Imatges de pÓgina

fertile resources of stratagem. He met every the river Mirzeou to Versal, with the ex-freign. The traveller Gemelli, who saw him atemergency of peril, however sudden or exception of the small territory of Goa to the Bejapore in 1695, gives a pleasing description treme, with instant discernment and unshaken south, Bombay and Salsette, and the Portu- of his venerable appearance. In stature, rasher fortitude; but, while equal to the encounter guese possessions between Bassein and Da- below the middle size, of a slender make, an of any danger, he always preferred to sur. maun on the north ; an extent of about 400 olive complexion, with an aquiline nose and a mount it by circumvention. If this was im- miles in length by 120 in breadth. At the white beard, he walked leaning on a staff formed practicable, no arm exceeded his in open distance of 300 miles from this territory, he like a crosier ; for age had in some degree daring, and the boast of the soldier was to was in possession, towards the eastern sea, of bowed his back, though it had not dimmed the have seen Sevajee charging sword in hand. half the Carnatic, which was of itself equal to lustre of his eye. Benignity reigned in his The two circumstances to which, next to his most of the Indian sovereignties."

features, and his manners were still marked by personal courage and activity, he was chiefly As a contrast to this daring freebooter, we affability. His dress was always plain and indebted for his extraordinary success, were, select the intelligent and elegant sketch of a simple. Except upon public festivals, the vest the superior excellence and discipline of his great imperial Indian,-a man whose influence he wore seldom exceeded the value of eight cavalry, and his extensive system of secret in- swayed the whole extent of Mahommedan India, rupees ; nor were his sash and tiara loaded telligence. The cavalry of the three Mahom- was acknowledged by the European princes, with jewels. In camp, he was the most indemedan states were always drawn from the and whose name is to this hour one of popular fatigable man of his army; the first to rise, and northern countries and borders of India, with homage through the East.

the last to retire to rest; and in his younger especial regard to their strength and size; and * It is difficult to hold the pen steady in days, he generally slept on the bare ground, their shock was not to be resisted by any of attempting to do justice to the character of this wrapped in a tiger-skin. He was, at the same the native cavalry in the south of Delhi. Toable monarch, who has been held up in opposite time, remarkably eleanly both in his person and this cause, all the conquests made by the Mo- representations, as a monster of cruelty and his dress. His diet consisted, for the most part, hammedans in the southern provinces may be hypocrisy on the one hand, and a model for of herbs and pulse : no fermented liquor ever ascribed. Sevajee first discerned the necessity sovereigns on the other. It is remarked, that passed his lips. He spent little time in the of establishing a cavalry, of which the re- he attained the throne by deposing his father seraglio; and though, according to the custom quisites were agility and endurance of fatigue. and murdering his brothers; but Shah Jehan of the country, he maintained a number of Besides the supplies obtained by purchase and had already resigned the empire to Dara, when women, it was only as a part of imperial state, capture, studs were raised from the most ap- the fratricidal contest began; nor was the con- as he, in fact, contented himself with his lawful proved breeds. The horses were rode without queror the only criminal. Shah Jehan, too, wives. He was the severe enemy of immoraà saddle by men lightly accoutred, their only had himself rebelled against his father, and had lities of every description. He discouraged weapon being the sabre. Footmen, inured to sealed his own accession by the murder of un- gambling and drunkenness, both by prohibition travel, bearing all kinds of arms, trooped with offending rivals. But Aurungzebe is accused of and example; and the long train of dancers the cavalry; and spare horses were always having assumed the mask of religious austerity and singers, actors and buffoons, in which his taken, to bring off the booty, and to relieve in order to gain the throne. That he was an father Shah Jehan had taken so much delight, the weary and wounded. All gathered their ascetic and a rigid moslem, is true; but if he were banished from his court as destructive of daily provisions as they passed. No pursuit was a hypocrite, we cannot but admire,' to morals and degrading to majesty. His publie could overtake their march. In conflict, their adopt the remark of Mr. Maurice, the un- buildings partook of the character of his mind: onset fell wheresoever they chose, and was shaken fortitude with which, during so pro- they were useful, rather than splendid. At sometimes relinquished in the instant of longed a life, he submitted to privations of every stage from Caubul to Auruugabad, and charge. Whole districts were in flames before every kind, while presiding in the most lux- from Gujerat to Bengal, he built and main. their approach was known. But, although urious court, and wielding the richest sceptre tained caravanserais, furnished at the public such measures were sometimes resorted to, in of Asia.' Of the four brothers, Dara was sus expense. In all the principal cities, he founded order to strike terror, and no quarter was pected of Hindooism ; Sujah was a libertine; universities : in the inferior towns, he erected given in case of resistance, they were not Morad, a drunkard; and Aurungzebe was as- schools. He also built and endowed numerous wanton in bloodshed; and in towns, they suredly the most respectable. Bernier informs hospitals for the poor and maimed. He was sought only the wealthy inhabitants, to carry us, that the fate of Dara was decided upon in a the liberal patron and frequent correspondent them off for future ransom. Sevajee was, it is council of umrahs, and that those who insisted of learned men throughout his dominions, and true, nothing better than a captain of ban- upon the necessity of his death, urged, that he was himself not the least accomplished prince ditti ; but the Mahratta was mild and mer- had long abandoned the religion of Mohammed; of the house of Timour. He was master of the ciful, in comparison with the ferocious Mogul, and we are told, on another authority, that it Persian and Arabic languages, and he wrote His object was plunder, not extermination, was his attachment to the Brahmins, together the Tourki and most of the Indian dialects and he effected more by stratagem than by with a work which he wrote in defence of the with ease and elegance. Many of the govern. violence. Sevajee spared no cost to obtain in- Vedas, that cost him the empire. Aurungzebe ment despatches, written with his own hand, telligence of all the motions of his enemy; and was a persecutor: he attempted to effect the are remarkable for brevity and precision; and the accuracy and minuteness of his local in- conversion of the Hindoos hy the sword. But, he is reported always to have corrected the formation, form one of the most striking fea- in our reprobation of his sanguinary zeal, we diction of his secretaries. He understood and tures in his predatory system. He was still must recollect, that he acted consistently with encouraged agriculture; was thoroughly versed more profuse in corripting the generals with his principles as a moslem, not in detiance of in all the details of his vast empire; and the whom he contended. The Mogul governors of them. Those writers who affect surprise that unfortunate and distressed invariably found a Surat, the soubahdars of the Deccan, and even a Mogul sovereign should not have displayed a resource in the wise policy or bounty of the Sultan Mauzum himself, are reported to have spirit of enlightened toleration towards his sovereign. Although his revenues amounted to accepted, more than once, the gold of Sevajee idolatrous subjects, seem to forget the revoca- thirty-two millions sterling, he left in his prie as the price of their connivance. The Hindoo tion of the Edict of Nantes, and the recent date vate treasury little more than 7,000, of which, had not the polished mind, the comprehensive of our own Toleration Act. When it is recol. in his last will

, he ordered 1,000 rupees (1252) views, the chivalrous character of Baber, Au- lected that Aurungzebe was the contemporary to be distributed among the poor at his funeral. rungzebe's illustrious ancestor ; but, in bold- of Louis XIV. and of the Stuarts, it will hardly He directed his burial to be conducted without ness, activity, and enterprise, he was his equal, be contended that, on this point, the Moham- pomp, his tomb to be low and simple, like and he excelled him in stratagem and policy medan emperor discovered less liberality or those of dervishes ; and desired his fortunate Aurungzebe could not suppress the emotions humanity than most of the Christian sovereigns children' to give themselves no concern about a of his joy on hearing of his death, but, at the of his day. Aurungzebe is represented by the monument. Such a man deserves a better same time, he bore this striking testimony to author of the Allumghire Nameh, as naturally name than that of either bigot or hypocrite, his genius. He was a great captain, and the mild and affable in his manners ; in his dispo. tyrant or monster. If he is to be judged of by only one who has had the management to raise sition, placable and humane; in his judicial comparison, it would be difficult to find a de a new kingdom, while I have been endea- administration, indefatigably vigilant and im- spotic reign of half a century, stained by fewer vouring to destroy the ancient sovereignties of partially just. When he appeared in public, trimes on the part of the monarch, or marked India. My armies have been employed against be clothed his features with a complacent be- by a 'more laudable attention to the general him for nineteen years, and, nevertheless, his nignity; and those who had trembled at his interests and improvement of the empire." state has been always increasing.' At the name, found themselves at ease in his presence. We ought to say that these volumes also time of his death, Sevajee's dominions com- In support of this representation of his charae- contain a well-executed map, and a number i prised, on the western side of India, all the ter, it is mentioned to his honour, that capital engravings of the principal buildings, &c in : coast, with the back country of the hills, from punishments were almost unknown during his very finished style of the burin.

• It was

Before closing out remarks, however, on this extension of territory as not only undesirable a written language, it appears that fables have small, but very complete and excellent work, but hurtful, in spite of acts of parliament and been known to them from time immemorial. we have to add to our eulogy upon it, the perpetual remonstrances from the body of Bri. There are certain established forms of introfarther praise of the good sense which it dis- tish merchants whose interests were at stake - ducing them in society, He who tells one. plays - in having abstained from politics and the phenomenon is still more striking. For thus begins : “ Leb-on-na;” which is, “I legal disquisitions; and in substituting for such princes and nations to pant for territorial ag- have made a fable.” Politeness requires that fruitless and disputative matter, very valuable grandisement,' to eite the words of an intelli. the company should answer, “;" information, of a literary and scientific descrip- gent writer, ' has in it nothing strange and which is," that will be very amusing.” The tion, derived from a diligent examination of new; but it is strange for a nation continually fable itself is commenced very much in the the Caloutta, Madras, and Bombay Philosophi- to discountenance this spirit in the strongest European manner, “ Once upon a time, & Transactions, and other sources not gene- manner; and still more strange, that, in the The relater neglects nothing that can excite rally accessible; and also diversifying the drier very face of all these prohibitions, a mighty the attention of his hearers, and goes on as details with characteristic and national features empire should have grown up amidst the anxie- long as he finds that they listen to him with of an entertaining kind. But the Editor's con- ties and the habits of commercial speculation. pleasure. The morals of the African fables cluding reflections will perhaps better satisfy It is not that the British nation has conquered are very curious, and they are of course our readers than any other extract; and we India ; rather, unavoidable circumstances have adapted to the manners and habits of the insert them, not only as our finale, but as a at length almost subdued the national aversion country. One of them is to the following lucid and able view of British India, to the to this conquest.' What is more, the very effect :present epoch.

enactments that were intended to arrest the * The Rabbit who clothed himself with the “ About two-thirds of India are now under growth of our power, have, as Sir John Mal-skin of a Gazelle.To an ox, who was the the direct management of the three presiden- colm remarks, caused it to be more rapid than owner of a meadow, a certain rabbit owed for cies. The remaining third is under the effec-it otherwise would have been. Every retrograde a year's board. He was likewise indebted, tive control of the military power of the British step, every attempt to return to a neutral and more or less, to all the neighbours. Wherever government; and the imperfect schemes of ad- pacific systein, has been followed, and unavoid he went, pay for the grass,' pay for the ministration which have been propped up for a ably, by an accelerated movement in the exten- bran,' " pay me,' “pay me,' were the cries while in the territories still under native rule, sion of our dominion. But, above all, the con- which rang in his ears. Having exhausted must be considered as destined, sooner or later, quest of India by Britain is distinguished by its all his promises and grimaces, his creditors' to be replaced, probably without a struggle, by unquestionably beneficent character. Toʻthe began to threaten him, and he found it neces. a uniform and permanent system. Whatever natives themselves, the destruetion of the Mus- sary to play them. some trick.

One day, be the difficulties and dangers attaching to the sulman power,-a foreign and despotic yoke, when he was alone, and thinking of this, he dominion which the British have been reluct- was a national emancipation from the most de- saw a dead gazelle lying on the ground. antly compelled to assume, the struggle which grading oppression. But had it given way only. This will do: my importunate friends, quoth has thus ended in the universal establishment to the Mahratta empire, which, at the com- he, “you shall see something new.?. Having of their ascendancy, promises to be the last that mencement of our relations with the native Aayed the dead gazelle, he dressed himself in they will have to maintain with the native powers, threatened to swallow up the whole the skin, which he adjusted as well as he powers of India. Here, then, we may termi-country, the change would have been only to a could, and then stalked into the meadow.' nate the history of that extraordinary series of more complete disorganisation of society. Not. Alas! poor gazelle !' exclaimed every tender. events, which has placed in the hands of the withstanding all the crimes committed by the hearted animal ; "what has happened to thee? British, the sovereignty and the destinies of British in the first stages of their great mer- why art thou 80 miserably thin ? India. After eight centuries of uninterrupted cantile adventure, the acquisition of Bengal the rabbit whom I interrupted when he was war and anarchy, a handful of distant island- cost fewer lives than were lost in a single expe- engaged in some sorcery. He cursed me, and ers' have restored to this devoted country the dition of the Mogul princes, or in the protec- that brought me into this condition. Heaven blessings of external security and internal re- tion of that province from the Mahrattas dur. preserve you from vexing him!.. Ha! do pose; to a degree which, probably, at no former ing the vigorous reign of the brave Aliverdi. you hear that, comrades? This hint comes period of its history, was ever known. So But, in the destruction of the predatory system very apropos. I fear some mischief ; let us mighty and rapid a change in the condition of which was converting the finest provinces into leave the rabbit alone.'” an eighth part of the human race, has no paral. a wilderness, the British government has per- A negro having been asked by M. Roger lel in history, whether we consider the com- formed a splendid act of justice, policy, and what was the meaning of this fable, after some parative number of the conquerors, or the means humanity, which fairly entitles it to be regarded consideration answered, —“ That when a man by which it has been achieved. Never since as a conservative and beneficent power, whose is clever he may avoid paying his debts.". conquest began to desolate the earth, it has supremacy has been the deliverance of the peo- There are a good many clever rabbits in been justly remarked, was an empire of such ple. That system was the baleful dregs of the Europe ! magnitude acquired with so small an effusion of exhausted military establishments of the Mo. blood. The whole conquest of India by Great hammedan dynasties; and it succeeded to the The Will of King Alfred. Reprinted from the Britain cost fewer lives than were destroyed wars of Aurungzebe, like pestilence after fa- Oxford edition of 1728: with a Preface and by the Spaniards in South America in a single mine, rioting in the exhaustion of the country. additional Notes. London, 1828. W. Pickyear. The rapidity, as well as the extent of The Mahratta states, which identified them. ering ; Nattali. the conquest is unparalleled. After many cen- selves with this system, fell, as they deserved In the History of the Anglo-Saxons, Mr. Tur. turies had elapsed, the Mogul power was im- to fall, in consequence of their abetting a con- ner has truly stated.“ Our language, our goperfectly established throughout the territories spiracy subversive of all government and social vernment, and our laws, display our Gothic nominally subjugated to the Emperor of Delhi, order. Nothing could more plainly indicate ancestors in every part : they live not merely which did not include the whole of the penin- the real spirit and character of those native in our annals and traditions, but in our civil sula ; and it was in the most prosperous years powers, than their alliance with the Pindarry institutions and perpetual discourse. The paof Aurungzebe's reign, that Sivajee laid the chieftains; and it may be regarded as a for- rent tree is indeed greatly amplified by branches foundations of the Mahratta empire. Nor will tunate circumstance for India, that the infatua-engrafted on it from other regions, and by the the first conquests of Mohammedism bear a tion and weakness of the Peishwa and his con- new shoots which the accidents of time and the comparison with the British conquests in India. federates, compelled the Governor-general to improvements of society have produced ; but it In the course of a century, the Khalifs had ex- treat them as enemies and political criminals, discovers yet its Saxon origin, and retains its tended the faith of Islam over Syria, Asia towards whom any further forbearance would Saxon properties, though more than thirteen Minor, Persia, and Egypt ; but those countries have entailed both disgrace and danger." centuries have rolled over, with all their temscarcely contained fifty millions of inhabitants;

pests and vicissitudes." and it is a remarkable fact, that, in the present

African Fables.

The Anglo-Saxon language, then, is of great day, the nations subject to Mohammedan rulers A COLLECTION of fables by the natives of interest and importance to every Englishman do not form an aggregate population equal to Senegal has been translated into French verse who wishes to know the origin and construction that which now acknowledges the British scep by the Baron Roger, ex-commandant and go- of his own tongue. The substance and idiom tre.

When to this it is added, that, contrary to vernor of Senegal and its dependencies. This of our language are Anglo-Saxon. The learned the spirit in which all former conquests have work will certainly assist in removing the pre- Dr. Hickes has observed, that of fifty-eight been achieved, the Indian empire of Great Bri- judices which have so long existed in Enrope words of which the Lord's Prayer is composed, tain has been acquired in despite of herself, respecting the intellect of Africans. Although not more than three words are of Gallo-Norman in opposition to the policy which denounced all the negroes have neither literature, nor even introduction, The remaining Afty-five arg immediately and originally derived from the narchs watched and secured the transmission distraction with which Giuliano had been pre. Anglo-Saxon.

of their private possessions to their families viously seized, is suspended : In a philological point of view, the Anglo- and friends."

“ He did not weepSaxon is a very interesting language. The We again let the editor speak for himself.

Tears for the silent dead, can they avail ?

But through his heart the grave-worm seemned to creep. composition of many of our words and termi. “ Independently of the wish to render generally nating syllables, which cannot otherwise be accessible an important illustration of English Again essayed he his neglected art, known, are evident when traced to their Saxon history, and to supply a deficiency in the book. Beneath his touch the sweet creation grew;

His was the fervid genius of the heart, origin: thus, from ac, an oak, and corn (corn) market, occasioned by the scarcity of the first

The magic of the memory ever true. a corn, is formed accorn, or acorn, a corn of the edition, regard has been had, in the present The vernal lip breathed there-the tender hue

of the young cheek, with whose transparent white oak. From æ, water, æer (æes) or æs (æs), publication, to the general interest that has

Carnation blended, and the vein shone through, water's, or of water, and land, land, we have been recently awakened to every thing con

Glancing with life-the rich and dewy light

of the deep azure eye, beam'd there divinely bright. æsland (æsland) a water's land, or land of nected with the literature of the Anglo-Saxons.

So meek, so pensive that angelic face, water, an island. Bisceop (bisceop) a bishop, It may be hoped that henceforward a know

With brow upturn'd, and lips imbued with prayer, and nic (ric) dominion, make birceoprie, a Ledge, not only of the acts and institutions of bishop's dominion, or bishopric, Feorm (feørm) aid expression, will be considered as amongst

And so impress'd with a mysterious grace,

'Twas deem'd no mortal maid could be so fair.

Nor marvel I that they who linger'd there, food, and er (er) a man, make leormer, a the indispensable elements of a liberal educa

Watching the growth of that sweet shadowy thing, food-man, or farmer. Fæder (fæder) father, tion. The true genius of our tongue, the legi

When o'er her forehead and encircling hair

The twilight fell in many a saintly ring, and lear (leas) lost, less, Fædenlear (fæderleas) |timate clue to its richest treasures, can never


as before some holy shrine, stand worshipping. fatherless. Many technical words in Saxon, as be ascertained but by ascending to its source.

The fair work bloom'd to life-nor evening dim, well as in Greek, when analysed, are perfect Shakespeare, and the giants of Shakespeare's

Nor midnight's waning lamp, could warn away

The painter from his task. Unmark'd by him definitions. Thus: Boccræft (boccræft) book- day, are only to be adequately understood by Were all but that dear semblance, where the ray craft, or grammar. Tungolcraftig (tungol- the man who has traced up the derivation of

Of his enlightning mind concentred lay.

And with beseeching looks, that more than speak, cræftig) star crafty, an astronomer. In many that unrivalled medium through which their He silenced those who feard his health's decay: words every syllable is expressive. Stapol. feelings and conceptions have been transmitted

For he had toiled until the hectic streak

Of fever's fatal flame had scorched his pallid cheek. Fæstan (statholfæstan) to confirm, is composed to these later times. The little work which is

At length 'twas finished. When the gray morn shone of an, to give, fært (fæst) a fast, Srapol (sta- now placed in the reader's hands will be found,

Through the dim cell, the last, the

master-stroke thol) foundation. with the aid of the closely verbal rendering, Was given to that sweet face. His task was done.

The light of mind o'er all the picture broke, Anglo-Saxon literature is not only most in-available as an appendix to the grammar

* And Giuliano from his trance awoke teresting to the philologist, but highly useful to tional notes have been supplied by the kindness kind of praxis on the rudiments. The addi. He stood and gazed with aching eye, intent

On his perfected work. No word he spoke, many other characters. We mention a few to of a friend. They refer to points of minute,

Nor breath escaped him; but he stood there bent whom an acquaintance with it cannot but be ob- but, it is hoped, not either useless or unimport- He soon relapses, however ; and a 'monastery

Like some cold sculptured mourner o'er a monument." viously serviceable. Every lawyer must derive solid information from studying the Anglo-Sax.

ant criticism. Inquiries connected with the on laws, published by Lombard, Whelock, and import and power of words must be micro eventually receives his shattered forím and dar.

kened spirit. Wilkins. Many charters are still in existence scopic, or they will be unavailing.”

“ The Hebrew Girl at the Auto da fé,” is

In these notes we think we discover the diswhich cannot be understood without a knowledge of Saxon. Where is the divine who can Mr. J. s. Cardale, who has far advanced criminating judgment and critical acumen of

an interesting relation of the unhappy fate of

“A young and beauteous being, whose wild woe fail to be interested in perusing the history of in the press (as we have heard) an edition

Spake with a voice that might not be unheard ; the church in King Alfred's Anglo-Saxon trans- of Boethius, with the Saxon and English on

an orphan maid, condemn'd, lation of Bede's Ecclesiastical History? The

For the deep guilt of chinging, in the night pure doctrines enforced in some of the Anglo- the alternate pages. We have not room to

Of her young spirit's loneness, to a creed,

Her ancient nation's ark of hope,--to die !" Saxon sermons prove how greatly the Romish analyse the Will

, or give specimens of the church has been corrupted since the time those this little work to the notice of the pub- ciently indicates the subject of it. The last

Translation, but we most cordially recommend The title of “ The Dying Crusader” suffisermons were composed. Is there a patriot, lic. The paper, type, and printing, are all moments of a brave and pious Christian knight rests secure under the protection of that envied good, and altogether the book does the greatest are pathetically described ; and with a strict palladium of English liberty, the trial by jury? books on Anglo-Saxon have been published in circumstances. What can be more striking

credit to the press of Mr. Combe. Hitherto and picturesque adherence to the truth of local dinavian origin, and conveyed to us by the too ponderous and expensive a form. The Will than the close of this poem, in which the faithSaxons; and that our present parliament is but of King Alfred is a happy exception: if a few ful squire'is represented as watching at night the revival of the free and simple pitena zemor and a dictionary of a moderate size and price master Pro

more works were published in the same style, by the corpse of his beloved and lamented (Witena gemot) the assembly of the wise, or could be procured, we have no doubt that the 1500 Still sat the faithful Hubert thete, the parliament of our Saxonan cestors, in whose study of Anglo-Saxon would soon become as writings he will easily trace the origin of our popular as it deserves to be.

When Syria's moon resplendent rose glorious constitution. Every one must acknow.

i O'er the wild desert's deep repose.

The lamp, unheeded, feebly shed ledge the indispensable utility of Saxon literature in elucidating the topography and anti. The Wanderer's Legacy. By Catharine

Its light upon the stately dead;

Until, to quench its failing flame,
Grace Godwin.

The moon's broad mellow radiance came. quity of England, in explaining our provincial

[Conclusion of our Review.)

Kefulgent, in that orient clime, dialects and local customs. Indeed the name

Her beauty took a tone sublime: of a town is generally a description of its local “The Monk of Camaldoli” is the next in suc

She seem'd as up the vaulted sky

She steer'd her lucid bark on high, site. Thus, when we find a place called Eton, cession of this charming collection. It is a tale

A spirit borne on heavenly wings we are sure the town is in a low watery situa- of two Italian lovers, Giuliano and Bianca.

Away from earth and earthly things,
tion, for æ-ton (æton) signifies the water-town.
“ Their love had been the young heart's revelry,

Yet lingering, with a fond regret,
In the first bloom of life; and they had seen

O'er mortal grandeur that had set.
Amongst the many interesting documents in Their fondness hallow'd by th' approving eye

No voice of winds, nor living sound
Anglo-Saxon literature, the neat little work And voice parental; and their homes had been

Broke the drear stillness brooding round;
The altar of their vows. Full many a scene

Save when the fierce hyæna's howl before us is one of the most curious and import- In those domestic halls bore witness meet

Proclaim'd him on his midnight prowl: The able writer of the preface has well To the chaste intercourse that pass'd between

Or from the shores of that Dead Lake, observed : “ The Will itself might be made The youth and maid, when with responsive beat

At whose black wave no beast may slake
the text of a far from uninteresting dissertation
Their pure souls minglel in communion sweet.

His maddening thirst-a spot abhorr'd
She was the music of his mind-the still

The Lion of the Desert roar'd."
on antiquarian points of considerable import- Sweet vision of his dreams; and when his hand
The rights of succession, both regal and Traced the bold outline with a painter's skill,

Destiny," a romantic story of seven bro(For he was gifted in his native land

thers, “ Evening on the shores of Procita," and concerning private property, the modes of te.

With its high genius,) his young love would'stand “Petrarca's Tomb," are replete with tender. mure, the gift and maintenance of personal pri- In Grecian attitude, with lips apart, vileges, the forms of bequest, with other cir

And dark hair filleted with silken band,

ness and elegance.“ Indian Scenery" affords cumstances relating to ancient habits and loca

The perfect model of the limner's art,

as agreeable a variety, although of an opposite

The studio's peerless gem, the lode-star of his heart." lities, may derive incidental elucidation from a father's ambition and avarice separate them. ture of tropical woods, under the penetrating

nature, as did " The Seal Hunters." The pic. this valuable relic. Its disclosures manifest Bianca is wedded to rank and opulence, and influence of the beams of the setting, sun, the jealousy with which the Anglo-Saxon mo- dies. On learning this fatal catastrophe, the singularly rich, animated, and powerful.



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"Through the great forest's still and secret heart, Offer'd resistance, and repelld the thrust

the Briseis in taste, à la antique, elegant and The mighty monarch sends his fiercest dart; Of that dark ravisher, whilst their faint blooms

simple. Coates, Dance, Wilson, &c. as usual. His slant rays lighting in th' umbrageous bowers In crimson showers begemm'd the silent bier. The thousand lamps of oriental flowers;

Then did mine eyes, long thwarted, first behold Mr. West had no large picture finished. You E'en the thick leaves in emerald lustre glow,

Its moveless occupant.-tall, fair girl,

will doubtless imagine that I derived my episAnd shed their radiance on the reeds below.

Pallid in death, but redolent with youth,
No longer, shaded from the sultry glare,
Lay there serene, as though her dreamless sleep

tolary genius from my nurse; but when you Sleeps the fell tiger in his forest lair ;

Morning would break. O'er her patrician brows, are tired of my gossiping, you may burn the Roused from his slumber by that scorching ray, Whose polish'd beauty never Parian stone,

letter-so I shall go on. Some of the literati of Sullen he stalks to deeper gloom away;

By Grecian chisel smote, had rivalled-hung
Where lurks the jackall in the tangled brake,
Her dark redundant tresses, mingling here,

the Royal Academy were very much disapAnd scorpions hurtle with the glistering snake. And there escaping from the virgin veil

pointed, as they could not obtain diplomas; In the vast lab'rinth's long and sinuous veins

That still did float around her faultless form.
A quiet, clear, and temper'd glory reigns;
A tint, like that which on autumnal leaves

but the secretary, who is above trifles, has A luxury of light, in tone subdued, Tells of decay, invaded the pure white

since made a very flattering compliment to the Pour'd through that leafy roofing's amplitude.

Of her smooth cheek, cheating the transient gaze Academy, in the preface to his travels. The There the flamingo's scarlet plume is seen,

With hues of life; but from the lip collapsed,
Flaunting beneath th' arika's verdant screen;
And those meek orbs, seal'd up in endless night,

professor of history is comforted by the success And sweeping stately through the tamarind glade, Imagination shrunk. Her marble hands,

of his Deserted Village, which is a very pretty With jewell'd crest triumphantly display'd,

Clasp'd o'er the purple vest, unconscious shrined
The peacock to the sunset doth unfold
The wild rose in its bud. Oh sight of woe!

poem, and has lately put himself under the His proud array of purple and of gold. The emblem flower, and that far sweeter bloom,

conduct of Mrs. Hornick and her fair daugh. Clothed in the rainbow's bright and blending dyes, Youth nipt in its first fragrance, borne alike

ters, and is gone to France; and Dr. Johnson The loxia in the changeful sunbeam flies ;

To an untimely grave!" Or in the branches' quivering maze entwined,

sips his tea, and cares not for the vanity of the Pierces the wild acacia's spicy rind.

A passage of poetical beauty surpassing the world. Sir Joshua, a few days ago, enter. But revel these alone?-doth not the ray

foregoing, we have seldom met with. tained the council and visiters with callipash Of eve illume a host as glad as they?

“Ancient Cities” comprises a series of solemn and callipee, except poor Coates, who last week Wings, like the splendour of the mineral world, Are seen in every ruby gleam unfurld;

and touching reflections on the ruins of the fell a sacrifice to the corroding power of soapThere lifts the butterfly its gorgeous sail, magnificence of former days, which

lees, which he hoped would have cured him of Wooing the zephyr; or the glittering mail of some horn'd insect glances mid the leaves;

" Are in time's horizon seen to shine the stone: many a tear will drop on his grave, And there his toils the subtle spider weaves.

Like islands, hail'd through ocean's misty shroud; The shining lizard glides among the grass ;

Mellow'd, and mingling with the heaving brine,

as he is not more lamented as an artist than a The dread mosquito quits the dank morass;

And lighted up by Glory's red decline."

friend to the distressed. Ma poca polvere And many a shrilly pipe is heard afar, In elfin mimicry of mightier war;

"The Turkish Tombs,” “ The Blind Min- sono che nulla sente !While from the shores the trumpet-beetle's voice strel," "The Arabian Mare," "The Lament of

Our next extract is a picture of rascality as Calls on the insect myriads to rejoice."

the Chevalier Bayard,”, and “The Estranged,” connected with the fine arts, which requires no We now come to one of the finest pieces all richly deserve particular notice; but we have comment; except the observation, that the prein the volume, namely, “ The Pestilence in reached our limits, and must reluctantly stop. sent times are not less prolific in rogueries of Rome.” We regret that we cannot transcribe In making our extracts from the various parts

the same kind. the whole of it. It begins with an apostrophe of the work, we have been perfectly sensible of

“ When straw hats had become unfashion. to the “ eternal city," and an allusion to its the injury which the passages sustain from their able, Mrs. Nollekens hinted to old White, the eventful history

disconnexion. However, what we have done hatter of Fleet Street, who frequently came to " Queen of the nations! venerable Rome!

will perhaps be sufficient to attract the public shew Nollekens one of his Roman medals, or a How oft hast thou, since that triumphant hour That hail'd thy birth, and to the wondering gaze

attention towards the volume. Our own opi. lamp, that possibly he could accommodate her of ancient potentates, thy star display'd,

nion of it we have distinctly expressed ; and we with a Leghorn hat at a moderate rate. Flaming along the western hemisphere;

are strangely deceived, if a voice much more White, who was a cunning old fox, and well How oft hast

thou, still subject to the sway Of captious Fortune, changed thy destiny!

potential than ours will not confirm our eulogy, knew how to plough with another man's heifer, Now, as the bride of thy victorious lords,

and assign to Mrs. Godwin a high rank among seldom visited Mr. Nollekens's studio, by way Tiara-crown'd, and flush'd with consciousness the poets of England. The work is dedicated of getting the loan of a model, or a squeeze of of power that found on earth no parallel; Now in the train of some barbarian king, to Mr. Wordsworth.

something old or singularly curious, without Still glittering in thy marriage-robes, and rife

first looking into the parlour to see how his With all thy charms, a powerless captive led.

dear friend Welch's daughter was, at the same Again, with fickleness surpassing e'en

Nollekens and his Times.

time taking care to present her with an old. Capricious Fate, hast thou bound on thy brows, Still humid with their willows, festal wreaths,


fashioned hat, well knowing that she cut them And, like Assyrian concubine, attuned

As we draw towards the close of this Review, into more modern shapes, and covered them Thy lute to please a conquering despot's ear. But this endured not; grandeur that springs up

our illustrations of the work must not only be either with velvet from an old tippet, or a silk From degradation soon doth pass away sa bes as miscellaneous as those in our preceding pa-hatband. Nollekens, finding his wife always A monument of all that was most high's pers, but even more so; for the variety of benefited by these visits, never refused White Prostrate in ruin.

tilt and matter has defied classification, and as we touch a squeeze of a patera, or any thing that would Wander'd along thy desolated ways,

Rome! when last my feet. Li the finale, we find the odds and ends less tract- answer his purpose; and at the same time, A sterner foe possessed thee, ruling wide, yd 9

able to system than ever. A letter written from when he was gone, he readily joined in the

Miss Moser to Fuseli, at Rome, in 1771, gives laugh against old Gerrard, and the other fools Making thy tombs his throne. Ay, Death was there an interesting sketch of our arts and artists at who had been for years duped by old White, Death, and the pale-eyed demon of disease, T His ruthless caterer."

that period. Mr. Smith hints that this lady who had turned his wine-cellars into manufac

glanced” at her correspondent for a nearer tories for the produce of cast coins, and modern This is followed by a description of the ge- tie, but that his heart had been previously squeezes from Roman lamps. These imita, neral desolation which the pestilence has occa- "" pierced by Angelica Kauffman.” Be this as tions White put into auctions and venders' sioned. One of its victims is then singled it may, the letter is lively and curious. shops for sale, and they were actually bought out:

I suppose (says Miss M.) there has been a with avidity by the profound judges and col. “ I saw a funeral train wind slow beneath The Coliseum's mouldering porticoes;

million of letters sent to Italy with an account lectors of such trash, who would, when the The Miserere, chanted by the monks

of our exhibition, so it will be only telling you secret was discovered, rather than acknowledge Who bore to its last home that pale cold clay, what you know already, to say that Reynolds their own want of judgment in such matters, So late imbued with life, did sound amid Those walls that erst had echoed back the cries

was like himself in pictures which you have boldly insist upon their originality, and call of Rome's tumultuous concourse, drunk with joy. seen; Gainsborough beyond himself in a por- the man who declared himself as their fabri. Shades from the realms of death seem'd those gaunt trait of a gentleman in a Vandyke habit ; and cator an impudent impostor.' White has

forms Robed in their ghastly vestments, convoy meet

Zoffany superior to every body, in a portrait of not been the only one whose performances For one whose dwelling-place must thenceforth be Garrick in the character of Abel Drugger, with have deceived unwary collectors; and even Amidst the tombs. High in advance they rear'd The sacred symbol of a world redeemid,

two other figures, Subtle and Face. Sir Joshua the learned have sometimes been pleased to Hung in funereal weeds, that heavily

agreed to give a hundred guineas for the pic- impose copies upon themselves, to the no little Flapp'd to and fro in that sirocco blast,

ture ; Lord Carlisle, half an hour after, offered injury of the man of real taste and talent, who Whose wings brought pestilence. I saw them thread The arch of triumph, and proceed along

Reynolds twenty to part with it, which the produced some of their boasted treasures from The ancient ways, untroubled by the crowd

knight generously refused, resigned his in-the rough material. There can be little doubt of idle gazers, who too oft impede These sad processions. But at length their course

tended purchase to the lord, and the emolu- as to the possibility of deceiving collectors in A moment was arrested. That high cross

men to his brother artist : (he is a gentleman !) almost every pursuit ; and I should expect, Borne on before, did link its dusky arms

Angelica made a very great addition to the that if the imitations of Greek and Roman art In garlands of the wild sweet eglantine That o'er the rents of ruin thickly grew,

show, and Mr. Hamilton's picture of Briseis could declare themselves, many a curious tale Faithful through time. The cdorous wreaths awhile parting from Achilles, was very much admired ; I could be told by some of those now hoarded up

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in cabinets, for which pretty heavy sums have anecdote which relates to a popular modern the second volume of Davies's Life of Garrick. been given by their happy possessors.". performer.

Mr. Garrick agreed to give Mr. Roubiliac three Let us, for credit's sake, contrast this with " The late Moses Kean was a tailor, a hundred guineas for it, and the artist was to an honourable trait, though not improved by stout-built man, with black bushy hair, and a make use of the best marble he could afford Mr. Smith's comments thereon.

wooden leg. He was always dressed in a dash- for the money ; unfortunately, however, the “No man was more incessant in his applica- ing manner, in a scarleć coat, white satin block turned out full of veins, which rendered tion, or fonder of his art, than Sir Robert waistcoat, black satin small clothes, and a the face so hideous to Mr. Garrick, that he Strange ; nor could any publisher boast of Scott's liquid dye' blue silk stocking; he had declared he could not put it up, as persons more integrity as to his mode of delivering also a long.quartered shoe, with a large buckle might ask, “What! was Shakspeare marked subscription-impressions. He never took off covering his foot, a cocked hat anda rufied with mulberries?' Roubiliac assured Mr. Gar. more proofs than were really bespoken, and shirt, and never went out without a switch or rick that it was the best marble he could use every name was put upon the print as it came cane in his hand. He was a very extraordinary for the price of the figure; but that, in order out of the press, unless it were faulty, and mimic, particularly in his imitations of Charles to make it agreeable to him, he would cut off then it was destroyed, not laid aside for future James Fox, which he gave occasionally at the the head, and replace it with another, carved sale, as has been too much the practice with little theatre in the Haymarket. Mr. Ale- from a fine clear piece of marble, which he some of our late publishers. Impositions, 1 founder painted a whole-length portrait of him, did, to the great pleasure of his employer. regret to say, amounting to fraud, have been as large as life, in the above dress, which was It is truly remarkable, that the first figure recently exercised upon the liberal encouragers exhibited in the left-hand corner of the ante-carved by this sculptor in England, was that of the art, by sordid publishers, who have taken room at Somerset House. There is also a of Handel, and that the last work on which he hundreds of proofs more than were subscribed whole-length etching of him, of a quarto size. was engaged, was a monument to the memory for, purposely to hoard them up for future Mr. Edmund Kean, the celebrated actor, owes of the same composer." profit. Nay, I am shocked, when I declare nis education to the above person, who was At pages 100 and 101, Mr. Smith states first that some of our late print-publishers have his uncle, and, when I was a boy, lived at that Scheemakers walked from Antwerp to actually had plates touched up after they have No. 9, Little St. Martin's Lane."

Rome in 1728, and then that it was in 1700 ! been worn out, and have taken the writing In his second volume, Mr. Smith, having whence he afterwards walked, i. e. from Rome, to out, in order that impressions might be taken finished Nollekens, and buried him, gives us England, and became the master of Nollekens. off, which they have most barefacedly published biographical sketches and recollections of seve- The following is more intelligible “1. He for and sold as original proof impressions !" ral artists and others, his contemporaries. some time shared the patronage of the great

Among the other peculiarities which contri. Among these, Roubiliac, Scheemakers, Rys- with Roubiliac and Rysbracks and not many bute to the mélange of these two volumes, we brack, Procter, Zoffany, Gainsborough, Bacon, require to be informed that the statpe of notice a number of local and topographical Wilton, Strange, Vivares, Woollett, Cussans, Shakspeare, in Westminster Abbey, was earved details ; but these we are compelled to leave to Opie, Reynolds, Morland, Hogarth, Barry, by Scheemakers from the design of Kent the the readers of the work,* while we insert an West, Cosway, Harlow, Blake, are

to be architect ; but very few persons appear to be

found ; and we have reaped much amusement aware, that the beautiful little bronze atatue he Suchas the following are curious. Speaking of Liart, from the manner in which they are, to use the of King Edward VI., in the court-yard of London, in a house built by his grandfather, a respectable common phrase, shewn up. We shall quote St. Thomas's Hospital, is also by the hand of the periwig maker and barber, on the south-west corner of as many examples as we can, without en- same sculptor.” Some fine vases of his were sold 1762, called Hoy Lane: Liart's family, as well as many Compton Street and Crown Street,t which was, until croaching too much on our other contents. at the Wanstead House sale in 1822, and the other natives of France, settled upon this spot after the Roubiliae was, it seems, very studiously wrapt monument to Dr. Mead, in the Temple Church, was a maker of survelois, a relishing kind of sausage, up and absorbed in his art :

is executed by him. placed him with tlie celebrated Monsieur Ravenet, the

“A gentleman who had stayed one night Of Ceracchi, another sculptor, who came to engraver, with whom he remained seven years. Liart at Slaughter's Coffee-house until past twelve England in 1773, the account is possessed of then occupied his father's second-floor front room, in o'clock, discovered that he had forgotten the somewhat romantic interest.

“ The best of burial of Patterson, the earliest book auctioneer by lots, street-door key of the house where he lodged; Sir Joshua Reynolds, sold by the figure-castit is stated corellpola pour arrival at the churchyard of and as he had agreed with his landlady not to ers, Mr. Northcote informs me, was also moSaule, which hen DeGarmene tor was discovered that the disturb her other inmates beyond that hour, delled by Ceracchi. Baretti, in bis Guide least six inches too short for his own coffin: we were was prevailed on by Roubiliac to take the other through the Royal Academy,' when

describing detefone upeo the gre infot necessity of seeing the

funeral rubber, and sleep in a spare bed much at his the Strand front of Somerset House, thus clergyman might not be detained ; and the corpse ac

service. The gentleman accepted his invita- speaks of him; ' The two figures nearest the twally remained uninterred until a bricklayer could en tion, and upon Roubiliac shewing him the centre were made by Signor Carlini ; the two his auction room in King Street, it was taken by the room, wished him a good night ; but just as he at the extremities, by Signor Ceracchi, an triumvirate, King, Collins, and Chapman, who held it was nearly undressed, he was horror-stricken Italian sculptor, who resided some time in fourt thue sale eft inooks and prints, but occasionally let it at the sight of the corpse of a black woman London, whose abilities the architect (sir limit for an evening and it was here that the veteran Col laid out upon the bed." He immediately vo- William Chambers) wished to encourage and principally of anecdotes of persons who had left this world ciferated the name of Roubiliac, who, upon keep among ns; but the little ernployment befareenderbirth of three-fourths of his audience. But coming into the room, exclaimed, · On dear! found in England for sculptors, however ex: London Amusement;' and here his pathetic and popular remember poor Mary vas dare: poor Mary! had, when I was taken to see him, very eso was under this roof that Charles Dibdin commenced his my good fren, I beg your pardon! I did not cellent, frustrated his intentions... Ceracchi song openi Pogor Jack was often encored - 3 song of itself she die yesterday vid de small-poc! Conne, tensive premises at No. 76, Margaret-street, position was in such requisition, that "for months the come, and you must take part vid my bed— Cavendishi-square ; he was a short, thin man,

interes foired inste produce in ciast enough and Dibdin come_poor Mary vas my hos-inaid for five six with a piercing black eye, and a very blue of the piazza in Russel Street, such as was formerly called a year-more.'—The statue of Shakapeare, now beard. He was the honourable Mrs. Damer's by-stander,' and similar to those erected in front of the in the hall of the British Museum, was exe. master in sculpture, as that lady declared to enough for Wood, his man, to stand in to deliver out the it in a temple erected for that purpose in his tainly was, met with so little encouragement

, who songs. The crowd and scramble to get them, even wet from the press, was such, that I have seen persons fight garden at Hampton, where it was to remain in this country, that after disposing of his for their turn while others were glad to get out of the during the life of his widow, and at her

death property in Margaret-street, he quitted Eng. upon the possession of Poor Tom Bowling,' or · Poll was to become the property of the British Mu- land for Rome, where he continued to practise mangelicas bittle knowners are the toode, aut le mce hired 24th of September, 1778, printed at the end of French Revolution, when he became so violent and my partner Joe on and of the eccentric artist Cus: seum, as may be seen by his will, dated the as a sculptor until the breaking out of the

a partisan, and so desperate, that he was con. fined the beer, served it out, and collected in the pots, himn; these he put by, and upon his departure, at the demned to death as the leader of the conspireceiving the half-peuce people thought proper to give expiration of his stipulated time, he distributed them rators connected with the infernal machine + “ Near an old house with pillars before it, then several other whims he never was known to smile, nor

amongst the servants of the house. During this and contrivance, and was guillotined at Paris in standing on the site of the entrance to the present chapel would he attend to any thing but the business in which 1801. Ceracchi continued so frantic to the in Moor Street: it was called " the French

Change, being he was engaged. He once went as a coal-heaver for a last, that he actually built himself a car, in tives of France, who came to England after the edict of perforined. He made an excellent chimney-sweeper at which he was drawn to the place of execution, Nantz. Here they met, and communicated with each the masquerades at the Pantheon and the opera llouse; in the habit of a Roman emperor. David, the establishment of the numerous a-la-mode beef shops for though since his death in atas been claimed by several French painter, with whom Ceracchi had lived

other persons."

in intimacy, was called to speak to his charac

corner of Russell Street, in Covent Garden, where he

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