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Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, &c.

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No. 616.

SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1828.

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walks of life. That which is uncommon, and But not only direful effects were said to REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

apparently against the course of nature, more attend the appearance of these bodies, they were Essay on Comets, which gained the first of powerfully strikes the senses and affects the supposed to generate atmospherical changes,

Dr. Fellowes's Prizes, proposed to those who passions, than the uniform yet sublime pheno- affecting the productions of the earth and had attended the University of Edinburgh mena of the universe. The superficial ob- the animal kingdom; and this was the opiwithin the last twelve years. By David server, as his eye unconsciously wanders over ' nion as recently as during the appearance Milne, A.M. F.R.S.E. 4to. pp. 189. Edin- the spacious vault of heaven, gemmed with of the comet of 1811; it was noticed that burgh, 1828, Black ; London, Longman splendid suns and worlds, sees nothing but the summer and autumn of 1811 were, over and Co.

sparkling points: if his mind should be so long the whole of Europe, remarkable for longAt the present time, when considerable exci- fixed as to observe that this mighty assemblage continued heat, and the cause was generally tation has been wrought in the public mind by is moving round the glowing pole,

ascribed to the great comet which appeared the fancied appearance of one comet, and the

Rolling along, like living cars

during the course of that year. Hence conexpectation of another, when a feverish anx.

Of light, for gods to journey by!

noisseurs in wines are still in the babit of dis. iety and terror has pervaded many classes, he can rarely be brought to think of that ad- tinguishing the claret made from the vintage this Essay on Comets will be read with interest mirable mechanism by which they pursue their of that year by the appellation of the comet and curiosity. The generality of publications circling way. But should the solar orb be ob- wine,' on account of the effect which this lumi. connected with this branch of the science of scured at mid-day by the interposition of the nary was supposed to bave had in maturing the astronomy, are either too popular, or the facts moon, and the fair face of nature be shrouded vintage. But the most remarkable account of are wrapt about with a mantle of obscurity, in awful darkness should a splendid stream of the agency of this comet occurs in a periodical and veiled in mysticism ; $o that none but the mysterious light spread its arch across the sky publication of considerable notoriety, from initiated, and those who revel in intricacies, can should a fiery meteor rush through the hea- which the following statement is extracted: derive any pleasure or instruction from the vens-or a comet, like the spirit of a desolate After premising the opinion of Bacon, that perusal. A profound knowledge of the science world, shake far and wide its tremulous tresses, comets have some power and effect over the will not be requisite to enter into Mr. Milne's terror and curiosity are at once excited to gross and mass of things,' the author' goes on interesting details and discussions ; while those the full, and we hear of the fall of princes, the to observe, that the comet which appeared in who possess a comprehensize acquaintance with ruin of empires, and the dissolution of the 1811 seems a proof of the justness of this rethe subject will have no reason to complain glòbe itself.

mark ;' and he then proceeds to state some that the subject is treatel superficially: the “ The comet of 1454,” says Mr. Milne, singular changes and circumstances' which its acouracy of its descriptions, the clearness of its “ seen at Constantinople, seemed there to be influence occasioned. The winter,' says he, reasonings, and elegance of its formula, will moving in the firmament from west to east, was very mild ;' the spring was wet, the sumensure it a favourable reception, alike from the and to present the aspect of a flaming sword: mer cool, and very little appearance of the sun general reader and the main science. from its great magnitude, it is said even to cari pens the periode stearthiet ke bare

Such a work was eminently wanted. Since have eclipsed the moon, and created among vest mot defisiesris and some were the treatises of Halley, Pingré, and Englefield, the Turks the utmost consternation, as it was not only abundant but deliciously ripe, such prodigious advances have been made in ascer- thought to prognosticate nothing less than a as figs, melons, and wall-fruit. Very few wasps taining the nature of comets, owing, in a great crusade from all the kingdoms of Christendom, appeared, and the flies became blind, and disdegree, to the number of labourers in the field, and forebode the certain overthrow of the Cres. appeared early in the season. No violent the excellency of modern instruments, and the cent. Only two years afterwards, when, not- storms of thunder and lightning, and little or improvements in the methods of observing. withstanding these direful omens, the Turkish no frost and snow the ensuing winter. VeniThe records of the particulars resulting from arms had proved eminently victorious, and were son, which has been supposed to be indebted these advantages were scattered in different spreading dismay over all Europe, Halley's for its Aavour to a dry and parched summer, papers presented to learned societies, in periodi- comet, in 1456, with a long tail turned towards was by no means deficient in fat or in flavour. cals, foreign ephemerides, and occasional tracts

. the East, created reciprocal and still greater But what is very remarkable," continues this In availing himself of these resources, Mr. alarms on the part of the Christians. Pope sage observer, in the metropolis, and about it, Milne has been judicious in selecting what is Calixtus believed it to be at once the sign and was the number of females who produced twins; worth preserving, and bringing it to bear upon instrument of divine wrath ; he ordered public some had more ; and a shoemaker's wife, in the subject on which he is treating. A work prayers to be offered up, and decreed that in Whitechapel, produced four at one birth, all of of this kind was not required for merely a every town the bells should be tolled at mid- whom,' &c. &c. But enough of so deplorable scientific purpose to gratify the philosopher; day, to warn the people to supplicate the mercy an example of astrological faith, more worthy it was desirable with a view to dispel those and forgiveness of Heaven; ut omnes de of the darker ages, than of a country and times remaining mists of superstition and vulgar pre- precibus contra Turcarum tyrannidem funden- so enlightened as ours.' judice which yet overspread a very large por- dis admonerentur.'”

There cannot be any doubt but men of sci. tion of society. Of this we have many recent When one of these glorious strangers unex. ence have tended very much to perpetuate this instances, and those not altogether in the lower pectedly bursts upon the view, and appears feeling ; of this Mr. Milne gives a faithful

amidst the wilderness of stars, with what dif- account, nor does he exempt poets from some Scarcely a day has passed but references have been ferent feelings is it contemplated! The gloomy share of the censure. made in the public prints to a comet said to be seen in the E.N.E., and in some journals, not only its appear ascetic will say it is the abode of the damned; “ Du Bartas labours to describe minutely a ance described, but also its course,--that it was traversing others, that it indicates the death of the illus- comet's physical appearance ; and it will not from the bright star in the head of the kam to that in the trious and noble: the comet of 1811 was con be denied, that the author has succeeded marhead of Andromeda, which star it would eclipse in its progress. This fancied comet, westated some weeks since sidered as the baleful star of Napoleon—to vellously in upholding the reputation of those to be the nebula in the girdle of Andromeda, which has forewarn the destruction of his armies; the bodies as the dreaded messengers of evil. been known to have occupied the same place in the hea

• Here in the night appears a flaning spire, vens from the earlier ages of astronomy, at least as far burning of Moscow also followed this celestial back as 905, A.D.; it is very visible to the naked eye. omen. The farmer scowls at the comet, which

There a fierce dragoir folded all in fire; Venus, also, from its unusual brightness as a morning parches his fields, or, as it may happen, that

Here, with long bloody hairs, a blazing star

Threatens the world with famine, plague, and war; atar, has been mistaken for a comet : and respecting the luminous arch visible 29th September last , a correspond drowns his crops; while the votary of Bacchus, To princes death, to kingdoms many crosses,

To all estates inevitable losses ; ent in a useful miscellany (Mechanics Magazine, Oct. lith) as he quaffs his wine, blesses the comet, which To herdsmen rot, to ploughmen hapless seasons, inquires, " If the comet of Encke were passing in a direc: improves the vintage, producing wines concen.

To sailors storms, to cities civil treasons.' tion towards the sun, might not its tail present the above appearance ?" !

trated as its nucleus, and brilliant as its tail. We need not, then, be surprised to find the

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descriptions given by the historians and pro- great a distance from the earth, that it will of the moon's, and modify this according to fessed astronomers so deeply tinged with the always remain invisible to us, unless in the the law established by Newton, that the effect superstition by which the age was character- lapse of time it shall again undergo other per- increases in the inverse triplicate ratio of the ised, and often so highly coloured or carica- turbations, similar to those which have so often distance, we find, that in order to produce tured, as to render it even difficult to recog- forced it to deviate from its regular course." only the same elevation of the tides as the nise the thing described to be a comet. When, " The result of the most profound and un-moon does, the comet must be (66.6)), or for instance, we read of comets which resem impeachable investigations has proved beyond about four times nearer to the earth than the bled flaming swords and glittering spears, or a doubt that its elements have only undergone moon. But at so short a distance, and pos. one which (as Lubienitz relates) came out from such an alteration, through the disturbing in- sessing, therefore, so great an angular velocity, an opening in the heavens, like to a dragon fluence of Jupiter, as to render the comet now the comet would have passed by long before with blue feet, and a head covered with snakes; no longer discernible from the earth; and this any such effects could have taken place. we only pity the degradation of the human explanation has been deemed so adequate by By prorimity alone, comets are almost mind which either could invent or could tole- philosophers, that it is recorded in the annals wholly incapable of affecting either the moverate such monstrous absurdities. The follow- of human knowledge as one of the noblest ef- ment of the planets, or the system of things ing remarkable description is taken from the forts which astronomy has achieved in unravel- upon their surface. But the case is very dif. Exempla Cometarum of Rossenburgh :- In ling the mysteries of nature.”

ferent, on the supposition of actual contact: the year 1527, about four in the morning, not The interesting question is discussed, re. for one of those circumstances which would only' in the palatine of the Rhine, but nearly lative to the existence of an ether diffused be the chief means of counteracting a comet's over all Europe, appeared for an hour and a through space ; which supposition is confirmed influence in approaching a planet, viz. the quarter a most horrible comet, in this sort. In by the comet of Encke, in which a variation is rapidity of its motion, would serve, by the its length it was of a bloody colour, inclining observed, not to be accounted for' or corrected momentum, to give great effect to a collision. to saffron. From the top of its train appeared by the strictest regard to planetary perturba- Still it must be observed, that, though this a bended arm, in the hand whereof was a huge tions: this variation is indicated by the di- occurrence will necessarily be attended with sword, in the instant posture of striking. At minution of its period, and the shortening of far more alarming conseqnences, it is one of the point of the sword was a star. From the the greater axis of its orbit.

which the risk is infinitely less than a mere star proceeded dusky rays, like a hairy tail ; on But we dare assert, that the part of this approach. For, in order that the collision the side of them, other rays, like javelins or Essay which will be most interesting to the should happen, it is requisite, first, that the lesser swords, as if imbrued' in blood, between general reader, will be that which treats of the radius vector of the comet be exactly equal which appeared human faces, of the colour of collision of this earth with a comet.

to the planet's distance from the sun ; secondly, blackish clouds, with rough hair and beards. “ It was apprehended by many astronomers, that the comet be in the plane of the planet's All these moved with such terrible sparkling that if a comet were to approach the earth, orbit ; and thirdly, that the longitude of its and brightness, that many spectators swooned within a short distance of its surface, the at- ascending or descending node be the heliocen. with fear !'"

traction of the comet might be sufficient to tric longitude of the planet. When, therefore, We hasten from these monstrous absur. elevate the ocean to a prodigious height, and we consider the improbability that all these dities to the scientific part of the Essay, in thus occasion all the horrors of a deluge. La conditions should be simultaneously fulfilled, which considerable judgment is shewn in the Lande computed, that were a comet of the and add to this circumstance, the immensity rejection of many whimsical theories, and the size of the earth to come within 13,000 leagues, of the celestial spaces through which the orbits adoption of those which seem most conformable or about five or six times nearer than the of comets extend, it will at once appear how to truth: in several instances, also, there is moon, the waters of the earth would be raised unlikely it is that such an occurrence should vigorous reasoning in attempting to account - 2000 toises above their ordinary level, and take place in the succession of many ages. for some peculiarities which astronomers have thus inundate all the continents of the world.' But though the probability of such a collision left recorded, but not ventured to account for : Such would undoubtedly be the effect of the is extremely small, we see that it is perfectly of this we have an example in his explanation, mere proximity of the comet; but, as Du Se- possible in itself; whilst the amount of that why the following side of the tail of a comet is jour very justly remarks, this result is ma- probability may be greatly increased by lapse generally hazy and irregular, while the pre- terially modified by several circumstances. La of time. Let us now, therefore, shortly attend ceding side appears distinct and well defined. Lande's calculation is founded on the sup- to the consequences which might ensue from

That division of the Essay which treats of the position, that the comet remains vertical over such an event. It is evident that much will motion of comets through the system, will, we the same part of the earth, till the full effect of depend on the direction of the comet's course suspect, be read with considerable pleasure by its attraction is produced. Now, Du Sejour shews at the time of its encountering a planet. If those who desire to see the most intricate in- in the most satisfactory manner, that, supposing both be moving towards the same quarter vestigations of astronomy in their most simple the ocean to have a uniform depth of a league, of the heavens, each will glide off from the forms ;-we mean the calculations of a comet's nearly eleven hours must elapse before the surface of the other, and no very material orbit on the parabolic hypothesis, which is il- inertia of the waters could be overcome; if the changes will be produced, either on their movelustrated by determining the elements of the depth be supposed two leagues, eight hours ments or on their physical constitution. But comet of 1826. In perusing this, we are fur- and a quarter would be necessary. But, Ist, should the directions of their respective course nished with a striking proof of the advances The comet cannot remain beyond a very short be exactly opposite when the concurrence takes made in determining the periods of comets, by period over the same spot, on account both of place, (a case, however, which it is easy to see contrasting the ideas entertained by Halley, its own progressive motion and the rotation of can happen only with retrograde comets), the who termed that which bears his name, whose the earth. 2d, The comet would soon have consequences would necessarily be far more period is about seventy-five years, “ the Mer- removed to so great a distance, as to lose all serious and permanent. It is true, that in cury of comets," on account of its supposed its power of attraction. 31, The waters of general comets are of very inconsiderable mag. short revolution, when compared with many the ocean are not spread uniformly over the nitude; but the deficiency of mass is amply others, what would he have said of the comet surface of the globe ; and this is a circum- compensated by the prodigious momentum, by of Encke,* whose period is only 1203 days, and stance which, as in the Mediterranean and means of which a planet might be impedel, the comet of Gambart, whose orbit is com- other inland seas, diminishes very considerably or even altogether arrested, in its orbit. lf, pleted in not more than six years and three the elevation of the tides. But, along with for instance, a retrograde comet, moving at the quarters, or 2,461 days !

these considerations, it is essential also to re- rate of 1,734,000 feet per second, should in Some copious particulars are given relative member the small mass which characterises this manner meet the earth, assuming the to the “ lost comet of 1770,” as it has been the generality of comets. La Place, as was earth’s velocity at the time to be 102,000 feet erroneously termed; and it is fully proved, already stated, shewed that the mass of the per second, the shock would have the effect of that, owing to the attraction of Jupiter, its comet of 1770, one of the largest ever ob- at once destroying the progressive motion of orbit is so altered, that instead of its period served, could not have amounted to south part both bodies, and causing them to fall to the being only five years and a half, this comet of the mass of the earth : but assuming that sun, were the comet's mass only about one

requires about twenty years to accomplish its mass was even equal to this, what is the seventeenth of the earth's, or four times that a revolution ; but now it is situated at so actual effect which its attraction could have of the moon. It is true, we have no very • This is the comet so frequently referred to by con

produced on the ocean, in comparison with the authentic records of many comets of such a tinental philosophers, which at its next approach (in 1832) moon's influence! The power of attraction, it size having been observed; though, even if will pass the earth's orbit at the distance of about 14,10 is well known, is proportional to the mass ; 80 there were none at all, the fact would atford an leagues, but at a period when the earth will be in a dif- that if we assume the comet of 1770 to have illustration of our limited knowledge, rather ferent part of its orbit, and therefore no mutual attraction can by any possibility take place,

bad a power of attraction equal to booth part than a proof of the non-existence of such bodies

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But even in our own times Works finished by her lovely hands attract

by the ploughmen, wisdom by the puzzled ma

Attention; here a novel, there a tract: a comet has appeared, whose nuclens, if Her

These works her varied inclinations paint;

gistrates ; and was even occasionally consulted schel's estimate be correct, exceeded the moon The fair, as fashion wills, is blue or saint !"

in his Greek by the excellent curate, whose in diameter, and which, if it had chanced to

Oxford recollections were considerably rubbed strike this body in a particular direction, Tales of the Great St. Bernard. 3 vols. 12mo. out by the wear and tear of half a century: would most infallibly have caused it to descend

London, 1828. Colburn.

even the sugar-baker, in his less exalted mo. to the earth's surface. Seeing, then, that the VARIETY is charming, says the old song, and ments, admitted that I was rather an intelligent collision of a comet and planet is an event of this truth our author seems persuaded. The kind of person for a man of five hundred a year. lying within the verge of possibility, have we lakes and valleys, the sunshine and snow of Yet if this mighty refiner's praise were flatter. any reason to suppose that it is one which has Switzerland, the poetry of Italy, the romance ing to my vanity, his opulence was fatal to my ever happened ? This question we can answer, of Spain, the gorgeous array of the Ottoman, peace. The liveries, equipage, and banquets of only by examining the movements and consti- contrast with the pretensions and mortifica- Mr. Molasses disturbed my wife's pillow; and tution of the planets as they at present exist, tions, the little affectations, distresses, and every new dinner of three courses turned our and tracing back the circumstances now cha- dilemmas, of actual and English life,-a suc- bread into bitterness." racterising both to those causes by which they cession of richly coloured pictures in the magic He goes to London to settle business, induced seem to have been produced.'

lantern of invention. A snow-storm confines by the will of a relation leaving him ten thou. [To be concluded in our next.]

visitors from all parts of the earth at the con- sand a year; and the following scenes, on his vent of St. Bernard, and slight conversations return home, are the reverse of the picture.

produce the ensuing tales. Hebe, a romantic “ The remittances that I had made from Epistles to a Friend in Town, Golconda's Fête, story of love, war, hardships, and escapes, ad- London were already conspiring against my and other Poems. By Chandos Leigh, Esq. mirable in its oriental sketches, but somewhat quiet. I could scarcely get a kiss from either Second edition, containing a Fourth Epistle. diffuse ; while, in striving to exhibit quite melo- of my girls, they were in such merciless haste Post &vo. pp. 288. London, 1828. Colburn. dramatic scenes, probability is rather tasked: to make their dinner toilet.' My kind and We noticed this volume on its first appearance, perhaps in a tale of Hungarian chiefs, sultans, comely wife was actually not to be seen ; and and commended it for the general ability mani- slaves, princes, viziers, and seraskiers, it is too her apology, delivered by a coxcomb in silver fested in the greater number of the poems of much to expect la vérité, but we might look for lace to the full as deep as any in the sugarwhich it consists. Mr. Leigh's style differs la vraisemblance. All the supernatural jug- baker's service, was, that' his lady would have from that which obtains in the poetical compo- glery in this tale staggers us; and whatever it the honour of waiting on me as soon as she was sitions of the day; if it be less ambitious and accomplishes, the most simple human means dressed. This was of course the puppy's own imaginative, or less prodigal in its display of would have effected equally well. The whole is version of the message ; but its meaning was diction, there is no denying, we think, that it a cento of lucky meetings, and rescuings from clear, and it was ominous. Dinner came at is terser and more carefully wrought, and that untoward incidents ; but we could excuse al- last : the table was loaded with awkward prothe thoughts are worthy of every attention, most any event that introduces such excellent fusion ; but it was as close an imitation as we inasmuch as they are connected with subjects portraitures as the Neapolitan ambassadress, could yet contrive of our opulent neighbour's interesting to humanity in all its conditions. the English nobleman,“ whose life is of the post- display. No less than four footmen, discharged The school of Pope seems to be that in which chaise, and whose end is of the pistol ;” and as splendid superfluities from the household of the writer has acquired his poetical creed ; and though last, not least, the boatman of the Da- a duke, waited behind our four chairs, to make we are glad to see that this school still conti- nube. To this story succeed several others : the their remarks on our style of eating in contrast nues popular, and that a second edition is re- Red-nosed Lieutenant, the Patron Saint, and with the polished performances at their late quired of a work written in conformity to its the Married Actress, have already had their master's. But Mrs. Molasses had exactly four. rules. We have now, besides a few other in- meed of approbation in divers periodicals; and The argument was unanswerable. Silence and troductions, a Fourth Epistle to a Friend in to the Locked-up Beauty we shall apply the sullenness reigned through the banquet ; but Town. This Epistle is, we think, the best of author, Mr. Croly's, own words-a“ flattering on the retreat of the four gentlemen who did the four. The topics discussed belong strictly tale of hope, love, orange-groves, and chevaliers, us the honour of attending, the whole tale of to the town and to the day; and the author, plumed, capped, and guitared, into irresistible evil burst forth. What is the popularity of in one or two places, has not spared certain fascination.” But the Woes of Wealth is the man? The whole family had already dropped individuals at present moving in the circles to first narrative and the best ; and this is no small from the highest favouritism into the most which he himself belongs. We insert the fol- praise, for nearly the same track is pursued as angry disrepute. A kind of little rebellion lowing neat and spirited sketches :

in Hook's most admirable story of Burton Dan- raged against us in the village: we were hated, “ Metella, Fashion's most prevailing star,

vers : both illustrate the proverb, “ too much scorned, and libelled, on all sides. My unlucky Brilliant as Venus rising in her car;

of one thing is good for nothing." The hero remittances had done the deed. The village Metella (scorn sits lovely on her lips)

of these woes is one who has resigned all hopes milliner, a cankered old carle, who had made Frowns, can another's radiance her's eclipse? A purse-proud rival, not in loveliness,

of the chancellorship and the gout, for rural and caps and bonnets for the vicinage during the Dared to surpass her, but in wealth's excess. domestic felicity.

last forty years, led the battle. The wife and Shall then the day.god's tower, that flaunting shows Its yellow hue, raise envy in the rose?

" I may be forgiven for talking of this period daughters of a man of East Indian wealth were Oh, no! Metella's splendour far outshines

of my life, for it was my pleasantest. My not to be clothed like meaner souls; and the Her rival's grandeur, were she queen of mines.

sylph' had laid aside her wings without giving sight of three London bonnets in my pew had set That unlought grace of life, Taste, waves her wand Through her saloon-Gold cannot taste command. up her playfulness. She was pretty and fond; the old sempstress in a blaze. The flame was

Though timid Cockneys scorn, a nerveless race, she thought me by much the wisest and most easily propagated. The builder of my chaise. That life of life, the madness of the chase:

learned personage the sun shone on; and, cart was irritated at the handsome barouche in The draw, the find, the soulexciting burst, The burning emulation to be first;

grieved as she was by the superior finery of which my family now moved above the heads These are delights; but sports must lose their zest, a sugar-baker's establishment, whose labours of mankind. The rumour that champagne had When days are blank, and spirits are deprest. Lucilius, burden'd with superfluous coin,

sweetened half the coffee of Europe, and whose appeared at the cottage roused the indignation Pants the kind sharers in his wealth to join,

wealth unluckily overflowed in a new mansion of the honest vintner who had so long supplied Where Crockford's palace glare; upon his eyes, and preposterous demesne within a stone's. me with port; and professional insinuations of As a proud harlot sense of sham: defies. How true the proverb, . Cobwebs that enfold

throw of our cottage, she preserved, at least, the modified nature of this London luxury were The less, on greater reptiles lose their hold.?

the average temper of the matrimonial state. employed to set the sneerers of the village Wondering that men can thus their money lose;

While she was busy with domestic cares, I was against me and mine. Our four footmen had Sons of virtù, a better part you choose. Some book, it matters not in prose or rhyme,

plying my pen; and statesmen yet unborn may been instantly discovered by the eye of our You buy,--we'll call it . Pleasures rare Passelyme;' thank me for the gratuitous wisdom of the opulent neighbour; and the competition was Or drag soine dusty picture to the day,-Cheap, if you have five hundred pounds to pay:

hints that I threw out in the shape of pamphlet at once laughed at as a folly, and resented as The picture you remove, the sacred dust,

and paragraph. But the world is an ungrate- an insult. Every hour saw some of my old Had le.er in its former station rust;The book, how vast your agony of grief!

ful one after all; and I was not summoned to friends falling away from me. An unlucky More precious than the Sibil's, wanis a leaf! the privy-council

. In this primitive way I cold, which seized one of my daughters a week Tullius, whose well-stored library's a hive glided on for twenty years ; famous for the before my return, had cut away my twenty Of sweets the varied flowers of genius give, Is but a drone: from book to book he flies;

earliest roses, the largest cucumbers, and the years' acquaintance, the village-doctor, from Tastes ali, contributes nothing,-uscles dies. two prettiest daughters in the county. I played my cause; for the illness of an heiress' was

Where to support the poor, bazaars are graced the castanets, spoke French, and interpreted a not to be cured by less than the first medical
With high-born dames behind the counter placed:
Fair Seraphina studiously vlieplays

turnpike-act, ali better than any man for fifty authority of the province. The supreme Æs. Her pretty wares for charity, or praise,

I miles round. I was applied to for cheap lawculapius was accordingly called in; and his

ney."

matters worse.

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humbler brother swore, in the bitterness of his | zonets and concertantes, readings from Rous- | hundred other good Reviewer's excuses ; but soul, that he would never forget the affront on seau, and recitations from Voltaire, were the to none of these can we refer in the present this' side of death's door. The inevitable in- order of the day. Ariosto reposed upon the case. The simple truth is, that some books crease of dignity which communicated itself to toilet, and the pastor Fido lay the tender com- disgust us so much, and so early in our perusal the manners of my whole household did the panion of the pillow; and when, after a fort of them, that we never can muster resolution rest; and if my wife held her head high, never night's absence at my Yorkshire manor, I re- to go farther. In vain do we adjure ourselves was pride more peevishly retorted. Like the turned, I could scarcely know my own flesh by the sense of public duty; in vain do we performers in a pillory, we seemed to have been and blood in the two operatic divinities that remind ourselves (viva voce, while sitting elevated only for the benefit of a general pelt- shrank from the horrors of an accueil' so alone) of the very many tiresome hours we ing. Those were the women's share of the threatening as mine, to their machinery of have devoted in the same way: neither sti. mischief; but I was not long without adminis- French flowers, fronts à la Valière, and flounces mulus nor encouragement can prevail over tering in person to our unpopularity. The re- à la the deuce knows who. But I had no time the nausea of some books; and Hazlitt's port of my fortune had, as usual, been enor- to display my wrath on the subject; my atten- Life of Napoleon has been one of these mously exaggerated ; and every man who had tion was drawn to another visiter. It was six ipecacuanha doses. We were not aware of a debt to pay, or a purchase to make, conceived months since I had sent my son to Oxford, a what has since been suggested to us by a himself • bound to apply first to his old and handsome, healthy, and intelligent youth as mutual friend, that the whole thing is a excellent friend, to whom the accommodation any in the land. He had, of course, shared hoax; and that Hazlitt's rivalry of Scott was for a month or two must be such a trifle. If in the family prosperity, and where my remit. a genuine piece of fun, at the serious taking of I had listened to a tenth of those compli- tances cautiously paused, his mother's secret ge- which by a few Reviews, there was no small ments, their old and excellent friend' would nerosity made ample recompense. Between us, laughter among the parties concerned in the have only preceded them to a jail. In some we might as well have sent him as many doses waggery. Yet, in truth, we cannot but con. instances I complied, and so far only shewed of arsenic. In my misbelieving presence stood sider the work to be not only too long, but too my folly ; for who loves his creditor? My re- a sickly-visaged rake, an exhausted emblem of grave for a jest : the ice also is considerable, fusal of course increased the host of my ene- supreme elegance, ringleted and moustached and a consideration. mies; and I was pronounced purse-proud, beg- like a German mountebank, with a cigar puff. Whether in joke or in earnest, however, the garly, and unworthy of the notice of the true ing from his lips into my face, and a cheek author is a strenuous admirer of Buonaparte : gentlemen, who knew how to spend their mo- sallow with late hours and dissipation. Hold- and though his statements respecting that extra

And accession to a baronetage, and ing out to me, as I gazed in speechless asto- ordinary man involve bim in the oddest and twenty thousand a-year more, only makes nishment, a finger loaded with rings, he, in grossest contradictions, it is altogether a whim.

some jargon, half French, half English, conde- sical caricature, and amazingly heightened by My wife's visit to Bath had touched her scended to acknowledge me. I broke from mock metaphysical dissertations, than which with a new sense of the necessity of foreign him, and from all, and rushed to my chamber nothing could be more out of place in real history, elegance to English perfection; and the most to give vent to feelings which I dared not but which (excepting their heaviness) add won. accomplished emigrée that Paris ever polished, shew to my alienated household. I spent the derfully to the pleasantry of the mock-heroic. luckily dropped in her way at the moment rest of that day alone, and in a bitterness of Mr. H. begins with his burlesque at the very when she was in absolute despair of seeing her heart that might have made the beggar at my beginning—the birth of Napoleon, whose modaughters ever possess the true flow of a lan- gate rejoice in his nakedness. My son un- ther, he humorously tells us," then pregnant," guage so essential to their existence as French. done; my daughters perverted into puppets followed some army, &c. " and resided a long The introduction had been managed with di- and dolls; my wife's honest head turning in time (not quite nine months) on the summit of plomatic dexterity by a lady of the first fashion, the general whirl of fashion and foolery ; --if Monte Rotondo ;"_“ but as the term of her who, I had good subsequent reason to believe, a wish from the bottom of my soul could have pregnancy drew near a close, she obtained a received fifty pounds from each party for her sent my estates flying through the air, and set safe conduct from Marshal Devaux to return share in a negotiation of such exquisite diffi- me down on my quiet competence again, I to her, bousa at Ajaccio. Napoleon was born culty. We brought our invaluable treasure should that night have been the possessor of here on the day of the Feast of the Assumphome with us, and rejoiced in a tutoress, or five hundred pounds a year, and not a shilling tion. His mother had gone to church ; but rather in an interesting friend,' who would more. But freedom is not the privilege of men finding herself taken ill, had hastened back to soon smooth us into such shining specimens of of my station. I found on my table a notice her room, which she reached just in time, and society, that our rustic neighbours would not that I had been most graciously appointed by where the new-born infant came sprawling dare to lift their dazzled eyes where we trod. his majesty to the important and honourable into the world on an old carpet with huge The emigrée was pretty, and she had a pretty office of high sheriff for the county;' and the tawdry figures. It is not unreasonable to supstory, which she disclosed to the heads of the next morning had scarcely dawned when I was pose, that the harassed life and high-wrought house under the most solemn seal of secrecy,' instructed that the assizes were about to begin, feelings of the mother, previously to his birth, and with some as prettily produced tears as I and that I must attend the triumphal entry of might have had an influence on the temper ever saw glitter on a long silken eyelash. “She their worships the judges. I loathed this scene and future fortunes of the son." was' and the sigh that sent forth the tale was of rustic bustle; but where was my resource ? Rabelais himself has nothing finer than this accompanied with an attesting upthrown glance Public business must be done by public men.' the trampling on the old carpet, emblematical of the dewy black eye, that none but a Goth or I submitted, like one going to the block. A of the old courts and governments of Europe, a Hun could dare to disbelieve. “She was the miserable week was spent in a perpetual tumult as soon as he “sprawled” into the world, is a daughter, the only and beloved daughter,' of a of preparation ; and while my showy carriages, glorious hit ; and the “ huge tawdry figures" marquess of immense revenues, who, alas ! fell horses, javelin-men, and dinners, only laid up of the pattern! so accurately remembered by a victim to his loyalty in the early stage of the a store of bile in the bosoms of every predeces. the faithful historian,-were not they the mo. revolution. He died in the army of Condé, sor whose finances might less afford the neces- dern Gargantuas, the symbols of legitimate after performing prodigies of valour, and be-sary display, I could have wished the whole kings, queens, and such small deer, upon queathing his infant Cassandre-Stephanie-Ar- ceremony at the bottom of the ocean." whom the infant might commit the utmost mide-St.-Ange to the care of his illustrious A contested election, and a winter in Lon- offence possible to be committed by a leetel leader. Attached from her birth to the royal don, finally exhaust the unfortunate baronet's baby within an hour after being born! “ It cause, the most magnificent offers from Napo- patience, and he flies to Switzerland, “ to be is not (as Mr. Hazlitt so well observes) leon himself could not tempt her to remain nobody, to be good for nothing, and to be it is not unreasonable to suppose” that this under his atrocious dynasty. Plutôt périr, happy. And we must conclude by recom- first business of the rug at Ajaccio, and plutôt périr,' exclaimed the pretty ultra, with mending a visit to St. Bernard's to our read- his mother's high-wrought feelings, must an attitude worthy of Duchesnois. She had ers; they will find they can spend a very plea- have had a very great influence on the future vowed to devote her life to the sublime revenge sant morning or evening in these most amusing of imbuing English genius with the accom- volumes, of which the first two, and part of • Hazlitt displays amazing skill in this way-exaggeratplishments of France, and thus depriving her the third, are entirely original.

ing so as to give immense force to his burlesque. Thus,

page 83, Vol. I., insisting, with all the semblance of ungrateful country of the only laurel whose

earnest eulogy, on the importance of the free press, he loss would be irreparable. To resist the con- The Life of Napoleon Buonaparte. By W. winds up a laboured panegyric of the most pompoua viction of such tears from such eyes was im. Hazlitt. 8vo. Vols. I. II. Hunt and Clarke.

grandiloquence, with the burlesque, that "it will shatter

the strong holds of pride and prejudice to atoms, as the possible. My two tall girls were instantly sent THERE are some works which we have to pent-up air shatters whatever resists its expansive force to drill. Their old acquirements were flung excuse ourselves for postponing, in consequence pent-up air, and shattering whatever resisted it: it s

This is the height of satire--the open press being like aside like old clothes. A new course of can- of multiplicity of publications, hurry, and a superb!

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fortunes of Buonaparte. We have no doubt which human nature revolts, to which the state. The following is a specimen. On one but that the pristine idea of the carpet led to Eve of St. Bartholomew was a sport, and occasion, a band of hunters had surprised two his annexing Brussels to the French empire, which has no parallel of stain in the annals of elephants, a male and female, in an open spot and had much influence in his wars upon mankind ?

near the skirts of a thick and thorny jungle. Turkey.

But it is not worth while to pursue such The animals fled towards the thickets; and the But our author's style is hardly equal on wild-goose foolery as this is any farther. In ten male, in spite of many balls which struck him some occasions to the exuberance of his hu- pages we have found as much sheer nonsense ineffectually, was soon safe from the reach of For example:

as might suffice for a whole fashionable novel; the pursuers; but the female was so sorely “ Who, in reading history, where the cha. and wherever we have taken the trouble to wounded, that she was unable to retreat with racters are laid open and the circumstances dip, the same jejune abstractions, the same the same alacrity, and the hunters having got fairly stated, and where he himself has no false want of reasoning powers, the same ludicrous between her and the wood, were preparing bias to mislead him, does not take part with the attempts at paradox and effect, the same tur- speedily to finish her career-when, all at once, oppressed against the oppressor ? Who is there gidness of language, blotted with every kind of the male rushed forth with the utmost fury that admires Nero at the distance of two thou- misconstruction, and (to generalise the matter) from his hiding-place, and with a shrill and sand years ? Did not the Tartuffe in a man. the same rubbish, has offended grammar, taste, frightful scream, like the loud sound of a ner hoot religious hypocrisy out of France; sense, feeling, and judgment. "It is in prin- trumpet, charged down upon the huntsmen. and was it not on this account constantly deciple a worthless, without being in execution So terrific was the animal's aspect, that all nounced by the clergy? What do those who a clever, book.

instinctively sprung to their horses, and read the annals of the Inquisition think of that =

fed for life. The elephant, disregarding the dread tribunal ? And what has softened its The Juvenile Keepsake for 1829. Edited by others, singled out an unfortunate man (Čobus horrors but those annals being read? What T. Roscoe. Pp. 224. London, Hurst, Chance, Klopper I think was his name), who was the figure does the massacre of St. Bartholomew and Co.

last person that had fired upon its wounded make in the eyes of posterity? But books The last and youngest of the Annuals, but no comrade, and who was standing, with his anticipate, and conform the decision of the pub- less, deserving than its competitors of public horse's bridle over his arm, reloading his huge lic, of individuals, and even of the actors in favour. Though addressed to juvenile readers, gun at the moment the infuriated animal burst such scenes, to that lofty and irrevocable its pages are meant for those beyond the age of from the wood. Cobus also leaped hastily on standard, mould and fashion the heart and childhood ; and though rather of a serious turn, horseback, but before he could seat himself in inmost thoughts upon it, so that something more especially the poetry, there is no want of his saddle the elephant was upon him. One manly, liberal, and generous grows out of the amusement. The Deaf Filea, by the Author of blow from his proboscis struck poor Cobus to fever of passion and the palsy of base fear; and Holland Tide; the Flower Show; and the the earth; and, without troubling himself about this is what is meant by the progress of mo- Diamond Washers, are pretty tales, but too the horse, which galloped off in terror, he dern civilisation and modern philosophy.” long for our limits at this late period. The thrust his gigantic tusks through the man's

Finding by this extract that the Tartuffe is following anecdotes of the elephant's sagacity body, and then, after stamping it flat with his a history, we beg recommend that particular are related by Mr. Pringle, whose residence in ponderous feet, again seized it with his trunk, edition of it to our readers—if they can get it? their native country well qualifies him to speak and flung it high into the air. Having thus but perhaps they will understand all this quota- of their habits.

wreaked vengeance upon his foes, he walked tion better than we do. Indeed, we confess “ A few days before my arrival at Enon, a gently up to his consort, and affectionately with sorrow, that our author's grammar does not troop of elephants came down one dark and caressing her, supported her wounded side with always enable us to see clearly through his mean- rainy night, close to the outskirts of the village. his shoulder, and regardless of the volleys of ing, and that his style is, like his sentiments, The missionaries heard them bellowing and balls with which the hunters, who had again seldom what can be called Engliski. Of the making an extraordinary noise for a long time rallied to the conflict, assailed them, he suc. French revolution, he says—“ There was not at the upper end of their orchard ; but knowing ceeded in conveying her from their reach into one of those abuses and grievances which the well how dangerous it is to encounter these the impenetrable recesses of the forest. One rough grasp of the Revolution shook to air, powerful animals in the night, they kept close of my own friends, Lieut. John Moodie, of the that had not been the butt of ridicule, the within their houses till day-light. Next morn- Scotch Fusileers, now a settler in South Africa, theme of indignant invective, the subject of ing, on examining the spot where they had had an almost miraculous escape on an occasion serious reprobation, for near a century. They heard the elephants, they discovered the cause somewhat similar. He had gone out to an ele. had been held up without ceasing and without of all this nocturnal uproar. There was at phant hunt with a party of friends ; and they answer to the derision of the gay.”—“Every this spot a ditch or trench, about four or five had already succeeded in killing one or two of public and private complaint had been sub- feet in width, and nearly fourteen feet in depth, a small herd, and the rest were retreating bejected to the touchstone of inquiry and argu- which the industrious missionaries had recently fore them towards their woody fastnesses, when ment; the page of history, of fiction, of the cut through the bank of the river, on purpose one of the females having been separated from drama, of philosophy, had been laid open, and to lead out the water to irrigate some part of her young one among the bushes, forgot all re. their contents poured into the public ear, which their garden ground, and to drive a corn mill. gard to her own safety in maternal anxiety, turned away disgusted from the arts of so- Into this trench, which was still untinished and turned back in wrath upon her pursuers to phistry or the menace of authority.”—“ Why and without water, one of the elephants had search for it. Mr. Moodie, who happened to (he continues, in his own facetious manner) evidently fallen, for the marks of his feet were be on foot at the time, was the individual that why should a nobleman be permitted to spit in distinctly visible at the bottom, as well as the the animal first caught sight of, and she in. your face, to rob you of an estate, or to de impress of his huge body on its sides. How he stantly rushed upon him. To escape from an bauch your wife or daughter with impunity, had got into it was easy to conjecture, but how, angry elephant in open ground is often difficult when it was no longer deemed an honour for being once in, he had ever contrived to get out enough for a well-mounted horseman. My him to do so ?". Why, indeed ? Mr. H. is again, was the marvel. By his own unaided friend gave himself up for lost: nor would the very fond of the interrogative, and we think, efforts it was obviously impossible for such an activity of despair have availed him — the ani. calculating by what we have read of it, that animal to have extricated himself. Could his mal was close at his heels. But just at the four-fifths of his history must be in the form comrades, then, have assisted him ? There moment when she was about to seize or strike of questions; but, unlike the books of instruc- can be no question but they had—though by him to the earth with her upraised proboscis, tion now so much in use, there happen to be what means, unless by hauling him out with he fortunately stumbled and fell. The eleno answers to his quæres. His how d'ye dos their trunks, it would not be easy to conjecture. phant, unable at once to arrest her impetuous have no very well I thank yes. His assertions, and in corroboration of this supposition, on career, made an attempt to thrust him through however, make up for this: they possess great examining the spot myself, I found the edges of with her tusks, as he lay on the ground before positive force. Ex. gr. • The old French this trench deeply indented with numerous her, and actually tore up the earth within an government became effete in all its branches, vestiges, as if the other elephants had stationed inch or two of his body, and slightly bruised and fell to the ground as a useless incum- themselves on either side, some of them kneel- him with one of her huge feet as she passed brance, almost without a struggle, and withouting, and others on their feet, and had thus by over him. Before, however, she could turn one feeling of regret in one worthy and well- united efforts, and probably after many failures, back to destroy him, Mr. Moodie contrived to informed mind.” - Almost without a strug- hoisted their unlucky brother out of the pit. scramble into the wood, and her young one at gle”!!!! What, then, becomes of all “ the Similar instances of intelligence and affec- the same instant raising its cry for her in anore-action" we hear of? where, then, was the tionate attachment have been frequently re-ther direction, the dangerous animal went off cause of all the torrents of blood that was shed lated to me by persons of veracity, familiar without searching further for him.” in this horrid period, at the bare recollection of with the habits of the elephant in his wild It is but justice to observe, that the very

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