Imatges de pÓgina


whose philanthropy is of a doubtful nature,-8 single reference to any unpublished monu- of the lamp, in not being liable to explode the who, under the pretence of benefiting others, ment throughout the whole of that work. surrounding fire damp, arises from the gauze think but of their own interest. Political Egyptian antiquities occupy at present but a wire repelling the internal flame, and forming, economists, too, come in for a few coups de very small share of the public attention in this about it, a cool atmosphere, through which igpattes well applied, and are loudly accused of country; it may not, therefore, be amiss briefly nition cannot take place ; while Mr. Dillon wishing, to consider a part of the human to apprise your readers of the nature of the contends, that the non-ignition is the result species in a mere mechanical point of view, system of hieroglyphics upon which this disco- of the radiation of heat from the gauze wire, esteeming them, not according to the qualities very is founded, in order that they may be able which rarefies the external air, and precludes with which they may be endowed, but for the to judge of its importance.

that access of oxygen necessary to the propa. profits which may be extracted from them. 1. This system was discovered by à very gation of flame. Several experiments (which The volume, or volumes, for I have only learned and most amiable young man, of the we have not seen tried) appear to countenance seen some quotations, is by no means strewed name of Spohn; and, as the professor informs this new theory. It is stated to us, that a with roses, but with thorns; yet, I believe, us, not as the result of his researches in a subject lamp just lighted, and of course quite cold, it will be read with pleasure in England, which he had very lately taken up, but afiatu if plunged into a jar of carburetted hydrogen

be particularly by those whose enlarged egotism quasi divino,' or, in plain English, by one of gas, communicates the flame immediately, and (if I may use the expression) makes them those sallies of the imagination which the Ger-causes an explosion ; but if suffered to remain desire an alleviation to general sufferings, as mans are too apt to mistake for rational deduc- burning till the gauze wire is sufficiently the surest means to secure their own enjoy- tions.

heated, that it may be plunged into the same

2. Spohn tried the system he had thus dis-gas with perfect safety. This hypothesis may, I have heard a work much praised latterly,- covered upon the Enchorial papyrus generally therefore, be readily submitted to the test, Les Révolutions de la Terre, by M. Dejean. called the Casali MS., a Greek translation of and chemists be enabled at once to determine His hypothesis is, that each revolution of the which was afterwards found in another papyrus whether it is fanciful, or one of the most earth, whose centre is supposed to be fusion, by Dr. Young. According to Spohn, it con- important discoveries that has recently been hàs produced a new creation, and that man tains an address to the sun ; according to the made for the benefit of mankind. We confess was the last.

Greek translation, it is a record of the pur- we are inclined to think well of it, not merely Ultra romantism is now the mode, in imi. chase of certain lands in the neighbourhood of from its obvious simplicity and reasonableness, tation of the English and German writers ; Thebes !!

but from having heard that miners in the coaland expression is sacrificed to idea. La Ba. 3. This system is grounded in certain fancied pits are in the habit of covering their Davy's taille de Navarin, a poem lately published, is resemblances between the Enchorial characters lamps when they feel a current of cold air an example of the revolution in style ; for and the few Phænician letters which have been rushing towards them, a sort of practical act, amidst fine strophes, there are sometimes the recovered from coins and inscriptions. suggested by experience, as if they felt that most extraordinary thoughts : but this people 4. Upon this crumbling foundation is built such a current might produce an accident, conare ever in extremes_once take them out of a the gigantic hieroglyphic system of Professor trary to the hypothesis hitherto supported, and pendulum movement, they must go at double- Seyffarth, who assumes that hieroglyphs are consistently with that of Mr. Dillon. The quick time. Still, it is well to rebel against merely Phænician or Enchorial characters fou- latter introduces a talc shield, either half way those laws of poetry, which tended so much to rished out into the forms of physical objects ; round, to front the cold blast when it occurs cramp genius, and reduce similes and me. or, in other words, hieroglyphs are the symbols, or quite round the lamp, to augment the heat, taphors to a very narrow compass ; and, above not of sounds, but of letters or parts of letters.' for the same reason which has led the miner all, injured translations.

5. From this principle he infers conclusions to protect the Davy light. The works of Pierte Ronsard, who was whence it necessarily follows, that any hiero. styled Prince des Poètes Françaises three glyphic character may be the representation of FERNANDO PO: JOURNAL CONTINUED. hundred years ago, with Commentaries by any letter of the alphabet, or of all of them in I ARRIVED at my hut about three o'clock, and Monsieur de St. Beuve, is a work highly succession, or of any part of any letter. was received by the chief and his party with a esteemed here, and much talked of in the 6. As if this were not latitude enough, the hearty welcome. Several bottles of tope were belles lettres world,-in which, to say the truth, ingenuity of the professor has contrived a still immediately brought me by different indivithere is a general disette.

further extension of the vagueness of his sys- duals, from whom, both before and afterwards, A new singer, who is to surpass all the tem; for, according to this great authority, the I received similar acts of kindness. Scarcelý ci-devants queens of song, is shortly expected parts of any character may be separated and had I been seated five minutes, when, to my in this capital. Her name is not proclaimed, become parts of different letters. For instance, great surprise, Cut-throat entered the hut with As managers have not come to a sticking the bee, which is inscribed in a disjointed and a quarter of mutton, roasted ; Incledon followpoint in regard of pounds, shillings, and slovenly manner on many of the later monu- ed with another, boiled; others with a boiled pence arrangements. Already, prudent moments, he completely takes to pieces, assigning and roasted fowl the head and lights of the thers and jealous wives are alarmed; for re- the head to one letter, the wings to another, sheep stewed in (what I judged to be) palm port gives to the fair cantatrice charms of no the thorax to a third, and the abdomen to a wine—the liver also stewed with spice in palm small degree of perfection ; so that, sighing, fourth.

oil-boiled and roasted yams, &c. Here was a dying, suiciding, may be anticipated for the With the assistance of such a system, that dinner as multifariously cooked as one would ensuing season :- better that love should di- man must be dull indeed who cannot discover think a half-sheep, weighing ten pounds, could minish population than hunger ! About ten Manetho's History of Egypt, or Hume's His- be. What added not a little to my astonishment days Master Cupid is said to have caused tory of England, or any other work he may on seeing these dishes before me, was the casting, a cold-bath and some coups de poignard; but choose to search for, in any collection of pa- by chance, my eyes to the spot where my half such events seldom 'take place, the belle pyri in Europe.

of the sheep had been hung, and to observe it passion being exterminated for the riche pas. I have thus stated Seyffarth's hieroglyphic still there. The mutton which had been brought sion, a much more solid one; gold keeping le system exactly as it presented itself to my mind me, it appeared, was the two quarters I had petii dieu from flying off, much better than after three careful perusals of the Rudimenta in the morning sent to the Coco-la-co. With all the fine eyes, fine teeth, rosy lips, and luxu- Hieroglyphices : I beg, however, to give it the exception of the stews, which were in riant hair, in the world.

under correction; for I acknowledge myself to earthen pans, the other articles were given me

be one of those whò find very great difficulty in from the hands of the carriers. Feeling thank. EGYPTIAN HIEROGLYPHICS.

comprehending the professor's meaning. ful for these anticipations of my wishes, I re. Leeds, July 23, 1828.

J. X. ceived every thing with the best grace ; careTo the Editor of the Literary Gazette.

fully refraining from letting them imagine Sir, In offering a few remarks upon Profes

that any part was to my distaste. I sent for sor Seyffarth's account of the discovery of an


the chief to partake of my dinner with me. Egyptian History, published in the Literary

He came and sat beside me, but would neither Gazette of the 19th, I beg leave to premise MR. DILLON, a mercantile gentleman of Bel- eat nor drink any thing. My Krooman and I that, being totally ignorant of, or most im- fast, has produced a safety lamp similar to Sir then set to, and, uninviting as the viands were perfectly acquainted with, the Egyptian mu- Humphry Davy's, but somewhat modified, in to English eyes and palates, I doubt much my seums and libraries on the Continent,” I am consequence of the new principle on which the ever eating heartier, or enjoying a dinner more only in the situation of the Professor himself inventor maintains that its security depends. in my life although surrounded with a hun. when he published his Rudimenta Hierogly- His theory is directly opposed to that of Sir dred or two of both sexes, whose eyes were phices; for, with one exception, I do not find H. Davy; the latter holding, that the property constantly riyetted on me : not to say a word




of the exudations of their odoriferous bodies. | five large calabashes, I proposed quitting ; for two quarters of mutton, which were still hangWhatever may be thought of it, the liver what with the topé and the fire, I was in a ing over my bed-place, and presented it to cooked in the palm oil was delicious. My perfect state of dissolution. This, however, them. No sooner was my gift received, than Krooman, as he predicted, did ample justice to could not be allowed ;- the chief and the a man was despatched from the hut, who preone quarter of the mutton, and also assisted in Krooman by this time having become the best sently returned with six calabashes of topé. removing the other from sight. The remainder of friends ; a bottle was therefore sent for for In a few minutes the mutton was cooked to was soon despatched by Cut-throat and attend him. This having been merrily discussed, I their taste, cut up, and distributed equally, ants. After I had finished, two bottles of topé again got up for the purpose of leaving, but to including my own proportion, and no more. were given me by the chief. In the course of no effect, being again obliged to resume my Although barely warmed through, I ate as much the afternoon, having watched him out of the seat. Another calabash was then brought, and as I could, for the sake of good fellowship. hamlet, I determined upon gaining admittance given to me by the chief with the same un- The topé now began to fly about in abundance, to his hut. Fortune favoured the attempt. pleasant ceremonies as the first, to my no little which brought forward many volunteers of While in dalliance with one of his thirteen wives annoyance; but having disposed of it, principally their vocal abilities. The ladies sang by them. that were seated outside my dwelling, she got among the ladies, who crowded about me with selves, in a far from disagreeable key. Their up (maiden like) and ran into her hut, I, of their little calabashes to fill, I determined on songs did not appear to consist of more than a course, following. I found it to contain four leaving. The separation was with difficulty dozen words, which, as solo and chorus, were compartments or divisions. The first on en accomplished, the old chief catching me about continued for a quarter of an hour at a time. tering was the kitchen or place they live in by the neck, and entreating me to stop and take Krooman and I were obliged to sing in our day, having a large fire burning in the centre, another calabash, and as much as saying, turns. Having discussed fifteen or sixteen of with various cooking utensils, made of clay, " and then we won't part.” He then in- the calabashes of topé, and perceiving some of lying about. The second division was a sit- formed me he intended to take a couple of sheep the party becoming uproarious, I retreated to ting room, remarkably neat and clean, with a down with me to Clarence in the morning; my bed-place, where, wrapping myself in my fire-place in the centre. Round the sides were and we parted, he and his followers accompa- blanket, I lay down. Many of the party now ten or twelve logs of wood, used as seats, with nying me to the entrance of the court of Yapa. left the hut. Cut-throat and Incledon, having a larger and neater one at the end for the so very inquisitive were the ladies to ascertain finished the remainder of the topé,' betook chiefs. The third appeared to be the children's if all parts of my body were of the same colour, themselves to rest with their wives, alongside apartment or sleeping-room, it being entirely that they nearly tore my clothes off my back. my bed-place: others at short distances from full of them. The fourth was a store-room, in I was obliged to take my jacket and waistcoat them. I secured for the Krooman a place close which were numberless rude articles, whose off and carry them in my hand. The cock is by the fire, which was now made up, so as to utility, from the casual glance I had of them, I the present which appears to me to be the burn the night out. A more social evening I could not make out. The ensemble was unique peace-offering, or mode of greeting friends, could not well have spent, every thing being and imposing—at least to me it appeared so. having repeatedly had them given me by chiefs done by all present to make me comfortable The chief returning a short time after my on their visits to our market establishment. and cheerful. leaving the hut, I led him towards the spot On my return to my domicile, I found my where his wives were seated. In the course of young friend who had always furnished me with LITERARY AND LBARNED. our conversation (if it could so be termed) he topé, waiting for me with a renewed supply. informed me he had twenty-one wives, and Scarce an hour passed, when there, without The vacation of this institution commenced twice as many children. This may appear in his bringing me a fresh calabash. I now visited this week ; but during the holiday there is an credible ; but when I state that fifteen of the a few of the dwellings round my own, but immense deal to be done in arranging the former and near thirty of the latter were about with difficulty; some four or five ladies invari. library, and other important matters. His me at the time, it will readily be believed. ably stopping up the entrance on my approach. Majesty's and Sir Joseph Banks's collections About an hour before sun-set I paid a visit to My mode of succeeding was by commencing a have nobly augmented this branch of the estathe chief of one of the neighbouring towns, game of romping with them, which soon put blishment; and when duplicates shall have who last evening visited the chief with whom them to flight. I found these huts in much been exchanged for the few works that are I was stopping, who appears to be the supreme the same state as the chief's, with the excep- wanted, it will be one of the most complete head of all that part of the country. He paid me tion of their wanting the culinary utensils and libraries in the world, and in some respects great attention, and took me into the travelling stores I observed in the former. Soon after unequalled. or audience-hut of his town, similar to the one dark, I returned to my dwelling, where I was in which I was lodged. He treated me kindly joined by Cut-throat, Incledon, and nine or

FINE ARTS. and hospitably. His establishment consisted of ten of their friends. A large fire was then from one to sixty dwellings, whereas that of made, round which they assembled—the greater Views of Pompeii. Drawn on stone by J. D. Yapa had not more than twenty, having no part with their wives, or rather a wife. "Yams Harding; after Drawings by William Light, one about him but his immediate officers. I were then placed on the fire, and ten or twelve Esq. late on the Staff of the Army under the was placed on his right, close to a fire. Around calabashes of topé brought in. The chief came Duke of Wellington in the Peninsula. Car. him sat bis officers, and behind them, in dif. to the entrance of the hut and presented me penter and Son. ferent parts of the hut, were at least a hun. with a bottle of topé. I went back with him These Views, which are twenty-five in num. dred of both sexes stowed, with twice as many to his hut, and requested permission to go in ber (besides a general plan of the city) give an outside, and filling up every avenue to it. and drink it with him. This was instantly excellent idea of this remarkable relic of antia Immediately on taking my seat, he called to refused, with an intimation to go to my dwell- quity, buried for so many centuries under some one in the rear of the hut, which was ing. This I thought it proper to do immedi- volcanic ashes. The Views which are without answered by a female voice. A shifting board ately, first cordially shaking him by the hand. figures are the most satisfactory; not merely was then removed from behind him, when My companions I found seated round the fire, because the sentiment of solitude is thereby from a kind of balcony outside entered ten busily engaged cooking their yams. I was left unimpaired, but because the incongruity of women (these were his wives), the first carry- requested to take a seat among them, which I modern habits in such scenes is striking. The ing a cock, many of the others calabashes of did ;—the topé was then handed about, and introduction of an English carriage into the palm wine. They took their seats imme- singing commenced, each singing in his turn. View of the Villa of Diomedes has a singularly diately behind the chief. The cock was then The yams being ready, they commenced their bad effect. With this trifling exception, hows in form presented to me, with the usual cere- supper. While they were so employed, I went ever, the execution of the plates does both mony of stroking down, and adorning my out and visited several huts, where I found the Colonel Light and Mr. Harding great credit. person with twigs; though, from being placed the same pastimes going forward. Each party Every plate is accompanied by a brief lettere near the fire, conjoined with the want of a asked me to sit down with them and partake of press description. While we were turning over circulation of air, in consequence of the their cheer. In the six huts into which I went, and admiring the volume, a letter reached us crowds outside, I was in a far worse pre- I found a good fire burning, and from fifteen from an intelligent English friend now at dicament than yesterday. This affair over, to twenty persons in each-the women appear. Naples, from which we extract the following I was again seated in my place alongside the ing to be by far the most numerous. Every passage, as happily expressive of the feelings fire, and all attempts to leave it were ren- thing betokened mirth and domestic happiness. which a visit to this extraordinary scene is cal. dered abortive by the well-meant, though ill. On my return to my hut, singing immediately culated to excite :timed, officiousness of the chiefs. We then recommenced, and with that its usual conco- “ Ten days ago we went to Pompeii. It commenced drinking topé, every bottle being mitant, drinking. Perceiving them inclined to was all marvel and beauty ;-the city a wongiven to me to serve out. After emptying make a merry evening of it, I took down the der, and its site fairy-land. You do not des


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scend, you rise to Pompeii. Its first aspect is fertile vale, as Wells; crowning the craggy, I went to fair cities, and in the crowd that of a mound of earth; and, when you romantic rock, as Durham ; or partly in a I mingled awhile with the gay and the proud ; enter, above lofty columns and walls you see dell, and on the deep shelving hill, as Bath, I strove to be happy, I strove to smile, large trees growing. The ashes that over- with the noble and venerable cathedral over. But the days pass'd heavily on the while ; whelmed the city, and the soil thrown out in topping and dignifying the crowded dwellings And though every hour with mirth was fraught, making the excavations, have produced this of its citizens ; it commands attention in the It bore not within it the peace I sought. mound-like exterior. But what shall I say of distance, and still more on closer inspection.” I fed away into solitude, the interior? Perfect streets, rows of shops, We have seen specimens both of the plates and I hoped to find quiet by mountain and wood; theatres, palaces, temples--standing in ma- of the wood-cuts with which this work is

be But, alas! when the spirit would use its wings, jestic and silent desolation : our aged guide decorated: they are eminently beautiful. And mingle with grand and glorious things, and ourselves the only human beings visible, amidst edifices, and in places, once thronged NATIONAL GALLERY AND HOYAL ACADEMY. 'Tis fetter'd by clay to its mortal sphere :

-Rest there was none for my bosom here. and noisy with multitudes, intent on business, REPORT says 'that Mr. Nash is to be inor pleasure, or piety!"

trusted with the erection of a National Gal. I sat me down ’neath the midnight sky,

lery and Royal Academy, on the site of the The bright stars sparkled like gems on high; Portraits of Madame Vestris, Miss P. Glover, King's Mews. We wish we could see one Before me lay the mighty deep, Mr. Williams, and Mr. Liston ; in the Co- public building worthy of a great country, Still murmuring on in its peaceless sleep medy of Paul Pry., Painted by G. Clint, and of a period in which the splendid art of And I thought, as I looked on its heaving A.R.A. Engraved by T. Lupton. Moon, architecture was felt and understood !

breast, Boys, and Graves.

“ There is indeed no place of rest !”. An excellent theatrical group. With the ex.

But there came a still small voice through the ception of that of Madame Vestris, which, al. We have just seen, at the Egyptian Hall, six

gloom though all the features are there, we cannot specimens of enamels on a large scale, by “ Thing of the dust ! return thee home: say we think a striking likeness, the resem- Madame Jaquotot, painter on porcelain to the Is it thine to repine at the will of Him blances are admirable. We believe that the King of France, which have been sent for sale Before whom yon glorious stars are dim? portrait of Mr. Liston is the only one for to this country. They are fine examples of Pray that sins may be forgiven ; which he ever sat in character. It is perfect. female talent, — three being copies from Ra- Hope for a resting-place in heaven.” The print is very finely engraved. phaels, one from Holbein, one from Girardot,

MARY ANNE BROWNE. and one an original head of Buonaparte-much Sua Maesla Georgia IV. Re d'Inghilterra. flattered in every respect. The head from

SKETCHES OF SOCIETY. By P. A. Tealdi. Engraved by I. Fother. Holbein is, in our judgment, the most sucgill. London ; Moon, Boys, and Graves : cessful production ; the countenance is beau- In order to augment the attractions and re. Manchester, Agnew and Zanetti. tiful, and the ornaments rich. Were these

spectability of this fashionable spot, a new This curious composition is from a pen-and- works upon copper, instead of porcelain, they scheme was advertised for last night, and, we ink drawing of the same size by an Italian would be still more valuable; but even as they presume, carried into execution. *It seems to gentleman resident in Manchester. It repre- are, they merit the notice and admiration of the be an improvement upon a practice once introsents his Majesty on a war-horse, and nearly lovers of art.

duced at Sadler's Wells, but subsequently rethe whole is formed of the flourishes of pen

linquished, either in consequence of being too manship; so that whatever may be said of the


genteel, or not being genteel enough for that manufacturers of Manchester just now, it can.


favourite place of resort. While it lasted, not be denied that it has produced a most I am weary of life, I am tired of the earth, every person who paid for their admittance to flourishing king. Of its dark sorrows and boisterous mirth,

the boxes or pit, had a check-ticket given Of its changeful scenes, its uncertain joys,

them, which entitled each to a pint of genuine The Market Gardeners. Painted by Wither- Its wo that frowns, and its pleasure that cloys, port wine, alias blackstrap of the Right sort,

ington ; engraved by C. G. Lewis. Moon, Of its dreams that delude the youthful breast : specially im-Ported by the managers for this Boys, and Graves. -Would I could find me a place of rest!

generous purpose. As was to be expected, REPLETE with rustic beauty and truth, this

the wine was of the first quality (so called, we refreshing and natural scene makes a pleasing I sought in a land far beyond the sea,

believe, from having the least imaginable porand animated print. The distance on the left Where the flowers came forth in radiancy,

tion of the juice of grape in its composition), is sweetly pencilled, and contrasts well with Where shone the clearest and sunniest sky;

and the audience got regularly half-drunk, the luxuriancy of the foliage over the latticed But, alas! I found that the flowers would die, noisy, and

indecorous, on the strong and heady shed on the right. The figures are all well That clouds would o'ershadow the heaven's

beverage. introduced ; and the little group, with the child

blue breast;

Every thing went off with spirit,

even benches and chandeliers; and the union of offering a green leaf to an ass, peculiarly well And I left it,-for me 'twas no place of rest !

Bacchus with Melpomene, and Silenus with imagined. Only 250 copies are taken. I returned again to the spot of my birth; Thalia, was nightly productive of the utmost

But change had come on its cheerful hearth : pleasure and gratification to elegant and Picturesque Antiquities of the English Cities. Some were now wanderers o'er the far wave, crowded houses. With the memory of such The publication of a very interesting work, Some were at peace in the lonely grave: effects g

green on their minds (almost the only under the above title, illustrated by a series There were still some hearts that were not green left for Vauxhall Gardens), it is not of prints, representing the ancient gateways, estranged;

(changed ! surprising that the spirited proprietors, and castles, mansions, street-scenery, &c.; with his- But, except their affections, all things were be-knighted inspectors of these menus plaisirs, torical and descriptive accounts of each sub-There were voices beloved, but the tremulous should have thought of extending this happy ject, and of the popular characteristic of every

idea, and making the orgies of Bacchiadæ city_is about to be commenced by John Brit. Told of the years that had over them gone ;

familiar to the classic scene of their liberal ton, F.S.A., M.R.S.L., &c. It is to consist There were brows that, scarce touched by

exertions. According to this plan, it seems, of six numbers; and each number to include at least ten engravings and four wood-cuts. Looked like the lingering flowers of spring ;

Time's darkening wing,

a lottery and a lot of wine are to be drawn,

in the proportion of five thousand gifts to “ Every city,” as Mr. Britton justly observes There were smiles in his prospectus, “ offers its distinctive archi.

every ten thousand visitors ; for, it will be

but they only shone on tectural and natural features ; and each in. Like the fading light on the dying day.


observed, that every thing done here is upon

a grand scale! Thus, last night, supposing volves historical and local characteristics which

10,000 persons to be at Vauxhall; are not merely interesting to the provincial There were heads with whose sunny clustering sents which the proprietors intended to have antiquary, but to most readers of laudable cu. hair

the pleasure of offering" were to consist of riosity. The city, both in the olden and in Was mingled the early snow of care ; 60 dozens of " fine old port," in 16 lots, of modern times, is unquestionably a place of There were eyes,—but where was their once 6, 4, 3, and 2 dozens (four lots of each); and varied and commanding importance. Either bright hue?

10 dozen of champagne, and 10 dozen of claret, environed with fortified walls and bastion tow. A mist of tears had come over their blue: in twenty chances, of a dozen each. But this ers, as York and Chester ; seated on a navi-Oh! I brook'd not to look on such altered is not all-there are 180 prizes, cards of adgable river, as London ; or tranquil stream,


missions for Monday next, which entitle the as Salisbury ; crouching in the peaceful and | And I stayed not there my wanderings. fortunate holders, individually, to supper, and


" the pre

are to


two bottles of wine per man or woman, viz. population of the metropolis opportunities for caprice. Under Louis, Munich became a new one of champagne and one of sherry. Two passing the weary hours in innocent, sober, Athens. A distinguished university was es. hundred double admissions, and 4704 single moral, and intellectual recreations.

tablished. An academy of arts was formed, tickets, complete the attractions of this ad.

which has been incessantly employed in col. mirable invention, Friendly as we


lecting objects of art, and in instructing pu. refinements in popular amusements, we can- BAVARIA (as we have had frequent occa- pils, whose talents will soon surprise Europe. not but pronounce the warmest eulogy upon sion to observe in our reviews of travels, Schools of art are about to be established this super-excellent project. In the first &c. which mentioned that country) offers at Nuremberg, Augsburg, Wursburg, Ratis. place, the influx of the better order of visitors, at the present moment a spectacle of ra- bon, and Bamberg. Nearly eight thousand from the free distribution of some five thou- pidly increasing civilisation, of encourage- valuable pictures, which have been assembled sand free orders, must tend greatly to increase ment to the arts, of the establishment of at Munich, will ornament those towns, which the influx of those polished and well-conducted public institutions, of enlightened protection were the cradle of the arts in the fifteenth and classes of society, who have of late taken afforded by its monarch to every thing con- sixteenth centuries. Two museums, the one Vauxhall so 'completely under their patronage ducive to the national prosperity, which it is ancient, the other modern, have been created and protection. Thus, we shall have the satis- highly gratifying to contemplate, and which at a great expense; and orders have been faction of seeing the same elegance of man. may well be held up for the imitation of given for the formation of a national library. ners, the same propriety and order, the nations of prouder pretensions. At the time All these, and other important objects, the same courteousness and good breeding, pre- of the death of Charles-Theodore (the last king has secured without any augmentation of vail throughout, and to hear the same deli- elector of the Palatine House), Bavaria groaned taxes ; or rather, while making good an old cate language and the same beauties of expres- under a greater load of abuses than any other deficiency, constructing an immense fortress, sion (accompanied by the same appropriate country in the world. Its feeble population, improving the military system, and paving the ness of look, gesture, and action) to which of seven or eight hundred thousand, was in- way for a reduction of duties. Thus the gowe have already become partially accustomed; adequate to the cultivation of the soil ; in- vernment has become at the same time stronger only they will proceed from thousands instead of dustry languished; immense districts were and more popular. Its moderation has passed hundreds of sans souci, sans six sous revellers. wholly unproductive; religious censorship, po. into all hearts. The king has sworn to mainThen again all the complaints of dulness and litical censorship, court intrigues, office in- tain the charter, and the existing rights of the ennui at these henceforward Elysian gardens trigues, monopolies, reversed judgments, tor- people; and the people, on the other hand, must vanish. Only think of the joyous spirit tures, servitude, intolerance, an ignorant are imbued with deep respect for the just prethat will be infused into the general crowd by theocracy, an ill.concealed despotism ; in one rogatives of the throne. The commencement the lucky hundred and eighty 2-bottle ladies word, every vicious element of the old govern- of a Medicean age exhibits itself every where. and gentlemen! The example of their perfect ments,--there exercised their fatal influence. Prosperity pervades the capital and the prohappiness will act as yeast upon the mighty And in fourteen years all has been changed ! vinces; and they combine in honouring their batch, and cause a glorious fermentation of the The deserts have become fruitful; manufac- young monarch, as a benefactor to humanity.-whole unleavened mass. What the still more tures are improving ; commerce rapidly in. Condensed from the Revue Encyclopédique. fortunate holders of the 6, 4, 3, 2, and one-creases ; the arts and sciences flourish; and dozen prizes are to do, we know not; only we four millions of Bavarians are at the head of

DRAMA. trust, for the sake of the ensemble, that every German civilisation! The commencement of drop will be consumed in these festive sports

. this happy

metamorphosis was by Maximilian On Tuesday Mozart's admired opera Così Fan The wines, as may surely be anticipated, Joseph, the first sovereign of the existing Tutte was produced in an English form at this being of the best and purest kinds, will no dynasty; What he began,

Louis, the present theatre, under the odd title of Tit for Tat. doubt be a great temptation to the higher and monarch, has completed, with a wisdom, a more respectable orders of citizens, their wives perseverance, and a self-devotion, worthy of It was what the play-bills would call most and families, to hurry in numbers to Vauxhall: the highest praise. Accustomed from his triumphantly successful, and has been repeated but as we would also humanely like to do earliest youth to serious studies ; formed in every night to crowded houses. The music, something for the gratification of the less ele- the school of the most remarkable men of his under the direction of Mr. Hawes, is, indeed, vated and refined classes, we beg to suggest the age ; for a long time suffering under adversity ;

a supreme treat; and his presiding at the expediency of a “ little go” of gin, and gin and this august prince became wise before he be piano-forte produces an excellent effect through. bitters, for the benefit of parties to whom these came a king, and became great before he out, both on the stage and in the orchestra. potations may be more agreeable. Five hun became powerful

. The early acts of his reign Dorabella

, Miss Betts and Miss Cawse ; De

The parts are cast as follows :-Fiordiligi and dred free tickets, with supper and a quart of evinced a plan which had been nobly pre. Deady's Entire of the first quality, with half meditated. "He cheered up the drooping spirits spina, Mad. Feron; Ferrando and Guglielmo, a pint of " fine old” bitters, would greatly of his subjects. Literary works ceased to be Mr. Wood and Mr. Thorne ; and Alfonso, improve the design, and add much to the hila- submitted to the veto of the censor; the peo- plot, and the awkwardness of having every

Mr. Phillips. In spite of the absurdity of the rity and politeness of the festival. It is true ple resumed their ancient habits ; the charter that gin cannot be bought or made at so cheap of Joseph, completed by the requisite laws, and thing done by couples, (the two ladies, the two a rate as wine, especially the claret and cham- joined to a government wisely monarchical

, lovers, and

the two plotters,) the incidents, sepagne sorts, and therefore even the extravagant and reviving the national glory, threw a new

parately, go off with sufficient effect ; but the managers of Vauxhall might object to this ex- lustre on the Bavarian throne.' Religious dis- charm of all lies in the delicious and varied dulge the public

taste, and
amend the popular parts of the kingdom, and the different

parties played even

more talent than we anticipated. pense ; but we are sure, if they will only in- sensions had manifested themselves in various harmony with which the piece is teeming. The

performers exerted themselves much, and dismorals, by acting on this hint, they will be appeared ady to engage in open conflict. An cheerfully allowed to save the cost in another illustrious example was set them by their Phillips's rich tones are quite

beautiful in the mode. They may discontinue the hydro-pyric prince, who, eminently pious himself, granted as fat and round as a barrel-organ, pouring out

concerted compositions; and Mad. Feron looks fire-works, and all other sights whatever ; for to every sect impartial protection, and cherished her pleasing notes. We ought also to menthe company will be so wrapt in their own in a profound religious peace. Public instruction ternal enjoyments, that they will care for no- had not hitherto been associated with morals. tion the other vocalists with much applause, thing else. The juvenile nights, too, may be the king united them : he endeavoured to for their exertions well merit it, and must

ensure Tit for Tat a prosperous run during more frequently and profitably repeated with procure for his people the benefits of modern

the season. the same entertainments ; and all rational knowledge, without withholding from them parents will take their children, with similar the indispensable consolations of religion and MR. LAPORTE has, we hear, agreed to take views to those of the ancient Spartans on the morality. “ Enlighten and amend my sub- the King's Theatre again next season, giving a days when they exhibited the Helotes in all jects," said he one day to his ministers ; “ for rent of £13,000 instead of £8000. their glory. Upon the whole, we are convinced Christian piety is not the daughter of igthat this scheme will amazingly promote the norance." Neque enim pietas ignorantiæ filia, interests of these well-managed gardens, and — Literature, painting, and sculpture, had The French critics speak in terms of the that they will acquire such influence with the scarcely assumed in Germany a decided cha- highest admiration of Macready's William Tell. community at large as never more to fear any racter. From the sixteenth century, the taste “ Happy are the London authors,” remarks magisterial questioning about licenses : at all of the great, when they had any, exhausted one of them," who possess a poet-actor, ca. erents, they can take license enough, and itself in objects of mere curiosity, or in col. pable of imparting substance and soul to their without encouraging licentiousness, aford the lections formed on the suggestions of individual sketches. It is impossible to approach more


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nearly than Macready does to the ideal of Wil- Sir Walter Scott...The “ Tales of a Grand- that fewer than 24,000 of these communes have iam Tell. His gesture, his walk, his attitudes, father” have been translated into French. schools for boys ; that the schools in those all his manners, are those of a mountaineer. “ The first merit with which one is struck," communes, to the number of 27,000, receive With what ease he handles the iron-pointed says a French critic, “ in reading this history, 1,070,000 children; that the number of girls pole which is to support him on the ice! In composed by Sir Walter Scott for his grandson, educated at schools does not exceed 430,000 ; the commencement of the scene of the oath of is the ingenious and amiable art with which and, consequently, that 4,000,000 of children Rutly, how his voice, summoning his com- the illustrious author accommodates himself to are still in need of instruction. Great hopes rades, resounds among the rocks, and appears so young a mind. His work is, nevertheless, are, however, entertained that this desirable to prolong its echo in the mountains! When, weil deserving the attention of readers of ma- object may be accomplished ; and it is said on his return home, he amuses himself by giv- turer age and more extensive information." that, in the next session, a law on the subject ing his son a lesson on the bow, all his move- By way, I believe, of raising the wind, Mr. will be proposed for the consideration of the ments are simple, beautiful, true.

Cartigny, of the Théâtre Français, who is con- French chambers. a poor old man, whom the cruel Gesler has just sidered a distinguished actor, has commenced M. Chloris.-- This young Russian (the son, deprived of sight, appears ! Behold, how all giving lessons of declamation in the Rue Chan- however, of German parents), who was an Tell's faculties are suspended! His whole soul tereine; where the curious, who wish to see artist of considerable talents, and who at twenty is concentered in the look with which he re- the rise and progress of theatrical talent, may, years of age accompanied Kotzebue in his voya gards the miserable sufferer. At length, his on condition of argent comptant, witness the per- age round the world, has lately, we are con passion bursts forth in imprecations; it is so formance of young beginners.--Paris Letter. cerned to say, been assassinated at Mexico. terrible and vehement, that it suffocates him; America. The following is said to be (as An English gentleman, of the name of Hen. he calls for water, which he is unable to drink. far as it goes) a correct statistical view of Ame- derson, who was travelling with him, was se But he will punish the crime !-that thought rica, at the close of the year 1826 :

verely wounded, but escaped. consoles him. To these follow a succession of

Ultramarine.Artificial ultramarine, said to scenes, which must be witnessed by those who •spasso A 2 : :

be of a better quality than the finest specimens wish to know how far the force of action can

of natural ultramarine hitherto exhibited in the go, and what a crowd of profound, tender, and


shops, is now selling in Paris at twenty-five vehement feelings Macready is gifted with the

francs (about a guinea) an ounce ; being a power of expressing. Never did we observe a

third of the price of the best natural ultrawhole audience experience a more overwhelm

marine. ing or a more prolonged emotion.”


A small volume, to be entitled Hints to Counsel, Co. French Press.-During the last year, the

roners, and Juries, on the Examination of Medical Wit"uogiendo

nesses, by Dr. Gordon Smith, will shortly appear. number of successful prosecutions against the

Mr. B. R. Green is preparing for publication a Numisperiodical press in Paris was six ; that of suc.

matic Chart, comprising a series of 350 Grecian coins of cessful prosecutions against the periodical press

kings, arranged in chronological order, from their ear. liest

period to the beginning of the fourth century, exein the departments, three. The number of suc- səlly airnbs

cuted on stone: the gold and bronze coins to be coloured. cessful prosecutions against the other branches

The object of the undertaking will be the elucidation of

Grecian History through the medium of coins. The of the press was in Paris four ; in the depart

selection will chiefly comprise the series of the Macedoments, three.

nian and Sicilian kings, the various kingdoms of Asia Balloons.--Balloon ascents have long ceased

Minor, those of Egypt and Numidia, of Syria, Parthia,

and Armenia. The work will be accompanied with deto have any philosophical or useful purpose

scriptive letter-press, and dedicated, by permission, to the attached to them; and have become mere pup.

Earl of Aberdeen. pet-shows, the more or less attractive as the

A sixth edition of Montgomery's Oinnipresence of the

Deity is about to appear. fools who go up with them run the more or

In the Press.-Conversations on Geology, in a duodecimo less risk. Of this we have had two specimens

volume, with Engravings. this week; one near Manchester, where a person of the name of Green mounted with a bal.

A Spinster's Tour in France and Italy, 12mo. 108. 6ida

bds./Stafford on Strictures of the Urethra, 8vo. 6s. bds. loon so torn that the gas escaped at several

-Duppa's Travels in Sicily, post 8vo. &e. bds.--Captain holes, and he could only be whirled aloft, cling

Beauclerk's Journey to Marocco, 8vo. ll. 18. bds---Miting to a hoop, for six or eight minutes, by the

chell on the Ergot of Rye, 8vo. 6s. bds.-Pinnock's Gram

mar of Modern Geography, 18mo. 58. sheep-Burrows on crazy engine: and another near London, also

Insanity, 8vo. 1&s. bds.--Stewart's Compendium of Moby an individual called Green, who rose on the

dern Geography, 18mo.38. 6d. sheep.-Anderson's Sketches

of the Ancient Native Irish, 12mo. 58. 6d. bds.-Leslie's back of a pony. We do not know that the

Rudiments of Plane Geometry, 8vo. 78. Gid. bds. police have a right to interfere with the actions Paratonnères.- A powder-magazine at Bayof any ass, if confined to himself ; but, surely, onne was lately struck with lightning, although METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL, 1828. on the Martin-et Act against cruelty to ani, furnished with a paratonnère constructed on July.

Barometer. mals, a horse may be protected from such ridi- principles hitherto supposed to be completely Thursday,



73. cule and danger. Luckily, on the present efficacious. The subject has been submitted to


29.49 occasion, the modern Pegasus had merely a the consideration of the Académie des Sciences, Sunday capriole in the air ; and the badauds of Lon- in order that, if possible, the cause of the acci- qanday don were hugely delighted with the sight of a dent may be detected, and the means provided Wednesday 23

- 70. horse and another beast of a not very different of preventing its recurrence.

Wind prevailing S.W. species flying in the clouds together.

Electricity.-By various experiments recently

Generally cloudy, with almost incessant rain.

Rain fallen, 1.175 of an inch. The French child, mentioned in our Paris made to ascertain the electrical effects which

July. letters, with the name of Buonaparte on its result from the friction of metals with one an- Thursday.. 24 From 68. to 64. eye, has come to London for a show; and it other, it appears, that in the following order, Friday, is said that Mr. Hamlet has offered £10,000 viz.-bismuth, nickel, cobalt, palladium, pla- Sunday.... 27

Saturday for it, to attract folks to his Bazar !!

tina, lead, tin, gold, silver, copper, zinc, iron, Monday Denmark.—The number of periodicals of all cadmium, antimony, each metal is positive Wednesday 30 kinds in Denmark amounts in the present with reference to the metals which precede it, Prevailing wind N.W. and S.W. year to eighty. M. Gräter, of Ulm, who and negative with reference to the metals Except the 29th and 30th, generally cloudy, with fre,

quent heavy showers. stands so high for his knowledge of northern which follow it. literature, has given, in No. XCIII. and Education in France. At a recent meeting

CHARLES H. ADAMS. XCIX. of the Ausland, an excellent account of of the Society in Paris for the promotion of Latitude... 51° 37' 32" N.

3 51 W. of Greenwich. all the periodical works now extant in Den- elementary instruction, one of the secretaries Longitude oss o mark, as communicated to him by a learned (read a paper, from which it appears, that the

TO CORRESPONDENTS. friend and native of the country. The first number of children in France to whom it is The foolish, not to say impertinent, letter of thanks for Danish newspaper, it appears, was published desirable to communicate this instruction is our notice of some Music on the 12th of July, inust proin 1644, in the reign of Christian IV., under about 3,500,000,--2,750,000 boys and as many racter of the intemery Gaceto, As It Is anonymoua, we çag

ceed either from female or foreign ignorance of the cha. the title of Der ordinare Courant,

girls that the number of communes is 39,381 :) only, ugyal, benet a charity

Names of the Countries.

Empire of the Brazils :..............
The United States of North America ....
The United States of Mexico. ...........
The United States of Central America ..
The Republic of Columbia ......
The Republic of Lower Peru .....
The Republic of Higher Peru ......
The Republic of Chili ...................
The United States of the Rio de la Plata
The Republic of Hayti ................
The Directorate of Paraguay.
English America......
Spanish America

French America ·
Danish America
Dutch America
Russian America




.. 19

From 55. to 74.

55. 70.
47. 64.
48. 66.

20 21

29.58 to 29.48 29.44 29.41 29.44 29.57

29.24 29.50 29.57 29.03

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