Imatges de pàgina


ter ; but he declared he knew nothing of him Here's a health to the great, who are patrons of arts, In a slight notice of Gwynn, the architect, beyond his fame as a sculptor."

Who for good British hands have true British hearts;
Abroad who disdain for their pleasures to roam,

we are informed that Dr. Johnson wrote the 1 The unhappy fate of Procter has more than But encourage true merit and genius at home.

preface to, and corrected his book, London and once been alluded to in our columns : he af. If I was not mistaken, I heard some folks say,

Westminster Improved, of which recent builders fords a melancholy example of proud and, if That our guests seem'd to relish the feast of today; not neglected, improperly treated, genius, And those deserve praise who buit strive to excel.

That with candour they own we at least have

aim'd well, and others

have made so extensive a use. (See

Literary Gazette for 1827.) which, conscious of itself, spurns the offensive But our artists,-the fact to our shame is well known,-

We have now finished our extracts from this patronage of inferior natures, indelicately of- Like our wives, are neglected, because they're our own ; remarkable publication, and have but little to fered or rudely displayed. “ He executed (as And embrace the dear strangers-to shew our virtis


add by way of remark to the observations we we have somewhere recorded) a fine model of When good Master Christie tricks out his fine show,

have casually thrown out in our progress. We Diomedes thrown to his horses, but unfortu. All is not pure gold which there glitters, we know; are sorry to be obliged to say that our opinion nately of so large a size, that no one was But with pompous fine titles he humbugs the town;

of the Royal Academy and of the author has tempted to buy it; and, as he could not afford If the names are but foreign, the trash will go down, to pay for a place to keep it in, he actually

not been raised by the perusal of such stateFor this purpose some shrewd picture-merchants, they ments as appear in our quotations. The nasty knocked it to pieces.".

Keep many a good Raphael and Rubens in pay; spirit of mutual depreciation which is evinced And, lo! the consequences.

« In 1794, And halt the Poussins and Correggios you neet, in the stories related of the most eminent when the period arrived at which the Royal There with pencils and brushes they drive a snug trade; liberality and candour of the distinguished Were daub'd in a garret in Aldersgate Street:

academicians, gives us a wretched idea of the Academy was to send a student at Rome, they There ancients are form'd and originals made; fixed upon Procter; but no one knew where to New trifies are shelter'd beneath an old name, body to which they belonged. We trust it is find or hear anything of him. However, and pictures, like bacon, are smoked into fame. better now s' and that intrigue, envy, malice, Mr. West, with his usual zeal, after much Such arts we disclaim, and such tricks we despises and uncharitableness, are less common than in inquiry, discovered him in an obscure lodging,

On their own little pinions our eaglets shall rise;
upheld by your praises, perchance they may soar

the days and instances commemorated by Mr. in a deplorably reduced state. Upon this he To the summit of fame, which they ne'er reached before. Smith. Respecting that author himself, we instantly relieved him, invited him to dinner, When strong prepossession no longer shall blind,

are free to confess that our sentiments are and promised him letters of introduction to his Nor the shackles of prejudice fetter the mind, any thing but favourable. That he has amused Roman friends: but, alas ! during the short The beauties of truth ihen old Time shall unveil, And merit o'er folly and fashion prevail.

us, we will not deny--for malignity is too apt preparation for his departure, Mr. West reThen let's drink to the great, who are patrons of arts,

to annuse us all. But we will never, while ceived the sad intelligence of his being found who for good British hands have good British hearts ;

we have the means of influencing the public dead in his bed, at his humble lodgings, op- Abroad who disdain for their pleasures to roam, judgment, cease to protest against that VAM. posite the cider-cellar, in Maiden Lane, Covent But encourage true merit and genius at home.”

PIRE SCHOOL of writers, be they Hunts or Garden. He died in his forty-first year, and

Our next are piquant anecdotes.

Smiths, whose horrid task it is to re-animate was buried in Hampstead churchyard.”. * Mortimer, the painter, was remarkably the dead only for the purpose of shewing the Sherwin, the painter (distinguished in his tall, and Edwards a very short man, and un- world how unnatural and disgusting are the day), is luckless enough to tempt a memorial fortunately deformed, though he always stood monsters whom they rouse from the dark and from the pen of Mr. Smith, who says: erect, to make the most of himself. These concealing grave. It is a vile and an odious

** Of all the men I ever knew, sherwin was artists painted each a picture of the same sub- office : it outrages the sanctity of death, and the most difficult to get money from, as he ject, the Cavern of Despair, from Spenser, fills the living with just cause of alarm, lest generally lost it in gambling as soon as he got which they sent to the Society of Arts for a what has been the doom of the past to others it. His manquvres to rid himself of a dun prize; and during the time their works were may be the doom of the future to them. It is were sometimes whimsically ingenious. I re- hanging up, it happened that Mortimer and true, perhaps, that the penurious and miserly collect a purblind engraver of the name of Edwards were standing by the side of each babits of Nollekens have made us commiserate Roberts, the artist who etched the fifty small other, looking at Edwards's picture. Edwards, his hapless fate in having a biographer of this views round London, from drawings made by quite erect, with his usual importance, striking kind, less than we would that of almost any Chatelain, and who had frequently importuned his cane perpendicularly on the floor, at arm's- other individual ; but have we not also seen a him for cash, being prevailed upon to partake length, thus addressed his antagonist :

-Well, Byron's memory violated by baseness of the of a bottle of wine, in order to drink success Mr. Mortimer ! how do you like my picture?' same sordid and malicious character, and shall to the arts, before he paid him. Sherwin, "Sir, there are some good parts in it; but we not raise our voice against the infamous proafter the second glass, wishing to leave him, why did you make your reptiles so small ?' | fanation ? and knowing that Roberts could not see cor- Edwards, putting his left hand upon his hip, Tectly beyond the bottle, moved his lay-figure, or, what may be better conceived, his arm upon which he had put an old coat, from the a-kimbo, looking up to Mortimer, observed. The Works of Lord Byron. In 4 vols. 18mo. corner of the room, and placed it as Roberts's. The smaller the more venomous.'

London, 1829. J. Murray. companion ; but before he stołe out of the stu- “ The corner house of Long Acre, now No. This is a new edition of Mr. Murray's cheap

dio, he requested Mr. Roberts to keep the bot- 72, formed a small part of the extensive pre- publication of Lord Byron's works, which, ttle by him, and to finish it whilst he wrote mises formerly occupied by that singularly being sold at the low price of 18s., was calcuanswers to some letters for the post. Roberts, haughty character, Cobb, the upholsterer, who lated to drive piratical and surreptitious copies who had no idea of his having quitted the occasionally employed Banks, the cellaret- out of the market. That it is likely to do so, table, now and then, as he took an occasional maker, to whom I applied for information re.

more effectually than prosecutions and law. glass, silently bowed, respectfully acknowledg- specting him. Cobb, he said, was perhaps one suits, may be presumed from the fact, that ing the presence of his host. "At last, after of the proudest men in England, and always nearly 10,000 copies were immediately sold of some time had elapsed, he ventured to observe appeared in full dress of the most superb and this edition, which, though of the same-sized that he had a great way to go; but receiving costly kind, in which state he would strut volume as the preceding, has a larger and more no remark, he got up, walked round the table, through his workshops, giving orders to his legible type to recommend it: this, if it may and modestly requested payment. Upon no men. He was the person who brought that very not please the elegant fancy and taste of the answer being returned, he went close enough convenient table into fashion which draws out in printer (T. Davison) so much as the former to whisper the real state of his situation, front, with upper and inward rising desks, 80 neat publication, will better suit the eyes of when, discovering the trick, he left the house healthy for those who stand to write, read, or readers, and consequently be better relished indignantly. However, Sherwin, who had draw. The late king frequently employed him, by numbers of his Majesty's liege and poetical been that evening lucky at play, upon our in- and often smiled at his pomposity. One day, subjects. [Since writing this, a letter from a forming him of poor Roberts's distressed situa- when Mr. Cobb was in his majesty's library at correspondent (see our Literary Notices) not tion, sent him the money early the next morn- Buckingham House, giving orders to a work. only confirms our views, but gives some curious

ing, with an additional guinea for the time he man, whose ladder was placed before a book information connected with this subject.] had lost, with which he was desired to drink which the king wanted, his majesty desired the king's health.”

Cobb to hand him the work, which instead.of The Village : a Descriptive Poem. To which In the sketch of Bacon, the sculptor, we are obeying, he called to his man, '. Fellow, give are added, Warwick, and other Pieces. By treated with a song relative to the formation of me that book! The king, with his usual the Rev. G. M. Johnson. 12mo. pp. 130. the Royal Academy, entitled “the Patrons,” condescension, arose and asked what his man's London, 1828, Hurst, Chance, and Co.; written by the Rev. Dr. Franklin, and sung name was. Jenkins,' answered the astonished Warwick, J. Merridew. by Mr. Beard at the “institutory dinner:" it upholsterer. Then,' observed the king, · Jen- SOME graceful description, and a tone of moral is as follows: kins, you shall hand me the book.'

and religious feeling, recommend the little


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volume now before-us. We will give a short | low words, the grammar is often faulty. We happily accomplishing an enterprise in which extract as a specimen.

know not what to quote; for the preface men- so many brave travellers have fallen.

tions that some of the stories have been pub- Far be it from me to conceive the idea of Veiling in clouds his gorgeous brow, Whilst far his parting glories spread,

lished before, without particularising them; detracting from the merit of this bold and The king of day majestic, slow,

and we are unwilling to incur the charge of “ a adventurous traveller, or to blame the just Sinks on the crimson'd ocean's bed.

twice-told tale.” But this we must say, that pride which he feels at having brought his Now lower and still lower yet,

there is much promise in Mr. Ritchie; only let enterprise to a happy termination; but the A moment, and he disappears. 'Tis past;-his god-like form is set,

bim add industry and attention to his other justice which is due to the memory of another To shine the life of other spheres.

qualifications. We should mention, at this traveller, who has perished by the barbarous But still a radiance fires the skies,

season of ghost stories, that there are some hand of an assassin, calls upon me to shex Far up the regions of the west,

well-told ones in this book. Bright'ning with deep vermilion dyes

you, sir, that M. Caillé is neither the only Th' horizon where he sank to rest.

nor the first European who has visited Time So when, his goal of glory won,

Autographs of Royal, Noble, Learned, and Re-i buctoo.
The Christian sinks in death's embrace,

markable Personages, conspicuous in English
A thousand deeds of goodness done,

The late Major Laing was the first who Leave on the heart their hallow'd trace.

History, from the Reign of Richard' the Se- ever reached Timbuctoo, as I shall prove by So when, my earthly trial past,

cond to that of Charles the Second. Engraved the most indisputable authority,-namely, his 1 yield to Heav'n's all-righteous doom,

under the direction of Charles John Smith. own hand-writing, and that of his servant, May justice, truth, and friendship, cast Their glorious halo round my tomb !"

Accompanied by concise Biographical Me- who is now at Tripoli. In a letter, dated There is a very pretty lithographic view of

moirs, and interesting Extracts from the Timbuctoo, Sept. 21, 1826, addressed to the Warwick Castle for a frontispiece.

original Documents. By John Gough Ni- consul, Mr. Warrington, now lying before me,

chols. London. Parts V. and VI. J. B. the Major says that he arrived in this city on The Beggar's Daughter of Bethnal Green: a

Nichols and Son.

the 18th of the preceding month; that he in. Comedy. By James Sheridan Knowles, LET any person who doubts that the hand- tended to quit it on the day following the date Author of “ Virginius.” 8vo. pp. 92. Lon- writing of different persons varies as much as of his letter, that is to say, on the 221 Sept., don, 1828, B. Stewart, and J. Ridgway; their features vary, take up this singularly and to proceed on the road to Sego; he then Edinburgh, Constable and Co.; Glasgow, curious and valuable publication, and he will enters into many details relative to this city, R. Griffin and Co.; Dublin, W. F. Wake- presently be convinced of his error. It is and gives a great number of curious documents

impossible to conceive so extraordinary a diver- which he had collected on the subject, and We must confess that our verdict of the closet sity. Like human countenances also, there other materials, which will, without doubt, bo does not at all invalidate that of the stage. In are twenty ugly scrawls for one tolerably good one day published. this unfortunate comedy we can find neither looking manuscript. These two Parts contain He accordingly left Timbuctoo on the 22d amusement nor interest. But there are some above ninety autographs. Many of them con- Sept. with a small caravan, having only one passages not unworthy of the author of Vir- sist of very interesting letters, or portions of Arab servant; on the third evening he was ginius; witness the following burst of patriotic letters ; and the historical and biographical joined by several Arabs belonging to the cara. feeling.

illustrations by which they are accompanied van, and afterwards basely massacred. It hap"I will not, cannot quit my native land ! abound in interesting matter.

ened that the above-mentioned letter, written Bapn'd as I am, 'tis precious to me still.

from Timbuctoo, was in the possession of his It is my fathers' land-'tis lov'd for that; 'Tis thine-thy child's-it should be lov'd for you;

Nouveaux Fragments, Philosophiques, pour servant. His baggage was entirely pillaged, It should be lov'd, if only for itself!

servir à l'Histoire de la Philosophie Ancienne. and his journal and numerous papers carried 'Tis free, it hath no despot, but its laws;

Par M. Victor Cousin, Professeur à la Faculté off; but we have still hopes that they will be "Tis independent; it can stand alone; 'Tis mighty, 'gainst its enemies 'tis one.

des Lettres de Paris. * &vo. Chez Pichon et recovered. The servant' has undergone the Where can I find a land the like of it?

Didier, à Paris.

most rigorous examination; he is firm and Its son, though under ban and forfeiture, Is envied for it. He's the brother of

This appears to be an exceedingly valuable consistent in all his answers, and, I regret to The free! I cannot quit my native land: publication, uniting the double merit of erudi- say, that there is great reason to suppose that For sight of other land I would not give The feeling of its breath.-The wall of him

tion and philosophical speculation ; full of this enterprising traveller fell a victim to the That does not forfeit it, which none may scale, knowledge of antiquity, and of learned inter: traitorous and barbarous Bello, who behaved However proud, unscath'd, to do him wrong. pretations ;-a work of patient research into so scandalously to Captain Clapperton. I cannot, will not quit my native land !" scattered, mutilated, and obscure texts, and at

I therefore hope from your justice, as a man We are tempted to recommend Mr. Knowles the same time of elevated views, and profound devoted to the sciences, and particularly to to adhere to the graver sister Tragedy; and we abstraction.

geography, and as president of the central wish him in such adherence ample success, to

committee, that you will give the same pubrecompense his late disappointment.

licity to this communication as has been given ARTS AND SCIENCES.

to the fortunate result of the meritorious enImprovement of Smithfield Market ; with Ele.

terprise of M. Caillé. I have the honour to vations, and a Ground Plan of the Building in the care merge do correstondence we recognise with great be, sir, your very obedient servant, proposed to be erected as a Market-house. row, in the midst of his laborious public duties, to re

John BARROW. London. Holdsworth and Ball.

claim for his country the merit of an achievement
justly due to its enterprise and perseverance. We also

Extract from the reply of M. Jomard to We sincerely hope that the period is not far refer' with satisfaction to M. Jomard's liberal explana

Mr. Barrow. distant when that disgrace to the metropolis, tion; while at the same time we rejoice that the ques

Paris, Oct. 31, 182 the cattle-market of Smithfield, will be re

tion has been set upon a less equivocal footing than it The following, sir, are the very expressions moved. In contemplation of that event, the row's letter is also very interesting, from the late and which are the subject of your complaint." He author of this little treatise proposes the erec- authentic intelligence which it contains on the subject (M. Auguste Caille) is the only European who tion in Smithfield of a general Market-house,

of our African expeditions.-Ed. L. G.]

has hitherto brought to a successful conclusion to be undertaken by the corporation of Lon

M. Auguste Caillé's Visit to Timbuctoo.

an enterprise in which so many brare travel. don. The plan seems to be a good one; but

To M. Jomard, Member of the Institute. lers have fallen." the elevations appear to us to have rather too

Admiralty, London, Oct. 28th, 1828. You see, sir, that this refers to the happy much architectural decoration for a building SIR,_I have the honour to address myself to return of the traveller to his country, and not that is to be applied to such a purpose.

you on a subject in which I am persuaded you to the discovery of Timbuctoo. Thus, after

take as much interest as myself the progress the death of Dr. Oudney, Messrs. Clapperton Tales and Confessions. By Leitch Ritchie. of the discoveries in Africa.

and Denham, who were more fortunate, te8vo. pp. 364. London, 1829. Smith, Elder, I see, by the supplement to the 66th bul- turned to their native country; it might

, and Co.

letin, published by the Geographical Society of therefore, have been said, on their arrival in There is a considerable deal of talent dis- Paris, that a Frenchman, of the name of Caillé, England, that they were the first Europeans played in this volume; pictures always coarse, has succeeded in reaching the city of Timbuc-/who had returned from Bornou, and had sula but often very strongly worked up, and many too; and that M. Delaporte, vice-consi? - sfully accomplished that journey, and this situations quite melo-dramatic. William Jones Tangier, observes in his letter to v

'it detr: is a powerful, but painful, story; so is the nouncing the arrival of M. Caill',

t? Informer. In the humorous, our author fails traveller consoles himself for the fat completely; and the language is inexcusably he has endured, by the reflection tha careless, indeed, beside mean epithets and only European who has hitherto su:


in any manner from the Pinot doubt, therefore,

not only to me, but ench vice-consul; : nobody has ini

grees were conferred :

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tended to deprive your countrymen of the glory sor of Hebrew in the University of Oxford, a Dr. Sir James Edward Smith is known in which belongs to them. I am proud of having man most eminent in the literary pursuit he every country and in every place over the contributed to lay down as a principle in the had selected, and advanced to the high station whole civilised world, where natural history regulations of the Geographical Society, that of professor by the disinterested regard for is cultivated as a science. Dr. Smith having travellers of all nations have an equal right merit of an individual still living, and who at added to the usual accomplishments of a to its attention ; that the rewards are for all, the time held the most confidential office in polite scholar an extensive acquaintance with whatever be their country; in short, that there the government of this country. Much cer- botany, he took, at an early period of his is no distinction made by the society between tainly was expected from Mr. Nicoll in the life, the decisivé step of acquiring the Her. foreigners and Frenchmen.

recondite learning appropriate to his station ; barium of the great Linnæus, augmented by Permit me, sir, to add one reflection. If and if the experience of past diligence and his son. The purchase was made in SweI had had to draw up a list of the Europeans acumen may be taken as an assurance of future den, after the government of that country who have reached Timbuctoo, I should not active exertion, these expectations would not had'declined to buy, at a moderate price, the have forgotten several individuals who appear have been disappointed. But he is lost to us most precious relict of its most distinguished to have visited it; and perhaps I should have at an early age.

subject ; and, by so doing, to rescue from diffi. mentioned Robert Adams, though his journey Mr. William Phillips has not, indeed, ap- culties those in whose welfare this illustrious has been doubted, ma circumstance on which, peared in the Philosophical Transactions; but reformer of natural history had been most as you know, opinions are divided. M. Dela- his labours have assisted the inquiries of geo- nearly interested. Dr. Smith embarked his porte, too, would not have failed to mention logists and mineralogists in every part of the acquisition, and after escaping a danger the them, if such had been his object; but his world. In English geology he contributed a last to be apprehended, and which, from reintention was merely to announce the happy joint share towards a work unfortunately not spect to a country of literature and of science, return of the traveller, after having crossed yet complete, but confessedly the most luminous I shall not describe, the collection was landed the Great Desert, which did not happen either and accurate that has yet appeared. And in in England, where full security and protection to Hornemann, Park, or Oudney, or the un- crystalography, those alone who have made afforded the proprietor leisure for making that fortunate Laing, or so many other lamented some progress in that most beautiful yet in- use of the collection which has so amply esta. victims.

tricate science, are capable of appreciating the blished his fame. Soon afterwards, Dr. Sir extent of his merit.

Edward Smith most fortunately employed himLITERARY AND LEARNED.

The first name that presents itself from the self in kindling a separate light from the ilOxford, Nov. 29.--On Thursday last the following de Transactions is that of Mr. Mills, to whom lustrious body I have now the honour to ad

we are indebted for a geological communica- dress; and several others having since fol. Bachelors in Dirinity: Rev. E. Burton, Christ Church, tion on the Wyn Dykes, and on the basalt of lowed in a similar manner, they are now Grand Compounder Hom, and Rev. G. Pellew, Corpus Scotland and Ireland, so long ago as the year spreading a brilliant illumination over the

Masters of Arts. Rev. W. Scarbrough, Christ Church; 1790; at a period when that science, the dis- whole horizon of science ; while, so far from Rev. F.C. Allerman, Exeter College; Rev. W. Badnall, tinguishing glory perhaps of the nineteenth obscuring, they continue to increase the lustre

Bachelors' op dits.-W. H. Graham, Exeter College, century, had scarcely acquired a distinct appel- of their parent fame. What, therefore, this Grand Compounder: J. James, Queen's College; I. U. lation in our language.

distinguished naturalist has done for the Lin. Cooke, St. Edmund Hall; H. J. Hutton, Magdalen Hall; T. Humphreys, Jesus College; R. Billing, Wor

Dr. John Mervin North, elected in 1774, næan Society, we may in some degree consider cester College ; A. R. Mangin, Alban Hall; J. Laing, had favoured the Society in the preceding year as done for ourselves. We have one ingeJ. Papillon, University College: E. Eyre, Merton Col with some theoretical and practical observa- nious communication in our Transactions for len. Eldridge Wadhami bcollege Combo Ntahon tions on electricity, one of the sciences then the year 1788, on the irritability of vegetables. lege: T. Mozley, T. T. Jones, S. U. B. Lee, Oriel Col- most attractive of general curiosity, in con- Not satisfied with discharging the duties in. lege; E. T. Daniell, T. B. Hobhouse, Balliol College.

sequence of the wonderful discoveries recently cident to the presidency of his own Society, and ROYAL SOCIETY.

made by Dr. Franklin; and in 1775, excited by the with investigating and verifying the Linnæan Anniversary Meeting, Dec. 1. no less important experiments of Dr. Priestley, specimens, by comparing them with recent It will, we trust, be received as a proof of the success of he supplied our Transactions with the descrip- plants, with other dried specimens, with our efforts to obtain such reports of the proceedings of tion of an ingeniously contrived apparatus for figures, and with descriptions, his time and Societies as have not hitherto been given to the public saturating water with carbonic acid, or, as that attention have been also employed in editing through the medium of the periodical press, that we are gaseous fluid was then called, with fixed air. one of the most splendid works ever published this week enabled besides other interesting accounts, on the first discovery of carbonic acid as a in this country, the Flora Græca of Dr. Sibto give, at length, for the first time, the Address of the distinct and peculiar substance, followed by an thorpe. For various smaller works on the phi, ing, upon which occasion Mr. Davies Gilbert spoke as analysis of its constitnent parts, great medical losophy of natural history, on the natural

virtues were imputed to it, -much greater orders, &c. we are indebted to his pen. And, It would be vain to expect that the anni- than subsequent experience has confirmed. to close a life of literature and science like versary meeting of a body so numerous as the Under these first impressions, the instru. that of Dr. Sir James Smith, the last volume Royal Society should ever occar, without ex- ment invented by Dr. North was eagerly of his English Botany (a work of great accuciting in our minds sensations of deep regret seized, and might be seen in most private racy and merit) appeared in London on the for the loss of many individuals distinguished houses. The elegant pyramidal form of its very day that proved to its author the termai, by their abilities, by their acquirements, by three parts ascending one above the other, and nation of his mortal career ; not of a length their virtues, and endeared to other members displaying by their transparency the whole commensurate to our wishes, but splendid and by the ties of private friendship. We may process as it goes on, is still exhibited by drug- useful to the utmost expectation of his warmest also add, with feelings of exultation in regard gists and by manufacturers of glass. Many friends. to the honour of the Society, however painfully gentlemen who now hear me will share in the Another distinguished member of this So. they may bear upon ourselves, that the num- surprise which I felt on learning that the in- ciety has recently been taken from us, by one ber of those among us sharing in our active ventor of an apparatus familiar to my childhood, of those accidents, common indeed to old age, labours far exceeds the limit that might justify should have lived to be commemorated in the yet of a nature to excite compassion, or feel. a hope of our not being called on to deplore present year.

ings perhaps of a stronger cast. Dr. George some of those more conspicuous Fellows of the We have next to notice a gentleman elected Pearson was elected in June 1791, and has Society on the present or on similar occasions. some short time prior to Dr. North, about enriched our Transactions with ten communi.

Although it is usual chiefly to dwell on the fifty-five years ago, known to our Trans- cations. The first, in the year of his admisnames of those who have enriched the Trans- actions, indeed, by a single paper on anti- sion, on Dr. James's antimonial powders. The actions by their communications, yet some oc-quarian philology, but well known to the composition of this celebrated febrifuge having cur in the list now read whom it is impossible Society by the able discharge of the duties been long withholden from the public, notwithto pass over without notice.

attached to one of its most important offices for standing the sworn specification of its inventor, Mr. Archdeacon Coxe, whose name will go a space of twenty-eight years., Mr. Planta a great anxiety was naturally felt for disco. down to posterity associated with those of many was chosen a fellow in 1774; he became se- vering the secret. This, Dr. Pearson ef. illustrious persons whose histories he has dili- cretary in 1776, and continued to execute that fected, having proved by analysis, and by the gently investigated and adorned.

office with great ability and diligence up to reunion of the constituent parts, that antiMajor Denham, whose active exertions, per- 1804. It is needless for me to dilate on his mony and phosphate of lime made up the severance, and untimely fate, can scarcely be merits as principal librarian at the British whole mass. Some slight differences may still contemplated without a tear.

Minseum,--they are universally felt and ac- exist between the concerted medicine and any The Rev. Alexander Nicoll, Regins Profes. knowledged.

Lother that can be produced, arising probably

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from peculiar and possibly accidental and un- fairly be said that no greater loss has been sus- subtle teasoner, who for centurias past has been important manipulations; but no doubt can tained by the Society within the period to remembered (such is the caprice of Fame) try be entertained as to the essential ingredients. which we refer, than it has experienced by the a reference only to the frailties and to the mic The second, in 1792, on the composition of death of Professor Woodhouse. We have from fortunes of his youth, this able metaphysician be fixed air. The third, in 1794, on a peculiar him seven different papers—four on abstract either fully explained, of bas pointed out the me vegetable substance, imported from China. and profound mathematical speculations; the thod of explaining, every difficulty which seem! The fourth, in 1795, on the nature and proper- last three on subjects connected with the re- to obstruct the use of imaginary quantities. Anl ties of Wootz iron and steel made in the Eastcently established Observatory at Cambridge. by pursuing the same track_if ancient preja. Indies. The fifth, in 1796, in a paper equally Born with strong abilities, and with a pre- dices, derived from far different speculative, interesting to the natural philosopher and to disposition for the investigation and the ac- could once be banished from our minds_it the antiquary, since it ascertains the composi- quirement of abstract truth, Mr. Robert Wood- would soon be found that all circumločution fz tion of metallic weapons belonging to times the house cultivated mathematics with great assi- avoiding the terms intinitely small, infinite most remote, and confirms the opinion, derived duity, and with a corresponding success. Hav. great, and even orders of infinites, might be from classical authority, of their being made ing attained the highest academical honours, dismissed from mathematical language, with from an alloy of copper and tin. The sixth, he mainly contributed, by his writings in producing uncertainty, mystery, or conful in 1797, on the nature of gas, produced by our Transactions, by various separate pub. I consider, therefore, Mr. Dugald Stewart a passing electric sparks through water. This lications, by his example, and by the influ. a distinguished writer in the higher depart. communication must be highly estimated, since ence of his official situation in the University-ments of mathematics, and eo nomine entitled it tended, at that early period, strongly to towards paying that true homage to Newton to our respect and our regard. confirm the great discovery of Mr. Cavendish which has, of late, been rendered to him, in On the foreign list we find the name but it the decomposition of water; a discovery of the the very focus of his glory,—not by servilely one individual whose loss we have to regret utmost importance, but requiring every pos- adhering to methods or to forms, the devising in the past year, M. Thunberg of Upsál. sible confirmation, as it went in direct opposi- of which by one man will always continue the N. 'Thunberg, à pupil of the great Lis. tion to the decided opinions, to the prejudices wonder of the human race ;—but by doing as náus, one of the few remaining companions of of many hundred years. We are become fa- NEWTON himself would have been most eager to the prophet, has continued throughout a long miliar with hydrogen, with oxygen, with the do; that is, by raising still higher the editices life to cultivate a science which wedet mus compound nature of liquids, and the changes of which he has laid the solid, the everlasting consider as her peculiar glory. His laars of form produced on bodies by the agency of foundations. And sure I ain that Mr. Wood are perhaps little known in this coutry at heat. The speculative philosophers of antic house would accept as the most gratifying present; but at a period when botans stand quity, on the contrary, mistaking varieties of tribute to his memory, the appointment and more pre-eminent about forty years ago form for real differences of substance, arranged the exertions of such a successor as the dis- M. Thunberg was chosen op our foreiga list. all physical nature under four classes, deno- tinguished person (whom I would willingly minating solid bodies, or the principle of so- enumerate as one of us) now actually engaged

On delivering the Medals. lidity, earth ; liquid bodies, under a similar in carrying towards perfection these matters, Of the duties devolved on those Fellow on hypothesis, water; and the principle of elas- of which the commencements only were per- the Society whom in any particular year fac ticity, air ; fire, or heat, occupied the fourth mitted to himself.

may honour by naming on your Council, Done division : and to these was added a fifth, or And here I would call your attention to the are equally arduous with the distribution of quintessence, the substance endowed with loss sustained by the world at large, in the per- your medals. If the requisite inquiries ver consciousness, with thought, and with the son of another philosopher and Fellow of this limited to discovering able men, ingeniously power of originating motion. It is obvious Society, although not a contributor to our an- contrived experiments, or valuable communic. that ice, water, and steam, to ratify this ar- nual publications-Mr. Dugald Stewart, im. tions, the task would be easy indeed; there rangement, must possess thres distinct essences; bued with a taste for mathematical learning by might be found at every nseeting of the $ yet such is the power of habitual attachment his father's eminence in that department of ciety, in every page of your Transactions. But to opinions never before questioned, that had knowledge, has done more than almost any one the medals are evidently meant to distinguist Mr. Cavendish, the scientific ornament of our of his contemporaries towards freeing from somewhat more ; so that he who receives country and of his age, lived some centuries mystery and paradoxes the science which should them may at the least be considered as pripus before our time, he might perhaps have ex- naturally be of all the most clear and precise. inter pares with respect to the particular subperienced a common fate with the philosopher Following the steps of Bacon and of Locke, lject of his attention. who maintained the revolution of the earth and stored with an extent of reading and of One of the royal medals your Council of this and the central position of the sun. The acquired knowledge almost beyond example, year have had no hesitation in adjudging to seventh, eighth, and ninth communications, in there can be found few subjects which he has . Encke for his researches and calculations subsequent years, are strictly professional; and not illustrated ; and in respect to conclusions respecting the heavenly body, usually distinthe tenth, in 1813, also medical, relates to a which seem to differ from the deductions of his guished by his name, and which has again black colouring matter occasionally found in great predecessors, his arguments are so fairly become visible in Europe, according to his the bronchial glands. But Doctor Pearson has stated on either side, that every intelligent prediction; and not merely visible, but corstill further claims on our respect and our re- reader is placed in a situation to form his own responding with its estimated position in degard. For a series of years he continued to opinion on those profound and abstruse points. clination as well as in right ascension, to a diffuse, by, his lectures, a knowledge of the Mr. Stewart has somewhere quoted - Muiğor degree of accuracy scarcely susceptible of cornew chemistry, instructing hundreds in the soti to duvaps avaautixny xTuomodou rou storaas rection, unless by repeated'observation. This truths of science, as they became suceessively aroduitsus Tev eşi vesgous s2sıy. And, “ Mathema- body, to be denominated a planet or a camet, developed, in a manner not calculated to load tica multi sciunt, Mathesin pauci. Aliud est according to the variety of definition, sethe memory, but to invigorate the reasoning enim nosse propositiones aliquot, et nonnullas volves round the sun in an elliptic orbit, and powers, in proportion as new facts were com- ex iis elicere, casu potius quam certâ aliquâ in the short period of about three years and a municated and arranged. And to Doctor Pear. discursandi normâ, aliud scientiæ ipsius natu. third; but its path cuts the orbits of four son we are again indebted for rendering fami-ram ac indolem prospectam habere, in ejus se planets. It approaches within the distance of liar in England the nomenclature of chemistry, adita penetrare, et ab universalibus instructum Mercury, and recedes to about four.fifths of first adopted in another country; an adapta- esse præceptis quibus theoremata ac problema the distance of Jupiter from the sun. The tion of words to things, of which it may be innumera excogitandi, eademque demonstrandi body appears to be without nucleus, or any truly said,

facilitas comparetur. Ut enim pictorum vulgus, regularly defined form, and stars are seen “ος αν ειδη τα ονοματα, εισται και το πραγματα. prototypon sæpe sæpius experimendo, quendam through it. These phenomena seem to corA medium of communication adapting its plas- pingendi usum, nullam verò pictoriæ artis, quam respond with the hypothesis of condensed or tic nature to the reception of new facts and of optica suggerit, scientiam adquirit; ita multi, condensing nebulous matter, suggested by the new arrangements, owing, perhaps, their ex. lectis Euclidis et aliorum geometrarum libris, greatest of sidereal astronomers. And this istence to the facilities of their universal lan. eorum imitatione, fingere propositiones aliquas comet, as it may then be called, attached to guage.

ac demonstrare solent, ipsam tamen secretissi- our system, and describing equal areas in One individual still remains for me to notice, mam difficiliorum theorematum ac problematum equal times round the sun, must be considered, and with deep regret; for, considering the solvendi methodum proreus ignorent.” By re- in many respects, as the most interesting number and the value of his communications, verting to the long-neglected controversies of known body at present in the universe. Your together with the pre-eminence of the science the Nominalists and the Realists, and by Council have therefore been anxious to mark on which his energies were employed, it mayl adopting the theories of a most acute and the high sense they entertain of the ability

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and persevering industry which must have awarding a royal medal to its author. And | and in the adjacent fields had discovered several been exerted in determining all the elements of they anticipate with confidence a general ap- extensive foundations-one a wall thirty feet in an orbit so eccentric, so much exposed to the probation, in both these instances, of what they length, and three in thickness—which leave no influence of several planets, incapable of being have done.

room to doubt that Keston was the Noviomagus estimated by the formulæ adapted to orbits

The Copley Medal for the present year has of the Romans. The distance from London, nearly circular, and founded moreover, as these not been awarded.

too, when measured upon the ordnance survey elements must have been, on observations dif- The following is the list of officers for the of Kent, singularly supports this belief. Mr. ficult to make, and much limited in point of time, ensuing year :

Kempe discovered several fragments of pottery, and perhaps affected by the action of a resisting President.-Davies Gilbert, Esq. M.P.

one or two of which were ornamented in the medium.

Treasurer.-Captain Henry Kater.

highest taste; a key, a bronze ear-ring, some The other royal medal has been awarded by

Secretaries.-Dr. Roget and Captain Sabine, R.A. bones, and other remains. your Council for a communication made under bert Brown, Esq.; Francis Chantroy, E34; R.A.; Right Council.-Francis Baily, Esq.; Charles Bell, Esq.; Ro

At the meeting of the Society on the 4th circumstances the most interesting and most Hon. Sir George Cockburn; Michael Faraday, Esq.: Dr. instant, Mr. Hallam was again'in the chair. afflicting. An individual of whom not this Fittoni. Charles Hatchett, Esq., John. FW.. Herschel: A letter from Mr. Wynn, our ambassador at Society alone, but all England, is justly proud, llenry, Marquess of Lansdowne; Right Hon. Robert Peel: Copenhagen, was read, giving a detailed acwhose merits have been appreciated and distin. John Pond, Esq: A. R.; Dr. Roget: Captain Sabine; Rox: count of the Institutions in Denmark for guished by each of the eminently scientific Astron Sed miceun.enry Warburton, Esq. M.P.; Dr. Wol the encouragement and preservation of northestablishments of Europe, has recently been

ern antiquities. And a drawing and descripassailed by a malady, one of the most severe


tion of a gold bracelet, found in one of the to which human nature is exposed. But the At the second meeting of the Society, on Thurs-northern counties of England, were commuenergies of his mind soaring beyond bodily day evening, 27th ult. it was announced from nicated to the Society by Mr. Secretary Carinfirmities, he has employed them in a man- the chair by Mr. Hallam, one of the vice-presi- lisle. ner (I will presume to say) most acceptable dents, that his Majesty, ever alive to the claims to the Divinity, because most usefully to man- of genius, had been most graciously pleased to

FINE ARTS. kind, by imparting, through the medium of this signify to the president and council his inten. Society, further stores of knowledge to the tion of conferring two gold medals annually, of Captain Hugh Clapperton. Engraved by T. world, which has been so frequently before the value of fifty guineas each, for the two Lupton, from a picture by Gildon Manton. illuminated by the splendour of his genius. best papers on antiquity which may be pre- (1 private plate ; the frontispiece to the On the first day of our meeting, a paper sented to the Society.

forthcoming Vol. of Clapperton's Travels.) from Dr. Wollaston* was read, descriptive of The announcement of this most gratifying the sight of this fine head renews our deep the processes and manipulations by which he intelligence was received as it ought, with the regret at the untimely fate of the brave, enterhas been enabled to supply all men of science utmost applause, and every demonstration of prising, and persevering individual of whom it with the most important among the recently grateful respect for so munificent mark of is so characteristic a portrait, and to the narradiscovered metals. Platinum, possessed of va- the Sovereign's love for the advancement of tive of whose last expedition it is about to be rious qualities useful in an eminent degree to the study of antiquity. We have reason to the appropriate frontispiece. Mr. Manton is a chemists, even on a large scale, tvithheld them believe that his Majesty has been thus induced very able, although a very unassuming artist; all by resisting fusion in the most intense heat to notice the Society, through the friendly and this strikes us as the most successful work of our wind furnaces. Alloyed, indeed, with interference of the Earl of Aberdeen. His of his that we have yet met with. The resemarsenic, it became susceptible of receiving or- lordship's attention to the best interests of the blance is powerful ; the features are admirably namental forms; but a continued heat expelled body has been manifested ever since he was drawn and marked; and the general expression the volatile metal, and left the other in a state elected president; and we hail this noble mark is, as it ought to be, decidedly that of one, who wholly unfit for use. Dr. Wollaston, instead of his Majesty's bounty, as a new era in the

dares do all that may become a man." of alloying, purified the platinum from every annals of a Society which has of late years While we contemplate it, we see_-" with our admixture by solution, consolidated its preci- attracted some attention, more from the luke- mind's eye, Horatio,"_the gallant and warmpitate by pressure, by heating, and by percus- warmness of its members than the spirit which hearted original, preparing, with generous insion, so as to effect a complete welding of the might have animated them. It was also an- dignation, to chastise the unfortunate Governor mass, thus made capable of being rolled into nounced that the four large pictures by Hol- of Murmur, for having permitted the desecraleaf, or drawn into wire of a tenacity inter- bein, which were sent to the Society by the tion of the grave of his poor friend Oudney, mediate between those of iron and gold. To late king, were to be immediately removed to whose last moments Clapperton had, some these scientific and beantiful contrivances we Windsor, by command of his Majesty. These months before, watched with the tenderness owe the use of a material, not only of high pictures were left as a deposit with the Society inseparable from true courage. Mr. Lupton importance to refined chemistry, but now ac. in 1805.

has engraved this plate with his usual fidelity, tually employed in the largest manufactories We are also happy to announce that a bequest vigour, and taste. for distilling an article of commerce so abund. of a collection of most interesting portraits of ant and so cheap as sulphuric acid. And, royal and noble personages, has just been con- Rebels defeated. Engraved by J. Romney, above all, we owe to them the material which, yeyed to the Society by the executors of the

from a picture by T. Webster. Bulcock.
in the skilful hands of some members of this late Dr. Kerrich, of Cambridge. They are of Very entertaining, and in every point of views
Society, has mainly contributed to their pro- a very early date, from the time of Henry VI. a worthy companion to the beautiful little print
ducing a new species of glass, which promises downwards. The council have ordered them of “ Rebels shooting a Prisoner,” which we
to form an epoch in the history of vptics. to be cleaned, under the direction of Francis noticed in our 589th Number. The insurgents
Your Council have therefore deemed them. Douce, Esq.; and they are intended to decorate have lost their cannon, and their overthrow
selves bound to express their strong approba- the room where the Society's meetings are held. seems to be complete.
tion of this interesting Memoir, (indepen. The most curious among them, perhaps, is a
dently of all extraneous circumstances,)" by Portrait of Queen Mary I., by Lucas de Heere,

1554 (though this date makes the painter older
pensation of a malady which, we lament to hear, leaves than the Biographical Dictionaries). The old. WERE I the ruler here below,
his friends but little to hope, the description which has est, in four compartments, represents a part of
reached us is of a nature which may well be called divine, the legend of St. Etheldreda, and came out of

(God grant us better care !)

Ilow matters upside down should go, midst of disease and pain, and feeling that his life is the Conventual Church of Ely. There are

How sober folks should stare !
most precarious, this truly great man has been, and is, also genuine Portraits of Edward IV. and
devoting his numbered hours to communicate by dic: Richard III.

The pretty girls shou!d all be free
tation), and preserve, all those discoveries which he has

To have whate'er they want ;
made, and all those improvements so invaluable to An account, drawn up by Mr. Kempe, was
science, and the knowledge of which is calculated to be read of the recent antiquarian investigation at

Unknown those hateful names should be,

Duenna, nurse, and aunt.
of fortitude and virtue has not been witnessed in any age Keston, in Kent, commenced by Mr. Crofton
We understand that in order to promote the interests the time. After complimenting Mr. Croker,

If ugly women sinned, they'd all
Croker, and of which we gave some account at

Do penance in the sheet;
render it less necessary to elect members more for the of whose labours he intimated the Society might

But her no parson should miscall sake of the revenue they fumish, than of their scientific shortly expect the details, Mr. Kempe pro

Whose eyes are bright and sweet. body, and that its President has added 10006. For the same ceeded to state, that he had completely defined

Si yo gubernara el mondo, &c.Romancero Genepurpose. E1. L. G.

the walls of the circular and square buildings, 'ral. 1604.

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Of Dr. Wollaston's conduct under the heavy dis

most beneficial to his fellow-creatures.

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