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From the path on the west side at a lower level :268. Henry Howell, of Birmingham, drowned at San Vicenzo, 30 May, 1875, a. 52. 269. Helen, d. of Joseph and Elizabeth Schofield, ob. 30 May, 1875.

270. Cornelia Amory Goddard Loring, of Boston, Mass., b. 27 Sept., 1810; ob. 15 May, 1875.

271. Ina, d. of Ross Saulter and Mary Holden, ob. 19 May, 1875, a. 18.

272. Richard Gibbons, Captain 60th Royal Rifles, 2nd s. of the late Sir John Gibbons, Bart., of Stan: well Place, Midd., b. 27 Ap., 1807; ob. 26 Ap., 1875. 273. Louisa, widow of David Olyphant King, ob. 18 Dec., 1874.

274. Frederica, youngest d. of the late Rev. James Williams, A.M., of Pendley Manor, Herts, b. at Tring Park, Herts, 27 Feb., 1857; ob. 27 Jan., 1875. 275. Harwick, eldest s. of Richard Doncaster, Esq., of Middlethorpe, Newark, Notts, late Captain in H.B.M.'s Royal Body-Guard, ob. 7 Jan., 1875, a. 37.

276. Wm. Fawcett, of Mossgill House, Westmorland, ob. 17 Dec., 1874, a. 75.

277. Harriet, 2nd d. of John Croft Brooke and Mary his w., of Ansthorpe Lodge, Yorks, b. 18 Jan., 1830; ob. 28 Nov., 1874.

278. Elizabeth Collins Hanchett, relict of Capt. M. Hanchett, R.N., d. of the Rev. C. Rigbye Collins, of Bath, Somt., and of Sidmouth, Devon, ob. 23 Aug., 1874.

279. Henry Dorr Child, b. 1821, in Boston, U.S. A., ob. 1874. Erected by Addison Child.

280. William, youngest s. of the late George Washington Tremlett, of Bristol, ob. 28 Ap., 1874,

a. 24.

G. S. PARRY, Lieut.-Col.

18, Hyde Gardens, Eastbourne.

(To be continued.)

THE STRAND HOTEL.-There is an interesting revival of an old name in the impending erection on the site of Exeter Hall of a huge hotel which the prospectus announces as "The New Strand Hotel." The name is associated with an earlier undertaking, much on the same lines, but situated immediately east of St. Mary-le-Strand, a site almost entirely absorbed into the widened Strand. The Strand Hotel Company (capital 100,0007.), having purchased a lease of the site of Lyon's Inn, sold in December, 1862, the building material, &c., of this and the adjoining property. (See Some Account of the Parish of St. Clement Danes,' by John Diprose, i. 180, ii. 153; Walks and Talks about London,' by Timbs, pp. 1-7. The information in Old-Time Aldwych, the Kingsway,' &c., by "Charles Gordon," is only a repetition of Diprose's data.)

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The clearance involved by this and subsequent purchases to 22 March, 1864, included the fold Dog Tavern," and the total area provided was for a southern block having frontages of 68 ft. in the Strand and 68 ft.

10 in. to Holywell Street; and a northern block having frontages of 191 ft. 6 in. to and 180 ft. to Holywell Street. The buildWych Street, 13 ft. 2 in. to Newcastle Street, ings planned for these sites included 24 shop properties and a huge public hall, 145 ft. by 67 ft., having communication in the basement with the Strand frontage. Above the shops and hall, the hotel-a superstructure of four floors-would provide nearly 300 rooms. There is a copy of the prospectus in the Guildhall Library.

The scheme for several reasons did not succeed. The hall and its connecting subway, the shops, and the mezzanine floor were built, but not completed when building operations ceased :

"The buildings, exposed to the elements, commenced to decay; massive walls, lofty pillars reaching to the roof, across which are giant girders of mighty weight and size, are all mouldering to a state of ruin. The site of Lyon's Inn is still the seat of desolation and decay."—Diprose, i. 182.

Except for the completion of the shops, the first important utilization of the site was the building in 1868 of the Globe Theatre. It was opened on 28 November under the management of Mr. Sefton Parry. Almost immediately afterwards part of the huge cellar or excavation that was intended for the public hall was fitted as a theatre, and on 29 Oct., 1870, the Opéra Comique was opened with 'Les Prés Saint Gervais,' by Sardou, performed by the company from the Théâtre Déjazet.

The subsequent history of these two theatres need not be detailed. Neither was of importance, although at both several memorable successes were attained; but the Globe was too small, and the Opéra Comique too much handicapped by position. Its front entrance for stalls and balcony was in the Strand, whence the mirror-lined tunnel led to the auditorium. Access to the gallery was obtained from Wych Street; and all those behind the footlights found their way thither through a narrow doorway in Newcastle Street. When the final clearance came, and these theatres, with all their neighbourhood, fell under the Holborn to Strand Improvement, the building material of the Opéra Comique was sold in 55 lots on 31 Jan., 1901, and that of the Globe on 12 May, 1903.

The shop property was generally successful after 1870. With the Holywell Street frontage of the southern block Messrs. W. & A. Denny were associated until the end. Journalism was represented in the Strand front by The London Reader and

England; but the Wych Street side, subject to many vicissitudes, was at different times used as a pantechnicon, cheap lodginghouse, and offices under the title of St. Mary's Chambers.

Although the improvement is now complete, and it only requires new buildings to efface entirely all recollection of the old, it is still possible to see recumbent on the declivities of the island site two brick piers with stuccoed rustic ornamentation, which may be authoritatively identified as relics of that ill-judged scheme the Strand Hotel. ALECK ABRAHAMS.

'OLD MOTHER HUBBARD ':

ITS AUTHOR.

а

-There are 37 editions of this old nursery rime in the British Museum Library, ranging from the second in 1806 to 1892, and including two translations in 1860 [?] -one into Danish, and the other into Dutch. There is also a sequel by W. F., which is a copy of the style in every respect. In recently published book we get the author's name from a copy of the first edition, which is of sufficient interest to be chronicled in N. & Q.' At Kitley, Yealmpton, co. Devon, the seat of the Bastard family, is a small volume, about four inches square, illustrated with little woodcuts. Inside the

book is this note :

"Original Presentation Copy of Mother Hubbard,' written at Kitley by Sarah Catherine Martin, and dedicated to John Pollexfen Bastard, M.P. Mother Hubbard was, as is believed, the housekeeper at Kitley at that time."

Then follows the dedication :

"To J. [P.] B. Esq. M.P. County of......at whose suggestion and at whose House these Notable Sketches were designed, this Volume is with all suitable deference Dedicated by his Humble Servant, 8. C. M. Published 1 June 1805."-Warner's "History of Yealmpton,' p. 94.

The initial P. does not occur in the second

edition, consequently I have placed it in brackets. It is possible the skit was understood by the members of the family at the time, though the meaning is now lost.

The dedication of the sequel is as follows: "To P. A. County of......at whose suggestion these Notable Sketches were designed: This Volume is with all suitable deference Dedicated by her most Tumble Servant, W. F."

The text and illustrations are quite equal ́o the original.

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AYEAHR.

RUSHLIGHTS.-An old man living at Horley in the beginning of this century remembered the cast-iron dish in use for holding the grease through which rushes were drawn "a dozen times backwards and forwards." It rested on what he called

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bran-dogs." I have a rough sketch of this, drawn from his description. Confirmative of this, Aubrey, in 1673, says that at Ockley in Surrey" the people draw peeled rushes through melted grease, which yields a sufficient light for ordinary use, is very cheap and useful, and burns long.' These rushlights were fixed in stands made for the purpose, some of which were high, to stand in the ground, and some low, on the table. These stands had an iron part something like a pair of pliers, and the rush was shifted forward from time to time as it burnt down in the two closing parts that held it (see Cobbett's Cottage Ecoup mostly by rushlight," and he did not find nomy'). Cobbett was bred and brought The rush-holder was in some parts known that he saw less clearly than other people. "Tom Candlestick,' an upright pole, &c., with pincers at its head to hold candles (Hodgson MS., quoted in Heslop's 'Northumberland Glossary'; see also examples in the City Museum, Guildhall).

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used to gather the rushes late in summer. Decayed labourers, women and children As soon as they were cut they were flung into water and kept there; otherwise they would dry and shrink, and the peel would not run, that is, the bark could not be stripped from the pith. Of this bark, however, one small strip was left to hold the pith together. When peeled, they must be bleached on grass and take the dew for some nights, after which they were dried in the sun (see Southey's Commonplace Book,' 2nd series, p. 350). Rushlights were known to the Romans (vide Fosbroke's Encyclopædia of Antiquities,' vol. i. p. 229; and Pliny, xvi. 37).

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J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL.

"THE UPPER THAMES."-It may be worth noting that under the new division of the river between the Port of London authority and a new Board for "the Upper

Thames," the latter term will mean the of London used to extend to Staines, and river above Teddington. Formerly the Port the law of the Thames in several mattersas, for example, fishery and the towingpath-is and will continue different below Staines from what it is above. Once upon a time, however, there were two bodies of rulers, afterwards brought together in the Conservancy; and the Upper Thames Navigation meant the river above a much higher point than Staines itself, probably not always the same point-at one time Reading.

D.

Queries.

WE must request correspondents desiring in formation on family matters of only private interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that answers may be sent to them direct.

Any other particulars of the Dorset family
of Somers and its connexion with the
Bellamys would be gratefully received.
A. M. BROADLEY.

The Knapp, Bradpole, Bridport.

WINDLE FAMILY.-Can any of your SIR GEORGE SOMERS, 1554-1610.-On the Windle family at the end of the eighteenth readers give me information about the 25th of this month, the 299th anniversary century? of the shipwreck which brought about the from Lancashire, and used for arms Azure, I believe they came originally colonization of the Bermudas, a handsome a lion rampant argent; crest, a demi-lion, memorial brass, by Singers of Frome, will in the dexter paw a shield; and they quarbe unveiled in the historic church of White-tered Maxwell of Monreith. Replies may church Canonicorum, Dorset, where the be sent to me direct. gallant sailor Sir George Somers was buried MRS. SAINTHILL. in July, 1611. The funds for its erection have been collected by General Sir H. Le Guay Geary, K.C.B., ex-Governor of Bermudas, the Rev. H. Stubbs, and the Rev. A. Welch, the last being the present Vicar of Whitechurch. The Bermudians contemplate a Somers pageant for the approaching tercentenary.

Somers is essentially a Dorset worthy. He was M.P. for Lyme Regis in 1603-4, and Mayor of that town in 1605. His heart was buried in the Bermudas, but his nephew Matthew Somers brought his body home, and the entry of its burial is clearly recorded in the Whitechurch registers. In all probability he was interred below the chantry which belonged to his manor house of Bearne or Berne, and is now used as a vestry. A great portion of Somers's abode is still in existence, although the front is modernized. Besides the Whitechurch property, he left three messuages in Lyme Regis and the manor of Upwey, alias Waybay House." His estate was bequeathed to Matthew Somers, although a cousin Nicholas Somers was stated heir-at-law. There are portraits of Somers and his wife in existence, painted by Vansomer.

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East Worlington, N. Devon.

AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.—
Guests of the ages, at To-morrow's door
Why shrink we? The long track behind us lies;
The lamps gleam and the music throbs before,
Bidding us enter; and I count him wise
Who loves so well man's noble memories,
He needs must love man's nobler hopes yet more.
ANGUS MACDONALD.

Where can I find the line (referring to onion in a salad)—

And, half detected, animate the whole?
ALFRED Webb.

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F. G. H.

I am anxious (1) to discover whether Sir George Somers married once or twice, MASON OF STAPLETON, GLOUCESTERSHIRE. as the name of his wife is stated to be-Wanted information of the ancestors of Joanna, whereas on the portrait she is described as Winifred; (2) to be able to identify clearly the manor of Upway, "alias Weybay [sic] House"; (3) to learn some details of Rose, daughter of Sir George Somers, and of her marriage to a member of the Bellamy family, as the Somers portraits are still in possession of their descendants or kinsmen; and (4) to ascertain if any descendants of Matthew or Nicholas Somers are in existence. (5) If Sir George Somers married twice, it would be interesting to know whether his daughter was the child of Joanna or Winifred Somers.

Dr. Joseph Mason of the parish of Stapleton, Gloucestershire, born 1711, died 28 Sept., 1779. He married three times, his third wife being Sarah Collins, b. 1709. He owned much property in the neighbourhood of Bristol, and was a great philanthropist. Arms used by him: lion rampant gules. Is there any mention of him in the Rev. Francis Bromby's 'Hist. Norfolk,' William Mason of Necton Hall bearing the same crest ? No information required of the descendants of the above Dr. Mason.

What arms were borne by Robert Mason, Lord of the Manor of Tedstone Delamere,

Herefordshire, b. 1621, d. April, 1684, mar-
ried Hester ? George Mason, supposed
son of above, of Allensmore Manor, d. 1720,
married Dorothy Crump, daughter of Sir
Richard Crump.
P. M. M. C.

Wanted also the date of marriage of Mary, dau. of William Amphlett of Clent, to William Cox of Claines, a grandson of Thomas Cocks of Claines. A reference is made in the pedigree of Bague of Brettell and Swynford to Thomas Cocks, but I cannot find it.

The name Coxe is so differently spelt in apparent branches of the same family, it is difficult to connect from one generation to another. The family of Cocks are said to have migrated from Kent temp. Henry VIII., when they were of some importance. Would this be Cocks Hall, near Sandgate ?

P. M. M. C.

COL. MOMPESSON.-Could you tell me anything about Col. John Mompesson, of the King's or 8th Regiment of Foot, and Lieutenant-Governor of the Isle of Wight? He died 3 Oct., 1768, aged 46, and was buried in Weaverham Church. A tablet to his memory was erected by Jenny Gambier and Frances Oliver, his only surviving daughters. I should be glad to know whether any representatives of this family are living, and also whether they are con- EARLY LAW TERMS.-In going through nected with the well-known Mompesson the earlier Feet of Fines one meets with Vicar of Eyam. FRANCIS LONG. plaintiff, deforciant, deforciant, impedient, tenant, Weaverham Vicarage, Northwich. claimant, querent, &c., as descriptive of the DICKENS ON HALF-BAPTIZED."-In 'The legal relationship of the parties concerned Old Curiosity Shop,' ch. xlvii., the single ticular one of these terms can any inference in the lawsuit. From the use of any pargentleman asks Mrs. Nubbles about her children, be drawn as to (1) the exact family relation"Are they christened?" and receives the answer, "Only half-baptized ship of the parties (father, son, parties as yet, sir," whereupon he says, "I'm god-contracting marriage), (2) the character of father to both of 'em." What does this the case (friendly or otherwise), (3) the nature mean? Does it refer to a private baptism of this action at law, i.e., whether a matter in contrast to the reception into the Church of dower, sale, pure gift, a younger son's afterwards? Of this, I think, there has portion, a son's allowance during the life been no other indication. of his father, a grant for limited term, &c. ? DEN A GERNOW.

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LAWRENCE PHILLIPS.

Sibson Rectory, Atherstone.

COXE OF CLENT AND SWYNFORD, CO. WORCESTER.-I wish to learn the connexion between Coxe of Clent and Swynford, and Thomas Cox of Crowle, eldest son of Thomas Cocks of Bishops Cleeve, who died 1601. He married Elizabeth Holland (Lancashire), and left ten sons and three daughters. The sons appear to have owned properties in various parts of Worcestershire and Herefordshire. Thomas Coxe of Clent married Elizabeth, dau. of Rotton(?), co. Warwick. John Coxe, his eldest son, born Feb., 1578, d. 1644, married Dorothy, dau. of John Nash of Rushock, Elizabeth, dau. of John Vernon, Rector of Hanbury, Cheshire, and died 1705, aged seventy-five. They were both buried in Clent Church, and there is a monument to their memory. Their eldest son John was living in 1750. Whom did he marryMary Dickings? His sister Susannah married Edward Ingram of Clifton-on-Teme, co. Worcester, and a son Joseph, a barrister, bapt. March, 1677, d. 1737, is buried in Kidderminster.

co. Worcester. Their son John Coxe married

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manorial privilege." What is the meaning MSS. Comm.) Mr. R. L. Poole refers to an of 66 thurcet " ? In Letter xxvi. the word appropriation by Bishop Peter of Exeter in the same context is spelt thurset." of the church of Wydecombe to the Dean Is it a misprint for thew, an old law term, and Chapter, dated 3 Feb., 1283/4; and which is rendered in the Promptorium' by in a note states, regarding the bishop's collistrigium" ? A. L. MAYHEW. surname, that "the spelling in the Register Oxford. (f. xxv.) is unmistakably Quinel."

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"THE PROTECTOR'S HEAD," INN SIGN.I once read an old novel; the title I cannot remember, but the time in which the characters flourished was the middle of the seventeenth century. An inn is mentioned therein whose sign was "The Protector's Head." Are any such signs known to have been in existence during the rule of Oliver Cromwell? ASTARTE.

MILTON AND CHRIST'S COLLEGE, CAM-
BRIDGE. I have read somewhere that
Milton was 66
vomited" out of his college.
Can any one give me the reference ?
STAPLETON MARTIN.

The Firs, Norton, Worcester.

"MESCHIANZA.”—In a biography of 'Rebecca Franks,' by Max J. Kohler, A.M., LL.B., New York, 1894, the following passage

In the same gentleman's Report on the MSS. of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter (ibid., p. 50) mention is made of a grant of about the year 1160, by Probushomo son of Segar, to two saddlers, Richard and William, of land in St. Martin's Street, one of the witnesses being Alfred Quinel, concerning whose name a note is appended stating that "both here and in No. 49 the name is clearly Quinel, not Quiuel," No. 49 being the record of a grant dated 12 March, 1263, by John of Henleg' to Richard de Boscoarso (probably Brentwood), of a shop "in magno vico Exonie," and a tenement between that shop and the wall by which the churchyard of St. Peter is enclosed, and which extends from the chapel of SS. Simon and Jude westward to the house of John Quinel, chaplain of St. Peter the Little, eastward (ibid., 69).

As regards the two latter persons, their name may or may not have been Quinel, as Mr. Poole reads it; but with regard to Bishop Peter, his name has for many years been written Quivel, Quivil, or Quivell, as in Jenkins's Hist. Exeter, ed. 2 (1841), to distinguish a written u from an n in early p. 249. Seeing how difficult it usually is MSS., those interested in the Devonshire "The Meschianza was a gorgeous fête given to diocese would doubtless be glad of some General Howe before his departure from Phila-information as to the nature of the distincdelphia in 1778, and at which Major André was a tion in the case under consideration which presiding genius." enables Mr. Poole to state with absolute certainty that the familiar Quivil is to give place to the unfamiliar Quinel. JAMES DALLAS.

Occurs:

What is the origin of the word "Meschianza ? ISRAEL SOLOMONS.

"COCK-FOSTER. 99 The Athenæum of 30 May, p. 663, has some interesting references to cockpit."

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VIGO BAY, 1702-19.-Can any one inform 'N.E.D.,' in connexion with the word me as to the best authorities to consult with regard to the English regiments engaged, and their lists of killed and wounded, at the actions at Vigo Bay, viz., in 1702, under Sir George Rooke, and in 1719, under, I think, General Stanhope? R. M.

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66 cocker," has one who breeds or trains game-cocks"; 'd. fig. to foster, indulge (an appetite, idea, hope, evil, &c.)"; also N.E.D.' has "Cock-master. One who rears game-cocks." Holden's Directory,' dated 1805, has London, 66 West-farmer and cock-foster, Endfield-chace." Does the word" cock-foster appear in any glossary? H. J. B. PETER QUIVEL, BISHOP OF EXETER.-In his Report on the MSS. of the Bishop of Exeter published last year ('Report on MSS. in Various Collections,' vol. iv. p. 18, Hist. |

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STUFFED CHINE.-In which of the English counties is the comestible known as "stuffed chine prepared? Is it restricted to the shires, where the Danes settled in great numbers ? A Leicestershire lady tells me that it and frumerty are eaten at sheepshearing suppers in Leicestershire, or were while old customs were kept up. N. U.

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