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operation was completed in less than a week. He then observed, that the naval power of LITERARY AND LEARNED. They then turned-to with good will; and England was laid by Alfred, who, in order to OXFORD, May 3.-On Wednesday last, the following de you will be surprised when I tell you that in prevent invasion, built a fleet of galleys, which grees were conferred :two months we have cleared away nearly a surpassed in size and velocity those of his prin. Paley, University College: Rev. T. Penruddocke, Wade
Masters of Arts.-C. H. Turner, Christ Church; T. square quarter of a mile of African wood and cipal enemy, the Danes; and having contrived ham College; Rev. R. Shuckburgh, Trinity College; jungle ;--we have cut carriage-roads through these himself, he may truly be considered, in E. H. B. Estcourt, Fellow of Merton College, the whole of the establishment, which mea- the order of time, the first naval architect for
Bachelors of ArtsThe Right Hon. John Viscount En
combe, New College, Grand Compounder; T. Spears, sures nearly a square mile in extent ;-We ships of war of which England can boast. Pembroke College ; G. H. Goodwin, Queen's College ; have built a block-house, hospital, a house for His remarks then went to the succeeding E. c. Harington, Worcester College; W. M. Du Pre,
Christ Church. the master builder, several large storehouses, reigns until the Conquest, and he clearly shewed
R. T. Tucker, B.A. of Queen's College, Cambridge, workshops, bakehouse, &c. &c. We have a that this country was prosperous or otherwise, was admitted ad eundem. market twice a-week, at which we purchase even in this remote period of its history, as the stock of all kinds for iron hoop, bar iron, and naval force was increased or neglected.
ROYAL SOCIETY. common knives. We get a good sheep for six The conquest of England by William gave May 1st, a paper was read, entitled, A Deinches of bar; and eight fowls, or a hundred- a great accession of strength, and it was at this scription of a Vertical Floating Collimator, and weight of yams, for the same quantity. Fruits time that the sovereignty of the narrow seas an Account of its Applieation to Astronomical are scarce; and what there are, are wild and was claimed, which claim was maintained Observations, with a Circle, and with a Zenith uncultivated, and consequently insipid. The during the next century; and in the reign Telescope. By Capt. Henry Kater, V.P.R.S. natives are a harmless, inoffensive race of of John, the English enforced, not only this, The construction of the instrument which people ; very filthy in their habits:-mx. gr. but a right to the whole sea--for it was enacted, forms the subject of this paper is a material they plait their hair into long ringlets, which that if the masters of foreign ships should improvement on that of the horizontal floating flow over their shoulders ; these ringlets are refuse to strike their colours to the flag of collimator, of which an account was given by clotted with palm oil and red clay, and thus all England, such ships should be considered law. the author in the Philosophical Transactions round their necks and all over their shoulders ful prizes.
for 1825. Its superiority is derived from its is running this precious mixture. The com- The next part particularly worthy of no- adaptation to the vertical, instead of the hori. monalty besmear their whole bodies with this tice, is that in which he described the ships of |zontal, position, by which the sources of error compound; while the chiefs, by way of distinc- the reign of Edward I. as being “ nude in arising from the necessity of transferring the tion, cover their bodies, face, &c. with a thick form, fitted with one mast only, and little instrument to different sides of the observatory, coating of gray clay, which gives them a very capable of performing voyages, except the wind and of taking the float out of the mercury and singular appearance, their eyes being the only blew on the shore whence their attention was replacing it at each observation, are wholly black part about them. Clothing they have directed. In the middle of these ships ma-obviated. The vertical floating collimator has none to boast of: their caps are basket-work, chines were placed for projecting darts or the further advantage of being adapted for use, ornamented with feathers, monkeys' sculls, stones, and forward and abaft were castles, not only with a circle, but also with a telescope, bones, &c.; and the chiefs have rams' horns in which archers and cross-bow men were either of the refracting or reflecting kind. Such in theirs, to demonstrate their dignity. Their placed ; but when they came to close-quarters, a telescope, furnished with a wire micrometer, arms are long, wooden, barbed spears; they the sword was the weapon used.”
and directed to the zenith, becomes a zenith have also the sling, with which they are very He then dilated upon the changes which the telescope, free from all the objections to which expert. They are extremely jealous of their introduction of the mariner's compass, and the zenith sector, and the zenith telescope, with women ; though, heaven knows, they have not cannon, had brought about in naval architec- a plumb-line, are liable. much to fear from us on their account, as I ture, and stated, that no better description The instrument itself is supported on a square never saw a race of human beings so like the could be given of the infant state of naviga- mahogany stand, which slides on two parallel monkey breed in my life. All the natives, tion immediately before this period, than that beams, fixed at the upper part of the observa. male and female, have their faces dreadfully by Dryden ;
tory, in the direction of the meridian, and seamed, being cut across in different streaks “ Rude as their ships were navigated then,
which has a circular aperture in the centre, with knives, which does not much improve
No useful compass, or meridian known;
guarded at its edge by a projecting rim of iron, their appearance and beauty. They continue And knew no north but when the pole-star shone." to admit of the passage of the telescope. The to be much terrified at the report of a musket.
He then proceeded to describe the magni- telescope, which is forty inches long, is supThough the use and construction have been ficent ship laid down by Henry VII., called ported in the vertical position by a bridge, con. explained to them, they always approach with the Great Harry, examined her critically, from necting it with a circular iron ring, ten inches great caution and distrust.
a beautiful model placed before him, and shew and six-tenths in diameter, which floats in mer. Palm oil may be procured at about a pennyed the peculiarities of her build, and the merits cury. The mercury is contained in a circular per gallon. and defects of her construction.
iron trough, the central aperture of which is We regret to hear that the ulcer cases are
All the improvements which had been made suficiently large to allow of its turning freely becoming very serious.
in naval architecture during the succeeding round the rim which rises from the margin of It is mentioned to us, on the authority of reigns to that of Charles I were adverted to the aperture of the stand. The object-glass of another letter, that nutmeg and other spices and he exhibited a draught of the Sovereign of the telescope is placed at its lowest end, and its have been found growing in a wild state.
the Seas, a ship then built by Phineas Pett, a focus is occupied by a diaphragm, composed of graduate of Cambridge, which ship, for that two brass plates, each cut so as to form an angle
period, he considered a master-piece of the art. of 135 deg. and placed opposite to each other, Friday evening, May 2d. - Mr. Knowles,
Beautiful models of an ancient galley, of the so that the angular points are brought to an F.R.S., of the Navy Office, delivered, before Great Harry, and a very complete drawing of accurate coincidence, thus leaving on each side the president and members of this Iuscitution, the Sovereign of the Seas, were exhibited, to intervening spaces, which form vertical angles a lecture upon the rise, progress, and present establish the observations of the lecturer. of 45 deg. each. The telescope below, whether state of naval architecture in Great Britain."
Mr. Knowles intimated his intention of re- belonging to a circle or a zenith telescope, is to Mr. Knowles prefaced his discourse by shew. suming this interesting subject on Friday be directed so that the image of these angles ing the advantages of naval architecture to all evening, the 16th inst., and of then explaining shall be bisected by the micrometer wire ; for commercial countries, and the benefits which all the modern improvements in the art, by which purpose the diaphragin of the collimator England has at all times derived from her suitable models.
is illuminated by a bull's-eye lantern, placed naval force : and that his meaning of terms
at a convenient distance upon one of the beams relative to the higher branch of naval science
crossing the observatory; the light being re
NEW PUBLICATIONS. might not be misunderstood, he entered into
flected downwards by a plane mirror placed in an elaborate but sufficiently plain description Hall's New General Allas. Part VII.
a screen, with a suitable aperture immediately of the methods of finding the displacement of If improvement could readily take place on a above the collimator. The collimator is then Aoating bodies, – their stability, by a point production which we liked so much from its to be turned half round in azimuth, the motion called the metacentre, the merit of discovering commencement, we would say that this Allas being facilitated by rollers, and limited at its which he gave to M. Bouguer, - the resist- improves as it goes on. The present Part con-extent by two catches, which receive a projectance of Auids to bodies passing through them, sists of England and Wales, China, and Van ing wire fixed to the outer circle of the troughi
. - the motive power of the wind on the sails, Diemen's land
all executed in a manner than when in this situation, the observation of the and the proper proportions of length to which nothing can be more excellent in map- diaphragm by the telescope, and the bisection breadth of ships. ping.
1 of its angles, are to be sepeated, and the mean
THE FRESCOS BY PAUL VERONESE.
No. 99. Esther approaching Ahasuerus. feeling of truth which communicates so exqui- road from Germany to the Milanese, by the G. Jones, R.A.-We are rejoiced to see Mr. site a charm to all Mr. Collins's performances.* Valteline; and completes the first volume of Jones employing his talents on a subject of
this highly interesting publication. The Pass a high and classical character; his qualifica
of the Monte Stelvio is, as Mr. Brockedon obtions for distinguishing himself in which, we Her Majesty the Queen Dowager of Wirtem- serves, a work of great political importance; as have repeatedly asserted in the Literary Ga
burg, and Princess Royal of England. En. it will enable the Emperor of Austria, in case zette, when commenting on his admirable graved by W. Skelton, from a Miniature by of necessity, to descend directly upon Milan, drawings. The picture under our notice ful.
without violating the territory, or infringing fils our most sanguine prognostics.
It is We were not so fortunate as to see her ma- the privileges, of any other government in his worthy the pencil of Rembrandt.
jesty during her recent visit to England; but line of march. The plates in the present NumNo. 10. Italian Scene in the Anno Santo; the general resemblance in this pleasing and ber are at least equal to those of any of its prePilgrims arriving in sight of Rome and st. unaffected portrait to the other members of our decessors. The Galleries in the WurmserPeter's: Evening. c. Eastlake, A._We have royal family, convinces us that it must be a Lock, the Ortler-Spitz, and the Baths of Bor. no hesitation in saying that this is one of good likeness.
mio, give an admirable idea of the elevated reMr. Eastlake's happiest productions. He has The Costume of the British Army. Litho- gions which the skill and perseverance of man shewn great skill in the variety of action and attitude of his devout travellers; and still
graphed by M. Gauci, from original Draw. have rendered easily accessible; while Sondrio, ings by E. Hull. No. I. Engelmann.
Lecco, and Como, afford specimens of the more in the judicions gradation of their ex- To all who honour (and who does not honour ?) beauty, which is the near neighbour of so much pression. The picture is very harmoniously our brave army, these slight but spirited sketches sublimity. coloured ; and we were much pleased with the will be interesting. They must be especially character of its execution, which is sufficiently so to every military man. clean, without any approach to hardness.
It affords us great satisfaction to learn that No. 193. A Composition, taken from the Salvator Mundi. Engraved by H. R. Cook, the British Institution, and some of its leading following Passages of the Eleventh Book of from a Picture by Carlino Dolci; and printed members and most distinguished patrons of the Milton's Paradise Lost. W. Etty, R.A. in gold. J. W. Cook,
fine arts, have it in contemplation to secure Elect.-(The passages are from the descrip- A TENDER, beautiful, and highly finished these invaluable treasures for our National tion of Adam's vision of his posterity.) Many stippled engraving of the well-known ornament Gallery. As works of art they are unique in parts of this performance display Mr. Etty's of Burleigh House.
England ; and we never entertained a doubt great talents to advantage. There is, never
that their only proper destination was such as theless, much to blame and lament. The A Picturesque Tour of the River Thames, from is promised by this patriotic design. These action of some of the figures is outrageous. Oxford to its Mouth. From Drawings by specimens, which are now in Maddox Street, One female in particular, dancing with all W. Westall, A.R.A. No. I. Ackermann. enable the public to judge what glorious proher might, so strongly reminded us of a pass. It is justly observed in the prospectus, that ductions they are ;-and we should, indeed, age, not in Milton's Paradise Lost, but in “the shores of the Thames display all the lament to see the collection either separated, Burns's Tam O'Shanter, that, while we gazed softer graces and all the attractive loveliness of or suffered to become the property of any other at her, we could scarcely refrain from ex- Nature in her sweetest mood, heightened by than the British nation. claiming, “ Weel done, cutty Sark !". We the taste, skill, and ingenuity of man.” Judghave already warned Mr. Etty to avoid that ing from the present specimen, which contains GREAT PICTURE OF THE VISION OF JOSEPH. deadly sin against good taste, voluptuousness. Views of Windsor, Oxford, 'Pope's Villa at Mr. J. B. LANE's work on this sacred subject We warn him again. To advert to minor Twickenham, and Richmond-delicately en is now to be seen at Charing Cross, the private matters ; surely the strong opposition of the graved in aquatinta, and coloured this will be view being to-day, and the public exhibition on blue sky in the back-ground, although it may a very pleasing work. It is to be completed in Monday, et seq. Having more than once men. serve to relieve the figures in front, and al. six Numbers, and is accompanied by historical tioned this picture during its progress at Rome, though it may occasionally have had the and descriptive illustrations.
we need not now do more than state the result sanction of Titian, is unnecessarily harsh and Studies from Nature of the Dutch School. By It belongs to the grandest or epic class in art,
of a rapid glance at it in its present situation. crude. No. 174. Cupid and Nymph. W. Hilton,
P. Wonder. Drawn on stone by J. C. Zeit- and treats the supernatural vision of Joseph in R.A._We have scarcely ever seen any thing A DOZEN single figures from the picturesque Raphael in his Transfiguration) two periods of
an extremely bold manner, embracing (like more captivating than this beautiful group. Lasses and occupations of life; exhibiting con- time,-namely, the apparition and warning of Rubens might have painted the flesh glowingly, diversifying his tints with all the siderable character, and drawn with a very the angel, and the subsequent attack upon the hues of the rainbow; but what would have artist-like feeling.
Innocents by the emissaries of Herod, the been his forms ? where would have been the Mademoiselle Sontag. Drawn on
former on the right, and the latter on the left charm of playful yet pure expression which
stone by of the canvass, and the angel in the centre illuminates this delightful work? Nor let us The expression of the face is pensive and 24 feet in height, and displays many of the
Albert Hoffay. M'Clary.
affecting both. This grand production is nearly of colouring, to imply that Mr. Hilton is de- pleasing, but we have not yet seen a satisfac- noblest qualities of the Roman school. There ficient in that respecto His picture is sweetly tory representation of this fascinating song- is
, indeed, no difficulty in painting with which though chastely coloured.
our countryman has not grappled in a dashing No. 177. A Lady of Rank of the Fifteenth Miranda. Engraved by E. Scriven, from a style, whether in colouring, in grouping, in Century, with two Attendanks. G. Saint Picture by W. Hilton, R.A. Moon, Boys, foreshortening, or in expression and passion. Evre. The name of the artist being new to and Graves.
The Holy Family, in repose, is contrasted, not us, and being that of a foreigner, we turned To say that this is truly Shakespeare's, not only with the ferocious soldiers who are de. to the appendix of the catalogue, and found Dryden's, Miranda, is to say that it possesses stroying the children, but with a gigantic figure that M. Saint Evre is a Parisian. We assure every charm of united loveliness and innocence. Jof Goliah, introduced metaphorically:--but we him, however, that it is not politeness to a Mr. Scriven's part in this beautiful print does have not time for criticism, and must recomstranger, but justice to a man of talent, which him much credit.
mend it to our friends to see this remarkable induces us to express our admiration of his
effort of an English artist. The catalogue work, which is replete with good taste, and the Passes of the dips. By W. Brockedon, gives a curious account of the reception of the the composition and character of which are Member of the Academy of Fine Arts at picture at Rome, where priests, cardinals, and very interesting and dramatic. M. Saint
Florence. No. VI. Rodwell.
even the Pope and Inquisition, were excited by Evre's style very much resembles that of the Tue present Number contains illustrations of its appearance, and finally turned its author English school; and would do credit to any the Pass of the Monte Stelvio, the new military out of the Eternal City. school whatever.
At the dinner of the Royal Academy, the President No. 59. Doubtful Weather. W. Collins, proposed the toasts with great degance: the Duke of
DRAMA. R.A.–That you may swear to. To say no.. briefly; and Sir Walter Scott, whose health was drank as
KING'S THEATRE. thing of the tones of the sky, the action of Antiquary to the Society, raised a healty laugh, by telling EVERY night an overflow rewards the spirited the old fisherman is as intelligible as any lan the company that his appointment had been promised to conduct of M. Laporte. Novelty and excelguage could possibly be. The scene is on the him thus to exert Himgell before he had been more than lence are the sure cards to play at such a coast; and the picture is painted with that an hour among them.
theatre as this, where fashion bólds the first
13, and taste thn nevad. We are glad to len than right, and the tuer under the gallery
The English climate, it is sa., dues but agree
with this fair and deliyl.tutors. DIET LAXE.
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the counteraktion of that deformity www na by
e as the new to the English sincs a tur years, we of deel als das gratis inurrand. METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL, 1998.
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