Imatges de pÓgina
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cold and ecstacy ; 'those universities have been was to her a mighty amusement to laugh and he certainly had some slight idea that he hima dead weight on the country for centuries ; talk aloud, especially during those passages self might be driven mad by the young lady's but their inanity and weakness will be exposed, of the performance which were most interesting perverseness and obstinacy.

Therefore he and the whole system exploded. There is not to the rest of the audience. By such means adopted the very wise and prudent precaution, a common boys' school in the kingdom which did Miss Glossop manifest her own importance in such cases made and provided, of sending does not teach ten times more useful knowledge and superiority. This kind of public rudeness the lovely and loving Arabella to his worthy than both the universities put together, and all passed with the ignorant people in the country friend and relative, Sir George Aimwell, Bart.”' the public schools into the bargain. Why, sir, for elegance and fashion. The young lady was We extract one or two of the scattered obif you send a boy to school now, he does not in error in this respect. But not only was she servations, which we think will justify our spend, as he did formerly, ten or twelve years wrong in her calculations on this point. Many praise. in learning the Latin grammar; but now he other blunders did she make. For being very “ From these circumstances it may be then learns Latin and Greek, and French, German, pretty, she thought herself handsome; and easily inferred that Penelope was not in an Spanish, Italian, dancing, drawing, music, being tall, she thought herself elegant; and enviable situation, and that nothing could have mapping, the use of the globes, chemistry, his- being acquainted with many books, she thought supported her spirits but that exceedingly tory, botany, mechanics, hydrostatics, hydrau- herself learned ; and having a full, clear, com- strong propensity to bright hopes which is the lics, hydrodynamics, astronomy, geology, gym- prehensive voice, she thought herself a beau. characteristic of the youthful mind, and about nastics, architecture, engineering, ballooning, tiful singer ; and being able to perform at which moralists, and essay-writers, and other and many more useful and indispensable arts sight very complicated pieces of music, she wiseacres, make such a prodigious and prosy and sciences; so that he is fitted for any station apprehended that she was an excellent mu- preachment. Mr. Malthus himself could not in life, from a prime minister down to a shoe- sician; and being rude and blunt in her man- desire a more effectual means of thinning the black.' Before this speech was finished, Mr. ner of speaking, she thought herself a person denseness of population, than causing every Primrose was fast asleep; but short is the of great intellectual superiority; and from mind, if it were possible, to form such a view sleep in a coach that travels by night. The being very much stared at, she took it for of future days as should be actually realised by coach stopped and woke our foreigner from a granted that she was very much admired. Now the event. But it never will be so, and it frightful dream. We do not wish to terrify this lady did not apprehend that there was any never can be so: Providence is wiser and our readers, but we must relate the dream in individual in the compass of her provincial ac- kinder than moralists and essay-writers; and consequence of its singularity. He dreamed, quaintance worthy to aspire to the honour of Providence has given to the young that brightthen, that he was in the island of Laputa, and her hand ; and she was in the habit of giving ness of hope, the pleasures of which are far that having provoked the indignation of some herself such arrogant and domineering airs at greater than the pains of disappointment. The of the learned professors by expressing a doubt the country balls, that a facetiously inclined very disappointments of maturer life bring as to the practicability of some of their schemes, young gentleman once actually contrived in the with them some pleasurable alleviation in the he was sentenced to be buried alive under a advertisement announcing these balls to have eloquence and pathos with which we sigh and pyramid of encyclopædias. Just as the cruel the name of Arabella Glossop, Esq. printed as lament over the deceitfulness of the world's people were putting the sentence into execu- one of the stewards. The circumstance caused promises ; and thus there is a double good detion, he woke and found his coat-collar almost a great deal of talk at the time; but it is now rived from a single evil. For youth is pleased in his mouth, and heard the word "ology' totally forgotten, or at least very seldom al. as it looks forward to manhood, and manhood from the lips of his fellow-traveller. He was luded to. The printer of the paper was forced is soothed and instructed as it looks backward very glad to find that matters were no worse." to tell a great many lies to save himself from to youth. The following is a lively sketch :

serious inconvenience. At one of these country Now, to render exhortation palatable, or “ There was residing under the roof of Sir balls there happened to be a lieutenant who even tolerable, requires a very considerable George Aimwell, a young lady who had been was quartered in that neighbourhood, and was share of address and dexterity ; more, indeed, consigned to the care of the worthy baronet. a person of exceedingly good address, and also than usually falls to the lot of clerical or of The name of this lady was Arabella Glossop. of good understanding, except that he was so laical gentry. It is easy enough to utter most She had very recently been sent to Neverden very desirous of obtaining a fortune, that, for majestically and authoritatively a mass of com. by her careful father, in order that time, absence, the sake of money, he would willingly have mon places concerning the dangers to which and change of scene, might eradicate from her married Miss Glossop. He had heard reports young people are exposed in the world. It is mind an unfortunate attachment which she of the lady's fortune, and these reports were easy to say, “ Now let me advise you always had formed for a pennyless lieutenant. Here of course exaggerated. He paid the usual to be upon your guard against the allurements we cannot but suggest to our legislators an attentions, and was so far successful, that, had of the world, and to conduct yourself circumimprovement which might and ought to be it not been for some untoward accident, Mr. spectly, and be very, very attentive to all the made in our military code. It is melancholy Glossop's ambition of matching his daughter proper decorums and duties of your station." to think how many instances have occurred of with some gentleman of fortune and considera- Such talk as this any body may utter; and men of low family and no fortune winning the tion in the county, would have been frustrated when young people commence life they expect hearts of young ladies of high birth, of re- by a poor lieutenant. As soon as the unfor- to hear such talk; and for the most part, to spectable connexions, and of good fortune. tunate attachment was made known to the say the best of it, it produces no effect, good, This might be prevented by a law making it father, he put himself with all suitable speed bad, or indifferent." felony for a military officer without fortune to into a most towering passion ; he banged all There is one old custom in these pages, fall in love with a lady of good family. Miss the doors, thumped all the tables, kicked all more honoured in the breach than the ob. Glossop was not indeed of high family; but the chairs, and, but for the interference of Mrs. servance :" we mean, giving most significant she was the daughter of a gentleman whose Glossop, would have broken all the crockery in names to the characters. Such appellations family had with great diligence been pushing the house, because his daughter would not listen as Lord Smatterton, Lord Spoonbill, Colonel itself up into consideration and importance. to reason. The young lady was locked up; Crop, &c. are never met with in real life ; and The mortification of any thing like a humiliat- but the young lady grew sulky, and thought vulgarity of sound is the only effect they pro. ing connexion was so much the greater. Mr. that her dear lieutenant was the most charming duce. Glossop, the young lady's father, was an emi. creature in the world, because her father was The whole work impresses us with the idea nent solicitor in a small but genteel town, and in a violent passion. And the more angry was that it is the performance of an observant perhad married a distant relation of Sir George Mr. Glossop, the more deeply in love was Miss son, who has lived in the country, in good Aimwell. Of this connexion Mr. Glossop was Glossop. We have said that the young lady country society: of the town and upper life he naturally proud ; and he made the most of it. was locked up. Now Arabella did not like knows nothing, except from novel and news. In the town where he lived was a theatre; and this discipline ; and she seriously threatened paper report. But he is an intelligent person ; the company which performed there was pro- her inexorable paa, that if she was not suffered and Penelope, in spite of its outrageous and nounced by such London performers as occa- to have her own way, she would either starve stupid puffs, is a far superior production to sionally lent their mighty selves for provincial herself to death or go mad. This last idea was Truckleborough Hall. exhibition, to be one of the best provincial com- no doubt suggested by a pathetic passage in panies they had ever performed with. When one of Oliver Goldsmith's poems, wherein he Narrative of the Peninsular War. By the an actor from London made his appearance on says

Marquess of Londonderry. the stage, Miss Glossop honoured the theatre

The dog to gain his private ends

[Third notice: conclusion.7 with her presence. Greatly did the young

The next action that was fought proved little lady surprise the natives by her studied inat- Whatever apprehensions Mr. Glossop might in favour of the force described in the extract tention to what was passing on the stage. It entertain concerning his daughter's madness, with which our last paper closed.

Went mad.'

"The truth is, (says the author,) that men i no fewer than 8577. Of the enemy's loss we never afterwards laid aside, of throwing off at could not more carefully avoid coming to close were necessarily unable to form a calculation settled points on established days in every quarters with their adversaries, than the Spanish equally exact, but it was estimated to amount week, whilst the army was not in the field; troops did this day. To us it was quite annoying to full 8000, among whom were three generals and the incidents, replete with mirth, to which to see with how much caution they hung back, killed, and many superior officers wounded. these meetings gave rise, are far too numerous when every thing invited them to advance; and, The latter fact we learned from our prisoners, to be recorded, though they will be long reto confess the truth, we acquired for them a feel- who asserted that the casualties among their membered. Then, in our quarters, we lived ing of distrust, of which, during some time- leaders had been such as to leave the troops in gaily and well. A spirit of good-fellowship I might have said during the remainder of the many instances at a loss from whom to receive and hospitality every where prevailed ; and in war-we bardly succeeded in divesting our orders; and that this circumstance, more than the midst of war, balls, private theatricals, and selves.”

any other, led to the retreat from the height, agreeable parties, were things of continual Lord Londonderry bestows the utmost praise and the abandonment of further operations. occurrence. It is unnecessary to add, that this upon the position taken up by his commander During the battle of Albuera, a number of system, whilst it detracted in no degree from at the battle of Talavera, where, “out of nine- little events occurred, some of them honourable the discipline and efficiency of the troops, teen thousand men, which formed the whole of in the highest degree to individuals, and others, spread abroad among those who came under our effective force when the battle began, up- not disgraceful, but somewhat ludicrous. It its influence the very best disposition and temwards of four thousand were either killed or is not necessary for me to add my tribute of per ; and all men really learned to love their wounded ; and among them were many officers, respect to the memory of the brave youth, occupation, even at its most trying moments, whose services, at a juncture like the present, Ensign Thomas, of the buffs, who refused to from a recollection of the many enjoyments of could ill be spared.”

resign the standard of his regiment except which it was the parent.” Busaco, the next battle of consequence, is with life, and whose life paid the forfeit of his With this extract we shall conclude. The clearly described ; and on this, as on one or two devoted gallantry. Though young in years, only event of importance which is afterwards other occasions, it is maintained that Massena and holding but an inferior rank in his profes- mentioned, is the storming of Ciudad Rodrigo did not display the highest skill of an assailant. sion, his name will be recorded in the list of in 1812 ; but the noble writer promises us anHe took the bull by the horns (to use a vulgar those of whom England has just cause to be other volume of the campaigns of 1813-14 in proverb), and lost five or six thousand men, proud ; and his example will doubtless be fol- Germany and France, should his recollections while our loss fell considerably short of one lowed by others, as often as the chances of of the preceding war in the Peninsula interest thousand.

war may leave them only a choice between his “ brother officers." As critics we would If between the battles we do not follow the death and dishonour. But there were one or say, that, some details spared, it would interest noble author, it is because no epitome, within two circumstances besides this of which little the public more ; but still it is a valuable cona the space we are able to allot, can render his notice has elsewhere been taken, and which tribution to the history of an era and contest details of positions, movements, operations, and appear to me to be deserving of some passing never to be forgotten. A map, some plans, rumours and changes caused by them, suffi. record. During the hottest of the action, and an appendix of military returns, &c. add ciendly interesting to the civil, or sufficiently Marshal Beresford exposed himself with a deo to its documentary worth. We have underexplanatory to the military, reader ; and which, gree of intrepidity which could hardly fail of stood that the substance of the narrative is after all, are, as we have mentioned, more likely spreading an example of heroism around. He comprehended in letters originally addressed to to attract the latter than the former. We thus repeatedly dragged the Spanish officers from the author's near relation, the late Marquess of leap to Albuera, one of the most sanguinary their ranks, compelling them to lead their men Londonderry. fights of the whole contest.

forward, and shew them the way; and when * Our artillery vas admirably served : its individually charged by a Polish lancer, he An Introduction to Geology, fc. By Robert fire was very destructive, and the men stood to grappled his adversary by the throat, and threw Bakewell. Third Edition, with New Plates, their guns till many of them were sabred ; him from his saddle. A very different fate &c. 8vo. pp. 540. London, 1828. Longindeed, there was not an officer or soldier in attended the personal exertions of the Portu- man and Co. any department of the army who failed this guese staff. They too were charged by a single The former editions of this work contained day in doing more than his duty. I have lancer, who knocked down one with the butt much original information respecting the geoalready spoken of the daring intrepidity of the of his pike, overset another man and horse, logy of our own country, which was then but fusileers, and it deserves to be held up to re- and gave ample employment to the entire little known, and the explanations of the prin. membrance; but the bravery of the 57th and head-quarters before he was finally despatched. ciples of the science were clearly and intel. 31st fell in no degree short of that of their These heroes declared, that the man seemed ligibly stated ;-hence it was favourably re. comrades. These regiments having ascended possessed by an evil spirit; and that when he ceived, and has long been out of print. Since the height, stood their ground nobly against fell at last, he literally bit the ground. The the publication of the last edition, the author all the efforts of a column of French grenadiers. lancers, as is well known, were peculiarly dar- has been (he informs us in the preface) actively The enemy's fire thinned their ranks, but never ing in their attacks, and merciless in their engaged in examining and re-examining the once broke them; for at the close of the action, nperations. They seldom paused to offer quar- principal situations of much geological interest the dead and wounded were found in two dis- ter, but speared our men without mercy, whe-in Great Britain, and in comparing the rich tinct lines, upon the very spots which they had ther offering resistance, or giving proofs of formations with those which he has scrutinised occupied whilst alive and fighting. They submission."

in France, Switzerland, and Savoy. These fought, too, in every imaginable order which In the midst, or rather during intervals, of comparisons will be found particularly instrucinfantry can be called upon to assume. They this slaughter, it completes the picture to peruse tive, and, with the large additions made to all resisted cavalry in square, deployed again into the amusements of the combatants, the staff

, the chapters, give to the present volume the line, received and returned repeated volleys, and other officers.

character of a new work. Among the chapwhilst a few yards only divided them from “ No set of persons could more industriously ters that are entirely new, of which there are their opponents; and at last carried every thing strive to unite mirth with hardships, and re- five, Chap. XVIII. on the destruction of moun. before them by a charge with the bayonet. laxation with severe duty. For some time we tains, on alluvial and diluvial depositions, and All this could not, of course, be done without a contented ourselves with keeping pointers and on the bones of quadrupeds in beds of gravel prodigioas slaughter on both sides ; indeed, grayhounds, and indulging, as often as oppor- and clay, and in caverns; and Chap. XIX. on the killed and wounded lay in masses so com- tunities offered, in the sports of shooting, the formation of valleys, and on deluges and fact, that full seven thousand bodies occupied coursing, and fishing ; but now a taste for denudations, will perhaps be the most interestthe space of a few hnndred feet; and our artil hunting began to prevail amongst us, and fox-ing to the general reader, as they contain an lery, when advancing towards the close of the hounds and harriers, more or less numerous account of the great changes which the surface day, were compelled to pass over them, deaf to and good, were established in the different of our globe appears to have undergone at their cries, and averting their gaze from the divisions of the army. At head-quarters we comparatively recent periods. At the conclu. brave fellows thus laid prostrate in the dust. were fortunate enough to become possessed of sion of Chap. VIII. on the coal strata, the The victory was a highly important one, but it an excellent pack, which afforded us much author has introduced some observations on was purchased at a rate dearer than had been amusement, and occupied time which would the period when the coal mines of England required to secure any other victory in the have otherwise hung heavily on our hands ; must (as he contends) be exhausted. These Peninsula. Out of 7500 British troops en- and it is worthy of remark, that in such minor we shall extract, as they relate to a subject in Enged, 4158 were placed hors de combat, the undertakings, no man entered more heartily which every Englishman is more or less conPortuguese lost 389, and the Spaniards nearly than our leader. It was during this summer cerned. 900, that there fell of the allies this day .bat he first instituted the custom, which be “ Coal was known, and partially used, at & very early period of our history. I was in Yorkshire which are yet unwrought; but the Pelham ; or, the Adventures of a Gentleman. formed by the late Marquess of Hastings, that time is not very distant when they must be

3 vols. 12mo. H. Colburn. stone hammers and stone tools were found in put in requisition to supply the vast demand of Though too late in the week to do these some of the old workings in his mines at that populous manufacturing county, which at pages justice, we cannot refrain from their Ashby Wolds ; and his lordship informed me present consumes nearly all the produce of its merited, though passing, eulogium. If the also, that similar stone tools had been dis own coal mines. In the midland counties, most brilliant wit ; remarks as acute in obcovered in the old workings in the coal mines Staffordshire possesses the nearest coal district servation as they are profound in judgment; in the north of Ireland. Hence we may infer to the metropolis of any great extent; but playful satire, by the side of sound philosophy; that these coal mines were worked at a very such is the immense daily consumption of coal a narrative whose interest never flags ; and remote period, when the use of metallic tools in the iron-furnaces and founderies, that it is some pictures of the most rivetting interest ; was not general. The burning of coal was generally believed this will be the first of —if these can make a work popular, Pelham prohibited in London in the year 1308, by the our own coal-fields that will be exhausted. will be as first-rate in celebrity as it is in excel. royal proclamation of Edward the First. In The thirty-feet bed of coal in the Dudley coal. lence. The scenes are laid in the present day, the reign of Queen Elizabeth the burning of field is of limited extent ; and in the present and in fashionable life; but we protest against coal was again prohibited in London during mode of working it, more than two-thirds of meaning to class it with the general run of the sitting of parliament, lest the health of the the coal is wasted and left in the mine. If we “ fashionable novels," written with the Court knights of the shire should suffer injury during look to Whitehaven or Lancashire, or to any Guide, like a rhyming dictionary, by way of their abode in the metropolis. In the year 1643 of the minor coal-fields in the west of England, help, on the table. The great merit of Pelham the use of coal had become so general, and the we can derive little hope of their being able to is its individuality of character : but we must price being then very high, many of the poor supply London and the southern counties with leave it till next week to justify praise such as are said to have perished for want of fuel. At coal, after the import of coal fails from Nor- we now bestow. the present day, when the consumption of coal thumberland and Durham. We may thus in our iron-furnaces and manufactories, and anticipate a period, not very remote, when all The Prima Donna ; a Tale of To-Day. 12mo.

Edward Bull. for domestic use, is immense, we cannot but the English mines of coal and iron-stone will regard the exhaustion of our coal-beds as in. be exhausted ; and, were we disposed to in- We must beg leave to quote a portion of this volving the destruction of a great portion of dulge in gloomy forebodings, like the ingeni- soi-disant " author's” preface. “ It was the our private comfort and national prosperity: ous authoress of the Last Man,' we might author's original intention to produce a work Nor is the period very remote when the coal draw a melancholy picture of our starving entitled the Female Character”—“ but think. districts which at present supply the metropolis and declining population, and describe some

ing the title he had first chosen of a too digwith fuel will cease to yield any more. The manufacturing patriarch travelling to see the nified and general description, he has adopted annual quantity of coal shipped in the rivers last expiring English furnace before he emi. one which he has reason to believe will be of Tyne and Wear, according to Mr. Bailey, grated to distant regions. Fortunately, how- greater attraction, although not relating to the exceeded three million tons. A cubic yard of ever, we have in South Wales, adjoining the whole of the work, which professes rather to coal weighs nearly one ton, and the number Bristol Channel, an almost exhaustless sup

illustrate than to develop the female characof tons contained in a bed of coal one square ply of coal and iron-stone which are yet ter.”. A most modest setting forth of our mile in extent and one yard in thickness, is nearly unwrought. It has been stated that

“ author's" intentions ! whose originality must about four millions. The number and extent of this coal-field extends over about 1200 square be great, when we just mention, that the all the principal coal-beds in Northumberland miles, and that there are twenty-three beds of Prima Donna is a poor translation, or rather and Durham are known; and from these data it workable coal, the total average thickness of imitation, of Henrietta, the German novel of has been calculated that the coal in these coun- which is 95 feet, and the quantity contained in which Málle. Sontag is the heroine, containing ties will last 360 years. Mr. Bailey in his Sur- each acre is 100,000 tons, or 65,000,000 tons the history, either false or true, of her royal vey of Durham states, that one-third of the coal per square mile. If from this we deduct one

and romantic engagement. Could any one being already got, the coal districts will be half for waste and for the minor extent of the suppose so barefaced a plagiarism would escape exhausted in 200 years. It is probable that upper beds, we shall have a clear supply of detection ? There are some other tales ; but many beds of inferior coal, which are now coal equal to 32,000,000 tons per square mile. the “ Adventures of a Guinea” has been deteneglected, may in future be worked; but the Now if we admit that the five million tons of riorated. consumption of coal being greatly increased coal from the Northumberland and Durham Solitary Walks through Many Lands. By since Mr. Bailey published his Survey of Dur- mines is equal to nearly one-third of the total

Derwent Conway, Author of the “ Tales of ham, we may admit his calculation to be an annual consumption of coal in England, each the Ardennes." 2 vols. 12mo. Hurst, approximation to the truth.”* square mile of the Welch coal-field would yield

Chance, and Co. Mr. Bakewell then states the inaccuracies of coal for two years' consumption ; and as there Two gracefully written volumes, containing Dr. Thomson's calculations on this subject are from one thousand to twelve hundred some very picturesque descriptions, and some (in the Annals of Philosophy), and compares square miles in this coal-field, it would supply prettily told legends, with a tinge of romance them with those of Mr. Bailey and Mr. Winch ;/ England with fuel for two thousand years, after over the whole which will doubtless be very and after making allowance for the waste of all our English coal mines are worked out.

attractive to the author's more juvenile readers. coal at the mouth of the pit, and the quantity of Mr. Bakewell states, however, that a con. coal left unwrought in the mines, he concludes siderable part of the coal in South Wales is of

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. that the period when the coal mines of Nor- an inferior quality, and is not at present burnt

Paris, May 3. thumberland and Durham will be exhausted for domestic use.

Hoping to render my letters more interesting, (giving it the longest duration), cannot exceed

I attend literary soirées twice a week ; but I 360 years from the present time.

SIGITS OF BOOKS.

am generally disappointed in my calculations, “ It cannot (says the author) be deemed un- The Fall of Nineveh : a Poem. By as systems are the order of the day, and civil. interesting to inquire what are the repositories

J. Atherstone.

isation the never-ending rallying word. On the of coal that can supply the metropolis

and the A Poem in Miltonic blank verse, and formed last evening the party, was mixed; old school, southern counties, when no more can be obtained from the Tyne and the Wear. The mighty city as painted by Martin in his extra

on that great model. It paints the fall of the Owenites, Sayites, in fact ites of all descriponly coal-fields of any extent on the eastern ordinary picture about to be exhibited. We tions, each of which held forth " to tire side of England between London and Durham, are those of Derbyshire, and those in the West are sorry that we, this week, have no room for each other down;" and the Tower of Babel did quotation.

not furnish a greater variety of languages, Riding of Yorkshire. The Derbyshire coal

than these gentlemen did opinions : all agreed field is not of sufficient magnitude to supply The Art of Invigorating and Prolonging Life as to the evils of the age, but each varied as to for any long period more than is required for

by Diet and Regimen. By the late Dr. the specific capable of producing a cure ; so home consumption and that of the adjacent Kitchiner. Whittaker.

that while doctors are differing, the poor counties,ne There are many valuable beds of This is a much-enlarged edition of a produc- patient runs a chance of dying of exhaustion. coal in the western part of the West Riding of tion which, in its original form, has had a very heads as to the choice of remedies, murder,

extensive sale; and as the subject comes home * on The waste of coal at the pit's mouth may be stated to every bosom, we have no doubt but this cu-ing, thieving, cheating, hanging, starving, and mines at one-third. Mr. Holmes in his Treatise on Coal rious performance will also make great way in begging, are going on in the old routine, or Mines states the waste of small coal at the pit's mouth to the world.

rather gaining ground. be one-fourth of the whole."

Wednesday last I went to Lafond's concert,

AFRICAN TRAVELLERS.

which I was surprised to find (owing to the merely to console the piétons for some broken Captain Clapperton, whose loss is now the high price of tickets) so well attended. To flegs and arms, as, in reality, those who are to subject of such deep and general regret, was a lovers of instrumental music, Lafond left no depend on their own limbs to conduct them, fine fellow, of about five feet eleven inches in feeling unsatisfied: he not only enchanted his must often choose between a variety of appa- height, with a high and commanding fore. audience, but seemed peculiarly delighted with rent deaths ; and to escape a waggon, must head, and an undaunted, yet pleasing and himself, and received with much grace that run, perhaps, under the wheels of my lord intelligent, expression of countenance. Mr. applause he judged so justly bestowed. His duke's carriage - no space being left free. Murray has his portrait by Mr. Manton, a appearance is that of a petit maitre masqué ; water-carriers, wood-sawyers, vegetable mer. young artist of great merit. Previous to his and the divine sounds he draws from his chants, alternately filling up the sides of the death, at the age of thirty-eight, he was reviolin are little in harmony with his dandy- street, as also cabriolets and fiacres stopping duced to a mere skeleton. The return of his like tournure. Young Hertz performed admi. before the doors of the hotels : indeed, there is servant, Richard Lander, and the preservation rably on the piano-forte : he speaks of visiting no public gallantry shewn for the delicate sex, of his papers, may be deemed little less than London this summer. As for the vocal per whatever may be private politesse. Mud and miraculous and a remarkable fact is menformance, it was worse than bad - it was lu. dirt are the portion of all those whose médiocre tioned as having led to this escape. We nodicrous. Mademoiselle Sicard, first cantatrice means cannot aspire to a fiacre. There is to be ticed in our last, that an attempt had been of the Lisbon theatre, appeared to think gri- a grand review on the 12th ; it was twice put off. made to poison him; and it appears that by macing was to make up for the suffering she The king goes to St. Cloud on the 20th, to enjoy some fortunate chance it failed to affect him; inflicted on the ear. A few Italians who the pleasure of liberty, and to get rid of eti- which, when the natives saw, their superwere present encored her, to the great terror quette. Hunting rabbits is his favourite occu- stitious notions were excited in his behalf. of the audience, who dreaded her acquiescence. pation : he generally goes out on these expedi- They believed that he bore a charmed life, and Madame Malibran and Pisaroni having spoilt tions before breakfast : he must be in a direct was protected by the Great Being ; in conthe Parisians, discordant tones can no longer line from Nimrod. The Duchesse d'Angou. sequence of which, they not treated him pass for melody. lême, when at St. Cloud, is up every morning better, but suffered him to depart

. The King Zuccoli appeared at the Italian Opera on at seven o'clock, and is generally reading or of Badagry, however, demanded and obtained Friday evening, in the role of Don Magnifico, working at that hour. All those who imme. for his ransom, goods to the amount of 611. in Cenerentola : he at first seemed intimi- diately approach her person are most devoted namely, guns, powder, romals

, taffety, &c. dated; but the French, ever alive to good to her, particularly the guards, who always Lander's own wanderings, between April 1827 feeling, re-animated his courage by frequent prefer her service to that of any of the others and January 1828, are not the least extraapplauses, which he afterwards justified: his of the royal family. She is by far the most ordinary portion of this interesting adventure; voice is deep, and his bass notes peculiarly fine. considerate and feeling, though by some she and we understand, that in the midst of all his Madame Malibran was delightful in the charac. is accused of severity: 'I have known of many difficulties and dangers, he contrived to conter of Cenerentola, which she performed with kind and generous actions of hers, which were ceal a watch of his late master's, which was her usual grace. The ex-melodist Martin drew never meant to be revealed, and which are originally meant to be presented by Captain an immense crowd to the Opéra Comique; places totally in opposition to the sternness of cha Clapperton to the Sultan Bello, on taking that were not previously taken, were not to racter ascribed to her.

leave of that faithless ruler. be had for love or money. The heat was

The route taken by Lander, on his return insupportable, and ladies were much incom.

ARTS AND SCIENCES.

to the coast, differed a good deal from that moded from the size of their sleeves, which

which he followed with Captain Clapperton in admit no economy of space : a box for six, We have little to add to the accounts in last going up the country. He travelled seventeen to do justice to that part of ladies' dress, can preceding Literary Gazette respecting the fate days in an entirely

different direction, endeaonly admit four.

of our enterprising countrymen in Africa. It vouring to trace if the Niger fell into the river Macready's departure is quite an event; is now stated that Mr. Dickson has never of Benin ; and if he could escape by descend. "he came, was seen, and conquered.” Ma- been heard of since he penetrated far into the ing that stream. He was compelled, however, demoiselle Mars some nights ago, performed country; and it is therefore concluded that to abandon this project, being pursued by the the role of Susanna, in the Marriage of Fi- he has been murdered. Our readers may re.

Fellatahs, with the design of murdering him. garo, in which she appeared so delightful, member that by the last accounts of this gen

He traversed parts of Housa, Nyffe, Hio, and so charming, that one ceased to wonder that tleman, he was (so long ago as November other countries utterly unknown to Europeans ; young men forget her years, and the old re- 1825) at Whydah, on his way to Dahomey, in and, finally, made his perilous way to Bodagry, gret the number of theirs. In the tone of her company with M. de Souza, a Portuguese,

as we have related. — Lander is a compact, voice there is a magio scarcely

to be conceived, who had lived at that court for many years; well-built young man, apparently of 26 or much less expressed. She is one of those ever- and it was afterwards reported that he had 28 years of age, and about five feet six or greens on which Cupid will hang his bow until not only reached Bahomey (the capital), but seven inches in height.

His countenance may Time shall make a last effort to revenge her had again left it on the last day of December be styled handsome, and possesses considerable having so long resisted his power. It appears for the Shar country.* Poor Clapperton and intelligence and expression. He looks fresh she is engaged for the Italian theatre in Lon- Pearce were at that period at Badagry, in the and well after his arduous journey; and his don. Tivoli gardens were opened to-day for the Bight of Benin, about to proceed on their modest, though unembarrassed, demeanour and first time; but the rain most ungallantly spoiled fatal journey for Sockatoo. It is melancholy manners, add much to the interest which must sport, and prevented tender lovers, who delight to reflect, that more than two years since, Ma- be very generally felt in his behalf. He is, in coloured lamps and shady walks, as also the jor Laing was near to, or at, Timbuctoo, intend. we understand, preparing a journal of his pursuers of pleasure, from enjoying the prepara-ing to descend the river or rivers to the coast : travels, which will be added to the narrative tions made for their reception; and many a the inference to be drawn from his non-ap

of his late master and friend. matrimonial téte-à-téte supplied the place of pearance, and the total silence that has since more agreeable conversations and speculations. prevailed concerning him, is, we grieve to re

FERNANDO PO. M. de Seze expired this morning; and the buzz peat, of the most gloomy kind; for the loose (A letter by the steam.vessel, of ten days later date than is already gone round of who is to fill his place. report, that he was in Timbuctoo in March

that which appeared in our last No., has since reached

us from this new settlement, from which we copy the Some say M. Peyronet, others M. Rovez, or 1827 (in which case he would have been a following particulars.] M Portalis. The group forming the emblem whole year there) is too feeble to afford a

Clarence Cove, 16th January. of the Restoration is not yet finished. How cheering ray of hope.t

As Maidstone Bay offered itself as the point little did Napoleon think that he was preparing

most desirable, from its locality, for an establish& monument to celebrate the return of the | But even beyond this (though some one ventures to ment, we anchored here in the first instance, Bourbons, when he caused that arch to be contradict couronatemounts for the Courier newspaper he and immediately set about clearing away Point raised on the Place Carrousel, to support his natives, which reached Capt. Clapperton from Timbuctoo, William, which, from its being less thickly own statne ! but it is said, “ one soweth, if we might question the accounts vid Tripoli. Where are wooded than any other part of the bay, and and another reapeth." The 'admiring multi- the main rabe enerosis

who were waites for theinte cove; also from its nearly insular position, we con. tude, who flattered him and bowed the knee, on the contrary, the natives who arrived at Sockatoo ceived to be the best calculated for defence. are now equally in raptures in viewing the invariably said that they had seen the white man in his We examined the island as far as its eastern four horses which have taken his place ; and, whiskers, and heard, in a way which left no doubt of the point, and finding nothing equal to Point were a monkey put there, the feeling of admi- identity of Major Laing. This white man, they said, was William, Captain Owen finally made up his sation would be all the same. They talk of afterwards murdered bộ the people breaking into his tent; mind, called it Clarence, and disembarked the baring all Paris flagged ; this, I presume, is 1 period which has since elapsed.

troops and natives to house themselves. This

• See Literary Gazette, No. 523.

Christ Church.

ROYAL SOCIETY.

operation was completed in less than a week, He then observed, that the naval power of

LITERARY AND LEARNED. They then turned-to with good will; and England was laid by Alfred, who, in order to OXFORD, May 3.-on Wednesday last, the following de you will be surprised when I tell you that in prevent invasion, built a fleet of galleys, which grees were conferred :two months we have cleared away nearly a surpassed in size and velocity those of his prin Paley, University College: Rev. T. Penruddocke, Wad

, ; T. square quarter of a mile of African wood and cipal enemy, the Danes ; and having contrived ham College; Rev. R. Shuckburgh, Trinity College; jungle ;-we have cut carriage-roads through these himself, he may truly be considered, in E. H. B, Estcourt, Fellow of Merton College the whole of the establishment, which mea- the order of time, the first naval architect for

Bachelors of ArtsThe Right Hon. John Viscount Ed

combe, New College, Grand Compounder ; T. Spears, sures nearly a square mile in extent ;-we ships of war of which England can boast. Pembroke College ; G. H. Goodwin, Queen's College ; have built a block house, hospital, a house for His remarks then went to the succeeding E. C. Harington, Worcester College; W. M. Du Pre, the master builder, several large storehouses, reigns until the Conquest, and he clearly shewed

R. T. Tucker, B.A. of Queen's College, Cambridge, workshops, bakehouse, &c. &c. We have a that this country was prosperous or otherwise, was admitted ad eundem. market twice a-week, at which we purchase even in this remote period of its history, as the stock of all kinds for iron hoop, bar iron, and naval force was increased or neglected. common knives.

We get a good sheep for six The conquest of England by William gave May 1st, a paper was read, entitled, A Deinches of bar; and eight fowls, or a hundred- a great accession of strength, and it was at this scription of a Vertical Floating Collimator, and weight of yams, for the same quantity. Fruits time that the sovereignty of the narrow seas an Account of its Application to Astronomical are scarce; and what there are, are wild and was claimed, which claim was maintained Observations, with a Circle, and with a Zenith uncultivated, and consequently insipid. The during the next century; and in the reign Telescope. By Capt. Henry Kater, V.P.R.S. natives are a harmless, inoffensive race of of John, the English enforced, not only this, The construction of the instrument which people ; very filthy in their habits: ex. gr. but a right to the whole sea--for it was enacted, forms the subject of this paper is a material they plait their hair into long ringlets, which that if the masters of foreign ships should improvement on that of the horizontal floating flow over their shoulders ; these ringlets are refuse to strike their colours to the flag of collimator, of which an account was given by clotted with palm oil and red clay, and thus all England, such ships should be considered law. the author in the Philosophical Transactions round their necks and all over their shoulders ful prizes.

for 1825. Its superiority is derived from its is running this precious mixture. The com- The next part particularly worthy of no- adaptation to the vertical, instead of the horimonalty besmear their whole bodies with this tice, is that in which he described the ships of zontal, position, by which the sources of error compound; while the chiefs, by way of distinc- the reign of Edward I. as being “ rude in arising from the necessity of transferring the tion, cover their bodies, face, &c. with a thick form, fitted with one mast only, and little instrument to different sides of the observatory, coating of gray clay, which gives them a very capable of performing voyages, except the wind and of taking the float out of the mercury and singular appearance, their eyes being the only blew on the shore whence their attention was replacing it at each observation, are wholly black part about them. Clothing they have directed. In the middle of these ships ma- obviated. The vertical floating collimator has none to boast of: their caps are basket-work, chines were placed for projecting darts or the further advantage of being adapted for use, ornamented with feathers, monkeys' sculls, stones, and forward and abaft were castles, not only with a circle, but also with a telescope, bones, &c.; and the chiefs have rams' horns in which archers and cross-bow men were either of the refracting or reflecting kind. Such in theirs, to demonstrate their dignity. Their placed ; but when they came to close-quarters, a telescope, furnished with a wire micrometer, arms are long, wooden, barbed spears; they the sword was the weapon used."

and directed to the zenith, becomes a zenith have also the sling, with which they are very He then dilated upon the changes which the telescope, free from all the objections to which expert. They are extremely jealous of their introduction of the mariner's compass, and the zenith sector, and the zenith telescope, with women ; though, heaven knows, they have not cannon, had brought about in naval architec- a plumb-line, are liable. much to fear from us on their account, as I ture, and stated, that no better description The instrument itself is supported on a square never saw a race of human beings so like the could be given of the infant state of naviga- mahogany stand, which slides on two parallel monkey breed in my life. All the natives, tion immediately before this period, than that beams, fixed at the upper part of the observa. male and female, have their faces dreadfully by Dryden ;

tory, in the direction of the meridian, and seamed, being cut across in different streaks “ Rude as their ships were navigated then,

which has a circular aperture in the centre, with knives, which does not much improve

No useful compass, or meridian known;
Coasting they kept the land within their ken,

guarded at its edge by a projecting rim of iron, their appearance and beauty. They continue And knew no north but when the pole-star shone."

to admit of the passage of the telescope. The to be much terrified at the report of a musket. He then proceeded to describe the magni- telescope, which is forty inches long, is sup,

Though the use and construction have been ficent ship laid down by Henry VII., called ported in the vertical position by a bridge, con. explained to them, they always approach with the Great Harry, examined her critically,

from necting it with a circular iron ring, ten inches great caution and distrust. Palm oil may be procured at about a pennyed the peculiarities of her build,

and the merits cury. The mercury is contained in a circular per gallon. and defects of her construction.

iron trough, the central aperture of which is We regret to hear that the ulcer cases are

All the improvements which had been made sufficiently large to allow of its turning freely becoming very serious.

in naval architecture during the succeeding round the rim which rises from the margin of It is mentioned to us, on the authority of reigns to that of Charles I. were adverted to the aperture of the stand. The object-glass of another letter, that nutmeg and other spices and he exhibited a draught of the Sovereign of the telescope is placed at its lowest end,

and its have been found growing in a wild state. the Seas, a ship then built by Phineas Pett, a focus is occupied by a diaphragm, composed of

graduate of Cambridge, which ship, for that two brass plates, each cut so as to form an angle ROYAL INSTITUTION.

period, he considered a master-piece of the art. of 135 deg. and placed opposite to each other, Friday evening, May 2d. - Mr. Knowles,

Beautiful models of an ancient galley, of the so that the angular points are brought to an F.R.S., of the Navy Office, delivered, before Great Harry, and a very complete drawing of accurate coincidence, thus leaving on each side the president and members of this Institution, the Sovereign of the Seas, were exhibited, to intervening spaces, which form vertical angles a lecture upon “the rise, progress, and present establish the observations of the lecturer.

of 45 deg. each. The telescope below, whether state of naval architecture in Great Britain."

Mr. Knowles intimated his intention of re- belonging to a circle or a zenith telescope, is to Mr. Knowles prefaced his discourse by shew. suming this interesting subject on Friday be directed so that the image of these angles ing the advantages of naval architecture to all evening, the 16th inst., and of then explaining shall be bisected by the micrometer wire ; for commercial countries, and the benefits which all the modern improvements in the art, by which porpose the diaphragm of the collimator England has at all times derived from her suitable models.

is illuminated by a bull's-eye lantern, placed naval force : and that his meaning of terms

at a convenient distance upon one of the beam3 relative to the higher branch of naval science

crossing the observatory; the light being remight not be misunderstood, he entered into

NEW PUBLICATIONS.

fected downwards by a plane mirror placed in an elaborate but sufficiently plain description

Hall's New General Atlas. Part VII.

a screen, with a suitable aperture immediately of the methods of finding the displacement of If improvement could readily take place on a above the collimator. The collimator is then floating bodies, their stability, by a point production which we liked so much from its to be turned half round in azimuth, the motion called the metacentre, the merit of discovering commencement, we would say that this Atlas being facilitated by rollers, and limited at its which he gave to M. Bouguer, the resist-improves as it goes on. The present Part con- extent by two catches, which receive a projectance of fluids to bodies passing through them, sists of England and Wales, China, and Van ing wire fixed to the outer circle of the trouglı. --the motive power of the wind on the sails, Diemen's Land-all executed in a manner than When in this situation, the observation of the - and the proper proportions of length to which nothing can be more excellent in map- diaphragm by the telescope, and the bisection breadth of ships. ping.

of its angles, are to be repeated, and the mean

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