« AnteriorContinua »
beauties. We like the following little poem Itinerary, is a rich mine of information, like space of eighteen centuries at least ; for the much.
one of those of tin or copper in the district of historian describes the access to this island pre" Stanzas for Evening.
which it treats. We shall therefore, without | cisely such as it is at the present period-pracThere is an hour when leaves are still, and winds sleep on further preface, transfer some of its stores to ticable only at low water for wheel carriages." When far beneath the closing clouds the day hath found a our page.
The action of the sea and other natural And stars that at the note of dawn begin their circling “The sea is encroaching upon every part of causes produico many remarkable effects on
flight, Return, like sun-tired birds, to seck the sable boughs of
unishte the Cornish coast. In the memory of many this coast. For example, at Kynance Cove, The curtains of the mind are closed, and slumber is most persons still living, the cricketers were unable" One of the rocks in this cove exhibits a very
to throw a ball across the Western Green, be- curious phenomenon, whimsically called the And visions to the hearts of men direct their fairy feet; The wearied wing hath gained a tree, pain sighs itself to
tween Penzance and Newlyn, which is now Devil's Bellows. There is a very deep chasm,
[bresst. not many feet in breadth ; and the grandfather through which the sea rushes like a waterAnd beauty's bridegroom lies upon the pillow of her of the present vicar of Madron is known to spout, preceded by a sub-marine rumbling, as There is a feeling in that hour which tumult ne'er hath have received tithes from the land under the lond as thunder : a flowing tide, accompanied Which nature seems to dedicate to silent things alone;
cliff of Penzance. On the northern coast we with a swell of the waves, seems to be essential The spirit of the lonely wakes, as rising from the dead, have striking instances of the sea having made for the production of this effect. De Luc offers And finds its shroud adorned with flowers, its night-lamp similar in roads. newly fed.
This, however, is the natural the following explanation of the phenomenon. The mournful moon her rainbows hath, and mid the
result of the slow and silent depredation of the In the rock there is a succession of caverns, blight of all
(pall; water upon the land: but at a very remote into which the agitated sea rushes by some That garlands life, some blossoms live, like lilies on a period we are assured by tradition that a consi- sub-marine passage, and being dashed and Thus while to lone allliction's couch some stranger-joy derable part of the present hay, especially that broken against their sides, a large quantity of The bee that hoardeth sweets all day hath sadness in its comprehended within a line drawn from near air* is thus disengaged from them, which, Vet some there are whose fire of years leaves no remem- Cuddan point on the east side, to Mousehole on becoming highly compressed, and not being bered spark,
[dark. the west, was land covered with od, but able to escape beneath, in consequence of the Whose summer-time itself is bicak, whose very daybreak which, by an awful convulsion and irruption of perpetual entrance of the waves, is forced to The stem, though naked, still may live, the leaf though the sea, was suddenly swept away. perished cling;
If we pass with great violence and noise from cavern But if'at first the root be cleft, it lies a branchless thing. trace the north-west shore of the bay, from the to cavern, until it forces itsell, together with a And oh! to such, long, hallow'd nights their patient music Mount westward to Newlyn, the ebb-tide leaves column of water, through the opening above.''
(they bend; The hours like drooping angels walk, more graceful as
a large space uncovered; the sea-sand is from “We now proceed to Sennan Church-town, † And stars emit a hope-like ray, that melts as it comes one to two or three feet deep, and under this which, according to barometrical admeasurenigh,
It And nothing in that calm hath life that doth not wish to mould, full of woodland detritus, such as the is about a mile from the Land's End, and is
fcie." stratin of sand is found a black vegetable ment, is 391 feet above the level of the sea. It is evident that Shelley has been the favour- branches, leaves, and nuts of coppice wood, to- celebrated for containing the ale-house whimite inspiration of these pages ; and we scarcely gether with the roots and trunks of forest sically called. The First and Last Inn in Eng. object to this—the very enthusiasm of admira- trees of large growth. All these are mani. land. On the western side of its sign is tion is the mark of a poet; but faults are festly indigenous ; and, from the freshness and inseribed. The First,' and on the eastern side, catcbing, and few faults would be greater stum- preservation of some of the remains, the imun- The Last Inn in England.' Having bling-blocks than his in the way of popularity. dation of sand, as well as water, must have arrived at the celebrated promontory, we Poets should always bear in mind that they do been sudden and simultaneous ; and the cir- descend a rapid slope, which brings us to a not write for poets only. We now close Mr. cumstance of ripe nuts and leaves remaining bold group of rocks, composing the western Blanchard's volume, convinced that his future together would seem to shew that the irruption extremity of our island. Some years ago reputation rests with himself: he bas only to happened in the autumn or in the beginning of military oficer who visited this spot, was rash concentrate the essence of poetry, which he most winter. This vegetable substratum has been enough to descend on horseback'; the horse undeniably possesses, and to take care, while traced seaward as far as the ebb would permit, soon became unruly, plunged, reared, and, looking for felicitous expressions, not to adopt and has been found continuous and of like na fearful so relate, fell backwards over the preci. those which are not allowable by any stretch of ture. Another proof of these shores having pice, and, rolling from rock to rock, was dashed allusion or meaning; which render similes and been suddenly visited by a tremendous cata- io atoms before it reached the sea. The rider metaphors, otherwise excellent, perfectly bur- strophe, has been afforded by the nature of the was for some time unable to disengage himself ; lesque ; and which provoke the carpings of sand banks constituting the Eastern and West- but at length, by a desperate effort, he threw little critics, who are insensible to the higher ern Greens, and which will be found to be the himself off, and was happily caught by some qualities which they certainly spot, but neither detritus of disintegrated granite ; whereas the fragments of rock, at the very brink of the mar nor conceal. He will thus make the Spirit natural sand, which forms the bed of the sea, precipice, where he remained suspended in a of Poetry what he exquisitely defines it to be in is altogether unlike it, being much more com- state of insensibility until assistance could be this couplet
minuted, different in colour, and evidently the afforded him! The awful spot is marked hy
result of pulverised clay-slate.' But when did the figure of a horse-shoe, traced on the tnrf Along an earthly lyre?"
this mighty catastrophe occur, and what were with a deep incision, which is cleared out from
its causes ?' These are questions which are not time to time, in order to preserve it as a monu. A Guide to Mount's Bay and Land's End, ge. readily answered: the event is so buried in the ment of rashness, which could be alone equalled
A new edition. By a Physician. 12mo. depths of antiquity, that nothing certain or by the good fortune with which it was attended.
pp. 272. London, 1828. Underwoods. satisfactory can be collected concerning it ; al. Why any promontory in an island should be The republication of a volume which appeared though it would appear, from the concurrent exclusively denominated the Land's End, it is some years ago, when there were no Literary testimony of Florence of Worcester and the difficult to understand; yet, so powerful is the Gazeties to make the merits of authors known, Saxon Chronicles, that a remarkable invasion of charm of a name, that many persons have and whieh consequently did not attract a tithe the ocean occurred in November 1039. With visited it on no other account. The intelligent of that attention so justly due to it: for un- respect to the causes of the phenomenon we are tourist, however, will receive a much more der the unassuming title of a local Guide, it is equally uninformed : let the geologist examine substantial gratification from his visit; the indeed a work of various and excellent qualities, the appearance of the coast with attention, and great geological interest of the spot will afford alike entertaining and instructive. We have then decide with what probability De Luc him an ample source of entertainment and no hesitation in pitching upon Dr. Paris as the attributed the catastrophe to a subsidence of instruction, while the magnificence of its conPhysician to whom the public is indebted for it. the land. It must not, however, be concealed vulsed scenery, the ceaseless roar and deep Like several of his other writings, it makes that many geologists have questioned the pro-intonation of the ocean, and the wild shrieks philosophy a sport, and science a pleasure, by bability of the occurrence altogether ; and argue of the cormorant,_all combine to awaken the mingling anecdote, amusing recollections, and from the appearance of the coast, whose rocks lighter matter, with notices of the extraordinary heat back the envious siege of watery Neptune,' * “ The quantity of air thus separated from water is so geology, mineralozy, boiany, antiquities, &c. that no very important change in the hydro-great, that in the Alps and in the Pyrenees very powerful
bellows are made for forges by the fall of a column of which distinguish this very peculiar part of the graphical outline of the Cornish peninsula can water, through a wooden pipe, into a closed cask, in British coast. Six short excursions from Pen- have taken placa during the present constitu- which it dashes on a stone in the botton, when the afr zance furnish his observant mind with materials tion of the earth's surface. If St. Michael's in the cover of the cask, into the founders." of greater interest than many men could elicit Jount be in reality the ictis of Diodorus Si. + "Church-turn. Thisexpression is peculiar to Cornwall. by travelling, froin one end of Lurope to the enlus, we have certainly a decisive proof that the fact is, that since many market, and even borough oiher ; and his book, instead of being a dry no material change has taken place for the l that have it with the title of church-town.”
• What is it but the air of Heaven
blended sensations of awe and admiration. tardy sun sink into the western ocean, than/membrance of the ancient prophecy, that they The cliff which bounds this extremity is rather the young and old of both sexes, animated by fed in all directions, supposing that it was use. abrupt than elevated, not being more than the genius of the night, assemble in the town less to contend against the destiny that had sixty feet above the level of the sea. It is and different villages of the bay with lighted been predicted. The Spaniards, availing them. composed entirely granite, the forms of torches. Tar-barrels having been erected on selves of this desertion, set it on fire in dif. which present a very extraordinary appear- tall poles in the market-place, on the pier, and ferent places, as they had already done to ance, assuming in some places the resemblance in other conspicuous spots, are soon urged into Newlyn, and then returned to their galleys, of shafts that had been regularly cut with the a state of vivid combustion, shedding an ap- intending to renew the flames on the ensuing chisel; in others, regular equidistant fissures palling glare on every surrounding object, and day; but the Cornish having recovered from divide the rock into horizontal masses, and which, when multiplied by numerous reflec- their panic, and assembled in great numbers on give it the character of basaltic columns; in tions in the waves, produce at a distant view a the beach, so annoyed the Spaniards with their other places, again, the impetuous waves of the spectacle so singular and novel as to defy the bullets and arrows, that they drew their gal. ocean have opened, for their retreat, gigantic powers of description; while the stranger who leys farther off, and, availing themselves of a arches, through which the angry billows roll issues forth to gain a closer view of the fes- favourable breeze, put to sea and escaped. It and bellow with tremendous fury. Several of tivities of the town, may well imagine himself is worthy of remark, that when the Spaniards these rocks, from their grotesque forms, have suddenly transported to the regions of the first came on shore, they actually landed on a acquired whimsical appellations, as that of the furies and infernal gods; or else that he is rock called Merlin.' The historian concludes Armed Knight, the Irish Lady, &c. An witnessing, in the magic mirror of Cornelius this narrative by observing, that these were the Inclining rock on the side of a craggy head- Agrippa, the awful celebration of the fifth day only Spaniards that ever landed in England as land, south of the Land's End, has obtained of the Eleusinian feast;" while the shrieks of enemies." the name of Dr. Johnson's Head; and visiters, the female spectators, and the triumphant yells In this quotation we have been somewhat after having heard the appellation, seldom fail of the torch-bearers, with their hair streaming amused with the grand philosophical language to acknowledge that it bears some resemblance in the wind, and their flambeaus whirling in which the simple fact of lighting the tar. to the physiognomy of that extraordinary man. with inconceivable velocity, are realities not barrels is told ;-they are soon urged into a On the north, this rocky scene is terminated calculated to dispel the illusion. No sooner state of vivid combustion.” There are here by a promontory 229 feet above the level of the are the torches burnt out, than the numerous and there touches of the same kind of flowery sea, called Cape Cornwall, between which and inhabitants engaged in the frolic, pouring style ; for instance - "The scenery, too, is the Land's End the coast retires, and forms forth from the quay and its neighbourhood, here of the most magnificent description; rocks Whitsand Bay; a name which it derives from form a long string, and, hand in hand, run overhang rocks in ruinous grandeur, and apthe peculiar whiteness of its sand, and amongst furiously through every street, vociferating, pear so fearfully equipoised, that, although which the naturalist will find several rare mi. an eye,'—' an eye,'— an eye!' At length secure in their immensity, they create in the croscopic shells. There are, besides, some his. they suddenly stop, and the two last of the mind the most awful apprehension of their in. torical recollections which invest this spot with string, elevating their clasped hands, form an eye stability, whilst the mighty roar of the ocean interest. It was in this þay that Stephen landed to this enormous needle, through which the beneath unites in effect with the scenery on his Arst arrival in England, as did King thread of populace runs; and thus they con- above. All around is sublime.” We like the John on his return from Ireland ; and Perkin tinue to repeat the game until weariness dis- plain manner better, even were it as plain as Warbeck, in the prosecution of those claims to solves the union, which rarely happens before Dolly Pentreath's epitaph. the crown to which some late writers have been midnight. On the following day (Midsummer “ Paul church is a very conspicuous object, disposed to consider that he was entitled, as the day) festivities of a very different character from its high elevation, and interests the hise real son of Edward the Fourth.
The enliven the bay; and the spectator can hardly torian from the tradition, already stated, of its natural product of the high lands is only a be induced to believe that the same actors are having been burnt by the Spaniards; upon thin turf, interspersed with heath, fern, and engaged in both dramas. At about four or which occasion the south porch alone is said, furze. This product is carefully collected, five o'clock in the afternoon, the country peo- in consequence of the direction of the wind, to and preserved in stacks by the inhabitants, for ple, drest in their best apparel, pour into Pen- have escaped the conflagration. A pleasing the purpose of fuel. It is worthy of remark, zance from the neighbouring villages, for the confirmation of this tradition was lately af. that the nature of the fuel employed in a counpurpose of performing an aquatic divertisement. forded during some repairs, when one of the try always imparts a character to its cookery; At this hour the quay and pier are crowded wooden supporters was found charred at the hence the striking difference between that of with holiday-makers, where a number of ves- end nearest the body of the church. It also Paris and London: so in Cornwall, the conve- sels, many of which are provided with music deserves notice, that the thick stone division nience afforded by the furze in the process of for the occasion, lie in readiness to receive at the back of the Trewarveneth pew, which baking, has given origin to the general use of them. In a short time the embarkation is has so frequently occasioned inquiry, is a part pies. Every article of food is dressed in a pie; completed, and the sea continues for many of the old church which escaped the fire. In whence it has become a proverb, that the hours to present a moving picture of the most the church is the following curious notice of devil will not come into Cornwall for fear of animating description. Penzance is remarkable its having been burnt: The Spanger burnt being put into a pie.' In a season of scarcity, in history for having been entered and burnt this church in the year 1595. Most tourists the attorneys of the county having at the by the Spaniards in the year 1595. From time inform us that in this churchyard is to be seen quarter sessions very properly resolved to ab- immemorial a prediction had prevailed, that a the monumental stone with the epitaph of old stain from every kind of pastry, an allusion to period would arrive when some strangers Dolly Pentreath, so celebrated among an. the above proverb was very happily introduced should land on the rocks of Merlin, who should tiquaries as having been the last person who into an epigram extemporaneously delivered burn Paul's Church, Pensance, and Newlyn.' spoke the Cornish language. Such a mont. on the occasion, and which, from its point and of the actual accomplishment of this predic- ment, however, if it ever existed, is no longer humour, deserves to be recorded :
tion we receive a full account from Carew; to be found ; nor can any information be ob • If the proverb be true, that the fame of our ples from which it would appear, that on the 23d tained with regard to its probable locality. Her
Prevents us from falling to Satan a prey,
of July, 1595, about two hundred men landed epitaph is said to have been both in the Cornish In moving such obstacles out of the way.'
from a squadron of Spanish galleys on the coast and English language, viz. Among the curlous customs remaining in of Paul, and then to Mousehole itself. Findof Mousehole, when they set fire to the church
« Coth Dol Pentreath canz ha desw this remote and ancient quarter, the author ing little or no resistance, they proceeded to
Marir en bedans en Powl pleu ;
Na en an eglar ganna poble bras montions the following at Penzance. “ The most singular one is, perhaps, the Francis Godolphin endeavoured to inspire the Newlyn, t and from thence to Penzance. Sir
Bet en eglar hay coth Dolly es!'
Old Dol Pentreath, one hundred age and two, celebration of the Eve of Saint John the Bap- inhabitants with courage to repel these assail
Both born and in Paul parish buried toor tist, our town salnt, which falls on Midsum- ants; but so fascinated were they by the re
Not in the church, mongst people great and high,
But in the churchyard, doth old Dolly lie !" mer Eve; and that of the Eve of Saint Peter, the patron of fishermen. No sooner does the
Of St. Michael's Mount, one of the most • " The fifth day of the Eleusinian feast was called • " It is reasonable to advert to the summer solstice women ran about
with them in imitation of Ceres, who, uncelebrated in early history, we have a very
the day of the torches,' because at night the men and striking features of the Cornish coast, and not for this custom, although brought into the Christian having lighted a torch at the fire of Mount Etna, wan: interesting account; and regret we can only sacred fires kindled about midnight, on the moment of Proserpine. Hence may we not trace the high antiquity quote a slight portion of it. the solstice, by the great part of the ancient and modern of this species of popular rejoicing?"
“ On one of the angles of this tower is to be Soe Gebelin, and also Brand's Observations on Popular cast of beauty possessed by many of the fish-wongau re seen the carcass of a stone lantern, in which, siding in this yillage ?"
during the fishing season, and in dark texn
pestuous nights, it may reasonably be supposed (in ordinary, by letters patent, dated March 18, chancery, &c.' This work is adorned with that the monks, to whom the tithe of such | 1640; and having a lodging in the heralds' the heads of Sir John Clench, Sir Edward fishery belonged, kept a light as a guide to office, and convenient opportunities, he spent Coke, Sir Randolph Crew, Sir Robert Heath, sailors, and a safeguard to their own property: that year and part of the following in aug- Edward Earl of Clarendon, to whom it is this lantern is now vulgarly denominated St. menting his collections out of the records in dedicated, Sir Orlando Bridgman, Sir Joha Michael's Chair, since it will just admit one the Tower and other places. In 1641, through Vaughan, and Mr. Selden. His next work person to sit down in it: the attempt is not Sir Christopher Hatton's encouragement, he was the · Baronage of England,' of which the without danger ; for the chair, elevated above employed himself in taking exact draughts of first part appeared in 1676, and the second and the battlements, projects so far over the pre- all the monuments in Westminster Abbey, third in 1676. This has been censured as in. cipice, that the climber must actually turn the Saint Paul's Cathedral, and in many other correct and defective; but whatever might be whole body at that altitude in order to take a cathedral and parochial churches of England. its faults, it was 80 acceptable, that in the seat in it; notwithstanding the danger, how. In 1642 he was ordered by the king to repair year following its publication very few copies ever, it is often attempted : indeed, one of the to York; and in July was commanded to remained unsold. In May 1677, this diligent first questions generally put to a stranger, if attend the Earl of Northampton, who was and laborious antiquary was solemnly created married, after he has visited the Mount,- Did marching into Worcestershire and Warwick. garter principal king at arms; and, on the you sit in the chair ?--for there is a conceit, shire, to oppose the forces raised by Lord day following, received from his majesty the that if a married woman has sufficient resolu- Brooke for the service of the parliament. He honour of knighthood. In 1681 he published tion to place herself in it, it will at once invest was with the king at the battle of Edge-Hill, A short view of the late troubles in England; her with all the regalia of petticoat govern- and afterwards at Oxford, where he continued briefly setting forth their rise, growth, and ment; and that if a married man sit in it, with his majesty till the surrender of that gar. tragical conclusion.' At the same time he he will thereby receive ample powers for the rison to the parliament in 1646. In 1642 he published "The ancient usage in bearing of management of his wife. This is probably a had been created M. A., and in 1644 made such ensigns of honour as are commonly called remnant of monkish fable, a supposed virtue Chester herald. During his long residence Arms, &c. :' and the last work that he pub. conferred by some saint, perhaps a legacy of at Oxford he applied himself to the search of lished was, in 1685, “A perfect copy of all St. Keyne, for the same virtue is attributed to such antiquities, in the Bodleian and other summons of the Nobility to the great Councils her well.
libraries, as he thought might conduce to the and Parliaments of this Realm, from the 49th The person of that man or wife
furtherance of the Monasticon,' at that time of King Henry III. until these present times, Whose chance or choice attains First of this sacred stream to drink,
designed by him and Roger Dodsworth; as &c.' He wrote, indeed, some other pieces Thereby the mastery gains.''
also to collect whatever might relate to the relating to the same subjects, which were We find so much respecting the mines, the history of the ancient nobility of this realm, never published ; and was, likewise, the chief pilchard fisheries, and other topics of general to be made use of in his · Baronage.' After promoter of the Saxon Dictionary by Mr. Wil. curiosity, that, though only a small volume, the surrender of Oxford upon articles, Dug- liam Somner, printed at Oxford in 1659. His we must devote another paper to Dr. Paris's dale, having the benefit of them, and having collections of materials for the “ Antiquities of labour.
compounded for his estate, repaired to London, Warwickshire' and the · Baronage of England,' where he and Dodsworth proceeded vigorously all written with his own hand, contained in
in completing their collections out of the Tower | twenty-seven volumes in folio, he gave by will Graphic Illustrations of Warwickshire, accom- records and Cottonian library, and published, to the University of Oxford, together with six,
panied by Historical and Descriptive Notices at their own charge, the first volume of “ Mo- teen other volumes, which are now preserved Parts I. II. III. and IV.
nasticon Anglicanum,' adorned with views of in Ashmole's Museum. He gave, likewise, Birmingham, 1827, Beilby, Knott, and Beil
abbeys, churches, &c.: the second volume was several books to the heralds' office, in London, by; London, W. B. Cooke.
published in 1861, and the third in 1673. In and procured many more for their library. In This is a valuable and beautiful publication. the mean time, Dugdale printed, at his own a short time after his last publication had made The four Parts which we have already seen charge, and published in 1656, “ The Antiqui. its appearance, this illustrious man closed his form the half of the intended work. If it ties of Warwickshire Illustrated, from records, long and useful mortal career. He died in his were only that
leiger-books, manuscripts, charters, evidences, chair, at Blithe Hall, on the 10th of February, " The lad of all lads was a Warwickshire lad," tombs, and arms; beautified with maps, pro- 1686, in his 81st year, and was interred at that would be a sufficient cause for especially spects, and portraitures. The author men- Shustoke, in a little vault which he had caused endearing the county of Warwick to every tions, in his preface, that he had spent the to be made in the church. Over that vault he Englishman; but, as the able writer of the greatest part of his time, for more than twenty had erected, in his life-time, an altar-tomb of Historical and Descriptive Notices justly ob- years, in accomplishing this work, which, in- free-stone, with an epitaph of his own writing." serves, Warwickshire is also “a county rich deed, is allowed to be one of the best me. Of the first four Parts of these Graphic Ilus. in noble monuments of feudal and ancient ar- thodised and most accurate
ever trations it is impossible to speak too highly. chitecture, and abounding with scenes of deep written of this nature, and to stand at the They contain sixteen plates (sixteen remaining and imperishable interest.”
head of all the county histories that have been to be published), which do infinite credit to the The various topographical details are co- given to the public. While this work was talents and taste of Mr. W. Radclyffe, by whom pious, and we have no doubt correct. As a printing, which occupied nearly a year and a they have been engraved, from drawings made specimen of the literary part of the work we half, Dugdale continued in London, for the expressly for the work by W. Westall, A.R. A., transcribe the account of the celebrated Dug- sake of correcting the press ; during which P. Dewint, J. V. Barber, and F. Mackenzie. dale, which is attached to the notice of Blithe time he had an opportunity of collecting ma- “ Warwick Castle," both from the river and Hall, his residence; now in the possession of his terials for another work, which he published from the outer court; “ Charlecote,” “ Stratdescendant, Dugdale Stratford Dugdale, Esq., in 1658, · The History of St. Paul's Cathe- ford upon Avon ;” and both views of “ Aston one of the members for the county.
dral, in London. Upon the restoration of Hall,” are pre-eminently beautiful..Without “ Sir William Dugdale, the only son of Charles II., Dugdale was, through the recom- meaning to depreciate the merits of fine landJohn Dugdale, of Shustoke, gent., was born mendation of Lord Chancellor Hyde, advanced scape composition, we must say, that there is a there September 12, 1605. He was placed at to the office of norroy king at arms; and in charm in the truth of representations of local the free school in Coventry, where he con. 1662 he published · The History of imbanking scenery, for the absence of which scarcely any tinued till he was fifteen. In 1623 he married ; and draining of divers fens and marshes, both other quality can compensate; and of that and on the death of his father in 1624, he took in foreign parts and in this kingdom, and of charm we were never more sensible than while up his residence on an estate which he pos- the improvement thereby; extracted from re- contemplating these delightful prints. sessed at Fillongley; but in the following year cords, manuscripts, and other authentic testihe purchased the manor of Blithe, in the monies: adorned with sundry maps, &c.? parish of Shustoke, and selling his estate at About the same time he completed the second
Dr. Granville's Travels in Russia. Fillongley, he removed to Blithe Hall, devot. volume of Sir Henry Spelman's · Councils ;'
Mr. Rae Wilson's Travels, &c. ing the principal part of his time to the study and also the second part of that learned
[Fourth notice.] of antiquities. In 1638 he went to London, knight's Glossary.' În 1666 he published | The dearth of new publications at this period and was introduced to Sir Christopher Hatton Origines Juridiciales, or historical memoirs (and we do not recollect a worse crop) would and Sir Henry Spelman, through whose inter- of the English laws, courts of justice, forms be an excuse for our continuing this head of est he was created a pursuivant at arms extra- of trial, punishment in cases criminal
, law. our discourse even longer than we intend to ordinary, by the name of Blanch Lyon. He writers, law-books, grants and settlements of continue it; but when it is recollected that was afterwards made rouge-crois pursuivant estates, degree of sergeants, inns of court, I these are two separate works, and four thick
volumes, it will be conceded to us that we are grand-duke in the principles of the art of go- Empress Alexandra Feodorowna, then Princess 110t spinning so long a yarn as at first sight vernment and of practical science; and the Charlotta of Prussia, daughter of Frederic Wil. appears. The following account of the impe- continuation of whose services Nicholas has liam the Third, and of the late queen, whose rial family, by Dr. G., is, at all events, well since secnred to himself, as emperor, by placing name is highly revered in her own country, and entitled to selection, since on the personal cha- him in his private chancellerie in the situation wherever virtue and an elevated mind are justly racter of the Emperor Nicholas more of human of state secretary. Too young at the time of valued. With the hallowed reputation of her happiness or misery depends, at this moment, the invasion of his country to take a prominent lamented mother, which preceded her to the than on the character of any living being. It part in that war of defence, which was soon country of her husband, the present empress is a fearful responsibility to hold such a station ; followed by another and the last campaign, carried thither her own name, already assoand it is most cheering to hear that the almost Nicholas has not had opportunities of acquiring ciated by the public voice with every noble despotic sovereign of such a country as Russia that degree of experience in warlike operations quality that can embellish the fair sex, and is, when so much depends upon it, a just, a which would be required of him were he in- more particularly one in so exalted a station. good, and a rational man.
tended for a mere military conqueror. But Nature, too, had been so lavish of her favours “ The education which the present Emperor the art and science of military operations, on the person of the empress, that it is imof Russia received in his youth-the example without which experience itself is frequently possible to imagine a more striking appearance, of an elder brother, whom all Europe recognised of no avail, he studied under very able masters or one which, with the handsome countenance as an upright prince_the experience of passing and veteran officers. In the year 1816, travel- of the late Queen of Prussia, and somewhat of events, added to information sought and ob- ling in foreign countries was deemed expedient that melancholy expression which marks the tained in foreign countries, while yet removed by the grand-duke, with a view to acquire upper part of the face of her royal father, from the throne--are so many guarantees of more enlarged notions respecting those nations unites to a stately majestic carriage so much the safety of that confidence which other sover which were acting the most conspicuous parts grace and dignity. Of the many portraits reigns have placed in him. V'ere it even only in Europe. Among these, Great Britain was which Mr. Dawe has painted of the empress, his character as an eminently dutiful and affec- selected as the country which offered a wider some of which (particularly the last, in her tionate son to a surviving parent, herself the field of observation to a prince desirous of in- gala-dress) possess great merit as pictures, I acknowledged pattern of every virtue, Nicholas formation. The grand-duke, therefore, visited think the palm is due to that which has been would still have the strongest claim to an im- England in November of that year : he landed beautifully engraved by Mr. Wright, and plicit belief. But that prince has other and at Dover, where he was received by the Rus- which represents her majesty sitting, playfully equally strong titles to the utmost reliance of sian ambassador and Colonel Ford, who com- entertaining her two eldest children, the hehis own subjects and that of foreign nations ; manded the engineers stationed in the town, reditary grand-duke, and the grand-duchess for both which reasons he may safely rest his and who accompanied the prince round the for- Maria. The artist seems to have seized in expectations of a full approbation of his conduct. tifications of the castle, on the heights, and this instance not only the lineaments of the Nicholas the First was thirty-two years of age through the subterraneous passages of that face, but those of the mind of his illustrious on the 7th of July last. He was born in the fortress. His first step on British ground was original. Of this most amiable princess the same year in which Catherine the Second closed marked by a proof of liberal disposition. The emperor is represented to be doatingly fond; her long and glorious reign, and did not there- noise of the cannon which had been firing to and with her he leads an extremely domesfore, like his more fortunate brothers Alexan- celebrate his arrival, according to form, had ticated life, although surrounded by all the der and Constantine, experience the influence frightened a horse that was standing in a cart cares of so vast an empire. He is frequently of that great mind in the care of his early edu- at a short distance from the shore. The ani- seen abroad with her, without any of that cation. Nature, however, had provided him mal ran the length of some streets, dragging attendant pomp and splendour which are perwith a mother who stood in less need than any its heavy load after it, when it fell down and haps necessary pageants with less popular soreigning princess of the counsels and assistance expired. The grand-duke was passing at the vereigns; and both are known to devote much of others to lead her child in the path of virtue. time; and learning, on inquiry, the nature of parental care to the education of the numerous At an early age he was placed under the guid- the accident which had deprived an industrious children with which their union has been ance of General Count Lamsdorif, an officer of man of a useful animal, insisted on compensat- blessed. Of these, five survive; namely, distinguished merit, who had served his sove. ing him with a sum of money far above his Alexander Nicholaevitch, the hereditary grandreign with great reputation, both in the field loss, of which, observed the prince, “ I am my, duke, born in 1818; Maria Nicholajevna, grand.. and as governor of Courland. The count had self the innocent cause.' The grand-duke duchess, born in 1819 ; Olga Nicholajevna, previously enjoyed a high degree of well-merited resided in St. Alban's House, in Stratford- grand-duchess, born in 1822 ; Alexandra Ni. confidence at court, as cuvalier de service, with place, where the Austrian archdukes had been cholajevna, grand-duchess, born in 1825; and, the Grand-duke Constantine, during a period staying a short time before. He was accom- lastly, Constantine Nicholaevitch, grand-duke, of ten years, and likewise as director of the panied by General Kutusoff, Baron Nicolay, who was born in September 1827, a few weeks first corps of cadets. He enjoyed the patronage now Russian ambassador at Copenhagen, Dr. before our arrival at St. Petersburgh. The of the present empress mother, then reigning now Sir William Crichton, and others. Royal hereditary grand-duke is placed under the empress ; and it was under her direction that carriages and footmen were placed at his dis- superintendence of General Ouschakoff, one of he conducted the education of the Grand-duke posal : he held levees, received the subjects of the aids-de-camp-general of the emperor, asNicholas, and that of his brother the Grand-his imperial brother, listened to the complaints, sisted by Colonel Mörder, and receives instrucduke Michael, from the time of the former of history, aud petitious of the supplicants amongst tions from Monsieur Joukovsky, one of the those two princes completing the fourth year of those Russiaus who happened to be in London most distinguished literary characters in Rushis age. No choice could have been more for- in need of assistance, and in all cases relieved sia. It is remarkable that the three grand
The qualities of the governor's heart them, either with money, or by providing, in duchesses have English nurses attached to their were precisely such as affectionate parents would concert with the ambassador, for their return establishment. The hereditary grand-duke is wish to see appreciated by their children; and to their native country. A frequent and mu- a very fine-looking child, strongly resembling those of his mind were strictly of that cast tual intercourse was kept up, during his resi- his father, high-spirited, and, it is said, of the which were required to direct the studies of his dence at St. Alban's House, between the royal most promising disposition. With such a deillustrious pupils, under the instructions of pro- family and himself. The grand-duke received mestic ménage as distinguishes the present per masters. The count is no more : he ter- visits from the prince regent and his royal imperial family of Russia, it is impossible not minated his long and honourable career, at the brothers, to whom he gave a grand entertain. to expect from the children every thing that is age of eighty-three, on the 4th of April last ; ment on board a Russian frigate, at Woolwich. flattering to the prospects of that country, and, and from his character, as portrayed in the He rode out a great deal_visited many of the we may add, of Europe; for the destinies court gazette, it is fair to conclude that the public establishments, frequently accompanied all nations must necessarily be more or less principles which he doubtless endeavoured to by the late Sir W. Congreve, than whom few interested in the question who is to wield instil into the bosom of his imperial pupil must people were better able to explain their nature the resources of that extensive empire. The have been consonant with those which marked and objects--mixed freely in society-and ac- hereditary grand-duke, who had been appointed his own conduct through life.
quired a high degree of popularity for his affa- colonel of a regiment of hussars from his earliest “ As Nicholas grew in years, preceptors for bility and polished manners. After a residence age, was named, during our stay in the capital, the higher branches of learning were selected of some weeks, he extended his visits to several ataman of all the Cossack troops ; on vaid from among the most eminent men of the parts of England and Scotland, endeavouring occasion the court gazette published the iba country, and it is but justice to make particu- to make himself master of those peculiarities perial rescript, addressed to General Konteinlar mention of one of them, Monsieur Balou- which distinguish this above all other nations. ikoff, commanding those forces. hiansky, who had the honour of instructing thel in the following year he married the present “ The prince is brought up, both in 3 do
mestic and military point of view, in the ceived, or the emperor attends to business in found that the drama was a theological and strictest discipline, and constantly under the his private cabinet with his own secretary; political essay in disguise. eyes of his parents, and the vigilant and in- but on fixed days, at eight o'clock, he orders telligent superintendence of the empress mo- a particular minister to bring his porte-feuille, Practical Lectures on the Historical Books of ther. He frequently walks or drives about and will remain with him till ten, going mea the Old Testament. By the Rev. H. Lindtown, attended by a companion of about his thodically through, and despatching an infinite say, M.A., Perpetual Curate of Wimbledon, own age, who is educated with him, and is the variety of business, so as to clear away every Surrey, 2 vols. 12mo. London, 1828. J. son of a general officer. I have more than sort of arrear, and make himself master of the Murray. once seen him in the severest weather dressed different subjects of each department. The These excellent sermons formed part of a in his simple uniform, accompanied by his strict observance of engagements which his series preached at Wimbledon, during six sumplaymate, driving a two-horse sledge, with majesty is known to expect on every occasion, mer months, to congregations consisting prinnone of the fur trappings which other people tends materially to facilitate every operation, cipally of respectable tradesmen—the labouring deem it necessary to wear as a protection and serves as a lesson to his subjects, that, classes and domestic servants. They are of against a cold of several degrees below the without punctuality in all the affairs and the most practical and useful character, and freezing point, blooming with health, and full transactions of life, talent, rank, nay even a are well calculated to interest the minds of of gaiety, receiving with a pleasing smile the high character, are rendered useless to society. every class, whether of hearers or readers; and salutations and marks of respect which, when The imperial family retires early to rest. I we earnestly recommend these volumes to the recognised during the rapidity of his course, have known some distinguished persons, who general public. every class of persons seem delighted in paying have had the honour of being invited to the A Volume of Sermons. By the Rev. C. B. to their future emperor.
presence of the emperor and empress in the “ Nor is the individual conduct of the em- evening, come away at ten o'clock, the hour
Taylor, M.A. 12mo. pp. 272. London, peror himself without its good effect on the at which it was understood that their majesties Well meriting a like rank among the pious
1828. Hessey minds of his people. His application to busi- retired for the night. How else, indeed, could labours of the ministry, is this simple, but ness is most regular. The affairs of the state any human frame support, for any length of admirable volume. Directed to instruct and alone seem to engross his attention; and it is time, the toils, cares, and anxieties, which improve even the most ignorant ; while it resaid that he seldom gives an hour to pleasure commence with these exalted persons at sun. fects lustre on the Christian motives of its which might have been better devoted to the rise, and continue all day without intermis- amiable author, it at the same time does honour welfare of his subjects. He rises early, and sion? Not satisfied with the ordinary routine to his talents. Mr. Taylor's abilities, as a spends some time in transacting military mat- of affairs, Nicholas, who seems to be the most moral, persuasive, and delightful writer, are ters. Part of this consists in receiving, as I indefatigable and active sovereign now reign- too well known to require a comment. before stated, Count Diebitch, the chief of the ing, and whose occupations are generally of a état-major, who daily waits on his majesty serious nature, having the good and happiness Horæ Religiose ; or, Daily Approaches to God, from seven o'clock till nine, and reports the of his people in view, has traced out to himself in a Series of Prayers, Meditations, and state of the army during the preceding day, other tasks and other duties. One of the ad- Hymns. London, 1828. Tilt. and receives his majesty's commands. After ditional burdens which he has voluntarily im- A VERY small but very beautiful and well. breakfast he either attends the council, or re-posed on himself, is that of looking over the selected book of devotion, to which our most ceives his ministers daily; each of whom has reports and returns of every arrest and impri- eminent divines and moralists contribute in his appointed days and hours for waiting on sonment that takes place in his empire, as well various ways. A portrait of Bishop Bloomfield the emperor. He has on some occasions at- as of the state of the prisons, according to a and an appropriate vignette adorn it, and it is tended the senate ; and it was reported, while formula which he has himself prescribed, and altogether a manual of excellent tendency. we were at St. Petersburgh, that having heard ordered to be filled up and regularly forwarded that the senators had been in the habit of to him in a direct manner. In these returns, Castle's Manual of Surgery. 12mo. pp. 334. assembling very late, - a practice which caused the name of each prisoner or individual ara London, 1828. Cox and Son. considerable delay in public business,--his ma- rested, the nature of the crime, and the length The name of every disease that can make a jesty called early one day at the house of the of time during which he has been imprisoned, man wretched, and the usual ways in which senate, and finding none of its members as either before or after trial, must be accurately they are treated, are to be found in this useful sembled, simply desired it to be made known entered. Judging from this information, his little volume. We turned its pages over, to to them, that the emperor had attended to majesty has frequently given orders for bring- see if we knew enough of any of the subjects transact business at such an hour. From that ing persons to a speedy trial who had been long to be able to speak to its general character ; time the senators took care to be at their post in prison, and others to be released who ap- but even the “ treatment of stumps". was, we with greater punctuality. At one o'clock he peared to have suffered long, or to have been found, too much for our pen. All we can say, generally attends the parade.
too severely punished. In some cases, he has therefore, is, that we hear a good report of the “ After the parade his majesty generally re-ordered the sentence either to be revoked, or Manual
medical students. turns home, and if there are to be any private its severity mitigated, in consequence of cer: A Manual of the Anatomy, Physiology, and presentations to him, it is before his dinner tain extenuating circumstances which appeared that they take place; otherwise he either waiks on the face of the information contained in the
Diseases of the Eye and its Appendages. or rides out alone, or accompanied by the em- statement. It is not necessary to remark hory
By S. I. Stratford, Member of the College press. He is very fond of riding on horseback, much good, in a country like Russia, as yet
of Surgeons, &c. &c. 8vo. pp. 199. Long
man and Co. but he also frequently goes out with his con- deprived of the great blessing of a uniform, sort in a French cabriolet, which he drives inviolable, and intelligible code of criminal We consider this to be a very excellent, prachimself
. I have likewise seen him walking laws, so praiseworthy an undertaking on the cical, and useful treatise, which well deserves up and down that magnificent quay on the part of an all-powerful monarch must pro- to be consulted wherever that delicate and im. Neva, called the Engliski Line, either alone or duce.”
is affected. accompanied by some minister or general of. The empress mother is described as a model The Pleasures of Ornithology: a Poem. By ficer; and I understand, that in fair weather, of benevolence and goodness: her whole life
James Jennings, Author of " Ornithologia. and when the empress is in good health, her seems to be actively devoted to the great ob
12ino. pp. 46. London, Poole and Edwards. majesty often accompanies him on these ex-jects of humanity and charity; and all the We lauded the author's Ornithologia ; but we cursions. On such occasions it is the etiquette philanthropic institutions, as well as those for think the present is carrying the matter rather on the part of persons who meet them to encouraging industry and the arts, in St. Pe too far. The greatest Pleasures of Ornithology, stand still until they have passed, pulling their tersburgh, feel the cherishing effects of her zeal at this time, are to be found in dissecting hats off, when the emperor invariably returns and influence.
Michaelmas geese, grouse, partridges, chickens, the salutation à la militaire, by putting the
(To be continued.) back of the hand up to his hat.
and pigeons, -as for a semi-scientific, semiWith all
sentimental poem about them, it is a melanpersons who are known to him, he will occa
choly absurdity, without one merry thought. sionally stop and converse with great affability King James the Second: a dramatic Poem. Yet there is some fun in it--witness the dediand without reserve. The dinner-hour is be
By John Crauford Whitehead, M.D. 8vo.
cation. tween three and four o'clock; after which his pp. 151. London: Smith, Elder, and Co.
« To her who, midst the world's vicissitudes majesty spends part of the day with his family A less dramatic subject than James the Se- Of good, of ill, of pleasure, and of pain, and children. The evening brings its own cond we could scarcely have imagined; but on
Hath ever boldly stood, like steadfast rock,
Amid the strife of ocean ;-her who still, labours and occupations, Ministers are re- \ reference to Dr. Whitehead's production, we Through years of varied fortune, stiti unchanged,
SIGHTS OF BOOKS.