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our first architect of taste and genius, intro-|cellaneous, such contrasts 'may be employed to
duced the mixed Greek and Roman architecture, heighten the relish of beauty, without disturb. On the Landscape Architecture of the Great and often added them to our own national ing the enjoyment of it by any appearance of
Painters of Italy. By G. L. M., [Gilbert style ; but at a long interval, Lord Burlington deceit or imposture. In a matter, however, Laing Meason,] Esq. 4to. pp. 147. Lon- shewed us the beauty of the pure Palladian which affords so wide a field for the licentious don, 1828. Carpenter and Son.
To the Palladian villas deviations of whim and caprice, it may be disIn this volume (of which it appears that only succeeded the Roman style, in which the two creet always to pay some attention to autho-150 copies have been printed, for private cir- brothers, the Adams, excelled beyond all com-rity; especially when we have such authorities culation, and not published) one of the most petitors. But when a taste for any particular as those of the great landscape painters above interesting and important branches of the Fine style of architecture passes away, it is too com- mentioned, the study of whose works may at
Arts_architecture is taken up in a very novel mon to laud the new and decry the old, with once enrich and restrain invention." manner, and is admirably treated, not only
out measure and reason. We may safely allow In furtherance of this object of the composi. connected with another branch of the fine the Grecian school the first place in architec- tion of irregular buildings, in the mixed style of Arcsapainting—but with reference to its own tural rank ; but for domestic application, the architecture thus pointed out by Mr. Knight, origin, qualities, and effects.
Italian is decidedly more useful, and within the author of the work before us strongly reThe author commences his work by an essay the reach of our comforts and habits ; and in commends a study of the back-grounds of the on domestic architecture, in which he justly these objects, we consider the Grecian quite out historical works of the great Italian painters, attributes the rise and progress of architecture of place for a country residence. But in pass- in which buildings are introduced, either to generally to religious zeal; and after enume- ing from the Italian decorated style, we ran connect the ground and throw off the distance, rating some of the magnificent and venerable into the opposite extreme; and the most clumsy or to fill up too much vacancy in the off-scape. edifices which that zeal, aided by public spirit mass of masonry that any country ever pro
“ If (he observes) we may judge of this inci. or national pride, has constructed in various duced was adopted. It was a tasteless heavy dental architecture of the great painters of countries, describes the advance from the rude cube, with no other claim to any style than a Italy, we cannot pronounce it either Grecian, dwelling of the individual to the stately man- pediment projecting a few inches beyond the or Roman, or Gothic. It is evidently, of difsion, as tardy compared to the progress of centre division of the front wall, generally un- ferent periods, fortuitously formed by additions public architecture. He proceeds to treat of supported either by columns or (by] pilasters ; made either to a tower, or to ranges of subdefensive architecture, and traces the similarity and this architectural elevation was termed the structions of an ancient date, as suited the which exists in the construction of fortified Grecian style. While under the influence or convenience or habits of the owners. Its pictutowns and buildings throughout a wide extent fashion of this wretched style, mere working resque effect is produced by contrast and dispoof Asia and Europe; without, however, draw- masons started up as architects;
and the man sition of large broad masses and extended lines, ing the conclusion that in that respect the one of taste, who
travelled to acquire a knowledge which inevitably lead to grandeur. In the outquarter of the world has borrowed from the of his profession, anl studied on the spot the line against the sky there is a balanced variety, other. After learned and interesting descrip- models of Greece and Rome, was about to be if we may so express it, but devoid of that over. tions of the Roman villa, the masonry of Ro- set aside. To this style (not yet entirely ba- done irregularity which hurts the eye more than man architecture, and the architecture of the nished) have succeeded the castellated, termed plain unvaried lines; nor are the towers so middle ages, the author thus speaks of the Gothic, and the priory styles ; and, in many crowded upon one another, as we have seen in domestic architecture of England:
cases, a mixture of both, where the castle, the some modern irregular architecture ; but well“After the cessation of the wars of the cloister, and the chapel, are joined together in placed projections in the line of the buildings families of York and Lancaster, the fortified a manner not very intelligible ; where the produce their full effect of light and shade.* style of architecture was gradually abandoned towers are mere staircases, the cloisters public In executing such a style of rural buildings in England; and as we had no other model of rooms, and the chapel is a good useful kitchen. there is more scope for the taste, invention, domestic architecture than the gable-end cot- Either on account of the expense, or by the and dexterity of the architect, than in common tagę, by the duplication of this simple form, in incongruity of the building, this style also is at regular plans. On his taste, as he is not bound various positions, was constructed what has a stand, and the irregular country house is to any rules, must depend the general effect of been called the old English manor house style. likely to be in fashion.***
his composition, adapted for the site ; on his in. If we take a common two-floored English The author now enters on the main subject vention, for the production of those broad masses gable-end cottage, add to it one, two, or three of his work—the Landscape Architecture of and varied outline ; and on his dexterity, for cottages, side by side, of the same size; and, in the Italian Painters ; and acknowledges that the appropriation of so irregular a building to order to gain rooms out of the roof on the sides the hint of it originated in the following pass the wants, convenience, and comforts required of this double or triple cottage, raise gable-ends age in Mr. Payne Knight's Analytical Inquiry in a country house, suitabl
to the habits and either projecting from the ground to the top of into the Principles of Taste :
fortune of the proprietor. Throwing aside the the roof, or merely raised from the eaves-drop; “ The best style of architecture for irregular trammels of the regular Greek and Roman if we insert broad low windows, divided by and picturesque houses which can now be school of architecture, an endless yariety opens simple wooden or stone mullions, in these pro-adopted, is that mixed style which characterises up to the architect. In these schools certain jecting gable-ends, and similar windows at the the buildings of Claude and the Poussins ; for fixed proportions and arrangement of parts are ends of this double or triple cottage ; ornament as it is taken from models which were built already laid down to him. He can only slightly the inclined sides of the gable-ends above the piece-meal, during many successive ages, and depart from the standard: he may transpose, eaves-drop by steps, or small pinnacles, or both; by several different nations, it is distinguished but cannot invent: he may load with ornathen add a parapet,
plain or embattled, we have by no particular manner of execution or class ment merely to hide the copy; and thus the a manor house in the most florid style. Many of ornaments, but
admits of all promiscuously, simple front is broken up by columns, or half, such houses came afterwards to be adorned by from a plain wall or buttress of the roughest or quarter columns, and pilasters, supporting a centre of architectural decorations, in which masonry to the most highly wrought Corin- pediments raised up on arcades, or on a kind Roman, Grecian, and Gothic, were strangely thian capital: and in a style professedly mis- of stylobate reaching to the first floor. The mixed. There is, however, a certain degree of
architect, besides, can with difficulty indulge antique like grandeur in such houses which
* We trust that the Tudor style, the most picturesque “ A friend of taste and discernment has on this sub produces a very striking impression. This of them all, and the fittest for the climate and habits of ject often exclaimed :- Give me but the management of step towards a better style took place before this country, will speedily supersede every other, as the the doors and windows, chimneys
and sky-line of a house, the time of Inigo Jones, Inigo Jones, I promises. Ed. L. Ga growing taste for that beautiful architecture strikingly although the front be as flat as a cotton-mill, I can con-
trive to meke ke picturesque.?".
his employer in that desire, which many have,
three pistorines, called on him for his blessing. to build a house not exactly like to any other. Journey to Marocco. By Captain G. Beauclerk. A sort of pause then ensued; and the old This irregular style requires no ornaments, yet
8vo. pp. 355. London, 1828. Poole and fellow seenied to be mumbling something to
Edwards. they may be admitted in the cornices, the win.
himself, as he counted his beads, and turned dows, and door-ways, so as to accord with the CAPTAIN BEAUCLERK having, together with his eye-balls towards the heavens. Never was irregular style, and, at the same time, not dimi- another military officer, Mr. Murray, accom- the oracle of Delphos more intently watched nish the general effect of the edifice. Modern panied Dr. Brown, of the Royal Medical Staff, by the heathen worshipper than was this saint regular architecture some years ago ran into from Gibraltar to Marocco, where the Sultan by the Moors who had gathered round him ; excess of ornament; and such excess is sure to had requested his advice and assistance, this and when he did speak, which was in short make great buildings look small, by dividing volume is the literary result of his journey. broken sentences, they caught at each word the whole into many parts, not obviously con- Belonging to the Welsh fusileers, the noble with a degree of superstitious avidity that is nected. It is almost needless to add, that what captain does not pretend to the most classical inconceivable to those who are unacquainted has been said of this irregular style applies en- or philosophical accomplishments; but, under with the gross ignorance of a Moor. After tirely to country residences. In city architec- the idea that an account of his travels, even one of these long pauses, which we expected ture, the Grecian, the Roman, the Italian, and succeeding those of Ali Bey, might contribute was to produce some artful double entendre, the Tuscan, can alone be employed."
something to the amusement of the public, he the venerable old rogue turned suddenly to. Some judicious and valuable remarks succeed has ventured to take the pen for the sword, wards Mr. Murray, and begged a pistorine on Tuscan and Gothic architecture; and the and to spill ink instead of blood. “ Hope towards the increase of his charitable fund. volume concludes with a detailed description of not, therefore (says he, truly enough), hope For a moment that gentleman was so astothe lithographic plates by which it is illustrated. not, reader, to be rocked into an easy slumber nished at the demand, and so unwilling to They are nearly sixty in number, and are exe- by long and learned quotations from profane subscribe to such disgusting imposition, that cuted by Mr. H. W. Burgess, who, in a very writers, tending to prove what can alone be he hesitated complying ; but Hadge Hadoud, tasteful and masterly manner, has introduced interesting to dusty book-worms and musty who had been anxiously watching the issue into them specimens of architecture found in antiquaries ; but, if you are content to ac- of the scene, begged of him to give the money the back.grounds of pictures by Dominichino, company me in my vagaries as a citizen of for him. Seeing the anxiety of our friend, Raphael, Titian, Nicolo Poussin, Paul Vero- the world, and take the rough and smooth as the Hadge, Mr. Murray immediately gave the nese, Claude Lorraine, Tintoretto, Albano, it may occur, jump up behind me on my pistorine, which the saint pocketed with unMola, Gaspar Poussin, A. Caracci, Swanevelt, mule's back; his paces are irregular, 'tis true; | blushing coolness. After having staid about Philippo Lauri, Guido, Moucheron, Michael but though he may often stumble, I trust we a quarter of an hour, our unwelcome guest Angelo, Guercino, Lavinia Fontana, Baptista shall find that he reaches his journey's end took his leave, followed by the posse which Franco, Palma Vecchio, Benazzo Gozzoli, Gior- without falling to the ground."
had attended him to our house. He was a gioni, Breemberg, Andrea Mantegna, Julio With every disposition to accept the excuses man about five feet eight inches in height, Romano, Sermonita, Giotto, Leonardo da Vinci, made by the author for his authorship, we and appeared to be between seventy and eighty Parmegiano, Pontormo, Andrea del Sarto, Sal. must notice, that the mule does stumble a years old. His head and features were reguvator Rosa, &c.
little more palpably than we can think allow. lar, and his eyes remarkably sharp and brilWe cannot close our notice of this elegant able. There is a frequent freedom of allusion liant. At first his venerably white beard, and volume better than by quoting the following and expression which might well enough befit a silly imbecile look that pervaded his countepassage from it, in assertion of the claims of the mess-room narrative after dinner, but nance, made me imagine that he was half the Fine Arts to honourable distinction and which is unbecoming in a printed book, in. idiotical; but when he was quietly seated near the gratitude of mankind :
tended for general circulation. And we are the light, I looked long and steadfastly at his “ The primitive times have been, from the the more sorry for this deformity, because, countenance, and could perceive that it dis. dawn of poetry, held up to the imagination as in other respects, though it tells us very little played marks of the deepest cunning concealed the days of innocence and virtue ; and moralists of either new or rare, there are a pleasantry under a most hypocritical surface. When he have maintained, that the absence of the Fine and easy communicativeness in Captain Beau- was gone, Hadge Hadoud told us, with a very Arts is favourable to the morals and industry, clerk’s volume which render it very agreeable grave countenance, that this was one of the to the energy and independence, of a people; reading, and put us on excellent terms with greatest saints in the kingdom ; that every while their cultivation laid nations open to the the writer, We ever and anon wish that, one who entered Arzela repaired to his house, inroads of enervating luxury and debilitating like Barney in the ballad, he would " leave and after having asked permission to proceed refinement. But the history of these arts dis- the girls alone;" but they never cross him on his journey, gave him whatever money he proves altogether such theories. In Egypt, that he does not fall into such glowing de- desired, which, of course, was regulated by the their cradle, they flourished most when she scriptions as force the Fusileers and Wales, riches or poverty of the supplicant; that even was a powerful country, and had rendered her with its kindred goats, all into the moving pano- the sultan presented him with a large purse narrow territory the most fertile. In Greece, rama. However, we have nothing to do with when he passed that way; and that accord. they arrived at perfection when more energy these siroccos of the gorget and sash; and ingly he was considered to bave amassed an of intellect and more splendid deeds were dis- shall, with leave, (avoiding all indecencies) enormous sum of money, of which, however, played than perhaps the world may ever again proceed in regular marching order, land at he declares he throws a great part into the contemplate and admire. In Asia Minor, they Tangiers, and continue our route by. Avyela, sea annually. He further told us, that the were maintained while the successors of Alex. Rabat, Sallée, &c. &c., to Marocco. A day's saint was in the habit of doing a great many ander, with a handful of Greeks, kept in sub- journey from Tangiers, the cavalcade, or mule- charitable acts among the poor of Arzela, and mission, and at the same time enlightened, the caid (if more correct), fell in with a Moorish that he was served daily with fifty dishes of former subjects of the great Persian monarchy. saint.
various sorts; that at least a hundred persons In Italy, they concentrated from subdued states, “ In the midst of our supper a noise was partook of this feast; and that his house was and were cherished when the empire of Rome heard from without, and shortly after a mi. a sanctuary for all persecuted persons, from comprehended the fairest part of the earth, and serably clad, dirty old man entered the apart- which no authority dared to drag them. I the most civilised portion of mankind,' when ment, supported by two Moors, and followed had heard Hadge Hadoud previously mention the gentle but powerful influence of laws and by a host of ragamuffins. This procession no this saint ; but I had no idea that a man of manners had gradually cemented the union of sooner appeared at the door, than Hadge Ha- generally liberal notions, who had lived among the provinces. And again, after a dark period doud (a respectable merchant who was travel. enlightened people so long as he had, could be of intervening barbarism, the descendants of ling with our countryman) started from his so blindly bigoted as to believe in the sanctity the Romans restored to light, almost miracu- seat, crying Santo! Santo! and rushing up of such a disgusting old hypocrite as our visitlously, the treasures of ancient wisdom ; the to the old man, he kissed his shoulders and or. At first, indeed, I thought that he merely philosophy, the history and jurisprudence, the hands, and seemed ready to drop on his knees followed the stream, which it would have been poetry and oratory, of Greece and of Rome. in adoration of this perfect monster. After a folly to have stemmed, but I soon found that All Europe became gradually enlightened by few compliments, we were introduced to him, he swam rather than floated with the current; this collected knowledge, which has left us and he assured us that he was glad to see us, for, before we left Arzela, he repaired to the little else to do on such subjects than to ex- and that good would attend us wherever we saint, and having obtained his permission to pand, to vary, and to imitate : then did the went. We then all sat down, while continual proceed on his journey, he also begged for his Fine Arts revive and Aourish, while every fresh arrivals of Moors were kissing the hem protection, which the other granted, telling petty stata nf Italy displayed a vigour and of his filthy garment. Our guards came to him that nothing but good awaited him, and energy not unworthy of the Grecian era," him also, and putting into his hands two or then asked him for some money for sharity, The Hadge then proceeded to lay down one times her mind appeared so abstracted, thats us a hint in Spanish 'not to offend the com, pistorine after another, while the saint con- she did not seem aware of our presence, and pany by our fantasia,' but to do as others did, tinued saying more, more, until thirty-two of frequently shook back her long dark tresses, we gave up all our scruples of delicacy, and feli them had found their way into the old fellow's and drew her hand across her forehead, as if to with so good a grace upon the baked mutton, pocket. A saint in Barbary is either a natural endeavouring to meet her absent thoughts. that we soon convinced the Moors that we idiot or an hereditary saint, there being saint At last she assured us, that every good would knew the way to our mouths without the help families in abundance. They are treated with attend us during our stay at Marocco, and the of knives and forks. Bunches of delicious the greatest respect ; every one gives them scene ended by a short prayer, which she grapes were handed round to us to eat with money; and when they die, they are entombed mumbled to herself, followed by another in our meat,-a custom well worthy the notice of with some other saint, generally on the border which she was joined by all the company pre- those qui vivent pour manger ; and to please of a lake or river. I know of no greater or sent. They then all knelt down, and bowing the Moors you must adopt this maxim. It was more striking proof of the lamentable igno- their heads to the ground, kissed the hem of in vain that I declared to Hadoud that I had rance of this nation, than their belief in the her garment, and took their leave. Just, bow- amply satisfied my appetite ; he kept groping sanctity of these rogues and idiots,—the lu- ever, as we were going away, she begged the about the dish, exclaiming, Mira, mira, as he crativeness of whose profession excites hun doctor to look at a relation of her’s, who was beld up between his thumb and fingers the fat dreds to assume the maniac; and they are, then in the house, and troubled with weak parts of the meat, which I was forced to accept. consequently, to be found in abundance in eyes. She then pointed to a door which was He declared that we had not eaten half a din. every town in the kingdom.”
just enough open to allow of our seeing a pair ner; and he told us that when the Moors had No doubt they will; and in every country of bright and dangerous-looking orbs, which eaten so much as to make it uncomfortable to where impostors can subsist without labour appeared to me to have no reason to be called themselves, they rubbed their stomachs against there will be plenty of impostors, no matter weak. A round, snowy arm, decorated with a the wall, by which they were enabled to conwhat pretence, religious, political, or quackish, huge silver bracelet, was thrust out through tinue their feast; and that by taking large serve their purpose. A female saint, met with the opening for the doctor's inspection ; for draughts of water at intervals, they reani, afterwards at Rabat, seems to have been a still these people imagine that every disease of the mated their appetites and prevented repletion. more remarkable character.
body is to be judged of by the pulse. We were Basins of cold water were then brought to us, “ In passing (the captain states) through a not aware, until we left the female saint, how and we washed our hands, whilst the black narrow street, we inquired if a light could be great an honour had been conferred on us by slaves carried away the mangled remains of the procured for our cigars, upon which the black our admission to her presence. She is, as meat, and placed them before the basha and, eunuch ran into a house and obtained us one, Hadoud told us, one of the most celebrated his ministers, who all huddled round the dish, when one of the soldiers told me that this was saints in the kingdom. He added, that the and gave us a very fair specimen of what a the house of a female saint, whereupon I im- sultan sends her, every now and then, a hun. Moor can eat. I shall never forget the amusea mediately inquired if we might be allowed to dred dollars, and waits upon her in person; ment afforded us by the contrast between our see her. The eunuch being informed of my and that every one who comes to Rabat makes friend Blue Beard, and an old, lean-faced, desire, went into the house again, and pre- her some present; that she had very great spare-ribbed secretary, who sat opposite to him, sently returned with permission for us to enter; powers of prophecy; and that we should find and seemed to be his partner in the royal and we were immediately ushered into the pre- how every thing would come to pass as she had game of eating; and well they played it too, sence of the saint. She was seated cross-legged predicted. We asked Hadoud why he had not for their hands were in long after those of the upon a carpet, and rested her back against the been to see her; he replied, that her eyes were rest of the party were out. For some time the wall. Her person, which was fat, was entirely so touching, that he was afraid of committing longitude of the quill-driver seemed well calenveloped, from the neck downwards, in a so great an impiety as that of being more culated to compete with the latitude of Blue dark green cloak; her head was small and pleased with the sight of her charms as a Beard's belt; and they would probably have round, her eyes brown, and possessing great woman, than her presence as a saint. This shared the food between them, but that the brilliancy, and a small mouth and good teeth delicacy of our friend reminded me of that feel- latter was supplied with a most invincible set added expression to a countenance not regu- ing, the reverse of which actuated Don Juan in of masticators, of four-jaw power, which con. larly pretty, but very pleasing and good- bis devotions, when, as Lord Byron says, tinued for some time, like the stones of a humoured. She had, however, seen her best • He turn'd from grisly saints, and martyrs hairy."" stopped mill, to grind without grist, from their days, although she appeared to be only about Our next quotation describes a characteristic own momentum, while the efforts of the se. five-and-twenty years old. Her greatest charm feed given by the Basha of Sallée.
cretary had long ceased from weakness. Coffee was her hair, which fell down upon her shoul. “ An English tea-board then made its re- was now served, and we lighted our cigars and ders in natural silken ringlets of the most spectable appearance, attended by a tea-kettle walked out into the garden, whilst the doctor brilliant jet. Never do I remember to have of steam-engine dimensions, and covered with remained with the basha, who wished to con, seen so beautiful a head of hair. We made mutilated coffee-cups of all ages, shapes, and sult him concerning his health.” our salams, and she pointed to her carpet, sizes ; and two large bowls of curious Fezzan The heat at Marocco was so excessive, that desiring we would be seated. Our guards fell earthenware, full of rich milk, formed the ad- our party were confined by illness nearly all down, and touching the hem of her garment vance-guard of the motley Chinese corps drawn the time they were there,--about two months. with the most profound veneration, kissed their up behind them. Almond - paste cakes and The sultan treated them civilly and hospitably, hands, and then seated themselves around her. sweetmeats were then handed round, the mak. -and, indeed, their general reception spoke She opened the conversation by wishing us joy ing of which is the business of the harem much in favour of the good dispositions and of our safe arrival at Rabat, and promising us ladies ; and here I may mention, that I have kindness of the people. The monarch suffered a speedy termination of our journey, and a seen such a vast variety of finely made pastry from a disorder which rendered horse-exercise most favourable reception by the sultan. She at weddings in this country, as would have dangerous ; but he declared he must ride in the then asked which was the doctor, and upon his caused a Parisian pastry-cook' to die of envy. midst of his chiefs and subjects, or he could be being pointed out to her, she held out her We had scarcely finished our tea, when a huge no sovereign : thus he will probably die of the hand for him to feel her pulse. She com- baking-dish was set before us, containing saddle, and be succeeded by his son, now eleven plained of cold and sore throat, for which he nearly half a sheep, and so exquisitely dressed, years old, and only afflicted with the “ Scotch promised to send her some physic. She then and so finely flavoured, as to surpass any dish fiddle.” His reign will be over a population turned suddenly to me, and said that the I have ever partaken of. My companions thus described :two I had left at Gibraltar were very well, and fully agreed with me; and we were preparing
6. The inhabitants of this kingdom may be that I should find the young one on my return to do justice to its merits, when we missed the comprised in five different classes,-viz. the as I left her;' then addressing Mr. Murray, knives and forks. The basha, seeing what we Moors or white Mahometans, the Half-Castes, she promised him happiness of the same sort. stood in need of, sent immediately for what in the Jews, the Arabs, and the Negroes. The All this was said without the least appearance Barbary are considered superfluous articles of white Moors and the Half-Castes (their children of premeditation ; on the contrary, from the luxury, where the use of knives and forks has from black slaves) are an indolent race, en. suddenness with which she turned from one not yet superseded that of the fingers; but tirely abandoned to the sensual pleasures of the subject to another, and the wild abstracted Hadoud, seizing on the joint before him, began harem. look of her countenance, she seemed incapable to pull it to pieces with his fingers, and culling “ The Moors are decidedly a very handsome of dwelling long on any subject. It was ludi- the choicest and fattest parts, he offered them and finely proportioned people. With height crous to observe with what intense interest her to us ; at first we hesitated, from the force of of figure they possess small-boned limbs, and audience listened to tho 10080, incoherent sen. cleanly habit, in receiving these delicate morsels remarkably delicately shaped hands and feet, tancos which ar intervals she uttered, Arl from the hands of the hadge s but on his giving Ax a proof of the former, I have examined
numbers of their sword hands, which weapons and also try the patience of a great majority of | but seldom availed the culprit; while the being made in a particular manner to fit the readers. For ourselves, not having an infinity wiser were willing to leave their boys uncon. hands, are very much too small for the admis- of time to waste, we confess that we consider ditionally in his hands, especially when they sion of an English fist ; yet, like the blood- much of the Parriana to be a burlesque upon understood that he was so good-natured as to horse, fineness of make does not stamp them as minute biography; and the whole an ex- allow us to fill his wig with twisted papers, devoid of strength.
ample of that sort of mountain birth, from the like quills upon the fretful porcupine. How. “ The Half-Castes, or the offspring of the throes of which mice are the product. The Pre-ever, i have occasionally seen a terrible exeblack concubines, are a hardier race of men face to Mr. Barker's contribution in this line cution, but it was for some gross moral de. than the white Moors, and much more numerous. dwells on " the grandeur and importance of linquency, when the Doctor assumed a most Their colour is a clear bronze, and to this they the subject,” as if all the men of the earth had serious air. I recollect one of the bigger boys for often conjoin the bold prominent outline of the walked under the legs of Dr. Parr, while he his own purpose had copied the Doctor's hand. eastern features of their fathers.
bestrid the narrow world like a Colossus of writing : when the discovery was made, the “ The Jews, I should imagine, form at least unparalleled learning and genius : in short, the Doctor brought the paper into the school, and the third part of the population of the towns apotheosis of this able, but by no means so very summoning the offender, soon brought him to in this country. The successive sultans who extraordinary, human being is carried to a pitch tears; he pointed to the writing, saying, have ruled over these dominions, have found of gross and ludicrous absurdity. Yet, after. These scratches are more like gallows than it their interest to protect the lives and pro- all, the volume before us is a very ill-arranged my hand, and the gallows are like to be,' &c. perty of Israel's fated race, and to encourage and bungling affair; and no wonder, for we &c.; he was held out and flogged in the most their desire for trade, by which policy they are told that in the selection of the topics" for severe manner, while some keen reproof acare enabled by more means than fair taxation it (can such be called a selection ?), the author companied every blow. I believe the Doctor to raise large sums of money upon an emer- has been guided chiefly by the facility with retained his principles on this subject, and, if gency: but with the cunning of a rat-catcher which they could be put into the hands of the report says true, his practice also, after he (who never destroys his own trade), they take printer. We should make a pretty Literary ceased to keep a public school: I have heard care not to disable their victims by these re. Gazette were we to follow such a rule! With- hints of a slaughter-house at Hatton; and peated loans, as they are called. A very little, out having room for an omnium-gatherum, some years ago, when I asked him whether he however, suffices to set a Jew up again in like Mr. Barker, we should fashion a sheet of did not feel some compunction for having business, so persevering is his pursuit of that ill-digested slip-slop, and weary our readers given us so much torture, he replied, in a loud wealth which he knows but conduces in the with long passages that led to nothing, tire- and good-natured tone, You rogué, it would end to purchase him the bastinado. In all some controversies about matters utterly dead be worse for you if I had you now.." the towns of the kingdom, except Tangiers, to interest, and repetitions of the most formal, From the witness who penned this glowing the Jews are allotted a separate quarter from pedantic, and insignificant character. This is picture, à posteriori, we have testimony very the Moors, at the gate of which a caid is called obtaining “ the fullest information,” and, little favourable to Dr. Parr, either as a placed, with authority to prevent the entrance we may add, bestowing all a compiler’s tedious-churchman or a teacher. of their Moorish brethren, and at night the ness upon your worship. That nothing, ab- “ He would often (says his quondam pupi!) gate is closed, and the keys taken to the house solutely and literally nothing, about Dr. Parr, speak of orthodoxy with a sneer ; but this of the governor.
his habits, his gossip, his wig, his looks, his might arise from a consciousness of his vast “ It is impossible to find a finer race of men, least actions, might perish, Mr. Barker has superiority above others, rather than from any or a more angelic one of females, than are sedulously ransacked his own brain, and, to disbelief of its great truths.” (A poor and in. these people. The Jewish male children are use the expression of a correspondent, pumped sufficient apology.) in their infancy exquisitely beautiful; and it those who could yield ever so little. Every Again : “It is certain that the Doctor's astonishes a stranger not a little, when sur. body has been adjured to pitch bis stone upon attention was particularly directed towards rounded by what might pass for angels and the cairn ; and what with paving-blocks, and those boys whom he saw willing to learn: the cherubim, he looks in vain for a handsome pebbles, and rubbish, a good big shapeless dunces might be dunces for him. I have face amongst the grown-up males. This Itumulus it promises to be.
known boys who had not even the book we attribute to the constant debasement of their To pick this motley pyramid to pieces, and were reading, but one about the same size." minds, in which the thoughts of servility, exhibit the stuff of which it is (up to the pre- We believe this is by far too common a avarice, deceit, and the meanest subtlety, are sent period) composed, would be to make a very practice with schoolmasters, and one that cannot daily gaining the ascendancy over the more dull paper; and we shall, therefore, limit our- be sufficiently reprobated. Instead of doing their radiant virtues of nature, visible in the jocund, selves to a few of the smallest specimens we duty, and taking pains to bring the heavy or open countenance of extreme youth. The can separate from the mass. The following heedless boy forward, they expend all their Jewish, boy has hardly turned his seventh intelligence, from the Doctor's school hours at cares upon the quick and clever lad, whose year, when he is taken in hand by the elder Norwich, is possessed of intense interest, and talents will enable them to make a brilliant brethren, and taught to make the worse its strong points are put in italics accordingly. parade upon examination-day; than which, if appear the better bargain.'”
“ As the best boys were generally in re- truly looked at, nothing can be less to their These extracts afford a fair specimen of the quisition at lesson, of course they came under honour, either as instructors, or as honest men best parts of the work before us; and we have more frequent rebuke of the rod; but for the conscientiously devoted to fulfil the trust reonly to add, that the mission returned by most part we all had our slrare : when a qnes- posed in them. If dunces are to be left dunces Mogadore, where the author alleges very un- tion was not answered in the first instance, it still, it would be but just to return them, with disguisedly that our vice-consul did not conduct was put to every boy with you,'' you,' “ you,' their useless books, to the hands of those himself with commendable liberality towards &c. and the result too often was, “I'll flog you who sent them : if they cannot be taught, it his countrymen. There are some illustrations all: this was immediately done; and it was is a mockery to keep them at school; and if in lithography. The style, we need not say, is my business, as the last in the form, to assist they can be taught (as every one can), it is the worse than careless.
in the operation; and then I came to the sacred business of the master to do his utmost
slaughter last, like Ulysses ; but ere this the to open the paths of knowledge to their minds. Farriana, or Notices of the Rev. Samuel Parr, hand of the executioner was wearied, or his Many a seeming blockhead has turned out a
LL.D.; collected from various Sources, displeasure abated, and it became more a far abler person than the smart favourite of printed and manuscript, and in part writ- brushing than a flogging. I should not call the partial pedagogue. Of the sad trifling, ten by E. H. Barker, Esq. of Thetford, the Doctor's flogging generally severe ; it was examples of inordinate vanity, and recollecNorfolk. 8vo. pp. 663. Vol. I. London, characterised more by frequency than by any tions of what it would have been much better 1828. Colburn.
thing else, as we had never any guarantee for to have left in oblivion, which this work disThe memory of Dr. Parr seems to be so our skin but in the Doctor's good humour. plays almost from beginning to end, we shall fondly cherished by several of his friends, that He would often say, I never flog you in a take no farther notice. There may be private every point connected with it, however trivial passion.' His fame for severity spread a sort friends and acquaintances of the parties to and indifferent, assumes a vast importance in of panic through the city, especially among the whom such silly tittle-tattle may be agreeable ; their eyes, and is thought deserving of an ever- mothers, who would sometimes interpose a re- but for ourselves and the general reader, we Jasting record. How far the public will be of the monstrance, which occasioned a ludicrous scene, must protest, in the name of common sense, same opinion appears to us to be extremely
against all such misuses of precious time. doubtful ; at all events, the volumes published • We have already had Field's and several volumes and announced in relation to the learned Doc. published: Mr. Barker's work is only begun; and Dr. tor's life and writings will try the question-cl pear.
1. Johnstone's life, &c. in eight volumes, la about to ap