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"STYMIE' AT GOLF (10 S. ix. 370, 414, 492). It is not the dissyllable stymie but "styme," which is a monosyllabic word, that Jamieson defines as a particle," "a glimpse," and so forth. What he says of the term is fully substantiated by apposite illustrations from standard works, and it accords with the Scottish practice of the present day. We all know what it is not to be able to see a styme, but it is only those of us who are golfers that understand what is denoted by a stymie. Burns thus characteristically illustrates the familiar word in the closing stanza of his Epistle to John Goldie in Kilmarnock' :
I've seen me daez't upon a time,
I scarce could wink or see a styme;
Then back I rattle on the rhyme,
Ebenezer Picken, a native of Paisley, in his Miscellaneous Poems' of 1813, seems to use the term in the sense of " a moment." Describing in 'The Visit; or, Crispin in the Dumps,' the literary adventures of a shoemaker, he writes::
Weel, to flame as an Author our Snab was sae bent, He ne'er blinn'd a styme till he gat it in prent; that is, he ceased not for a moment, or, perhaps, he never hesitated in the slightest degree. The word seems to be a direct relative of A.-S. stíma, a gleam, brightness.
APPLES: THEIR NAMES (10 S. viii. 429; ix. 297, 314, 495). In the Appendix to the Forty-Third Report of the DeputyKeeper of Public Records, issued in 1882, there is a list of seventeen sorts of English apples which had been sent as being the best to Marshal Wrangel in Sweden in the year 1663. This list I met with amongst the correspondence of the marshal of the castle of Skokloster, when examining the MSS. there preserved in 1881. W. D. MACRAY.
PROVERB ON BEATING (10 S. ix. 170, 298). 'The Woman, Spaniel, and Walnut Tree has such a vogue that it is well to point out that John Taylor, the "Water-Poet," should have been quoted as the author in the dictionary referred to in the editorial note. Another far earlier song runs :Ther wer 3 wold be betyn, 3 wold be betyn ther A myll, a stoke fysche, and a woman.
H. P. L.
UNTHANK (10 S. ix. 351, 492).—DR. MILNE, who mentions a solitary instance of this name in Moray, suggests that it may apply to some far-removed place" (presumably a mountain, or some cliffs by the sea) where newly weaned lambs would be out of the I have heard of is in Norwich, where there hearing of their mothers. The only instance is an Unthanks Road, leading, I presume, would hardly correspond to Dr. Milne's to some place of this name. This, I think, description, as Norfolk is notoriously the flattest county in England, and Norwich is near its centre, and a considerable distance from the sea. J. FOSTER PALMER.
8, Royal Avenue, S. W.
There are Unthanks" at Intwood Hall, Norwich, still, and an Unthank Road in Norwich. HIC ET UBIQUE.
I remember coming into contact with some people of this name in Newcastle-uponTyne some fifty years ago. Last Trinity Sunday the Bishop of Ripon ordained the Rev. R. A. Unthank, and licensed him to the curacy of Carleton-in-Craven, Skipton. I suppose the name is not uncommon. According to Mr. Bardsley ('Dict. of English and Welsh Surnames) there is one
township in Cumberland and another in Northumberland which may have been the source of Unthank and Onthank families. In this he follows Lower (Patronymica Britannica '). ST. SWITHIN.
CLERGY IN WIGS (10 S. viii. 149, 214; ix. 497). In T. P.'s Weekly of 19 June, 1908, review of 'One City and Many Men,' Sir Algernon West states
"that in the early days of Her Majesty's reign peers drove down to the House of Lords in full dress, with their orders and ribbons, and bishops wore episcopal wigs, Bishop Blomfield, who died in 1857, being the last to do so."
At the reference in N. & Q.' last given Lady Dorothy Nevill says that "Bishops Bagot and Blomfield had been the first to lay aside" their wigs.
R. J. FYNMORE.
Is Lady Dorothy right? J. T. quotes Bishop Monk as wearing his wig in 1848. Mr. Monk, M.P., told me his father was the last bishop to wear the wig, but named a date in the reign of William IV.
VICTORIAN COIN (10 S. ix. 209, 497).It would be interesting to know whether the Deputy-Master of the Mint was called to account for omitting the usual F.D. from the coinage, thereby obtruding his own private views as a Roman Catholic in his capacity of public official. J. T. F. Durham.
This coin appears to be a 50-cent. piece of Canada. It is very common, and down to the year 1901 there had been struck 1,408,036 pieces. The first year of issue was 1870. Of late years it has been manufactured at Heaton's Mint, Birmingham (for the Government), and then a small H appears on the reverse die under the ribbon which joins the two maple branches.
ARTHUR W. WATERS.
CARICATURE: ' ONCE I WAS ALIVE" (10 S. ix. 427).—Mr. Dobell, of Charing Cross Road, has a copy of this, upon which has been written in pencil, Mr. Baskerville." This name can, I think, be made out of the letters forming the monogram.
MURDER AT WINNATS (10 S. ix. 449).Rhodes's Peak Scenery,' 1824, says of the victims, They were strangers in the country, and circumstances induced the supposition that they were on a matrimonial excursion to the north." This writer, however, regards the whole story as apocryCroston's On Foot through the Peak,' 1868, says :—
AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (10 S. ix. 328, 393, 455).-The march for I'm Ninety-Five' was written by Mr. Miller, bandmaster of the 1st battalion Rifle Brigade, at Malta in 1842. It was used on the line of march in the Kaffir war of 1846 and 1851, and at Fort Beaufort in 1852 was adopted as the regimental quick-phal. step, which before was the march from Der Freischütz.' H.M. Queen Victoria approved of it in 1856, and fourteen years later it was adopted by the 95th Foot.
H. A. ST. J. M. (late Rifle Brigade). The four lines at 10 S. ix. 488, beginning Non ego me methodo astringam serviliter ulla,
are, as was suggested, by Cowley. The Hybleae in the second line of the quotation should be Hyblaeae. The phrase "generandi gloria mellis" is borrowed from 1. 205 of the fourth Georgic. In the English translation of Cowley's Six Books of Plants,' by N. Tate, Mrs. A. Behn, and others, the present passage is thus rendered by J. O. :
reference is Plantarum' lib. i. 29.
My self to slavish Method I'll not tye,
"Who the victims were, and whence they came, has never been satisfactorily established......Peak Forest, distant about three miles from the scene of the murder, was extra-parochial at the period, and was used as a Gretna Green.'
The fullest reference to this event is probably to be found in Tales and Traditions of the High Peak,' by William Wood (no date, but published 1862), where Allan and Clara; or, the Murder in the Winnats,' occupies twenty-four octavo pages. From this the following summary is taken: in April, 1758, the two fugitives appeared at The Royal Oak Inn," Stoney Middleton, and left the next morning on horseback, asking the way to Castleton, en route for Peak Forest, here stated as eight miles distant. The murder took place in a barn, into which the victims had been forced, and booty, 2007. in money, with other valuaables was secured by the five murderers, four of whom afterwards died by accident or suicide, the fifth making a confession
on his deathbed. Wood insists that ample corroboration of the truth of the legend existed, and says that no inquiry was ever made after the two unfortunate lovers. His ipsa verba as to their identity are,
"who the victims were, and whence they came, is not satisfactorily known: Clara was supposed to be an English nobleman's daughter, and "Allan, a gentleman from the south of England." W. B. H.
In 'The Ballads and Songs of Derbyshire (Derby, Bemrose & Sons, 1867), by Llewellynn Jewitt, is Henry and Clara," a Peak ballad on the murder at Winnats. The couple were returning from their marriage at the chapel of Peak Forest, a runaway marriage in 1758 or 1768. They were on horseback, and fell benighted on reaching "The Winnats." Five miners set upon them, dragged them into a barn, and robbed and murdered them. What the murderers did with the bodies is not stated; their horses were found wandering later on, and were taken to Chatsworth Park, and ran there as waifs; nor were they ever claimed. It is said that the saddles are still preserved at Chatsworth. The ballad Henry and Clara' was written by the Rev. Arthur George Jewitt, brother of the compiler of 'Derbyshire Ballads.' It begins,
Christians, to my tragic ditty
It is written in the dear old style, and runs to thirty verses. It was first printed in the author's Wanderings of Memory,' 1815, and at the time, I believe, when the Jewitt family resided at Duffield, near Derby. It was by no means an uncommon thing for a ballad-monger to come to the villages, with a sheaf of ditties over his arm, and sing or recite local pieces told in simple verse. I am not sure, but think that Henry and Clara' was dealt with in the Notes and Queries' columns of The Derbyshire Times upwards of thirty years ago. I do not think that the full names of the murdered couple were then given.
the Saviour drank at the Last Supper. But the vessel which received the Saviour's blood probably would be something different from a cup. The Grail was said also to be a dish which was used at the Last Supper, and afterwards received the blood at the Cross. But I do not know that this fits much better with the description of its splendid appearance and many miraculous qualities. The diamond, or emerald, that fell from the crown of Satan, fashioned by angels into the vessel which received the Holy Blood, would make the best Grail. Satan, when he was contending with an enormous size. archangel, would be of said of him. And the diamond, or emerald, "His stature reached the sky," as Milton would be correspondingly large.
The etymology is fully discussed, in fact at great length, in my Preface to Joseph of Arimathie,' published for the Early English Text Society, and it is given briefly in my Concise Etymological Dictionary.' from the O.Fr. greal, representing the Late Latin gradale. The latter is a "voiced" form of *cratāle, a derivative of crāter, a bowl. See Diez and others.
WALTER W. SKEAT.
LATIN LINES ON SLEEP (10 S. ix. 390).— The English version of these lines is given in a slightly different form from that quoted by C. K. in Beeton's Great Book of Poetry,' where it is attributed to Dr. Wolcot. Beeton's collection has, of course, no critical value, but it may be worth while to quote the lines as there given :
Come, gentle sleep! attend thy votary's prayer,
C. C. B.
I have these lines written in a commonplace book, with a note that they were a composition of Thomas Warton to be placed under a statue of Somnus in the garden of Harris the philologist, and had been translated by Peter Pindar. The source of this information is not given; possibly it is Wolcot's version that is quoted by your correspondent. R. L. MORETON.
ST. MARY'S ABBEY, YORK (10 S. ix. 388, 496).-We are much indebted to MR. MACMICHAEL for his note on the earlier or monastic use of the terms prebend," prebendary," &c., which I had overlooked (p. 388). We may refer to Ducange as well
as to Smith's 'Dict. Christ. Antiq.' This Burke by telling us that Lord Kinnaird is a banker, earlier use is not mentioned in the 'H.E.D.,' but it might have given a line to his great interest but I have made a note of it for the supple-interesting to state that Mr. Claude Hay is a stock in football; and under Kinnoull it would be ment, and am glad to know what my old broker as well as M.P.; even our little friend friend Canon Raine meant. Whitaker goes that length. The omission cannot be on the ground that trade is inadmissible, for in the same article we learn that Charles, son of the second Earl of Kinnoull had a monopoly for the manufacture of glass.
NOTES ON BOOKS, &a
J. T. F.
The Scots Peerage. Edited by Sir James Balfour Paul. Vol. V. (Edinburgh, David Douglas.) THE Scots Peerage has broken the back of the heavy task on which it started four years ago, for the fifth volume, starting with Lord Innermeath, takes us down to the amazing tangle of the Earldom of Mar. It treats of thirty-one different peerages and twenty-one families, namely Boyd, Campbell (Irvine and Loudon), Erskine (Kellie and Mar), Falconer, Gordon (Kenmure), Hay, Ingram, Keith, Ker (Jedburgh and Lothian), Kinnaird, Lennox, Leslie (Leven and Lindores), Livingston (Kilsyth and Linlithgow), Lyle, Macdonald, Macdonell, Maclellan, Maitland, Morgan-Grenville, Seton, and Stewart (Innermeath, Lennox and Mar). The work has been done by fifteen different authors, the editor himself supplying six of the articles. The co-operative method is the only practicable one in dealing quickly with genealogical work on such a scale, and yet it is full of difficulties. Except under the eye of a dominant editor, such a book is apt to differ in scope and texture. On the other hand, that dominance may banish the personal touch which makes G. E. C. a delight; and it is, moreover, apt to create disaffection, for the family historian tends to become so obsessed as to permit no meddling with his method. Sir James Balfour Paul is not a hard taskmaster, but we believe it is an open secret that even he has had to jettison some of the contributions; and he might with advantage have insisted on greater uniformity in those published. It is not only that different writers have a different method, but the same writer sometimes varies. For example, Mr. A. Francis Steuart in treating Steuart, Duke of Lennox, gives as many as twelve reference notes to a page, whereas Mr. F. J. Grant describes Lennox, Duke of Lennox, without a single reference. Again Mr. Grant says that Lord Alexander Gordon-Lennox "had issue" without stating that issue as Mr. Cosmo GordonLennox, the well-known player and playwright, who married Miss Marie Tempest. On the other hand, he works out the descendants of George Lindsay (1691-1764) through the female line to a great-greatgreat grandson named Rudd, born as recently as July 13, 1906, although he does not give the issue of Lady Muriel Watkins, the daughter of the present Lord Lindsay. Some of the descents are not a bit more illuminative than those given in Burke. For example Mr. Grant might at least have taken the trouble to refer to the D.N.B.' for that remarkable young man the Hon. Ion Keith-Falconer (1856-87), who was not only an Arabic scholar of note, but the writer on shorthand in the Encyclopædia Britannica,' and the first to cycle from John o' Groats to Land's End. Precisely the same thing occurs with living people. The annual peerages are very inhuman in this respect, chronicling only dull official facts. The Scots Peerage' gets ahead of
Among the most satisfying articles in this volume are Mr. Macmath's accounts of Kenmure, although curious Romance of the Ranks' in his note on the he might have given us a reference to Conolly's account of the Earls of Lauderdale; the Marquis claimants for the peerage; Mr. Macphail's long de Ruvigny's description of the Earls of Kilmarnock; and the Rev. John Anderson's learned disquisition on the Celtic Earls of Lennox and the Earls of Mar, though he cannily declines to express an opinion on the rival claims which roused the righteous indignation of Lord Crawford.
Ingrams, for whom the Viscounty of Irvine was Among the intruders in this volume are the created-why, it is not clear. tallow chandler of London, who married a haberThey began with a dasher (why are these facts interesting in the sixteenth century when omitted in the twentieth?), but found it so difficult to maintain their line that the third viscount, who died in 1702, was succeeded in turn by five of his nine sons, and then by his grandson, the ninth and last viscount, who left only five daughters. It is a curious comment on the point of view of another day that one of these left a goodly estate to her husband's illegitimate son, who founded a Improvements might be effected in the Scots well-known military family. Peerage,' but if it is not definitive it forms a good framework for the great masses of material that have come to light since Douglas's day.
The Shakespeare Apocrypha: being a Collection of Fourteen Plays which have been ascribed to Shakespeare. Edited, with Introduction, Notes, and Bibliography, by C. F. Tucker Brooke, B.Litt. (Oxford, Clarendon Press.)
THIS excellent edition, tastefully bound in limp cloth, will at once take standard rank as a satisfactory issue of the doubtful Shakespearian plays. A text founded on careful examination of the originals by a competent scholar has been needed for years, and such the present editor provides. His ample knowledge alike of native and foreign criticism in books and fugitive publications will be realized by all who read his compact and judicious introduction. Notes on the text are printed at the bottom of the page, and there are a few explanatory notes at the end which are distinguished by their practical brevity.
We read that "the collation of the early editions has been done twice to secure accuracy, and the proof-sheets revised by the original quartos. Particular care has been taken to verify readings which are in opposition to those recorded by other modern editors.
We add that every five lines is numbered at the side throughout the scenes, an important practical aid to reference which is sometimes forgotten. To keep within the limits of some 450 pages a small type has had to be used, but the merits of the edition will, we hope, ensure another issue, perhaps in three volumes or more, in which larger print can
be used. Unequal as all the plays are in execution, they contain, taken together, a body of fine poetry, which no lover of our literature can afford to miss. Confronted with a lyric like "Roses, their sharp spines being gone," we may say that, if this is not Shakespeare's, it is worthy of him.
There are thirteen facsimiles of title-pages reprinted. The play which lacks such adornment, Sir Thomas More,' is not the least interesting. It was first printed in 1844, and is here re-edited from the Harleian MS. 7368 in the British Museum. Lines 1-172, in Act II. sc. iv., have been attributed with the greatest confidence to Shakespeare, nor can we, in view of their wonderful quality, be astonished at the suggestion, which is very different from the wild imaginings of many scholars concerning these Apocrypha. Dyce first transcribed this play from the MS., and since it has now crumbled away or become indecipherable, a number of words and lines have to be taken on his authority alone. The MS. is in several hands, and one of these has been assigned to Shakespeare himself, but we view what some would regard as satisfactory evidence on such points with the gravest suspicion. A note by Mr. Spedding on the question in N. &Q, (p. xlviii) is referred to as "4 N. & Q.,' x. 227." Here 4 means "4th Series.". We cannot go into the details of the disputed authorship set forth in the introduction, but we are pleased to see recognition of the admirable work of our contributor Mr. Charles Crawford, and of a veteran in the field of Shakespearian scholarship, Mr. P. A. Daniel. Mr. Brooke usually writes well and clearly, but we must protest against such a phrase as "her really revolting wishy-washiness," used of Emilia in The Two Noble Kinsmen.' We presume that the absence of "Valingford" from the list of characters in 'Faire Em' is a slip on the part either of the MS. or the
THE number of Catalogues we received during June was exceptionally large, but those dated July already go far beyond them.
Divinity takes the lead in Mr. Baker's List 527, which contains a copy of Gallandus's Bibliotheca Græco-Latina Veterum Patrum,' Venetiis, 1765-88, 14 vols., folio, a beautiful set, whole bound in calf, 381.; a set of the Library of Anglo-Catholic Theology. 88 vols., half-morocco, 81. 88. Paz's 'Opera Spiritualia,' 1623, 3 vols., folio, calf, 87. 10s. the first 10 vols. of Pezius's 'Bibliotheca Ascetica Antiquo-Nova,' 12mo, vellum, very rare, 91. 10s. (the two missing vols. contain Nicolai de Argentina on the Canticles); and the Wycliffe Bible, Oxford, 1850, 4 vols., imp. 4to, 4l. There is a fine clean specimen of the great London Polyglott, & vols., folio, in the original rough calf as published, including Castell's" Lexicon," 1657-69, 167. 16s.
Mr. Richard Cameron's Edinburgh Catalogue 222 is, like all his lists, full of works of Scottish interest. We note the first Edinburgh edition of Burns, 1787, new calf, 37. 158.; the Complete Works, 6 vols., large paper, 1877. 27. 188.; and Walker's mezzotint after the Nasmyth portrait, 21. 28. Views of Edinburgh include Grant's and Drummond's. Under Hogg is an amusing autograph letter, Edinburgh, April 23rd, 1815, referring to a forthcoming celebration of Shakespeare, 1. 158. There are a num: ber of Scotch trials, works on Scottish songs and ballads, &c.
Mr. Fred. Cleaver's Bath Catalogue 6 contains Titsingh's Illustrations of Japan, Ackermann, 1822, 27. 178. 6d. ; a copy of the "Fireside " Dickens, 23 vols., cloth, as new, 418.; Reid's 'Concordance to Burns,' 9s. ; and a collection, Mr. Mathews at Home,' &c., and The Theatrical Olio,' the five works in one volume, 21. 58.
Mr. Bertram Dobell has in his Catalogue 164 a good tall copy of the first edition of Robinson Crusoe' (it contains the two leaves of advertisements at end); also first edition of The Farther Adventures,' 1719. The two vols. are bound in levant by Rivière, 1007. Under Coleridge is a set of the original numbers of The Friend, 11. 12s. Among other first editions are The Reliques of Father Prout,' 1836, 2 vols., original cloth, 21. 59.; Prynne's Player's Scourge,' 1633, 61. 68.; Leigh Hunt's Men, Women, and Books,' 1847, 17. 18.; collected edition of Lamb's Works, Ollier, 1818, 2 vols., 12mo, boards, 41. 48.; also works of Tennyson, Swinburne, and Thackeray.
Mr. Dobell's previous Catalogue, which reached us too late for notice among June lists, contains the first edition of 'Killing noe Murder,' 17. 128. This was printed clandestinely, and is said to have struck such a terror into the mind of Cromwell as to render the concluding part of his life miserable. The rare edition of 1624 of Bacon's Essaies,' 12mo, calf, is 81. 8s.; and first editions of all the volumes of Tristram Shandy' (vols. i. and ii. without any imprint), 9 vols., 1760-67, 137. 13s. Milton's first pamphlet, Church Discipline,' 1641, bound in close of this, "It is a passage of prose poetry morocco by Rivière, is 317. Masson says of the to which I have found nothing comparable as yet in the whole range of English literature." Another rare item is the first edition of Hakluyt, 1589, 421.
Messrs. Drayton & Sons' Exeter Catalogue 193 contains works under India, Ireland, Medical, Natural History, &c. The general portion includes Fox-Davies's Heraldry,' 1905, 47. 15s.; Turner's
Liber Studiorum,' 2 vols., large oblong 4to, 41. 48.; Alken's Sporting Prints (42), 37. 10s.; and Sarah Austin's Story without an End,' large paper, 1868, 21. 28.
Theology. A copy of Hastings's Dictionary of Messrs. Drayton's Catalogue 194 is devoted to the Bible' is priced 41. 18s.; Smith and Wace's Christian Biography,' 31. 38.; the first series. of the Contemporary Pulpit,' 11 vols., 158.; and Preachers' Homiletical Commentary, 32 vols., New York, 1892-6. 41. 18s. There are lists under Kingsley, Lightfoot, Pusey, Vaughan, Westcott,
Mr. H. G. Gadney's Oxford Catalogue XXI. is a small one of recent purchases. Encyclopædia of the Laws of England,' edited by Renton, with introduction by Pollock, 12 vols., 1897-8, is 5. 10s.; Mrs. Jameson's History of Our Lord,' first edition, 2 vols., 17. 48.; Lord Leighton's Life and Work,' by Mrs. Barrington, 2 vols., royal 8vo, 1906, 17. 108.; and Zeller's Works, 9 vols., 31. 158. Mr. Gadney has also a Short Clearance Catalogue of Theological Books.
Mr. William Hitchman's Bristol Catalogue 62 contains Burton's' Arabian Nights,' 17 vols., 14. 148.; and the "Mermaid" Series of Best Plays of the Old Dramatists, 10 vols., 17. Other items include 'Dutch Painters,' by Max Rooses, 12s. 6d.; Lang's 'Prince Charles Edward,' 1. 18.; Autobiography