Imatges de pÓgina

By letters dated early in February, last, we when I was awakened by persons coming in. At the king's hut I had some yams and part learn that he was at that time at the settle- No women slept in the hut; and after eating of the fowl for supper ; the rest I brought away ment of Accra, on the Gold Coast, and was some roasted yạms, the new visitors lay down with me. Near this place is a large piece of there informed by the commandant that poor and went to rest.

clear ground, used, as I understood, for general Clapperton's servants had very recently arrived Friday, 9th.-By daylight the natives were assemblies of the natives. at Whydah, after a tedious and perilous jour- stirring, and one of them, I believe a priest, Sunday, 11th.-Went with Canning more noy of eight months from Soudan ;—and that began to make hideous noises, while all the rest into the town than I had been before, and, to he afterwards saw them on board the Esk, and crossed themselves in different parts of the body. my great surprise, saw a child, not exactly received from them the painful details of his After this ceremony, he gave them clay where- white, but of a pale yellow colour. The mofriend's sufferings and death. Col. Denham with to rub themselves. An old woman then ment he caught a glimpse of me, he ran and was on his way to our newly acquired pos- brought in some boiled yams in a basket, and hid himself in a hut, seeming to be much more session on the island of Fernando Po, in some greens in an earthen dish, which the host frightened than the other children. Canning order to informs himself of its capabilities as served out. They appear to feed sometimes in took me further up the hill to another patch of an improved settlement for the liberated Afri- one hut, and sometimes in another. When huts, where I suppose he lives ; a mess of yams cans, for which its geographical position very any individual enters, nothing is said to the and greens being brought to him as soon as he strongly recommends it, being only a few days' intrusion : whoever comes has a share of the was seated. After he had eaten his meal, he sail from the most distant of the rivers where feast offered to him.

went to another hut, and took down a calibash, the depôts of this detestable traffic are esta- After the yams were eaten, the native who in which were some bracelets, and into this he blished.

particularly accompanied me, and whom I put his knife. They were very anxious to Our letters do not allude to the recent ap- called Canning, took me to the king's hut, have my knife; one old woman, in particular, pointment of Colonel Denham to the sole which was larger than that in which I slept, continued teasing me the whole time I was government of the colony of Sierra Leone, but not enclosed. The king and a number of there, and would have given any thing for it. for which his visit of inspection to Fernando his principal chiefs were seated round, as were We stayed a good while, and then returned Po naturally accounts. And we cannot but also his wives and children; and they all shook the same road we came, followed by women feel some regret on his account, after having hands with me very cordially. There were and children shouting. We stopped at a hut, seen it mentioned in the papers that his stay twenty and sometimes thirty natives in the hut, situated about midway, which I believe belongs in that unhealthy climate would not exceed for the weather was very rainy; and we had to the old chief that visits the ship ; in this nine months, that he is now charged with a yams five or six times during the day. The were hung up one of the hats and cloaks preduty and responsibility which, we are sure, he king's wives and families slept in half-a-dozen sented by Captain Owen, An elderly_man is singularly qualified to fulfil, yet which must adjacent huts. There was no sign of poultry came in, and gave me three yams; as I was compel him to remain there for a lengthened or meat (fowls or sheep); but towards evening hungry, I told them to dress one for me. period. If it shall be the will of Providence that a large rat was brought in, and roasted entire, After finishing my repast, we went to the Denham should return, now poor Clapperton without skinning, or cleaning of any kind. 1 king's hut, where a party was eating yams : in has fallen a victim to his sincere and arduous was glad to say adieu before it was devoured as fact, from sovereign to peasant, all live on exertions in the cause, he will be the only sur- a dainty. The presents of axes and iron from them : it is a great rarity to them to have a viving officer of the three* missions sent out Captain Owen to his majesty were shewn with kid or goat. We then adjourned to another by our Government since 1821, for penetrating much parade ; and I was importuned to bring hut, in which the inmates were engaged in into the interior of Africa ;-in which we have knives and pieces of iron when I renewed my roasting a rat, and an animal of the badger to regret the loss of six enterprising individuals, visit. I returned to my old abode to sleep. kind, but much smaller. They were cooked whose courage and whose fate alone should Saturday, 27th. At daylight the priest re- whole, without skinning, and then hung up : claim distinction-besides the too great probabi- peated his religious duties, drinking freely of not being intended to be eaten that night. I lity of the death of Major Laing at Timbuctoo, topy (palm-wine). In an boxır, a woman brought did not see any palmsteine in the town to-day, and Dr. Dickson in Soudan, of whose existence seven or eight pieces of yarn, and part of the therefore suppose it had been sent to the ship; scarcely a hope remains.

rat, which the king had specially sent to me. but the women brought a good supply in the The climate of Accra is described as greatly I got credit by handing it over to my friends. evening. The king soon after left the assem. preferable to Sierra Leone, which would lead Making signs for water to wash, a boy was bly, and was quickly followed by Canning : the us to infer favourably of Fernando Po. despatched with calibashes to fetch it. The chief in whose hut í slept, took me home also.

Thirty-four thousand ounces of gold dust are natives were exceedingly surprised to see my On the road I saw two white children (Al. said to have arrived at that place alone during ablutions, as they never wash themselves. I binos)—one a boy, the other a girl. the last six months : and if peace can be kept then made them comprehend that I wanted to Monday, 12th.-I was now so sick of yams with the Ashantees, a great increase may be wash my clothes ; upon which they took me to that I could hardly touch them ;, the king sent expected.

a brook, where I performed that operation, and boys out, after a consultation, to catch a fowl FERNANDO PO:

hung my garments on stakes to dry: they were for me, which they did, and having brought it

not touched all day. Seven Days' Residence with the Natives.

in, plucked it entirely like Plato's man, and

I walked about to several huts, and, like the only killed it on my making signs for them to [From a Journal of a visit into the interior of our new people themselves, was quite at home wherever do so. They were then going to broil it whole,

settlement, we have made the following selections, in the hope that, after what we have already stated con

Í Made signs to Canning as we passed but I had it cut up, and gave them the entrails cerning it, they will prove interesting to the majority of along, where a fowl was tied to a hut, that for their pains. The rat was also roasted readers.-Ed. L. G.]

I wished to have one: he said something to again, and they pressed me much to partake of Thursday, 8th Nov._Walked a long way up the inmates, and carried it to another hut, it'; but I made them believe that Capt. Owen the mountain in company with some of the na- where the king and a number of chiefs were would cut my throat if I did, so they ceased to tives, and at length came to their huts-mostly assembled. They had got a kid, which they persecute me. square buildings, with the sides of split wood, were about to kill. Two of them held it up by saw a white woman (another Albino)—a fat,

On walking out, after this, I interwoven with palm leaves. The fire in the the legs, and the king cut its head off, and then hideous figure. She walked away immediately. centre is kept up during the night as well as smeared the blood about the chiefs. A priest I again went to the brook to wash my clothes. the day. My new friends were very barmless: in the company was preaching all the while ; A great many children came to look at me, one carried my hammock; another my bag, but when the decapitation was over, the body and one little fellow approached and helped me which they kept feeling to ascertain if there was given to my friend Canning to skin, which to wash. When I had finished, I spread out were any knives in it, the objects of their great he managed very speedily, cut the kid into my clothes before the hut. The chief told me desire. "The path was slippery and fatiguing, pieces, and laid them before the fire. The the king wished to see me; so I carried my but they assisted me in every way they could. priest presented a piece to each, which they papers to his hut, and wrote a little, which I The hut in which I slept was about five yards put on the fire, entrails not excepted, and all explained to him was intended to be read. A square, and very dry and clean. For supper I was consumed indiscriminately.

lamb was then brought in, and some of it had some yams; my companions had a dish of

One of the king's wives came to the priest roasted ; part being hung up for me to carry greens chopped up with some fruit and oil, and shewed her wrist: he took hold of it, and away: they ate it without vegetables, but a piece which I thought very nauseous to the taste. pinched it very hard for a time, and then mo- of yam which I left in the morning was given After supper, I went to bed and slept awhile, tioned as if he had extracted something from it me;

and they begin to see that I like meat One to Bornou, performed by Oudney, Denham, and charmed the disease away. Rubbing the and yam together. We had plenty of palmalone; one to Sackatoo, by Clapperton, with three como part with clay, this extraordinary and skilful wine, and I was presented with a small cali, panions. cure was completed.

bash to take home.


were conferred:

Tuesday, 13th. Breakfasted on the lamb portion to the distance from the former, or has been remarkably unequal in different parts and some yams; and afterwards went to the principal, seat of concussion. They appear also of the town—some streets having only partially king's hut.

I roamed about by myself a to have been sensibly felt at Bonn, Dusseldorf, suffered, while others are totally destroyed. good deal to-day; but durst not go far from and Dordnecht, on one side, and at Flushing, Amidst this widely spreading destruction, it is the huts. I was left in the charge of a stupid Middleburg, and Dunkirk, on the other_ala fortunate that the loss of lives has been very old man, who sat singing to himself the whole though they were not perceptible at many of inconsiderable, being, in the city of Bogota, time. I had nothing to eat during the re- the intermediate towns. Slight shocks were also limited to only five or six persons. mainder of the day, till the chiefs came home: experienced at several of the frontier towns of It appears that the earthquake was not felt I suppose they had been hunting, as they France, as Avesnes, Commercy, and Longuyon; much to the north of Bogota ; but to the brought in two young deer. Wherever I went, as also at the coal-mines near Liège, at the south the devastation has been most extensive. I was sure to have a score of women and child depth of from fifty to sixty toises ; in which Throughout the whole of the plain of Bogota, dren, following me; but if I offered to turn latter case they were accompanied by a hollow as far as the towns of Purificacion and Neiva, round, they all ran off directly.

sound, resembling that of a heavily laden wag- there remains no church or public edifice of Wednesday, 14th. After walking a little gon. The direction in which the shocks were importance that has not been either overway, I saw some persons within an enclosure: propagated appears to have been from east to thrown or materially damaged. In the towns they proved to be the king and a number of west.

of Purificacion and Ibogué, the shock was so chiefs, and were digging up the ground with For some time before the earthquake the powerful as to throw down many houses conl'arge stakes : four of them thrust their stakes weather had been fine; but it became cloudy structed of cane, with thatched roofs... In into the soil, and then prixed it up: they did on the evening which preceded it, and conti- Neiva, not only were all the public buildings not dig up the whole, but only the spots they nued so for several subsequent days. At Brus- destroyed by the earthquake, but torrents of intended for planting; About noon they left sels the barometer had fallen during the three rain conspired to increase the havoc. Even the place, and I could not learn what they preceding days from 29.421 inches to 29-044; straw huts were levelled with the ground, and were going to set.

on the night before the earthquake it had risen the roofs of some of them taking fire, added to [It was afterwards rather solemnly intimated by his to 29.126 ; and a few moments after the event, the horror of the scene, and to the extent of sable majesty, in a court of council, that a great many it stood at 29.233. It continued afterwards to the calamity. Great part of the plain of Neiva missed. On the morrow he set off, accompanied by seve rise; and on the 27th it had reached 30·166. was inundated : this was productive of consifalechiefs and on the 15th reached his ship in perfect At Liège, however, the barometer remained derable loss of lives, particularly on the banks

We , shall abridge for insertion.] very low after the earthquake.

of the Magdalena, the current of which was at The shocks lasted about eight or ten seconds. first considerably lessened ; but a great food LITERARY AND LEARNED.

There have been experienced, since the 230 succeeded, and swept down vast quantities of OXFORD, May 10.-On Thursday the following degrees of February, slighter shocks ; and these also mud and other substances, emitting a strongly Masters of Arts. Rev. J. Simpson, Queen's College ; barometer.

were preceded by a great depression of the sulphureous vapour, and attended with a geRev. F. Dobson, Merton College; Rev. W. Fawssett, M.A,

neral destruction of the fish. of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, incorporated

These and other facts render it probable that of Magdalen Hall.

Another communication was also read, giv- some volcanic eruption took place in Tolima, Bachelors of Arts.-T. E. Withington, Brasennose College, Grand Compounder: T. Child, W.Boulton, Queen's ing an Account of some Particulars concerning an old volcano of Tocaima, from the mouth of College: W. Mayo, Magdalen Hall; R. Ellis, Jesus Col- an Earthquake experienced at Bogola, and in which it is reported, that of late dense columns lege ; J. M. Elton, Ballol College: H. W. Torrens, Stu- the Cordillera between Bogota and Popayan, on of smoke have been seen to arise, and more redent of Christ Church; E. Green,

Scholar of University the 16th of November, 1827, and the following markably so on the day of the earthquake; as Wadham College; Hon. J. J. Carnegie, c. P. Golightly, days. Contained in a letter from Colonel also from the ridge of mountains of Santa Ana J. F. Christie. Lic. L. Brenton, Oriel College: A B Patrick Campbell, Secretary of Legation to in Maraquita, and the Paramo of Ruiz, which College W. w. Champneys, Scholar of Brasennose Col- James Bandinal, Esq. of the Foreign Office. is a part of the same Cordillera, and contiguous lege; A. Neate, B.A. of Trinity College, Cambridge, In- Communicated by Captain Şabine.

to that of Tolima. corporated of Trinity College.

The earthquake is described by the narrator Popayan, which is 200 geographical miles CAMBRIDGE, May 10.-At a congregation on Wednes- as occurring suddenly, at half-past six o'clock in S.S. W. of Bogota, has also suffered much from day last, the following degrees were conferred :

the evening, whilst he was at dinner. It was the same earthquake ; many houses having Masters of Arts. Rev. H. W. Bucke, J. H. Hawkins, Trinity College ; T. C. S. Kynnersley, St. John's College: announced by, a loud rumbling noise; the fallen in consequence of the violent shocks Rev. D. Laing, Rev. C. Rockett, Rev. H. West, St. whole house shook with violence; the decan- that continued to succeed each other every Peter's College ; Rev. A. Hussey, Corpus Christi College ; ters and glasses on the table being thrown six hours up to the evening of the 18th, which

Bachelors of Arts.-G. Coleman, Christ College; C. T. down. The family ran for shelter under the is the date of the latest intelligence from that Carpenter, Sidney College.

door-way of the principal floor, which they had place. The torrents of rain with which they At the same congregation, J. Ball, M.A. Fellow of St. John's College, Oxford, was admitted ad eundem.

no sooner reached than they witnessed the fall are accompanied, have proved a great aggravaof the towers of the cathedral opposite to them, tion to the misery they have created. At

with a dreadful crash. The whole tremor Patea, still farther to the s.s.W., the devastaMay 8th, a communication was read to the lasted about a minute. The first shock con- tion has been still greater : some of the largest Society, containing some Particulars of the sisted of a long, undulating motion ; the next trees having been thrown down by the concusEarthquake felt in the Netherlands, and in was quick and violent ; and the party found it sions. It is hence inferred, that eruptions have some of the Frontier Towns of France, on the difficult to preserve their balance, and were taken place at the same period in the volcano 23d of February last. Extracted from a let-affected as if from sea-sickness. The damage of Pasto; and the wide crevices which have ter to Captain Sabine, from Professor Quete- sustained by the town of Bogota is immense, appeared in the road of Guanacas, leave no let, Director of the Royal Observatory at Brus- and has been estimated at about two millions doubt that the whole of the Cordillera has sussels.

of dollars, independently of the destruction of tained a powerful shock. The number of earthquakes which are on the cathedral, which had been completed about In the plains of Bogota considerable crevices record as having been experienced in the Ne- nine years ago, and the building of which cost have also opened, and the river Tunza has therlands, for many centuries past, does not ex. 800,000 dollars. The government palace, and already begun to flow through those which ceed six or eight; and none of them have been almost all the public offices and barracks, have have appeared near Costa. In other parts of productive of disastrous effects. Within a space either been rendered useless, or severely shat- the Cordillera, although the earth has conof ten years, during the last century, three only tered. Of the churches, only those of the tinued in motion for a quarter of an hour took place, one of which happened in 1755, Capuchins, Carmelites, and the chapel of the without intermission, the movement has been immediately after the great earthquake at Lis- convent de la Ensenanza,” can be said to nearly insensible, and observable only by means bon; and the last was in 1760. The one which have escaped without injury. Few of the of the compass or the pendulum. has lately occurred was particularly felt along houses above one story high are habitable, and the banks of the Meuse; and its greatest vio- even many of the low houses have been thrown Jence was felt in the towns of Liège, Ton- down. The whole of the upper part of the In our last we shortly mentioned the first gres, Tivelemont, and Huy: many of the walls Barrio del Rosorio, consisting of buildings of general meeting of the subscribers to the Fund and buildings of which suffered considerable this latter description, now present nothing for the Translation of important Oriental injury—but, happily, no lives were lost. In but a heap of ruins. Many habitations which Works, of which a description was contained the adjacent towns of Maestricht, Namur, Lou- had withstood the first shocks, have given way in the Literary Gazette about three months vain, and Brussels, strong shocks were also ex- under those which followed, although incom- ago, (see No. 574,) when its prospectus was perienced; but their violence diminished in pro- parably less violent. The injury to dwellings originally issued ; and we now go on to





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the Rev. Professor Lee.

murs to the death of Alexander the Great.

Class Ill. Belles Lettres.


fulfil our pledge of giving a more detailed guineas are to be allowed any of the works 80j5. The Didascalia; or, Apostolical Constitutions of the

Abyssinian Church. Translated by T. P. Platt, account of the proceedings. The chair having published, to the amount of the subscription,

Esq. A.M. been taken by Prince Leopold, Sir Gore Ouse- at the cost of half the price at which they are This ancient Ethiopic work is unknown in Europe, and ley, as chairman of the Committee to whom sold to the public. With regard to the second contains many very curious opinions,

6. The Bustan of Sadi. Translated by James Ross, Esq. the subscribers had delegated the power of proposition, of selling to the public a proporarranging the infant association, and laying tion of every edition, it is estimated that it This is a much-admlied Persian poem, consisting of the basis for its future labours and prosperity, will tend materially 'to lighten the common Tales, &c. illustrative of moral duties.

Class II. History, Geography, and Travels. read a very gratifying report of what that expense.

7. The Tareki Afghan. Translated by Dr. Bernhard Committee had done. Among other matters of After congratulating the subscribers on the peculiar weight and interest, coming from a prosperous state of the Fund, and the

encou- be descended from the Jews. It will be accompanied by body of men not only of the highest talents, raging prospects which opened on every side, an account of the Afghan Tribes. learning, and acquirements, but most of them the report went on to mention, that voluntary 8. The Travels of Evlia Effendi. Translated by Counsel

lor Von Hammer. conversant, by study and experience, with and unbought aid had been tendered by many

This work contains an account, in Turkish, of the traoriental literature, we notice with pleasure eminent orientalists in this country; and ex- vels of Evlia in all parts of the Turkish Empire, and in several statements which afford great promise pressed a confident belief that, in addition to Turkestan, &c. in the early part of the seventeenth cenof what the public have to expect from this enjoying the honour of fostering an important 9. Naima's Annals. Translated by the Rev. Dr. HenderInstitution, in unfolding both ancient and mo- branch of learning, and rescuing the national dern Asia to the knowledge of Europe. character from the charge of neglecting eastern This Turkish History comprises the period between

1622 and 1692; and includes accounts of the Turkish From the liberal support already received, literature, in the cultivation of which this invasion of Germany, the Sieges of Buda, Vienna, &c. the subscriptions amounting to 10991. 7s. per country is above all others interested,* the 10. Ibn Khaldun's History of the Berbers. Translated by annum,* the Committee feel assured of the subscribers would annually receive books

This rare and valuable Arabic work contains an account most important

results being produced by this greatly exceeding their subscriptions in value of the origin, progress, and decline of the dynasties which undertaking To accelerate, improve, and The circulation of the prospectus has already governed the northern coast of Africa. complete the objects developed in the prospectus, induced competent individuals to undertake it. The great Geographical Work of Idrisi. Translated

by the Rev. G. C. Renouard, B.D. corresponding committees are establishing in translations of oriental works, and has at. This Arabic work was written, A.D. 1163, to explain various parts of Asia. The Royal Asiatic tracted much attention to Asiatic literature. a large silver globe made for Roger, King of Sicily: Society, several directors of the East India Thus, Sir Alexander Malet has presented the dend is divided into the seven climates described by ProCompany, and the English Universities, have Committee with a valuable collection of eastern 12. Makrisis Khitat: or, History and Statistics of Egypt. severally stepped forward in favour of the plan. MSS., made by his father, Sir Charles Malet,

Translated by Abraham Salame.

This Arabic work includes accounts of the conquest of It has been communicated to Turkey, Persia, during his residence in India.

Egypt by the Caliphs, A.D. 640, of the cities, rivers, anEgypt, and the Barbary States, whence assist- The publications are to consist, generally, I cient and modern inhabitants of Egypt, &c. ance of every kind may be anticipated ; particu- of the texts in the original languages, with 13. Part of Mirk lond's Rozet ul Suftin. Translated by larly in rare manuscripts and other productions English translations; but in peculiar cases, The part of this Persian work selected for publication which are likely to throw a light upon the with translations of French and Latin. The is that which contains the history of Persia, from Kaio earliest ages of the world, and upon the reli- Committee is empowered to give annually, gions, customs, manners, and pursuits, of its for such works as it may consider deserving of 14 Meher va Mushteri. Translated by Dr. Bernhard inhabitants at all times. Not an Indian court, distinction, four rewards in money, in sums of

This is a popular Persian poem, which celebrates the from Ceylon to the confines of the Punjab, from 501. to 1001. each, and four gold medals, friendship and adventures of Meher and Mushteri, the Tibet, and China, but will learn what is the in- of the value of fifteen guineas each.

sons of King Shapur and his grand vizier. tention of this subscription; and no doubt many Although, in selecting works for the press,

Translated by Duncan Forbes, Esq. of them will in like ways contribute to promote the principal object will be to increase histori. This is a popular Persian romance, which narrates its universally beneficial purposes. Turning cal and general information, we rejoice to hear the seven perilous adventures of Hatim, an Arab chief. from these regions, our marts and settlements that works of fiction are not to be altogether

Translated by James Mitchell,

Esq. in the Eastern Ocean offer similar facilities for overlooked. These will gratify many tastes

This Persian poem contains the tale of Ferhad, a celeintercourse with the most distant islands of which more grave and recondité reading does brated statuary, and Shirin, Princess of Persia. It also

includes several curious legends relating to Adam, Mahomits Archipelago and the coasts of China and not suit, and give a pleasing variety to the med, &c. Japan ; while the various missionary esta- series. But besides, the East has furnished Want of room compels us to postpone the blishments in Palestine, the Caucasus, and many highly interesting specimens of this spe- conclusion of this report till onr next Literary the Malayan peninsula, and the enlightened cies of literature, which materially illustrate Gazette, when we trust to throw some very agents of the Russian government along the the customs and feelings of the people; and its curious light upon the literature now existing whole southern frontier of that immense em- apologues and romances are nearly as much in India. pire, to the farthest limits of Kamtschatka, com- entitled to consideration as its more directly mand the means of making the existence and the useful and elaborate productions. The follow

FINE ARTS. objects of the Society still farther known and ing remarkable list of curious works, some of

ROYAL ACADEMY. appreciated. That immense literary, and consi- them already nearly prepared for the press, BEFORE proceeding to the School of Painting derable pecaniary, assistance will flow from shews with how much discrimination and judg- (by far the most interesting portion of the prethese well-directed exertions, we are firmly ment the Committee have made their selec- sent Exhibition), we shall notice some further persuaded; and it is also certain, that the tion:

attractions in the Great Room. We left off with governor-general of India, and the governors

Class I. Theology, Ethics, and Ecclesiastical History.

one of Mr. Collins's pictures; we will recome of its component departments, as well as the 1. The Cural, a work on Ethics. Written by Tiruvallu

mence with another. learn bodies at the three presidencies, will ver. Translated by Richard Clarke, Esq.

No. 86.- Taking out a Thorn. W. Collins, join with hearty zeal in furthering the pro

This ancient work, written in the purest style of Tamul R.A.-Interesting, as well from its simplicity gress of an institution at home, which is coun. Southern India. poetry, possesses a very high reputation in the whole of

as from the skill with which it is executed. tenanced by so many powerful and influential 2. The Annals of Elias, Metropolitan of Nisibis. Trans- The little rustic group, accompanying their persons. The only alterations which appear to us to have the principal dynasties of the world-orief memoirs of the are all in keeping with the scene. Every thing

This Syriac chronicle contains chronological tables of suffering companion, and the aged operator, been made since we first stated the constitution Patriarchs of the Nestorian church-and notices of the is unaffected, and as it should be. of the Oriental Translation Society, are- Ist,

most remarkable events in the East, from the birth of
our Saviour to the beginning of the eleventh century.

No. 33. A Bull of the Alderney Breed. J. the creation of a second class of subscribers ; 3. The Akhlak e Naseri of Naser ud Din of Tus in Bu- Ward, R.A.—This, and No. 223, A Cow of and 2d, the sale of a certain number of each of

charia. Translated by the Rev. H. G. Keene, A.M. This Persian system of Ethics is an elaborate composi

the Alderney Breed, by the same artist, are the works printed at the expense of the Fund. tion, formed on Greek models, and is very highly esteemed among the wonders of the Exhibition. At As the subscribers of ten guineas each are to in Persia.

least, to those who are unacquainted with all be entitled gratuitously to a fine-paper copy of 4 A collation of the Syriac

. Mais of the New Testament, the mysteries of feeding and breeding cattle, every publication by the Committee, the class

England. By the Rev. Professor Lee.

they certainly appear to be phenomena. now proposed of annual subscribers of five This collation will include the various readings of all the Syriac mss. of the New Testament in the British (resuming his Profession of a Painter. J. Van

No. 52. Jan Steen taking down his Sign, and • Another pillar of strength is, that his Majesty has Museum, and the Libraries at Oxford, Cambridge, &c. become patron of the Fund; and almost every member of

Regemorter.- We refer our readers to the quothe Royal Family, together with the Ministers of the Crown, and many of the most distinguished

Nobility and our young civil and military officers in India to a close Lives of the Dutch Painters. It is curious, as

The probable effect of this association, in exciting tation in the Catalogue, from Campowyerman's persons of consideration connected with India, its ardent study of the oriental languages, is another advantage not illustrative of the character of the artist, the supporters.

15. Hatim Tae.


16. Ferhad va Shirin.

As a

Morland of his day; only that his subjects the less they are inspected, the better for the which we expressed of it in the Literary : were derived from the brutish of human beings, reputation of the artist.

zette of the 26th ult. Mr. Martin seems to while those of Morland were drawn from the No. 248. Henry the Third of France. R. P. have exhausted his invention, and concentrated natural in animal life. This picture is Flemish Bonnington.. " Who put my man i’ th' his talent, on this magnificent production, in its execution ; and is well treated both in stocks ?" said the indignant Lear, after having which comprehends all that is gorgeous in hu. colouring and chiaroscuro. It suggests one found his faithful adherent in that unenviable man splendour and mighty in human strength, observation, however, which we cannot refrain position. With a similar feeling we say, Who with all that is sublime and destructive in from making; namely, that if Jan Steen had put this picture here? Why is the pain of elemental commotion. It is impossible to ima. lived in our days of multitudinous art, we stooping till one's back is nearly broken to be gine any thing more awful and imposing than think he would have paused before taking down inflicted as the price of the pleasure of looking the whole spectacle. Intensely powerful in his sign!

at this able per mance?--a performance which its general effect, the minuteness and variety No. 17. A Mother caressing her Child. R. it would bave done credit to the judgment of of its details are so curious and wonderful, that Westall, R.A.-In expression, Mr. Westall is the Academy, had they placed it in the best we fear they will fail to be appreciated by the rarely deficient. Subjects of Aesh and blood, situation the rooms afford.* Besides possess spectator without the aid of an opera-glass. however (such as this is), require truth in the ing a harmony of colouring which would be It is a picture on which a volume, instead of a representation of them; and will not bear to be honourable to any school of art, the subject is paragraph, might easily be written. refined away, on some imaginary principle of treated in a most masterly manner. delicacy, until the stamp of nature is wholly graphic illustration of the character and habits ARTISTS' BENEVOLENT FUND. effaced.

of the French monarch, it may be ranked with The anniversary of this Institution, on Satur. No. 54. An Old Bridge at Hendon, Middle- some of the well-described scenes by Sir Walter day last, was very numerously attended, and sex. F. Watts.-We do not remember noticing Scott in Quentin Durward, or any other of his had the Lord Chancellor in the chair, supthe landscapes of this artist before ; but we historical novels.

ported by the Duke of Somerset, Lord Godehave now to compliment him on a performance No. 243. The Vicar of Wakefield reconciling rich, Lord Farnborough, Lord Grantham, Lord which, if it does not belong to the exalted or his Wife to Olivia. G. Š. Newton. We should Durham, Sir T. Lawrence, Sir J. Swinburne, classical in that department of painting, is at have said " endeavouring” to reconcile his Messrs. Phillips, Daniell, Bailly, Mulready, least natural, pleasing, and picturesque. wife; for the matter does not seem to have Etty, R. A.'s, &c. &c. The subscription (in.

We leave, for the present, the Great Room, been accomplished. The picture is, however, dependently of 5001., a moiety of the price with its mass of splendid portraiture; and replete with the pathos and expression which paid to Mr. Mulready for an engraving from enter that which contains a far more diversified belong to the subject, one of the most touch- his picture of the Wolf and the Lamb, which and generally interesting assemblage of pic-ing passages in one of the most admirable that artist has generously presented to the tures. And first of the first, in awful grandeur novels in the English language. The figures Fund) amounted, as the newspapers state, to and appalling ruin, stands are certainly too tall; but, with that slight ex

above 10001. No. 340. An Attempt to illustrate the Open- ception, the performance throughout is highly ing of the Sixth Seal. F. Danby.--" Chaos is creditable to the talents of this distinguished SKETCHES OF SOCIETY. come again," would be an insufficient motto for artist.

THE LITERARY FUND ANNIVERSARY. this extraordinary production. It is, indeed, a Now for The Drunkard, as he is represented Or all the Funds instituted for benevolent stupendous scene. The sublime description in in No. 322, by G. Clint, A., “ being the first purposes in this great metropolis, it is not too the Revelations has suggested to the artist, as picture of an intended series.” This perform- much to say that this, which has for its object the materials of his work, the wreck of a world; ance has dwelt upon our minds, and haunted the relief of literary distress, is the most delightning, volcanoes, earthquakes, falling rocks, our imagination, from the moment we first saw serving of public patronage. We would insti.. yawning chasms, and all the other dreadful in-it. Mr. Clint's Drunkard is no maudlin, stag- tute no invidious comparisons between it and dications of the wrath of the Lamb." A pic- gering ideot, the object merely of ridicule and the multitude of other most praiseworthy as. ture like this is scarcely amenable to criticism. contempt; he is a ferocious maniac, exciting in sociations, whose humanity and charity are an It violates no probability; for in such circum- the beholders terror and detestation. This honour to the English nation, but simply stances,' what can be considered improbable ? graphic sermon may, in their intervals of rea- point out, that all these are limited in their Still, Mr. Danby has so far adhered with fidelity son, teach those who are addicted to the dis- sphere to particular cases or classes, whilst the to what we have experienced, that all his varied graceful vice of intoxication, to see, mark, calls upon the Literary Fund are as widely dif. effects of livid light or bursting flame have evi- learn, and (we hope) inwardly digest, the useful fused as literature itself, and as universal as the dently been derived from their prototypes in lesson it conveys. From this mental wreck, existence of letters. The patient to a fever. nature; although we have never before beheld this perversion of humanity, we turn to a work hospital, the sojourner in a work-house, the them in such terrific accumulation and array of a very different character, gay and exhilarat- widow and the orphan of an asylum, the blind, The foreground is rendered visible by cold ing, and which, nevertheless, by an odd coin- the deaf, the diseased, the aged, the forlorn, gleams from the upper part of the picture (re- cidence of situation and circumstances, is in a the destitute of every description--the mechanic presenting “ the heavens departing, as a scroll certain way connected with the subject of our and the trader, the actor and the artist-may when it is rolled together,") and exhibits every last notice: we mean No. 274, The Hop Gar. each possess their separate sources where to seek frightful shape of desperation and death : den, by W. F. Witherington. --Scenes of more the alleviation of their several sorrows and suf. “ Amazing period ! when each mountain-height animated character can hardly be imagined ferings ; at the same time, under other circumOutburns Vesuvius; rocks eternal pour

than those which are afforded' by the vintage stances, and in another character, as authors, Their melted mass, as rivers once they pour'd; Stars rush; and final Ruin fiercely drives

and the hop-gathering ; and yet, owing to the they may all bring their distresses before this Her ploughshare o'er creation."-Young.

perverseness of human nature, how often are Society On turning our back upon these pictured they productive of the most baneful conse- “ Claim kindred there, and have their claim allowed." horrors, we are confronted by the gaieties of a quences! We must not, however, confound It is another consideration of much moment, scene as opposite as the antipodes ; namely, the use of a good with its abuse ; nor reject and one that ought to have great influence in

No. 262. Boccaccio relating the Tale of the moderate enjoyment because excessive enjoy- directing the favour of the high and wealthy Bird-cage. J. M. W. Turner, R.A.On land, ment is pernicious. But not, by our further towards this charity, that those who advocate as well as on water, Mr. Turner is determined reflections, to rob these excellent artists of the its cause are not interested in its success, exnot merely to shine, but to blaze and dazzle. praise which is their due, we hasten to say, cept by feelings of compassion and philanthropy. Watteau 'and Stothard, be quiet! Here is that in composition, character, and colouring, Many other institutions are actively and promore than your match. If Mr. Turner had both Mr. Clint and Mr. Witherington have ductively befriended by parties who have a called his picture of last year a sketch,” in shewn the greatest skill, and exhibited their prospective benefit to look to in their prospethe manner of Rembrandt; or if he had called talents to the utmost advantage.

rity: they are to aid a joint-stock fund, of the present production “ a sketch," in the

which they are members, or to help their manner of either of the above-mentioned artists,

brethren or themselves, should they unhappily it might have been supposed that, although he r. any thing could add to the reputation of fall into trouble or decay ;-but the poor man had overshot the mark in glare and glitter, yet this extraordinary artist, it would be bis Fall of letters—the lowly drudge in the laborious that, had he proceeded, he would have added of Nineveh, the exhibition of which was opened duties of the pen—the

unfortunate aspirant

to those redeeming qualities without which such to the public

on Monday last ; and our second fame_is not the founder or supporter of the tinsel is an offence, not only against the prin view of which fully confirmed the high opinion Literary Fund ;-strangers must plead for him, ciples of art, but against common sense. With

* The mantel of the Great Room would have been the with sympathy only for their fee and reward. respect to the details in this gaudy experiment, | proper place for this picture.

For these among other reasons, we think the ap




peals made on behalf of this charity are more de- saw a fair proportion of the leading publishers (ing, Sir Thomas Lawrence, Mr. Hobhouse, serving of attention than any other. The objects of the kingdom, near where we sat in the room, Dr. Lushington, Sir W. Clayton, Mr. Adol. whose miseriesit is directed to relieve, are diffused including partners of the house of Longman phus, Mr. Blanshard, severally spoke, as toasts throughout the whole mass of civilised life: of and Co., Mr. Murray, Mr. Harding, Mr. Black- called them up; and by them all, the same bene. all others, they are, perhaps, the least suited to wood, Mr. Butterworth, Mr. Duncan, Mr. volent train of ideas was pursued and enforced buffet with the busy world and command suc- Harris, Mr. Underwood, Mr. Ainsworth, &c. by various apposite illustrations. To crown cess ;—of all others, their hopes have been the Mr. Maunder was one of the stewards; and the whole, Dr. Yates reported subscriptions to highest, their imaginations have been warmed other booksellers, prevented from appearing in the amount of £700: and a day of much by the gayest and most deceitful dreams of for. person, sent their donations.

gratification to all who witnessed the protune and of glory ;-and of all others, their fall His Grace the Duke of Somerset, president, ceedings, was happily concluded by the auspi. from the pinnacle of such bright delusions into took the chair soon after six o'clock, and about cious promise of the following names to com. the dark abyss of disappointment, penury, pain, 120 sat down to dinner. The cloth being re- mence the list of stewards at the next anni. solate. Their endeavour has been to serve and always the first standing toast of the Society, Thomas Phillips, k. 17. Inglis, and' T. Lawrence, (Presiand wretchedness, is the most helpless and de- moved, " The King, our munificent Patron,” | versary :

' and , enlighten their fellow-men, and in their sad was drank with acclamations, and followed by dent of the Royal Academy) : Davies Gilbert, Esq: Presiestate, surely they deserve pity and consolation the usual loyal bumpers and songs. “Prosperity dent of the Royal Society); Rev. Dr. Sleath (Head Master from those for whom, however unwisely, they to the Literary Fund,” was also given with a St. Paul's School); Messrs. Sams and Jennings (Bookdevoted their talents and their toils.

great applause; and Mr. Fitzgerald recited a Although the anniversary meeting of Wed- poem, in which the benevolent purposes of

MUSIC. nesday, at the Freemasons' Tavern,* was not the Fund were enforced. His exertions were

DE BEGNIS' CONCERT. 80 numerously attended as might have been ex- thanked by a toast from the president. The pected from the prevalence of these sentiments, it Earl of Shrewsbury, in a brief speech, com

On Monday this popular performer had a was, nevertheless, adorned by the presence of plimentary to the noble chairman, and warmly morning concert at the Argyll Rooms, which some eminent personages, who expressed them- approving of the Society and its objects,* gave

was very fully and fashionably attended. The selves on the occasion in language which re- the health of the Duke of Somerset ; for grand attraction of the day was the return of flects lustre on the highest station, and pro- which his grace returned thanks. Lord Gode- Madame Ronzi de Begnis, who looked like mised their zealous support to the Fund here. rich, in an eloquent, manly, and feeling ad- an angel, and sang like a seraph. She took a after, in a manner that cannot fail to be produc- dress, paid a tribute to the genius, patriotism, part in a duet with the Signor, and gave an tive of great future advantages. Among these, and virtues of Mr. Canning, who, but for his aria from Mozart ; — was so enthusiastically we ought in justice to particularise Lord Gode lamented loss, would have presided this day; received,

and loudly applauded, that she was Shrewsbury, Sir Thomas Lawrence, Mr. J. was drank in solemn silence, and with deep arranged,

and supported by a great display of rich and Lord F. L. Gower, and also Lord and proposed a tribute to his memory, which almost overpowered by her emotions. The Cam Hobhouse, and Dr. Lushington. We observe several of the newspapers, in produced a powerful sensation ; and while he musical talent. Caradori

, Brambilla, Mesdames giving an account of the meeting, intimate a taught his hearers how to love and honour the Puzzi, De Vigo, Stockhausen, &c., were heard regret that comparatively few of the distin-dead, he also did what was not his intention to much advantage; and several of the prin. guished authors and eminent booksellers, whose he taught them to admire. and honour the cipal male singers in town exerted their best duty it is to befriend this excellent Institu- living. His lordship's own health was accord- efforts for their brother artist. Signor Puzzi tion, were amongst the company. In some ingly the next, and loudly cheered by every the whole went off with great éclat.

gave an admirable fantasia on the horn: and respect this reproach is merited, and we would voice. Lord F. L. Gower, also, on receiving a not save those to whom it can apply from one similar compliment, returned thanks in a very

MR. CITRIXXTPOTTER'S CONCERT. stripe of its just infliction. To be callous to impressive manner, alluding with appropriate The first movement of Mr. C. Potter's sin. the misery which this Fund alleviates, by tem- felicity to Mr. Lockhart's Life of Burns, to fonia, which opened this concert, was so good, pering with a providential hand the wind to support his reasoning on behalf of the un. that it made us wish for the second ; and we the shorn lamb, is unworthy the character of fortunate, for the relief of whose wants they hope the cordial reception it met with from any man pretending to a love of literature, had met together. In the course of the even- the public, will be an inducement to bring it and far more unworthy of the prosperous cul.

forward on a future occasion as a complete tivators of that field which has proved so • They are thus forcibly described in the address printed piece. Mr. P. also displayed much talent as sterile and thorny to their unfortunate fellow by way of preface to the book-list of subscribers :

" It is not the purpose of the Literary Fund to reward a composer, as well as taste and execution as labourers. But it ought to be remembered, able authorship, which should look for its reward to the a performer on the piano-forte, in his conthat business, illness, and many other insur-nation: nor to encourage bad authorship, nor to sustain certo with rondo à-la-chasse and his rondo mountable reasons, may keep good men from as far as it may, between the meritorious and those ca- à-la-militaire. Miss Stephens sang sweetly attending; and we have little right to pro- lamities against which no rank of merit can be always a in “ Softly sighs,” from Der Freischütz, and nounce opinions, where we cannot know the crushed by misfortunes that defy human prudence; to also in the duet with Mr. Vaughan, “ Qual grounds of action, or rather, in this matter, of save those from falling whose fall would be a scandal to anelante," by Marcello. Caradori was delight. inaction. And if some were away, who ought the literary honour of the country to help those who ful in Pacini's aria from La Schiava in Bagto have been with us, both for their

own sakes being wholfy ruined; to prevent casual poverty from dad, “ Sommo Ciel ;” and Brambilla pleased and the sake of humanity, there were yet a being degraded into desperate privation ; sickness from us much in “ Alma Rea,” from Rossini's number of distinguished literary characters being turned into death; and, where idea this ine itable; Sigismonda. The quintetto from Il Turco in present; and as far as regards booksellers, we and orphan of the man of genius will not be cast loose to Italia, “Oh guardate,” also gave scope to the

the bitter chances of the

world. It is a praise which the powers of these ladies, in concert with Signori • It may not be so generally known as we wish to make this in a multitude of instances; and if it have not done Curioni, De Begnis, and Pellegrini. Signor it, that in order to promote the interests of this Fund, it in all

, it is neither from narrowness in its principle nor De Begnis displayed his accustomed humour, many of the Members of the Committee of Management defect in its conduct. It has restricted its hand by, no both in this quintet, and in the duet “ D'un friends of the charity, form a Club, which meets monthly party feeling, or place of birth.”'It receives all claims bell' uso," from the same opera. Mr. Oury for about eight months of the year, in London; and that alike; desires no other attestation than the evidence that received much applause for his performance a more general meeting is annually held at Greenwich. its bounty is necessary, and then distributes to the utmost At this meeting, which, though of a social kind, does not of its means. Since its commencement in the year 1790, on the violin; and Mr. Nicholson executed a for the following anniversary are often enlisted in the upwards of one thousand cases; some of them of a re. The overtures of Beethoven and Mozart were repress the great object of the Society, valuable Stewards the Literary Fund has relieved, in an essential manner, fantasia on the fute in his very best style. quainted with the Institution, have, from pleasantly was immediate and public. But the few instances which exceedingly well performed. mingling with its friends here, become themselves its may have thus escaped into observation, can furnish no ardent supporters. Foreign literati are also frequently estimate of the actual extent of service.

THE MASTERS SCHULZ, FROM VIENNA. brought to this rendezvous, and share with no small mass of lonely misery the bounty of the Fund, may have Many of our readers may remember these white bait, and all appliances to boot”); "and combining spirits It has cheered to new exertions; what sick beds it young musicians, who, by their performances with it the best feelings of the heart: for the Committee has made the beds of health; what years of helpless on the piano - forte and guitar, delighted to the wretched; and its close is devoted to the same agonies of mind among a class of men whom the habits royal and fashionable circles some few years end, while enjoying the

pleasures of good-humoured re- of their whole lives, their education, and intelligence, ago. Since that period they have been ma. laxation. Having said so much, we ought to advertise render most vulnerable in the mind, have been healed,- turing the talents then so strikingly displayed, the Literary Fund Society, that the lath of June is the gotten where it is most important for men, and even for and have returned with increased claims on day fixed for the Greenwich sub-anniversary.

institutions, that they should be remembered.” the attention of musical amateurs. Immedia

How vast a

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