da this is, I think, the chief reason why architec- although it is often only slightly marked, and Eternal! not a minute wings away w tedy ture suffered less than her two sister arts in not at all given in detail, is a part which con- Time cannot die; the dim, departed years d'W

That doth not waft a record to The throne IL the general decline of taste. My art has none duces much to the beautiful

effect of the coup. Will rise again, and cited ages intel yait 10 of these guides and privileges, and is never tenance, and in the best works of sculpture we unaccompanied with a certain fear of erring ; see them most carefully finished.'

Like thoughts, creations of the mindaztedt so that I am always afraid to take any liberty “ 42. " There is one noble means of aveng

1190) hartoitgrigeni giyiT

A Year hath fled, and in Eternity id JBUT with it, and stand constantly on my guard ; ing ourselves for unjust criticism; it is by His awful burden cast ! -what hath be won ? sometimes I almost feel inclined to return to my doing still better, and silencing it solely by the Ye Thunders! ministers of cloudy wrathe aill early studies, and to begin to copy again from increasing excellence of our works. This is with herald lightnings to sublime, your power: the life.'

the only true way of triumphing ; but if in- Say, from your caves shall ye be summond Is it certain that Canova, great as he was, stead of this you undertake to dispute, to de- forth,

11:1977 1;? would not have been greater had he listened fend, or to criticise by way of reprisal, you And tell your havoc; in the blaze of noon, to this last occasional suggestion of his own involve yourself in endless troubles and dis- And in the night-wing'd tempest darkly made? mind?

quietudes, disturb that tranquillity which is so Or shall I bid th' unbosom’d ocean yield “ 30. Being asked, which are the most necessary to the successful exercise of your Her dead, or let the unfrequented graves essential rules in the imitative arts,' he replied, pursuit, and waste in harassing contests that Unlock, and shew their ghastly inmates there? I think the code of art may be much abbrevi- precious time which you should consecrate to

Alas! there is no moral loud enough ated, or rather may be comprised in one single your art.' rule, which is this the artist should be able to “ 47. On the subject of an artist, who, with To hush the laugh of Life above the tomb ;

Time, accident, and change they pass away give an exact account of every thing he does, a devoted industry had made little progress, and why he does it. Sometimes," he added, “ a and after many years of labour and reiterated Like shadowy dreams ; the deepest, dreadest

voice single fold of drapery gives me more trouble attempts had produced nothing at all correthan a whole statue, because I cannot make it sponding in effect, he remarked," Perseverance of Nature will not rouse the world to think.fall so that I can account for the particular turn must, at last, obtain something; but before There was an earthquake in a far-off isle ; and flow it has taken : if, therefore, an artist applying ourselves to a pursuit like the arts, we

The heavens were blacken'd, and the dark wishes to be able to justify his work, in the should ascertain that nature has given us an

waves yelled, first place to himself, and afterwards to others, aptitude for them-perseverance alone is not While Ocean, heaving like a human breast ..

In he must be able to give good reasons for the in- enough. When a young artist, who has mas.

agony, groan'd wildly from her depths! vention, the action, the expression, execution, tered the rudiments of his art, does not advance All earth seemed fear-struck ; on their bowing in short for all the parts of his work which are rapidly and decidedly in the first three or four peferable to principles and rules of art, for other years, there is, in general, little to be expected The leaves hung shudd'ring, through the heated parts are not reducible to rules, such as grace, of him: with practice, indeed, he may obtain the wind sublimity, genius. If he can act on this com- more freedom, more practical skill and know.

mutter'd with a spirit-tone, pendious principle, he will need no other rules ; ledge, but he will not gain on the score of ori: And the island-cities rocked! good judgment is the great and only guide in ginality or inventive genius. The figure of 45. midnight came the Earthquake in his the arts.

wrath Meekness, on the tomb of Ganganelli, is one of “ 35. Speaking of some sculptors who bad my earliest productions ; and yet now, after And strength, and made the world's founda

tions reel! grown old in the mere practice of modelling, thirty years of practice, I do not know that I and had executed nothing in marble, he said, have learnt to do better. I am mortified to Temples and domes tvere shatterd; shrieks

11 * It is quite necessary, if the young artist ever find my powers so limited, and would fain

and prayers aspire to be a sculptor, that he should early raise myself to a higher pitch, but I cannot. » Rang wildly through the skies, and "guld familiarise himself with the use of the chisel; The plates in these closing Parts are, various

within that there is the same difference between the Medals struck in honour of Canova; the Th'uncavern'd ground a thousand corses lay modeller and the sculptor that there is between ground-plan and elevation of the magnificent

Morn rose again, a radness cloaked each brot; one who merely sketches and designs, and a church at Possagno, to the erection of which the Yet none could dream of Judgment in their painter : the power of executing works in mar. artist devoted his entire fortune, the fruit of

doom, ble is to the one what the skill to produce all his labours, and which is rendered yet more

And in the earthquake. hear the voice of finished paintings is to the other : if the hand interesting by being the depository of his mor

Heaven!' of the painter has not accustomed itself from tal remains the Monument to Canová placed A Year hath vanished, and how many eyes childhood to this practice, it will always be by the Venetian Academy of the Fine Arts in Are filmed, how many lovely cheeks are cold! backward in seconding his wishes to produce the hall of their institution; and the follow- What lips, that let out music from the soul, that finely blended colouring, well-managed ing works by him ; viz. Sepulchral Monument | Are death-sealed now! Bend, human Pride! chiaro osenro, and high finish, in which excel. of Nelson (two plates); Sappho ; the Descent cand see lence consists : let then the young artist divide from the Cross ; Allegorical Figure of the City The desolation and the curse of Time :his time between the pencil and the chisel, Iof Padua ; Dirce; Endymion; Guiseppe Bossi ; || Monarch of millions! at whose royal feet


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tan Part 5

829 The treasures of the ransack'd earth were laid) | Upon thát mom of crowned love ; long days The heavens, and spread his spirit to the stars, And on whose brow the pride of Ages sat, Of bliss, and all the bright romance of youth That seemed to brighten as his fancy glow'd! Where slumberist thou 2-the sleep of death is Jń radiant visions gather'd round his heart, The mystery of Being, and the might i, i thine,

And now,--the world's become a tomb to him! Of Him, whose fiat fashion d sumless Worlds, And worms will revel on thy ashy form

And thou, O Fashion !-at thy gilded shrine, And Life and Death, the silence of the grave, As on the meanest of thy kindred dust ! What victims have been offeră up! From That dark unknown we all are doomed to

know What hast thou lost, unheedful World ? Thy haunts great Where all the purer passions bloom and dwell, Came on him now; 'twas his last hour of

dreams; Have died; Spirits, amid whose lightning track And Nature is the holy nurse of Thought,

The lights of Heaven ne'er looked on him The Thy Kings, thy Warriors, and thy Statesmen And saddening 'twas to see the piteous change The morrow' made his grave !-common herd are lost in bright eclipse - The maiden martyrs have been brought to thee;

again, too,

From innocence, to each corrupting joy: Have perished; hast thou mourned thy mighty At home, they wander'd in ancestral woods, No more of sorrow for the fleeted year ; 1'dead ?

Gazed on the brooks, and felt a brightening No tears can cancel, or recall it, now: Go! weep for one, the wonder of his day,


lidi Hereafter when before the throne of God A tow'ring Genius of gigantic grasp, Flash from their surface o'er the guiltless heart; Eternity is balanced, all its Crimes A Man whom England may exult to hail Yes! beautiful that freshness of the soul, 119

And Virtues will be summon'd to their doom :Her own,-- Patriot, on whose dying lips When summer breezes, like the gladsome wings Hark! from a host of dimly-vision'd spires Her haughty name like an enchantment hung! Of viewless Spirits, vivified the air!

The midnight hour is rolling to the skies, His chief inheritance, a lofty Soul, Or, when with eye expanding in delight,

While doubtful echoes undulate the air, Ha battled through the darkness of his lot, 'They marked the heavens all blazon'd o’ér with Then glide away, like shadows into gloom ! And shone alofty--the brightest of them all


A solemn peal,- a farewell voice of Time, That wrestled with the tempests of renown - And beams, and bless'd the hand that hùng It leaves a ling'ring tone in many a heart What genins' glowed within that gifted mind, them there;

Where Merriment has made her home; the What eloquence came flowing from the fountı Then Life was holy, full of heavenward joy,

Young Of fiery thought withing demand of hearts v And all their thoughts, like sunbeams, where Who hear it in the festive chamber, sigh, That felb his words, like new born feelings, play they fell,

And send their thoughts sad pilgrims to a Their inspiration round them! when with eye Shed brightness and a beauty round:-oh! ill tomb ! That with the kindling truth, he Exchanged for steaming rooms and crowded The Aged hear it, and forget the World !


A Year hath vanished, and another Year His mind'o'er empires, and round captive isles For heartless pride, and unromantic hours ! Is born : what awful changes will arise, Bade Liberty to wave her awful wings! Then worked the havoc of the mind within ; What dark events lie hidden in the womb But when the mighty die, the mean begin

The fount of gen'rous feeling frozen up- Of Time, Imagination cannot dream : To live; and thus with thee, departed one !

The heart-laugh tamed to an obsequious smile, Ye Heavens ! upon whose brow a stillness lies, Scarce on the wind thy death.knell ceased to And every young affection wither'd off

Deep as the silence of a thinking heart In bleak and barren pomp !-they died ; In its most holy hour, the World hath changed, moan, Ere darkly rose the pestilential breath

And heavy knells were rung, when marriage. But ye are changeless ; and your midnight race Of Slander's venal lip, to blight thy name,


Of starry watchers glance our glorious isle And turn thy soul as tainted as her own!

Like merry prophets, should have loudly hailed Undimm’d, as when amid her forest depths Yes! they who feard the thunders of thy voice. The coming years ;— 'twas Fashion chained The Savageroamed,

and chanted to the moon.. In Retribution's proud revenge,arose,

their course!

O England ! beautiful, and brave, and free, And on thy mem'ry heaped the hoarded wrath E'en thou, oh Genius! whose unearthly spell With Ocean like a bulwark round thee thrown! Of envy:--let them riot in their shame! Sublimes the world,' hast earn'd the dismal Thoughts of thy destiny awake the heart What, though some error cast a doubtful shade tomb

To fearful wonder ;- from the wildest state Upon thy glories, shall we laud them less ? Within the parted Year. Yet, one there was, Of darkness raised, and magnified by Heaven! Are skies less beautiful, because the clouds On whom Oblivion's pall should not have dropt What though a troubled Spirit walk the Earth, Sail o'ei them ? shines the morning sun less Her gloom; he never heard a great man's And Fancy hear the distant war-drums roll, bright,


Long may thy sea.domes proudly ride the Because a passing shade profanes his brow? Without a thrill, electric as divine ;

waves, Thou hast a monument in He never saw a monument to Mind,

And o'er the World still reign the Island Queen; That will not moulder; balls guard it But Glory came, and sat him on her throne !

May each new year add glory to thy name, there!

I saw the haughty light that lit his brow, And Time be vanquish’d, ere he sully Thee ! But not alone the glorious and the great-IT The emulation firing from his soul, Hast thou entombed, thou unreturning Year! When first that ever-haunting dream of Youth, And mantling all his features with the mind,

BIOGRAPHY. 'Tis in the noiseless sphere of common life,

DR. WOLLÁSTON. In humble homes , by happy evening hearths. The goal to which ambitious thoughts would

A PREVIOUs notice in our Gazette must have Where once the social hearts were gather'd

The City-queen of England,-met his gaze prepared the scientific world for the loss of this We tramoun learful h in thy flight

Of wonder : round him flowed her streams of eminent man. He died on Monday last, aged Alas! how many whom the infant Year


63, having, to the end of his life, evinced all Beheld in beauty, looking on through life

Fierce in the strength of countless lands and that calmness, self-possession, devotedness to isles !

science, and love of his fellow-creatures, which As through a vista of eternal joy, Have vanished,—like the bloom of early hope ! Temples, and Towers familiar with the clouds, was to be expected from his character through.

out the whole of his career. If we can procure What blue-eyed babes, beside the parent knee And Streets gigantic, in their glittering flow Reflecting smile for smile, have winged away,

Branching away, like rivers in the sun, a memoir worthy of him, we shall lay it before Like birds of Paradise, to their own home! Claimed tributary awe,--but soon grew dim;

our readers. What creatures, budding into womanhood,

From ancient times a mighty shadow came, Who loved the silent walk, and made the flowers and in it, his enthusiastic eye

SKETCHES OP SOCIETY. Companions of their virgin thoughts,báve Saw Spirits, who are palaced in the skies! A Sketch of a French Young Lady educated gone For But Genius is a martyr to itself;

at a Convent. To graves, with all a mother's treasured Hope ! And that immortal lava of the soul,

(Addressed to an English Lady.) Go, see the mournful chamber, where of yore That fire he felt, for which there is no name, A FRENCH young lady, at sixteen or seven. When Winter howled his dirge, the gush of song Consumed him, while it glorified each thought: teen years of age, goes from a convent into the And heart-warm fellowship of evening hours One midnight, when, deserted and untrod, world (you know what a convent is): the nuns, Was heard,—now mute, as if the tones of Joy The Capital had locked her thousand limus with whom she has lived ever since her child. Had never scatter'd echoes there lilAlas! In slumber, and a silence shrouded all, hood, restore her to her parents, who frequently For him, who in the green young spring had wed with a cathedral awe, alone he stood the same day deliver her to a husband,-her The heart he worshipp'd; gaily beamed the Amid some mute vast square, and deeply only previous acquaintance with whom consisted Sun


in some frigid•compliments paid her through a

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grate. She can say her beads, the angelus, i found to have no taste nor talents for music, On the tables around are mineralogical spethe benedicile, the thanksgiving; she has learned the singing-master must bestow the more pains cimens, organic remains, &c. &c.; the whole a hundred ways of recommending herself to the in teaching her to sol-fa, and she will scream offering an agreeable half hour's lounge, which saint whose name she bears, to her guardian most confidently little opera airs, and play long we the more readily recommend, as the proangel, to the patron saint of the order and of concertos.

prietor appears to be a meritorious person, and the convent. She has read more than once Think, madam, how wonderful are the know. nearly as original as the needlework. some extracts of the legend ; she knows a ledge and acquirements of a young English lady number of marvellous tricks which demons of rank who has been fashionably educated !

A PANORAMA of the Greek War is daily to be and spirits play in this lower world; she is the mother exults in introducing a daughter seen at the Rotunda, near Blackfriars' Bridge, ignorant of none of those little pastimes with so well tutored to play her character-athrms The views (some dozen in number) revolve which the imagination and judgment of girls she is all talent, beauty, and elegance-com- before the eyes of the spectators, and shev are exercised ; she can colour images, and adorn pletely finished - an absolute phanix.

The them the principal scenes and events of this with straw and gilt paper an Agnus Dei or young lady, enriched with so many perfections, memorable contest. There is music, to prepare a holy relic, as elegantly as a professed nun. finds herself the leader of a numerous and flat- the spirits for the moonlight passes and the Perhaps she also knows how to embroider a tering set of acquaintances—is presented at desperate fights; and our young friends vil Aower in gold or silk, and in thread on cloth, Almack's-goes to every party devotes her like it much better, even át törst sight, than to work à la marli, to make buckles of ribands, self to fashion--and is advised by her mamma

their Greek Lexicons. and even to knit stockings. She has received to become the bride of the most eligible man in the great parlour some lessons of the minuet that offers before the close of the season,

MUSIC. and country dance; she makes admirably well the most profound courtesies. Lastly, if she is

The Elements of Flute Playing. By T. Linde fond of music, the matron grand chantress will The following is a verbatim copy of a printed

say. Intended to aid the Pupil and the take a pleasure in teaching her to sol-fa, and bill left by a party of these nuisances and

Preceptor. London, 1828. she will sing most devoutly little hymns and sleepbreakers. " To the ladies ‘and gentle. We have examined this work with much at long canticles.

men residing in Brunswick, Tavistock, and tention, and exceedingly regret that our liptir See, madam, how far they go-the know-Euston Squares, Burton Crescent, and neigh-|(for notices of this class) do not permit us to reda ledge, the talents, the attainments, of a young bourhood. Ladies and Gentlemen,-With sen. der ample justice to the value of so excellent a Frenchwoman of quality, who has been well sible recollection of by-gone patronage, your book of instruction. But we cannot help.exe educated. The mother glories in having a : Wandering Melodists, the Christmas Waits,' pressing our concurrence in the author's remarks daughter so well formed for the world ; she beg to offer

their best compliments on the ap- on the choice of an instrument ; she want of pretends to discover that she does not hold up proaching festival. The Band on this occa, caution and judgment in the purchase of whieta her head, that she has a shoulder too high, or sion, as heretofore, has been numerous and has frequently been pernicious, as well as ex an awkward air, to have it thought that she select, and trust

to merit that liberal diffusion pensive to the amateur. Mr. L. seems to be may still be improved, so as to become a pro- and cheered our hearts

for a series of years. ously availed himself of the abilities of the best

of your favours which has enlivened our homes perfectly studied in the fute, and has industri. digy: The young lady, enriched with such an ample collection of accomplishments, is placed at We trust our sprightly notes of melody, awak- masters who have preceded him at the same the head of a numerous and splendid household, ing sweet Echo on the dull ear of Night, has time honestly acknowledging the sources from is presented at court, introduced into all compa- stole on your gentle slumbers, and again lulled which he has compiled. We admire his dianies, given up to the great world, and it is you to repose with the soothing candanza of gram shewing the angle of elevation of the recommended to her to commence mother of the lullaby.

instrument across the lips, and alsa the mode of family within the year.

M. Putnam and J. Lawless, Violins, 6, Swinton Place, representing the fingering of the notes, both of

Bagnigge Wells Road, and 33, Middlesex Street, Somers [The above has been translated from an old French work, Town; J. Sayer, Clarionet, , Hertford Street, Somers which are (to us) ingenious and novel modes and thus parodied with

reference to the march of mind Town; E. Smith, Double Bass, 16, Little Coram Street; of explanation. The rules for applying the in the education of English females.]

J. Smith, Violoncello, T. Shambler, Flute, 7, Swinton various ways of fingering were much wanted, (Addressed to a Chinese Lady.) Place, Bagnigge Wells Road.

and are well exemplified. Mr. L. is also very Ay English young lady at sixteen or seventeen Having redeemed our pledge, we shall have sound in his remarks on tone, accentuation, years of age, sometimes sooner, goes from a

the honour of paying our personal respects in and tonguing; and has given a regular series boarding school into the world_(you know the holyday

week. In respectfully taking our of well-digested examples for a student's prae what a boarding school is); the governess

with leave,
we beg to remind
you, that as some who tice. On the whole, we congratulate him

on whom she has lived ever since her childhood are pretenders to the Magic

Wand of Apollo, the merits of his very useful work, and wish (except during the holydays) restores her to would attempt to impose on your liberality, him every success with it. His second book her parents, who, frequently the same day, and defraud us of your favours, it may be will

, we trust, soon make its appearance, and introduce her to their friends, of whom she necessary to say, that we will produce a book

must meet with a very favourable reception. knows a little by a few cold caresses she has with a printed label, containing our names,

Referring to preceding works of this class, received from them in her mamma's drawing- instruments, and addresses as above."

we may remark, (and it will be a sort of retroroom, when at home for the holydays, before

spective musical review,), that Wragg's old being brought out. She knows very well how


work, (though it has run through eighteen sets to conduct herself at church, repeat her prayers, Ar the Western Exchange Gallery, in Bond of plates !) is so unscientific and monotonous and note down the heads of the sermon. She Street, there is an exhibition, by an ingenious from beginning to end, as now to be despised has a hundred ways of recommending herself individual, of the name of Walker, which con- by all intelligent masters. Gunn's philosophi to the world for her devotion to the religion sists of a remarkable variety of articles. Among cal work (compiled about forty years ago), is she professes her own conscience, and the these is (we should suppose) a unique specimen more. theoretical than practical, and, like patroness of the Bible Society to which she of ancient needlework, representing the Mes-Wragg's, is many year too ancient to possess belongs. She has read, at least once, all the siah assembling the people of all nations, from any of the great advantages which have resulted popular novels ; she knows a number of extra- the Apocalypse. It it very large, and consists from the modern improvements of fingering ordinary tricks which lords and ladies play in of hundreds of figures, celestial and terrestrial. Nicholson's book, (not, however, his excellent the fashionable world ; she is ignorant of none Probably the business of some conventual work for advanced pupils, called Preceptive of those little flirtations with which the imagi- society for many years, though it is nothing as Lessons, which is really clever,) is entirely nation and judgment of girls are exercised ; a production of art, it is certainly a great unworthy the author's name, having been she can paint flowers, and adorn chimney- curiosity as a work of human invention and written by him when a mere lad, and long pieces with straw and gilt paper, and other industry. In the gallery are several pictures before he had acquired even a small portion of knick-knacks, as elegantly as a supplier to one of considerable merit and interest is including his present high reputation. 'Again, Mon. of the bazars. Perhaps she also knows how a Group of Irish Peasants, which makes us zani's Preceptor, though an excellent work in to embroider a flower on muslin in worsted or acquainted with the name of a painter of that some respects, is so very defective in arrangesatin-stitch, to work en appliquée, make bead country, Grattan, (who has, we understand, ment as greatly to lessen its uuility, and, by : bracelets, and even gentlemen's watch-guards. been dead some years,) and does credit to bis strange error in judgment, is filled up with She has been taught in the dancing-room how talents. There are parts of it possessing much cadenzas and preludes, fit only for concerto to walk a quadrille, and in the coach-house beauty, and the whole is clever and charac. players! Dressler's work, lately published, how to step into a carriage ; gives admirable ceristic. An early picture by Northoote, finely although much too difficult, is perhaps the best stares, and inimitable nods, Lastly, if she is coloured, is also among the number,

book of them all,



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perfectly clear, is warmed up for use, and a gradual improvement. Two Frenchmen of THE theatres during this week present no

served as café noir, without milk, in small considerable talent have in contemplation the novelty, except Mr. Kean's (the younger) per cups, demi tasses, or with boiling milk, in the establishment of a French newspaper at Napoli, formance of Romeo to Miss Philips's Juliet. proportion of one-third coffee to two-thirds or Navarin; and a similar undertaking is proHaving been prevented from witnessing it, we

milk. In private families in France, as injected at Corfu. To the first of these, support can only say for the present, that it bears a

this country, the coffee is made by infusion, will probably be given by the French govern. good report in the theatrical circles. Great without chicorée, or the latter is used only ment, as it is not likely that, in the present preparations have been made for the Christmas medicinally. Where the frequent use of coffee state of society in Greece, the work would sue

pantomimes ; but we must be at press before is found to over-stimulate the stomach, and ceed upon its own merits. i they begin on Friday night.

to distress the nerves, occasioning pain and Jerusalem Artichokes.--In some parts of the acidities, the Paris physicians order a little North of France, the root of the Jerusalem

Castile soap to be scraped into the cup with artichoke has been introduced into use for the VARIETIES.

the coffee. This produces scarcely any un- purpose of distillation. The wash made from Phrenology.-Dr. Spurzheim, the pupil and pleasant taste, although the contrary might this vegetable is found to yield a very pure but friend of the late Dr. Gall, is now at Toulon, be expected, and is very highly extolled by strong spirit, which resembles that obtained examining, by permission of the government, persons who use it. In Portugal, coffee is from the grape, more than any other substitute the skulls of all the convicts. He writes to always made by infusion, and is taken very that has hitherto been tried. As the root his friends, that he expects, from these exami. strong,-an ounce being used for one good-sized grows readily in this country, and might be nations, to produce many decided proofs of the cup; yet, from its cheapness, a small cup of cultivated abundantly, it would be well to try correctness of his doctrine.

coffee, including sugar and milk, may be had the experiment here, as we have pow no medium Bavaria. The population of Bavaria con- in a first-rate coffee-house for a penny. In spirit between genuine French brandy, which is i sists of about 3,960,000 individuals, spread over most parts of Spain coffee is but little used, so much ovortaxed, and the fiery produce of

229 towns, 399 burghs, 2,920 villages, and and is then made very weak,—an ounce only grain, sold under the denominations of gin and 28,450 hamlets. Divided according to their being used for eight or ten persons. Where whisky. religious faith, this population comprehends there are French coffee-bouses, the French Adulterated Bread. It was stated some time 2,720,000 Catholics, 1,103,000 Cbristians of mode of preparing it is adopted. In France ago in the Literary Gaxetle, that an epidemic the Angsburg confession, 80,000 reformed the ground coffee at the grocers' shops is fre-disease of great virulence, which was atiributed Christians, 66,000 Israelites, and 1,000 per.quently adulterated with burnt chestnuts. It to the adulteration of the bread, had manifested sons of various other sects. Public instruction ought to be added, that the coffee which is itself in many parts of Paris, but particularly posts the government annually 735,000 forins, used in private families in France, owes much in hospitals and other public institutions. Á which is about a sixth of the whole expense of of its delicious flavour to the fact of its being recent French paper states that the disorder bas the administration of the interior. The num- used soon after roasting. The process of roast-not yet entirely disappeared, and that a rigid ber of establishments devoted to education is ing is carried on there by retail grocers and analysis of the bread used in the hospitals about 6,580 ; viz. three universities, two schools private families every day; whereas in this and other public places infested with it, has of law, seven normal schools, 118 lyceums, country, the berries from which our coffee is been ordered by the government. M. Recegymnasiums, colleges, particular schoole, &c. ; prepared, has, generally speaking, been roasted mier says the disease resembles very much the and 5,400 primary schools. The number of several months previously.

convulsio raphania of Linnæus, which that professors is 7,114, without reckoning nearly Bremen Wine.-The cellars of the senate of botanist ascribed to the raphæum raphanistrum, 300 inspectors, whose duty is to superintend Bremen had long been famous for good old the seeds of which plant are frequently found and improve the various institutions. The wine, of which no one was allowed to have mixed with the ears of wheat and other grain. Jews have an especial school for their children, even a few bottles without an express permis- The malady to which Linnæus has given the and a learned academy at Furth. The total sion from the illustrious body to which it name of convulsio raphania, consists of violent number of persons thus receiving education in belonged. During the occupation of Bremen agitation, and pains in the limbs, with contrac. the kingdom is 500,000; that is to say, about by the French troops, however, the rule re- tions of various duration. M. Recamier, in an eighth of the population. There are also quiring this permission was disregarded. The consequence of its striking analogy to the epi. many Sunday schools.

cellar at that period contained a great deal of demic which has existed in Paris for the last M. Caillé.There is some idea in France Rhenish wine, two centuries old. As the tuns six months, has given to the latter the name of of sending out M. Caillé, and two or three were drawn off, the deficiency was supplied morbus raphaniformis ; --but nothing has yet others to Africa ; but the government will not with new wine ; but the mixture is still passed transpired, either from the most careful investi. come to any decision on the subject until the off as being 200 years of age !

gation of symptoms or dissection after death, to report of the Geographical Society on the Steam Cannon.-The late failure of Mr. add to the slender knowledge already possessed accounts given by this traveller of T'imbuctoo Perkins, at Vincennes, has not had the effect of this curious affection. and other places, have been delivered.

of discouraging the French government from The Medical Profession. A great stir is Coffe.A general belief prevails in this other attempts to make steam cannon. We making in France among the members of the country, that the acknowledged superiority of hear that Messrs. Perrier and Edwards, who medical profession, on account of a communi. the coffee which is made in France is to be are eminent engineers at Chaillot, near Paris, cation from the government that it is in. attributed to the chicorée powder which is put have been employed to prepare something in tended to revise all the laws which affect the into it before boiling. The truth, however, is, this way from models furnished by the French faculty,—for the purpose, as it should seem, of that this powder, which is made from the dried government; and that hopes are entertained putting an end to empiricism, and making the and roasted root of the cultivated dandelion, is of being able to produce a cannon as formidable study of medicine and surgery more beneficial only used in coffee-bouses and other places of in proportion as the steam musket-barrel exhi. to the public, There have been several public entertainment in France for the pur. bited by Mr. Perkins. Yet it is difficult to meetings of the faculty of Paris on the pose of adulteration, as the addition of a tea- conceive how, even if success attend the at. subject; and a committee has been appointed spoonful of it to an ounce of coffee will give tempt to produce an engine of this kind, it by theni to confer with the government. as much colour and Aavour as the addition of can be made available in a field of battle. On Extraordinary Vase.At one of the recent hall an ounce of genuine coffee. The cost of board ship, however, or in siege, it might prove sittings of the Geographical Society in Paris, the chicorée is somothing under three pence very destructive to an enemy.

after a coinmunication had been read from the per pound in France; but in this country, Greece. It has already been stated in the minister of marine, stating his readiness to where it is justly recommended to be mixed Lit. Gax. that the French government had re. comply with the suggestions made by the So. with coffee to correct its heating properties, it solved to send out another scientific expedition ciety in favour of M. Caillé, the traveller has been modestly advertised at half-a-crown. to Greece. We now find that the minister of lately arrived from Timbuetoo, M. Warden The usual mode in which cotfee is prepared the interior has desired the Academy of Sci. communicated the extract of a letter from the la France at the coffee-houses, is this. Cold ences, and two or three similar institutions, Count de Saqui, dated from the Havannah, in water is poured upon the ground coffee, in the to select each one or two persons of scientific which he announces, that in digging a well at proportion of one pint to two ounces of the knowledge, to form part of the projected expe. a house within twelve leagues of the city, his powder, with one sixth or eighth part of the dition. It is also intended to send to the No- nephew discovered, at a depth of about 100 feet, powder of chicorée added. This is then placed rea a complete printing apparatus, for the pur- a vase, in the most perfect state of preservain the ashes of a wood fire, and left stewing pose of getting up works in the French lan- tion, covered with hieroglyphics and with some for several hours. It is then taken away and guage, adapted to the present state of intellect figures, one of which bears a resemblance to allowed to settle, and being poured off when Jin the country, but so antrived us to promou the Sagittarius of our zodiac, in the act of

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