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therefore, that they “ upon the adverse fac- for the privales.' Yes, sir, I do,' was the tival entertainments. Not, however, deterred tion" should accuse him, which they do, of stern reply; it is discipline makes the scholar by the evident displeasure with which his queswishing to misrepresent Dr. Parr as a secret -it is discipline makes the soldier—it is dis- tions were received, or rather repulsed, he still convert to Unitarianism, at the expense of his cipline makes the gentleman—and the want of persisted ; and, among other inquiries, pressed, sincerity.* They assert, on the contrary, that discipline has made you what you are.' To with peculiar earnestness, for an answer to the the doctor was perfectly tolerant, and that another ycung man, by whom he had been following: Whether Mahomet had ever seen though he did not agree (as is very evident) much annoyed, he said.- Sir, your tongue the Christian Scriptures ?' 'Sir,' answered with the tenets of established orthodoxy in the goes to work before your brain ; and when Dr. Parr, coldly and tauntingly, I have not Church of England, yet that he was a sound your brain does work, it generates nothing but the pleasure of Mahomet's acquaintance.' member, and untinctured with Unitarian apos- error and absurdity.' To a third, who was But,' resumed the querist, ‘Dr. Parr, do you tacy.
one of bold and forward, but ill-supported, think that Mahomet had seen only a false gos. " Who shall decide when doctors disagree?" pretensions, he said.- B.-, you have read pel, and the epistle falsely ascribed to Bar. Non nostrúm tantas componere liles !
little—thought less--and know nothing.' It nabas ?' 'Sir, I have not the honour of know. The second volume of Mr. Field, to which is happened in a large company that the question ing. Mr. Barnabas either,' replied Dr. Parr, prefixed another portrait of Parr with a round was proposed to him, and urgently pressed with increased sternness of accent and manner. nose, the first Volume exhibiting a square upon him, why he had not published more?-But, nothing daunted even by this rebuff, the one, devotes its early pages to party feel or something more worthy of his fame? The young inquisitive returned once more to the ings and portraits, eulogies upon every body of expressions of surprise and regret which went charge :- Excuse me, Dr. Parr ; but let me the same political creed, and abuse of every round the company, he bore with perfect good ask you, do you think that Mahomet had ever thing, as well as person, opposed to that creed. humour ; till at length a young scholar, jest- seen a true gospel or not?' • Sir,' answered It is a melancholy picture of the engrossing ingly perhaps, but somewhat pertly, called to Dr. Parr, greatly irritated, “ if you will draw power of faction (we care not on which side), him-Suppose, Dr. Parr, you and I were to my teeth, why then, to save my dinner, I must which blinds us to the merits of those who write a book together Young man,' he re- say that I think. Mahomet had never seen a happen to differ from us in opinion, and weds plied, if all were to be written in that book true gospel.' • And pray,' said Mr. C., who us even to the vices of those with whom we which I do know, and which you do not know, had been looking on, watching, perhaps with a happen to agree. It was the misfortune of it would be a very large book indeed !'. Even little spiteful pleasure, the old lion vexed and Parr's life to be a violent partisan. But we ladies were not spared who incurred his dis- chased by the teazing buzz of the insect, calling will pass from the subject to offer a few spe-pleasure, either by pertinacious adherence to out from the corner of the table where he sat cimens of his conversational powers, as they the wrong in opinion, or by deficiency of atten- And pray, Dr. Parr, did you ever see a true are adduced by his biographer.
tion to the right and the amiable in conduct. gospel ? Unprepared for this new and sudden “He was insisting upon the importance of To one who had violated, as he thought, some attack, Dr. Parr seemed for a moment condiscipline, established on a wise system, and of the little rules of propriety, he said founded ; and the attention of the whole com. en forced with a steady hand, in schools, in Madam, your father was a gentleman, and I pany was anxiously directed towards him. But colleges, in the navy, in the army,--when he thought that his daughter might have been a soon recovering himself, and rising from his was suddenly and somewhat rudely interrupted lady.' To another, who had held out in argu- seat, with an imposing air of dignity, and with by a young officer, who had just received his ment against him, not very powerfully, and a commanding voice of authority, he spoke commission, and was not a little proud of his rather too perseveringly, and who had closed thus:--- H. C., if you had ever seen a true blushing honours. • What, sir,' said he, do the debate by saying, 'Well ! Dr. Parr, I still gospel, you could not have understood the you mean to apply that word discipline to the maintain my opinion ;' he replied · Madam, learned language in which it is written; and officers of the army? It may be well enough you may, if you please, retain your opinion, if you had seen that true gospel, and could
but you cannot maintain it.' To another, who have understood that learned language, you Apollonius was, is an enigma we cannot solve! Was it had also ventured to oppose him with more could not have comprehended the sublime cha. the poet of Rhodes? or was there a partisan of Herod of warmth of temper than cogency of reasoning, racter it delineates, or the pure morals it incul.
• The following may be quoted as an instance, and also and who afterwards apologised for herself, by cates ; and if you could have read that true as an example of Mr. Field's manuer. "Though he de saying, that it is the privilege of women to gospel, and comprehended that sublime characlighted most in the easy, careless flow of unrestrained con. talk nonsense.' 'No, madam,' replied Dr. ter, and those pure morals ; yet, to shelter form of a set harangue, extended to considerable length,
Parr, it is not their privilege, but their your own bad propensities and habits, you and delivered with oratorical effect. of this an instance infirmity. Ducks would walk if they could; would have struggled hard to prove the cha. occurs to the writer's recollection. Ile was dining some but nature suffers them only to waddle.'" racter a fiction, and the morals a falsehood!' years ago at Hatton, in company with several clergymen; and among them was an Irish dignitary, who talked long
We fancy few people will coincide in think. It scarcely need be added, that all present were and Joudly of our excellent church," of our venerable ing these speeches very praiseworthy; for our struck with mingled awe and admiration ; the establishment, in whose fair face, it should seem, he could selves, we look upon them to be instances of bold assailant was abashed, and sunk into discover • neither spot, nor wrinkle, nor any such thing.' Having suffered him to run the whole length of his line, bad temper, bad manpers, and over-bearing, silence, from which, during the evening, he with no other interruption but a smile, now and then, of or rather bearish, rudeness, which would hardly could not recover ; and after indulging in his pity, or a frown, sometiines, of displensure, Dr. Parr rose be tolerated in polite society, or at all, except usual deep potations, he was carried off senseat length from his seat; ani, after putting in clouds for a moment or two, laid down his pipe: then resting one arm where one man was exalted into Sir Oracle, less to his bed. The following avecdote is told on the table, and entorcing all he said by the ponderous in whose presence no dog should bark. Who by one of Dr. Parr's pupils :-Offlippancy of
, declamation on the state of the
church, painting in glaring that ever inet in company on an equal footing, remark on religious subjects he was highly im. colours the grievances under which it was sick, though, and were not sycophantic satellites of a social patient. He once, in my hearing, rebuked he hoped, not dying ;' especially in the unequal distribu. unsocial Ursa Major, could have borne the be- Mr. F-, a barrister, in good set terms. tion of its revenues--in the mysiicism of some parts of its creed-in the absurdity of some of its articles-- in the serhaviour here described ?
This gentleman had somewhat inconsiderately vile spirit, too prevalent both among its higher and lower ciergy, and in their obstinate resistance to the most rea: tew days with an old pupil, an eminent barris- had put the seal of authenticity on the books of
“ Some years ago, Dr. Parr was passing a observed, that it was human authority which sonable and desirablo improveinents. Ile insisted that the church was fast losing ground, both in the estcem ofter, at his house in Staffordshire, when it bap. Scriptures ; and that the councils of Trent and the more reflecting part, and in the affections of the great pened that another visiting inmate was the Nice had decided which were apocryphal and body of the community. Unitarians, said he, multi-celebrated II. C. esq. a brother barrister. One which were not so. ply and calmly persevere. Mcthodists inultiply, and rage,
Dr. Parr, with some disti. and swagger. High churchmen hate both and abuse both day, a large company were invited to dinner, culty, heard him to the end of his sentence; and deny the necessity of reforining themselves. The consisting, amongst others, of several peigh- when, after a most ominous puff from his pipe, church is in danger. I own it,' said he, but let them look to it who have brought it on, and who will not adopt bouring clergymen, of whom one was fresh he addressed him nearly in these words : Mr. the only method for siving us.' Reform, cried he, from college, just initiated into holy orders, Frith, or Mr. Forth, or Mr. Froth-excuse me roaring out with a voice that literally thendered, and and strangely ignorant, or strangely forgetful, if I forget your name I have not the bonour
which seemed to defy all tion-reform! I say, is the ovly safety for our church of the little proprieties which regulate social of your acquaintance; and the specimen you As sure as the uprooted tree must bend, or the tower intercourse, at least in the higher circles. This brve just given of your theological knowledge undermined must bow, so surely our church must fall, unless it be refired in the good opinion of the people young ecclesiastic, whether conceitedly, for the di es not make me highly ambitious of it. Sır
, I give you your choice-reforin, or ruin ?
-d mark view of gaining information, proposed to Dr. from correct chronology in your remark, as you Then turning to the reverend dignitary, Sir, saiahe, purpose of display, or unsensonably, if with a give me leave to tell you, that you are as far my words, within twenty years, that chcice, whichever it be, must take effect. He concluded with giving as a Parr question after question, on subjects of are from right reasoning. These two council, toast, the Church of England and Ireland ! may it be theology, much to the offence of the great which sat at widely remote periods of time, had delivered from all its enemies, and froin undistinguishing divine, who exceedingly disliked the introduc- nothing to do with the distinction of books, as admirers and extravagant encomiasis-cf all its enemics, |tion of such topics in mixed companies, at fess at present received into our church. It arcsa
from the consent of the early Christians, and help detracting from the highest living pame man asserting that the queen was not charged is built upon the authority of the ancient fa- that Scotland could boast, and merely, it should with a state crime the charge being high trea. thers. You have given an opinion upon a seem, because its owner was a Tory. This is son ;-—that it crumbled into dust at the first subject which you ought not to have ap- very paltry, and would be the same were a touch of examination ;-and, lastly, that the proached ; and have betrayed ignorance with. Tory to shew a like want of just estimation whole population rose (against whom, then ?) in out modesty, and pedantry without learning. towards a Whig—for it is the principle and ber defence; and, nevertheless, that they rose in Leave these matters to maturer knowledge and the fact, and not the difference of politics, that an unequal strife against more powerful op. sounder understandings. This advice I ho- makes the distinction contemptible.
pressors than the whole population of Great nestly give you. In the words of Lucretius I “ He was (says Mr. Field) once or twice in Britain !!! To us this seems to be egregious will enforce it :
the company of an author of greater and more nonsense; and earnestly do we hope that the Ne mea dona, tibl studio disposta fidell,
extended celebrity, perhaps, than any other of memory of this misguided and unfortunate Intellecta priusquam sint, contempta relinquas." his time; whose diversified talents have been lady will have abler defenders than the rev. We may subjoin the following by way of a displayed in the various departments of poetry, author, whose posthumous services appear to heavy variety. No wonder the doctor disliked biography, history, criticism, and works of fic- be of about as much value as those rendered to punning, if his attempts were always as blank! Ition. This, the reader need not be told, is Sir lier while living by his friend Dr. Parr.
“Of all species of wit, punning was one Walter Scott ; whose conversation, however, which Dr. Þarr disliked, and in which he it was noticed, that Dr. Parr rather avoided Mexican Illustrations, founded upon Facts ; seldom indulged ; and yet some instances of it than solicited. He conceived, whether justly
indicative of the present Condition of Society, have been related. Reaching a book from a or unjustly, that the literary Hercules had high shelf in his library, two other books came proved himself, on certain occasions, a political
&c. &c. By Mark Beaufoy, late of the Colda
stream Guards. 8vo. pp.310. London, 1828. tumbling down ; of which one, a critical work Proteus: and the slightest deviation from pub
Carpenter and Son. of Lambert Bos, fell upon the other, which was lic principle was with him an offence not easily a volume of Hume. See !' said he, what forgiven. This suspicion of the public man, ILLUSTRATIONS “ founded on facts !" what has happened—procumbit humi bos.' 'On an- no doubt, influenced the opinion which he al else could they be founded upon 2 gravelled us other occasion, sitting in his room, suffering ways avowed of the author. He thought that at the title-page of this book, and we turned under the effects of a slight cold, when too his fame was more brilliant than solid or last. over the leaf to the dedication. Here, again, strong a current was let in upon him, he cried ing.
“ As a critic or a biographer, who,' said we were startled; for the work is inscribed to out, " Stop, stop! that is too much. I am at Dr. Parr, · will attempt to carry up his claims the Duke of Cambridge and the Coldstream present only Par levibus ventis. At another very high ?'_His reputation must, then, Guards, because the author “ believes the protime, a gentleman having asked him to sub. continued he, depend chiefly upon his poems
fession of killing without murder to be the scribe to Dr. Busby's translation of Lucretius, and his novels.'— But is not his poetry even
most satisfactory, &c. mode of attaining rank he declined to do so, saying it would cost too now,' added he, almost forgotten? And does and fortune”!! There is no accounting for much money ; it would indeed be ' Lucretius not their fading popularity threaten the same tastes; but we should have thought there were fate to his novels ?',
a few still more satisfactory modes of thriving It may be imagined that we have made Yet will he shine in the roll of fame, when in the world than by any way of killing: prethese selections invidiously: on the contrary, the learne Doctor and all his learned biogra- serving, saving, benefiting, improving our fel. they are the best bits of the book which we phers shall be covered in oblivion. Waverley will low-creatures, for example; rendering, men could pick out for the amusement of our read outlast the Spital Sermon; the Lady of the happy, rather than knocking out their brains ers. If we wanted to display the trivial and Lake please, when Bellendenus de statu bas with the but-ends of muskets ; dispensing the objectionable, we would quote such as the sunk into its pristine insignificance ; and the enjoyments, and reading the blessing in å following passages. " Early in 1819. De. Parr formed the pro- with admiration and delight, when Philopatris bereaved parents, and widows, and orphans ! author of Tales of a Grandfather be viewed nation's eyes, rather than slaughtering tens
of thousands, and witnessing the mourning of ject of a tour through the northern counties Varvicensis shall be a forgotten name. of England, and the southern counties of Scot- Field, however, appears to have coincided too But Mr. Beaufoy, is of another mind, and we land, from which he anticipated much pleasure; warmly in these opinions of Dr. P. to have dare say sings with great gusto and which proved to him the source of many felt much disapprobation of the equally puerile
“What a glorious thing's a battle!
Then the cries of wounded flying! agreeable reflections through the remaining and unjust perversion into which they betrayed
Then the groans of soldiers dying ! years of life. Thus, in arranging his plans, him. He panegyrises the Doctor's adhesion What a glorious thing's a battle!" he writes for information to his friend, Mr. to Queen Caroline, in terms so glowing that Hoping for better in the preface, we proceeded Parkes : Dear Sir,-If it be practicable, I they come to be absolute nonsense.
to that ; but once more we were repelled from shall go from Carlisle into Scotland. Will you “ The year 1820 (says he) unfolds a dark and the volume, by an intimation of the writer in favour me with an account of the distances from distressing page in Ènglish history, from which these words :--" That many of the anecdotes Carlisle to Glasgow, and from Glasgow to Edin. every reader who honours his king and loves his related are indelicate, I am unwillingly obliged burgh? . Note, if you please, the intermediate country, would gladly turn away, with an ardent to admit ; but when a man attempts to delinestage ; and add the names of the second or third wish that it could be blotted out, as a tale of ate a beast, he must be careful not to substitute best inns. I never go to hotels, or grand houses falsehood or fiction, for ever. This is the · Hyperion for a satyr.'' of entertainment. Be so good as to write at amazing and melancholy story of Queen Caro. Stumbling thus on the first three steps of the your leisure, fully, on a large sheet of paper. line, wife of George IV., of whom posterity threshold, it is very natural to suppose that we Ít may be the last journey I shall ever take; will be astonished to read in British annals, were in no hurry to advance farther into this and certainly it is the longest I ever did under that, though a sovereign princess, and the work, which will account for its having been take. Yours, very truly, s. Parr."" royal consort of England, she was brought to laid aside by us from the hour of its publication
The whole of this tour is an example of similar public trial, by the demand, not of the people, till now. On perusing it, however, though wo weakness in attaching consequence to trifles. but of the court; and that on the charge, not certainly observe some passages which stand In Edinburgh the doctor was feted, and “ he of a state crime, but of a civil or moral offence, much in need of the apology offered by the seemed to entertain a higher opinion, if pos- which, if committed at all, was committed author, and which it is astonishing he should sible, than before, of the literary men who so under circumstances usually regarded as excul. have retained to impeach his judgment, being well supported in their time the honour re- patory in the courts of English judicature. obviously aware of their impropriety; yet it is Alected on their country, by the fame of David More astonished still will posterity be, as they but candid to say, that we have met with no. Hume, Robertson, Adam Smith, John Hume, read on, to learn that even this charge, on the thing so offensive as to banish the Illustrations Black, Blair, and others. He often spoke with very first touch of examination, crumbled into from the circle of general readers. The objec. admiration of their great intellectual powers, dust.
tionable parts are rather disagreeable, from or, as he expressed it, their confounded strong “ The whole population seemed to rise as describing too plainly nasty babits and appearheads.?” No man who has witnessed a fair one man, hastening to mingle in the unequal ances (see page 40, &c.); but we are not aware symposium with “the mountain dew" could strife ; hurling defiance against the ministerial of any indecency, or of any expressions unbe.. say less. But even here “ the Birmingham oppressors, and throwing the shield of their coming in a gentleman to pen. Perhaps a mora doctor,” as he was scornfully called by one of protection round the oppressed.”
decided fault in the narrative is, the tone of his adversaries, carried his strong party pre- Now, we are not about to rip up this un- supercilious censure with which the author dilections along with him. He not only ad- happy controversy again, nor to express the treats almost every subject and porson. Cal. mired Jeffrey, Malcolm Laing, and other able least judgment one way or other upon it, but ing the justly celebrated traveller Humboldt as well as inferior Whigs, but he could not merely wish to point out the rank folly of any.“ Baron Humbug,” is poor wit; and if tha
Baron has been wrong in some of his state- | and children, have been crowding round to envelopes all but their face: a long cape hangs ments, it is still equally poor argument. Mr. listen to a musical snuff-box I used to produce from each arm, which the riders hold before Bullock is spoken of with little more respect ; in the hot country, things might have been their eyes when they dash through a thicket; and every thing Mexican is despised in the high-easily stolen without my knowing it, if the but I once saw two savage-looking fellows, est style of John-Bullism. Indeed, Mr. Beau. people had been so inclined.”
who were galloping fearlessly in every direcfoy seems to have been too delicate in his appe- The subjoined are further and characteristic tion, although completely naked. , tites for a rough wayfarer in foreign and half-traits.
“A good saddle-horse, for the cities or tracivilised lands. He missed the cuisine of the “ Huts are almost always guarded by a dozen velling, is taught what they term the páso; Coldstream at Zacual-pan, in spite of its pro- curs; as, though the natives will not hesitate which is effected by striking the inside of the mising termination : St. James's Street had to stab a Christian, they will by no means kill knees of the animal when exercising, until it exported none of its refinements to Tlalpuxa- a dog : the brutes will run out a long distance attains a pace between the trot and the canter; hua. Thus he tells us of his eating tortillas : to bite your horses' heels; but if you turn and a sort of waddle ridiculous enough to look at, “I rather liked these tortillas when toasted shew symptoms of fight, they will sneak back but extremely easy and agreeable to the rider. crisp ; but as I knew the way in which they as quickly as they advanced. One of the fa- Journeys of twenty miles a-day, for weeks towere patted by hands not always delicately vourite habits of the great mass of the commu- gether, may thus be accomplished without faclean, I took care not to eat the two or three nity in Mexico, not only in the hot country tigue.'' top cakes of a series.”
where the sun overpowers the inhabitants with Besides sketches of the foregoing kind, there We are afraid that a similar intimate ac- lassitude, but also in the mountainous regions is some mining information, some antiquarian quaintance with the very best cookery at home where the thermometer often sinks below the investigations, and a number of cuts which would not improve our relish for the most re. freezing point, is killing the vermin in each contribute much to the interest of the work : cherché dishes : it is not amiss, therefore, in other's hair. Towards sunset not a hut is to so that, notwithstanding what we have noticed England or in Mexico, to enjoy such matters be found where this employment is not going unfavourable to it, we must own that is lively as you find good, savoury, -piquant, and palat- forward. The men are seen extended on the and amusing. able, asking no questions for conscience sake.ground, with their heads on the knees of the “ The manner” (continues the author, in rather women, who with infinite dexterity catch the Duke of Rovigo's Memoirs. Vol. III. a whimsical fashion of deterioration)_ “ the disagreeable intruders ; taking especial care,
(Second paper.] manner in which the Creoles receive each other however, to kill only a certain number daily, This volume comes down to the period when and strangers, is with an overpowering polite- that the recreation may never fail : the lords the allies pressed on Paris, and it was resolved ness, which they scarcely even pretend possesses of the creation will then cleanse the hair of that the Empress and King of Rome should fly a single spark of sincerity: they embrace on their wives and children in the same manner. for safety. It is, as we have already meneach side, throwing the arms round the neck On Saturdays many of the women and girls tioned, full of remarkable relations, which, and shoulder first one way and then the other, from the villages go down to the rivulets, and however distorted by the writer, cannot fail goodnaturedly striking the back with the open stripping themselves naked, except a very short to excite a lively interest, and throw a vivid palm: they place every thing they have at the petticoat, sometimes commence washing their light upon the transactions to which they aldisposal of the new comer, wishing he may live garments, their long black hair, and parts of lude. The rascality of the police under Savary a thousand years; but unhappy is the indis- their person : the passing and repassing of is divulged in style of ludicrous simplicity, creet person who takes them at their word.” workmen or others causes not the slightest something resembling the chuekling sincerity As we never met with any body who had interruption in the scene.
with which a trickster, after he has gained been indiscreet enough to take a compliment of “ To a foreigner, the confusion of sounds his aim, tells how he has swindled you into your this sort in earnest, and live a thousand years, between the x and the j, the band the v, the losing bet or bad hargain. The intrigues put us we are not prepared to contradict the author as n and the g, pronounced with a cigar in the strongly in mind of some of the horse-cases to the unhappiness of the result. We will mouth, is perplexing to a degree; but the an- tried in our courts of law, where the lowest make some inquiries, however, as the point is noyance occasioned by those incessant phrases practices, the basest lies, and the most un. interesting on the score of longevities, and trust poco a poco,' and quien sabe,' is quite in- blushing effrontery, adorn the heroes of the to be able to speak more definitely in our Re- tolerable. The first is an excuse for every cause, who swear, point blank too, to the most view of Mr. Beaufoy's second edition. The kind of idleness ; that it is too hot or too cold, direct contradictions and diametrically opposite following may meanwhile be read as a sample the wind is too high or too slight, it is time for statements. M. Savary would have been a prince of his sweeping censures.
dinner, time for a (siesta) nap, that to-morrow of a horse-dealer ! But we will not detain our “ The descendants of the Spaniards in Mex- will do just as welì. The other means every readers with much more of his business in the ico pay not the slightest attention to veracity. thing; the precise interpretation depends on police way than we have already quoted; our They do not understand the meaning of word the way in which it is drawled out. It is the remaining selections shall rather refer to higher of honour,' but interpret it into words of con- French shrug, the English knowing wink, the affairs affairs of government, of monarchs, of venience. In every transaction they will cheat sign of ignorance, of indifference, of doubt. revolutions; and assuredly some of these are you if possible ; making no scruple to deny A man, I will undertake to say, might travel passing strange. Savary, among other ex. promises, contracts, loans, or debts. The law. throughout the Republic, visiting every person ploits, arrested an officer belonging to the yers are there quite a different sort of persons and place worth his attention, without know- Prince of Orange, at the time a match befrom the respectable portion of the professioning another word of Spanish than poco à poco, tween him and the English Princess Char. in England. Confidential queries and acknow- quien sabe, usted, and si ;* and that, provided lotte was in contemplation ; and, from rifling ledgments to a legal adviser in Mexico are the he had a constant supply of cigars in his pocket, his papers, he says he discovered that this most certain means you could adopt of ruining he should quit the country with the reputation your own affairs ; for if there is a doubt, no of being a remarkably well-informed and agree original anecdote. About an hour after the execution at the
* Of the police at this period we can give a singular an sooner have you turned your back, than the able companion. On the few large pieces of castle of Vincennes, two gendarmes, who had been present worthy lawyer seeks your adversary, makes water met with in Mexico, the Indians make at the murder of the unfortunate Duked'Enghien, entered his own terms, and betrays the weak points of use of a long shallow boat for the purpose of of the shop the scene they had just witnessed. An agent of
, related to your cause. Creoles of title have been more fishing ; which is so narrow, that persons un police, who overheard their conversation, represented to than once caught in the fact, when endeavour- accustomed to the mode of managing it, would them that they ought to be more guarded in spreading ing to purloin prints, books, &c. from the shop immediately lose their balance and get upset. in a state of great agitation: (Plchegru had just been
such false reports, at a moment when the city was already of a highly respectable European established in It is formed of the trunk of one tree; and the arrested). The gendarmes persisting in their assertion, the capital ; and what was even worse, laughed Indian owners are often seen in the rainy sea- in the execution, the agent of police put them under
and even affirming that they themselves had been engaged at their detection as a good joke, instead of son, covered with an odd-looking cloak made arrest, and conducted them to the préfecture. The préfet being ashamed of their knavery.”
of the broad reeds of the morass, which ef- was in bed, it being only about six o'clock in the morning. Yet he adds, which seems inconsistent:- fectually turns off the wet during the heaviest The officer, however, entered his bed-room, and made his
report. The préfet, supposing that the two gendarmes “ But as far as my own experience goes, I must of storms. On the great estates for breeding were conspirators, who had assumed that disguise, wrote differ from the sweeping accusation of theft so of cattle in the warmer districts, it is usual instantly to Buonaparte, to inform him that two conspira
tors had just been arrested, who were spreading reports often alleged against all the lower classes of for the men who pursue them with the lazo injurious to his character and honour; that they had thre Mexicans, for throughout my excursions, 1 through the wilderness of shrubs, to guard insolence to say that a prince of the house of Bourbon haul cannot recall to mind a single instance in which themselves against the thorns of the mimosa that he had been shot at the castle of Vincennes, &c.
been arrested in Germany by some French troops, and any article was stolen from my baggage. It is trees, by means of a mantle of skins which The above fact shews the secrecy in which the foui true I kept my eyes about me; but on some
murder of the unhappy prince was enveloped, when even occasions, when half a hundred men, women, I usted, you ; si, yes.
* Poco a poco, slowly; quien sabe, who knows or cares? his
arrival at Paris was unknown to the prefet of police Ed. L. G.
was a connexion not much to the young “ The style (he continues) of that correspond- | my intentions. They expected to be repri. prince's taste. He alleged as his motive an ence was no enigma to me. I found the true key manded ; and received, on the contrary, some apprehension of not finding in that union the to it in the many injunctions it contained; and proof of my satisfaction. I opened every paper, happiness which is the only object of mar- felt more than ever convinced that the project of even the ambassador's packet,-and sent it riage, without a certainty of which he would succeeding to the emperor was deeply rooted in back to him with so much haste, that he might renounce all thoughts of it. He plainly said, the mind of the King of Naples, who had never have had doubts of its being any thing more in short, that he feared he never could accus- relinquished it until the birth of the King of than a mistake, if his experience had not told tom himself to the domineering conduct which Rome. I entertained the impression that his him otherwise.(Characteristic gent !] he thought it would be the lot of her future obstinacy in insisting upon retaining about the “ This (he adds) is the proper place for men. husband to submit to. This was no praise of person of his ambassador in Paris a host of tioning that the emperor had already contem. the princess of England; and his mind had gallant youths, all military men, was nothing plated to separate the crown of Italy from that not yet acquired a philosophical turn respect. more than a precaution on his part, for the of France, and to bestow the former upon his ing the female character. It was, no doubt, purpose of obtaining correct information of the successor : he only delayed making a declarahis wish that the Princess Charlotte should personal dispositions of the individuals holding tion to that effect until the birth of a second be nothing more than Princess of Orange, but high employments, of whose concurrence he son, who would have been king of all Italy. that he should become a Prince of England.” would have stood in need if the event had come He had sometimes indulged with his friends in
The following respecting Murat, in 1811, to pass, which was a previous condition to car- that pleasing hope ; and as he treated the goes beyond any thing we previously remem- rying his views into effect.”*
King of Naples as a man whom he considered ber. “The emperor directed the arrest of According to his own report of himself, to be inseparably linked to his system, the a chamberlain of the King of Naples, who had not only on this, but on all other occasions, the idea did not occur to him that he would ever not left Paris. His directions were obeyed; worthy minister of police knew every thing dare to oppose his views, if the anticipated and an examination took place of the cham- that happened every where. But, to make event should occur. Nevertheless, this was berlain's papers, amongst which were found assurance doubly sure, and at least become really the case.” nineteen letters in the King of Naples' own acquainted with these secrets, for his own pur- The fact is, every one was playing his own hand-writing. There could no longer exist poses, he took an opportunity of Buonaparte's game, and there was neither confidence, hoany doubt, after the perusal of these docu- absence from Paris ; and he tells us--" I gave nesty, truth, nor attachment, in the whole ments, that whether the idea had originated orders (such is the rogue's confession)† that, crowd of these worthless sycophants. No won. with himself, or whether it emanated from under pretence of some awkward mistake, a der that the catastrophe came at last ; but the the brains of some of the persons in his ser- Neapolitan courier should be arrested instead wonder is prodigious that the rotten fabric vice in Paris, this prince seriously entertained of another courier, and placed for a couple of should have stood so long, ay, and laid Europe the hope of succeeding to the emperor, in a hours at my disposal.
prostrate at the feet of such a set of charlatans. given case, that of his death, for instance.. “ The first Neapolitan courier was not The empress seems to have been out of their Most of those letters were dated in 1809, and long in making his appearance; and my in- pale; for the author confesses, “ No pains were had been written whilst the emperor was at structions were so judiciously carried into taken to trumpet forth her praise ; but her Vienna, and the English had possession of effect, that he was brought to my hotel. merits were known and appreciated by all who Flushing."
Those who conducted him there were, in fact, surrounded her. I feel pleasure in repeating, We should remark, that Savary is inveterate under the impression that they had actually that on no occasion did I find it necessary to against Fouché throughout his work, and does committed a mistake, with the exception, how- resort to any underhand means of securing to not spare Talleyrand. + ever, of one person, who was in the secret of the empress a good reception from the public,
by whom she was sincerely esteemed and beThe archbishop's countenance, however, appeared the loved.” * " M. Fouché was of a restless disposition; he always most discomposed. On perceiving their confusion, I wanted to be employed on something, and generally guessed the subject of their conversation, and could not The breaking-up of the vile knot, who had against somebody. He had already contrived to get access help saying to them. This time, at least, you cannot so long disgraced authority and humbled the to the empress, whose favour he was eagerly endeavour: deny it, I find you in the act of courspiring. en was right world, (we are not disposed to think highly of ing to gain, in order to turn it to his own purposes when in my conjecture: they set up & laugh, and endeavoured occasion should serve. For my own part, I was not sorry to deceive me as to their intentions ; but I requested them courtiers generally, but surely they cannot all for this removal; as it relieved me from the annoyance in vain to continue their conversation: they had lost the be so depraved and so contemptible as these of receiving the condolence of persons who thought it im- thread of it: 1 withdrew, under the conviction that they volumes shew the court of Buonaparte to have possible that the Duke of Otranto should not return to a were hatching some plot, though I was ignorant of its post, for which they considered him exclusively compe exact nature." --- What a disgraceful business for a high been) — the breaking - up of the system aptent. If the emperor had not called him to Dresden, it is minister of state?!]. probable that he and I would not long have continued on * After all, the King of Naples died like a chivalrous proached, and the picture of the last hours of a footing of good understanding; for I was resolved to hero, in comparison with his brother-in-law. His protest an empire sustained only by force, is deserving take my revenge whenever he inight attempt any intrigue, against the tribunal, his letter to his wife, and his noble of calm and philosophical contemplation, as a the object of which could only be to cast ridicule on me. meeting of the fatal sentence, belong to the character of lesson for all times. Napoleon had been deWe should then have seen which of the two would have fame; while all Buonaparte's St. Helena tenaciousness outstripped the other. I was far from concurring with of life and littleness class with the contemptible and feated in his endeavours to restore victory to those who attributed to him a vast share of talent. It piteous.--Ed. L. G.
his arms in the campaign which succeeded the will be seen whether experience has justified my opinion.” † On another occasion, when he wanted to get at the
Respecting him at the period when the allies were despatches of the Russian embassy, he says I knew calamitous invasion of Russia. The German near Paris, he states : 1 had a positive order to abstain that the Emperor Alexander's aide-de-camp was about to states had fallen off from him one by one, as from measures of severity, and was therefore under the take his departure, and that every one was getting des- they dared; Murat had deserted him ; and necessity of allowing him to run on. I affected not to un- patches in readiness. Men of all characters and descripderstand, though in fact my curiosity was the more ex- tions are to be met with in Paris. I had of late found Wrede (whom he deemed he bad attached by cited. His experience, however, was proof against the out one who knew the secret by which letters were shut largesses) only marked his sense of them by
I could obtain no positive informa- up with certain padlocks, called à la Reynier. Had not tion from him.. was correctly informed of all the visits the aide-de-camp left Paris, I should probably have be- becoming, as the friend of Bavaria, one of the he received; but his conduct was so artfully disguised, come acquainted with whatever was contained in the most able of his enemies. that he could give it the appearance of being quite natural, press in the wall close by the chimney of his apartment. The legislative body was assembled in Paris, by successively receiving persons of every opinion, and of By means which it is unnecessary to divulge, l at last sucall characters. I took care not to have one of them spoken ceeded in obtaining possession of the whole contents of but here also abandonment and opposition were any of those persons to renounce the court favours which I drew out of his porttolio the report he addressed to the derable treasure, the fruit of his economy. to: the state of our affairs was far too desperate to induce the Russian oflicer's despatch, dated 21st
February, 1812. manifest. “ The emperor possessed a consithey already anticipated the prospect of obtaining. What, Emperor of Russia, with its accompanying letter ; the besides, could they have wld me? of a conversation in copy of the instructions given by the emperor two days He transferred thirty millions to the public which no positive fact could be discovered, or of their before to the director-in-chief of the war department, on treasury; but this resource was far from being private opinions respecting the intentions of M. de Talley- the subject of forwarding the military equipages of the rand, which were in a great measure known to me. I was army; and, lastly, a summary of the organisation of the sufficient to meet the exigencies. The credit in this state of uneasiness, when happening to ride about grand army, in different corps, according to the orders of the government was shaken ; and without town it occurred to ine to pass close by the prince's hotel. given to the Duke de Feltre, minister of war. 1 descried from a great distance the carriage of the Arch. iermined to ascertain whether I was net mircalf the depends on any thing. Under these circumstances, it
I first de money it was impossible to rely with certainty bishop of Mechlin, and imagined they were in close con- some repaired to emference together. Being determined to satisfy myself on peror, who admitted his having recently given the orders was resolved to have recourse to the sale of the the subject, I disinounted in the street, and walked in in question.
On the day of the departure of communel estates. This resource would have unexpectedly, instead of having the folding-door of the the Russian officer, it occurred to me to pay a visit to the hotel thrown open to me. The porter recognised, but had prefect of police, with whom Nived
on terms of friendly been sufficient ; but although the measure was not the courage to stop me. I quickly ascended the stair intimacy. I found him closing a letter to my address, in carried into effect, by the regnlar administracase, and reached M. de Talleyrand's closet without meet- which he sent me copies of all the written papers found in tive authority, it nevertheless formed one of ing with any one in the ante-chamber. He was in close the apartment of the Emperor of Russia's aide-de-camp: cmference with the archbishop. I entered so suddenly, the originals were on the table, and ready to be sent to the grounds of complaint, of which the legis. if I had got'in through the window. They stopped short in who had asked for them. Though I could not but feel the government of the last support it possessed. that my appearance had as striking an effect upon them as the Duke of Bassano, the minister for foreign affairs, lative body availed itself, in order to deprive their conversation, which had been exceedingly animated; hurt at or hat arine de recipient had enabled me to discover, The legislative body had been for a long time both seemed . I was not surprised at .”
bait thus held out.
at Paris; but the session was not opened, number of adventurous men to run the chances are losing the game with fine cards in our How great a responsibility rests on those per- of its fortune. At all events, such a proposi- hands. Such is the consequence of the folly sons who dissuaded the emperor from this act, tión" could do us no harm. On the contrary, of some ignorant men who persevere in exerin order to serve their petty private interests ! if it were listened to, it might bring about cising from day to day a fatal influence. The Already were the mischievous and designing changes which would soon place us in a state emperor is really much to be pitied ; and yet occupied with machinations. They tampered in which we would have little to repair. An- this will not be the case, for he is very unrea. with the deputies, who were discontented, in other consideration is, that your allies having sonable in so obstinately confiding in the people consequence of the inactivity in which they / failed you, you can now do nothing solid ex. who beset him: it is a mere act of weakness, were kept, and particularly on account of the cept with new men, connected from the be- which is quite unaccountable in such a man. state of affairs which they exaggerated, because ginning with the conservation of your system. Consider, sir, what a downfal for the pages of it was not brought under their view. They The emperor listened to M. de Talleyrand, but history to record! He should have given his soon began to make all sorts of reflections, desired him to speak out more plainly, remark- name to the age he lives in, instead of which and this amongst others, that if the constitu-ing, that he was always the same, and that it will only stand conspicuous in the catalogue tion had been stronger, and the resources, there was no knowing what he would be at. of adventurers! I am deeply mortified at the both of population and finance, had been not so Thus pressed, Talleyrand mentioned the Wel- bare idea. What course are we now to adopt? entirely placed at the disposal of the govern- lesley family, and said, Look at Wellington, It is not the duty of every one to remain ment, such misfortunes would not, and could who may be supposed to have something in under this edifice now crumbling to ruins : not, have happened. Private resentments view. If he submit to live on his reputation, however, we shall see what will happen. The mixed themselves up with these reflections. he will soon be forgotten. He has several ex- emperor would have done much better to The legislative body contained some old pub. amples before his eyes; and a talent such as spare me his insults, and to form a more corlic functionaries, who imagined they had cause his will not be stopped, so long as there is rect estimate of those who instilled prejudices to complain of the emperor, those especially something to be desired.' The emperor did into his mind. He would have discovered that who had obtained neither favour nor distinc- not adopt these suggestions."
such friends as the latter are much more to be tion. They believed that a favourable moment How ridiculous this must appear to English dreaded than open enemies. What would he had arrived for bringing him to a strict account. readers! But the French were so accustomed have said of any one else who might have They gave the rein to their passions, instead to revolutions and to king-making, that they involved himself in the like difficulties ?'” of occupying themselves with the danger which fancied the people of other countries were as menaced the state. They had all flattered the ready as themselves to see thrones overturned, SCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S BOOKS. emperor's government during his prosperity; and aspiring subjects lifted to sovereign places. Rudiments of Geography, on a new plan. Dethey had lavished praises on all the acts of his Talleyrand, to use a vulgar phrase, must have signed to assist the Memory by Comparison administration, when all they had to do was to been humbugging Buonaparte, when he wanted and Classification ; with numerous Engravgive their assent; they made him a thousand to make him believe that the ambition of Wel. ings of Manners, 8c., accompanied with an protestations of fidelity and attachment when lington might be tempted to reach at the Bri. Allas, exhibiting the prevailing Religions, he was the master of the world ; and in the only tish crown !!!
Forms of Government, Degrees of Civiliza. conjuncture probably in which he could have Not so in France ; for even during the grand tion, and the Comparative Size of Towns, had need of their assistance, to extricate the invasion in the spring of 1814, when the last Rivers, and Mountains. 18mo. pp. 214. state from a danger which could not fail to in- stake was at issue, “ strange rumours were in London, 1828. Whittaker. volve themselves in destruction, they proved circulation respecting Prince Joseph. He is This work is an importation from America, and untractable, and selected that moment for asserted to have said, within the hearing of reprinted in England. It is compiled on a prinregulating the limits of a power, which others, that it was no longer in the emperor's ciple similar to the little work of Mr. Cobbin could not be too 'absolute for the circum- power to make peace; but that he himself (noticed last week), and possesses one apparent stances of the moment, and the bounds of would bring it about by means of the empress. advantage over it'; yiz. the introduction of a which they would themselves have readily My only reason for crediting the assertion was, variety of questions after every subject, for the extended, at a period when it might really that the emperor's brothers had on other occa- purpose of exercising the pupil in what he has have been abused. This conduct of the le- sions ventured to suppose that they could act a read or already learnt. At first sight, it would gislative body completed our misfortune.”- conspicuous part without his assistance. What seem that these questions refer to an immense The amount of which is, that seeing their surprised me most in the present case was, that quantity of matter on which the work precountry drained to the last franc, and exhausted Prince Joseph should give way to such illu- sents no information ; but the preface informs to the last man, they tvere not such slaves of sions. He was less presumptuous than the us, that, “ in the use of this work, it is in. Buonaparte as the minister of his police. Tal- rest of the family, and was, besides, sincerely tended that the pupil should derive most of leyrand
in this extremity, offered the seals attached to his brother. Nevertheless, the his information from a careful examination of of foreign affairs ; but he was too wily to accept spirit of intrigue was actively at work about the maps and chart, (which are published in a them. "M. de Talleyrand, (says the author,) his person. He spoke to me himself of a plan separate volume, 4to.), as the only substantial who knew the object which had been aimed at which had been suggested to him. This was basis of a knowledge of geography. No pains by all the preceding coalitions, was not de- nothing less than to have him proclaimed as should be spared to render this part of the ceived respecting the views of the present. regent by the assembled senate, who would subject familiar to his mind. To effect this He related to me that he said to the emperor, also have pronounced the emperor's forfeiture object, the questions have been made as nume. * Here is your work destroyed. Your allies, of the throne. Joseph clearly saw, that, if rous and particular as the limits of such a work by successively abandoning you, have left you this event had occurred, he would have been will allow, and it is not designed to give him no other alternative but that of treating with at the enemy's mercy, after thus opening the any information in words which he can obtain out loss of time; treating at their expense, road to Paris, which the fascination still at- from the maps.” Thus far it appears good, and at all hazards. A bad peace cannot be so tached to the emperor's name had the effect of and, with the aid of the Atlas, the pupil may, fatal to us as the continuance of a war which keeping still closed against them. I felt, how with these “Rudiments," obtain a tolerable must be unsuccessful. Time and means to ever, the conviction that the leaders in the initiation into the first principles of geography: recall fortune to your side are wanting, and scheme had fed him with hopes of success pre- but farther than this he cannot go, as the your enemies will not allow you a moment to viously to his quitting the metropolis.' book itself is too bare of such instruction as breathe. There are, however, among them It was now, as afterwards at Waterloo, cannot be obtained from the maps. What, for different interests, which we should endeavour sauve qui peut at Paris; every one for him- instance, can be learnt from Mr. Woodbridge's to bring in conflict. Private ambitions present self, and the dml take the hindmost. Even book, of that venerable and interesting coun. means, of which we might avail ourselves to Savary hesitated about raising the mob, but try, Egypt ? when the information he deigns prepare a diversion.'
The emperor_asked was afraid that they would tear him to pieces ; to afford thereof is wholly contained in the îiin to explain himself, and M. de Talley- and so he ran too. His account of the last following six lines ! rand continued : " There is in England a council at the Tuileries is quite a curiosity : * Egypt is celebrated for the wonderful family which has acquired a distinction fa- we can only give its finale, and ours also of pyramids, near Cairo, and other works of the vourable to the encouragement of every kind this notice.
ancient inhabitants. It is a hot but very of ambition. It is natural to suppose that “On quitting the palace of the Tuileries, fruitful country, which is watered by the it possesses ambition, or, at least, that by shew. M. de Talleyrand came up and addressed me overflowing of the Nile, instead of rain. There ing a disposition to second its ambition, we in these words :-“Well,' said he, thus ends are some professed Christians in Egypt, but may excite in it the desire of elevation; and all this business. Are you not also of the the people are generally in the lowest state also, that there are in England, a sufficient I opinion of the council ? It must be owned we! of ignorance and oppression.".