Imatges de pÓgina

came, by the same advice, a pupil in the schools We wish our limits would allow us to give bon, on the left bank of the Danube, who of the Académie Royale de Musique. At the some of the anecdotes of Rossini, Colbran, agreed to furnish us with a boat, steersman, time of which I speak she had not made her Pasta, Boisgerard, and other persons of inte- and crew, for the sum of twenty ducats, about public debut in Paris, but all the city was in rest. We must now, however, take our leave ten pounds sterling, and to assure our arrival expectation of witnessing her performance, the of this work; but it would be wrong to con- at Vienna in four days, or four and a half at announcement of which was presently made. clude our remarks without acknowledging how farthest. The boats on the Danube, though After many fixings and postponements of the much we, and we are sure the public will join of various names and sizes, are nearly all of time of her appearance, she at last came out. us in the acknowledgment, are indebted to Mr. one shape. That which I hired is called, in Lord Fife wrote to Mr. Allan on her début :- Ebers for his very novel and entertaining the peculiar patois of the Bavarian boatmen, a • Maria made her debut under great disadvan- volume. The matter and the manner are weitz-Alle, and is the sort of conveyance partages, very much alarmed, and wearied to alike praiseworthy, and the defects too slight ticularly appropriated to private travelling. It death; but the result was most satisfactory to impair the value of the book. Judging from is about forty feet long, and composed of rough for an artist. I believe it is admitted there our own impressions, we think no one will deal planks, nailed rudely together, the ribs has not been so brilliant a début in the memory peruse it without sustained pleasure, and with being of natural branches, and caulked with of any one. The whole house rose and saluted an estimation of its author, as a sprightly, well- moss. In the centre is a kind of awning, or at the end ; of course there are jealousies with informed, and gentlemanlike writer upon a sub- rather hut, of the same unpretending materials. out number. The whole corps are displeased ject in which “ all the world” takes an interest. It is flat-bottomed, as are all the craft upon and agitated ; and the only thing they can

this river, and, in short, is little more than a find to say is, that the house was packed, Descent of the Danube, from Ratisbon 'to large rude punt. Sails are unknown upon the when it had only the night before been known Vienna, during the Autumn of 1827. With Danube ; it is therefore rowed by two men, certainly that she was to appear.' That Lord Anecdotes and Recollections, Historical and and steered by a third, with long clumsyFife did not exaggerate, appeared from the Legendary, of the Towns, Castles, Monas- looking paddles, tied to upright posts, upon communications of Lord Lowther and Mr. teries, &c., upon the Banks of the River. which every now and then water is flung to Bramsen. · The Spaniard,' says the former, By J. R. Planché, Author of " Lays and make them work easy, and avoid ignition. * dances again to-night. Her first début seems Legends of the Rhine,” &c. London, 1828. The coche d'eau, or common passage-boat, is (from what I can collect) to have given general

J. Duncan.

rather larger, and is called a gamsel, or a kellsatisfaction. I think she will be a trump for In addition to the many pleasant evenings haimer. Those used for the conveyance of you ; novelty, beauty, and talent, attract what which the public owe to Mr. Planché as the merchandise are known by the names of hoch. you, as a manager, would desire, namely, a author of some fifty dramas, in almost constant nauen, klobzillen (facetiously termed vessels of full house.'”

representation at one or other of our theatres, the line by Professor Schultes), nebenbeys, We pass on to the subsequent passage, as well as for the agrémens which he has lent schwernmern, &c., all of the same fashion, which records Malle. Mercandotti's marriage. to the concert and drawing-room, by his Le keelless, sailless, their plain deal sides daubed

“Mercandotti, who had been gaining ground gends of the Rhine, and other poetical compo, with broad perpendicular stripes of black paint, till she was at the height of public favour, on sitions set to music, we have now to confess an their only ornament. Some of the larger are the first night of this ballet (the 8th of March) obligation of a different kind. His Descent of nearly one hundred and fifty feet long; and, took the part of the king's page in this per- the Danube, from Ratisbon to Vienna, is a in ascending the river, are towed, four or five formance, and looked and danced it admirably. volume of such varied merit and interest as together, by from thirty to fórty horses. The -Among the number of hearts on whom the to ensure its popular reception for the morning drivers are called jodelen, and a more singular bewitching eyes of the fair

Spaniard had made lounge, the study, and the travelling-carriage, set of beings can scarcely be imagined. In apan impression, was that of a gentleman well and, finally, its safe deposit on the library shelf, pearance they are something between the Engknown as a man of wealth and fashion, Mr. thence to be removed at all times when it is lish dustman and drayman; but the lowest

of Hughes Ball. This worshipper, like many desired to pass a gratifying literary half or either of those worthies might pass for a scholar others, had long and assiduously devoted his whole hour. It is singular, that while we have and a gentleman by the side of a real jodel. attentions to Mercandotti ; but she was one of a multitude of tours of the Rhine, and are as From the moment the Danube becomes navi. those rare examples that now and then occur to well acquainted with the Seine, the Po, and gable, till it is again chained up in ice, these ornament the female biography of the stage, most other continental rivers, as with the fellows never enter the humblest hovel, or mix who, in a situation of all others the most try- Thames, — the Danube, a stream so replete with men of other callings, but even sleep upon ing to the best virtues of woman, preserve with interest, and its banks covered every the river's bank beside their horses. A miser. unsullied the integrity of their reputation. On where with memorable remains, has attracted able superstition exists amongst them. They the 16th March I received a note in the follow. as little notice as the Irtis or the Obi. The believe that some of their

number must every ing words :

present is the first publication on the subject year be sacrificed to the Spirit of the Waters,

16 Mars, 1823. with which we are acquainted ; and, indepen- and, consequently, when an accident occurs, Monsieur,–Ma santé étant extrêmement dently of its perpetual claims to consideration, they all scramble for the drowning man's hat, dérangée, j'ai consulté ma médecin, qui m'a con- as connected with the picturesque in natural but never think of stretching out a finger to seillé d'aller à la campagne pour passer quelque scenery, the curious in legendary lore and an- save him, whom they look upon as a doomed temps: je m'empresse de vous en prévenir afin tiquarian research, and the peculiar in existing and demanded victim. Professor Schultes de que vous puissiez donner mon rôle à une autre manners, possesses at this moment an acci- clares that he once saw five jodelen, with their personne. J'ai l'honneur d'être, monsieur, dental or temporary importance from the pos- horses, precipitated into the river, when their

• Maria MERCANDOTTI.' ture of political affairs, and the movements companions hastily cut the ropes, to prevent The honour of being Maria Mercandotti was of hostile armies.

the rest of the team from following, and drove one which she did not long retain. However, To afford our readers some taste of the ex- on, leaving the poor wretches to their fate.” this plea of illness, which I had at the time no cellent mélange which Mr. Planché has placed . Having descended to Hayenbach, in the Aus. positive reason to doubt, was on the next before us, we shall simply extract examples of trian dominions, we are presented with the night of performance stated as the reason of his narrative, touching the several points to following view:Mademoiselle Mercandotti's non-appearance in which we have just alluded,—the style of tra- “ Nearly facing Waldkirche rises the ruin the ballet. It was soon made public that Mer- velling, the landscapes, the legends, and the of Hayenbach, or Kirchbaum, as it is called by candotti had a more agreeable cause of absence modern aspect of the people.

the schiffers, upon the ridge of the long, lofty, than ill health, and that she accepted the hand “ The regular passage-boat (says the author and nearly perpendicular mountain which teroffered to her, at length, by Mr. Ball

. That at Ratisbon) to Vienna was to start on the fol- minates the chain on this side the valley, and gentleman had on the day before I received lowing morning at eight o'clock, and for the forms a promontory, round which the river, the above note been elected a member of very moderate sum of five florins, not quite ten suddenly and rapidly wheeling, completely Brookes's, had been there at eleven o'clock, shillings English, would have landed me in doubles itself, and enters a narrow defile, the and going thence home, had the same night the Austrian capital in about five or six days, romantic, and I may say awful, beauty of set out for Banff, whicher the lovely Maria according to the weather. But as neither 1 which surpasses all description. So acute is the and her mother in another carriage were also nor my companion was willing, for a slight angle here made by the Danube, that the ruin bound. The marriage, as every body knows, pecuniary consideration, to risk a serious di- of Hayenbach, though consisting of only one took place ; - Mrs. Hughes Ball is well known minution of the pleasures of the voyage, by a quadrangular and not very lofty tower, now as an amiable and estimable woman, whose crowded deck, a filthy cabin, bad company, presents its northern side to the eye in apmanners and disposition ornament the society and miserable fare, I applied to a schiffmeister parently the same situation that it did its in which she moves.”

of Stadt-am-hof, the little fauxbourg of Ratis. southern side scarcely ten minutes before.



Enormous crags, piled one upon the other, to heeded on his ear, as his heart, which had not ture to any of our best and most imaginative the height of from three to four hundred been consulted in the choice of his bride, had painters. The scene is below Ips, in Austria. fathoms; their weather - blanched pinnacles just yielded itself,' rescue or no rescue, to the “ Before us now lay the two Pechlarns, starting amongst the black firs and tangled bright eyes of a young maiden whom he had Great Pechlarn on the right, and Little shrubs that struggle to clothe each rugged py- distinguished from the crowd of beauties that Pechlarn on the left bank. At the first we ramid from its base to its apex, form the graced the lists. Virtuous as she was lovely, determined to breakfast, were it only to feast entrance to this grand and gloomy gorge, Agnes Bernauer had obtained amongst the where the fair Chrimhilt had feasted, in through which the mighty stream now boils citizens of Augsburg the appellation of the

• Die Burg zu Bechelaren.' and hurries, winding and writhing, till at angel :' but she was the daughter of a bather, No relics of the Burg' itself, however, exist length you become so utterly bewildered, that an employment considered at that period, in but an old gateway, some round towers, and wwthing but a compass can give you the slight- Germany, as particularly dishonourable. Re- here and there a few feet of crumbling wall; est idea of the direction of its course. The gardless of consequences, however, he divulged attest the early grandeur of the place, and castle of Hayenbach, which seems to guard his passion, and their marriage was shortly af- fancy fills up the chasms which time has made, this extraordinary pass, belonged in the fifterwards privately celebrated in Albert's castle with court and keep, buttress and battlement, teenth century to the Oberhaimers, the lords of at Vohberg. Their happiness was doomed to crowded with fair damsels and fierce soldiery, Falkenstein and Marsbach, who no doubt found be of short duration. Duke Ernst became all, all abroad to gaze at the advancing pages it admirably situated for the prosecution of that possessed of their secret, and the anger of the ant. There, round that point of land, comes predatory warfare in which they lived, moved, whole house of Munich burst upon the heads the royal fleet, the banners of Hungary, Bura and had their being.' Falkenstein, with which of the devoted couple ! Albert was commanded gundy, Bavaria, Pechlarn, and Passau, fling this castle of Hayenbach, or Kirkbaum, is con- to sign a divorce from Agnes, and prepare im- ing their blazoned glories on the breeze, and founded, lies above Rana, and is not visible mediately to marry Anna, daughter of Duke proudly announcing to the admiring burghers from the Danube, and the same vague tra- Erich of Brunswick. The indignant prince the rich freight of rank and beauty which the dition is attached to each ruin ; namely, that refused to obey ; and being afterwards denied swelling Danube is wafting to their port. Five it was originally built by a knight of the thir- admission to a tournament at Regensburg, on hundred • Kemps of Hungary,' their bright teenth century, who, having slain his brother, the plea of his having contracted a dishonour. hauberks glittering in the sun, crowd the decks passed the rest of his days with an only able alliance, he rode boldly into the lists upon of the first vessels. On the prow of the foredaughter in that castellated hermitage. For the Heide Platz, before the whole company most stands the valiant Markgraf, Rudiger of upwards of an hour we glided through scenes declared Agnes Bernauer his lawful wife and Pechlarn, than whom increasing in sublimity, and calling forth ex- duchess, and conducted her to his palace at

A truer soldier never clamations of wonder and delight, till my com- Straubing, attended as became her rank. Every

Was in this world yborn,' panion and I mutually confessed that we had species of malice and misrepresentation was bending eagerly forward to distinguish, amongst exhausted our stock of epithets, and stood gaz- now set at work to ruin the unfortunate Agnes. the bevy of beauties at the open windows' of ing in far more expressive silence on the stu- Albert's uncle, Duke Wilhelm, who was the the castle, the fair forms of his beloved wife pendous precipices which towered above us, only one of the family inclined to protect her, and daughter. Beneath the rich canopy that almost to the exclusion of daylight, their jagged had a sickly child, and she was accused of shades the deck of yonder bark, with the gilded sides

having administered poison to it. But the oars, now doubling the little promontory, sits • Horrid with fern, and intricate with thorn;' duke detected the falsehood, and became more the peerless bride of the mighty Etzel, but she and on the rapid stream that, like Milton's firmly her friend. Death too soon deprived hears not the shout of welcome that rises on fiend,

her of this noble protector, and the fate of the the shore, she marks not the gay multitudes • Through the palpable obscure tolled out

poor duchess was immediately sealed. Taking that crowd to pay her homage. Her brow, is His uncouth passage :,:

advantage of Albert's absence from Straubing, clouded, her ruby lip quivers, tears like liquid plunged in the womb of unoriginal night and chaos wild."

the authorities of the place arrested her on diamonds tremble upon the long dark silken

some frivolous pretext; and the honest indig- lashes of her downcast eyes; the form of the The pencil of a Salvator Rosa could alone do nation with which she asserted her innocence noble Siegfried is constantly before her. She justice to these wondrous scenes. The grandest was tortured into treason by her malignant hears but the voice of her murdered champion views upon the Rhine sink into insignificance judges. She was condemned to die, and on calling for vengeance ; she sees but the ghastly when compared with the magnificent pictures 'Wednesday, October 12th, 1436, was thrown wound which treachery dealt, bleeding afresh which the Danube here presents us at every over the bridge into the Danube, amidst the at the approach of the dark and deadly Hag. turn. The two rivers would have admirably lamentations of the populace. Having suchen. Yet, passing beautiful is she even in illustrated Burke's Essay on the Sublime and ceeded in freeing one foot from the bonds sorrow, and still warrants the glowing de. Beautiful. Nature has contrasted them pres which surrounded her, the poor victim, shriek - scription of the old minnesænger, Henry of cisely according to the rules he has laid down.” ing for help and mercy, endeavoured to reach Ofterdingen. Of the legends we are tempted to transfer the bank by swimming, and had nearly effected

• From out her brofdeted garments more than one to our pages; they are ex- a landing, when a barbarian in office, with a

Full many a jewel shone,

The rosy red bloomed sweetly tremely pleasing, and add greatly to the enter- hooked pole, caught her by her long fair hair,

Her lovely cheek upon. tainment with which the author has diver- and, dragging her back into the stream, kept

He who would in fancy sified his narrative. Our first is from Strat- her under water until the cruel tragedy was

Paint that lady fair,

In this world has never bing in Bavaria completed. The fury and despair of Albert, on

Seen such beauty rare. " In a small chapel in the churchyard of receiving these horrid tidings, were boundless. As the moon outshineth St. Peter's, in the Alt-stadt, is a red marble He flew to his father's bitterest enemy, Louis

Every twinkling star,

Shedding careless splendour tablet, on which reclines the effigy of a female the Bearded, at Ingolstadt, and returned at

From out her cloudy car; surrounded by the following inscription :. the head of an hostile army to his native land,

So, before her maidens,

Stood that lady bright, ' Anno Domini, mccccxxxvi, xu die Octo- breathing vengeance against the murderers of And higher swelled the spirit bris, obiit Agnes Bernauerin. Requiescat in his beloved wife. The old duke, sorely pressed

Of every gazing knight.' pace.' The fate of this unfortunate lady has by the arms of his injured son, and tormented By her side stands a venerable figure, clad in furnished the subject for a tragedy to the Count by the stings of conscience, implored the me- the gorgeous and sacred vestments of his office. of Torring Seefeld, and one more deeply affect- diation of the Emperor Sigismund, who suc- The flowing stole of embroidered silk, the pala ing is scarcely to be found in the page of his- ceeded after some time in pacifying Albert and lium of cloth of gold, the jewelled mitre, the tory. Albert, the only son of Duke Ernst of reconciling him to his father, who, as a proof gilt shoon,' and the massive, but richly Bavaria, was one of the most accomplished and of his repentance, instituted a perpetual mass wrought, cross and crosier, borne by two of his valiant princes of the age he lived in. His for the soul of the martyred Agnes Bernauer. attendants, distinguish him as the holy Pilfather and family had selected for his bride Albert afterwards married Ann of Brunswick, Igerin, the wealthy and powerful Bishop of young Countess Elizabeth of Wurtemberg. by whom he had ten children.”

Passau, uncle to the queen, and related also to The contract was signed, and the marriage on A wood-cut of the tomb illustrates this sad the noble Rudiger. The pale youth near him, the point of taking place, when the lady sud- tale; and we may here observe, that a well. his hands reverently crossed upon his bosom, is denly eloped with a more favoured lover, John engraved frontispiece of the Emperor of Aus. his clerk Conrad, who afterwards assisted him Count of Werdenberg. The tidings were tria's summer palace, a map, and other embel- to write, in the Latin tongue,' the adven. brought to Albert at Augsburg, where he was lishments, adorn and give further value to this tures of the Nibelungen. On the other hand attending a grand tournament given in honour volume. The following animated description of the lovely Chrimhilt stands the faithful of the approaching nuptials ; but they fell und would furnish materials for an admirable picu Duke Eckewart, who has sworn to escort his

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liege lady to Hungary; and the remainder of sions of its early converts : a number of per- was supposed; for Simon, the Cyrenean, was the flotilla bears the five hundred chosen sons, in succession, for two centuries after substituted in his place, and the Jews in error knights of Burgundy, who follow his stand- wards, are recorded as distinguished leaders of crucified him, while he assumed the form of ard. The vision is over, the airy castle has these wild opinions, which mixed up the sacred Simon, and stood by uninjured, laughing at vanished

truths of the gospel with the fantastic imagina- their folly, and so ascended into heaven invi. • The knights are dust,

tions of a visionary science; and a vast multi. sible to them all, (Irenæus, lib. i. c. 23.)—His Their good swords are rust,

tude of disciples all over the then known world maxim was, · Know all, but let none know Their souls are with the saints we trust." And a rude and solitary boat is rocking under mentioned as a leader of these opinions was their mysteries openly, or divulged them to the

were found to adopt them. The first person you;' and hence his followers never performed the windows of a poor white-washed wirth- Simon, a man of Samaria. He had addicted uninitiated. They denied the resurrection of shaus, which, with half-a-dozen humble cot- himself to occult practices, and had so beguiled the flesh strenuously, and insisted that no protages and some mouldering walls, now marks the understandings of the people, that he per- mise was made about the salvation of the body. the site of the once strong and gay burg of suaded them he was some extraordinary person, (Tertul. de Præs. c. 46.) The opinion they Pechlarn! Rudiger of Pechlarn, as well as and they all affirmed that the man was the entertained of themselves was most extravahis kinsman, the Bishop of Passan, is an histo- great power of God,' (Acts, viii. 9, 34.), gant, founded on the supposed superiority of rical personage. He was count of the frontier “ From hence he went to Rome, and conti-their knowledge and attainments: they esduring the reign of Arnulph, Duke of Bavaria, nued there during the time of Nero's persecu- teemed themselves only, and the members of and died in 916. His son, Markgraf Rudi- tion, and taught his followers that they might their sect, as men; and all the rest of the ger II., died in 943, and with him the direct indifferently conform to the worship of idols ; world, including all other seets of Christians, male line became extinct. The little town and so they escaped the cruelties perpetrated as dogs and swine; and it was constantly in, of Pechlarn is now principally inhabited by upon their more conscientious brethren, (Ori- culcated by Basilides, that his followers should potters."

gen contra Cels. lib. vi.) It appears that he hold no communication with others, and so not We must make room for yet another tale ; had made such a progress in mechanical know- cast their pearls before swine. (Epiph. Hæres, but reserve it till another No.

ledge, that he undertook to fly in the theatre 34.) In order to give greater weight and

before all the spectators, and actually did sup- authority to his doctrines, Basilides composed An Essay on some Ancient Coins, Medals, and port himself in the air, as Arnobius says, in a a gospel, according to the testimony of Origen

Gems; as illustrating the Progress of Chris. fiery chariot, while all the Romans were look- and Ambrosius, which he inscribed with his tianity in the Early Ages. By the Rev. ing at him ;* but he failed in the attempt, and own name.--He died at Alexandria, in the Robert Walsh, LL.D., Author of a “ Jour was crushed with the fall; which the fathers reign of Hadrian, about the time that Barchoney to Constantinople,” &c. &c. Second attribute to the intercession of Peter and Paul, chebas persecuted the Christians. He seems to Edition, enlarged, &c. 'London, Howell and who were at Rome at the time, and witnessed have been the most extraordinary and notori. Stewart.

the experiment: they prayed that the demons ous of all those who deformed Christianity Or the first edition of this work we spoke in who supported him should be made to abandon with their own impurities." the terms of high approbation which its merits him, and the consequence was that he fell to Basilides was followed by Saturninus, whose commanded; but we are disposed to bestow the ground. Many of his opinions and prac- practices and opinions seem less revolting than still higher praise upon the additions now made tices are recorded, and form a strange and de- the rest ; but his successor, Carpocrates,

was a to the Essay, and especially by the introduc- formed picture of the first sectarian in the very extraordinary person indeed. tion of those remarkable specimens of which Christian church. He brought about with him “ His opinions and practices were so wild and only the erudite and curious are aware,--the a woman named Helena, who he affirmed had fagitious, that a writer detailing them says numismatio monuments of the Gnostics. animated formerly the body of her who had his mind shudders at the recital, as altogether

The Gnostics seem to have been the most caused the Trojan war, and by various trans- unfit for Christian ears, for their portentous obscure, and at the same time the most import- migrations had passed into her present form; and horrible turpitude. He was born at Alexant, of the early Christian sects. They are so he said she was the first conception of his mind, andria, and, like Basilides, engrafted his Chrisseldom noticed, that little has been hitherto and by her he had himself created angels and tianity on the monstrous follies of Egypt. He generally known of their practices and opi- archangels; and that by these angels the world too affirmed that the world was made not by nions; yet they were so universally spread, that was afterwards formed,-a fancy which conti- God, but by angels. He admitted, however, the whole Christian church was identified nued to be cherished by all his followers, under that Christ was the son of Joseph, born like with them; and their conduct appears to have different denominationis, for several succeeding other men, and distinguished for his probity ; brought destruction on the entire Christian com centuries. ••• His disciples preserved cer- but affirmed that he himself and his followers munity. The following very curious account tain representations of him ander the form of resembled him in all things, and were more of them is given by Dr. Walsh, previously to Jupiter, to which they annexed great efficacy powerful, inasmuch as they had demons bound his introducing specimens of their strange and and sanctity, and were perbaps the first of and subject to their art, to perform whatever magic coins.

those Christian amulets which afterwards be- task they assigned them. He applied several “At the time that Christianity was promul- came so numerous. The practices of his fol- texts of Scripture to an extraordinary purpose, gated to mankind, the nations under the domi- lowers; as described by Epiphanus, are too foul particularly that of St. Matthew, ' Agree with nion of the Romans, that is, the larger part of to particularise.”.

thine adversary quickly, whilst thou art in the the civilised world, were greatly addicted to Simon was followed by Nicholas, also men. way, lest he deliver thee to the judge,' (Matt. mysterious practices; supposing that there ex- tioned in Scripture as a proselyte of Antioch v. 25.) This he interpreted to mean an inisted in nature certain influences which they (Acts, vi. 1); and he was followed by Menan- junction not to oppose, but to comply, with all could control and manage by occult signs, ex- der, of whose actions and opinions an account is the desires and passions of our nature. The pressed in different ways and on different ma- given; and next comes Basilides, " who eclipsed, practices of the sect were correspondent to this terials; and among the nations most notorious by the singularity of his tenets, and the suc dogma, if we are to believe the contemporary for these opinions were the Jews and the cess with which he spread them, the fame of and other early writers who describe them, Egyptians. As Christianity originated with all his predecessors. This man was a native of particularly Epiphanius : he says,

shall I one, and many of its earliest professors were Alexandria, who was particularly distinguished blush only' to tell what they do not blush to found amongst the other, it is not surprising in the reign of Hadrian, about one hundred do ?" and accordingly he details minutely a that they should have brought with them, and and twenty years after our Saviour's birth, for series of ceremonies and actions so singularly engrafted on the new religion, such opinions the profoundness of his mysteries, and the foul and fagitious, that it requires no small and practices as they had entertained in the extravagant extent to which he carried them. effort of our belief to assent to the possibility old. Accordingly we read that very early the (Eusebius, Eccles. Hist. lib. iv. c. 7.) He formed that any state of the human mind could be so apostles themselves found it necessary to guard a new race of angels, and invented appropriate depraved as to devise or adopt them. I shall the disciples against such persons, cautioning and extraordinary names for them. He en- notice but one as a specimen, and that the least them to avoid profane and vain babblings, and joined the doctrine of silence, like Pythagoras, impure and revolting ;- they took an unborn oppositions to what is falsely called science,' and prescribed it to his disciples for five years. child, and having pounded it in a mortar, and (1 Timothy, vi. 20); and in several passages (Ibid.) He taught that God had sent his first- mixed spice with it, the company and their of the epistle are evident allusions to similar born into the world, who was called Christ; dogs fed on the mass, calling it a paschal errors among the first professors of Christi-that he appeared as a man, and accomplished feast !" anity, even in the apostolic ages. Nor did the all virtue, but did not suffer death really, as Carpocrates was succeeded by his son Epi. evil cease as the doctrines of the gospel ex

*“ Viderunt enim (Romani) cursum Simonis Magi et . "Ob turpitudinem portentosim nimium et horribipanded themselves beyond the local preposses-il quadrigas igneas." -Arnob. adv. Gentil. lib. ii.

lem." -Baroni Lc. Hist. tom. i.

pheus, who had divine honours paid him'in | abuse of the sacred Scriptures, there were at Plaideurs, and Athalie ; Molière's Misan. the island of Cephalonia; and after him came this time many sects who adopted for their thrope (in which is one of Mars' best characanother very extraordinary leader, Valentinus, appellations the names of persons mentioned in ters, and we hope she will perform it); Cor. about the year 145.

the Bible, some of whom were only notorious neille's Cinna ; Molière's Avare ; Racine's “ He brought with him all the fancies of the for their wickedness, and some for the extra- Esther ; and Molière's Bourgeois Gentilhomme poets and philosophers of the Grecian school, vagant follies they furnished those men with a and Tartuffe. The text is very correct, and and mixed them up with the doctrines of his pretext for practising. Prodicus, of the family there are some most useful notes, in English, new religion, such as he found it in the gospel of Carpocrates, founded the sect of the Adam- to point out refinements and various meanings, of St. John, which alone he read and adopted. ites. Their churches are represented as brothels, &c. in the language ; so that this work is not He held that there were thirty gods, one half where they resorted naked. They affirmed only an admirable companion to the playhouse, of which were male and the other female, from that they thus restored man to his primitive but every way desirable for the student. whose intercourse many were generated. These innocence and simplicity, and that when they deities he called Æoris, and from them the assembled together, they should meet in the The Betrothed Lovers ; a Milanese Tale of the Saviour of the world was formed and perfected, same state as Adam and Eve Paradise. Seventeenth Century. Translated from the with all good gifts, like the Pandora of Hesiod. Another sect called themselves Cainites, from

Italian of Alessandro Manzoni. 3 vols. 12mo. (Epiph. Hæres. 3.)-He divided the human their veneration for the character of Cain. London, 1828. C. and J. Rivington. race into three classes, spiritual, animal, and They asserted that he was the offspring of a As a romance of interest, this work, notwithcarnal; the first was already perfect, and to more powerful efficacy, and therefore subdued standing its Italian reputation, is decidedly this class he and his disciples belonged, and Abel, who was derived from a more weak and uninteresting: as the repository of several pic. were saved, both body and soul. The second feeble origin. Others took the name of Judas tures of the times, closely copied from history, required abstinence, martyrdom, and other suf- Iscariot, and professed to hold his character in it deserves a very different character. ferings from which his followers were exempt, the highest respect. They alleged that Christ to arrive at the first state; they then could wished to subvert the truth, and it was there- ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. save their souls, thich were married to angels, fore that he was given up by Judas to condign

Paris, June 30. but their bodies perished. The third class was punishment. Lastly, a sect was established, VARIETY and contrast being considered bon in a hopeless situation, and could not, by any which avowed the practices that brought de- goút, I open this letter with a ball, having meritorious exertion or good works, emerge struction upon Sodom of old. Indeed, it should commenced my last to you with a funeral : and from it, or obtain salvation for themselves. appear, that to invert the ordinary notions of when I name the Salon de Mars as the renThe practices of the Valentinians were con- right and wrong, and so allow a latitude to the dezvous of the lovers of Terpsichore, you will, formable to the professions of men who held most depraved inclinations, was the end of no doubt, expect ' a description of splendid themselves exempt from the performance of those sectarians; and to invent any thing that apartments, sumptuous decorations, a fine or, any good work. They said they rendered to would confound the received opinions of good chestra, costly refreshments, fair dames, and each part of the human being its proper attri- and evil, and pollute the sacred source from chivalrous knights: but notwithstanding the bute; to spirit, spiritual; to the flesh, fleshly whence they were derived, was sufficient to god-like appellation of this assembly, room, and things. They therefore indulged in all carnal establish a new sect, however impious in pro- the martial hero who figures on the sign-board, inclinations without restraint ; eating idol- fession, or flagitious in practice. The opinions I can only present to your attention, tailors, offerings, and partaking of other feasts of Gen. and actions of all those sectarians are so abhor. cobblers, tinkers, butchers, grisettes, cooks, tile worship ; withdrawing wives from their rent from the general reason and feeling of housemaids, fish-women, &c. &c. I can conceive husbands, and living with women in the most mankind, thật we should be inclined to doubt it is the first time you have been introduced to unlicensed debauchery, and declaring what was all the accounts of them, were they not handed such a society; however, as the Irishman said sinful in others was to them harmless. Thus,' down to us by contemporaries of unimpeach- to those who were not satisfied with purgatory, said Irenæus, they coisider us, who fear to able veracity, who had ample means of infor- “ One may go farther and fare worse." Etioffend God even in word or thought, as idiots, mation, who are above the suspicion of intend- quette and decorum are scrupulously observed, and withont knowledge ; but themselves, coming to deceive others, and who could not be and much beauty and grace to be found, at mitting every odious and irreligious act, they deceived themselves. They were eye-witnesses least amongst the ladies of the company, who esteem perfect, and the seeds of election.' and ear-witnesses, and therefore they only de- seem perfectly to understand “ the poetry of Contrary to the universal usage of the early tail what they themselves saw and heard."* motion,” and whose jolie tournure would do Christian church, which was accessible to all,

[To be continued.]

honour to a more elevated rank. I cannot say and its ceremonies practised in the open day,

as much for the gentlemen of the party : their the Valentinians' sought to cover their rites

plebeian birth discovers itself, in spite of well. with concealment, like the Eleusinian myste- Young John Bull; or, Born Abroad and Bred cut coats, stiffened cravats, frizzled hair, smartries ; they were performed in an interior room, at Home : a Novel. By Francis Lathom. ly-polished shoes, long watch-chains, and new in profound silence, with many doors and veils 3 vols. 12mo. London, 1828. A. K. New-gloves ; and their imperturbable gravity when interposed between them and the public. -- man and Co.

performing in the mazy dance, is truly ridi. From the school of Valentinus rose Euphrates, The name of Francis Lathom is well known culous : however lovely their gentle partner, who founded the sect of the Ophites. They to novel-readers for many years. His present she never attracts their regards; their eyes are held that wisdom was embodied in the serpent; performance is slightly founded on an old fastened on their own feet, which appear alone that that wisdom was Christ, who tempted French tract (erroneously) ascribed to Vol. to engross their attention and admiration. No Eve with the knowledge of good and evil; and taire : the moral is, or rather the morals are, Airting takes place at least visibly-either that so knowledge was communicated to man. very praiseworthy; and the execution is of the during or after the country-dance ; when MonThey professed to hold in detestation the God same class as the other numerous performances sieur hands Madame to her seat in all due of the Jews, who, they said, envied the human of the author.

form; and there she remains in statu quo until race. They not only worshipped the serpent

some other beau gives her a fresh opportunity in the abstract, but for the celebration of their

The French Drama. With Notes by

of exhibiting her petits pieds. Behind the rites they nourished a large one: and having

A. Gombert. J. Souter.

Salon is a small garden laid out with little erected an altar over its den, they induced it, At a period

when a new and
increased interest tables

, on which neither nectar nor ambrosia by the presentation of such things as it was London by the regular performance of French and lemonade, are found excellent substitutes.

has been imparted to the French Drama in are served; but coffee, brandy, beer, orgeat, fond of, to issue from its cavern, and glide over the altar, licking and tasting the food ; then pieces, and by the admirable acting of Mars, Cupid is said often to hold his court there: if rolling itself about the offering of bread, it Jenny Vertpré, Perlet, Laporte, and others, it

so, his nerves are not very delicate, as the broke it in pieces, and presented with its mouth may oblige the frequenters of the

theatre among fumes of tobacco are almost insupportable, and portions of it to the bystanders, who used it as

our readers to be aware of this small, but good, would be, I should think, an antidote to soft elements in the eucharist; offered, as they edition of plays, in the course of publication by breathings and tender declarations. However, affirmed by Christ, who had assumed the form Mr. Souter. We have nine of these eat pocket le dieu d'amour has whimsical tastes; and of a serpent for that purpose. They then tomes before us, viz. Racine's Andromaque, what gave me a violent headach may serve saluted him, by kissing his mouth,' and he re


to mount his imagination: the pleasure of seeretired to his concealment. — That nothing Gnostic in early life, seduced, as he says with great can ing so many human beings apparently happy might be wanting in this early age to com- dour and simplicity, by some women. Jortin accuses and gay, fully indemnified me for a little tema · plete the dismal picture of the folly and de- Epiphanius of a propensity to scandal; but it is not to pravity of the human mind, and perverse had thus the means himself of seeing and hearing." be believed that he would misrepresent wilfully what he porary inconveniency.

It is the fashion to visit the Institute, and

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to be baked to death for the pleasure of hear-y spots, and always disappearing during equal The solar spots were first observed in Enging wise men hold forth. I suppose it is my times, whether they are of greater or less land in December 1610: the first discovery of stupidity, but both M. Cuvier_who dissertated magnitude. The most probable opinion is, them is contended for by Galileo, Scheiner, on the virtues of M. Ramond, a ci-devant phi. that they are caused by emissions of aeriform and Harriot. Not long after their discovery, losopher_aud M. Majendie, who talked most fluid, not yet in combustion, which, displacing the inclination of the solar axis was ascerlearnedly on the fluid of the brain, and his the sun's luminous atmosphere (determined tained to be inclined to the ecliptic at an angle experiments on an unfortunate fox-set me to by calculation to be three hundred miles in of 82į deg., and the time of revolution 25 days sleep, whilst others stretched and yawned; height), is afterwards itself to serve the pur- 10 hours. and if any of the hearers experienced interest pose of supporting combustion, the irruption in those discussions, their looks were far from causing openings that assume the appearance Tais important body of men in a manufacture expressing their feelings ; I therefore presume of spots, from exposing to view the opaque ing, commercial, and scientific country, has just that going there is merely to be à-la-mode. body of the sun. That these are openings, been united by a royal charter of incorporation,

I spent a day lately at the Galerie du Musée cannot be doubted ; and the conviction is esta, Mr. Telford, so well known by his great and Royal. There were crowds of English, who blished by long-continued observations, and able works, many

of them rivalling those of the appeared peculiarly attracted by Le Tableau particularly from those now visible. A faint d'Atila au Tombeau. There were at least umbra surrounds a part of greater darkness :

ancient Romans, is the first president ; and thirty young artists, who have the privilege this umbra is of equal breadth when occurring the objects of the Society, under him, are deof copying from those chef d'auvres of art ; near the central parts of the disc; but when

clared to be, the acquisition and promotion of and

in observing the choice of their subjects, on the eastern or western edge, that side of every species of knowledge connected with the it was easy to discover the spirit of the age, the faint shadowing only is visible which is profession of the civil engineer, bridge, aqueMarys, popes, saints, and religious pieces, were a change of form as must occur in an opening draining, navigation, steam, and other maor more truly speaking, the fashion. Virgin nearest the edge of the disc, exhibiting such duct, dock building; the construction of roads,

canals, ports, moles, breakwaters, light-houses; almost invariably the models from which they during its rotation with the globe of the sun. drew. One of these artists had almost finished These spots are usually found in a zone

chinery, &c. &c. a copy of Vandyck's Charles the First of Eng- parallel to the sun's equator, and distant from land dismounting from his horse. This copy it, north and south, about

30 deg.: as a most OxfoRD, June 28.- Thursday the following degrees were

LITERARY AND LEARNED. is intended for London, and appears to me ex. unusual occurrence, one was observed some conferred : – cellently done.

years since 40 deg. distant. No spot is ever Masters of Art.-J. E. Winterbottom, St. John's ColIn the literary world here there is little worth seen without a faint shadowing or umbra sur-lege, Grand Compounder, J. S. Masters, Jesus College.

CAMBRIDGE, June 28.–The Members' prizes of fifteen mention. Memoirs are the order of the day; rounding it, the boundary between which is guineas each, to two Bachelors of Arts, for the encouragethe effect of which is, that not only no man is always well defined. A spot will frequently ment of Latin prose composition, were on Saturday last a hero to his valet de chambre, but all illusion change its form and magnitude;

and the di- adjudged ven Bett Kennedy of St. John's College, and

V. F. Hovenden, of Trinity Collegebeing taken away, we shall have soon no use for latation or contraction of the nucleus is always Scripturæ Alphabeticæ. Undergraduates, no prize adthat term ; as the details about great men di- attended with a corresponding change in the judged. minish their glory not a little, and reduce them umbra. The exterior boundary of the umbra ROYAL SOCIETY OF LITERATURE. to very common-place beings; but il faut de is generally curvilinear, and never angular,

Analysis of the Proceedings 1827-8., l'argent ; and when we cannot make money of whatever the outline of the nucleus is, I. A THIRD portion of “ Remarks on Brút the virtues, we must turn to the vices of the which is frequently very irregular. The nu- Tysilio, a Fabulous Chronicle, erroneously atdead. I do not know if a work entitled Les cleus sometimes separates into two or more tributed to a British Prince of the Seventh Causes de Notre Barbarie, par M. Durand, parts : if about to disappear, the nucleus va- Century, and printed in the second volume of in Englandit had a ." success here. Mr. Dutand attacks M. Gall into two pieces, which

recede from each other the Rev. Edward Davies, K.A.R.S.L._ In the as a mauvais plaisant, and insists that the with great velocity's others have been ob- portions of this manuscript read at two former organ of theft is not in the head, but in un served to burst like a piece of ice, which meetings, the writer endeavoured to prove that estomac vide,

when thrown upon a frozen pond, breaks into this romance is not the work of Tysilio, nor of M. Soulie's imitation of Romeo and Juliet, fragments, and slides in various directions. any other ancient Briton; that it is not his. from Shakespeare, has had great success.

Those spots, traversing the disc at the pre- torical, nor founded upon a Welsh tradition.

sent time (24th day, noon), are in four dis- The substance of the tale is, that an empire ARTS AND SCIENCES.

tinct clusters ; that to the north of the sun's was established in Britain by a prince of the SOLAR SPOTS. These have been latterly centre, in the form of a crescent, consisting house of Troy, governed by. Trojan laws, unusually frequent on the sun's disc. From of nine, of unequal magnitudes, and evidently " which,” says the author of the work, “the the mystery attending the cause of this phe- connected with one another : the largest spot English still maintain ;" that the Saxons afternomenon, little has been done towards its ex- is near the western limb, and is of an oval wards getting possession of the island, all title planation beyond recording the circumstances form; its nucleus is very dark and well-de- to the crown was resigned into their hands by

which are found uniformly to prevail during fined: the cluster approaching the centre seems the sovereign, Cadwallader, then an exile in w their appearance: as to connecting them with to be in great confusion, and has changed its Armorica, in consequence of a divine command brany meteorological phenomena on our earth, form considerably during a few hours: other to that effect. The conceit of deriving a dethere does not seem to be sufficient ground for solitary spots are scattered over the disc: the scent from the royal house of Troy is Gothic, the hypothesis. Eminent astronomers have whole that are distinct, with a telescopic power not Celtic. It came into Britain with the supposed, that when these spots appear copi- of 180, being about twenty-five.

Saxons, Angles, and other nations from the ously, they indicate the approach of warm Appearance of the Solar Disc on Tuesday Noon, 24th inst. shores of the Baltic, and from this origin apseasons, and the consequent luxuriance of ve

pears to have been gradually moulded into the getation; and this opinion it has been at.

form which it now bears under the Anglotempted to maintain by a comparison of years

Saxon princes of Wessex, after they had begun in which the spots have been most frequent,

to conceive the idea of monarchy. It was em. and the table of the price of wheat in Smith's

ployed as a political instrument, setting forth Wealth of Nations; and results bave been ob

the dignity and prerogatives of the crown of tained which, on the whole, appear to favour

Britain, and asserting the rightful succession the hypothesis. From repeated observations

of the Saxons to that crown, with all its privi. during late years, it must, however, be stated,

| leges, as well as to the private estates and prothat the solar spots have an equal claim to

perty of the whole island, which they had be considered as influencing a low temperatures

acquired by the sword. This hypothesis is and great humidity, as some of the largest

confirmed by the positive evidence of various and most numerous at one time have been

historical and antiquarian details, from which observed during the prevalence of a cold and

it likewise appears, that the language and spirit damp state of the atmosphere.

of the story were afterwards eagerly adopted, The solar spots are component parts of the

for the same purposes, by the Norman kings. sun's orb, and not masses of matter revolving

The writer asserts, that the story was unknown about him: this is evident from their pre

to the Welsh till it was announced to them by serving the same relative positions to other

Walter de Mapes, chaplain to Henry the First ; South




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