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Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, &c. .

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No. 590.

SATURDAY, MAY 10, 1828.'

PRICE 8d.

REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.
But, alas ! after a pause in the song-

Hath the world aught for me to fear

When death is on thy brow? Records of Woman ; and other Poems. By Now never more, oh! never, in the worth

The world ! what means it?mine is here
of its pure cause, let sorrowing love on earth

I will not leave thee now.
Felicia Hemans. 12mo. pp. 320. Edin. Trust fondly-never more !--the hope is crush'd
burgh, 1828, Blackwood : London, Cadell.
That lit my life, the voice within me hush'd

I have been with thee in thine hour
That spoke sweet oracles; and I return

of glory and of bliss ; THis volume, from the pen of one of our most To lay my youth, as in a burial-urn,

Doubt not its memory's living power sweet and graceful poets, has just imparted a Where sunshine may not find it. All is lost !

To strengthen me through this!

And thou, mine honour'd love and true, charming variety to our week's labours; and My friend, my friend! where art thou? Day by day,

Bear on, bear nobly on! we hasten to communicate some of the pleasure

We have the blessed heaven in view,
Gliding, like some dark mournful stream away,

Whose rest shall soon be won.'
it has afforded us to our readers. Of the fair My silent youth flows from me. Spring, the while,
writer's talents and peculiar qualities, it is now
Comes and rains beauty on the kindling boughs

And were not these high words to flow
Round hall and hamlet ; summer, with her smile,

From woman's breaking heart? unnecessary to speak : her tenderness, fine

Fills the green forest :--young hearts breathe their Through all that night of bitterest wo feeling, moral beauty, and melodious versifica.

Vows;

She bore her lofty part;
tion, are justly appreciated by the public, and
Brothers long parted meet; fair children rise

But oh! with such a glazing eye,
Round the glad board; Hope laughs from loving eyes:

With such a curdling cheekhave long placed her in the front rank among All this is in the world !-- These joys lie sown,

Love, love! of mortal agony, the female ornaments of English literature. In The dew of every path-on one alone

Thou, only thou shouldst speak ! the present work she has chosen a subject, Dying of thirst with all the waters near. Their freshness may not fall—the stricken deer,

The wind rose high,—but with it rose

Her voice, that he might hear : or rather a chain of connected subjects, well

Perchance that dark hour brought repose
Ye are from dingle and fresh glade, ye flowers
suited to ber genius ;--the Records of Woman
By some kind hand to cheer my dungcon sent;

To happy bosoms near,
flow delightfully from her muse.
O'er you the oak shed down the summer showers,

While she sat striving with despair
And the lark's nest was where your bright cups bent,

Beside his tortured form,
These poems are devoted to illustrate many
Quivering to breeze and rain-drop, like the sheen

And pouring her deep soul in prayer instances of love, fidelity, misfortune, in which Of twilight stars. On you Heaven's eye hath been,

Forth on the rushing storm. the hearts of the sex have led them to act dis- Through the leaves pouring its dark sultry blue

She wiped the death-damps from his brow, tinguished parts. Honourable memorials of Into your glowing hearts; the bee to you

With her pale hands and soft,
Hath' murmur'd, and the rill. My soul grows faint

Whose touch upon the lute-chords low virtues which render them the blessings of this With passionate yearning, as its quick dreams paint

Had still'd his heart so oft. created world, and breathing descriptions of

Your haunts by dell and stream,-the green, the free, She spread her mantle o'er his breast,
The full of all sweet sound,--the shut from me!

She bath'd his lips with dew, their passions and emotions, are to be found in

And on his cheek such kisses press'd every little tale. Some embrace historical facts, There went a swift bird singing past my cell

As hope and joy ne'er knew. O love and freedom! ye are lovely things ! and others dwell on slighter incidents ; but all With you the peasant on the hills may dwell,

Oh! lovely are ye, Love and Faith, tend to elevate the character of the dearest and And by the streams; but I--the blood of kings,

Enduring to the last !

She had her meed-one smile in deathmost excellent portion of human nature. Of

A proud, unmingling river, through my veins
Flows in lone brightness,-and its gifts are chains !

And his worn spirit paes'd. these we shall offer a few examples.

While ev'n as o'er a martyr's grave
The first Record is of the Lady Arabella Thou hast forsaken me! I feel, I know,

She knelt on that sad spot,
And, weeping, bless'd

the God who gave
Stuart, whose union with William Seymour,
There would be rescue if this were not so.

Strength to forsake it not !" Thou'rt at the chase, thou'rt at the festive board, son of Lord Beauchamp, led to their imprison- Thou'rt where the red wine free and high is pourd, From Edith, an American - wood tale, we ment by James I. Their mutual love, and its

Thou'rt where the dancers meet !-a magic glass
Is set within my soul, and proud shapes pass,

shall quote only the conclusion, which has fatal consequences, the attempt to escape, and

Flushing it o'er with pomp from bower and hall;

pleased us much by its mournful solemnity. the unfortunate recapture of the lady, are told I see one shadow, stateliest there of all,

" And she was passing from the woods away: in a touching style ; and the piece concludes with Thine!-What dost thou amidst the bright and fair, The broken flower of England might not stay

Whispering light words, and mocking my despair? Amidst those alien shades; her eye was bright still more affecting traits of lone sufferings, It is not well of thee !--my love was more

Ev'n yet with something of a starry light, ending in the near view of death, which ra- Than fiery song may breathe, deep thought explore; But her form wasted, and her fair young cheek lieves the captive. Their earliest joys are thus And there thou smilest, while my heart is dying,

Wore oft and patiently a fatal streak,
With all its blighted hopes around it lying ;

A rose whose root was death. The parting sigh narrated

E'en thou, on whom they hung their last green leaf- of autumn through the forests had gone by, “We, that met and parted,

Yet smile, smile on! too bright art thou for grief ! And the rich maple o'er her wanderings lone Ever in dread of some dark watchful power,

Its crimson leaves in many a shower had strown, Won back to childhood's trust, and, fearless-hearted,

Now, with fainting frame,

Flushing the air; and winter's blast had been Blent the glad fulness of our thoughts that hour, With soul just lingering on the flight begun,

Amidst the pines; and now a softer green
Ev'n like the mingling of sweet streams beneath
To bind for thee its last dim thoughts in one,

Fringed their dark boughs; for spring again had come, Dim woven leaves, and midst the floating breath I bless thee! Peace be on thy noble head,

The sunny spring ! but Edith to her home
Of hidden forest flowers.
Years of bright fame, when I am with the dead !

Was journeying fast. Alas! we think it sad 'Tis past !-I wake,

To part with life when all the earth looks glad A captive, and alone, and far from thee,

Farewell! and yet once more,

In her young lovely things, when voices break My love and friend ! Yet fostering, for thy sake, Farewell !--the passion of long years I pour

Into sweet sounds, and leaves and blossoms wake:
A quenchless hope of happiness to be ;
Into that word : thou hear'st not,-but the wo

Is it not brighter, then, in that far clime
And feeling still my woman's spirit strong,
And fervour of its tones may one day flow

Where graves are not, nor blights of changeful time,
In the deep faith which lifts from earthly wrong,
A heavenward glance. I know, I know our love
To thy heart's holy place: there let them dwell-

If here such glory dwell with passing blooms, We shall o'ersweep the grave to meet-Farewell !"

Such golden sunshine rest around the tombs? Shall yet call gentle angels from above,

So thought the dying one. 'Twas early day, By its undying fervour." All this is most natural and pathetic ; but

And sounds and odours with the breezes play, The expectation of escape is equally poetical.

Whispering of spring-time, through the cabin-door, we must pass to the still more tragical story Unto her couch life's farewell sweetness bore; “ Sunset !- I tell each moment-from the skies of Gertrude von der Wart, whose devotedness Then with a look where all her hope awoke, The last red splendour Hoats along

my wall, Like a king's banner :-Now it melts, it dies! to her husband on the rack has been related in

• My father!'--to the gray-hair's chief she spoke

. Know'st thou that I depart ?'- I know, I know,' I see one star-I hear-'twas not the call,

prose in our Journal and other publications. He answer'd mournfully, that thou must go Th' expected voice; my quick heart throbb’d too soon. I must keep vigil till yon rising moon “ Her hands were clasp'd, her dark eyes raised,

To thy belov'd, my daughter ! — Sorrow not

For me, kind mother P with meek smiles once more Shower down less golden light. Beneath her beam

The breeze threw back her hair; Through my lone lattice pour'd, I sit and dream

Up to the fearful wheel she gazed

She murmurd in low tones; one happy lot

Awaits us, friends! upon the better shore; Of summer-lands afar, where holy love,

All that she loved was there.

For we have pray'd together in one trust, Under the vine, or in the citron-grove,

The night was round her clear and cold, May breathe from terror.

The holy heaven above,

And lifted our frail spirits from the dust,

To God who gave them. Lay me by mine own,
Now the night grows deep,
Its pale stars watching to behold

Under the cedar-shade: where he is gone,
And silent as its clouds, and full of sleep.

The might of earthly love.

Thither I go. There will my sisters be, I hear my veins beat. Hark! a bell's slow chime.

* And bid me not depart,' she cried,

And the dead parents, lisping at whose knee My heart strikes with it. Yet again-'tis time!

• My Rudolph, say not so!

My childhood's prayer was learn'd,—the Saviour's A step!-a voice !--or but a rising breeze? This is no time to quit thy side;

prayer Hark!--hastel-1 come, to meet thec on the seas.”

Peace, peace, I cannot go.

Which now ye know,-and I shall meet you there,

Father, and gentle mother --ye have bound
The bruised reed, and mercy shall be found
By Mercy's children.'—From the matron's eye
Dropp'd tears, her sole and passionate reply;
But Edith felt them not; for now a sleep
Solemnly beautiful, a stillness deep,
Fell on her settled face. · Then, sad and slow,
And mantling up his stately head in wo,

Thou'rt passing hence,' he sang, that warrior old,
In sounds like those by plaintive waters roll'd.
• Thou'rt passing from the lake's green side,

And the hunter's hearth away;
For the time of flowers, for the summer's pride,

Daughter! thou canst not stay.
Thou'rt joumeying to thy spirit's home,

Where the skies are ever clear;
The corn-month's golden hours will come,

But they shall not find thee here.
And we shall miss thy voice, my bird !

Under our whispering pine;
Music shall midst the leaves be heard,

But not a song like thine.
A breeze that roves o'er stream and hill,

Telling of winter gone,
Hath such sweet falls-yet caught we still

A farewell in its tone.
But thou my bright one! thou shalt be

Where farewell sounds are o'er ;
Thou, in the eyes thou lov'st, shalt see

No fear of parting more.
The mossy grave thy tears have wet,

And the wind's wild moanings by,
Thou with thy kindred shalt forget,

Midst flowers-not such as die.
The shadow from thy brow shall melt

The sorrow from thy strain;
But where thine earthly smile hath dwelt,

Our hearts shall thirst in vain.
Dim will our cabin be, and lone,

When thou, its light, art fled;
Yet hath thy step the pathway shewn

Unto the happy dead.
And we will follow thee, our guide !

And join that shining band;
Thou'rt passing from the lake's green side

Go to the better land !
The song had ceased-the listeners caught no breath,
That lovely sleep had melted into death."
Nearly a third of the volume is given to
miscellaneous productions, some of which have
previously appeared in print. We, however,
select the following, as affording adequate
means of judging of the delightful author's
various powers.

The Captive Knight.
'Twas a trumpet's pealing sound !
And the knight look'd down from the Paynlm's tower,
And a Christian host, in its pride and power,

Through the pass beneath him wound.
Cease awhile, clarion! Clarion, wild and shrill,
Cease, let them hear the captive's voice--be still!

• I knew 'twas a trumpet's note!
And I see my brethren's lances gleam,
And their pennons wave by the mountain stream,

And their plumes to the glad wind float! Cease awhile, clarion! Clarion, wild and shrill, Cease! let them hear the captive's voice-be still !

I am here, with my heavy chain ! And I look on a torrent sweeping by, And an eagle rushing to the sky,

And a host to its battle-plain! Cease awhile, clarion!

Clarion, wild and shrill,
Cease ! let them hear the captive's voice-be still!

Must I pine in my fetters here?
With the wild wave's foam, and the free bird's flight,
And the tall spears glancing on my sight,

And the trumpet in mine ear?
Cease awhile, clarion! Clarion, wild and shrill,
Cease! let them hear the captive's voice--be still!

They are gone! they have all pass'd by!
They in whose wars I had borne my part,
They that I loved with a brother's heart,

They have left me here to die!
Sound again, clarion! Clarion, pour thy blast!
Sound ! for the captive's dream of hope is past.

The Kaiser's Feast. The Kaiser feasted in his hall,

The red wine mantled high;
Banners were trembling on the wall,

To the peals of minstrelsy:
And many a gleam and sparkle came

From the armour hung around,
As it caught the glance of the torch's flame,

Or the hearth with pine-boughs crown'd.
Why fell there silence on the chord

Beneath the harper's hand?
And suddenly, from that rich board,

Wby rose the wassall-band?

The strings were hush'd-the knights made way
For the queenly mother's tread,

Merico in 1827. By H. G. Ward, Esq., his
As up the hall, in dark array,

Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires in that Country Two fair-hair'd boys she led.

during the Years 1825, 1826, and part of She led them e'en to the Kaiser's place, And still before him stood;

1827, 2 vols. 8vo. London. H. Colburn. Till, with strange wonder, o'er his face Flush'd the proud warrior-blood :

ENJOYING, both from official station and long And Speak, my mother ! speak!' he cried, residence, the best opportunities for becoming • Wherefore this mourning yest?.

fully acquainted with the state of Mexico, And the clinging children by thy side,

Mr. Ward has bere turned these advantages to In weeds of sadness drest?" Well may a mourning vest be mine,

the most profitable account, and produced a And theirs, my son, my son !

sterling work upon a subject of great and grow. Look on the features of thy line

ing interest. But, unluckily for us, in the first In each fair little one! Though grief awhile within their eyes

instance, the very merits and elaborate nature Hath camed the dancing glee,

of his work prevent us from doing it justice, at Yet there thine own quick spirit lies

the hasty glance we are able to take previous to Thy brother's children see!

this week's publication. Indeed, we can only And where is he, thy brother, where? He, in thy home that grew,

say, we have seen enough of it to be satisfied And smiling, with his sunny hair,

with its features of particular attraction and Ever to greet thee flew ?

general importance.
How would his arms thy neck entwine,
His fond lips press thy brow!

The first volume furnishes an excellent his.
My son ! oh, call these orphans thine

tory of the revolution in Mexico; and Mr. Thou hast no brother now!

Ward explains his object very accurately in the
What! from their gentle eyes doth nought preface.

Speak of thy childhood's hours,
And smite thee with a tender thought

“ I have (he says) conceived that it ought to Of thy dead father's towers!

be my object to combine as much information as Kind was thy boyish heart and true, When rear'd together there,

possible in my present work, and thus to render Through the old woods like fawns ye flew

it independent of those which have preceded it, Where is thy brother--where?

by entering into details, a knowledge of which Well didst thou love him then, and he

could not have been derived from other sources, Still at thy side was seen ! How is it that such things can be,

without a perpetual and harassing reference to As though they ne'er had been?

authorities, many of which are not within the Evil was this world's breath, which came reach of the public in general. For instance,

Between the good and brave!
Now must the tears of grief and shame

in addition to the Essai Politique of Baron Be offer'd to the grave.

Humboldt, to which I have expressed my obli. And let them, let them there be pourd!

gations in another place, I have drawn largely Though all unfelt below,

from the Español; whose eloquent author, Thine own wrung heart, to love restored, Shall soften as they flow.

Mr. Blanco White, has embodied not only the Oh! death is mighty to make peace;

most curious collection of state papers now Now bid his work be done! So many an inward strife shall cease

extant, with regard to the period at which the Take, take these babes, my son!

tendency towards independence first began to His eye was dimm'd-the strong man shook appear in the Spanish colonies, but a mass of With feelings long suppress'd;

reflections upon American affairs, so moderate, Up in his arms the boys he took, Aud strain'd them to his breast.

so judicious, and so admirably adapted to the And a shout from all in the royal hall

circumstances of the times, that, had his counBurst forth to hail the sight;

sels been listened to by the contending parties, And eyes were wet, midst the brave that met At the Kaiser's feast that night."

no small portion of the calamities which bave “ The Sunbeam.

since befallen them might have been averted. Thou art no lingerer in monarch's hall,

I have likewise made free use, in my sketch of A joy thou art, and a wealth to all!

the revolution, of the Cuadro Historico of Don A bearer of hope unto land and sea

Carlos Bustamante, as well as of Robinson,
Sunbeam! what gift hath the world like thee?
Thou art walking the billows, and ocean smiles

Brackenbridge, and a number of other works
Thou hast touch'd with glory his thousand isles ;

published in the United States, and but little Thou hast lit up the ships, and the feathery foam, read in England, from each of which have And gladden'd the sailor, like words from home. taken whatever my own observations pointed To the solemn depths of the forest shades,

out as correct. The whole will, I think, be Thou art streaming on through their green arcades, And the quivering leaves that have caught thy glow,

found to indicate with sufficient clearness the Like fire-flies glance to the pools below.

causes of the American revolution ; and these, I look'd on the mountains-a vapour lay

again, are the best guarantee for its stability.' Folding their heights in its dark array: Thou brakest forth--and the mist became

On the question of the mines, Mr. W.is even A crown and a mantle of living flame.

more sanguine than Captain Lyon, and his I look'd on the peasant's lowly cot

authority is of the greatest weight. He states : Something of sadness had wrapt the spot ;

“ I never have possessed a single mining share ; But a gleam of thee on its lattice fell, And it laugh'd into beauty at that bright spell.

yet, from circumstances stated in the body of To the earth's wild places a guest thou art,

my work, I have, perhaps, seen more of the Flushing the waste like the rose's heart;

mines of New Spain, and am in possession of And thou scornest not from thy pomp to shed more data with regard to their former produce, A tender smile on the ruin's head.

than the majority of those whose fortunes de-
Thou tak’st through the dim church-isle thy way, pend upon the present attempt to work them
And its pillars from twilight flash forth to day,
And its high pale tombs, with their trophies old,

by foreign capital. With regard to my opinion Are bathed in a flood as of molten gold.

of their present prospects, the public is now in
And thou turnest not from the humblest grave, possession of the data upon which it is formed,
Where a flower to the sighing winds may wave; and may rectify any errors into which I may in.
Thou scatterest its gloom like the dreams of rest,
Thou sleepest in love on its grassy breast.

advertently have been betrayed. Convinced

that publicity ought to be desired by all the Sunbeam of summer! oh! what is like thee? Hope of the wilderness, joy of the sea !

mining companies, as the only security against One thing is like thee to mortals given,

those suspicions by which their credit has been The faith touching all things with hues of heaven!"

so frequently shaken, I have laid before the After reading these pieces, we are sure we world, without reserve, the whole of the inneed add no word of eulogy upon this charm. formation now in my possession respecting ing volume.

them, together with my own observations upon

the mode in which their affairs have been di- not surprising, therefore, that they should have when the firing became hot. He succeeded, rected. The result will, I trust, be to produce engrafted upon the stern despotism under which however, in gaining time, which was his great an impression that these great undertakings they were brought up, the wildest theories of object, nor did the royalists venture to advance have been, in many instances, ably, in all, the French school ; nor that their ardour in the upon him, until only one man was left by his honestly conducted ; that, if errors have been cause of liberty should have cooled, amidst the side. He was then taken prisoner, for he had committed, they are errors which it was ex. many evils which these theories brought upon sought death in vain during the action. There tremely difficult to avoid ; and that, although them. * They soon learnt that tyranny was can be little doubt that his late reverses had the investments are large, the magnitude of the not, as they had fondly supposed, an heir-loom inspired him with a disgust for life, and that object (demonstrated by records of a very recent in the family of the kings of Spain; but might he wished to end his days by a proof of devotion date) bears a fair proportion to the magnitude be exercised, just as effectually, in the name of to his country worthy of the most brilliant part of the stake."

the sovereign people, by any man, or set of of his former career. Morelos was treated with But we must, for the present, decline all the men, to whom that people was supposed to have the greatest brutality by the Spanish soldiers graver considerations, in order to exemplify the delegated its authority; and, in their despair into whose hands he first fell. They stripped work by a few traits of the revolution. at not being able to fix, at once, a balance of him, and conducted him, loaded with chains, to

Scattered over a vast continent, separated power, many would almost have purchased Tesmalaca. But Concha (to his honour be it by impenetrable wildernesses, or by chains of tranquillity, by submitting again to that yoke said), on his prisoner being presented to him, mountains still more impassable, and kept pur- to which time had lent its sanction, and given received him with all the marks of respect due posely, under the old system, in a state of igno- respectability.

to a fallen enemy, and treated him with un. rance with respect to each other, the New States “ The years 1812 and 1813 were distin- wonted humanity and attention. He was commenced their contest for freedom without guished by the victories gained by Don Nicolas transferred, with as little delay as possible, to the advantage of any previous combination or Bravo and Matamoros, at the Pålmār, and by the capital, and the whole population of Mexico concert. Even at the present day, the natives the defence of the mountain of Coscămătěpēc. flocked out to San Agustin de las Cuevas, to see of Mexico and Chile, of Buenos Ayres and in the first of these actions, Bravo defeated (and some to insult) the man whose name had Bogotā,—know as little of each other as the Don Juan Lăbăqui, the commandant of the so long been their terror. But Morelos, both Neapolitan peasant and the Lapland boor ; and, regiment of the patriots of Veracruz, at the on his way to prison and while in confinement, in most cases, England would present the only head of a strong detachment. The engage- is said to have shewn a coolness which he premedium of communication between them. * ment lasted three days, when the village in served to the last. Indeed, the only thing that At the commencement of the revolution their which the Spaniards had taken refuge was seemed to affect him at all was his degradation ; estrangement was still greater, and it may be carried by storm (20th August, 1812). Three a ceremony humiliating in itself, but rendered questioned whether the fact of the existence of hundred prisoners, taken upon this occasion, doubly so, in his case, by the publicity which some of the new states was at all generally were placed by Morelos at the disposal of Bravo, was given to it. His examination, which was known to the rest. With each other's re- who offered them to the Viceroy Venegas, in conducted by the Oidor Bătăller (whose insosources, and means of defence, they certainly exchange for his father, Don Leonardo Bravo, lent assertion of the natural superiority of the had no acquaintance. Each, therefore, indi- who was then under sentence of death in the Spaniards to the Creoles, is said first to have vidually, pursued its object, unconnected with prisons of the capital. The offer was rejected, roused Morelos into action), was not of long the rest; and each was obliged to cope, singly, and the sentence against Don Leonardo ordered duration. On the 22d of December, 1815, with whatever force Spain could bring to bear to be carried into immediate execution. His Concha was charged to remove him from the against it. In addition to this, they had in- son, in lieu of making reprisals by the massacre prisons of the Inquisition, to the hospital of ternal

, as well as external, enemies to contend of his prisoners, instantly set them all at liberty, San Christoval, behind which the sentence pro. with; the old Spaniards (known in the annalswishing' (as 'he said) to put it out of his nounced against him was to be carried into of the revolution by the names of Găchūpinės, own power to avenge on them the death of his execution. On arriving there, he dined in Gódos, Patriotas, and various other designa- parent, lest in the first moment of grief, the company with Concha, whom he afterwards tions,) distributed throughout the possessions temptation should prove irresistible !' So noble embraced, and thanked for all his kindness. of Ultramar, -- wealthy, powerful, and con- a trait requires no comment.”

He then confessed himself, and afterwards nected by intermarriages with the most influ. Morelos (one of the bravest and, for a while, walked, with the most perfect serenity, to the ential families amongst the Creoles themselves, most successful of the independent leaders) was place of execution. The short prayer which he -were a check to all their operations. Where at last taken prisoner.

pronounced there, deserves to be recorded for they did not openly oppose, they sowed the “ The Spaniards conceiving the forces of its affecting simplicity. Lord, if I have done seeds of discord amongst the leaders of the in- Morelos to be much more considerable than well, thou knowest it; if ill, to thy infinite dependent cause : while, from their intimate they really were, did not venture to attack him mercy I commend my soul!' After this appeal acquaintance with the resources of the country, until he had penetrated as far as Těsmålācă, to the Supreme Judge, he fastened with his they were enabled, both by their counsels and where the Indians, though they received him own hands a handkerchief about his eyes, gave the liberality of their donations, to render the with great apparent hospitality, conveyed in the signal to the soldiers to fire, and met death most essential services to the royalist generals. telligence, both of the real number of his fol. with as much composure as ho had ever shewn Nor was this all: the first movements of the lowers, and of their wretched state, to. Don when facing it on the field of battle.” insurgents had indeed been eminently success- Manuel Conchă, the nearest Spanish com. The adventures of Victoria, another leader ful; and (as we have already seen), with the mandant, who determined to attack the convoy in the same cause, are altogether unequalled in exception of Mexico, a single year had sufficed the next day. Morelos, who fancied himself the history of human sufferingr. to wrest from the hands of the Europeans the in security, as he was now beyond the enemy's " It was his practice to keep but a small authority of which they had so long been the line, was surprised on the following morning body of men about his person, and only to sole depositaries. But this was the only point (5th of November, 1815). by two parties of collect his force upon great occasions : a mode upon which any sort of unanimity prevailed royalists, who came upon him unperceived, in a of warfare well suited to the wild habits of the amongst the Creoles. Left to themselves, they mountainous part of the road. He immediately natives, and, at the same time, calculated to knew not how to dispose of the power which ordered Don Nicolas Bravo to continue his baffle all pursuit. The instant a blow was they had so unexpectedly acquired, and it be- march with the main body, as an escort to the struck, a general dispersion followed : in the came the apple of discord amongst all who had Congress, while he himself, with a few men, event of a failure, a rendezvous was fixed for any pretensions to a share of it. They were endeavoured to check the advance of the some distant point; and thus losses were often totally inexperienced in the science of govern- Spaniards. My life (he said) is of little con- repaired, before it was known in the capital ment, and had no good model to follow : + it is sequence, provided the Congress be saved. My that they had been sustained at all. Nor were

"A letter from Buenos Ayres to Mexico would be race was run from the moment that I saw an Victoria's exploits confined to this desultory sent by the double line of packets now established be independent government established.' His warfare: in 1815 he detained a convoy of tween London and Rio de la Plata, and London and orders were obeyed, and Morelos remained with 6000 mules, escorted by 2000 men, under the Veracruz and although there may beyonce or twice in about fifty men, most of whom abandoned him command of Colonel Aguila, at Pūente děl Rey, or Chile, by the Pacific, letters, at all other times, would

(a pass, the natural strength of which the in be forwarded by the English mail." "Spain was their only molel, and to her most of and jealousy of strangers, which are only now beginning the heights by which it is commanded,) nor

the public documents of the Revolution, the intolerance, surgents had increased by placing artillery upon their errors may be traced. The want of fixed principles, to subside." the preference of theory to practice, the dilatory habits of . . It is melancholy to reflect, how soon the Americans did it reach Veracruz for upwards of six those in power at one time, and their ill. judged strides were initiated in all the cant of revolutions, and taught months. The necessity of keeping the chantowards impracticable reforms at another, — all are of the to distrust the bewitching terms of patriotism and public nel of communication with Europe open, in, to the people, the turgid style which disligures most of selves a prey to private ambition, anarchy, and distress,” | duced Calleja, in December 1816, to intrust the chief command, both civil and military, of others, he concealed himself, when in the im. Victoria should pass in the mean time, the tor. the province of Veracruz, to Don Fernando mediate vicinity of the royal troops, beneath tillas would attract his attention, and convince Mīyārěs, (an officer of high rank and distin- the thick shrubs and creepers with which the him that some friend was in search of him. guished attainments, recently arrived from woods of Veracruz abound. At last a story His little plan succeeded completely: Victoria, Spain,) for the special purpose of establishing was made up, to satisfy the viceroy, of a body on crossing the ravine two days afterwards, a chain of fortified posts, on the whole ascent having been found, which had been recognised perceived the maize cakes, which the birds had to the Table-land, sufficiently strong to curb as that of Victoria. A minute description was fortunately not devoured. He had then been Victoria's incursions. The execution of this given of his person, which was inserted offi- four whole days without eating, and upwards plan was preceded and accompanied by a cially in the Gazette of Mexico, and the of two years without tasting bread; and he series of actions between the insurgents and troops were recalled to more pressing labours says himself, that he devoured the tortillas

alists, in the course of which Miyares gra- in the interior. But Victoria's trials did not before the cravings of his appetite would allow dually drove Victoria from his strong holds at cease with the pursuit : harassed and worn him to reflect upon the singularity of finding Puente del Rey, and Puente de San Juan out by the fatigues which he had undergone, them on this solitary spot, where he had never (September 1815) ; and although the latter his clothes torn to pieces, and his body lace before seen any trace of a human being. He maintained the unequal struggle for upwards rated by the thorny underwood of the tropics, was at a loss to determine whether they had of two years, he never was able to obtain he was indeed allowed a little tranquillity, but been left there by friend or foe; but feeling any decisive advantage over the reinforce- his sufferings were still almost incredible : sure, that whoever had left them intended to ments which the government was continually during the summer, he managed to subsist return, he concealed himself near the place, in sending to the seat of war. Two thousand upon the fruits of which nature is so lavish in order to observe his motions, and to take his European troops landed with Miyares, and one those climates; but in winter he was attenu- own measures accordingly. Within a short thousand more with Apădăcă, (in 1816); and ated by hunger, and I have heard him repeat time the Indian returned ; Victoria instantly notwithstanding the desperate efforts of Vic. edly affirm, that no repast has afforded him so recognised him, and abruptly started from his toria's men, their courage was of no avail much pleasure since, as he experienced, after concealment, in order to welcome his faithful against the superior discipline and arms of being long deprived of food, in gnawing the follower ; but the man, terrified at seeing a their adversaries. In the course of the year bones of horses, or other animals, that he hap- phantom, covered with hair, emaciated, and 1816, most of his old soldiers fell : those by pened to find dead in the woods. By degrees Clothed only with an old cotton wrapper, ad. whom he replaced them had neither the same he accustomed himself to such abstinence, that vancing upon him with a sword in his hand enthusiasm nor the same attachment to his he could remain four, and even five days, from amongst the bushes, took to fight; and person. The zeal with which the inhabitants without tasting any thing but water, without it was only on hearing himself repeatedly called had engaged in the cause of the revolution was experiencing any serious inconvenience; but by his name, that he recovered his composure worn out : with each reverse their discourage- whenever he was deprived of sustenance for a sufficiently to recognise his old general. He ment increased ; and, as the disastrous accounts longer period, his sufferings were very acute. was affected beyond measure at the state in from the interior left them but little hope of For thirty months he never tasted bread nor which he found him, and conducted him in. bringing the contest to a favourable issue, the saw a human being, nor thought, at times, stantly to his village, where Victoria was revillages refused to furnish any farther supplies ; ever to see one again. His clothes were received with the greatest enthusiasm. The the last remnant of Victoria's followers deserted duced to a single wrapper of cotton, which he report of his reappearance spread like lightning him, and he was left absolutely alone. Still, found one day, when driven by hunger he had through the province, where it was not credited his courage was unsubdued, and his resolution approached nearer than usual to some Indian at first, so firmly was every one convinced of not to yield, on any terms, to the Spaniards, huts, and this he regarded as an inestimable his death ; but as soon as it was known that unshaken. He refused the rank and rewards treasure. The mode in which Victoria, cut off, Guadelūpě Victoria was indeed in existence, which Apodaca proffered as the price of his as he was, from all communication with the all the old insurgents rallied around him. In submission, and determined to seek an asylum world, received intelligence of the revolution an incredibly short time he induced the whole in the solitude of the forests, rather than of 1821, is hardly less extraordinary than the province, with the exception of the fortified accept the indullo, on the faith of which so fact of his having been able to support exist towns, to declare for independence, and then many of the insurgents yielded up their arms.ence amidst so many hardships, during the set out to join Iturbide, who was at that time This extraordinary project was carried into intervening period. When in 1818 he was preparing for the siege of Mexico. He was execution with a decision highly characteristic abandoned by all the rest of his men, he was received with great apparent cordiality; but of the man. Unaccompanied by a single at- asked by two Indians, who lingered with him his independent spirit was too little in unison tendant, and provided only with a little linen to the last, and on whose fidelity he knew that with Iturbide's projects, for this good under. and a sword, Victoria threw himself into the he could rely, if any change took place, where standing to continue long. Victoria had fought mountainous district which occupies so large a he wished them to look for him ? *He pointed, for a liberal form of government, and not portion of the province of Veracruz, and dis- in reply, to a mountain at some distance, and merely for a change of masters ; and Iturbide, appeared from the eyes of his countrymen. told them that, on that mountain, perhaps, they unable to gain him over, drove him again into His after-history is so extremely wild, that I might find his bones. His only reason for se- the woods during his short-lived reign, from should hardly venture to relate it here, did not lecting it, was its being particularly rugged and whence he only returned to give the signal for the unanimous evidence of his countrymen inaccessible, and surrounded by forests of a vast a general rising against the too ambitious em. confirm the story of his sufferings, as I have extent. The Indians treasured up this hint, and peror.” often heard it from his own mouth. During as soon as the first news of Iturbide's declaration Here we must pause, and have only to add, the first few weeks, Victoria was supplied with reached them, they set out in quest of Victoria; that the beautiful illustrations of the work provisions by the Indians, who all knew and they separated on arriving at the foot of the stand in no need of the following interesting respected his name ; but Apodaca was so ap- mountain, and employed six whole weeks in apology for them. prehensive that he would again emerge from examining the woods with which it was co- “ The drawings were all taken upon the his retreat, that a thousand men were ordered vered : during this time, they lived principally spot; many of them under circumstances which out, in small detachments, literally to hunt by the chase; but finding their stock of maize would have discouraged most persons from him down. Wherever it was discovered that exhausted, and all their efforts unavailing, they making the attempt, as fatigue and a burning a village had either received him, or relieved were about to give up the attempt, when one of sun often combined to render it unpleasant. I his wants, it was burnt without mercy; and them discovered, in crossing a ravine which mention this in justice to Mrs. Ward, whose this rigour struck the Indians with such Victoria occasionally frequented, the print of a name, in conformity to custom, appears upon terror, that they either fled at the sight of foot, which he immediately recognised to be the plates, for all of which I am indebted to Victoria, or were the first to denounce the that of a European. By European, I mean her pencil.” approach of a man whose presence might prove of European descent, and consequently accusso fatal to them. For upwards of six months tomed to wear shoes, which always give a dif. Penelope ; or, Love's Labor Lost : a Novel. he was followed like a wild beast by his pur- ference of shape to the foot, very perceptible to 3 vols. 12mo. London, 1828. Hunt and suers, who were often so near him, that he the eye of a native. The Indian waited two Clarke. could hear their imprecations against himself, days upon the spot ; but seeing nothing of Vic. With too much of that affectation, the know. and Apodaca too, for having condemned them toria, and finding his supply of provisions quite ledge of fashionable life, so little really pos. to so fruitless a search. On one occasion, he at an end, he suspended upon a tree near the sessed, yet so set forth in the circulating escaped a detachment, which he fell in with place four tortillas, or little maize cakes, which mediums of the present day; with much of unexpectedly, by swimming a river, which were all he had left, and set out for his village, misrepresentation, much bad taste, and a story they were unable to cross ; and on several in order to replenish his wallets, hoping that if common-place, besides not being of very vivid

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interest ;-yet, with all these faults, there is inform me ?" • That I can, sir,' said Mr. Kip-stated, that the operatives find philosophy a enough in these pages to distinguish them from person ; and I shall have great pleasure in so far more agreeable recreation after labour than the mere run of everyday novels. There are doing ; for, to tell you the truth, I am a very drinking strong beer ?' 'You may be right, many lively remarks, many of the characters in zealous promoter of these institutions. The sir, and I have no doubt you are; but, as I middle life are well drawn, and the observa-object of these institutions is to give an oppor- have been so long out of England, it is not to tions are often as shrewd as they are neatly tunity to artisans, who are employed all day in be wondered at, that my ideas have not been turned. When we particularise “ middle life," manual labour, to acquire a scientific know- able to keep pace with the rapid strides which we do not mean to say that there are not ledge, not only of the art by which he lives education has made in England during that “ lords and ladies” enow on the canvass—but and at which he works, but of every thing else time. I am very far from wishing to throw all are drawn either by an ignorant or wilfully which can possibly be known or become a any objection or obstacle in the way of human perverting pencil. Nothing can be more ab- subject of human inquiry or interest. • But improvement. You call these establishments surd than the remarks about poaching. One of surely,' interrupted Mr. Primrose, “it is not mechanics' institutions :' but pray, sir, do the great faults in the cant of liberality, is, designed to convert mechanical into scientific you not allow any but mechanics to enjoy the that it leads to results the most opposite to its men. That seems to my view rather a contra- benefit of them ? Now there is a very numeroriginal setting out. Why one part of a gen- diction to the general order of things.' 'I beg ous class of men, and women toomfor I should tleman's property should be deemed a peculiar your pardon,' replied the other, you are re- think that so enlightened an age would not subject for depredation; or why his birds peating, I perceive, exploded objections. Is it exclude women from the acquisition of know. should be stolen more than his sheep,we possible, do you think, that a man should do ledge ;—there is, I say, a very numerous class have not philosophy enough to comprehend. his work worse for understanding something of of men and women who have much leisure and We believe game to be as expensive an article the philosophy of it? Is it not far better, little learning-I mean the servants of the of produce as any on the estate ; yet it is where it is practicable, that a man should act nobility and gentry at the west end of the very easy for a gentleman who owes his whole as a rational reflecting creature, than as a piece town. It would be charitable to instruct them landed property to mud and Macadam, to be of mere machinery ?". Very true, certainly, also in the sciences. How pleasant it must be most eloquently tolerant. But we are rather sir ; you are right. Ay, ay, now I see : you now for the coachman and footman, who are digressing, and so will now quote, instead of instruct all artisans in the philosophy of their waiting at the door of a house for their master criticising. The following dialogue in the several employments. Most excellent. Then, and mistress, at or after midnight, instead of mail is an amusing sketch of “ the march of I suppose, you teach architecture and read lec- sleeping on the carriage, or swearing and blasintellect."

tures on Vitruvius to journeymen-bricklayers ?' pleming, as they too frequently do, to have a “ We need not say that Mr. Kipperson was Nay, nay, sir,' replied Mr. Kipperson,' we knowledge of astronomy, and study the move. in good spirits. He always was so. He was do not carry it quite so far as that.' • Oh! I ments of the planets. Is there no provision so very happy that by this last journey to Lon- (beg your pardon,' replied Mr. Primrose, “I had made for these poor people ?' *Certainly there don he had saved the nation from being starved not the slightest idea that this was carrying is,' said Mr. Kipperson. There are cheap to death by a superabundance of corn. What your system too far. It might, perhaps, be a publications which treat of all the arts and a fine thing it is to be the cleverest man in the little refinement on the scheme, to suppose that sciences ; so that for the small charge of six. kingdom! What would become of us all were you would teach tailors anatomy; but after all pence, a gentleman's coachman may, in the it not for such men as Mr. Kipperson starting I do not see why you should start at carrying course of a fortnight, become acquainted with up about once in a century, or twice a week, a matter of this kind too far. The poet says, all the Newtonian theory.' Mr. Primrose was to rectify all the errors of all the rest of the “ a little knowledge is a dangerous thing ;' and, delighted and astonished at what Mr. Kipperworld ? And what is the use of all the world for my own part, I can see no great liberality son told him; he could hardly believe his beside, but to admire the wisdom of such men in this parsimonious and stinted mode of deal. senses ; le began to imagine that he must as Mr. Kipperson ? Our only fear is, that we ing out knowledge ; for unless you teach the himself be the most ignorant and uninformed may have too many such profoundly wise men ; lower classes all that is to be taught, you make, person in his majesty's dominions. and the consequence of an over supply of wis- or, more properly speaking, keep up, the dis- tell me, sir,' continued he, “if those persons, dom would be to ruin the nation by folly. tinction.' Mr. Kipperson was not best pleased whose time and attention are of necessity so Whether Mr. Kipperson addressed Mr. Prim- with these remarks: he saw that his fellow-much occupied, are become so well informed ; rose, or Mr. Primrose addressed Mr. Kipperson, traveller was one of those narrow-minded aris. do others, who have greater leisure, keep pace we know not; but in a very short time they tocratic people, who are desirous of keeping with them; or, I should say, do they keep as became mighty good friends. To some obser- the mass of the people in gross ignorance, in much in the advance as their leisure and opvation of Mr. Primrose, his fellow-traveller order that they may be the more easily go portunity allow them ? For, according to your replied : You have been abroad, I suppose, verned and imposed upon. Though in good account, the very poorest of the community sir ?! I have, sir,' said Mr. Primrose, and truth it has been said, that the ignorant are are better instructed now, than were the gentry that for a long while: it is now upwards of not so easily governed as the enlightened. when I lived in England.' Education, sir,' sixteen years since I left England, and I am 'The ingenious and learned Mr. Kipperson then answered Mr. Kipperson, with the tone of an most happy to return to it. Many changes replied : “ You may say what you please, sir, oracle, “is altogether upon the advance. The bave taken place since I went abroad, and in disparagement of the system of enlightening science of instruction has reached a point of some, I hope, for the better.' 'Many im- the public mind; but surely you must allow perfection which was never anticipated ; nay, provements have indeed been made in the that it is far better for a poor industrious me. I may say, we are astonished at ourselves. course of that time. We have improved, for chanic to attend some lecture on a subject of The time is now arrived when the only ig. instance, in the rapidity with which we travel ; science or philosophy, than to spend his even- norant and aninformed persons are those who our roads are as smooth as a bowling-green. ings in drunkenness and intemperance.' ' In- have had the misfortune to be educated at our

But our greatest improvements of all are our deed, sir, I have no wish to disparage the public schools and universities ; for in them intellectual improvements. We have made system of enlightening the public mind; and I there is no improvement. I have myself been wonderful strides in the march of intellect. am quite of your opinion, that it is much more witness of the most shocking and egregious England is now the first country in the world desirable that a labouring man'- Opera- ignorance in those men who call themselves for all that relates to science and art. The cul- tive, if you please,' said Mr. Kipperson ; we masters of arts. They know nothing in the tivation of the understanding has advanced most have no labouring men.' Well,' pursued world about agriculture, architecture, botany, astonishingly.' 'I remember noticing when Mr. Primrose, operative : the term used to ship-building, navigation, ornithology, political I was in India,' said Mr. Primrose, that the be labouring or working when I was last in economy, icthyology, zoology, or any of the number of publications seemed much increased. England. I will agree with you, sir, that it is ten thousand sciences with which all the rest But many of them appeared to be merely light really better that an operative should study of the world is intimate. I have actually reading." Very likely, sir; but we have not philosophy, than that he should drink an inor- beard an Oxford student, as he called himself, merely light reading ; we have a most abundant dinate quantity of beer. Bat do you find, sir, when looking over a manufactory at Birmingsupply of scientific publications; and these are that your system does absolutely and actually ham, ask such questions as shewed that he was read with the utmost avidity by all classes of produce such effects ??. • Do we?' exclaimed totally ignorant even of the very first rudi. people, especially by the lower classes. You Mr. Kipperson triumphantly: that we cer- ments of button-making.', Astonishing ighave no doubt heard of the formation of the tainly and clearly do ; it is clear to demonstra- norance ! exclaimed Mr. Primrose, who was mechanics' institutes ?' • I have, sir,' replied tion; for, since the establishment of mechanics' rather sleepy ; • I dare say they make it a Mr. Primrose ; but I am not quite aware of institutes, the excise has fallen off very consi- rule to teach nothing but ignorance at the two the precise nature of their constitution, or the derably. And what can that deficiency be universities.! 'I believe you are right, sir,' object at which they aim. Perhaps you can owing to, if it be not to the fact which I have said Mr. Kipperson, rubbing his hands with

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