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Notes.

EDWARD SHARPHAM AND

ROBERT HAYMAN.

PART I.

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me to find that Colehanger was a manor in the parish of East Allington, near Kingsbridge a fact, indeed, already stated in Lysons's Magna Britannia: Devonshire,' Part II. p. 6, and in Hutchinson's 'Notable Middle Templars' (1902), p. 222. By the help of the Rector of East Allington, the Rev. J. J. Mallock, I then obtained various entries from the parish register relating to his family, in particular that of Edward Sharpham's baptism. These are as follows: 1576. The xxvjth of July was baptized Edward Sharpham the sonne of Mr Richard Sharpham & Marye his wyffe.

1579. The x of May was baptized Susanna Sharpham the daughter of Mr Richard Sharpham and Mary his wyfe.

1581. The xxixth day of August Mr Richard Sharpham was buryed.

and widow of

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From the Visitations of Devon' (Vivian), 1895, p. 484, I learnt that Mary, dau. of Sharpham,' was married on 2 Oct., 1582, at Cornworthy, to Alexander Hexte of Staverton, third son of John Hexte of Kingston. Alexander Hexte had previously married Mary, daughter of Ellacott of Exeter, the marriage licence being dated 27 June, 1580, Exeter. Mr. Hext, as will be seen, after his marriage to Mary Sharpham, apparently came to reside at East Allington. Accordingly the following East Allington entries become of interest :

1583/4. The xixth of January was baptized George Hext the sonne of Mr Alexander Hext and Mary his wyfe.

1585/6. The vijth of March was baptized John Hext and Peter the sonnes of Mr Alexander Hext and Mr Mary his wyfe.

Mr Alexander and Mary his wyfe was buryed.

1586. The xxth of June John Hext the sonne of

1586. The vith of July Peter Hext the sonne of Alexander Hext and Mr Mary his wyfe was buryed.

1588. The xiiii of July Mr Alexander Hext was

THE 'Dictionary of National Biography' contains a short account of the life of Edward Sharpham of the Middle Temple, based on the Middle Temple records and particulars obtained from his plays The Fleire,' "by Edward Sharpham,' 1607, and Cupids Whirligig' (dedication signed "E. S.") of the same year. But the Dic-buryed. tionary' gives neither the date of Sharp- As has been stated, Edward Sharpham ham's birth nor that of his death, being content to say fl. 1607"; and it does not identify" Colehanger," his Devonshire home. Having been fortunate enough to find Sharpham's will at Somerset House (wrongly indexed under the name Sharpman"), and having been thus enabled to make further researches, I am in a position to add a good deal to the general knowledge of Sharpham's life.

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Among the Admissions to the Middle Temple we have, under date " 1594, 9 Oct.,' that of "Mr. Edward, third son of Richard Sharpham, late of Colehanger, Devon, gent., deceased." Edward Sharpham's will led

was admitted to the Middle Temple on 9 Oct., 1594. We have no record of his being called to the Bar. We hear that he was fined 20s. for absence at Christmas, 1595, and again 20s. on 21 May, 1596, 'for absence and being out of commons in Lent and during Mr. Johnsons Reading"; and after this no more till 1607.

46

It has occurred to me, however, that we may with some probability attribute to Edward Sharpham the authorship of the interesting tract of the " coney-catching class called 'The Discoverie of the Knights of the Post,' by "E. S.," which appeared in 1597. The tract shows a minute acquaint

ance with the lives and characters of a kinge of England Scotland ffraunce and Ireland number of professional false-swearers 88 well as of the details of legal procedure, such as could only have been obtained by some one who had constantly attended law courts. Further, the revelations about these shady characters are represented as being made on a walk from London to Exeter, and we have the various stages, (Hounslow, Basingstoke, Andover, Salisbury, Shaftesbury, Exeter), the inns to which the travellers went, and the sights they This is just the road Edward Sharpham must have known best. So I venture to think he was the author of the tract.

saw.

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defendor of the faithe &c. (that is to saie of England ffrau'ce and Ireland the sixth and of Scotland the one and fourtithe) I Edwarde Sharpham of Allington in the countie of Devon gent beinge sicke in bodye but of good and perfect memorie lawde and praise be therfore given vnto allmightye god doe make and ordeine this my last will and testament in manner & fourme: followinge (that is to saie) firste and principallie I give and commende my soule into the handes of allmightye god my Creator and Maker trustinge & moste assuredlye beleevinge in his mercye that throughe the merritts deathe and passion of his only sonne my Savior and Redeemer Jhesus Christe I have and shall have full and free Remission of all my synnes and after this transitorie lief ended everlastinge ioye in the In 1607 appeared the two plays The Kingdome of Heaven wch nevir shall have ende Fleire, by Edward Sharpham, and Cupids the earthe of whence it came to be buried in a Amen. Item I give and bequeethe my bodie to Whirligig (dedication signed "E. S."), Christian buriall at the discrec'on of my executor which, as was seen by Malone, is also un- and Overseers hereafter named. Item I geve doubtedly Sharpham's. The latter play is devise and bequeathe vnto William Gayton of dedicated by its author to his much Westm' in the countie of Midd Taylor all and honoured, beloued, respected and judiciall of money due and oweinge vnto me by any person or singuler my Apparell goods Chattells debts som'es friend Maister Robert Hayman.' The persons whatsoeu' by specialtye composic'on or other'D.N.B.' does not point out, as it might wise. Item I doe geve devise and bequeathe vnto have done, that this Robert Hayman is, my Broth' George Heckste my damosin coloured with little doubt, the Devonian Robert Cloake lyned throughe wth blacke velvett & my Hayman who was an early colonist of New-Rapier beinge hatched wth silver and a gyrdle and Hangers trymmed wth silver belonginge to the same foundland and Guiana, and who published Item I give devise and bequeathe vnto my Cosyn in 1628 Quodlibets,' a collection of poems Bridgitt ffortescue my Cheyne of small pearle and partly original, partly translations of the my goulde Ringe with the diamond_therin Item I Latin epigrams of John Owen. The dedica- give devise and bequeathe vnto my Brother in lawe Richard Goteham my rydinge Clothe cloake and tion to Hayman contains the tantalizing one Gyrdle and Hanger of Leather playne & vnwords, Since our trauailes I have been wroughte And I give devise and bequeathe vnto pregnant with desire to bring forth some- my Cosynne William Langworthie my pale Carnathing whereunto you may be witnesse." tion silke Stockings. And of this my last will and It would seem from this that, at some date testament I make nominate and appointe my before this, Hayman, who was born with well beloued the sayde William Gayton my fulle and whole Executor And I make and ordeine the roving spirit, had had Sharpham, his Robert Browne of Westm in the said Countie fellow-Devonian and fellow-lawyer, as his of Midd. Notary publicque and Thomas Rowpe companion. This fact, and the terms in of Milton in the County of Devon gent. Overseers which Sharpham here addresses Hayman, of the same desyringe them to see the Execuc'on are a sign that there was something good hilate and make voide all and everye other former thereof performed And I vtterlie revoke adniin Sharpham, even though Ben Jonson told Wills Testaments Legacies and bequests in any Drummond that Sharpham, Day, Dicker, wise by me heretofore made In wittnes whereof I were all rogues"; for no one can read have to this my last will and testament conteyninge Hayman's writings without recognizing in twoe sheetes of paper severallie putte my hande and sealle the daie and yeare firste of all written. him a good, brave, and lovable man. The marke of Edwarde Sharpham Signed sealled published and declared by the saide Edwarde Sharpeham to be his last will and testamt in the presence of John Owen Rob'te Browne No publique Robert Askewe.

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"The Fleire' was republished in 1610, 1615, and 1631; Cupids Whirligig' in 1611, 1616, and 1630; but no further works issued from the author's pen. The reason for this became clear on the discovery of Sharpham's will. He had died in 1608. The document is of sufficient interest to print in full. It is calendared "Windebanck, 46":—

"In the name of God amen. The twoe and twentithe daie of Aprill one thowsand sixe hundred and eighte and in the yeares of the Raigne of oure sovereign Lorde James by the grace of god

Probatum fuit Testamentu' suprascript apud London cora'......Magro Willmo Birde legum d'tore ..Nono die mensis Maij Anno......millesimo sexcentesimo octavo Juramento Willm' Gayton Executoris......"

I add a few notes on this will.

1. It appears that Sharpham had little to leave beyond his clothes; and as his chief heir was a tailor, I conclude that even his clothes had not all been paid for.

2. I may remark that a love of clothes is shown in Sharpham's plays: twice in 'The Fleire' he describes a cloak as lined through or "throughout."

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3. He is still bound to Devonshire. He describes himself as of Allington," and his legatees and overseers are chiefly of that county.

4. He makes no mention of his mother nor of elder brothers-who were perhaps dead-but leaves legacies to his half-brother George Hext and his brother-in-law (perhaps the husband of his sister Susanna) Richard Goteham. A George Hexte was Alderman of Dunhoved (Launceston) in 1620 ('Visitations of Cornwall,' Harl. Soc., ix. 281).

Hext

been disturbed, must now be lying in St. Margaret's Churchyard.

There is no probability in Hunter's suggestion that "Ed. Sharphell," whose verses To my beloued Master Iohn Davies' are prefixed to Davies's 'Humours Heau'n on Earth' (1605) was Edward Sharpham; and another suggestion that Sharpham wrote the Vision upon this his Minerva' (signed "E. S.") in Peacham's Minerva Britanna,' 1612, is disproved by the now ascertained fact that Sharpham had then been dead four years.

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PART II.

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5. Another legatee is " my Cosyn Bridgitt I add a few lines on Robert Hayman, ffortescue." Perhaps Bridget Fortescue supplementary to the life of him given in the 'D.N.B.' He was matriculated was the daughter of Roger Fortescue by Mary, daughter of R. Northleigh and pre- Oxford from Exeter College on 15 Oct., viously wife in succession to John Leigh 1590, as 'Hayman, Robert: Devon, pleb. He must have been born, therefore, and to Martyn Hext, younger brother off. 11." Sharpham's stepfather Alexander between 15 Oct., 1578, and 15 Oct., 1579. ('Visitations of Devon,' ed. Vivian, 1895, Neither his father's name nor that of his pp. 200, 484). She seems to have lived at birthplace is known. I hoped I had found East Allington, as the registers of that a clue in four lines of Hayman's charming parish record her burial: 1619, Bridget poem Of the Great and Famous, euer to Fortescue was buried 1 November." Posbee honoured Knight, Sir Francis Drake, sibly a little romance attaches to the legacy and of my little-little Selfe' ('Quodlibets, Book IV. No. 7) :of the chain and diamond ring.

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8. One of the witnesses to the will is John Owen. I imagine he may be the epigrammatist whose work was translated by Sharpham's friend Robert Hayman.

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It was clear from the fact of Sharpham having "made his mark instead of signing his name that he was very ill when the will was executed on 22 April, 1608; and as it was proved on 9 May following, it was clear that he had died in the interval. But where? From the fact that a notary of Westminster witnessed the will I concluded that Sharpham died in Westminster. A visit to St. Margaret's Church confirmed my conjecture. In the register of burials of that church, under the date "April 23" -the day after the will had been madewas the name Edward Sharpham" written in the large characters accorded in old registers to persons of superior station. He must have died that day or the day before, and his remains, if they have not

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His

This man when I was little, I did meete, As he was walking vp Totnes long Street, He ask'd me whose I was? I answer'd him. He ask'd me if his good friend were within? Nicholas Hayman, merchant, represented "Totness borough' " in the Parliament of 15 Oct., 1586 to 23 March, 1586/7. Parliament of 12 Nov., 1588 to 29 March, name does not appear on the roll of the 1589; but "Nicholas Hayman" (probably the same) represented Dartmouth, Clifton, and Hardness in the Parliament of 19 Feb., 1592/3 to 10 April, 1593. Here, one might suppose, was Robert's father. But the Vicar of Totnes, the Rev. T. H. Elliott, who has searched the registers from 1570 to 1586, tells me that the name of Robert Hayman is not to be found, though the baptisms of five children of Nicholas Hayman are recorded between 6 Nov., 1579, and 16 April, 1586. Possibly Robert Hayman was born and baptized at the end of 1578, before Nicholas settled at Totnes. Or he may have been not Nicholas's son, but his nephew, and have been merely visit. ing his uncle when he met the great Drake. Possibly the Dartmouth registers would throw light on Robert Hayman's birth.

With the help, however, of Mr. E. Windeatt of Bridgetown, Totnes, and the Rev.

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