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MEMOIR on the GEOLOGY of CEN- A BERNETHY'S LECTURES on Ang.

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POPULAR LECTURES on the STEAM

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REVIEW OF NEW BOOKs. rose to national fame: he published, he visited / was more massive than it looks in any of the

CONSTABLE'S MISCELLANY. Edinburgh, he mingled with literary men of portraits. I would have taken the poet, had Schiller's Works: Lockhart's Life of Burns, fc. farmed, and he married ; he saw a family grow country farmer of the old Scotch school

, i. e. distinction, and shone a brilliant 'star ; he I not known what he was, for a very sagacious Our last notice of this varied publication led around him, and he still cultivated the muse; none of your modern agriculturists, who keep as to its sixteenth No., since which five more he fell too soon into the sere and yellow leaf; labourers for their drudgery, but the douce have appeared ; and one, the most interesting he was unfortunate in worldly affairs, and he gudeman who held his own plough. There of the whole, will be published within a few became careless of the world ; he sought refuge was a strong expression of sense and shrewd. days. We allude to a life of the Scots poet in inferior pleasures, he struggled, and he died. ness in all his lineaments; the eye alone, I Burns, by his eminent countryman, John We will not follow the historical account of think, indicated the poetical character and Gibson Lockhart, whose own productions both his various poetical productions, but select such temperament. It was large, and of a dark in prose and verse well entitle him to sit in miscellaneous matter as appears to us to be cast, which glowed (I say literally glowed) the biographer's and critic's chair upon this most new and interesting.

when he spoke with feeling or interest. Í occasion. But before applying to an examina

It was in 1786 that Burns visited the never saw such another eye in a human head, tion of his volume, which has been thus early Scottish capital ; and respecting this important though I have seen the most distinguished put into our hands, we wish to direct attention epoch in his life, the following is an extract men of my time.* His conversation expressed to the immediately preceding parts of the Mis- from a letter of Sir Walter Scotti perfect self-confidence, without the slightest cellany."

“As for Burns, I may truly say, Virgilium presumption. Among the men who were the
of the early life of Burns, it would be a vidi tantum. I was a lad of fifteen in 1786-7, most learned of their time and country, he
work of supererogation to say much. Currie when he came first to Edinburgh, but had expressed himself with perfect firmness, but
and Walker have left so little unexplored, and sense and feeling enough to be much interested without the least intrusive forwardness; and
their publications are so generally familiar to in his poetry, and would have given the world when he differed in opinion, he did not hesitate
readers, that Mr. Lockhart could only tread to know him; but I had very little acquaintance to express it firmly, yet at the same time with
over the same ground in a rapid manner. A with any literary people, and still less with the modesty. I do not remember any part of his
similar remark, indeed, may apply to the cri- gentry of the west country, the two sets that conversation distinctly enough to be quoted ;
tical department of his memoir ; as here also, he most frequented. Mr. Thomas Grierson nor did I ever see him again, except in the
not only Carrie and Walker, but Mackenzie, was at that time a clerk of my father's. He street, where he did not recognise me, as
Heron, Scott, Jeffrey, Wordsworth, Campbell, knew Burns, and promised to ask him to his I could not expect he should. He was much
Wilson, and others, have largely anticipated lodgings to dinner, but had no opportunity to caressed in Edinburgḥ, but (considering what
him: but still there are passages in this portion keep his word ; otherwise I might have seen literary emoluments have been since his day)
of his essay which have afforded us both much more of this distinguished man. As it was, the efforts made for his relief were extremely
delight and interesting grounds for reflection. I saw him one day at the late venerable Pro- trifling: I remember on this occasion I men-
Burns was born on the 25th of January, 1759, fessor Fergusson's, where there were several tion, I thought Burns's acquaintance with
in a clay-built cottage, about two miles to the gentlemen of literary reputation, among whom English poetry was rather limited, and also,
south of the town of Ayr, and in the immediate I remember the celebrated Mr. Dugald Stewart. that having twenty times the abilities of Alan
vicinity of the Kirk of Alloway, and the "Auld of course we youngsters sat silent, looked, Ramsay and of Ferguson, he talked of them
Brig o' Doon.” About a week afterwards, part and listened. The only thing I remember with too much humility as his models : there
of the frail dwelling, which his father had con- which was remarkable in Burns's manner, was was, doubtless, national predilection in his
structed with his own hands, gave way at mid- the effect produced upon him by a print of estimate. This is all I can tell you about
night ; and the infant poet and his mother Bunbury's, representing a soldier lying dead Burns. I have only to add, that his dress
were carried through the storm, to the shelter on the snow, his dog sitting in misery on one corresponded with his manner. He was like
of a neighbouring hovel. During his boyhood side, on the other, his widow with a child in a farmer dressed in his best to dine with the
he displayed no precocious indications of poetic her arms. These lines were written beneath :- laird. I do not speak in malam partem, when
genius ; on the contrary, his elder brother Gil-

I
Cold on Canadian hills, or Minden's plain,

say I never saw a man in company with his bert was, at school, his superior in intelligence Perhaps that parent wept her soldier slain- superiors in station and information, more and talent. The early youth of both brothers

Bent o'er her babe, her eye dissolved in dew,

perfectly free from either the reality or the was spent in rural toils; and, at the age of

The big drops, mingling with the milk he drew,
Gave the sad presage of his future years,

affectation of embarrassment. I was told, but fifteen, a Spring love for a bonnie lass, with The child of inisery baptized in tears.'

did not observe it, that his address to females whom he was engaged in the labours of har- Burns seemed much affected by the print, or was extremely deferential, and always with Fest, was the first inspiration of Robert Burns. rather the ideas which it suggested to his mind. a turn either to the pathetic or humorous, Among her other love-inspiring qualities," He actually

shed tears

. He asked whose the which engaged their attention particularly. he tells us

, " she sung sweetly; and it was her lines were, and it chanced that nobody but I have heard the late Duchess of Gordon favourite reel, to which I attempted giving an myself remembered that they occur

in a half. remark this. I do not know any thing I can embodied vehicle in rhyme. I was not so pre- forgotten poem of Langhorne's, called by the add to these recollections of forty years

' since." 53' sumptuous as to imagine that I could make unpromising title of the Justice of Peace." “ Darkly (observes Mr. Lockhart upon this

berses like printed ones, composed by men who I whispered my information to a friend present, period) as the career of Barns was destined to had Greek and Latin; but my girl sung a who mentioned it to Burns, who rewarded the terminate, there can be no doubt that he made ame, which was said to be composed by a with a look and a word, which, though of his first appearance at a period highly favoursmall country laird's son, on one of his father's mere civility, I then received, and still recol- able for his reception as a British, and espemaids

, with whom he was in love; and I saw lect, with very great pleasure. His person cially as a Scottish poet. Nearly forty years he; for, excepting that he could smear sheep not clownish; a sort of dignified plainness

and he reason why I might not rhyme as well

as was strong and robust, his manners rustic, had elapsed since the death of Thomson :and cast peats, his father living in the moor- simplicity, which received part of its effect, The is indeed feature by which is most mendu behard no more scholar-craft than mysele. perhaps

, Prom one's knowledge of his extraor: truly become to serius dan mengang

genius cannot be excluded. talents.

human face divine indications of His local celebrity, in the course of time, in my. Nasmyth's picture ; but to me it con- spirit within the mouth which spoke not car the talene jedeling our colunans, we find this must be deveys the idea that they are diminished, as it possessed, and the brow that indicated not pomere dileme

capacious mind ;-but we never knew a superior native seen in perspective. I think his countenancyl which the eye did not proclain. -Ed. L. G.

PER

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own.

Collins, Gray, Goldsmith, had successively from public view. He will not affect to shine “ The poet (says Mr. L.) visited, in the disappeared :-Dr. Johnson had belied the rich always, that he may at proper seasons come course of his tour, Sir James Hall of Dunglas, promise of his early appearance, and confined forth with more advantage and energy. He author of the well-known Essay on Gothio

We cha

14 [ himself to prose; and Cowper had bardly be- will not think himself neglected if he be not Architecture, &c.; Sir Alexander and Lady gun to be recognised as having any consider. always praised."

Harriet Don, (sister to his patron, Lord Glen. able pretensions to fill the long-vacant throne This is, indeed, sound counsel; but the evil cairn,) at Newton-Don : Mr. Brydone, the in England. At home without derogation most likely to disturb the successful author's author of Travels in Sicily; the amiable and from the merits either of Douglas or the peace, if not wisely met, is not so much the learned Dr, Somerville of Jedborough, the Minstrel, be it said—men must have gone envy by which he must expect to be assailed, historian of Queen Anne, &c. : and, as usual, back at least three centuries to find a Scottish as the gradual and certain decline of that recorded in his journal his impressions as to poet at all entitled to be considered as of that intoxicating admiration which attended his their manners and characters. His reception high order to which the generous criticism of earlier efforts.' It requires strength of mind was every where most flattering." Mackenzie at once admitted the Ayrshire to feel the true reason why the wide halo- We have extracted this passage with emo. Ploughman. Of the form and garb of his circle contracts and disperses. We impute it to tions of peculiar interest. The earliest recol. composition, much, unquestionably and avow. ourselves and to other annoying causes, and we lections of life, by the writer of this review, are edly, was derived from his more immediate are pained at the thoughts. The real cause, the ascent of Lunardi, and the sight of Burns. predecessors, Ramsay and Ferguson; but there however, lies in the vanity, the caprice, and This juxta-position of very different circum. was a bold mastery of hand in his picturesque unworthiness of human nature. Every one stances has, to his mind, nothing of the lu. descriptions, to produce any thing equal to flatters his own vanity by being, or pre- dicrous in it ; but it is, perhaps, worth a which it was necessary to recall the days of tending to be, the patron of rising merit; record, that so wonderful a thing as the ascent Christ's Kirk on the Green, and Peebles to the but of this there is a continual succession, of a balloon was in those days, and the appear. Play: and in his more solemn pieces, a depth and caprice is prone to fly from novelty to ance of a mere stranger, should have produced of inspiration, and a massive energy of lan- novelty; and in the third act, when merit has nearly an equally strong effect upon the imagina. guage, to which the dialect of his country had raised itself to its just and natural elevation, tion and memory of a child of three or four been a stranger, at least since Duabar the the patron of its first uprising either cools years old. For once, suffer us, reader, to mingle Mackar.' The muses of Scotland had never towards its mounting speed, or becomes the private feelings with our literary philosophy : indeed been silent; and the ancient minstrelsy envious detractor of its superior rank. This

the same parental hand which fired the end of the land, of which a slender portion bad as is life; - and it is well when genius can ap. signal for the intrepid aeronaut to pursue his yet been committed to the safeguard of the preciate it, rely on its own energies and re- path towards heaven, placed our little fingers press, was handed from generation to gene. sources, nor fancy the desertion of the fickle, in the grasp of that glorious Peasant who had ration, and preserved, in many a fragment, or the malice of the paltry erowd worth one already made the heaven of immortality his faithful images of the peculiar tenderness, moment's regret.*

Well do we remember the two events, and peculiar humour, of the national fancy Among the enlarged enjoyments which his at small distance of time between, when the and character--precious representations, which first success afforded to Burns, was an oppor- village churchyard was the strange spot on Burns himself never surpassed in bis happiest cunity of travelling over many parts of his which, for us, memorable deeds were done, efforts. But these were fragments; and with native country. He went to the Southern the mouldering Abbey was covered with spec. a scanty handful of exceptions, the best of Border, where every hill is sacred to the Muse, tators to witness the daring profanation of the them, at least of the serious kind, were very and every stream made sacred by song. He skies (for so it was by many considered at the ancient. Among the numberless effusions of was, it may well be supposed, delighted with time), - and the child was called from play the Jacobite Muse, valuable as we now con- the picturesque and memorable scenes offered on a curious division of the ground we cannot sider them for the record of manners and to his imagination ; and we are told that he tell why untroubled with a grave to be told events, it would be difficult to point out half. ranged with pleasure through the localities by the father who now sleeps there, “ My boy, a-dozen strains worthy, for poetical excellence celebrated by the old minstrels, of whose works this is Robert Burns, the poet and the glory of ALLT alone, of a place among the old chivalrous he was a passionate admirer; and of whom, by his country." ballads of the Southern, or even of the High- the way, one of the last appears to have been

Later times may have riveted this impres." land Border. Generations had passed away all but a namesake of his own.”+

sion, but it is vivid upon our souls to this day.istite since any Scottish poet had appealed to the

Other balloons have effaced or disturbed them sympathies of his countrymen in a lofty Scot

• This is illustrated by what the biographer says of remembrance of Lunardi, – but no bard basin tish strain.

the poet; who, in his fits of hypochrondiasm, writes, arisen to weaken in our imagination the recol.ee

“ There are just two creatures that I would envy-a lection of Burns. “ Methinks I see him now. * It was reserved for Burns to interpret the horse in his wild state traversing the forests of Asia, or an inmost soul of the Scottish peasant in all its oyster on some of the desert shores of Europe. The one

-Of some of the persons named in our moods, and in verse exquisitely and intensely has not a wish without enjoyment; the other has neither last extract, too, something might be said.eate Scottish, without degrading either his senti. weeks. Anguish and low spirits have made me unfit

to

wish nor fear." These have been six horrible The late Sir Alexander Don, son of the Six's ments or his language with one touch of read, write, or think. I have a hundred times wished Alexander therein mentioned, inherited from vulgarity, Such is the delicacy of native that one could resign life as an officer does a commission; his mother a most interesting series of the

in poor wretch by taste, and the power of a truly masculine selling out. Lately.

He was a sixpenny private, and God Poet's MSS., addressed to his aunt, Lady Glen genius,"

knows a miserable soldier enough: now I march to the cairn. We have understood from him, tha But genius is beset with many mortifications campaign a starving cadet, a little more conspicuously they included poems in their original state

I am ; and many dangers. The ever-active soul and want bravery for the warfare of life, I could wish, like letters, and many other remains of inestimable the sensitive temperament must be fed with some other soldiers, to have as much fortitude or cunning value : what has become of them we know not

as to or conceal my cowardice.' It imunceasing food, or they stagnate, yield to possible to doubt thate Bunys haar in fact" lingered min since the recent death of their accomplishe melancholy regrets, or recoil and prey upon Edinburgh, in the vague hope that, to use a vague but possessor.

We believe his friend, Sir Walte their possessor. There can be no monotony in sufficiently

expressive phrase, something would be done Scott, must have seen some, if not all, of chem a poet's life ; perhaps no real continued hap wrote scholarly and wisely about having a fortune at the and if they are what we have reason to believ piness. The fibre is too fine for this world's plough-tail, and so forth ; but all the while nourished, they are, surely they ought not to be lost uses. It was on an occasion of only slight dis- and assuredly it would have been most stranger, if he had the public. But we must turn from a digressio

not, the fond of his satisfaction that Dr. Blair wrote thus sensibly would ere long present itself in some solid and tangible so mixed with personal sentiments, that we ha to our bard :-“There is, no doubt, a gloss-of shape. His illness and confinement gave him leisure to fear its public interest may not be commenst novelty which time wears off. As you very pro- prospects ; and the letters which

we have quoted

may

concentrate his imagination on the darker side of his rate with our partial view of it. perly hint yourself, you are not to be surprised each those who envy the powers

and the fame of genius Speaking of Burns's mode of admiring ol. if, in your rural retreat, you do not find yourselt think what superior capabilities of misery have been gives us a charaeteristic trait, which will !

to pause for a moinent

over the annals of literature, and jects, or passing them in silence, Mr. Lockha surrounded with that glare of notice and ap. in the great majority of cases, interwoven with the plause which here shone upon you. No man

session of those very talents, from which all but their can be a good poet without being somewhat of possessors derive unmingled gratification."

The bird that flees thro' Reedpath trees, and Gledswo

t“ Nicoll Burn, supposed to have lived towards the a philosopher. He must lay his account, that close of the 16th century, and to have been among the last May chant and sing sweet Leader Haughs, and bon any one who exposes himself to public observa. Haughs and Yarrow, a pathetic

ballad, in the last verse But minstrel Bum cannot assuage his grietinile of the itinerant minstrels. He

(endure tion will occasionally meet with the attacks of of which his own name and designation are introduced.

p illiberal censure, which it is always best to “ Sing Erlington and Cowden knowes, where Homes had cureth.

(kened na sorto overlook and despise. He will be inclined And Dry grange, in the milk-white exes, 'twixt Tweed With Homes that dwelt on Leader side, and it to

Por mony a place stands in hard case, where blythe gometimes to court retreat, and to disappear) and Leader standing,

ance ;

Awelt on Yarrow,"

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apknowledged by all sight-seers, whether they / was, moreover, wherever he went, exposed to means of attack, while analysing those of the
pretend to genius or not. At some place of perils of his own, by the reputation which he fortress -- one who treats passion as if it were
fine scenery, whither the poet was taken for had earned as a poet, and by his extraordinary a science, such a one might write a most
the express purpose of being charmed, he was powers of entertainment in conversation. From excellent treatise on Love for the Society of
extremely calm and quiet. Upon this Dr. the castle to the cottage, every door flew open Useful or Useless Knowledge; but we ex-
Currie " enters into a little dissertation on the at his approach ; and the old system of hospi. tremely doubt his being a very dangerous per-
subject, shewing that a man of Burns's lively tality, then flourishing, rendered it difficult for son in society. We are rather of opinion,
imagination might probably have formed anti- the most soberly inclined guest to rise from any after all, that Roues are, like Wordsworth's
cipations which the realities of the prospect man's board in the same trim that he sat down cuckoo,“ talked of, but never seen.
might rather disappoint.” But Mr. L. more to it. The farmer, if Burns was seen passing, Having thrown out tbese few hints, which
justly observes : -" This is possible enough; left his reapers, and trotted by the side of Jenny do not aspire to the name of criticism, and
but I suppose few will take it for granted that Geddes, until he could persuade the bard that desiring that all the story of this novel should
Burns surveyed any scenes either of beauty or the day was hot enough to demand an extra have its full weight of novelty with its readers,
of grandeur without emotion, merely because libation. If he entered an inn at midnight, we shall follow our own usual (and not its)
he did not choose to be ecstatic for the benefit after all the inmates were in bed, the news of course, and by a few connected extracts af-
of a company of young ladies. He was, in his arrival circulated from the cellar to the ford an idea of the author's abilities.
deed, very impatient of interruption on such garret; and, ere ten minutes had elapsed, the The commencement is so spirited as to
occasions. I have heard, that riding one dark landlord and all his guests were assembled tempt us at the outset.

How
night near Carron, his companion teased him round the ingle, the largest punch-bowl was many of the genuine feelings of human
with noisy exclamations of delight and wonder, produced, and

nature have been repressed and spoiled by the whenever an opening in the wood permitted. Be ours this night--who knows what comes to-morrow?' coldness of those outward forms which consti. them to see the magnificent glare of the fur: was the language of every eye in the circle that tute so great a proportion of our education ! naces : Look, Burns ! Good Heaven ! look ! welcomed him. The stateliest gentry of the We enter into the world with buoyant feelings, look ! what a glorious sight !'-'Sir, 'said Burns, county, whenever they had especial merriment fresh and thick-coming fancies,' enthusiastic elapping spurs to Jenny Geddes, "I would not in view, called in the wit and eloquence of anticipation.— with hearts and hands open to look at your bidding, if it were the mouth Burns to enliven their carousals.”

the impression and impulses of love, friendship, of hell."

Here let us drop the curtain. After life's and generosity, and with a multitude of senses Upon compulsion, in sooth, we know not the fitful fever, he sleeps well. An hour, a day, and passions, all promising pleasure in their thing on earth that can command admiration : and such as the stern and illiberal,' who con- pursuit and their gratification. We feel the the free will is essential to this high attribute. demned him,--such as the gay and careless, who genuine tears of sympathy spring into our eyes But we will uot prolong our own comments: joined in his revels

, - such as the unthinking at a tale of distress ; and while one quotation more, and we have done all we and proud, who heeded not his fate, --such as

The world to our unpractised hearts

A flattering prospect shews; can for this small but very interesting volume. the generous, who pitied his errors, and the

Our fancy forms a thousand schemes * The reader must be sufficiently prepared enlightened, who gloried in his genius,_all

Of gay delights and golden dreams,

And undisturbed repose : to hear, that, from the time when he entered shall be alike, and, like him, in the dust. Let on his excise duties, the poet more and more this teach us charity to our fellow-mortals; we find our young pulses bounding with delight neglected the concerns of his farm. Occa- and let us honour in them those gifts which at the sight of beauty, and experience a thou. sionally be might be seen holding the plough, can never die.

sand sensations which impel us to an intimate an exercise in which he excelled, and was proud

intercourse of hearts with our fellow-creatures ; of excelling, or stalking down his furrows, with the white sheet of grain wrapt about him, a

The Roué. 3 vols. London, 1828. Colburn. and the first thing we are taught in life, is to teaty seedsman ;' but he was more commonly Tue title of this book combines attraction and unlearn these early lessons of our nature: to accupied in far different pursuits. "I am now, repulsion: attraction for those who do not fear repress these delightful springings of the heario

To shut up all the passages of joysays be, in one of his letters, a poor rascally to see a knowledge of the world and its vices

of educated ceres every week, to inspect dirty bonds and yeasty dread that the exposure of these vices cannot be mony for these bursts of genuine feelings. We barrels. Both in verse and in prose he has effected without wounding

purity, and even are taught to repress our generosity, to steel

, Steel followed his new yocation. His jests on the Roué is yet in the hands of the public, we shall to admit friendship and love only where they

but content our are compatible with our interest :-interest, that subject are uniformly bitter. "I have the same not discuss this question ; consolation," he tells Mr. Ainslie, " which I once selves with stating, that the writer has steered mainspring of human nature, as it is called, at in the streets of Kilmarnock: "Gentlemen, for beset him

in painting unprincipled men, and and to which our young hearts are directed in heard a recruiting serjeant give to his audience respect them inf paining withprinciple diese waicha whose shrine all our best feelings are sacrificed, your further encouragement, I can assure you, yielding women; and that in the end he has school days, at college, and through the world,

he the crown, and, consequently, with us an honest linquemet koue should bijeloj lampossiblesoubout The whole of our early life seems to be spent fellow has the surest chance of preferment."" that the Roué should employ

language some in getting rid of nature, and in the acquire He winds up almost all his statements of his times warm, when applied to sensual indul. ment of artifice, till our hearts and minds are feelings on this matter in the same strain.

gences and sometimes lax, when addressed to no more like that for which they were first I has a wife and twa wee laddies,

graver questions : but it must ever be con intended, than the tree, which some laborious They maun hae brose and brats o duddies.

sidered from whose mouth these expressions Cincinnatus of a cit has trimmed into the shape Ye ken yourself, my heart right proud is,

come; and if we admit of the character being of a peacock, is like that which has grown up in

drawn at all, we must admit that the author all the unconfined and vigorous luxuriance of
But I'U sped besoms thraw saugh-woodies,
Before they wanti'

has not transgressed the bounds of fidelity in its native forest. All the first feelings of our On one occasion, however, he takes a higher his portraiture. The first volume, in parti- nature in early life become the subjects of tane. There is a certain stigma," says he to cular, is a proof of Mr. Beazley's high

talents punishment or reproof: the buoyancy of our Bishop Geddes

, in the name of 'exciseman; and convinces us, that in this class of writing youthful spirit is curbed, because it encroaches but I do not intend to borrow honour from any he may become extremely popular. It is only on the conventional forms of society. Natural profession, which may, perhaps, remind the after the introduction of his principal, per enthusiasm is repressed and shamed with the Sounder of Gibbon's lofty language, on finally sonage (at the end of it), that we doubt

his stigma of eccentricity; and the whole system quitting the learned and polished circles of being found so agreeable. Moral anatomy may of our education is an attempt to put the heart London and Paris, for his Swiss retirement : be as useful as physical, but just as detestable in an ice-pail, and to treat it as we do our

I am top modest, or too proud, to rate my for close inspection. A lover who enacts the Champagne, without considering that, though
value by that of my associates." Burns, in his engineer, a Vauban of the heart -- one who coldness may improve the wine, it is certain to
perpetual perambulations over the moors of calculates his own feelings, resources, and deteriorate the man. All our first lessons of
Dumfries-shire, had every temptation to en-
counter which bodily fatigue, the blandish culloch, Esq., who, being at this period a very young upon the leaf of the sensitive plant. It shrinks

• " These particulars are from a letter of David Mac- life come upon the heart, as the rude hand mnents of hosts and hostesses, and the habitual gentleman, a passionate admirer of Burns, and a capital within itself, ashamed of the feelings which it manner of those wbo acted along with him in ingegnere many accompany the one protectional is thus compelled to bury within its own limits; இந்த விபத்தy of she pralar, eagle preseps Hel areurians,"

antes hajam, to scompany the post on his prokgaloma, and hinding no outlet for there, they perish, in

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time, for want of use, as a limb will become coal-merchants, or wine-merchants, or school- presentation and the drawing-room. By the contracted, and wither and die for want of masters and mistresses :—the three grand re- help of her various professors, she had com. exercise. It is this which gives such a same- sources for all ruined people who wish to pletely succeeded in giving her pupils that ness to society. It is this which prevents that redeem their fortunes. If a husband dies, which the French call tournure that air dis. individuality of character which made the leaving a widow with an unprovided family, tingué which pleases and impresses the mind, heroes, the lovers, and the friends of the her friends immediately project a ladies' esta- without our knowing why, and which fre

golden age.' All is now conventional form blishment; and with a partial knowledge of quently bears the palm of admiration away and outward ceremony. Friendships are made her own language, and even that of the most from beauty itself. The first thing, according or broken as these forms prescribe, and are moderate kind, she sets up for a teacher of all; to Mrs. Dashington's system of education, seldom strong enough to abide the storm of and with the assistance of some French demirep, was “ manner'-the second thing was 'manadversity—to stand the test of ridicule —or whose morals and conduct have driven her ner,' and the third thing was ' manner :' thus the influence of etiquette. Love is no longer from her own country; or, perhaps, as has every thing was sacrificed to its attainment. the buoyant, pure, and generous passion, that been the case more than once, a French femme The whole of her ethics consisted in doing has excited the hearts which experienced it to de chambre, for a mistress of French ; a French every thing like a woman of fashion : her the greatest actions to accomplish its gratifica- valet for a dancing-master ; and a profligate pupils sang and danced with the most ex. tion; but is a mere word generally used, only Italian refugee for a professor of music;—sets quisite taste and judgment-but they sang and because it is found in the vocabulary of our up a school, in which our English girls, of a danced like ladies, and not like professors. In language with a particular meaning attached certain caste, are to be fitted for wives and short, it was a universal observation, that a to it, as certain law-terms are still in vogue, mothers. The poor children of every friend young lady who had enjoyed the advantages of although the spirit which rendered them neces of the widow, and of all her friends' friends, Mrs. Dashington's establishment was never sary has long since expired. Like those who, are put in requisition, till a sufficient number known to utter a sound of discord-in her by artificial light, put out that of the day, so is collected to furnish an income; and many music, or commit a faux pas—in a minuet or have we, by borrowed forms and fashions, de-a fortune is made by the savings from the a quadrille. As to principles and temper, they stroyed the sun-light of our own natural and board, by profit on books, and forfeited silver were beneath the consideration of an arisbest feelings :

forks and spoons, and by the charges for edu-tocratic school-mistress; and as the end of her And love's and friendship's finely pointed dart cating these little urchins, who may be con education was merely to procure husbands for Fall blunted from each indurated heart.

sidered fortunate, if they return home as her pupils, why, if their principles and tem. In short, love, friendship, feeling of every kind, empty-headed as they came. This is not at pers held out till they were married, the end are all under the prescriptive rules of society. all a caricature description of the origin and was accomplished ; and it was the husband's Young men are educated with the view to formation of most of those establishments to business to preserve and keep or endure them making or increasing their fortune by mar- which is intrusted the education, and conse- afterwards. riage ; and young women, with no other idea quently the happiness and virtue, of those to “ And here, by the by, a word or two on than that of forming an establishment. This whom parents look for the comfort of their old the propriety and regulation of establishments is, perhaps, more applicable to the latter than age; as might easily be discovered, were the of this kind. They are, of course, generally to the former ; since the very first lesson a numerous professors of French, music, and kept by needy persons; and those persons are woman receives, is to disguise her real senti- dancing, who figure away at ladies' establish- but too apt to lie under pecuniary and other ments: this engenders artifice ; artifice, in ments and finishing schools in and near Lon- obligations, which they are willing enough time, annihilates the feeling which originally don, compelled to produce certificates of cha- to return by invitations to all the little fétes existed; and instead of the noble, generous racters and occupations in their own country. which the nature of their occupation enables nature of woman--for her nature is noble and Such schools as these are, however, only for them, and, in some instances, requires them, generous - we have the sophisticated pieces of the commonalty—for the second-rate citizen to give. By these means, young women are animated wax-work, which form the aggregate and tradesman--for the petit placeman, and brought in contact with persons of the other sex, of female society; fair and pure to look upon, all those of contined income. These are the whom they never could have met at the houses as the drifted snow, and generally quite as only persons who are now taken in by the of their parents : and while the youthful mind cold.”

promises of these advertising dealers in edu- is too fresh in life, and too unhackneyed in the We cannot, however, agree to the extent of cation.

conventional distinctions of society, to place a the author's deductions from these premises- “ In this wide metropolis-this epitome of proper value upon rank and equality of worldly only in this: “ There is, however, a medium the world at large this congregation of vice circumstances, they are but too open to the between the coldness of mere conventional and virtue—this grand union of contraries of impression which a pleasing exterior and adpropriety, and the unrepressed exuberance of all descriptions—there are times, places, and dress, and agreeable conversation, intermixed nature. ''Let a sound judgment be placed as a people, to meet all circumstances and situa. with a little Hattery, is too likely to be made by sentinel upon the feelings, and they will be tions. Here are decayed people of fashion, or the first man who has ever talked to her as more likely to lead to happiness than if totally distant and collateral branches of gentility, as though she were, and has made her feel that she repressed.' We would have women creatures well as bankrupts of the middling orders of was, a woman. There

are, in consequence, of nature, as well as of education : we would society, who undertake the care and culti- few of these establishments in which there is have their hearts as well as their heads culti- vation of the female mind, or rather the re- not a great danger of a young woman's formvated, and not find them as they now too gulation of their manners and persons ; al- ing connexions which can never be pleasing to often'are,—flowers, like those discovered by though they will never sully their establish their more ambitious parents ; for while there our late travellers to the North Pole, beautiful ment with any other than the scions of no- are idle and briefless barristers, with wit to the eye, but enclosed in an icicle which, in bility. Some of these undertake to bring enough to make themselves agreeable -- young melting, destroyed them.”

out two or three young ladies who may be officers, with sufficient dash and gallantry to To exhibit this, Amelia and Agnes, two deprived of their parents; and contrive, by the captivate the female heart - and wealthy sisters, are contrasted; the former, the child addition which this plan affords to their in- dandy sons of merchants, with power to com. of fashionable tuition--the latter, of natural come, still to keep their place in society, and mand opera-boxes for the duenna of the estaimpulses. A contrast of old and new times to make their houses still the resort of people blishment — there will always be a crowd of would better suit our purpose of illustration; of fashion. Others, again, make a more open young men who will flock to a "Airtation but, alas ! it is too long, and we can only refer, display of their pretensions to educate; and general,' with young ladies of a rank in life for it, to p. 73 et seg. Vol. 1.

, while we quote though they despise the drudgery of teaching whom they could never meet with by any other some shrewd and clever remarks on Finishing the young idea how to shoot, profess to finish means than their acquaintance with the school. Schools" and female education.

young ladies of fashion in all the elegant ac- mistress. This fault, and a most dangerous " of what class of society in general do complishments of the concert, the ball, and the one it is

, exists in all the gradations of these these schoolmasters and mistresses consist ?-drawing-room. Of these, Mrs. Dashington establishments ; and, in many cases, the foundTo whom is it that we intrust the sacred had attained the greatest celebrity. A year oration of those unequal alliances, which em. charge of forming the young minds of our two's initiation was sure to give the stamp of bitter so many parents' hearts

, and disappoint children, and giving

them that stamp, which fashion to any one who was fortunate enough so many expectations, have had their origin is to influence their passage through life? to enjoy her protection. Her establishment in these schools of embryo coquetry—in these Why, principally, broken-down tradesmen, or was to young women, not educated at home, scenes of incipient firtation. Those who imaprofessional men and their wives ; who, having what the university is to young men ; and the gine the room appropriated to study in Mrs. failed in their original calling in life, have no young ladies who had graduated in it were Dashington's establishment to resemble any other means of support lett thiay becoming considered at once fil for all the honours of thing like a common school, would be mont!

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