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ing was not far advanced when the sound of and they were all, with a few exceptions, Cuesta never gained a victory, yet he was con firing ceased, and the most perfect order, con remarkably fine men. Some, indeed, were stantly eager to fight; and when the battle sistent with a scene of universal rejoicing extremely young - too young for service - began, he was always to be found in the post among the people, prevailed in Oporto. Our particularly among the recruits which had of greatest danger. That, however, was a head-quarters being established in the house lately joined ; but take them for all in all, it matter of very little moment ; for he gave no which Soult had occupied, we found every would not be easy to point out a better-made, orders except to push on; and as to arrangepreparation for a comfortable dinner in pro- stouter, or more hardy-looking body of soldiers ment, or the mode of executing maneuvres, gress ; for the French marshal quitted the in the service of any nation in Europe. Of they were things quite unknown in his army. place so lately as two in the afternoon, long their appointments it is not possible to speak It was said that Brigadier.general Quiske, after his sumptuous meal had been ordered in the same terms of commendation. There Cuesta's military secretary, was a man of taIt will be readily imagined that we were not were, indeed, some battalions whose arms, ac- lent. Him, however, we did not see; but backward in doing ample justice to it. But coutrements, and even clothing, might be pro-O'Donaghoe struck me as being clever and ours was not a situation which sanctioned the nounced respectable ; but in general they were sensible, though, like other favourites who act loss of a single hour in relaxation."

very deficient, particularly in shoes. It was for their principal, an intriguer and a politician. Actions like these led to a most important easy to perceive, likewise, from the attitude in Respecting the rest of the generals, it was ima result. The army looked with confidence to which they stood, as well as from the manner possible to form any opinion, as Cuesta seemed the genius of its commander; and dangers and in which they held their arms, that little or no particularly unwilling that they should hold privations were overcome by the enthusiasm of discipline prevailed among them; and hence any serious conversation with us. It is true, anticipated triumphs. Activity was another of that in general they could not be regarded in that he presented them one by one to Sir Ará Wellesley's characteristics : about this period any other light than as raw levies. Some corps thur Wellesley, the ceremony taking place he rapidly traversed the south to ascertain by there doubtless were, such as the Irish brigades, after breakfast on the 11th ; but no words his own observation the actual state of Cuesta's a battalion or two of marines from Cadiz, and were exchanged on the occasion, and each army; and the account of the visit is so curious, the remnants of their grenadier battalions, retired after he had made his bow. This cerethat we are tempted to quote it. The party which deserved a higher military character; mony having been gone through, Sir Arthur had missed their way, and the author relates : but speaking of them in the aggregate, they Wellesley and Cuesta withdrew, at the request

“Darkness had, in consequence, set in be- were little better than bold peasantry, armed of the former, to an inner apartment, where fore we began to approach the camp. This partially like soldiers, but completely unac- they held a conference which lasted four hours. was the more to be regretted, as Cuesta had quainted with a soldier's duty. This remark What passed on the occasion I know not, as I drawn out his whole force for Sir Arthur Wel applied fully as much to the cavalry as to the did not happen to be present; but I heard that lesley's inspection. The troops had been under infantry. The horses were many of them good, O'Donaghoe, who assisted his general, was the arms during four hours, in momentary expec- but their riders manifestly knew nothing of chief speaker, and that Cuesta was, as usual, tation of our arrival ; whilst the poor old man movement or discipline; and they were, as well almost wholly silent. When it came to a close, himself, though still lame from the effects of on this account as on the score of a miserable dinner was announced, and we sat down at his bruises at Medelin, sat on horseback at equipment, quite unfit for general service. three o'clock to about forty dishes, the princitheir head during the greater part of that time. The artillery, again, was numerous, but totally pal ingredients in which were garlic and onions. Our arrival at the camp was announced by a unlike, both in order and arrangement, to that our meal did not occupy us long , and on general discharge of artillery, upon which ‘an of other armies ; and the generals appeared to Cuesta retiring, as was his custom, to enjoy his immense number of torches were made to blaze have been selected according to one rule alone, siesta, we mounted our horses, and rode out up, and we passed the entire Spanish line in namely, that of seniority. They were almost into the camp. By this means we were enabled review by their light. The effect produced by all old men ; and, except O'Donaghoe and Lar. to see more of the regiments separately than these arrangements was one of no ordinary gas, evidently incapable of bearing the fatigues we had seen during the torch-light review. character. As the torches were held aloft, at or surmounting the difficulties of one hard We saw, however, nothing which served, in moderate intervals from one another, they campaign. It was not so with the colonels and any degree, to raise our opinion of the general threw a red and wavering light over the whole commanders of battalions, who appeared to be efficiency of our allies; and we returned to our scene, permitting, at the same time, its minuter young and active, and of whom we had every host at a late hour, more than ever impressed parts to be here and there cast into shade ; reason to believe that many were rapidly learn with the persuasion, that if the deliverance of whilst the grim and swarthy visages of the ing to become skilful officers. The place at the Peninsula was to be effected at all, it must soldiers, their bright arms and dark uniforms, which we paid this visit, and witnessed these be done, not by the Spaniards, but by ourselves. appeared peculiarly picturesque as often as the events, was called Casa del Puertos, where the At an early hour next morning we took leave flashes fell upon them. Then there was the head-quarters of the Spanish army were esta- of Cuesta, and set out on our return to Plafrequent roar of cannon, the shouldering of blished in a wretched hovel. We alighted here cencia. The old Spaniard brightened up as firelocks, mingled with the brief word of com- after the review had ended ; and as soon as we we bid him farewell, and embracing us after the mand, and rattling of accoutrements and arms, entered, Cuesta, who seemed quite overpowered manner of his country, repeated over and over as we passed from battalion to battalion : all by fatigue, retired to rest ; but he returned again that he was fully satisfied with the result these served to interest the sense of hearing to again at eleven o'clock to supper, and sat with of the communication with which Sir Arthur the full as much as the spectacle attracted the us till past midnight. He sat, however, as he had honoured him. How far the feeling of sense of sight. Nor was old Cuesta himself an always did under similar circumstances, in pro. satisfaction was mutual, I take it not upon me object to be passed by without notice, even at found silence, neither seeking to take a share to determine ; but that the journey had not such a moment and under such circumstances in the conversation, nor, apparently at least, been performed absolutely in vain, the orders as these. The old man preceded us_not so paying the slightest attention to it. I was which were issued immediately on our arrival much sitting on his horse as held upon it by much struck by this singularity of manner, and at head-quarters, for the troops to hold them. two pages-at the imminent hazard of being inquired of those around me whether it were selves in readiness to march at a moment's overthrown whenever a cannon was discharged, assumed ; but they all represented it as being notice, sufficiently attested.” or a torch flared out with peculiar brightness; perfectly natural, and gave rather a curious

To be concluded in our next. indeed his physical debility was so remarkable, account of the aged chief. Every thing, it apas clearly to mark his total unfitness for the peared, went on throughout the army rather in situation which he then held. As to his mental his name, than by his immediate orders ; for The Croppy; a Tale of 1798. By the Authors powers, he gave us little opportunity of judg- he governed his followers wholly by a system of the O'Hara Tales, &c. 3 vols. 12mo. ing, inasmuch as he scarcely uttered five words of silence and terror, of which all stood won. London, 1828. Colburn. during the continuance of our visit ; but his derfully in awe. Cuesta was a person of no Not to mix too much of the dulce with our corporal infirmities alone were at absolute va- talent whatever ; but he was a brave, upright, utile of this week, too much of the novelist riance with all a general's duties, and shewed and honourable man, full of prejudices, and with the graver proportions of the Gazette, we that he was bow fit only for the retirement of obstinate to a great degree, and abhorring the pass over Mr. Banim's new work, and do little private life. In this manner we passed about French with the hatred of personal rancour. more than announce its appearance. The adsix thousand cavalry, drawn up in rank entire, On the latter account, and because they knew ventures of a gentleman, Henry Talbot, and a and not less than twenty battalions of infantry, that he would never willingly betray them, the lady, Eliza Hartley, are involved in the insureach consisting of perhaps from seven to eight Spaniards reposed unbounded confidence in rection of 1798. The Croppy, a rebel, acts a hundred men. These formed but one portion Cuesta ; and they did so the more readily, as conspicuous part, and comes to a violent end : of the army, the rest being either at the bridge he never failed to hang, or otherwise put to his mother turns a maniac. We have also of Arzobespo, or in position along the Tagus ; Ideath, every traitor that fell into his hands. / Nanny, the knitter, a curious Irish character ;

SIGHTS OF BOOKS.

a Dice-thrower, something of the kind of the dustry, or its reward: but the selection is not against the old system), may be ascribed the Card-drawer; and several superstitions very altogether judicious. The poetry at the end revolution which is about to take place on the cleverly illustrated.

is complete trash; and the plan of the little French stage. Macready appeared in Virgi

geographical sketches, one or two short bio- nius on the night of the 16th, in which he A Narrative of Memorable Events in Paris, in graphies, and some historical scraps, is rather was worthy of himself

, and excited the combined 1814. Edited by J. Britton. 8vo. pp. 298. well imagined at the commencement, than sensations of sensibility and horror in his audi. Longman and Co. well carried into execution.

ence: applauses and encores were frequent, and This is the journal of a Détenu, and records

the words, C'est un Talma Anglais ! resounded very faithfully what the writer witnessed and The Gentleman's Pocket Magazine, and Album from more than one box. The Duchess de heard during one of the most memorable years of Literature and Fine Arts. By the Editor Berri was (on dit) enchanted with him in the of this or any other age. We can bear tes. of the Lady's Pocket Magazine. J. Robins. role of Macbeth, though she only saw him in timony to his accuracy on many points, and are London, 1828.

the first act. It is reported, that Kean has rethus led to place implicit reliance on his state- A VERY amusing miscellany; though better nounced his English engagements to gratify ments respecting others. The volume is, al- in its selected than in its original matter. Parisian curiosity, and to acquiesce in the together, gossiping and entertaining ; but as There is, however, an injustice in selections wishes which the Duke of Orleans has expressed its principal contents have already appeared in of this kind,—the want of proper acknow. to see him display his talents in this capital. a contemporary periodical (the London Ma- ledgment to the sources whence their matériel It would appear, that the French have con. gazine), we do not think it requisite to illus- is derived. There are one or two pretty en-ceived the same goút for foreign actors as they trate it by any selections, though some of the gravings, and a series of very entertaining generally have for their neighbours' wives ; for anecdotes are tempting enough.

coloured prints by Cruikshanks, representing English literature, English tragedians, and even

beadles, draymen, dustmen, &c., most striking comedians, are the rage. Mary IIarland, or the Journey to London: а and characteristic likenesses, and perfect in Tale of Humble Life. 18mo. pp. 320. Edin- costume and other attributes.

Letters of an American, on the Situation burgh, Oliver and Boyd : London, Whit.

Industrielle de la France, are highly esteemed, taker.

as bearing the seal of truth in their observa. A very neatly got-up, and a very well-in.

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE.

tions. The author expresses his surprise at Paris, April 21st.

the contrast between theory and reality. “No tended book ; but one of which we must express In the classing of news, I suppose the serious country (says he) possesses more profound and our decided disapprobation. The minute story has a right to precedency : so commence with learned men, or more brilliant public

establish: repentance and restoration to happiness, by Mr. Cousin's philosophical lectures. This pro- ments ; yet none profit so little in their applimarrying a worthy young man,-however inter- fessor is highly esteemed here, as was mani- cation of them.” He alludes also to the philolarded by moral and religious reflections, is far fested by the numerous audience which attended sophical schools, as tending to bend the mind more likely to produce evil by its details and his first discourse, and the lively enthusiasm to the yoke of mysticism, under an appearance example, than good by its inculcations and evinced on his appearing in the salle. Mr. of bringing it to perfection. The philosophers homilies. We see too much of the vicious side Cousin set out by contending that philosophy is of the age will be but little obliged to this of the picture, and too little of the consequences: not a vain dream, but the natural produce of writer for opening the eyes of the blind, and and “preachee, preachee” cannot amend the the seeds of intelligence given to human beings; for opposing facts to falsehoods. These Letters, matter, nor prove that the Magdalen would therefore, that its birth is a necessary, not a though peculiarly applicable to France, must have fared one jot better had she been quite casual effect. He then proceeded, with much be interesting to every country, particularly to virtuous and immaculate. In such designs it eloquence, to shew how man, by the application England, to which, perhaps, many of the truths is desirable that the pattern of the Scriptures of thought, changes the face of nature; how, contained in them may also apply. should be followed: there we hear of the suf- by his industry, he varies and subdues matter; I do not know whether you have seen an ad. ferings, the despair, the repentance, and the how, by his ideas of justice, he transforms the vertisement in a Literary Gazette of Leipzig, faith ; but we have no descriptions of the sin to savage into a social state; how, by art, he by a Friend of Humanity, proposing a reward heat the imagination more than all an author's changes le spectacle du monde, and corrects it to any one who will discover a means of dimi. lecturing can cool it.

according to his conception of perfection; and, nishing the faculty of thinking until the year

finally, how, by the worship rendered to the 1840, particularly in young married women Conversations on the English Constitution. Divinity, he gives life and form to the relations and young men, to whom the habit of reflec12mo. pp. 389. Longman and Co.

existing between the creature and the Creator. tion is particularly pernicious; as they see too Tue quantum of instruction to be obtained Another man of deep science, whose name I much ! hear too much! write too much !-Soul from works of the class before us can hardly be am not at liberty to cite, is preparing a work doctors, body doctors, and political doctors, are estimated. When well put together, as the on analogy and attraction, which he asserts will excepted. An institution for young students present volume is, they convey all the informa- throw a new light on the destiny of man, and at Madrid bids fair to gain the prize.

Madame de Genlis is reviving with the tion necessary for ordinary purposes to the completely crush the doctrine of materialism, general reader, and in a simple and agreeable now, unhappily, but too prevalent.

spring, and is again preparing a soporific for manner make him sufficiently master of some

The Princesse Constance de Salm has lately the public, and food for the pens of critics, who subject which it would require the perusal of written a poem, entitled L'Esprit de l'Aveugle- generally treat her most unmercifully, making many tomes, and the application of much hard ment du Siècle, in which she traces " the little allowance for her age and former preju.

dices. study, to become acquainted with in the usual march” of the human mind. According to her, way. It is like extracting essences in che- it has taken a crab-like pace, if we are to judge Scandal, which is a plant of all nations, an mistry, and giving all the virtue of bulky by the two following lines :

ever-green which resists cold and heat, is in masses in small crystals or liquid drops : Hale,

“ Ne touchons nous pas à ce moment suprême,

full vigour here at present. Thanks to Messrs. Rushworth, and Blackstone, condensed into a

Ou tout décompose et s'eteint de soi-même.” les Anglais, who are accused of bringing their few paragraphs and pages. We cannot too

Though a woman, Madame la Princesse has a better halves to the continent, as a last effort much praise this little work : a knowledge of just title to wear the laurel, as her verse is to conquer their obstinate fidelity. This exour noble constitution ought to be impressed harmonious and replete with thought, force, and periment has latterly answered the hopes of on the mind of every Englishman, and En- feeling.

those who are tired of conjugal felicity, and glish woman too, of liberal education; and yet

This may be called the Shakspearean age, for promises a rich harvest to English lawyers, as we fear it is too often neglected, from the that great poet never excited more enthusiasm more than one of Britain's lords are preparing notion of its being dry and tedious. These than at present. M. Emile Deschamp and proofs of their wives' weakness. This success, Conversations, the work of a young barrister Alfred de la Vigne have just translated lite. however, will not, I trust, induce too numerous will impart the intelligence in a very pleasant, rally into verse his Romeo and Juliet, which is an emigration. There are also instances where way.

to be represented without any alteration. Mac- a bold stroke to get rid of a wife fails, as was

beth and Othello are also translating by the lately proved by the exclamation of an HiberThe First Flowers; or, Literary Bouquet. same authors, who pique themselves on keeping nian, on hearing the good fortune of his

Embellished with Eight Engravings. T. to the originality of the text. They speak here friends-“ Heavens ! will no one take a fancy Griffiths. London, 1828.

of opening a second Théâtre Français, as a to my wife ?” The title of the work seems to us singularly means of deciding the literary quarrel between

See also our dramatic head for a notice of the effect inappropriate. It is an elegant little volume, the dramatiques and the classiques. To En- produced by this admirable performer on the French blending amusement and instruction ; welí glish theatricals, as also to the pens of Lamar-audiences. He seems to have been recalled hastily from adapted to be the incitement to juvenile in. Itine, Victor Hugo, Nodier (who have declaimed on Monday, and was received with great applause.

I am likewise sorry to say, an Englishman of (marshalled around the flag-staff upon Pointsburg they will meet Dr. Erman, from Berlin, rank is reported to have committed forgery William, the colours were hoisted, and the who will go with them as naturalist and astrohere: the police are in search of him, and, if proclamation read. Three cheers to the boat- nomer. They will proceed from St. Petersburg to caught, the galleys will be his fate.

swain's whistle followed, and then royal salutes Moscow, Kasan, and Tobolsk, and northwards It is rumoured that M. Damas is to become were fired. The very solemn document which along the Obi to Beresow, in order to examine the governor of the young Duke de Bourdeaux. I have termed proclamation was lawfully sub- the hitherto imperfectly known northernmost This choice displeases the nation in general; scribed by all present ; and should it appear branch of the Ural chain, and to observe the however, it is not yet decided. M. Damas is in the London Gazette, I have no doubt the temperature of that tract. They will afterof the old school of prejudice, therefore little names of some of the subscribing parties will wards go from Tobolsk by way of Tara, capable of bringing up a prince who is to live excite general merriment. Buonaparte and Tomsk, Krasnoiarsk, and Nischnei-Udinsk, to in a world of new opinion. The Duke de Gra- George Rex were amongst the number who Irkoutsk, where they hope to arrive in time mont is seriously ill not expected to recover. witnessed the taking peaceable possession of to pass the winter. Hence they mean to travel M. de Sayes also, who pleaded the cause of Fernando Po. Doctor. Wollaston and Doctor north-east to Jakoutsk, from which the most fa. Louis XVI. is verging towards the tomb; but Syntax were also present ; but neither of these tiguing part of the journey will be to Ochotsk, as his measure of days is full, less regret will learned gentlemen could write their names, as there are 1014 wersts (676 miles) to go over, be felt for his loss than for that of the poor and were therefore obliged to attach their in a country entirely uninhabited, in which Duke de Rivières.

marks in the shape of a x. Horace Walpole they must pass perhaps a thousand streams,

and Benjamin West did the same. Neither bivouac in the night, and take provisions for ARTS AND SCIENCES.

did the autographs of Saint Macauley, Hum- the whole journey. It is calculated that the

phrey Davy, Billy Button, and Nicholas Car- tour may occupy two years. The grand object FERNANDO PO.

lisle, differ materially in character from those of this important expedition is to observe the We have again the satisfaction of laying before of Pea Soup, Soda Water, John Dory, and One phenomena of magnetism, and to ascertain, if our readers the latest intelligence received from Glass. Arthur Wellesley affixed his mark also possible, the situation of the magnetic poles, &c. this new colony. Having established confiden- with Tom the First, Jem Neverfear, Black tial correspondence wherever public curiosity Chappy, Chaw Tobacco, Tom Liverpool, and DEATH OF CAPTAIN CLAPPERTON. and interest pointed, at least to a wider extent Prince Will.

HOWEVER slight the hopes which were enterthan ever was before attempted by any literary The purchase-iron paid for our right of set- tained for the safety of Captain Clapperton, we or political journal, we shall continue to give tlement at Clarence seems only to have in- regret to say that no doubt now exists of the the information which reaches us, without creased the native craving for this metal. In fate of this enterprising traveller. His servant beeding the rash and unfounded contradictions fact, the people of Fernando Po, though arrived on Thursday at Portsmouth, in the Esk which may emanate from other quarters. generally an honest race, cannot withstand the sloop of war; and from him we learn that

Clarence Cove, January 5, 1828. all-powerful temptation of iron ; and we have, Captain Clapperton died on the 13th April, Our establishment here proceeds prosperously; therefore, been obliged to commence the in- 1827, at Sockatoo, where he had been detained the island is extremely fertile, with abundance struction of the islanders, quoting Hudibras for for five months, in consequence of the Sultan of fresh water, and some excellent anchorages. our text-book, in

Bello of Sockatoo not permitting him to proAs a settlement, it is likely to become an im

.“ what dangers do environ

ceed, on account of the war between him and portant, and I hope a fortunate one; although

The man that meddles with cold iron."

Bornou. He had waited there in hopes of it is not a little ominous, that the spot selected Several most daring thefts took place; and the getting permission to go on to T'imbuctoo, and by us is probably that which was chosen by the authority of the officers became unable to re- lived in a small circular clay hut belonging to Spaniards for their ill-fated colony. This we strain our own men from purloining iron for the the sultan's brother, the size of which was conjecture from the discovery of some coins purposes of barter with the natives. There about fifty yards each way. He was attacked and a large Spanish bottle, which were found had hitherto been but little difficulty in reclaim- with dysentery; and latterly fell away rapidly, in digging, although not the slightest traces of ing the stolen article from the natives in cases and became much emaciated. Two days bebuildings or entrenchments are to be seen ; and where they had themselves been guilty of the fore he died, he requested his servant to shave no other indication besides the relics I have just theft; but when they had received it in barter him, as he was too weak to sit up. On its mentioned, and which Captain Owen has sent from any of our people, it was irrecoverable. completion, he asked for a looking-glass, and home to the Admiralty, leads to the opinion, Captain Owen, therefore, with a view to remarked he was doing better, and should cer. except that the timber is of a much smaller enforce discipline, determined on making one tainly get over it. The morning on which he growth, and has evidently been cleared at no or two examples of the guilty, and accordingly died, he breathed loud and became restless, very distant period.

selected two of the most notorious thieves and shortly after expired in his servant's arms. The Spaniards evacuated Fernando Po about (Africans) for punishment. One of these he He was buried by him at a small village (Jun. the close of the year 1782. According to an Aogged, and then turned on shore ; the other gali), five miles to the S.E. of Sockatoo, and account which I have met with, the original was probably drowned, having jumped over- followed to his grave by his faithful attendant settlement consisted of 3000 men, who were board from the Eden, where he was placed in and five slaves. The corpse was carried by a abundantly supplied with brass cannon and irons. Towards the natives no act of violence camel, and the place of interment marked by a military stores ; but the natives were so dis- whatever has taken place, and a mutual con- small square house of clay, erected by his serpleased at their proceedings, which are reported fidence seems to be established between us : vant, who then got permission from the sultan to have been strongly marked by treachery and their respect for Captain Owen is very great ; to return home. He accordingly journeyed to bad faith, that they poisoned the palm wine and his word will soon be complete law with Badagry, which occupied him seven months, with which they supplied them, and not more them.

and was taken off the coast by Capt. Laing, of than 200 effected their escape. The cannon As yet we have all been, thank God, ex. the merchant brig Maria, of London, in Janu. were dismounted and buried, according to this ceedingly healthy. We have abundant sup- ary 1828, to whom he expresses himself most account, (so that it is possible we may stumble plies of turtle, fish, sheep, fowls, and yams ; grateful for his attentions and the preservaupon them in our grubbing,) and the natives but after March, about which time the rainy tion of his being. He states that he nearly lost are said, immediately on the departure of the season will commence, I shall be able to speak his life while at Badagry, from the Portuguese Spaniards, to have levelled all their works with more satisfactorily on the score of the salubrity setting the minds of the natives against him, the ground, and Aung the stones of which they of the place. We have now been here upwards and that they attempted to administer poison were formed into the sea.

of five months, and have been necessarily sub- to him in his drink. He landed at Cape Coast, On Christmas day Captain Owen took formal ject to much and severe exposure. During whence he was brought by the Esk. possession of our new settlement, which he has that time out of 170 Europeans, five only have Whilst travelling to Badagry he lost four namned Clarence, apparently much to the satis. died; and including Africans our loss has been horses and two asses, from their being exposed faction of the natives, in consideration of three but six out of 500. The prevalent disease ap- to the sun, and fording the rivers which were bars of iron having been duly paid and de- pears to be a contagious kind of ulcer, of which much swollen by the rains. livered by him for the fee simple thereof. On thirty cases are at present on our surgeon's list.

He also confirms the account that Mungo this occasion a grand procession took place

Park was lost on a reef of rocks which runs the officers and crew of the Eden, the Royal NORTHERN SCIENTIFIC EXPEDITION. from the island of Busa (or Boussa) in the Marines, the Royal African Corps, and the Towards the end of this month (April), Pro- Niger. Park got on the reef, and was unable Clarence Militia, colours flying-drums beating fessor Hanstein will set out on his journey to to get off. When the natives saw him, they -fifes playing—bugles sounding, marched from Siberia. He will be accompanied by Lieu- came down and fired on him and his party. the border parade; when, having been properly tenant Due, of the navy; and at St. Peters. Three black slaves and two white companions

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threw themselves in despair in each other's

with nebulæ ; one of considerable magnitude arms into the river, and perished. Captain The earth, as seen from the sun, is this day in near the intersection of the ecliptic and solClapperton's servant also states that Park's son the zodaical constellation Scorpio; the arctic stitial colure. died at five days' journey in the interior from regions are gradually gliding into the light ; to Deptford.

J. T. B. Accra, in January last.

all places north of the equator the days are (We are thus unhappily confirmed in our account of increasing, and the nights decreasing ; the in- LITERARY AND LEARNED. the death of Clapperton, though the details

differ from habitants of the parallel of London have the OXFORD, April 26.-On Thursday, the following degrees the native statements, which may readily be attributed to their love of the marvellous.-Ed. L. G.] sun above their horizon from half-past four were conferred :

Masters of Arts. - Rev. C. Maybery, Scholar of Jesus o'clock in the morning till half-past seven in College; R. W. Hall, Oriel College; H. Moresby, Exeter ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY.

the evening ; the regions of the polar circle College; G. Riggs, Taberdar of Queen's College : Hon. Tue anniversary meeting of this Society was have the presence of the glorious luminary College.

J. Mitford, New College ; Rev. A. L. Lambert, Trinity held at one o'clock on Tuesday, at the Rooms eighteen hours; and extensive tracts about the Bachelor of Arts.-W. H. Vernon, J. B. Bennett, Mag. of the Horticultural Society in Regent-street ; North Pole have constant day, with the sun dalen Hall; R. A. Hornby, Oriel College. the Marquess of Lansdowne, President, in the continually visible during several rotations of day last the following degrees were conferred : ehair. A numerous attendance of members the earth about its axis.

Bachelor in Divinity-Rev. R. Walpole, Trinity Coltook place, in consequence of the interest ex- 20th day, 15 hrs. 34 m.- The sun enters

lege.

Masters of Arts.-J. Bishton, F. S. Flood, W. M. Praed, cited by the extraordinary progress of the insti- Gemini according to the fixed zodiac: his true Fellow, H. D. Ward, Trinity College; Rev. J. F. Isaactution during the last year, and the expectation place in the heavens is in the neck of the son, Fellow, Rev. C. H. Hartshorne, St. John's College; that an arrangement would be made at the Bull, in a direct line with, and equally distant Rev. W.C. Twiss, Caius College; E. H. Cosens, Catharine meeting, by which the attractions of the Gar- from, Aldebaran and Pleiades.

Bachelors of Arts.-H. Davis, C. Hayes, M. Le Mann, dens and Museum might be more generally Lunar Phases and Conjunctions.

G. Rose, T. Rotton, A. Way, Trinity College; D. B.

Baker, R. Chapman, J. Clay, T. Fawcett, C. Fisher, extended to the public than hitherto. Many

J. Fitzmaurice, J. Hamilton, J. Saunders, F. Tuckett, of the most zealous supporters of the establish.

C Last Quarter, in Capricornus

F. S. Wilmot, W. Wynne, St. John's College; P. HanNew Moon, in Aries

ham, F. W. Maltby, St. Peter's College: J. Macdonald, ment were present, and took an active part in

) First Quarter, in Leo .

Caius College; N. Bennett, R. L. Bridge, J. Coghlan, the proceedings of the day. Among them we O Full Moon, in Scorpio

T. E. Hiscock, C. Langdon, H. Murray, 3. M. Williams, noticed the Duke of Somerset--the Earls of The moon will be in conjunction with

Queen's College; J. Cordeaux, Catharine Hall; A. AnDarnley and Carnarvon - Viscount Gage

nand, Jesus College; B. Chapman, J. Robertson, Christ Mars in Sagittarius

College; J. Foster, Emmanuel College.
Lords Auckland and Stanley—the Bishop of
Bath and Wells Sir Everard Home-Mr. B.
Ś Piscium

ROYAL SOCIETY.
Wall, M.P.Mr. Croker, M.P.-Mr. C. Bar.

Mercury in Aries
à Tauri.

At the meeting on Thursday the 24th, a

14 7 44 clay, M.P.--the Presidents of the Royal and

paper was read, containing an account of ExpeVenus in Gemini

17 Geological Societies—Gen. Thornton-Capts.

riments on the Elastic Curve, by B. Bevan, Saturn in Gemini

17 18 30 Yorke, R.N. and Sabine, R.A.-Messrs. Mars

Esq. : communicated by Dr. Roget. den, Colebrooke, Tooke, Hoblyn, Warre, Bar

23d day, 4 hrs. 15 m.-Mercury in his su

In inquiries on the strength of materials, it nard, Pepys, D. Barton, Rev. Messrs. Stanley perior conjunction.

is often desirable to know the real pature of the and Hope, Drs. Waring, Pacifico, Harwood,

12th day, 15 hrs. „Venus in conjunction curve assumed by a prismatic rod, when acted Barton, the Treasurer and Secretary, &c. &c.

with $ Geminorum, a double star of the third After the usual routine business was con- magnitude: the planet will be rather less than upon by the weight of its own parts. This curve

has generally been stated to be the parabola ; cluded, a report from the Council was read by a degree north of the star. the active and able Secretary, giving a detailed

19th day.-Greatest elongation, and 45 deg. doubt the accuracy of the theory from which

but repeated observation has led the author to account of the finances of the Society during distant from the sun: this angular distance is this conclusion has been deduced ; and with a the preceding year, and of the works completed not a constant quantity, but varies according view, therefore, to determine, by direct trial, and in progress at the Gardens in the Regent's to the positions of the axes of the elliptical the real form of the curve,

he instituted a series Park. "Upwards of two hundred living ani- orbits of Venus and the earth. When Venus of experiments on prismatic rods, of various mals, most of them of interest and rare occur arrives at its greatest elongation from the

sun, substances, and of various depths and lengths, rence, were stated to be now on view in the at the time it is at the extremity of the major some fixed at one end, and others supported at Gardens, exclusive of a considerable number of axis of its orbit, its distance is at its maximum; both ends, in a horizontal position. In every wild fowl and gallinaceous birds, which were and at every other position it must be less, till instance he found the actual curve to differ preserved in the lake and islands in the Park, the minor axis is similarly circumstanced, from a parabola, and the deviations in the sevethe use of which had been lately granted to the when its greatest angular distance will be at ral points examined were such as indicated a Society by the Commissioners of Woods and its minimum. The planet will be a most beau- regular and determinate species of curve. No Forests. The number of members on the books tiful object, forming the vertex of an isosceles modification of the exponent of the order

of the was stated to exceed 800; and the Secretary triangle

with Castor and Pollux, and about parabola was adequate to express the relation of announced, that since the commencement

of four degrees distant from Saturn; when ex- the co-ordinates with sufficient accuracy in all the meeting, several additional names of candi- amined through a telescope, it will appear as

He found, however, after many trials, dates had been proposed': among them, those the moon when in quadrature, or as a half that the following formula,'which is that of the of the Duke of Wellington and the Earl of moon; the disc subtending an angle of 24 sec: common hyperbola, gave a very near approxiHarrowby. The report concluded, by recom

30th day.-- Mars stationary near a small mation in all practical cases, namely, mending to the meeting a series of regulations, star in the right arm of Sagittarius.

Ax2 + Bx=y? by which the amusements and advantages of Eclipses of the Satellites of Jupiter. The accurate determination of the elastic the establishment might be opened to the pub.

First satellite

curve is a subject of some importance in praclic at a fixed price of admission, during certain

tical mechanics ; since the rules at present days of the week ; and at the same time the

used by mathematicians and engineers for deprivileges of the members be secured as far as

termining the modulus of elasticity of different may be consistent with the interests of the So- Second satellite

materials, are founded upon the parabolic ciety. The report, which seemed to give uni.

theory, and must therefore be liable to error.

27 versal satisfaction, was unanimously confirmed. The meeting then proceeded to the election

9th day, 14 hrs. Saturn in conjunction with (Having a fortnight ago given an epitome of the most pro of the council and officers for the ensuing year,

minent paper of the season, our task now is to bring up Geminorum.

the general agenda of the Society with an account of when the following members were elected : viz.

6th day._Uranus stationary in Capricornus. the Papers read since the Anniversary Meeting on the

Several of the constellations that are invisible 30th Nor.) Marquess of Lansdowne (President) ; Duke of Somerset, V.P.; Earl of Darnley, V.P., Earl of Egremont, V.P.: during the winter season, and now pass the Dec. 6, 1827. On the Corrections in the EleEarl of Mountcharles, M.P.; Viscount Gage: Lord Auck: meridian shortly after midnight, contain rements of Delambre’s Solar Tables, required Bart.: Sir R. R. Vyvyan, Bart.; Hon. Geo. Agar Ellis, markable combinations of stars, and also ne- by the Observations made at the Royal ObserM.P. Edward Barnard, Esq. J. E. Bicheno, Esq. bulæ ; of the former there are five double stars vatory, Greenwich. By G. B. Airy, Esq. H. T. Colebrooke, Esq.; Rex. Dr. Goodenough. Thomas and one triple star in Sagittarius; six double M. A. Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at (Treasurer): Simon Taylor, Esq., N. A. Vigors, Esq. in Serpens ; four double and one triple in Cambridge. Communicated by Mr. Herschell. (Secretary) ; C. Baring Wall, Esq. M.P.V.P.

Capricornus ; near Antares, the bright star, in 13. On the Measurement of High TemperaIt is expected that the Gardens will be open- Scorpio, is a cluster of small stars, and a fine tures. By James Princep, Esq. Assay Master ed to the public about the 15th inst.

nebula : this part of the heavens is thronged Iof the Mint at Benares. Communicated by

cases.

D. H. M.
6 14 26 54
8 8 55 30
15 10 49 48
22 12 44 12
31 9 7 16
2 12 9 4
9 14 43 48

9 11 58

ROYAL ACADEMY.

Dr. Roget...On Alimentary Substances. By Rose Hill, had placed a gold medal at the dis- performance. On one side of this is a very Sir G. S. Gibbs, M.D, F.R.S.

posal of the managers of the Royal Institution, pleasing family subject, by Mr. Philipps ; and 20. Researches to discover the Faculties of to be given every two years, as a reward for on the other, a brilliant and highly finished Pulmonary Absorption with respect to Char. chemical discoveries,

picture by Sir William Beechey, a portrait, we coal. By G. Pearson, M.D. F.R.S. A Cata- Mr. Brande read to the meeting a memoir believe, of a young lady of fashion, represented logue of Nebulæ and Clusters of Stars in the on the Progress of Chemical Science during as Flora dispensing her gifts. We regret we Southern Hemisphere, observed at Paramatta the last year.

have not time to enumerate all the works of in New South Wales. By James Dunlop, Esq. The thanks of the meeting were then voted merit which still remain to be noticed in this in a letter addressed to 'Sir Thomas N. Bris. to the Duke of Somerset, to Mr. Daniell, and room ; but we must not omit a large picture of bane, Bart. Communicated by Mr. Herschell. to Mr. Fuller, for the interest they had taken Mr. Etty, placed conspicuously on the side which

Jan. 10, 1828. On the Life of Plants and in promoting the prosperity of the Institution ; we have just been describing ; and another, on Animals. By Sir G. Gibbs, M.D. F.R.S.- and it was mentioned, that the measure of a smaller scale, by Mr. Hilton, both of which Observations on the Comparative Magnetic establishing a distinct Medical and Scientific are highly creditable to the talents of the artists; Intensity shewn by a Horizontal Needle at the Library had been promoted by the liberal do- and we should be glad to find pictures in these Bottom and on the Tops of Mountains at Port nation of nearly 200 volumes of valuable medi. branches of the art more frequently introduced Bowen and Spitzbergen. By Captain Henry cal works by Dr, Whitlock Nicholl.

among the portraits at Somerset House. Foster, R.N. F.R.S.

Among the many clever small paintings in 17. On Capt. Parry's and Lieut. Foster's

the great room, we must notice one between

FINE ARTS. Experiments on the Velocity of Sounds. By

the doors, of very considerable merit, hy Mr. Dr. G. Moll, Professor of Natural Philosophy

Reinagle, the interest of which is much ena in the University of Utrecht. Communicated YESTERDAY was the day appointed for the hanced by the portrait of its possessor, who by Captain Henry Kater, V.P.R.S.-An Ac- private view of the pictures and other works of took a most decided and manly part in those count of a series of Experiments, made with art at Somerset House ; and we are happy to disturbances which a few years ago so seri. a view to the Construction of an Achromatic find that the collection of the present year is ously alarmed all the well-disposed inhabitants Telescope with a Auid concave lens, instead highly creditable to the Royal Academy. of manufacturing districts. The centre of this of the usual lens of flint glass. In a letter The central place at the head of the great is occupied by a clever picture by Mr. Pickers. addressed to the President. By P. Barlow, room is occupied by a whole-length portrait of gill, and to its right (near the door of the back Esq. F.R.S.

H. R. H. the Duke of Sussex in the coronation room), is a very beautiful-toned fancy compo. 24. On the Structure and Use of the Capsulæ robes, painted in Mr. Philipps' best manner; sition (a half-length of a gleaner), by Sir Wil. Renales. By Sir Everard Home, Bt. V.P.R.S. and on either side are two very successful whole- liam Beechey, which attracted a great deal of Abstract of a Meteorological Journal kept length pictures of Lord Grantham and the Mar- attention. at Benares in the years 1824, 25, and 26; chioness of Aylesbury, from the pencil of Sir

In the School of Painting there are a few with remarks. By James Prinsep, Esq. Com W. Beechey. The intermediate spaces are pictures by most of the academicians, and among municated by Dr. Roget. --- Description of a Per. filled with half-length portraits; that on the them a very forcible and striking portrait (we cussion Rifle, igniting by a spring instead of left of the duke (to the right of the spectators), must call it so,) of a white horse, the size of a lock. By Lieut.-Col. Miller, F.R.S.

a richly coloured picture by Sir Thomas Law-life, by Mr. Ward, which would do honour to 31.

Feb. 7. An account of Trigonometrical rence ; and the corresponding place to the right any age or school. We have here also some Operations in the years 1821, 22, and 23, for of his royal highness, by a light and interesting beautiful pictures by Landseer ; some remarka determining the Difference of Longitude be- portrait by Jackson. Immediately under the ably clever landscapes and works of fancy; and tween the Royal Observatories of Paris and Duke of Sussex is a very brilliant and powerful in the centre, opposite the doors of the staircase, Greenwich. By Capt. Henry Kater, V.P.R.S. landscape by Turner, and on the same level a most splendid and powerful production by

14, On the Mode in which the Nerves be- are two beautiful little pictures by Collins, Danby, from the Revelations. longing to the Organs of Sense terminate. By which we are certain will gain him considera

In the ante-room, also, there are some partie Sir E. Home, Bart. V.P.R.S.--Experiments able credit. The lower range is, as usual, de- cularly clerer landscapes, and other pieces of on Heated Iron, in reference to the Magnetic voted to heads, which we are sorry our time interest. A fine portrait of the late chancellor, and Electric Fluids. By William Ritchie, Esq. and limits will not allow us to notice as they Lord Eldon, by Sir Thomas Lawrence ; an ada A.M. Rector of the Royal Academy of Tain. deserve; and we leave them for a future occa- mirable likeness of Sir William Beechey, very Communicated by Captain Sabine.

sion. In the angles, however, are two very in- successfully painted by his son, Mr. George 21-28. Account of the Accident to the teresting and highly coloured works by Jones. Beechey, whom we are glad to find treading in packet-ship the New York, from lightning. In the centre of the room, on the east side the steps of his father. Another portrait by this By Stewart Trail , M.D. of Liverpool. Com- (opposite the doors), is a striking whole-length young artist

, of his brother, Captain Beechey, municated by Henry Brougham, Esq. M.P. portrait of Lady Londonderry and

her son, by hangs in the room where the miniatures are F.R.S.

Sir T. Lawrence ; supported by two excellent placed rather far, we are sorry to say, from March 6_13. On the Development of Crystal- half-length portraits of Mrs. Vernon and the the eye. The public will be highly gratified lisation in Trap. By Samuel Solly, Esq. F.R.S. Bishop of Bath and Wells, by Mr. Jackson and with the collection of miniatures, enamels, and 20. On the Phenomena of Volcanoes. By Sir William Beechey. Beyond these, on either drawings,

which this year's Exhibition prea Sir Humphrey Davy, Bart. F.R.S.

side, are two fine whole-lengths by Sir T. Law- sents_it is numerous and beautiful. But we 27. On the Height of the Aurora Borealis rence and Mr. Philipps; that by Sir Thomas, have no time to enumerate particulars, nor, above the Surface of the Earth, and particu- a very powerful and

highly coloured portrait of indeed, to say more on the subjeet, til dext Jarly of one seen on the 29th of March, 1826. Lady Gower and

her infant son ; and the other, Saturday. By Jobn Dalton, F.R.S.

a fine deep-toned picture of the Duke of Nor-
thumberland in the robes of the Garter. Close SOCIETY OF PAINTERS IN WATER COLOURS:

to the latter, beneath the portrait of Lady Cas- No. 89. Glacier of Brenvam in the distance, The annual meeting of the members of this tlereagh, is a spirited and highly finished pic- Mont Blanc. W. Nesfield. The home-keepInstitution took place on Thursday last, when ture by Cooper, representing a combat between ing individual, whose excursions seldom ex. the following officers were elected for the en. Richard Caur-de-Lion and Saladin ; and about tend beyond a few miles from the metropolis, suing year :

it, some beautiful little pictures by Ward, and even those who are enabled to visit our The Duke of Somerset, President ; Sir Scrope B. Mor- Reinagle, Mulready, &c., painted in their most own lakes and mountains, ought to feel much land, Bart. Treasurer: E. R. Daniell, Esq. Secretary successful manners. Two very fine pictures of indebted to the artist who brings under their Managers-c. Barclay, Esq. M.P.; B. B. Cabbell, Esq. : Turner are placed on this side of the room ; notice scenes of such surpassing grandeur as J. L. Goldsmid, Esq.Joseph Jekyll, jun. Esq.; George and on the same level, some very excellent the Glacier of Brenva. In contemplating the Moore, Esq; R. J. Murchison, Esq. ; Whitlock heads, among which is an admirable likeness of performance as a work of art, we greatly ad. Nicholl, M.D. ; W. H. Pepys, Esq., c. Pilgrim, jun. the late respected keeper, Mr. Thomson, from mire the skill of Mr. Nestield in giving only a Esq.; Captain Edward Sabíne, Sec. R.S.; Sir Claude Scott, Bart. ; William Somerville, M.D.; Edward Ster- the pencil of Mr. Shee.

partial view of this stupendous work of nature. ling, Esq.

The centre of the bottom of the room is Thus judiciously limited, while the eye looks The visitor's report was received, which occupied by a striking portrait by Mr. Shee. on, the imagination looks out, and apprehends a gave a most favourable view of the improving The effect of this picture is broad and simple; world of wonders above, beneath, and around. state of the establishment, stating that eighty- the figure has an easy and gentleman-like ac, No. 94. A Study from Nature, of an Old eight new members were elected last year; tion, and the caresul finish employed in every Man who sailed with Captain Cook on his and also announcing that John Fuller, Esq. of part adds materially to the interest of the First Voyage. W. Hunt. The style of arte

ROYAL INSTITUTION.

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