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against the enemy. They pressed forward and covered with blood, announced to the tained, and inferior in numbers, were overwith irresistible impetuosity; the first of the Swedish cavalry the fall of their king. They powered by this new host of enemies, after a five Imperial brigades was routed, the second rushed madly forward to rescue his remains noble resistance. The unexpected appearance thrown into confusion, and the third was from the hands of the enemy. A murderous of Pappenheim re-animated the expiring coualready preparing for fight. But here Wallen- conflict took place above the corpse, tilt the rage of the Imperialists, and the Duke of stein's presence of mind exerted itself. He inanimate body was covered with a heap of Friedland rapidly availed himself of this faflew with the rapidity of lightning to the spot, slain. The dreadful intelligence soon ran vourable moment to form his line again. The to restore order among the troops ; and his through the Swedish army ; but instead of close-ranged battalions of the Swedes were, powerful word was itself sufficient to stop the dispiriting these brave soldiers, it only excited after a tremendous conflict, again repulsed light of the fugitives. Supported by three them to a new, a wilder, and more destructive across the trenches, and the battery, which regiments of cavalry, the vanquished brigades fury. Life seemed to have lost its value, now had been twice captured, rescued from their formed anew, faced the enemy, and attacked that the most sacred life of all had filed; death hands. The whole yellow regiment, the the broken ranks of the Swedes. A murderous had no terrors for the lowly, since the monarch finest of all which distinguished themselves in conflict ensued. The nearness of the enemy had fallen beneath his hand.”
this dreadful day, lay dead upon the spot, left no room for fire-arms, the fury of the The Auctuating fortunes of the battle are covering the field almost in the same order attack no time for loading ; man fought against narrated with a masterly spirit; and the opera- which they had so nobly maintained while mam; the useless musket was exchanged for tions of Horn, Pappenheim, Piccolomini, and alive. Another regiment, in blue, shared the the sword and the pike, and art gave place to Wallenstein, are as elearly placed before the same fate, which Count Piccolomini attacked the reckless energy of despair. Overpowered reader as if he were a spectator of the fight. with the Imperial cavalry, and overcame after by numbers, the wearied Swedes at last retired “ The regiments of Upland, Smäland, Fin- a desperate contest. Seven times did this in. beyond the trenches ; and the battery which land, East and West Gothland, rushed like trepid general renew the attack ; seven horses they had captured was again lost by their re- lions a second time against the left wing of the were shot under him, and he himself was treat. A thousand mangled bodies already enemy, which had offered but a feeble resist- pierced with six musket-balls. Yet he would strewed the field, and yet no step of ground ance to General Horn, and was now entirely not leave the field, until compelled by the bad been gained. Meantime, the king's right beaten out of the field. Bernard, duke of general retreat of the whole army. Wallenving, led on by himself, had attacked the left Saxe-Weimar, gave to the bereaved Swedes a stein himself was seen riding through his ranks of the enemy. The first impetuous shoek of noble leader in his own person ; and the spirit with cool intrepidity, amidst a shower of balls, the Finland cuirassiers scattered the lightly of Gustavus seemed anew to animate his victo- assisting the distressed, animating the brave mounted Polanders and Croats who were rious squadrons. The left wing was speedily by his example, and intimidating the wavering placed upon this wing, and their disorderly rallied, and pressed hard against the right of by his frown. His men were falling thick flight spread terror and confusion among the the Imperialists. The artillery at the wind around him, and his own mantle was pierced rest of the cavalry. At this moment the king mills, which had kept up such a murderous fire with several balls. But destiny this day proreceived the intelligence that his infantry were against the Swedes, fell into their hands, and tected that breast, for which another weapon retiring across the trenches, and also that his its thunders were directed against the enemy. was reserved ; on the same field where the noble left wing was severely annoyed, and already The centre of the Swedish infantry, under the Gustavus expired, Wallenstein was not to terwavering from the fire of the artillery at the command of Bernard and Knipphansen, ad- minate his guilty career. Less fortunate was windmills. With rapid decision, he left to vanced a second time against the trenches, Pappenheim, the Telamon of the army, the General Horn the task of pursuing the van- which they successfully passed, and a second bravest soldier of the church and of the house quished left of the enemy, while he flew, at time they made themselves masters of the bat- of Austria. An ardent desire to encounter the the head of the regiment of Steinbock, to repair tery of seven can nons. The attack was now king carried this daring leader into the thick. the disorder of his right wing. His horse renewed with redoubled vehemence upon the est of the fight, where he thought he was hore him, with the speed of light, aeross the heavy battalions of the enemy's centre; their most likely to find his noble opponent. Gus. trenches; but the passage was more difficult for resistance gradually became less and less ; and tavus had also expressed his wish to meet his the squadrons that followed, and only a few chance itself seemed to conspire with the ef- brave antagonist, but these hostile desires rehørsemen, among whom was Francis Albert, forts of the Swedes to complete their defeat. mained ungratified; the heroes, for the first duke of Saxe Lauenburg, were able to keep up The Imperial powder-waggons took fire, and time, met in death. Two musket-balls pierced with the king. He spurred directly towards the grenades and bombs were blown with a the heart of Pappenheim: and be was forthe place where his infantry were most closely tremendous explosion into the air. The enemy, cibly carried, by his soldiers, out of the field. pressed, and while he gazed around in search now in confusion, thought they were attacked While they were engaged in conveying him to of an opening in the enemy's line for attack, in the rear, while the Swedish brigades pressed the rear, a murmur reached his ear, that he his shortness of sight unfortunately led him too them in front. Their courage failed. They whom he had songht lay dead upon the plain. close to their ranks. An Imperial gefreyter,* saw their left wing defeated, their right on When assured of the truth of this intelligence, remarking that every one respectfully made the point of giving way, their artillery in his look became brighter, his dying eye sparkled way for him, immediately ordered a musketeer the enemy's hands. The battle seemed to be with a gleam of joy. Tell the Duke of Friedto take aim at him. Fire at that man,' said almost decided; the fate of the day depended land,' said he, that I am mortally wounded ; he, that must be a person of distinction. The on a single moment ; - and in that moment but that I die happy, since I know that the imsoldier fired, and the king's left arm was shat- Pappenheim appeared on the field with his placable enemy of my faith has fallen on the tered. At that moment his squadrons came cuirassiers and dragoons; every advantage was same day.' With Pappenheim vanished the hurrying up, and a confused cry of, The king lost, and the battle was begun anew. The good fortune of the Imperialists. No sooner did bleeds! the king is shot ! spread terror and order which recalled that general to Lutzen the cavalry of the right wing, already beaten, consternation among the troop. It is nothing-had reached him in Halle, while his troops and only rallied by his exertions, miss their follow me,' cried the king, collecting his whole were still engaged in plundering that town. victorious leader, than they gave up every strength ; but overcome by pain, and nearly It was impossible to collect the scattered in-ching for lost, and abandoned the field of battle fainting, be requested of the duke of Lauenburg fantry with that rapidity which the pressing in despair. The right wing fell into similar in French to lead him secretly out of the tumult. urgency of the order, and the impatience of confusion, with the exception of a few regia While the latter was moving towards the right Pappenheim himself required. Without wait- ments, which the bravery of their colonels, wing with the king, and making a long circuit ing for them, therefore, he ordered eight regi. Gotz, Terzky, Colleredo, and Piccolomini, con to conceal this discouraging sight from the dis- ments of cavalry to mount, and at their head pelled to keep their ground. The Swedish inordered infantry, the king received a second be advanced at full gallop to Lutzen, to share fantry, with great promptitude, availed them. sluot through the back, which deprived him of in the battle. He arrived just in time to wit- selves of the enemy's confusiou. To fill up his small remaining strength. • Brother,' said ness the flight of the Imperial right wing the gaps which death had made in these ranks, he, with a dying voice, I am gone ; look to before Gustavus Horn, and to find himself at they formed both lines into one, and made a your own life.' At the same moment he sank first involved in their rout. But with rapid last decisive charge. A third time they crossed from his horse ; pierced by several shots, and, presence of mind he rallied the fugitives, and the trenches, and a third time they captured atandoned by all his attendants, he breathed led them anew against the enemy. Carried the artillery behind them. The sun was sethis last amidst the hands of the Croatian plun-away by his impetuous bravery, and impatient ting when the hostile lines met. The battle derers. His charger, flying without its rider, to encounter the king, whom he expected to seemed to grow more desperate as it drew'to.
find at the head of this wing, he burst fu. wards its close; the last etforts of strength "Gefreyter, 2 person exempt from watching duty, hausted by the victory they had already ob. did their utmost to repair in these last prea
riously into the Swedish ranks, which, ex. were mutually exerted, and daring and address pasly corresponding to the purporal."
RUSSIA AND PERSIA.
cious minutes the fortune of the day. : It was templating the full extent of the calamity that into consideration. Aga Meer Fatha is conin vain ; despair seemed to animate each party had befallen them."
sidered by General Arristoff as the chief perwith superhuman strength ; neither could con. We now, so far as Part XX., dismiss Con- sonage of the city. He has completely idenquer, neither would give way. The art of war stable's Miscellany—a real and existing Library tified himself with the Russians. Ahmed Khan, seemed to exhaust its powers in one point, of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge, neither the son of Futh Alli Khan Keshtee, governor only to unfold some new and untried master- puffed by an upstart pseudo monopoly, a junta of Tabreez, continues to act as his father's piece of skill in another. Night and darkness in a University Committee, nor a prostituted deputy. at last put a period to the battle, which the Review.
Tuesday, 30th.Strict search has been made fury of the combatants would willingly have
this morning to recover the property taken from prolonged; and the contest ceased, only be.
ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. the palace. As many of the depredators were cause each could no longer find his antagonists.
known, parties of Russian soldiers, attended Both armies separated, as if by tacit agree- Journal of the Occupation of Tabreex by the by Persians, visited their houses : a consider. ment; the trumpets sounded, and each party
able portion of the effects was found. Mirza claiming the victory quitted the field. “ More than 9000 men of both armies lay Meet the week.complete the interesting picture of affairs Jaffer, one of the young men sent by the
between Russia and Persia at Tabreez. The divisions prince to be educated in England, had been dead upon the field; the number of the wounded among the Persians themselves; the ambitious views of active during the pillage : property to a large
several subjects of the Shah; and the actual condition was much greater, and among the Imperialists of the country occupied by the Russian arıny, afford amount was found in his house. -I under. scarcely a man escaped uninjured from the field. data for political reflections of the highest importance.] stand that Aga Meer Fatha waited upon The whole plain, from Lutzen to the Canal, SUNDAY, Oct. 28th.-Iam informed this morn- Prince Arristoff this day, to apprise him that was covered with the wounded, the dead, and ing, that the Maraud and Nukhsheewaun horse the citizens meditate a revolt and massacre the dying. Many of the principal nobility had who went in pursuit of the prince's family, of the Russians. It is certain that greater fallen on both sides. Even the abbot of Fulda, overtook them at the Sluttel pass: it was, precautions have been taken, arising probably who had mingled in the combat as a spectator, however, occupied by the Mazenderaun in- from this disclosure. The possibility of effect. paid for his curiosity and his ill-timed zeal with fantry forming a part of their escort. In at- ing such a design has frequently occurred ; his life. History is silent as to prisoners ; an tempting to force the defile, many of the pur- but neither do the inhabitants possess the additional proof of the fury of the combatants, suers were killed. They then broke off by spirit nor the unanimity requisite_for its who neither gave nor took quarter. Pappen- other passages through the mountains, and execution. The small number of the Russians heim died of his wounds the next day at Leip- came in sight of the harem.--Banger-khan may have encouraged the idea. The chiefs of zig; an irreparable loss to the Imperial army, Chellebeunloo, with the horsemen of his tribe, the different divisions of the city have been which this consummate general had so often covered their retreat. He succeeded in repel- made responsible for the safety of the guards led on to conquest.
The messenger ling the pursuers ; they, however, got posses- placed within their precincts. was already on his way to him from Madrid sion of many loads of baggage belonging to two Wednesday, 31st.-General Paskewitch and with the order of the Golden Fleece, when of the prince's wives. The Russian officers staff yesterday evening reached Suhillaun with a death overtook him at Leipzig. Though Te declare that no party was authorised to follow light detachment from the main army. Being Deum was sung in honour of the victory in all the prince's family. The general had been anxious to see the troops, I went in the morning the Spanish and Austrian dominions, Wallen- pressed by the sons of Nuzzur Alli Khan to towards the bridge of the Augee; General P. stein himself, by the rapidity with which he send a detachment of cavalry; as their wives, was at the head of the line of march, surrounded left Leipzig, and, soon after, the whole of who had been taken as hostages, were supposed by the chief officers and his staff. On leaving Saxony, and by abandoning his intention of to have been carried off with the prince's. Yet the bridge, about three quarters of a mile, taking up his winter-quarters in that country, no men could be spared to effect the wishes of he was met by Aga Meer Fatha, attended openly confessed his defeat. It is true he made individuals, when on the morning Tabreez was by a deputation of the principal inhabitants a feeble attempt, even in his flight, to dispute to be attacked. The sons of Nuzzur Alli Khan of the city. The two parties remained a the palm of victory, by sending out his Croats were exceedingly vexed at the indifference short time in conversation. The column of next morning to the field; but the sight of the shewn to recover their women : notwithstand- troops was headed by three battalions of in. Swedish army, which stood in battle array, ing the objections made with their own depend- fantry, then succeeded a regiment of dra. immediately dispersed these flying bands; and ants, they set off to regain these pledges on the goons, two regiments of Uhlans, the artil. Duke Bernard, by keeping possession of the evening of the 24th from Sahillaun.- The Rus- lery at intervals of about eighteen pieces, a field, and soon after by the capture of Leipzig, sian army changed their encampment to the regiment of Cossacks of the Don, and another retained the undisputed right to the title of level ground behind the prince's garden. Their of the Black Sea. The whole corps marched victor. But the triumph was a melancholy numbers cannot amount to more than 4000 to the cavalry encampment on the rising one, the victory dearly bought! Now first, infantry, 800 regular cavalry, 800 Cossacks, ground between the city and the Augee to when the fury of conflict was over, was felt and 1200 Russian irregular horse. The artil the left of the road; General Arristoff's di. the full weight of the loss they had sustained, lery consists of eighteen field pieces of differ- vision was there assembled to receive the and the shout of triumph died away into the ent calibers.
commander-in-chief, before whom the united gloomy and mournful tone of despair. He Monday, 29th.– Colonel Luzzeroff is ap- army passed in review order. All their movewho had led them forth to the fight returned pointed commandant of the city; ho lodges at ments were executed with great regularity. not with them; he lay upon that field which the palace. Yesterday officers were employed The appearance of the troops, though by no he had gained, amidst the dead bodies of the in taking charge of what remained of the means brilliant, was exceedingly good, denoting common crowd. After a long, and, for a time, prince's property. The inhabitants of the city a high state of efficiency for actual service. The ineffectual search, the corpse of the king was begin to lament their pusillanimous conduct; regiments of infantry were about 700 bayonets discovered, not far from the great stone which, they loudly find fault with Aga Meer Fatha, each ; the men healthy and robust ; their march for a hundred years before, had stood between who is considered to be the person who acted was steady, firm, and in correct alignement. Lutzen and the Canal, and which, from the chiefly in favour of the Russians: on the other The cavalry displayed equal perfection in their memorable disaster of that day, still bears the hand, the heads of the ancient Tabreez families movements : the horses were, indeed, much rename of the Stone of the Swede. Covered with have solicited the protection of the Emperor duced in flesh, requiring some rest ere a march blood and wounds, so as to be scarcely recog- Nicolas ; – they have begged that their city of long duration could be undertaken, yet were nised, trampled beneath the hoofs of the cavalry, may not be restored on the conclusion of peace. still in condition for immediate employment. deprived of its ornaments and clothes by the There have not been wanting volunteers From the size and general good quality of the rude hands of the plunderers, his body was amongst them to conduct a detachment of horses, this body of cavalry would oppose with drawn from beneath a heap of dead, conveyed troops for the purpose of seizing the prince's success far superior numbers of the best Per. to Weissenfels, and there delivered up to the person. The dissatisfaction towards his royal sian horse of the present day. The Don Coslamentations of the army, and the last embraces highness's government, and their desire to be sacks, in full uniform, have always a handsome of his queen.
The first tribute was paid to relieved from the rule of kajars, are occasioned appearance. The Black-Sea Cossacks, though vengeance, and blood had atoned for the blood by the treatment they have for so many years of rougher exterior, are considered in every of the monarch ; the next was due to affection, endured. They were deprived of power, re- respect the most active and brave soldiers. and tears of grief were now shed for the man. spectability, and emolument. The Arrauk The horses of both are small, clumsy animals, Individual griefs were lost in the universal servants of Abbas Mirza filled every situation capable of enduring great fatigue. The artil. larnentation. The generals, still paralysed by under the government, whilst only a few of lery marched past in brigades, the twelvethe unexpected blow, stood speechless and mo- the natives of Tabreez held offices merely no- pounders drawn by six horses ; those of inferior tionless around his bier, and shrunk from con.) minal. By a change they expect again to rise I caliber by four. Each gun was followed by
600 1200 2000 1000
two two-wheeled light tumbrils, having a pair ingress into the city; nor have I heard that to celebrate a Te Deum ; the envoy declined or three horses abreast : the whole must have any affrays of consequence have taken place. being present at this ceremony, but accepted amounted to thirty pieces of artillery. This some discontent has been caused by the public the opportunity of seeing the troops after its corps partook of the same character with the baths having been frequented, which renders performance. At mid-day, a captain of Uhlans, other branches of the army, nothing splendid them, in the opinions of the Mahomedans, with a party of his regiment, arrived to conor elegant, but very imposing and effective. impure. The civil government of the city re- duct the envoy. The army was drawn up in a When the different corps had marched past, mains under Aga Meer Fatha : at first an large square on the plain behind the prince's General Paskewitch moved towards the city: authority was constituted, at which four of garden : the infantry formed two faces of it; on his arrival at the gates, the guns from the the principal inhabitants were ordered to pre- the regular cavalry, Cossacks, and artillery, the towers and bastions were discharged in rapid side: they were to report their proceedings to other sides. On reaching the ground, prayers succession ; the salute must have been carried Colonel Lazzuaff, without whose sanction no were just finished : the officers of the army, twice round the walls. The light division had decisions were to be carried into effect. On who were assembled in the centre of the square marched from Eriwan in thirteen days, without the representation of Aga Meer Fatha, that to attend divine service, separated to their dif. & halt: the distance is 180 miles. At night. this tribunal tended to diminish his influence ferent posts; a salute of fifty guns was fired; fall, the towers and the summit of the old over the inhabitants, the internal government we joined the suite of the commander-in-chief ; building of the Ark were brilliantly lighted up of the city has been given completely to his su- the troops broke into column to march past the with flambeaux.
perintendence. This personage has in view to general : it was a most imposing sight, all the Thursday, Nov. Ist. The Cayim Mukum become the chief authority of Azerbejaun : movements performed with the greatest prearrived this evening at the village Kallamullay, he nourishes the most ambitious designs; has cision ; orders given without any unnecessary four miles distant from the city. He is not already issued rukums to the local chiefs of the clamour, and quickly executed. There is a permitted to enter the walls, as his popularity districts, directing them to espouse the cause certain degree of stiffness in the carriage and with the inhabitants is great, which makes the of Russia, with threats of punishment, and walk of a Russian soldier, owing to the right Russians apprehensive that his presence may exile to Siberia, if they do not immediately ligature of the waist, which produces an un. give rise to some tumult. He is empowered to attend to his injunctions. This proceeding, pleasant and awkward effect; but, either taken treat for peace.
though beneficial in inducing others to follow individually or in a body, the appearance and Friday 2d. The Russian prisoners of war, his steps, has not been approved by General equipment of the Russian troops are highly chiefly officers, who were confined at Mau. Paskewitch. Meer Fatha forgets, that in di. military, and unite all that is required for raugha, have been released, and sent as a peace- vesting himself of the character of head priest, parade or actual service. The troops, after offering from that city to General Paskewitch. he entirely destroys the power he possesses over defiling, formed into a mass, with a front of Nearly the whole of the districts or divisions the minds of his fellow-citizens. On one oc- four battalions ; General Paskewitch proceeded of Azerbejaun have followed the example of casion he became an uninvited guest to the at a quick gallop along the line, passed through Tabreez. The inhabitants of Khoeg have sent table of the commander-in-chief; he brought at intervals of the columns, and was received a deputation to General Paskewitch, requesting some dishes cooked at his own house, but at the by each corps with loud acclamations. I should that no troops may march against their town, same time partook of others of Russian com- thus roughly estimate the strength of the army: as they will deliver it up if the province is position. This behaviour, so contrary to the 12 battalions of infantry, 550 men........ 6600 retained by Russia. The district of Caradaugh prejudices of the Sceah sect of Mahomedans,
2 battalions absent on guard..
1 regiment of dragoons has submitted ; Mahomed Kooli Beg, a de. has occasioned in the city a great sensation 3 regiments of Uhlans, 400 men ........ scendant of its former chiefs, has been placed to his detriment. Aga Mahomed Alli, the Cossacks .. to govern it. The principal of Sbah-Sawans prince's head armourer, has been directed to
52 pieces of artillery, 20 men and Shaggangrees are in arms against the forge keys for the gates of Tabreez (although prince Jehan Geer Khan : the hereditary khan no locks are in existence), which are to be Reckoning absentees on duty and sick, the of the latter tribe has openly joined the Rus- presented to the emperor.“ , Four guns are Russian force at Tabreez may possibly amount sians, and acknowledges their supremacy : he also to be cast in commemoration of the to fourteen thousand men. is the son of the famous Azad Khan, who dis- capture of Abbasabad, Surderabad, Eriwan, puted the throne with the present king. The and Tabreez. Each piece of artillery is
Parts, April 5. town-people of Mauraugha have been the most to be inscribed with the name of these places. The fête of Longchamp being the conversaviolent in their proceedings. This city has been the towns-people have not hitherto suffered in tion of the day, I presume it would be quite for some years under the rule of Fath Alli Khan, their property from the presence of the Russian out of rule to send a letter from Paris without the elder brother of the Assuff, whose sister army; the case of the adjoining villages has, dedicating at least a few lines to the brilliant is the head wife of the prince. On quit- however, been far different. The provisional equipages, les jolies femmes, et les élégants, ting Tabreez, thither one of Abbas Mirza's government issued orders on them to afford who graced the Champs Elysées on that ocdaughters, his own sister, and the wife of forage for the cavalry and draft cattle of the casion. This apparently gay scene bring8 Mahomed Mirza, sought refuge: they had not army. These have been enforced without any always to my mind Montesquieu's description been there long, when the house of the go- regularity - quadruple the quantity specified of a country party, where fits of yawning were rernor Fath Alli Khan was broken into by has been taken away, no payments of any kind only interrupted by the mutual question, the populace, who completely pillaged it, and made, and the villagers complain most bitterly“ n'est ce pas charmant?” for, in truth, the entering the women's apartments, continued to of being thus deprived of the provender laid business of life seems to be that of appearing, commit similar outrages. It is said that the aside to support their live stock daring the not of being, happy. The weather during the younger sons of Abmed Khan, the late chief of winter.
three days of public exhibition was most un. Mauragha, were the principal promotors of Sunday 4th.-The expected division, com- favourable to ladies' beauty and to spring this confusion. Fortunately, Jaffer Kooli Khan, posed of the regiment of disgraced Moscow dresses ; but as no duties are so imperative as an elder brother, interposed his authority, guards, one battalion of the new guards, regi. those of fashion, many fair dames shivered and rescued these much-to-be-pitied females. ment of Sheerwan grenadiers, regiment of Tiflis, beneath gauzes and crapes, - whilst others, The jewels and valuables of this portion of ten pieces of artillery, and some companies of more wisely, kept up the memory of old the prince's family are reported to have fallen Cossacks, arrived this morning. The rear-guard winter, and remained wrapt in their furs. As into the hands of the plunderers. The next of the army remains stationary at Maraud. The usual, barouches, gigs, landaus, cabriolets, chamorning, Jaffer Kooli Khan escorted them to battering train has likewise been ordered to re- rabancs, tilburies, and hackney coaches, moved Meandaub, a place twenty miles from the city, main there. Yesterday evening the Russian ple- pêle-mêle in dirge-like motion; whilst the Even to this spot the rabble pursued Fath Ali nipotentiary, General d'Obriscaff, went to Kal- gens d'armes, with drawn swords, lined the Khan and the harem : they meditated further lamellug to meet the Cayim Mukum ; the con- way to keep messieurs les cochers in due molestation, but were dispersed by some dis- ference concluded by the general furnishing order. This, indeed, is a most necessary precharges of grape from the artillery, under the Persian minister with a draft of the bases caution, otherwise the esprit of rivalship which Eusofe Khan, who had been previously sent on which a peace might be obtained. The governs those lords of the whip would prove there to afford them protection.
Cayim Mukum has returned to the prince's of most fatal consequences to the foot pasSaturday, 3d. The city has been very tran- camp at Salmass, whose assent to the conditions sengers. There were several splendid turnsquil, considering the circumstances, since the must be transmitted to the commander-in-out (as the English say); and these, generally arrival of the Russian army. The conduct of chief at the expiration of six days.
speaking, were occupied, not by the wives, but their troops has been such as to deserve every Monday, 5th.-Colonel Macdonald was in- | by the favourites of great men, sympathising, praise ; very few men are seen about the streets vited by General Paskewitch to attend at a no doubt, with the neglected spouse, who intoxicated, though they appear to have freel review of the Russian army. It was ordered either remained at home, or filled the ranks in
close carriages. Those who appeared the most merit of the work be what it may, the dramatic although very concise, in the absence of the satisfied with themselves and others were some censor will never allow those dreadful repre- official report, which will be sent to the Indian English and French indescribables, elegantly sentations of the Inquisition, or of a king so government, so that some time must elapse mounted on handsome and well-caparisoned cruel and superstitious as Philip the Second, before it reaches Europe, is very interesting steeds ; and, probably, more than one rich to appear on the stage. Apropos of thea- and important. dotager became the victim of the graceful bow tricals-Mademoiselle Mars is generally con- The above-mentioned arms are those of and skilful horsemanship of these fashionables ; demned, behind the scenes, for her prose- M. de Colignon, botanist on board La Bous. and many a gamester repaired the losses of the cution of Mulon and his wife. This delight- sole; and as the crew of the ship, which went past by the tender interest he excited in the ful actress is not accused of much sensibility: down in deep water, all perished, we may breasts of susceptible females ; for, on the cut diamonds, however, are not to be purchased conclude that every article also went down of a coat, the putting-on of a cravat, the every day, and it is necessary to punish se- with her: we may also take it for proven, that prancing of a horse, often depends the fortune verely the ignorant, to fill up the measure of it was the Boussole, commanded by M. la Pe. of years; and le Vendredi Saint is not a day justice, and thus compensate for the lenity rouse himself, which was thrown on the ridge, of reparation of sin, but a reparation of prodi- generally shewn to rank and fortune in fact, as M. Colignon was attached to that ship. gality. However, as religion mixes more or to those who come under the title of great A very mutilated and mis-printed statement less with education, abstinence from flesh-ment men. The report that Mr. Murray has given having appeared in the newspapers and in some is strictly observed; and though the morning Mr. Moore 4000 guineas for his Life of Lord of our contemporaries, we made application is passed in a display of luxury, to eat a piece Byron creates a strong sensation. Such a to Sir W. Betham, who has supplied us with of roast beef in the evening would be an unpar- book will be read here with avidity. The cu- the foregoing corrected statement. donable crime: it would appear that habit riosity of the public is much excited as to this But in order to put the point in à clear destroys the faculty of thinking, and renders work.
light, and shew that the fate of the intrepid us mere machines, otherwise could we be ca
and enterprising La Perouse is at last, after pable of such contradictions ? Our English
the mystery and conjecture of forty years, no
ARTS AND SCIENCES. men make no exception to general rule here;
longer uncertain, we made a drawing of the they retain all their national prejudices, but
arms, as described by Mr. Russell. On releave their religions ones on their native At length information has been received of the ferring to a standard work of French heshore. Were the Pope the head of the Pro- fate of the above unfortunate navigator, which raldry, we discovered that these were the arms testant church, one would be induced to think has so long been involved in doubt and obscurity. of Colignon; and we also found, by consulting that our islanders, ere they crossed the seas, A Captain Dillon having heard that two large the published account
of this unfortunate es purchased a large stock of indulgences—for vessels had been wrecked on one of the islands pedition, that Colignon was, as we have ob. Paris abounds in Englishmen of liberal morals, of the group called the Friendly or Navigator's served, the name of the naturalist in the who think it only necessary for their wives Islands, the Indian government fitted out and Boussole. These facts afford conclusive eviand daughters to persevere in old customs despatched a vessel called the Research, for the dence that the vessels whose wrecks have and principles. With regard to wives, seve- purpose of making every possible inquiry and been traced could be no other than M. de la ral Englishmen of rank have received severe investigation. Very unpleasant altercations Perouse's ships ; and the crescent or in the lessons : their calculation of the force of virtue took place on board the Research between Cap- base of the shield, the sign of affiliation, indiin the weaker sex has proved erroneous—as tain Dillon and Dr. Tittler, who was sent (we cates that M. Colignon was a second son or British dames here begin to think that the laws believe) on board as a naturalist, which it is branch of the noble family of that name. Our of retaliation are just, and that the cold and not requisite for us to detail.
contemporaries in Paris will, no doubt, make distant respect of their lords and masters is not Mr. John Russell, an officer on board the further inquiries into this matter, which has equivalent to the assiduities and delicate atten- Research, wrote to his uncle, Sir W. Betham, so long excited the curiosity, and engaged the tions of tender suitors. Much scandal is, of of Dublin, a letter, dated Nov. 7, 1827, which sympathy, of Europe. course, on the tapis ; and loud are the complaints was received in Dublin on the 9th March, 1828, of husbands, who meet but little sympathy, of which the following is an extract : when they neglect even the appearance of
“ Nero Zealand, Nov. 7, 1827. kindness towards those whom they require to “ We are just arrived here after a voyage in love, honour, and obey them.
search of La Perouse ; and I think we have La Fiancée de Lammermoor of Walter Scott, been successful. Both his ships were wrecked arranged as a drama by Victor Ducange, has the same night on a reef off the Manicolo met with deserved success at the theatre of the Island, which is situate in lat. 11 min. 40 deg. Porte St. Martin. Of course, by reducing so south, long. 170 deg. east. One ship sunk in beautiful a work to the limits of stage scenes, deep water immediately after striking, and all much of the charm of the original is lost. M. on board perished ; the other was thrown on Ducange is the only dramatic author who the reef, and some of the crew escaped, who seems to bave understood Walter Scott, or to saved sufficient materials from the wreck to know how to cull the beauties with which he build a small vessel, in which, with the excepabounds.
tion of two men who continued on the island, Sidney Hall's New General Atlas. Part VI. The different theatres at Paris are threat- and those who were killed by the natives, they In a style of similar clearness and excellence ened with four William Tells, by four authors left the place about five months after their of merit: to whom will be adjudged the palm, shipwreck: their ultimate fate is still unknown with the preceding Parts, the present Part is as yet undecided ; but in private circles of the two men who remained, one quitted and Portugal ; - the new world and the old.
contains Peru, New South Wales, and Spain opinion has already taken a bias.
the island in a canoe, the other died about The map of New South Wales appears to us.co Monday evening Miss Smithson and Mr. three years since. We have obtained clear be particularly valuable, as it embraces all the Macready are to appear in Macbeth. The proof that the ships wrecked were French, havFrench are beginning to cede the victory ing found and secured many pieces of silver recent surveys, &c. of that rising colony. to us in point of tragedy. They allow we and copper stamped with the fleur-de-lis. We
AFRICAN GEOGRAPHY. excel in horrors, and die admirably! -- but have also two bells, one having on it an inscrip- It is gratifying to learn that our government, that they, and they alone, know how to live; tion—BAZIN M'A FAIT; on the other are the with a perseverance worthy of an enlightened and consequently in comedy we cannot ap- royal arms of France. We have also found a nation, continues to direct scientific inquiry toproach them. Here I believe they are right part of a plated candlestick, on which is en wards the ill-known, or unknown, parts of the Miss Smithson is a great favourite, and her graved a shield with the following arms : coasts of Africa, as well as towards other quar. charms of person and beauty of face are often Azure a saltire ; in chief a mullet; and in ters of the globe where correct investigation the topic of conversation. Mademoiselle Mimi base a crescent or. Supporters two lions ram. is required. Captain Boteler, who served Dupuis is on her way to London, where it is pant regardant. The shield is surmounted with much distinction under Captain Owen predicted that she is to turn the steady heads with a viscount's coronet. We have searched in his extensive survey of Africa, chiefly on the of Messieurs les Anglais. There is at present a all the neighbouring islands, to ascertain the Eastern coast and Madagascar, which occupied tragedy, attributed to the pen of a M. Soumet, fate of the small vessel and her crew, if per- between five and six years,* is now appointed entitled Elizabeth de France, rehearsing at the chance any of them might still exist ; but Théâtre Français : it is said the author has without success.”
• of this Survey, it is mentioned to us, Captain
Boteler has writ:ev a detailed and interesting account copied Schiller, in his Don Carlos. Let the Such is the statement of Mr. Russell, which, 'for publication;
but it stil terraing in manuscript.
to complete the survey of the Western Coast (to which the king had invited the whole of the nevertheless; and Mr. Crome has the high from the Straits of Gibraltar to the Cape de literary visitors,) two ministers of state pre- authority of some of the best of Vanderneer's Verd Islands ; and will, we understand, pro-sided ; and after the company rose from table, moonlights for the tone.
Be that as it may, ceed on this expedition in Captain Parry's old it is mentioned as a special mark of favour, Mr. Crome's talents are sufficiently conspicuous ship the Hecla, in a few days, from Ports. that his majesty spoke a few words to every one in the management of the composition, and in mouth.
of his guests ; so that they parted full of the the whole performance. In connexion with Captain Madge, another officer who served warmest admiration for, as they termed him, this picture, we are happy to notice No. 431, under Captain Owen, has also been appointed the king of the learned. The next meeting Sluice Gate, on the River Wensum, by A. Stanto proceed to Ireland to complete the coast part is to be held in Berlin, in September next : nard; as, with others of the same class, they of the Ordnance survey of that kingdom. Cap- Alexander von Humboldt president, and Pro-shew the close resemblance of character and tain Mudge is accompanied by Lieutenant fessor Lichtenstein, the African traveller, se execution between the works of some of our Frazer, who was assistant to Captain Bayfield cretary. The number of subjects that came artists and the best pictures of the Flemish in his laborious survey of the Lakes of Canada, under discussion, during the sittings of nearly school. It is not that the pure English style which has been recently finished. a whole week, cannot be here detailed,
of landscape painting is not equally estimable ;
but it so seldom happens that a due value is set Major Laing. In a recent Number of the
upon what is domestic and within reach, that Literary Gaxette we mentioned the statement
our artists, to obtain attention, are frequently to the French Academy by M. Jomard, founded SOCIETY OF BRITISH ARTISTS,
obliged to assume a foreign mask. This preju. on letters from London, of the British govern
dice, however, on the part of our amateurs, ment having received news of Major Laing No. 325. The Enthusiast. Theodore Lano.-- seems to be rapidly declining. Where indeed, through Morocco.
M. Jomard has since com- Surely this is carrying enthusiasm as far as it in any school, or at any time, can be found municated the letters to the Academy: they can go. We have seen the “ ruling passion,” greater excellence in execution, and without are dated the 19th of January ; but we fear in most of its varieties, caricatured and ridi- any particular resemblance to foreign art, than there is nothing recent concerning our enter culed : but it remained for Mr. Lane exhibit is manifested in most of the works of Lance, prising countrymen (Laing and Clapperton) a superannuated Izaak Walton, sitting by the Pidding, Stevens, Blake, &c. ? that is calculated to assuage our uneasiness as fire-side in his chamber, and angling in a large The room appropriated to drawings, miniato their now too probable fate.
bathing-tub! In treating this strange and tures, and prints, and that appropriated to
whimsical subject, the artist has shevn some of sculpture, are admirably adapted to their re. LITERARY AND LEARNED.
the best qualities of the art_expression, execu- spective purposes. They abound in good works. Dxford, April 5.-On Saturday, the 29th ult. being the tion, and appropriate colouring.
Among the miniatures, the frame containing last day of Lent Term, the following degrees were con- No. 421. Portrait of a Lady. W. Boxall. the pictures of Mrs. James Robertson deservedly Bachelors in Divinity.--Rev. T. Amold, late Fellow of
This example of simplicity in tone and colour- occupies a distinguished place. There are seOriel College, Head Master of Rugby School; Rev. G. ing shews at once what may be done without veral beautiful copies in miniature from the Dineley, Worcester College.
the gaud of art. No judicious observer can works of various painters in oil. No. 595. Bachelor in Civil Law.-Rev. H. J. Ellmån, Wadham look at it without being reminded of Sir Joshua Juliet, after a Sketch by Opie, by W. Bone, is College. Master of Arts - Rev. W. L. Neville, Queen's College. Reynolds' style of painting when his aim ap- exquisitely finished, but hung too high for its
Bathelors of Arts W.J. Trower, Christ Church; Lord peared to be to represent nature as she was, worth. No. 569. A Portrait (ufter Cotes) of E. , College.
rather than as what, at a later period of his life, the late Paul Sandby, Esq., by Miss OrdesCAMBRIDGE, April 5.-The following gentlemen were he thought she ought to be.
worth, which, for fidelity of resemblance and on Friday last admitted Bachelors of Arts :
No. 228. Girl with a Jewel-Casket. F. Y. beauty of execution, would do credit to our best G. Goldsmith, St. Peter's College ; T. J. Theobald, Hurlstone. Every body knows the picture by miniature-painters, is, on the other hand, hung Christ College; R. Catton, R. R. Toke, Corpus Christi Titian
which has suggested the present per- too low for its merits. By the side of this is The Vice-Chancellor and other official electors of Tyr- formance. This is a fair and legitimate mode No. 575; a bold and masterly copy, by T. H. white's Hebrew.scholarships have given notice, in pur- of competition, and has been practised by the Bischoff, of Sir Joshua's Infant Jupiter. Many date the 14th of March, 1826, that a premium of 501. will most eminent artists. We would not, however, other miniatures of great merit, our limits wiń be given for the best dissertation on the nature and extent recommend the effort to tyros, as they will not allow us to enumerate. Among the draw. of the Hebraisms found in the writings of St. Paul, including seldom produce more than a sort of varied copy; ings are various admirable specimens of the art. the Epistle to the Hebrews.
while the more advanced painter will commu. No. 738. The Gleaner, by J. Holmes; beauti. NATIONAL MEETING AT MUNICÍ. nicate, always originality, and sometimes im- ful both in character and in execution. No. The three meetings of the German Literati, provement to his work. The talents of Mr. 724. Shrimpers near Hastings, J. M. Ince; a especially natural philosophers and physicians, Hurlstone have enabled him, retaining much clear and excellent drawing. No. 722. Juliet, that have taken place within the last three of his great prototype, to paint a very fascinating after Opie ; C. R. Bone: a faithful copy of the years at Frankfort, Dresden, and Munich, for picture.
No. 699 and 708. Vignettes to C. Cro. the express purpose of promoting experimental No. 226. Portraits of a Lady and Child. ker's Fairy Legends ; W. H. Brooke. Whether philosophy in all its branches, by communi. Mrs. Pearson.-Among the very clever portraits among fairies and Aowers, where taste and cating and discussing the various discoveries sprinkled throughout the present exhibition, fancy go hand in hand, or delineating the broad and experiments made by different individuals, we are happy to notice this lady's performance, humours of Irish eccentricity, we always find from all parts of Germany, have excited such as evincing her steady and progressive improve this artist eminently suecessful. No. 732. universal attention, that they are justly said ment in art. We are glad to observe the good Island of Innisfallen ; No. 746. The Dargle, to form a new epoch in the history of German taste which Mrs. Pearson and (with a single and other drawings by Glover, are in his usual literature. The great merit of having origi- exception) every other portrait-painter whose style of excellence. No. 773. Fishing Boats in nated these beneficial assemblies is due to Pro- works decorate the walls of this gallery have the Monsoon, Bombay erbour, C. Stanfield, fessor Oken of Jena, and now of Munich. The shewn, in avoiding the Medusa-like monstrosi-contributes to give great interest to this departlast meeting took place in September, at Mu- ties to which we have before alluded, in the ment of art.-Ön the print side of the room are nich; and no fewer than 152 professors of natural mode of dressing the hair of our fashionable some equally valuable examples of engraving in philosophy, besides many other learned indivi- countrywomen, and by which that which ought line, mezzotinto, chalk, wood, and lithography. duals from Dresden, Berlin, Frankfort, Weimar, to be one of the greatest ornaments of beauty, Among the principal, are No. 847. Duncan Bonn, Ulm, Stuttgardt, &c., assembled in this is perverted into the most injurious deformity. Gray, after Wilkie, by F. Engleheart; No. daily rising capital. The first sitting, on the No. 202. A Cattle Ferry. J. Dearman.- 820. The Wreck of the Medusa, by S. W. Rey. 18th of September, under the special patronage There is much more than promise in the paint-nolds; a most admirable print, No. 822. Trial of the king and all his ministers, was attended ings of this young artist ; but he should avoid a of Lord W. Russell, by J. Bromley ; No. 842. by several hundred visitors, and held in the something of sameness both in subject and in Filippo Lippi, after De La Roche, by S. W. magnificent saloon of the town-ball, which was colouring. The latter approximates to what Reynolds ; No. 839. A Frame of Engravings decorated for the occasion with exotic trees and may be termed brassy ; the appearance of which on 'Wood, by J. Thompson, &c. In the chalk plants from the botanical garden. Public din. is much increased by the light and fluttering department, Woolnoth and Kennerley present ners, concerts, excursions into the vicinity of touches on the objects in his foregrounds.
some excellent specimens; and in that of lithothe capital, and other amusements, took place No. 426. View in the Environs of Rotterdam ; graphy, the talents of T. and W. Fairland, M. in the afternoon of that and every succeeding Moonlight. J. B. Crome..We fairly confess Gauci, and F. Ross, are highly distinguished. day, in order to relieve the more serious occu- that we have never seen moonlight clouds simi- There is, in short, in this room abundance to pations of the morning. At the last dinner, lar in colour to these; but there may be such, I engage the attention of the judicious visitor,