Imatges de pÓgina
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THE ENCKE COJET.

lish. No British subject, tenacious of his repu. Augsburg, 5th Nov.-M. Encke's comet was to the north of , and à Equulei (both double tation for bon ton, will offer up his orisons at seen here last night, by M. Stark, near the stars), and sufficiently near to afford an oppor. any other altar. Many advantages, indeed, are star h, of the fifth magnitude, between the two tunity of comparison with them. The places concentrated in this place of worship. The large stars Scheat and Markab. It looked like of these stars, calculated for 1st January 1830, fashions are displayed, great personages are a very faint and pale nebulous spot, without are as follow:seen gratis, des belles dames make conquests, nucleus or tail, and could not be seen except y Equulei 5th mag...R. A. 21h. 2m. 42.+ 2012. Frenchmen get a lesson in the English lan- by the aid of a powerful telescope. guage, and the pious hear a good sermon. Berlin, 13th Nov.- Encke's comet was first Equulei 4-5 mag..... R. A. 21h. 6in. 1198 2015

27.49 + 14"-550 Madame de Genlis' last work, entitled, Le seen here last month (date not given), by a

Ist Dec.--the comet will enter the constella. Dernier Voyage de Nelgis, (which word is an private gentleman, M. Kunowsky, by means of tion Delphinus ; 10th day-pass into Antinous; anagram on her name,) is severely censured by an excellent telescope, made by Frauenhofer. after which the moon will interfere with the her enemies, and extolled by her friends ; but M. Kunowsky invited M. Encke himself to observation, and the comet will bave so far it is read with avidity by all parties, owing, come and observe the comet from his observa approached the sun as to be lost in the evening perhaps, to this very difference of opinion. In tory (before it was to be seen through the tele

twilight. deed it is a production peculiarly adapted to scopes of the government observatory).

Deptford.

J. T. B. Parisian taste, as the spirituelle authoress Frankfort. The last Number of the Geo. raises the veil of secrecy, and commits some graphical and Astronomical Analecta, by Pro

AFRICAN DISCOVERIES. demi indiscretions, with regard both to her fessor Gruithausen, fixes the 13th of December, In the Literary Gazette of the 8th instant friends and neighbours. This whets curiosity, at seven in the morning, as the time when we mentioned the expedition of M. Caillé to and gratifies the universal inclination to be ini. Enoke's comet will be at its smallest distance Timbuctoo. The Geographical Society has tiated into the private history of distinguished from the earth. According to Damoiseau's since sent him a pecuniary indemnity for his individuals.

Ephemerides, the distance of this comet, on losses and labours. He will, no doubt, soon A new bureau de mariage is opened, and I that day, is calculated at 9,865, 100 geographical publish circumstantial details of his journey. hear is established for foreigners; even matri- miles, which is two millions of miles nearre it is difficult to give implicit credit to the monial unions may be arranged between the to the earth than it was on the 28th of Octo- success of so perilous an enterprise as that of English and French, without the parties having ber: this will make a vast difference in the traversing the unhealthy regions and savage the slightest trouble. The entrepreneur has a intensity of its light.

nations of Africa. So many men, accustomed correspondent in London, who sends him over The newspapers state, that the comet was to such dangers, sustained by the recommend. every week a list of ladies' names, a sketch of observed by Mr. South, on the 30th of October, ations and encouragement of sovereigns, or of their personal appearance, and an exact account and by Sir Thomas Brisbane, near Kelso, on rich associations, have miscarried in their atof their fortunes. From the description given the 26th; but these are evidently notices of tempts to explore countries so fatal to Eu. of the salon of this marriage-broker, it must the nebulæ which, in the first instance, being ropeans, that it may be permitted us for a be really worth visiting, the walls are entirely so near the spot where the comet was antici- moment to doubt whether an isolated indi. covered with portraits des dames, some are re- pated, deceived several very watchful astro-vidual, abandoned to his own resources, can presented as lame, others hump-backed, but nomers.

have triumpbed in an undertaking which has all possessing the essential ingredient to con. For further particulars see the conclusion of been the death of all his predecessors. How. jugal happiness—des écus. .

our monthly astronomical report, which fol. ever, it is possible that M. Caillé may be in.

lows, and our Meteorological Journal. debted to his isolation itself, that he did not ARTS AND SCIENCES.

attract the attention, or incur the suspicion of

CELESTIAL PHENOMENA FOR DECEMBER. the Africans; and if, thanks to robust health, [We have now accounts of this comet (so interesting in a 21st day, 7 hrs, 22 min.--the sun attains its and to the costume and language of the Arabs,

from many quarters; and we have briefly put together greatest southerw declination in Sagittarius. he has really surmounted all the obstacles of the principal observations that have been made upon Lunar Phases and Conjunctions.

every kind which presented themselves to him, it, from numerous sources. Weare not inclined to make a parade of the diligence employed upon the Literary

both France and England will not fail to ad. Gazette in order to supply its readers with the best and

New Moon in Ophiuchus latest information: in this instance it can hardly escape

First Quarter in Aquarius .

judge to him, with the rewards which his zeal

and exertions deserve, the glory, the previous notice; but we consider it no impertinent boast to mention, that besides the general mass of novel intelligence

(Last Quarter in Virgo

pursuit of which has made so many victims. in our last sheet (not one column being destitute of Occultation. — The moon will pass overs matters of this kind) the first observatiou of the Encke Leonis on the 25th day.

DIAMONDS. comet, though conveyerl in a paragraph of only four lines, was obtained at Deptford at the hour of Friday at

At a recent meeting of the Académie des which it is necessary for us to go to press, so that by

Immersion.

Sciences, a letter was read from M. Gannal, working all night we may be ready for Saturday morning; and not withstanding the despatch used in forward- The moon will be in conjunction with

stating the result of his inquiries into the ing the account to our office, it would hare been too

action of phosphorus brought into contact • late but for our having been somewhat delayed by an- Venus in Virgo

with carburet of pure sulphur.
other act of diligence, namely, the insertion of a review
of the three volumes of Tales of a Grandfather, which

Mercury in Libra
Jupiter in Scorpio

Having occasion to prepare a large quantity only reached us on Thursday night.]

Mars in Aquarius

of carburet of sulphur, M. Gannal conceived Dorpat, 6th Oct.Seen by Professor Struve,

the idea of endeavouring to separate the sul. Frauenhofer refractor. 13th Oct. Right as. Ist day—Mercury at his greatest elongation, phur of this product, in order to obtain a pure cension, 7 hrs. 16 min. 1 sec. ; N.D. 28°°44' 7", and visible as a morning star.

carbon. Phosphorus was the material which 10 hrs. 50 min. mean time at Dorpat.

7th day—Venus will appear with 7 digits of he used; and he found that the phosphorus Spires, 29th Oct.—The expected comet of the eastern limb illuminated, and apparent entering into combination with the sulphur, Encke was seen yesterday evening from the diameter of 15 sec.

the carbon was set at liberty in the shape of observatory of the Royal Lyceum, in the con- Mars will continue during the month a small crystals, possessing all the properties of stellation of Pegasus, in the very spot indicated conspicuous object in the south, early in the the diamond, and especially that of scratching by the calculations of the celebrated astrono- evening.

the hardest bodies. The following is a detail mer. It resembles a very faint nebula, and is Jupiter, towards the end of the month, will of the experiment: not to be seen except by means of a good tele- have escaped from the solar rays, and be visible If several rolls of phosphorus are introduced scope.

24 deg. west of Venus. Jupiter will make a into a matrass containing carburet of sulphur, Manheim, 29th Oct. Encke's comet was close approach to the bright double star in the covered with a layer of water, the moment the seen here last night. head of the Scorpion at the following times :

phosphorus finds itself in contact with the car. Turin, 5th Oct.-9 hrs. 50 min. mean time.

buret, it dissolves, and, becoming liquid, is Right ascension 1 B Scorpii

precipitated to the lower part of the matrass North declination 26 Scorpii .

The whole mass is then divided into three dise Very faint : perceptible only through a power.

The proportion of the major to the minor tinct layers ; the first formed of pure water, ful telescope. No nucleus.

axis of Saturn's ring is, this month, as the second of carburet of sulphur, and the Marseilles, 28th Oct.-The comet was seen 1000 : 354.

third of liquefied phosphorus. Things being from the Royal Observatory here, yesterday

Positions of the Encke Comet. in this state, if the matrass be agitated so as evening, by M. Gambart, near the seventy

This evening (29th day) the comet will be to cause the mixture of the different bodies, eighth star of Pegasus, which was the place assigned by M. Encke.

• The Germans reckon fifteen geographical miles to a

the liquor grows thick, becomes milky, md, degree.

after a little rest, separates anew, but only

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D. H. M.

6 16 14 13 9 39 20 18 28 28 22 41

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Emersion.

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12 11
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Saturn in Cancer

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NEW PUBLICATIONS.

into two layers; the upper one of pure water, of making platina malleable ; and another by

ENGRAVERS' PROOFS. the under one of phosphuret of suìpbur; and Sir Humphry Davy, giving an account of some It is well known, that the most exquisite imbetween those two layers there is a very thin experiments which he made in the summer of pressions of all fine plates are those which are, stratum of white powder, which, when the 1815 on the electricity of the torpedo. Of both in the first instance, taken for the engravers matrass is exposed to the sun's rays, exhibits these interesting communications we trust we themselves; and which are therefore distinall the colours of the prism; and which, con- shall be able to furnish luminous abstracts ; guished by the name of Engravers' Proofs. The sequently, appears to be formed of a multitude and indeed, as might be surmised from our amateurs of art will soon have an opportunity, of little crystals.

last and present Nos., we have been making which rarely occurs, of enriching their port. Encouraged by this experiment, M. Gannal arrangements, in the hope of completing the folios by the purchase of a few proofs of this endeavoured by the following process to obtain system in which we have gradually advanced, description of the choicest of Mr. W. B.Cooke's larger crystals, and succeeded. He introduced so as to repair a much-neglected branch of our publications, both from his own graver and into a matrass, placed where it would be quite national science and literature, by regularly from the gravers of the various eminent artists undisturbed, first eight ounces of water, and publishing reports of what occurs at our lead- whom he has employed ; which are to be subthen eight ounces of carburet of sulphur, and ing public institutions.

mitted to public auction very early in the apeight ounces of phosphorus. As in the pre

proaching month. ceding experiment, the phosphorus dissolved ;

FINE ARTS. and the three liquids arranged themselves in MONUMENT IN HONOUR OF GEORGE IV.

ETRUSCAN ANTIQUITIES. the order of their specific gravity. After four. An intelligent correspondent, alluding to an tory of Montalto di Castro, the property of the

The great valley of Camposcala, in the terri. and twenty hours, there was formed between immense block of stone (exceeding the dimen- family of Candelori, is reported to have been the layer of water and the layer of carburet of sions of Pompey's Pillar), lately found in one of the site of Vulci, an Etruscan city, and the insulphur, an extremely thin pellicle of white the Scottish quarries, suggests the propriety of habitants of which are called Vulcienses in the powder, having here and there several air- its being preserved entire, and transported, by Fasti Capitolini. A labourer ploughing the bubbles, and various centres of crystallisation, voluntary subscription, to London, where it ground in the district called Pian di Voce, formed, some by spars or very thin sheets, and should be erected in a conspicuous situation, in derived from the name of Vulci or Volci, others by stars. In the course of a few days honour of THE King, and in everlasting com- which it formerly bore), a very extensive Etrus. this pellicle gradually grew thicker. At the memoration of his Majesty's munificent pa- can sepulchre was discovered. The family of same time, the separation of the two inferior tronage of Literature and the Fine Arts. We Candelori caused excavations to be made there liquids became less complete ; and in three are convinced that if any influential person or during the course of last October ; and in the months they appeared to form but one and persons adopted this suggestion, a fund suf, tombs which were first opened were found an. the same substance. Another month having ficient to defray the expenses would be raised tiquities and ornaments of all kinds, of alabaselapsed without any new result, the question instanter. was, how to find means of separating the crys.

ter, terra cotta, glass, gold, and bronze, among tallised substance from the phosphuret of sul.

which are sculptures, vasos, pateræ, ampulla phur, to which the inflammability of the mix. Engraved Illustrations of Ancient Arms and emblems, and Greek and Etruscan inscriptions.

of various sizes and colours, with mythological ture presented great obstacles. After several Armour. After the Drawings and with the Encouraged by the first success, the family of attempts, more or less unsuccessful, M. Gannal Descriptions of Dr. Meyrick. By Joseph Candelori has doubled its exertions to open all determined to filter the whole through a cha. Skelton, F.S.A. Part XIV. mois skin, which he afterwards placed under Tue plates in the present Number consist of a of publishing an historical description of the

the tombs along the river, with the intention a glass bell, taking care, from time to time, to Dagger, Sheaths, and Sheers, of Elizabeth's renew the air. At the end of a month, this reign ; Linstocks and Pikes ; Armour for the place, and of the most rare and valuable of the

articles that have been found. skin becoming capable of being handled with. Tournament, A.D. 1586 ; a Jousting Shield, out inconvenience, it was doubled up, washed, &c. A.D. 1450 , Glaives and a Voulge ; and a and dried. For the first time, M. Gannal was Genoese Cross-Bow, A.D. 1420. One of the

BIOGRAPHY. then enabled to examine the crystallised sub- sheaths seems to be very curious. It is of all our readers will peruse with interest the following,

QUEEN DO WAGER OF WURTEMBERG. stance which remained' on its surface. Ex. copper ; and on it, in three compartments, is re. though a foreign, tribute to the virtues of a good, an posed to the sun's rays, this substance pre- presented, in relief, the story of the Prodigal

amiable, and an accomplished English Princess, the sented numerous crystals, reflecting all the Son. “ In the first,” says Dr. Meyrick, “ we

eldest daughter of the revered George Ill., and the colours of the rainbow. Twenty of them were see the young man portrayed as a galliard of reign.-Ed.]

sister of our present beloved large enough to be taken up with the point of Elizabeth's reign, taking leave of his father,

Stuttgart, Nov. 4, 1828. a penknife; and three others were of the size who is giving him a purse of money; near him A RELIGIOUS ceremony has been performed of a grain of millet. These last, having been is the steward, endeavouring to impress upon to-day in this capital and at Ludwigsburg; submitted to the inspection of an experienced his mind the value of it; and behind, his which will be repeated next Sunday in all jeweller in Paris, were pronounced by him to mother, bewailing his projected departure. the parishes of the kingdom, and every where be real diamonds ! A M. Delatour states Through an archway of the building he appears inspire the same interest as in this city. The that he has also produced the diamond by a on horseback, pursuing his journey. In the obsequies of the Queen Dowager Charlottedifferent process, of which a brief notice shall second compartment, we see him enticed by a Augusta-Matilda, Princess Royal of Great appear in our next.

loose female, in whose company he is feasting, Britain, who died on the 6th of October, were

and entertained by a fool, while a woman of celebrated in our cathedral, which was suitably LITERARY AND LEARNED. the house is marking up the scores. When fitted up for the occasion, in the presence of OXFORD, Nov. 20.-The following degrees were conferred: he has spent his money, the same person is em- the royal family, of the court, the civil and

Masters of Arte.-W. Ramsden, Christ Church, Rev. ployed in driving him naked from the house, military authorities, and a great number of Rev. R. L. Townsend, St. Mary Hall; J. A. Auldjo, which is not only represented in the distance, persons of all ranks. After a dirge by Zum. Pembroke College ; Rev. J. Eveleigh, Worcester College; but, his sole alternative, attendance on swine. steeg, the court chaplain delivered an impres. G. Dowell, Scholar of Trinity College; Rev. E. Dün. In the third compartment, he is on his knees sive

discourse, on the text, “ The memory of Bachelors of Arts.-Sir S. R. Glynne, bart. Christ Church, before his father, attended by the steward; for- the just is blessed.” The 'sketch of her MaH. Clark, Worcester College, A. Fawkes, Brasennose Cold giveness is obtained, and two domestics are jesty's life, composed by the King's command, leges Twin Dymock, Ballini College, Grand Compounders: Killing the fatted calf for his repast. He is which was read at the conclusion of the serQueen's College ; J. M. Butt, E. Grimmett,'J. W. Watts, then exhibited as embracing his mother; and mon, furnished the biographical data for the Magdalen Hal: Hon. A. Lascelles, W. Boulton, Christ at an entertainment in the farther part, at eulogium bestowed by the preacher on the deChurchi. T. Bevan, Balliol College : D. J. George; T: which trumpeters attend in a gallery. This is ceased, whence he presented to the hearers c. O. Fletcher, Exeter College ; T. Gayfere, Merton Col- probably of Florentine execution.” We do a picture, the outlines of which deserve to leger H. S.C. Crook, Lincoln College; w. Farwell, not know what the original sheath might do, be made more extensively public. The Queen College; R. Guppy, D. Dobree, Scholar, Pembroke Col- but by the plate, especially in the second com- Dowager, eldest daughter of King George III. lege.

partment, we are strongly reminded of Retzsch’s was born on the 29th September, 1766. In Faust.

her early years a foundation was laid in her

mind for distinguished knowledge of modern TAE Royal Society has this year commenced

PANORAMA OF PARIS.

languages and of history, which was deeply its meetings with the reading of several papers Mr. R. BURFond has just opened a small but impressed by an extraordinary memory, and of great importance. . Of these we may man beautiful Panorama of Paris, in the Strand. It in maturer years excited the admiration of tion one 'by Dr. Wollaston on the method is extremely well painted.

I those who had the honour of conversing with

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ROYAL SOCIETY.

BREAD AND WATER.

her. This love of study was chiefly encou- / whose parents had not the means ; apprenticed imminent danger. In this trying moment her raged by her father, whose inseparable compa- the sons of indigent parents, and gave money attendants could not sufficiently admire the un, nion the young princess was, and whom she to those who had behaved well in their appren- shaken courage of the Queen. Her countrymen amused in his leisure hours by reading to him. ticeships, to enable them to travel and improve who accompanied her went to her cabin to con To her literary occupations was added a re- themselves in foreign countries. She was also sole her; but they found her in no want of markable talent for the arts of design, which very liberal to public charities : and all this was consolation : composedly lying on a sofa, she was cultivated under the superintendence of done in the quietest manner, through the said to them, I am here in the hand of God, the celebrated Benjamin West, and which, medium of various persons, and often through as much as at home in my bed." The peril when among us,

he applied with great taste entirely secret channels. She expressly forbade passed away, and the august traveller returned in embroidery and other female works, as any one publicly to praise, or even to speak in safety to the arms of the King and his con, agreeable presents to her friends on various of her benevolent actions.

sort. Unhappily her bodily sufferings increased occasions, and as ornaments for the apartments The judgment with which she practised the after that period, and dropsy in the chest gra. of the royal palace.

art of relieving the distressed was equalled by dually manifested itself. At the same time, By her marriage with his late majesty King the ingenuity with which she made presents pains in the head, to which she had been subFrederic, then hereditary Prince of Wurtem- to persons to whom she was attached, or to ject for many years, and other symptoms, gave berg, (Sept. 1797,) our country became her faithful servants. In these cases, also, she reason to apprehend that part of the brain was second home. Her life was divided between preferred bestowing what was useful, never affected, which, on dissection, has been found this and her native country; thirty-one years repeating the same gift, so that the new pre- to be the case. From the 30th of September she had passed in England, and thirty-one sent was something which seemed wanting she evidently grew worse ; and on the 6th of more among us. From her first arrival in to complete a former one; and wbat would October, in the afternoon, she expired without Wurtemberg, she acquired the love of all per- have been superfluous of itself, was only a a struggle, gently and imperceptibly, in the sons by her affability and her extensive charity. link in the chain. of her gratifying remem- arms of her son, and surrounded by grandShe knew no greater pleasure than that of brances. Christmas was in particular a fes- children, relations, and faithful servants. Our alleviating the distress of others, and in sending tival for her ; she wished that every body pious Queen closed her eyes ; deep afliction no one away without giving consolation and about her, and especially children, should re- spread through the city, whose benefactress assistance.

joice on that festal occasion. With the indus- was taken away; and in all the rest of the In her private life the greatest activity pre-trious kindness of a good mother, she remained kingdom tears of affectionate gratitude were vailed : she was dressed early in the morning, at her work for days together, and spared no shed when the information reached them. Her and ready for various occupations. Her time pains to complete every thing; and when the mortal remains were deposited on the 10th of was wisely appropriated, and employed partly happy eve was come,' she sat in the circle October, with due solemnity, by the side of her in reading, especially religious and historical which she had collected around her, and looked husband, in the vault of Ludwigsburg. books, partly in writing letters, particularly to with silent delight at the joy of which she was her family, to which she was tenderly attached, herself the author.

SKETCHES OP SOCIETY. and partly in drawing and other female With this liberality to others, the Queen pursuits. To the King her husband she was was extremely simple and unostentatious, and wholly devoted, and painfully felt his loss. in this might be a model for her sex. When

Adulteration of Bread. Every year she celebrated his birth-day by those about her tempted her to incur any ex. It is rather a singular fact, that whilst the divine service-on which occasion a sermon on traordinary expense, she would answer," If inhabitants of London have been thrown into his memory was preached — and afterwards I did not limit my own expenses, how should alarm by statements in the newspapers of the visited the vault, (which she often did at other I have enough for others ?" Her goodness of adulteration of bread by the admixture of pultimes,) to pray by the cotin of the deceased. heart and condescension rendered all those verised granite, an epidemic complaint has for Her health, which was visibly impaired after who had the happiness to be near her so some time raged in Paris, which is there attrihis death, never kept her from this ceremony; attached to her, that all did their utmost to buted to the deleterious ingredients put into and often she went down to this solemn duty anticipate her wishes. She was most affec- the bread by the Paris bakers. The disease ill, and appeared to be strengthened when she tionately attached to all our royal family, appears to have extended considerably before came out again. In general, sincere piety was especially to the King and Queen, by whom the faculty of medicine could determine its a distinguished trait in the character of this she was beloved as if she had been their own cause or prescribe a remedy. The patients princess, and became a source of the noblest mother. Meantime she preserved the warmest were generally attacked with pains in the and most unwearied charity.

attachment to her native country, for whose limbs, frequently ending in a total inability to Since the death of her husband, October 30, manners, constitution, and welfare, she always use them, which was of more or less duration 1816, she resided in the palace of Ludwigs- retained a genuine British feeling; and though according to the mode of treatment; and in burg. This town and its environs, and next her health was very weak of late years, she some cases the digestion became so much im. to that, Teinach, in the Black Forest, cele- was induced, in the spring of 1827, by the paired, that they suffered from alternate con. brated for its mineral waters, (of which resi- desire of once more seeing her beloved family, stipation and dysentery, with no day of indence she was very fond, and where she went to undertake a journey to England. She arrived termission during which the digestive organs every year for her health,) were, in an especial there without any accident. The persons who appeared to perform their functions. The first degree, the scenes of her beneficence; and she accompanied her Viajesty on this occasion can. intimation of the cause of this disease was taken considered these two places, though without not find terms to describe the landing in Eng- from the fact, that in the hospitals and other excluding others, as the sphere peculiarly as- land : the affectionate reception given her by public establishments in particular districts, the signed to her by Providence. Here she prac- her royal brother and all her august relations ; inmates were all affected ; whilst in private tised the great art of dispensing wisely. God had the delightful domestic circle into which she re- houses, inhabited by several families dealing placed in her hands the means of doing good, turned after an absence of thirty years; and with different bakers, a part only were at and also the love of it in her heart; so that the acclamations of the people, whenever they tacked. This observation naturally induced she not only bestowed largely, but judiciously, saw, even at a distance, the favourite daughter an examination of the bread furnished by the and almost always contrived to multiply her of George the Third. One of her own most bakers to the public institutions in which the benefits by the manner in which they were ardent desires was fulfilled. Her bodily suffer. disease had made progress; but no more of the conferred. She did not give to poor people ings appeared to be removed by the joy which result has been suffered to transpire than the barren and often injurious alms, but made she felt. She seemed to live again in the re- fact, that adulteration to a great extent had herself acquainted with their wants, and in membrances of her youth; no friend, no old been detected, and that a commission would general preferred paying their rent, in order, servant, had been forgotten. Where any per- be appointed to analyse the bread, and report as she said, to help at tile same time both the sons with whom she used to deal were still in thereon to the government. M. Ratier, a poor tenant and the landlord, and to preserve business, she sent for them and made some medical man of some eminence, in a commuor restore harmony between them. Workmen purchases.

nication to the Clinique, states, that among who had fallen into decay, she relieved by The return home was destined to shew her the upper classes, who purchase the finer quafinding them employment, for which she paid strength of mind and her trust in God in the lities of bread, there have been few cases of liberally; and their work was again used by her brightest light. On the second day after she the disease; whilst among the middling orders, for new benefits. Above all, she extended her had enbarked, when she was very ill, and who use the pain du ménage (household bread), generosity to the private support of respectable much agitated by the parting with her family, they have been very frequent. He describes persons who had fallen into distress, and in the a violent storm, at the mouth of the Thames, this disease as consisting chiefly of acute pains education of children, either orphans, or those threatened her and all on board with the most in the bands, legs, and feet, a shickening of

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the skin, great pain in the stomach, soreness baker, to be convinced that adulterations, more for Master Bull, is a curious affair altogether ; of the throat, and frequent deprivation of the or less injurious to health, are carried on by all suggested by the success of the Rayner Family use of the limbs,--the patient, generally speak- persons in the trade. Various modes of de- with their genuine native melodies. The first ing, having a good appetite, but being con- tecting the presence of improper ingredients imitation of these foreigners was a humble and stantly afflicted with horrible pains (douleurs in bread have been recommended in Paris as modest one, consisting of four Dutch Vrows atroces). M. Ratier ascribes the malady, in a well as in London, but there, as here, they have (about the size and not unlike the shape of great degree, to the mixture of different kinds been found insufficient. Where nothing but Flanders mares), who perambulated the streets of flour in the bakers' bread ; and states, that vegetable adulterations have been practised, with inflexible gravity of gait and features, in the country, where the household bread is only a minute and chemical analysis can deter- singing something which was understood to be made from one sort of flour, the patient speedily mine the relative proportions and the amount Low Dutch, though occasionally in a very high

This opinion is quite at variance of danger to be apprehended; and in cases of key. They literally picked up a good deal of with the received opinion in this country, mineral admixtures, the mischief in the system, money; and several bands of wandering Sa. where medical men advise dyspeptic persons from the use of the bread, may be going on for voyards left the metropolis in despair. Mean. to use bread made of different kinds of flour. a long time before the sufferer has devised a while it seems that some cunning fellow caught M. Ratier, however, seems to think, that the fair test of their presence. The only safe way four Bohemians, or " Tartars” of neighbouring chief canse of the inalady is the introduction is to have the bread made at home from flour provinces, and, like the French Revolution, of deleterious ingredients into the bread; and ground in a mill which may be had at a small fraternising them, prepared them, musically, another French physician, who has gone into expense. * Such bread will not be so white as for the exhibition now tickling honest Johuny's the subject more scientifically, informs us, that that of the baker, and to a vitiated palate it ears at the Argyll Rooms. Taste is all in all, the bakers, by means of gypsum, contrive not may not for a time prove even so agreeable ; but Fashion is more; and so, though every only to increase the weight of their bread, but but the mere smell will shew that the baker, body declares that these Bohemian Brothers also to give to spoiled and coarse flour a degree in improving the colour of his bread, has dete-are by no means to be endured twice, yet it of whiteness which it would not otherwise pos- riorated its quality; and a little use will, in the is well enough to hear them once, for the

He states, that on burning in a crucible effects upon the system, prove the superiority sake of saying so, and talking about them. To at a red heat a four-pound loaf, he found a re- of home-made bread over that of the baker.

enable our distant readers to do the same, we siduum weighing more than four ounces; and

Supply of Water.

will briefly describe the set, which is as ugly a as, from the intensity of the heat, much of the The inhabitants of Piccadilly, and even the one as they would wish to behold. substance must have been carried off, he calcu- passengers through it, have lately been much

The four Bohemian Brothers have, we lates, that in this loaf of four pounds there was annoyed by the intolerable effluvia proceeding shrewdly suspect, been for years domiciliated not less than a half-pound of gypsum, besides, from some thousands of cart-loads of filth of in Cockaigne; but as they are drest up as a com probably, other deleterious ingredients of a the worst description, which have been removed curately as if they were at the Coburg Theatre vegetable nature, which he could not by the from the basin in the Green Park, one of the in the Bohemian costume, they may pass exsame process detect. This mode of adultera- reservoirs, supplied from the Thames, of the cellently, and without question, for genuine tion is very much like that which is said to be Chelsea Water-works Company. The inde- Bohemians, newly imported, duty free. They practised in London, of mixing finely-powdered fatigable Mr. Wright, whose laudable zeal on have been taught, we were going to say, to

The two granite with wheat flour, but we have not heard this subject we wish we could see imitated with sing; but that would not be true. of any result from analysis so extensive as reference to many other public abuses, has ad- middle brothers chant in a manner that has that of the French experiment. The addition, dressed a letter respecting it to a morning nothing peculiar about it; but the wonders of however, of only four ounces of powdered gra- paper ; in which letter he strongly and pro- wonders are the two outside voices. To begin nite to a four-pound loaf, with that of eight or perly remonstrates against the continuance,- at the bottom, there is a deep bass, so deep that ten ounces of potato-fiour (not the farina, which in despite of the report of the commissioners it is as perfect a grunt as ever issued from the is the vegetable extract divested of all the fibrous appointed by the crown, in despite •of the ap-throat of an aged animal of the kind held in part of the potato, but the entire root, first proval of that report by a committee of the abomination by the Jews. The person who boiled, and then dried and rubbed into the House of Commons, in despite of the opinions utters it appears to be a hollow man, and the Aour), would give, at the present price of of above thirty eminent physicians (with Sir sounds which he squeezes out are no more bread, a profit to the baker which, upon a Henry Halford at their head), and in despite notes than they are cadences. To counterlarge consumption, would soon ensure a for- of the disgust of every man who has

balance this great bore, and equally to astonish

eyes tune. In addition to the adulterations of the nose, and common sense enough to judge of the the natives, there is a soprano, with a sham bread in Paris, M. Ratier mentions another information which they convey to him, -of so voice which is altogether a falsetto, at the other circumstance, which requires attention also in polluted a channel of supply to any part of the extremity, who is a still greater pig : his squeak, this country. A great part of the four used population of the metropolis. In adverting to

in vile imitation of Velluti, is unparalleled. in Paris in the household bread is made from a project said to be in contemplation by the The whole four make a noise together; as rye; and he supposes that, in consequence of company for cleansing the foul water, by means for being in concert, there is no such thing ; the wetness of the season, much of this rye has of excavations and filter - beds, Mr. Wright

sometimes the middle two sing in unison ; the ergot, which, although of such great value maintains, with great justice, that it is impos- but the grand effort is, when Signor Soprano as a medicine in certain cases, is, when mixed sible, by any system of clarification, to restore utters chuck, chuck, chuck, as if he were with an article of food like bread, productive the filthy and poisonous Huid to a state which calling to fowls (not fools) around him, and of the worst consequences. In London, where shall render it fit to enter into the composition then he squeals, and bass throws in a growl, rye-bread has been ordered to a considerable of bread, pastry, soups, tea, coffee, &c.

We enough to make the audience exclaim, Well, extent to dyspeptic patients, it may be im- earnestly hope that this very important matter

we never did hear any thing like this beportant to ascertain that the rye from which will not be allowed to rest until a thorough fore!” Nor did they, and we trust they never the flour was made was housed in a dry and reform is effected in it.

will again ; for it strikes us to be as sheer a wholesome state, as otherwise the remedy may

piece of trickery as ever was got up to beprove worse than the disease. The use of rye.

noodle the musical amateurs of this sensible

MUSIC. bread, however, under any circumstances, can

and tasteful metropolis. hardly be justified; for although it may act as We understand that great preparations are

ROYAL ACADEMY OF MUSIC. a laxative, it is only by occasioning uneasiness being made for concerts to be given by the Musical Souvenir for 1829. London, C. Tilt, to the stomach, and creating such an irritation as enables it, by a vigorous effort, to get rid of pupils in aid of this valuable institution.

Chapell, Longman, and Bates. the intruder. The best bread for use in the

THE BOHEMIAN BROTHERS. This is a novelty among our Annuals, and metropolis, where sufficient air and exercise There has been for the last week or two a really a very pretty and very deserving one. cannot be had by the bulk of the community sort of musical entertainment at the Argyll It contains ten pieces of music, viz. seven songs, to make them careless of the kind of food Rooms, carried on by persons called the Bo- a trio, a glee, and a duet. The words are in which they use, is the purest wheaten flour, {hemian Brothers. This little bit of humbug, some instances original; in others selected, containing a portion of its bran. This can only be had by purchasing the wheat, and excellent invention of this kind at the National Repo- Dale. With regard to the compositions, they

from Akenside, Mrs. Opie, Mrs. Hemans,

* We would advise our readers to look at Yearsley's L. E. L., Mr. Bradford, Mr. Feist, and Mr. grinding it at home. From few bakers can sitory, of which we spoke in a former Gazette.--Ed. the four so prepared be obtained ; and it will + We suspect that millers and flour-factors are infinitely rather exhibit good taste than any other pecube only necessary to smell the bread made from more involved in this endious system than the bakers: liar quality; and they are accordingly genepure four of this kind, and that made by any I are on brewers and distillers.--Ed.

rally sweet and pleasing. The two airs which

and a

66

NEW PUBLICATION.

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COVENT GARDEX.

ADELPHI.

we prefer are those entitled Bachelor's Fare admirers, of which she has a great many, tell Stukely was judiciously given ; but Cooper is and the Scotch Harper ; but altogether the us that she possesses tragic powers of the very not the man for an accomplished villain : such publication is a novel and elegant ornament for highest order, and that if she were exhibited in a Stukely could never deceive any body_but the drawing-room table, and an agreeable com- the Juliets, and the Belvederas, and the Isa- himself. Of Mr. James Vining's Lewson we panion for the evening party.

bellas, and characters of this description, she can say nothing favourable: it was altogether

would convince the town of the correctness of a very weak and unsatisfactory performance. DRAMA.

their decision. We, on the other hand, are The house was well attended.

disposed to think that her chief excellence will On Saturday the Beggar's Daughter of KING'S THEATRE.

be found in characters of sentiment and feel. Bethnal Green, by Mr. Sheridan Knowles, We have already noticed the active exertions ing; that the whirlwind of passion is not suited was brought forward at this theatre, and, we carrying on here preparatory to opening the either to her physical ability or her style of regret to say, failed, though we hear from campaign, which, we understand, is now fixed performance ; and that she has hitherto done competent critics that this fate was both just for February, previous to which the new and wisely in abstaining from such hazardous and and inevitable. For ourselves, like too many necessary arrangements could hardly be ma. difficult attempts. That our notion is correct, persons in real life, we took it for granted that turely made. Our west-end town readers will may, we think, be inferred from looking at the Beggar's Daughter would solicit our chahave observed, that the Haymarket has been the characters she has yet performed. What rity again, and therefore did not attend to the for some time under the ban of bricks, mortar, are the best portions of her Claudia ?- most first appeal; in this instance apathy seems to hods, and Irish labourers. These are employed assuredly, the early scenes—those in which have been rewarded, for we saved our feelings. in effecting a complete alteration of the pit, filial affection and an attachment to a humble which is being entirely laid upon arches with and domestic life are by the gifted authoress of an inclined plaue, that will raise the back the tragedy so beautifully portrayed. Where- Tuis theatre, by all we hear, cannot open seats into a better position for witnessing the as, in the last act, where powers of another so early as next Monday. The company is performances, and sink the front rows more description are required, she is comparatively still performing with great effect at the Eninto a level with the stage; so that the occu- weak and inefficient. In Mrs. Haller, in which glish Opera House. piers of the private stalls in that part may there is much timidity, much suppressed pas. enjoy the drama equally well without impeding sion, much self-reproach, and much bitter and The entertainments at the Adelphi have the view of the general mass of the pit au- sincere repentance, she is more at home than continued to be so popularly attractive, that, dience. It may be lamentable to mention, in the new play; and consequently, as a whole, though announced to make way for novelties, that Fop's Alley is to be filled up; so that this is by many degrees her best performance. the Pilot, the May Queen, and Freaks and there will be no passage down the centre of the Her Mrs. Beverley, again, deserves great praise; Follies, have taken another week's lease, and pit—no place for the male wonders of the age but it is exceedingly unequal. Her scenes

We really to stand

erect and display their beauties and with Beverley and Charlotle are very neatly crammed the theatre every night. captivations to the gazing circle round. This and delicately touched ; but in the interview must submit to Mathews that this is not “rigblow. will be felt : it is almost equal to anni. with Stukely—the scene in which Mrs. Siddons lar”-the riglar theatres don't run the same hilation to some forty of our acquaintances; and Miss O'Neill were so pre-eminent—there pieces to full houses for a month together.. and we fear that all the November suicides was evidently the want of power to which we A Miss Wells, a pupil of Mr. Watson's, which have been postponed this year, will be have before alluded ; and although she got essayed her powers last week, as William, in consummated in the more fatal month of through it respectably, yet it was altogether too an amateur performance of Rosina, at the February 1829.

formal

, too much studied, and too artificial, to Royal West London Theatre; Miss Watson With regard to engagements, considerable produce the required effect upon the audience. taking the part of Phæbe. Both were freuncertainty yet prevails. We believe that the same remarks will apply to the prison quently encored, and displayed talents in acting Pasta does not return; Galli' remains at Ma- scene, which, for a similar reason, was rather and singing which will no doubt ere long be drid ; and that neither Porto nor Labłache, the cold and ineffective. Upon the whole, how. more publicly developed on a larger stage. two basses mentioned in the newspapers, is ever, Miss Phillips has lost but little ground Miss Watson's voice possesses very considerable sure. The season is, therefore, likely to com. by this performance, if she has gained none. power ; and Miss Wells is a very pretty girl. mence with operas in which a bass singer is not But why, it may be asked, has she tried this Some of the newspapers are always glad of wanted ; and it may be expected that Don- description of parts at all? There are many any opportunity to have a fling at Macready: zelli

, a tenore, with Curioni, Pesaroni, and characters in the range of the Drama that she last week, by way of a stab at him, they have Mallebran, will, in the first instance, lead the would act much better than any she has yet got up a still story of his having run somebody way in the paths of harmony. Sontag, we undertaken. There is Desdemona, which we through the clothes in acting at Bury. We understand, returns at a later date ; and over- conceive would display many beauties; there wonder they did not kill and bury the unfur. tures have been made to the celebrated Blasis. is Imogen also, and Cordelia; and, in addition tunate victim of that energy which is so offen. It is difficult, however, yet to speak with any to these, there is Virginia, which, in her hands, sive in this excellent performer, but which has degree of certainty, as most of the continental would, we are sure, be represented to perfec- usually been the admiration of the lovers of the singers are only engaged on their parole. In tion.* Let her study such parts as these, and Drama. the orchestral department, we hear, there is a leave the more matronly characters until time grand strike for wages, and a turn out. How and practice shall have matured her powers. it will end, it is impossible to say, as the per- Mr. Young's Beverley is well known, and pro

VARIETIES. formers complain of double base usage, all kinds perly appreciated. It was on this occasion a Trophy.-- Twelve of the Turkish cannon of stops, and nothing to raise the wind. Kettle- very able performance; not but that we think taken at Varna, are, by order of the Emperor drum's pay won't boil the kettle, nor trombone's we have seen him play it better. His dress, Nicholas, to be erected to the memory of enable him to pick a chop; haut-boy is ex- however, was in very bad taste: the coat too Wladislaus, king of Poland, who was slain beceeding low, and all the violins violent. In court-like, and the breeches—may we name fore this fortress, while fighting under the short, there appears to be a great want of con- the word to "ears polite ?”—too common. But standard of the Cross, and of whose mortal re. cert, and almost every one getting into a scrape. of all the extraordinary dresses ever seen in mains no memorial was left. It is to be hoped, however, that an organisation tragedy, or at least in any tragedy but Tom

Music.-The Spectator,' Sunday newspaper, agreeable to all interests will be executed in Thumb, commend us to the habiliments of the contains an account of an amateur concert in good time, and the public be enabled to enjoy gentleman who played Dawson :-surely these the city (one of a series), and in its remarks all the pleasures of sound, without being an are matters to which a stage-manager might | augurs much improvement in our musical tastes noyed by the discords of fury-signifying no- think it worth while to attend. · Mr. Cooper's from this cultivation of the sweet science. thing

Eggs.-A chemist at Geneta states that he Apropos, there was a tragic play called Amor Patriæ, of very considerable merit, published some five years ago has discovered an easy mode of preserving for

by Mr. Lunn (since better known to the public as the six years, or probably for a longer period, eggs, Moore's melancholy tragedy of the Gamester here is a character peculiany suited to this lady's' tarents. perfectly fresh and fit to eat; and a confecwas revived at this theatre on Friday evening, This play was accepted at Covent Garden, as is stated in tioner in the same place has this year em. for the purpose of presenting Miss Phillips to a prefix, but not represented. It is founded on Metas ployed in his business a ton of eggs which had the public in the arduous and generally un- daughter of Regulus, seems to us to be quite in 'Miss been so preserved. All that is necessary, is to profimable part of Mrs. Beverley. Respecting Phillips's line. With such alterations as Mr. Lunn's more put fresh eggs into a bocal (a large round bottle the real talent of this young lady there seems mature judgment and experience in pratiting med and with a short neck), and fill it up with limeto be some difference of opinion. Her warm Itageously brought out.

this tragedy might pon be advan

The way to make the lime vrator is as

DRURY LANE.

water.

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