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LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 11, 1908.
NOTES:-Edward Sharpham and Robert Hayman, 21-
QUERIES:-Sir George Somers, 1554-1610-Windle Family
Protector's Head," Inn Sign-Milton and Christ's College,
NOTES ON BOOKS:-English Local Government'
Notices to Correspondents.
EDWARD SHARPHAM AND
me to find that Colehanger was a manor in the parish of East Allington, near Kingsbridge a fact, indeed, already stated in Lysons's Magna Britannia: Devonshire,' Part II. p. 6, and in Hutchinson's 'Notable Middle Templars' (1902), p. 222. By the help of the Rector of East Allington, the Rev. J. J. Mallock, I then obtained various entries from the parish register relating to his family, in particular that of Edward Sharpham's baptism. These are as follows: Sharpham the sonne of Mr Richard Sharpham & 1576. The xxvjth of July was baptized Edward Marye his wyffe.
1579. The x of May was baptized Susanna Sharpham the daughter of Mr Richard Sharpham and Mary his wyfe.
1581. The xxixth day of August Mr Richard Sharpham was buryed.
and widow of
From the Visitations of Devon' (Vivian), 1895, p. 484, I learnt that “ Mary, dau. of Sharpham," was married on 2 Oct., 1582, at Cornworthy, to Alexander Hexte of Staverton, third son of John Hexte of Kingston. Alexander Hexte had previously married Mary, daughter of Ellacott of Exeter, the marriage licence being dated 27 June, 1580, Exeter. Mr. Hext, as will be seen, after his marriage to Mary Sharpham, apparently came to reside at East Allington. Accordingly the following East Allington entries become of interest :
1583/4. The xixth of January was baptized George Hext the sonne of Mr Alexander Hext and Mary his wyfe.
1585/6. The vijth of March was baptized John Hext and Peter the sonnes of Mr Alexander Hext and M" Mary his wyfe.
Mr Alexander and Mary his wyfe was buryed.
1586. The xxth of June John Hext the sonne of
1586. The vith of July Peter Hext the sonne of Alexander Hext and Mr Mary his wyfe was buryed.
1588. The xiiii of July Mr Alexander Hext was
THE 'Dictionary of National Biography' contains a short account of the life of Edward Sharpham of the Middle Temple, based on the Middle Temple records and particulars obtained from his plays The Fleire,' by Edward Sharpham,' 1607, and Cupids Whirligig' (dedication signed "E. S.") of the same year. But the Dic-buryed. tionary gives neither the date of Sharp- As has been stated, Edward Sharpham ham's birth nor that of his death, being was admitted to the Middle Temple on content to say 'fl. 1607"; and it does not 9 Oct., 1594. We have no record of his identify "Colehanger," his Devonshire home. being called to the Bar. We hear that he Having been fortunate enough to find was fined 20s. for absence at Christmas, Sharpham's will at Somerset House (wrongly 1595, and again 20s. on 21 May, 1596, indexed under the name "Sharpman"), "for absence and being out of commons and having been thus enabled to make in Lent and during Mr. Johnsons Reading"; further researches, I am in a position to and after this no more till 1607. add a good deal to the general knowledge of Sharpham's life.
Among the Admissions to the Middle Temple we have, under date 1594, 9 Oct.," that of "Mr. Edward, third son of Richard Sharpham, late of Colehanger, Devon, gent., deceased." Edward Sharpham's will led
ance with the lives and characters of a kinge of England Scotland ffraunce and Ireland number of professional false-swearers well as of the details of legal procedure, such as could only have been obtained by some one who had constantly attended law courts. Further, the revelations about these shady characters are represented as being made on a walk from London to Exeter, and we have the various stages, (Hounslow, Basingstoke, Andover, Salisbury, Shaftesbury, Exeter), the inns to which the travellers went, and the sights they This is just the road Edward Sharpham must have known best. So I venture to think he was the author of the tract.
In 1607 appeared the two plays The Fleire,' by Edward Sharpham, and Cupids Whirligig' (dedication signed "E. S."), which, as was seen by Malone, is also undoubtedly Sharpham's. The latter play is dedicated by its author to "his much honoured, beloued, respected and judiciall friend Maister Robert Hayman.' 'D.N.B.' does not point out, as it might have done, that this Robert Hayman is, with little doubt, the Devonian Robert Hayman who was an early colonist of Newfoundland and Guiana, and who published in 1628 Quodlibets,' a collection of poems partly original, partly translations of the Latin epigrams of John Owen. The dedication to Hayman contains the tantalizing words, "Since our trauailes I have been pregnant with desire to bring forth something whereunto you may be witnesse." It would seem from this that, at some date before this, Hayman, who was born with the roving spirit, had had Sharpham, his fellow-Devonian and fellow-lawyer, as his companion. This fact, and the terms in which Sharpham here addresses Hayman, are a sign that there was something good in Sharpham, even though Ben Jonson told Drummond that Sharpham, Day, Dicker, were all rogues"; for no one can read Hayman's writings without recognizing in him a good, brave, and lovable man.
'The Fleire' was republished in 1610, 1615, and 1631; Cupids Whirligig' in 1611, 1616, and 1630; but no further works issued from the author's pen. The reason for this became clear on the discovery of Sharpham's will. He had died in 1608. The document is of sufficient interest to print in full. It is calendared 'Windebanck, 46" :
"In the name of God amen. The twoe and twentithe daie of Aprill one thowsand sixe hundred and eighte and in the yeares of the Raigne of oure sovereign Lorde James by the grace of god
defendor of the faithe &c. (that is to saie of Eng-
Probatum fuit Testamentu' suprascript apud London cora'......Magro Willmo Birde legum d'tore ....Nono die mensis Maij Anno......millesimo sexcentesimo octavo Juramento Willm' Gayton Executoris......"
I add a few notes on this will.
1. It appears that Sharpham had little to leave beyond his clothes; and as his chief heir was a tailor, I conclude that even his clothes had not all been paid for.
2. I may remark that a love of clothes is shown in Sharpham's plays: twice in "lined 'The Fleire' he describes a cloak as throughout.' through" or 3. He is still bound to Devonshire. He "of Allington," and describes himself as his legatees and overseers are chiefly of that county.
4. He makes no mention of his mother nor of elder brothers-who were perhaps dead-but leaves legacies to his half-brother George Hext and his brother-in-law (perhaps the husband of his sister Susanna) Richard Goteham. A George Hexte was Alderman of Dunhoved (Launceston) in 1620 ('Visitations of Cornwall,' Harl. Soc., ix. 281).
been disturbed, must now be lying in St. Margaret's Churchyard.
There is no probability in Hunter's suggestion that "Ed. Sharphell," whose verses To my beloued Master Iohn Davies' are prefixed to Davies's 'Humours Heau'n on was Edward Sharpham; Earth' (1605) and another suggestion that Sharpham wrote the Vision upon this his Minerva (signed "E. S.") in Peacham's 'Minerva Britanna,' 1612, is disproved by the now ascertained fact that Sharpham had then been dead four years.
I add a few lines on Robert Hayman, 5. Another legatee is " my Cosyn Bridgitt ffortescue." Perhaps Bridget Fortescue supplementary to the life of him given in the 'D.N.B.' He was matriculated at was the daughter of Roger Fortescue by Oxford from Exeter College on 15 Oct., Mary, daughter of R. Northleigh and preHayman, Robert: Devon, pleb. viously wife in succession to John Leigh 1590, as He must have been born, therefore, and to Martyn Hext, younger brother off. 11.” between 15 Oct., 1578, and 15 Oct., 1579. Sharpham's stepfather Alexander (Visitations of Devon,' ed. Vivian, 1895, Neither his father's name nor that of his pp. 200, 484). She seems to have lived at birthplace is known. I hoped I had found East Allington, as the registers of that a clue in four lines of Hayman's charming 1619, Bridget poem Of the Great and Famous, euer to parish record her burial: bee honoured Knight, Sir Francis Drake, PosFortescue was buried 1 November." and of my little-little Selfe' ('Quodlibets,' sibly a little romance attaches to the legacy Book IV. No. 7) :of the chain and diamond ring.
6. The Langworthys were a well-known Devonshire family, and there were some at East Allington.
7. There are monuments to the Rowpe or Roope family in the church of South Milton (Lysons, p. 341). See also Visitation of Devon, 1620,' under Roupe.' 8. One of the witnesses to the will is I imagine he may be the John Owen. epigrammatist whose work was translated by Sharpham's friend Robert Hayman.
This man when I was little, I did meete, As he was walking vp Totnes long Street, He ask'd me whose I was? I answer'd him. He ask'd me if his good friend were within? Nicholas Hayman, merchant, represented "Totness borough " in the Parliament of His 15 Oct., 1586 to 23 March, 1586/7. name does not appear on the roll of the Parliament of 12 Nov., 1588 to 29 March, 1589; "Nicholas Hayman but (probably the same) represented Dartmouth, Clifton, and Hardness in the Parliament of 19 Feb., It was clear from the fact of Sharpham 1592/3 to 10 April, 1593. Here, one might But the Robert's father. was "made his mark" instead of signing suppose, having his name that he was very ill when the will Vicar of Totnes, the Rev. T. H. Elliott, was executed on 22 April, 1608; and as it who has searched the registers from 1570 was proved on 9 May following, it was clear to 1586, tells me that the name of Robert that he had died in the interval. But Hayman is not to be found, though the where? From the fact that a notary of baptisms of five children of Nicholas HayWestminster witnessed the will I concluded man are recorded between 6 Nov., 1579, that Sharpham died in Westminster. A and 16 April, 1586. Possibly Robert Hayvisit to St. Margaret's Church confirmed man was born and baptized at the end of my conjecture. In the register of burials 1578, before Nicholas settled at Totnes. of that church, under the date April 23" Or he may have been not Nicholas's son, -the day after the will had been made- but his nephew, and have been merely visit was the name Edward Sharpham" written ing his uncle when he met the great Drake. in the large characters accorded in old Possibly the Dartmouth registers would registers to persons of superior station. throw light on Robert Hayman's birth. He must have died that day or the day before, and his remains, if they have not
With the help, however, of Mr. E. Windeatt of Bridgetown, Totnes, and the Rev.
J. E. Binney of the Close, Exeter, I have ascertained the date of Robert Hayman's marriage. Vivian's Visitations of Devon,' under the Spicer family, mentions Grace Spicer, bap. 12 November, 1579, at St. Martin's, Exeter; married 21st May, 1604, to Robert Hayman, at St. Petrock's, Exeter." The register of St. Martin's in recording Grace Spicer's baptism calls her the daughter of Thomas Spicer." The Rev. W. David, vicar of St. Petrock's, tells me that the register of the marriage has "Robert Haymon" (not" Hayman "). This, however, is immaterial. The Quodlibets' show that their author had an aunt Mrs. Eliz. Spicer of Exceter," and make it virtually certain that he is the Robert Hayman whose marriage is recorded in the "Visitations.'
As neither theQuodlibets
nor Robert Hayman's most interesting will (mentioned in the 'D.N.B.') makes any reference to wife or child, we may perhaps conclude that there was no issue of the marriage, and that Mrs. Hayman had died before ho settled in Newfoundland. In Newfoundland Hayman was settled at "HarborGrace" as Governor of the little colony there. Was the settlement (now one of the chief towns of Newfoundland) named after Hayman's lost wife?
The 'D.N.B.' biographer seems to have been unaware of an interesting paper by Robert Hayman contained in Egerton MS. 2541, which is wrongly dated 1630, but was written before Buckingham's assassination (23 Aug., 1628). It is a last plea for royal support of the Newfoundland colonists. Perhaps Buckingham's death led Hayman to lose all hope in this direction, and to turn his mind to a fresh attempt in Guiana. My attention was drawn to the paper by a reference in Prowse's 'History of Newfoundland.' G. C. MOORE SMITH. The University, Sheffield.
INSCRIPTIONS AT FLORENCE. (See 10 S. ix. 224, 344, 443.) THE following inscriptions complete those in the South-West Section of the old Protestant cemetery :
181. Agnes Cameron, w. of Alexander Mackintosh of Teaninich, Ross, Scotland, b. 28 March, 1844; ob. 7 Ap., 1874.
182. Catharine Straith, wid. of Lieut.-Col. Robert Macdonald, C.B., of 1st Royal Scots and 35th Regt., .ob. 3 Ap., 1874.
183. Timothy Haskard, 40 yrs. resident in Florence, ob. 25 March, 1874, a. 66.
184. Hiram Powers, ob. 27 June, 1873, a. 68.
185. Joseph Watson, of Gateshead-on-Tyne, ob. 24 June, 1873, a. 33.
ob. 16 May, 1877, a. 5. 186. Edward Willie, youngest child of Dr. Young,
187. Manning Kennard, b. in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 13 Aug., 1813; ob. 21 Dec., 1873.
188. Sarah Minturn Grinnell Watts, d. of Ridley and Sarah Minturn Watts, b. 10 July, 1854; ob. 25 March, 1873.
189. Rev. Wm. Boyd, M. A., minister of Mains and Strathmartine, Forfarsh., b. 30 Oct., 1840; ob. 2 Ap., 1873. 190. James Drummond Griffith, ob. 29 Dec., 1872, a. 43.
b. 20 March, 1829, in Glasgow; ob. 16 June, 1871. 191. Emma Roe, w. of Wm. Lachlan Shearwood, Removed, July 5, to Highgate Cemetery, London.
192. Anna Maria Cecilia, d. of Bentink Walter and the Hon. A. M. Yelverton. The only child of her mother, and she was a widow. Ob. 16 Ap., 1846, a. 13.
Anna Bingham. No date or other inscription. 193. Bentink Yelverton and his w.,
194. Maria Letitia Zaida Ffrench, d. of John, Lord Clanmorris, wid. of R. Ffrench, Esq., of Rahasane, co. Galway, ob. 28 Oct., 1832, in the bloom of youth and beauty.
195. Charles John Proby, for some time H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul in Florence, ob. 4 Jan., 1868, a. 52. conjugis | quod mortale fuit hic jacet. | Obitum ejus 196. Theodosia Trollope | T. Adolphi Trollope fleverunt omnes quantum autem fleri meruit vir eheu superstes | scit solus. Josefi Garrow, Arm. filia apud Torquay in agro Devon Anglorum nata Florentiæ nonum agens lustrum | ad plures abiit 13 die mensis Aprilis, A.D. 1865.
197. Richard Bratton Adair, late Captain R. British Artillery, ob. 27 Dec., 1863, a. 43.
198. Capt. James Johnston McCleverty, C.B., R.N., ob. 1 March, 1863, a. 52.
199. Joseph Garrow, Arm., of Braddon, Devon, b. in India, 1789; ob. 1857. 200. *
brother to the Earl of Shannon. 201. The Hon. Lieut. -Col. Gerald de Courcy, 4th s. of the Right Hon. John de Courcy, 26th Lord Baron Kingsale, and Susannah his w., ob. 20 Oct., 1848.
202. William Augustus Napier Kellett, late Lieut. 72nd Highlanders, only 8. of Capt. M. Napier Kellett, of Renfrewshire, ob. May, 18(5)3, a. 27.
203. Robert Napier Kellett, late Capt. Royal Highlanders, and nephew of Sir Rich. Kellett, Bt., ob. Nov., 18(5)3, a. (?).
204. Jemima, only d. of the late James Hunter, Esq., of Renfrewshire, and wid. of the late Capt. Napier Kellett, ob. 5 Sept., 1854, a. 50.
205. Augusta Jane, w. of Capt. J. H. Robley, ob. 28 Nov., 1868.
206. Orazia Augusta Robley, b. in Aldershot; ob. 5 Oct., 1850, a. 24, after 21 months' marriage with Col. Filippo Borghesi.
207. E. B. B., ob. 1861. No other inscription. 208. Fanny Waugh Hunt, w. of Holman Hunt, ob. 20 Dec., 1866, in the first year of her marriage.
209. The Hon. Elizabeth Carlyon de Courcy, d. of John Bishop, Esq., w. of the Hon. Lieut.-Col. Gerald de Courcy, ob. 15 Jan., 1855.
210. Caroline Buffar Cracklow, only d. of David and Mary Ann Cracklow, of Peckham, ob. 29 Aug., 1857, a. 25.
211. Thomas Browne, Esq., of London, b. at Hull ob. 22 Feb., 1858, a. 71.
212. Edmund Wm. Elton, 4th s. of the late Sir Charles A. Elton, Bt., b. 14 Dec., 1822; ob. 2 Dec., 1859.
213. Henry Yeames, ob. at Baden-Baden, 13 Sept., 1865, a. 71.
214. Margaret Ann Reynolds, ob. 25 June, 1870. 215. Eliza, 2nd d. of the late Simeon Thos. Bull, architect, of Holles St., London, and of Gordon House, Kentish Town, Midd., ob. 7 June, 1858, a. 29.
216. Eleanor Augusta Tulk. No date. 217. *Georgiana, w. of the Rev. John 3 Ap., 18(34?), a. 40.
218. Elizabeth, relict of Major-General Sir Lorenzo Moore, C.B., K.C.H., ob. 7 Dec., 1849, a. 70.
219. Mary Spencer Stanhope, h. 9 Nov., 1859; ob. 23 Feb., 1867.
220. Maria Dorothea, w. of Rich. Jaffray, Esq., of Kingswells, Aberdeenshire, ob. 20 Jan., 1859, a. 73.
221. John James, s. of Andrew Smith Duncan, Esq., b. at Bath; ob. at Florence, 16 May, 1861, a. 15 yrs. 7 mths.
222. John Fombelle, Esq., late of the E.I.Co.'s Bengal Civil Service, retired after a service of 34 yrs., ob. 24 Nov., 1849, a. 87.
223. Helen Florence, only ch. of Charles and Helen Oldham, b. at Rome, 20 Nov., 1844; ob. 6 Nov., 1845.
224. Helen, d. of the late Sir James Colquhoun, of Luss, Bt., w. of John Page Reade, Esq., of Stutton, Suff., ob. 17 Oct., 1852.
225. Fanny, for 23 yrs. w. of Wm. Wingfield Bonnin, C.E., of Buckingham St., Strand, ob. 31 Oct., 1867, a. 48.
226. Pauline. No other inscription.
227. Brevet-Major Charles Gregorie, late Capt. 13th Light Dragoons, ob. 16 Oct., 1858, a. 67.
228. Rev. Geo. Brickdall (C)rossman, ob. 27 Feb., 1854, a. 62.
229. Julia Eliza, youngest d. of William and Mary Ann Lowe, ob. 8 June, 1855, a. 13.
230. Henry Dunn, ob. 6 Feb., 1856, a. 34. 231. Samuel Lowe, ob. 20 Ap., 1877. a. 81. 232. Louisa Florence, inf. d. of Wm. and Henrietta Lowe, b. 22 Sept., 1857; ob. 17 Aug., 1858.
233. Henry Blackmore Low, 3rd s. of the late John Low, Esq., of Spring House, co. Tipperary, b. 21 March, 1833; ob. 7 March, 1846. Erected by his mother.
234. Luttie, s. of Antonio and Emma Arrighi, b. 4 Jan., 1873, in Delaware, Ohio; ob. 12 Nov., 1874. 235. Hugh Macdonnell, Esq., ob. June, 18(41?). 236. Joseph Anthony Pouget, 30 yrs. in the E.I.Co.'s service, ob. 25 July, 1833, a. 7(7?), leaving a widow and one son.
237. The Hon. Frances Tolley, relict of the late Major-General Henry Dunbar Tolley, C.B., b. 12 Jan., 1796; ob. 12 Dec., 1853.
238. Harriet, d. of Christopher B. and Elizabeth Ludlow, b. in New York, 1811; ob. 1860.
239. Dr. Delisser, ob. 4 May, 1844, a. 48. Adelaide Delisser, ob. 18 July, 1845, a. 13. Ellis Wm. Delisser, ob. 14 July, 1845, a. 19.
240. Geraldine Hathorn, 5th d. of M. H. Perceval, Esq., b. at Quebec, 25 Sept., 1822; ob. 15 May, 1849. Erected by her mother, Anne Mary Perceval.
241. Simon Halliday Johnstone, eldest s. of Wm. Gracie Johnstone, of Garrock, ob. 9 Feb., 1837. 242. Louise Catherine Adelaide, w. of Geo. B. Cumberland, Capt. 42nd Royal Highlanders, ob. 7 Dec., 1842, a. 26.
243. Montagu, ob. 1 Jan., 1842, a. 8 mths.; Emily, ob. 1 Ap., 1842, a. 16; children of Sir Charles and Lady Wake, of Courteen Hall, Northamptonshire. 244. Emily Wake, ob. 1 Ap., 1842, a. 16. Erected by her parents, Charles and Charlotte Wake.
245. Grenville Temple, Bart., ob. 18 Feb., 1829, a. 61. Placed by his children.
246. Sophia Ann, eldest d. of Capt. J. T. Coffin, R.N., ob. at Siena, 13 Sept., 1849, a. 14.
247. Anne Harris, ob. 3 Ap., 1830. 248. Capt. James Chute, 54th Regt., ob. 24 Nov., 1876, a. 37. Erected by his widow, Eleanor Chute.
The most westerly row of the S. W. Section :249. John Nesbitt Maxwell, Esq., M.D., A.M., Trin. Coll. Dublin, and F.R.C.S., Ireland, the last surviving member of the family of the late Robert Maxwell, Esq., of Clonleigh, co. Donegal, and Sumner Hill, Dublin, ob. 14 Feb., 1874, a. 67. Also his w., Susannah Fullerton Maxwell, ob. 19 Oct., 1876, a. 68.
250. Lillie, only ch. of Wm. S. and F. E. Nye, of Marietta, Ohio, ob. 15 Jan., 1873, a. 21.
251. Ida Augusta Roeneke, born Jackson, b. in London, 27 Dec., 1851; ob. 6 Jan., 1874. 252. Annie Woodhouse, d. of Lionel Read Place, Esq., ob. 3 Dec., 1873. a. 27.
253. Isabella Blagden, b. 30 June, 1816 ; ob. 20 Jan., 1873.
254. Maria, widow of Carlo Ernesto Susanni, youngest d. of Wm. Lister, Esq., M.D., b. 8 Dec., 1806 ob. 8 Jan., 1874.
255. Anna Maria, widow of Inman Horner, of Virginia, d. of the late Joseph Peace. of Philadelphia, b. at Charleston, S.C., 2 Jan., 1799; ob. 16 June,
256. Adrian Edward Somerset Marryat, late officer of the Rifle Brigade, ob. 25 Feb., 187(3?), a. 28. Arms: Barry of six, on a canton a fleur-de-lis, impaling Quarterly, 1 and 4, three fleurs-de-lis; 2 and 3, three leopards in pale.
257. Robert Nicholson, Esq., b. 6 Nov., 1814; ob. 10 Dec., 1872.
258. Charlotte Emilia, d. of the Rev. H. W. Plumptree. Rector of Eastwood, Notts, b. 24 March, 1843; ob. 22 Nov.. 1872.
259. Susan M. Dalton, b. in Boston, 25 Ap., 1833; ob. 6 Dec., 1875. 260. Sir David Dumbreck, K.C.B., b. in Aberdeenshire, 1805, Inspector-General of Army Hospitals, and Hon. Physician to the Queen. Present at Alma, Balaklava, and Inkerman, and at the siege of Sebastopol, for which he received the Crimean medal and four clasps, the Turkish medal, and knighthood of the Order of the Mejidie, ob. 24 Jan., 1876. Erected by his widow.
261. Jane Miller, née Dickson, widow of Wm. Conway Gordon, late of H.M.91st Regt., b. 18 Sept. 1824. ob. 27 Jan., 1876.
262. Elizabeth Anne, d. of the late Rev. Henry Morice, Vicar of Ashwell, Herts, Canon of Lincoln, ob. 27 May, 1876, a. 61.
263. The Rev. Henry Greene, ob. 5 An., 1876, a. 68. 264. Margaret Hoyle. w. of James Thompson, of Bradford, Yorks, b. 19 Sept., 1819, ob. 24 May, 1876. 265. Hugh Williams Jones, b. 8 Aug., 1843, ob. 27 Nov., 1876.
266. L.V.I., b. in Devonshire, ob. 14 Dec., 1876. Erected by the mother.
267. Mary Beatrice, d. of James and Helen McLeod, b. at Montreal, Can., 7 May, 1867, ob. 13 Jan., 1877.