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them with the skin in salt and water," are the he thus describes. He was “ named by the slight remaining credit to a desire of opposing words of Louis Eustache Ude, ci-devant Cook natives · Don Justo,' and who, for some un- the government, which has long endeavoured to Louis XVI. and the Earl of Sefton. If|known reason, has not worn clothing or siept to put it down. Of this saint, who was once “lightly peeled,” as recommended by the Right under a roof for many years. Round his waist worshipped in Mexico, and in fact all over the Hon. Baronet, what are the consequences ?- he was girded by a kind of kilt, composed of country, history has told us but little in his the potatoes become insipid, from the absorp- many hundred little strips of rags strung and published legend. Where he was born or tion of the water, and lose their flavour. Does matted into a thick mass. From his left reared, no one appears either to know or care: the Irish peasant, whose food entirely consists shoulder, and crossing to his right side, he it is only certain that he resided on the banks of potatoes, peel them before boiling ? The bore, in the manner of a knight's riband, an of some river called Tamaga, over which he answer is, certainly not. Experience has intinite number of little coils and bunches of built a bridge, and all who were unable to pay taught him even to select a potato whose skin small rope and twine tied and twisted toge- the toll-money were obliged to dance across it. is unbroken in the boiling, as superior in fla. ther; and round his ancles were hung quan. The first miracle of this righteous man was vour to that termed “ a laughing one." But tities of little straps and pieces of leather, in worked in order to prove the force of excomSir John states, that “ the black and unwhole- such a manner as to cover his feet entirely munication ; for having performed this ceresome liquor with which potatoes are naturally beneath two bunches resembling mops. The mony over a loaf of bread, it became negro impregnated resides much in the skin;" and rest of his person was completely naked. This como un carbon' (as black as a coal). The adds, that " it is, therefore, much better to get singular man possessed an intelligent physiog- pious liberality of the saint for his neighbour rid of that portion of it before the boiling com- nomy, was quiet and unobtrusive in his man- was ample. He was wont to go to the river's mences.” This black liquor being unwhole. ners, perfectly rational in conversation, and side, and calling the fishes, he supplied all the some, we hold has not been sufficiently proved ; never begged, although he would receive, in poor from those which flocked to his hands ; and we refer Sir John to his own Appendix, charity, whatever his few wants required. after which, the others were set at liberty. No. 18, p. 21; where potatoes are recommended The eneral idea respecting his continuance He struck a rock, a rivulet of very savoury as a specific against the scurvy, and even as a in this miserable state is, that in consequence wine' gushed forth; and touching another, cure for that disorder after it has been caught. of some disappointment in love he had bound there issued from it a stream of crystalline “ As roasted potatoes are the most effectual, himself by a vow to his present wretched life.” water,' — which last remains to this day. the remedy probably greatly depends on some “ Returning from Belén, we stopped for a There are other wonders to be related of San of the substances contained in the black liquid time at the chapel of San Gonzalo de Ama- Gonzalo; but I shall have said enough of him which they contain, and which remains in the rante, better known by the name of El Bay- when I mention that, by forty days' fasting potato when roasted or baked.”

lador (the dancer). Here I was so fortunate and flagellation, he was translated, after a life And, further, in answer to Sir John's note, as to find three old women praying rapidly, of unblemished chastity, from this world into stating that “ the water in which potatoes are and at the same time very seriously dancing heaven.” boiled cannot be safely given to stock ;": -we before the image of the saint, who is cele- At Cipimco, “ looking out of my window, know that cattle will refuse to drink it; but we brated for his miraculous cures of " frios y I was witness to an infantine amusement are inclined to attribute this rather to some other calenturas' (colds and agues). These grave which would rather startle English mothers cause than to its pernicious quality. It is, we and venerable personages, who were perspiring and nurses. A party of little children were believe, a fact too well known to admit of dis- most profusely at every pore, had selected for diverting themselves with a large rattle-snake, cussion, that the pigs of the Irish peasantry are their figure that so well known in the country which in all its vigour was tied by the middle fed almost entirely upon potato-skins. as the Guajolote,' or turkey dance, from its to the lash of a small whip, while the de

Having made these exceptions to Sir John resemblance in dignity and grace to the ena- lighted urchins were teasing it with pieces of Sinclair's statements, we have the more agree- moured curvettings of those important birds : stick, which they presented to be bitten. able task of warmly recommending his pam- and ever and anon these faithful votaries mur- Being a novice to this species of fun, and not phlet, not only to all cultivators of the soil, but mured forth the following invocation, in a liking the angry rattles or savage springs of to the public generally, as advocating an im- mingled tone of singing and moaning: the reptile, I asked the merry little group to portant national measure.

• San Gonzalo de Amarante,

kill it; but my proposition was in vain, and Que sacas pescado del mar;

they ran off to enjoy their dangerous plaything

Saca me de este cuidado,
Lyon's Mexico.

Que ya te vengo baylar.

uninterrupted." Chorus.--(moans)---Ahhum! um! um! oh! oh,' &c.* The following extract gives a curious account (Fifth Notice.) We continue our sketches of character from

Which ended, they began pirouetting with of the South American trade in dollars.
renewed energy.
It must be very evident,

Amongst my other duties I attended at the this agreeable work.

that all this dancing, although it draws not custom-house at Tamaulipas to pass ten thou. At Zacatecas (a mining place), Captain L. down a miracle, must go far towards curing sand dollars which we had brought with us; says: “ We paid a visit of ceremony to his the devotee, who is probably a rheumatic ner- but learnt with astonishment that no money Excellency General Lobato, some short time vous old woman, unaccustomed to exercise, coined abroad could be landed ! Dollars of since a very respectable cobbler a Jalapa, and and in consequence stiff and suffering in all every part of Southern America are probibited, now commander - in-chief of the Free and her joints. Inspired by faith, the votary or at all events considered as not proper to be Sovereign State of Zacatecas. He was unwell performs that which no other power could introduced ; and even the Spanish pillar-dollar and confined to his room; but we were re-induce her to andertake, and dances unceas- is objected to. Our agent and myself were received by his lady, a thin, talkative, little ingly during six or eight hours, until every quired to enter into a bond relative to this woman, who abused both miners and mining joint recovers its elasticity. The interposi. money, “ that if at any future period the goin most unqualified terms; and by her sister, tion, or rather the individual power of the vernment should impose a duty on the importa, a large, greasy, half-dressed maiden, with saint, (for saints in Mexico in most instances tion of dollars, we should be liable to pay it.' black moustachios and nut-brown teeth. The take precedence of the Divinity), is most fully In consequence, however, of this singular

clause, ladies sat huddled up in a corner, smoking ; established. He receives as an offering of gra- we entered the money as landed for ex portaand the tiled floor, on which reposed an im- titude, a wax leg, arm, or some other part of tion, sold it to advantage, and it was mense dog and her puppies, was strewed with the body in miniature, which is hung with embarked by the purchaser without paying the extinguished cigars and their ashes, cabbage and hundreds of others to an extensive frame-work three per cent exportation duty, which would lettuce leaves, and other filth which had fallen on one side of the chapel ; while the opposite otherwise have been due to the state.” from five bird-cages hung along the centre of the wall is covered with small oil-coloured and

Of the fine arts, the notices are very scanty ; Two unshaven and unwashed cavaliers detached paintings of the miracles performed and as the author is not only an amateur, but were paying their morning compliments to on those who could thus afford to testify their an able practical hand, we may take it for la Generala ; and the whole scene was such, devotion. In front of the figurantes a num- granted, that his not mentioning them more that I retired from it with no very favourable ber of other women were kneeling with

sick frequently has arisen from their non-existence. ideas of the beau monde at Zacatecas. Having children, or praying on their own account:

In the Colegio of Our Lady of Guadalupe, howmade equally gratifying visits to one or two but the whole of this idolatrous farce is now ever, he says :other of the most distinguished families, we going out of repute, and I believe owes its

“ 'The Colegio, which is large, is profusely rode home in the rain, which now fell regu

ornamented with very ill-executed paintings, larly every day at about two or three o'clock •« San Gonzalo de Amarante,

chiefly relating to the life of San Francisco, in the afternoon."

who in power and miracles very far exceeded Among the Guichola Indians, Captain L.

Relieve me from these my distresses encountered a very singular character, whom

Which bring me thus dancing to thee.

the Saviour, the latter being actually represented attending him as a menial servant. One

re.

room.

Who can wile the fish out of the sea;

Chorus-Oh! 0

-h! &c."

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Paris, March 28.

picture particularly amused me, as the best | cipally a collection of little poems, scattered | France. Literature and the arts are not for specimen of the Fuseli school I ever saw. It through various periodicals, the present volume gotten by the schemers :-one company prorepresents the Jewish council debating upon claims the praise we have ever given to Mrs. mises to bring out the works of authors who the proposed seizure of our Saviour. They are Cornwell Baron Wilson's productions—of much cannot find either printer or publisher : and a grave and venerable party, but each has, poetical taste, and kindly and cultivated feel- another to bring forward the projects of inperched either on his head or shoulders, a devil, ings.

ventors, and introduce all new foreign invenwho is whispering his wicked thoughts. All Tales and Sketches. By Jacob Ruddiman, M.A. have been still-born.

tions into France. All these projects, however, these imps, however, are painted with the most laughably roguish snouts and eyes, and the

of Mareschal College, Aberdeen. Edinburgh,

France is at the present moment governed oddest claws and tails imaginable ; while the

J. Anderson; London, Simpkin and Mar-
shall.

by the edicts of Louis XIV., the laws of the elders, perfectly unconscious of their strange SKETCHES like those from the Portfolio of Revolution, the decrees of the Empire, and the

charter of Louis XVIII. The charter, the each other. The church and chapels have an Amateur, laid in picturesque scenes, often nothing remarkable, except one very highly es- that is striking: still there is quite enough it does not embrace the thousandth part of a graceful, with much that is pretty, but little mere skeleton of a constitution, abrogated all

anterior laws which are contrary to it; but as teemed show, where Joseph and Mary, in gor, in these pages to pass a summer morning's complete system of legislation, wherever the geous apparel, are kneeling near a wilderness of gold tinsel wire ; while around them are a conidlesse pleasantly.

charter does not apply a remedy, the tribunal fused variety of little images, not a twentieth Engraved Illustrations of Ancient Arms and choose one, the most consonant

to the principles part of their size. Amongst the multitude is

Armour ; after the Drawings, and with the they wish to adopt, from Louis XIV. XV. XVI. one female Chinese figure, with the usual dead white face and long eyes, and another Chinese

Descriptions, of Dr. Meyrick. By Joseph the Revolution, or Buonaparte; and as there
Skelton, F.S.A. Part XI.

are about 3000 judges in France, it may easily woman bearing a child made of soap-stone. Tus Part completes the second volume. We be conceived what a vast field this practice opens The most grotesque, however, is a little drunken are happy to say that the work is proceeding for contradictory

decisions ! Nobranch of indusDutch farmer, in leathern

breeches and a red with unimpaired excellence. One of the most try has felt this more than the bookselling busiwaistcoat, who is placed very properly in the beautiful plates is that of " The Pikeman's ness. Wherever thegovernment wishes to punish foreground, to prevent the scandal his company Armour.” would throw on the other idols. One eye is Meyrick observes,“

“ In the time of Charles I.,” Dr. a not over-loyal bookseller, it finds a ready means

great reliance was placed in the dusty tomes of preceding legislations. open, and its fellow is closed, with an air of on the pikeman, whose formidable weapon was We have seen one man condemned on an edict slyness and roguery which gives a most comical eighteen feet in length; for Ward, in his of Louis XIV. in 1723; another on the constiexpression to his tipsy face. This is, perhaps, Ånimadversions of Warre," lib. ii. p.'90, edit. tution of 1791 ; and others, again...and those the first

Dutch saint which has ever been wor- 1639, says, so long as the pikes stand firme, by far the most numerous on the paternal shiped in Mexico.”

although the shot should be routed, yet it can- decrees of the empire. No literary property At Zacatecas “the churches are large and not be said the field is won; for the whole was safe under these conflicting doctrines ; and very well built, and the Parroquia (the parish strength of an army consists in the pikes.' ”

a bookseller in prosperity to-day, found himchurch) is certainly a noble edifice.' Its front

self ruined on the morrow, from being intera is superbly ornamented, and entirely covered

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE.

dicted the exercise of his trade. Political with rich carving in stone; the architecture of

vengeance against a deceased printer has been wonders of Zacatecas, being entirely of silver, works, immediately after their appearance at and on the hardship of the case being urgel the belfry is beautiful. Its font is one of the Tue republication at Brussels of new French carried so far as to refuse permission to the and weighing 3793 ounces. The execution, Paris, and their fraudulent introduction into however, is greatly inferior to the material. France to the great loss of the original pub.

the king's attorney defended the measure hy * This baptismal font was presented on the 20th lishers has determined the principal book- the strange argument, that a surgeon, a physi. of November, 1800, by Doña Maria Anna de la sellers and publishers of Paris to establish a exercise the profession of the husband ! Campalos, Countess of San Matteo Valparaiso, French and Foreign Library at Brussels ; to in remembrance of her having received the which a number of copies are to be sent of all

This frightful anomaly we are happy to find waters of holy baptism in this church; under new works, so as to appear on the same day at of the interior, admits the incongruity of the

is about to cease. M. Martignac, the minister the condition, that if any other shou a better font, this shall be removed to the believe, of the celebrated Madame Campan) is present legislation on the subject of literature, church of Sombrerete. The weight of this font at the head of the Brussels house. This mea- and has promised to propose a law to embody a is 474 marcos and one ounce.' The above is sure will be a fatal blow to the presses of the

whole code of doctrine. engraved round the margin of this ornamental low countries, though it will not prevent them,

We stated in a recent letter, that foreigners * Pila,' which stands in a small room tawdrily if they please, from issuing other editions were not allowed to be arbitrators. A new depainted in fresco, and bearing on its walls a The Paris publishers who have formed this cision of the tribunal permits them to execute variety of most extraordinary verses in a dog- enterprise, are Aimé André, Bachelier, Fir- the task when both parties are agreed; but gerel style, which I am not sufficiently skilful to min Didot and Sons, Galignani, Hector Bos- either can object to the admission of a foreigner, translate.”

and his objection is held legal.
sange, Janet and Catelle, Lévrault, Rénouard,
Sautelet and Co., and Treuttel and Würtz."
The mania of joint stock companies, so ruin-

Paris, April 12. The Gentleman Cit: Translation of Molière's ous in England, seems to gain ground in France. Systems are now à-la-mode ; at least, there

Bourgeois Gentilhomme. London, 1828. One man, who could not raise money to pay is a concurrence among wise heads to cure T. and G. Underwood.

the printing of a prospectus, announced himself what seem incurable— the evils of society. A CHEAP copy, and a rather literal translation as founder of a company for the cultivation of A very clever, well-written volume, exposing of Molière's comedy. The difficulty of render- lands and building towns in Kentucky: the the leading principles of Mr. Owen's system, ing one language by another is curiously il capital was to be L500,000, of which he was to has lately been put forth by a French barrister Instrated by the very title of this play, which be the director. Another proposed a similar a M. Roy), which is likely to attract the pubis not translateable into English without much establishment at Buenos Ayres, with a capital lic. The plan of mutual co-operation and periphrase and explanation. The Bourgeois of £240,000. A third proposed to bring into community of property has already powerful Gentilhomme is certainly not The Gentleman cultivation five million acres of the Landes of partisans, who are very active in endeaCit. In the construction of his sentences Bourdeaux, composed of moving sand, from six vouring to form a society having for its throughout, the translator, though he has to sixty feet deep. A fourth undertook no less object the diffusion of those benevolent pringiven us the sense of his original, has adhered than the cultivation of all the waste lands in ciples. In some literary circles they speak also too closely to the foreign idiom for elegance of

of a work, shortly to be published, proposing style.

* Our Correspondent, in justly reprobating the conduct to embrace a very wide field of social ameliora

a w hit better, if we may judge of their piratical editions of tion, the basis of which plan is industrial atThe Cypress Wreath. By Mrs. Cornwell Baron English

works, and printing them at low prices, to be traction by groups, the rapid acquisition of Wilson. 12mo. pp. 159. London, 1828. smuggled into England, Now, indeed, when an injury riches, and the enjoyment secured to each indi. Smith, Elder, and Co.

the wrong, and associate to curb it; but they had hitherto vidual of the fruits of his labours. This work We have really had quite a poetical overflow considered it quite fair to publish such productions as is profound and scientific, and not likely therelately; but, amid the influx of new comers, we Bernstige prices the bed tereymi helish terefhreichis fore to catch, still less convince, the ignorant must not forget an old acquaintance. Prin- I London. Ed. L. G.

fof the immense treasure of happiness the aua

SIGHTS OF BOOKS.

ASSASSINATION OF MAJOR LAING AND

thor projects for rich, poor, savages, sages, and either read in the countenance the intention of visit. This double perfidy of the African children. Increase of wealth, however, is the the pretended petitioner, or felt the attraction prince, by whom these sanguinary acts have best bait to hold out to man, as gold, and gold of the hidden poniard, which was found in the been either ordered or permitted, and that alone, is the idol of worship, the secret spring sleeve of this nameless man of honour. He after_having shewn so much attachment to of every action, the regulator of principle, and, was at the time thrown into prison, but now is the English, appears to have been simply I might almost add, of feeling. If, therefore, greeted and smiled on by the fawning crowd. owing to the distrust created in his mind by the author is sufficiently clever to convince his M. de Lamartine, one of the most harmo- certain individuals, who represented our unreaders that there are personal advantages to nious of the French poets, like Lord Byron, fortunate countrymen as spies sent for the be gained, success must attend his efforts to has chosen Italy for his residence, and sends purpose of ascertaining the best means of faraise mankind above a degraded state of want. only the tones of his lyre to his countrymen, cilitating the conquest of his country. His doctrine is, “ make men happy, and you who reproach him for having abandoned his make them good."

native soil. He has totally renounced diploma- FERNANDO Po.-The latest accounts of Many celebrated pens are actively employed at tic affairs.

this new colony continue to give the most this moment. M. St. Beuve has just sent to press

satisfactory assurances of its prosperous com“ l'Histoire de la Poésie Française de la Seizi.

ARTS AND SCIENCES.

mencement. More mechanics had gone from ème Siècle,” and that of the “ Théâtre Français

Sierra Leone to join Captain Owen; and the jusqu'à Racine.” This writer is familiar with

natives continued peaceable and friendly. the ensemble of French literature before Louis

CAPTAIN CLAPPERTON. the fourteenth, and possesses qualities rarely It is with great concern we state that there

SCIENTIFIC VOYAGE, BY CAPTAIN FOSTER, united, being a good poet, a literary critic, is no longer any doubt with respect to the

TOWARDS THE SOUTH POLE. observing a scrupulous adherence to truth, and fate of these enterprising, persevering, but unexcelling in that finesse of style in which fortunate travellers. They have both been The exertions of government to forward historians are too often deficient. M. Alfred murdered. The Pasha of Tripoli has received objects of science demand the warmest acde Vigny, author of the “ Conjuration du Cinq- letters from one of his officers in the interior knowledgments from those interested in its Mars," is also about to publish a roman histo- of Africa, communicating the painful intel. advancement. In noticing the various scienrique, in which the different personages act a ligence.

tific expeditions which have within the last part in the French expedition to Egypt. M. de It appears that Major Laing was severely ten years been so frequently undertaken by Vigny has often been severely criticised by the wounded by robbers in the territory of Toualt

. this country, we have had the honest satisliterary lawgivers.

Having, however, recovered, in consequence of faction of commending no less the spirit in Much is said and expected of a work written the kind attention of a marabout, or priest, he which these inquiries originated, than the zeal by M. Scheffer (of Dutch origin), celebrated for at length succeeded in reaching Timbuctoo. and perseverance displayed by the individuals many historical publications, in which l'esprit But he had scarcely arrived, before the Fou- to whom their conduct was intrusted. It is de parti threw an unfavourable shade over real lahs, that powerful and warlike horde which at the same encouragement of research in the

therefore with additional pleasure, as it evinces talent. He is now on the point of giving to present reigns exclusively over the immense the public “ l'Histoire du Pape Grégoire VII." deserts of central Africa, came, to the num- naval department, under a new and royal head, On dit that it contains views of high importance ber of thirty thousand, and demanded that, that we have to record another voyage, perbaps as to the organisation of the powers of the Major Laing should be delivered up to them,' more purely of a scientific character than any

of the former. church, such as that pope had conceived and that they might put him to death ; " and partly executed: but this production, I prethus," as they observed, “

The conduct of the voyage to which we

prevent Christian sume, can only interest the ecclesiastical part of nations from receiving such information as ficer who accompanied Captain Parry in his

allude, is intrusted to Captain Foster, an ofsociety. Many gentlemen called philosophers might enable them, at some future period, to are also mending

their pens; whether with the penetrate into, and enslave, the countries of last voyage ; but not in his boat excursion tointention of making money or advancing know. Africa.". Before the arrival of the Foulahs, wards the North Pole, having remained with ledge, remains to be discovered ;-but, as yet, twenty-four chiefs, among whom was a female the ship on the coast of Spitzbergen engaged

in a series of pendulum experiments. These with all the torrents of light in which they called Nana.Beira (Princess-Mother), com. say this age abounds, we poor unscientific be- manded simultaneously in Timbuctoo. One experiments were, we believe, suggested to the ings are as much in the dark as ever with of these chiefs, of the name of Othman-Vould. Royal Society by Captain Kater; and, when regard to the subject which most interests us. Quaïd-Aboubekhr, had received Major Laing sufficiently numerous, are expected to lead to Fair promises are, however, held out to us by into his house, on the recommendation of the of the true figure of the earth, and the variasome reputed wise men, to prove, by the science Sheik Il. Mokhtar, with whom he had taken of analogy and attraction, our links, not only refuge after having escaped the daggers of the tion of the law of gravity at different points with the whole vegetable and animal creation, Hangars. When the Foulahs presented thein. which, although they have been detailed to us but with other worlds ; so that the doctrine of selves before Timbuctoo, and demanded Major annihilation, which is too much the reigning Laing's head, his host, Othman-Vould-Quaid- at considerable length, we hope our readers principle amongst English and French, will be Aboubekhr, contrived his escape at night,

es continuation of the pendulum experiments in set aside.

corted by several servants, who were supposed various parts of the globe, near the equator, Magnetism here is gaining ground rapid

to be trustworthy. It unfortunately hap- in high southern latitudes, and as near as ly. Å learned man, who has studied it

, pened, however, that one of them, of the name pretends that no one who has not previously of Rehhal, had been bribed by the Foulahs ; possible to the antipodes of London, is, howinhabited this globe can be magnetised. This and this fellow not only delivered Major Laing ever, necessary, before any, or at least satisputs me in mind of a German, who, though into their hands, but gave him the first of the factory, deductions can be formed from those Prfectly in his senses, speaks with all the stabs under which he fell. Every body knows already made ; and this continuation is the

main object of Captain Foster's voyage. froid imaginable of having already existed twice the praises which Denham and Clapperton, in this world. He pretends that he last figured in their Narrative published two years ago, various meetings on the subject of framing

The Council of the Royal Society have held at the siege of Troy, and was the friend of bestowed on the sultan Bello, the sovereign of directions for Captain Foster's proceedings, Achilles : though an illiterate man, yet, in relating the events of the Trojan war, he never

Laing, and Clapperton himself. It was a rela. at which some gentlemen, whose suggestions commits the slightest error; nor is he angry with who repaired to Timbuctoo, on the arrival of attended by invitation. Although we have

were considered as likely to prove useful, tion of the sultan Bello's, Ahhmed-Labbou, those who doubt his memory, or treat him as a dreamer. The French pretend that Napoleon Major Laing. After having accomplished his stated, that swinging the pendulum in various possessed the faculty of tact to a miraculous immediate object by the assassination of our parts of the globe is the main purpose of this degree; that he felt ere he touched ; and they brave friend, he destroyed the oligarchy in Tim- voyage, yet it is also intended to carry on give an instance of this which is remarkable buctoo, and established, as the sole

governor of which it is expected will tend to the advanceenough. A gentleman who now graces some of the beaux circles, and who is decorated with a bekhr, whom we have already mentioned. ment of our geographical knowledge, and the red riband, had, as they say, the intention of asPoor Clapperton was murdered at Sakatou,

improvement of navigation. sassinating the emperor. To effect his purpose, the ordinary residence of the sultan Bello;

Captain Foster has the command of his he put one arm into a sling, and presented with notwithstanding the kind reception which he Majesty's ship Chanticleer, all the officers apthe other a petition to Buonaparte. “ Seize

had experienced from the sultan on his first pointed to which, by the Admiralty, have been that man!” was the answer of Napoleon, who

selected on account of their scientific acquire. ments. One of the lieutenants, in particular,

sang

The inhabitants of Toualt.

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ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY.

three years.

COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS.

ROYAL SOCIETY.

served under Captain Franklin on his recent to have lost any of its oxygen. Nitre, thrown guineas per annum (independently of the 100
arduous expedition, and is a most accomplished upon the surface of the lava, did not produce guineas for the above medals) is, as our readers
draftsman. The Chanticleer will sail from such an increase of ignition as would have know, appropriated for their lives, and not by
England in the course of a few days for Ma- attended the presence of combustible matter. yearly election, to ten Royal Associates, who
deira, from whence she is to proceed to various The gas disengaged from the lava proved, on have each one hundred guineas a year, as a
points in the West Indies, and down the coast examination, to be common air. When the mark of their Monarch's sense of their labours
of South America to Cape Horn. Her ex- white vapours were condensed on a cold tin in the cause of learning and science. No
treme destination is the newly discovered plate, the deposit was found to consist of very vacancy has occurred in this body since their
group of the South Shetland Islands; but it pure common salt : and the vapours them- original election.
has been stated, that conditional instructions selves contained nine per cent of oxygen, the
have been given to Captain Foster to proceed rest being azote, without any notable propor.
from thence as far he can, without risk to his tion of carbonic acid or sulphureous acid gases; The Antiquarian Society has been in a fer-
ship, towards the South Pole, where, judging although the fumes of this latter gas were ex- ment for some time, through the efforts of a
from the account of Weddell, he is not likely ceedingly - pungent in the smoke from the party of reformers among its members. It is
to experience those obstructions which ren- crater of the volcano. On another occasion, probable that some things may be amended in
dered the attempt of Parry to reach the North the author examined the saline incrustations consequence of this stir; but we have strongly
Pole abortive. We are not aware whether on the rocks near the ancient bocca of Ve- to recommend moderation to our brethren in
Captain Foster has been directed to extend suvius, and found them to consist principally their proceedings. The meetings are now de-
his researches into the Pacific; but understand of common salt, with some chloride of iron, voted much to debating: a new era in the
that his absence from this country is limited to a little sulphate of soda, a still smaller quan: annals of the Society. The annual election, on
tity of sulphate or muriate of potassa, and a

Monday, will be a trial of strength.
minute portion of oxide of copper. In one
instance, in which the crystals had a purplish

FINE ARTS. Tuis learned body, following the good example tint, a trace of muriate of cobalt was detected. SOCIETY OF PAINTERS IN WATER COLOURS. of other public institutions, has begun a series From the observations made by the author, at To-day is the private view of this peculiarly of Evening Meetings, at which subjects of in- different

periods, he concludes that the dense national branch of our Fine Arts ; and, from a terest to science are discussed.

At the first, white smoke which rose in immense columns hasty glance at the Exhibition, we rejoice to on Monday, Sir H. Halford read a paper on from the stream of lava, and which reflected say, that it will not disappoint the highest ex. Tic Douloureux. The rooms, in the college, the morning and evening light of the purest pectations, formed upon the remembrance of were numerously attended by persons eminent tints of red and orange, was produced by the preceding years of excellence. Almost all the in various professions and literary pursuits.

salts which were sublimed with the steam ; old distinguished contributors are again before

it presented a striking contrast to the black us, with productions worthy of their names. LITERARY AND LEARNED.

smoke arising from the crater, which was Barrett, Cox, Cristall, have their usual (Having long felt, in common with the public, that the

loaded with earthy particles, and formed black charms; Dewint puts a mile of coast into a proceedings of our principal learned and scientific societies clouds, which in the night were highly square. inch of space ; Fielding, Gastineau, have been too little known, to disseminate the information luminous at the moment of the explosion. Harding, Havell, Lewis, Nash, Nesfield, J. of which they are so often the depositaries, in a manner The phenomena observed by the author af. Varley, W. Turner, Pugin, Stephanoff, Wild, and science, we have entered upon some arrangements to ford a sufficient refutation of all the an. Mackenzie, fully maintain their stations ; supply this deficiency, and if we cannot communicate all cient hypotheses, in which volcanic fires were Hill's animals are as true to nature as everthe intelligence we wish, it will at least be found, that the ascribed to such chemical causes as the com- and in one piece, of a deer, with a backful object, and can do so with some success. We com- bustion of mineral coal, or the action of sul- ground by Robson, the union is truly admi. mence this week with several examples.]

phur upon iron; and they are perfectly con- rable ; Hunt has several figures in common A PAPER on the Phenomena of Volcanoes, sistent with the supposition of their depending life, as replete with force, character, and colour, by Sir Humphry Davy, Bart. F.R.S., was read upon the oxidation of the metals of the earths as his promise of last season taught us to exat the meeting of the Royal Society, March on an extensive scale, in immense subterra- pect; Prout has a superb View of Venice, and 20th, 1828.

nean cavities, to which water or atmospheric other productions worthy of his pencil ; RobIn an article on the decomposition of the air may occasionally have access. The sub- son, several grand landscapes : and Wright, earths, published in the Philosophical Transac- terranean thunder, heard at great distances the Flitch of Bacon, a procession like Stothard's tions for 1812, the author offered it as a con- under Vesuvius prior to an eruption, indi. Canterbury Pilgrims, and the

66 Burning jecture, that the metals of the alkalies and cates the vast extent of these cavities ; and Shame,” another, which is no shame to him. earths might exist in the interior of the globe, the existence of a subterranean communica- Among artists, new to us, we particularly and on being exposed to the action of air and tion between the Solfatara and Vesuvius, is noticed a Mr. P. Williams, (now at Rome) water, give rise to volcanic fires, and to the established by the fact, that whenever the whose Italian domestic subjects are amazingly production of lavas, by the slow cooling of latter is in an active state, the former is com- sweet and pleasing. Our time and limits perwhich, basaltic, and other crystalline rocks, paratively tranquil. In confirmation of these mit us to say nothing more : we have given might subsequently be formed. Vesuvius, views, the author remarks, that almost all the the names almost alphabetically; and we have from local circumstances, presents particular volcanoes of considerable magnitude in the old only to add, that, for variety of subject, inadvantages for investigating the truth of this world are in the vicinity of the sea : and terest, and merit, this Exhibition is one of the hypothesis ; and of these the author availed in those where the sea is more distant, as in most gratifying that can be imagined. himself, during his residence at Naples, in the the volcanoes of South America, the water may months of December 1819, and of January and be supplied from great subterranean lakes ; for SOCIETY OF BRITISH ARTISTS, February 1820. A small eruption had taken Humboldt states that some of them throw up place a few days before he visited the moun- quantities of fish. The author acknowledges, No. 181. Peter Boats. C. Stanfield.Subtain, and a stream of lava was then flowing however, that the hypothesis of the nucleus jects of this class now form a large portion of with considerable activity from an aperture in of the globe being composed of matter liquefied every Exhibition. The interest which has the mountain a little below the crater, which by heat, offers a still more simple solution of been given to them, by the artists who have was throwing up showers of red-hot stones the phenomena of volcanic fires.

pursued this branch of the profession, has been every two or three minutes. On its issuing

the cause of rendering them great favourites from the mountain it was perfectly fluid, and

with the public. Like every thing else, hownearly white hot : its surface appeared to be at a meeting of the Council on Monday last, ever, the multiplication of their numbers must in violent

agitation, from the bursting of nu- the two royal golden medals, of the value of necessarily diminish, not their intrinsic, but merous bubbles, which emitted clouds of white fifty guineas each, given annually to individuals their relative, value. Pictures like this of the smoke. There was no appearance of more distinguished by the production of works emi.“ Peter Boats,” while they prove the high vivid ignition in the lava when it was exposed nent in literature, were adjudged to Crabbe degree of excellence already attained, ought to the air, nor did it glow with more intensity the poet, as the head of an original school of when it was raised and poured out by an composition, and to Archdeacon Coxe, as the called his own. iron ladle. A portion was thrown into a glass author of many volumes of great historical re-assigned to it on the crown lands, where the improve bottle, which was then closed with a ground search. His Majesty's splendid grant* of 1000 Charing Cross; and already

have members. voluntarily stopper ; and on examining the air in the

subscribed several thousand pounds towards the erection

• His Majesty has, however, done still more for this of a house for the Institution, which we have reason to bottle, some time afterwards, it was found not l Society, which may so emphatically and entirely be I believe will be erected forthwith.

SUFFOLK STREET.

ROYAL SOCIETY OF LITERATURE.

He has directed that a site shall be

to shew the young and aspiring painter the Baily, R.A., can hardly be said to have been of Brutus, will, of course, look for a splendid expediency of labouring even, if possible, to properly seen before. Occupying as it does composition, and they will not look in vain. surpass it, if he wish to secure for himself a a principal place in the apartment, the cha- It is of the same size, and covers the whole marked share of public encouragement. racter of beauty, grace, and sentiment, which end of the room at the Egyptian Hall. The

No. 241. Scene on the Lynn, Lynmouth, it so eminently possesses, becomes strikingly general form of the grouping approaches the Devon. F. R. Lee..In painting this beauti- conspicuous. We should rejoice to hear that pyramidal; the centre being occupied by Apful and romantic spot, Mr. Lee has exhibited Mr. Baily had been commissioned to execute pius Claudius and other Decemvirs on the the same talent which we have had occasion this fine composition in more durable mate- Tribune. On the right is the tragic scene to describe in noticing his pictures in other rials. The Susanna, by J. Hefferman, is in of Virginia slain by her father ; and on the Exhibitions. Chaste in his colouring, although every respect highly characteristic, and does left, agitated groups of Romans, in various lively and vigorous in his execution, Nature, great credit to the talents of the artist.- situations, as caused by fear, anger, &c. &c. in the sobriety of her charms, always appears Maria, by W. F. Woodington, though grace. The whole is treated in the noblest style of to be stamped on his canvass.

ful in form, and skilfully composed, is cer. art. The dead Virginia, the menacing parent, No. 66. “ Lisps with holy look his even- tainly not the Maria of Sterne. A pastoral the disorder of Appius and his colleagues, the ing prayer." R. Edmonstone.—The domestic nymph would have been a more appropriate terror of Claudius the accuser, the threatening character of this performance is well calculated title. And here we are compelled, with pain, aspects of Numitorius and Icilius, the fury of to excite the best feelings of our nature. The to observe, that to mutilate and injure works the populace in combat with the lictors, the ansophisticated actions of children are always of this class is a practice so common, that it apathy of the butcher whose knife has perdelightful; and the present subject has been cannot be considered otherwise than as na formed this bloody sacrifice, the agony of the rendered peculiarly interesting by the unaf- tionally disgraceful. Short as has been the nurse and female friends of the victim, and, fected simplicity which, notwithstanding its time since the opening of the Exhibition in indeed, the expression throughout, -- do the attractions of composition and colouring, per- Suffolk Street, it has sufficed to subject the utmost honour to M. Le Thiere, and place vades it.

figure of which we are speaking to this him, deservedly, in the foremost rank of the Nos. 458 and 461. English Characters. scandalous treatment. The lute and riband, French national school. G. R. Lewis.—These little spirited perform- though now restored, were broken off by some

NEW PUBLICATIONS. ances remind us of “ The Cries of London,” stupid and mischievous scoundrel. Does the which, at an early period of art in this coun- perpetrator of such an atrocity flatter himself The Pride of the Village. Designed and drawn try, were exceedingly popular subjects. The that he does not more richly deserve the

on stone by C. Childs. Engelmann. etchings of Paul Sandby, in particular, are tread-mill, Aogging, or some other infamous A FASCINATING and irresistible creature; and still sought after by amateur collectors. Mr. punishment, than many on whom it is in an exquisite specimen of the lithographic art. Lewis has rendered his specimens of English | flicted ? It is such conduct as this that characters very interesting, by the way in is pleaded in justification of those persons exquisitely beautiful design has been published

The Guardian Angel.–Under this title, an which he has treated them.

who exclude the public from seeing, gratui. by Air. Flint, from the hand of D. Morrison, No. 359. Approach to the Enchanted Castle tously, monuments, and other works of art, the modeller to the royal family. It is in a cirand Gardens of Armida.-(Vide Tasso.) W. for which the public purse has paid. In the cle of about three inches and a half in diameter, Haddock, jun. - Imaginary scenes of this present improved and improving state of the and represents two heads in profile ; the one a kind, described in the glowing language of inetropolis and its neighbourhood, it would be lovely human being—and the other the Guar, the poet, are admirably calculated to call forth exceedingly desirable, not only for the encou- dian Angel, with seraph wings, and a hand the talents of the painter. The present sub- ragement of art, but for the credit of the upon her breast. The countenances are purely ject is one that has frequently been treated :- country, that single statues or groups should | Grecian, and have a happy resemblance to each among others that we recollect, by Le Moine, be placed in our gardens, squares, and other other; the hair is luxuriant, and finely ar. a French artist, from whose picture a very places of public resort. The Regent's Park, ranged; the draperies slight, and admirably spirited print was published. Our young above all, would, among its plantations and transparent; the hands charmingly forined; English painter has shewn considerable skill elsewhere, afford situations suitable for such the clouds, rays, and other accessories, all in in the management and general effect of his a purpose. But where shall we find a gua- the best taste. It is, indeed, one of those chaste work. The height at which it is placed will rantee for their safety? Not, we regret to and touching performances which appeal, not not allow us to judge of its executive details. say, in that love and respect for the fine arts only to the eye, but to the heart ; and will, we

No. 312. The Oyster-Girl. F. Rowlston. which distinguish all nations calling them are sure, become the ornament of many a select As an effect of light, this performance may selves civilised, but our own. No; to secure boudoir. rank with the best of the celebrated Schalken's any such productions from either wanton or pictures, of a similar character.

malicious violence, they must be girt round No. 64. The Loiterer. R. Farrier.--Mr. with iron, or placed above the reach of vulgar A very striking likeness of this eminent per. Farrier's talents have placed him high in the insolence and folly. It is well known, that son has just been published by Mr. Kreeft. It rank of painters of doniestic and familiar life. even the noble statue in Hyde Park, although is the work of Mr. Voight, now pursuing his His characters are full of expression, his exe- made of a material which secured it from mu- studies at Rome, as we hear, with much discution is remarkably clear; and the number tilation, was subjected to every description of tinction; and is executed in gold, silver, and and finish of his works shew that his industry low and despicable indignity, until a near bronze. The medal is deeply cut, and repre. is unremitting. We fear, however, that, like approach to it was effectually prevented.--Re- sents the learned lord in protile, as Lord High some other artists in the same department, he turning from this digression, for which we Chancellor of Great Britain; and though the does not take sufficient time, not merely to are sure our readers will pardon us, we have dress wig of that office is not auspicious to consider his subject when chosen, but to guard little to add to our remarks. The Prometheus style, the artist has, in every other respect, against his choice being common-place. It is chained, by J. Kendrick, is a performance of acquitted himself so ably, that his lasting pornot sufficient that our painters should rival high merit ; although we think the form traiture of the features of a man so distin. the old Flemish in execution ; the intellectual and action of the eagle do not partake sufi- guished in our annals, is likely to be most character of this country demands that they ciently of the grandeur of the other parts favourably received by his friends and admirers. should excel them in thought and sentiment. of the design. The half-size models of C. M. To them, and to collectors generally, we can Nevertheless, we do not see much to object to, v. Weber, and of Sir James Leuth, by the fairly recommend this production of art, as well on that score, in Mr. Farrier's “ Loiterer,” same artist, exhibit to great advantage his meriting their attention. The reverse has an with the exception of the too violent action of talents in the more familiar branches of his inscription, recording the leading events of his the dame, which savours more of the Bilings- profession.— The Cavalcade proceeding to the lordship’s long and valuable life. gate virago, than of an angry mistress or mo- Tournament (from Ivanhoe), by S. Henning, ther waiting the arrival of the pitcher from is exceedingly beautiful in its way; but has SKETCHES OP SOCIETY. the well.

too much of the gem in its relief, to be ad- A VISIT TO NEWSTEAD IN 1828. Sculpture Room: — There is little of vantageously seen in the light in which it is it was on the noon of a cold, bleak day in novelty in the room appropriated to this de- placed.

February, that I set out to visit the memorable partment of art; but, as we have before ob

Abbey of Newstead, once the property and abode served, the light and the arrangement give

of the immortal Byron. The gloomy state of an interest to most of the models, and shew Tus grand painting, by M. Le Thière, will the weather, and the dreary aspect of the sur. them to great advantage. Even the enchant- be exhibited on Monday. Those who recollect rounding country, produced impressions more ing group of Poetry and Painting, by E. H. this celebrated painter's picture of the Death ) appropriate to the view of such a spot than

MEDAL OF LORD ELDON.

DEATH OF VIRGINIA.

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