Imatges de pÓgina
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127.

LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 15, 1908.

CONTENTS.-No. 242.

11. The Humours and Conversations of the Town.' 1693, pp. 81, 82, 83, 84.

12. Poems on Affairs of State,' 1703, vol. ii.

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pp. 235, 274. (Dates of poems earlier than 1703).
13. De Re Poetica,' by Sir Thos. Pope Blount,
1694, pp. 52, 114, 136, 137, 213-16.

14. Run and a Great Cast,' by Thos. Freeman, 1614, epig. 64.

15. Letters and Verses to William and Lady Cavendish, Duke and Duchess of Newcastle,' 1678, p. 160.

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16. Arraignement of the Whole Creature,' &c., by R. Henderson, 1631, p. 186.

NOTES:-Spenser Allusions-Toothache, 121 - London
Statues and Memorials, 122-Victoria Statue, Lancaster
Gloucestershire Poll-Books, 124-Gascoigne and Euripides
-Robert Johnson's 'World'-" Hovelling"-David Pole:
David Powell, 125-Loten's Museum-Shacklewell Lane
King's Classical Quotations-England's Wooden Walls:
Navarino Flagship, 126-Bream's Buildings: the Name,
QUERIES:-Seventeenth-Century Quotations, 127-Warren
Hastings's Son-Stanley's Mission to Paris, 1761-Throat-
cutting at Public Executions-Dr. Isaac Basire's Portrait
-French Anonymous Biographies-Widkirk: "The Wake-
field Mysteries,' 128-Friday Street-St. Margaret's Hos-
pital or Green Coat School-Authors of Quotations Wanted
-Intellect and Valour of Great Britain'-St. Kenelm's
at Ware-Reynolds on an Equestrian Statue, 129-Dean
Cookes-Epulum Parasiticum'-Accession and Corona-
tion Coins-Zoffany-Siege of Danzig - H. Hopper,
Modeller, 130.
REPLIES:-The National Flag, 130-Vowel-shortening-number of Spenser allusions in the Chaucer
Salarino, Salanio, and Salerio-French Words in Scotch,

132-Romans at York-"Sabariticke"-Medal of Charles I.

Holy Grail - Snail-eating and Gipsies - Defoe: the Devil's Chapel-Prior and his Chloe, 134-"Angel" of an Inn-Tiger Folk-lore and Pope-St. Andrew's CrossRushlights Dickens on "Half-Baptized," 135-Brass as a Surname Johnson's 'Tropical Climates'-Crows "crying against the rain," 136" Buccado"-Budgee, a Kind of Ape-Sinews of War"-Counting bringing Ill-Luck Henry Ellison, 137-The Bonassus-Old Tunes-Wine used at Holy Communion-T. L. Peacock: "Skylight" and "Twilight""-Swimming Bath, 138. NOTES ON BOOKS:-The Ideal of a Gentleman'-'The National Review.' Booksellers' Catalogues.

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p. 128.

3. Caroloiades,' by Hon. Ed. Howard, 1689, sig. A 4.

4. The British Princes,' by Hon. Ed. Howard, 1669, A 5b, A6.

5.Epigrams,' by R. Heath, 1650, p. 48.

6. Maggots,' by Sam. Wesley, 1685, pp. 30, 32. 7. Poems collected by N. Tate' (1685), Pastoral, by Mr. Adams, 1683, p. 45. See also p. 91. 8. Chorus Poetarum,' 1674.

9. Jane Barker's 'Poems,' 1688, poem by " Phi

laster."

10. Another in the same volume, pt. ii., by J. Whitehall, p. 39.

1599

17. Virgidimiarum,' by Joseph Hall, (Grosart's edition), p. 11. See Grosart's Introduction.

18. De Arte Graphica,' by Dryden, 1695, p. 108. 19. Poems,' by Matthew Prior, 1709, p. 272.

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The future collector will also find a goodly Allusions,' now nearing completion, edited by Miss Spurgeon for the Chaucer Society, and in the Shakespeare Allusion Book. Perhaps some other N. & Q.' men, like MR. G. THORN-DRURY, whose Shakspere references have been of great help to me, will record the Spenser allusions they happen to notice. JOHN MUNRO.

TOOTHACHE.
(See 5 S. xi. 88, 515.)

SKILLED operators, using fine instruments and anæsthetics, have done much to diminish this ill that flesh is heir to. But in the days before dentists, toothache was terrible, as is evident from what has been said of it. Apostles are reputed to have suffered much: St. Peter's toothache was cured by Christ (5 S. viii. 144; 10 S. ii. 259); and according to some commentators it was St. Paul's thorn in the flesh (Woodhead, Allestree, and Walker, Paraph. St. Paul,' 1675, p. 163).

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On one of the Early English capitals in Wells Cathedral is a huge carving of the contorted face of a man, probably a bishop, who with one hand is pulling away his cheek from his gums, as if making way for the insertion of the forceps. It is locally the man with the toothache."

known as

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The appeal to St. Apollonia, the patron saint of the teeth, is noticed by Stillingfleet ( Idolatry in the Church of Rome,' ed. 2, 1672, p. 131); and Mr. Ford reports that in his time prayer was still made to her in Spain (Gatherings from Spain,' 1846, p. 259). Much about her is in N. & Q.' viii. 144, 292; 6 S. i. 126). Pascal is said (2 S. i. 213, 323, 340; 3 S. vi. 178; 5 S. to have worked a cure for himself by mathematics (? authority). Certainly human

remedies seem to have been unavailing. Sir Kenelm Digby gives only one receipt, and that not on his own testimony :—

"One that had the tooth-ach in great extremity, and had tried many medicines in vain, took a little cotton and imbibed it with Lucatella's balsam, and so put it into the hollow tooth."

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on toothache which can be called literary: The Toothache, imagined by Horace Mayhew, and realised by George Cruikshank,' 43 coloured and folded plates, 12mo, David Bogue, 1849.

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Tooth-extraction, gold and other stopping, and artificial teeth were all known at an A second application worked a permanent early date; see the evidence at 1 S. x. 242, cure (Receipts in Physic,' ed. 2, 1677, p. 23). 355, 510; xi. 51, 264, 316, 512; 2 S. xii. 417, For this balsam see The Yorksh. Archæol. 481; 3 S. ix. 420; 5 S. xi. 448, 497; xii. Journ., vii. 57. 296; 6 S. vii. 17. There is a curious allusion Butler ridicules the quacks who scare in A Second Edition of the New Almanack with rhimes the tooth-ache ('Hudibras,' for the Year 1656': He might have gone pt. ii. canto iii. 289), on which see Grey's to one or two of our London teeth-chandlers, note, quoting Ben Jonson's tooth-drawer, & have taken whole bushels of this bonewho "calls out bitter teeth at a twitch, seed (p. 9). John Watts, operator, commands them out of any man's head Raquet Court, Fleet Street, advertises upon the point of his poignard, tickles in Riders' British Merlin,' 1709, that he them forth with his riding-rod, and draws supplies artificial teeth, "set in so well as teeth a horseback in full speed" (Pan's to eat with them, not to be discovered from Anniversary,' 1625, Works,' ed. Cornwall, natural, nor to be taken out at night." 1838, p. 643); and a passage from John Taylor's Figure Flinger': "With two words, and three leaves of four-leav'd grass; he makes the toothache stay, repass, or pass. 'N. & Q.' has recorded much folk-lore on this subject.

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Shakespeare says he that sleeps feels not the toothache ('Cymbeline,' V. iv.); and in Much Ado about Nothing,' III. ii., when Benedick says he has the toothache, Pedro replies draw it," and Claudio adds that it is but a humour, or a worm,' alluding to the idea that it was caused by a worm at the root of the tooth.

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Christopher Ness declares that toothache is a direct warning of death, and that it makes us compassionate with our fellowsufferers "under that dolorous distemper ('History and Mystery,' 1690, i. 195, 402). Burns in his Address to the Toothache says that sympathy, so helpful in other complaints, is of no use in this, the hell of all diseases," and begs the devil to give all Scotland's foes a towmond's toothache."

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Southey counts among those who do not desire the "everlasting now "those who have the toothache, or who are having a tooth drawn" (The Doctor,' ed. 1848, p. 63). De Quincey, who was led to opiumeating by that terrific curse,' has an interesting note to show that we should be more horrified by toothache but for its enormous diffusion and its immunity from danger (Works,' ed. 1862, i. 4).

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Poems and essays have been written by literary men upon the gout, and there are, of course, countless professional treatises on dentistry; but I have met with only one

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LONDON STATUES AND MEMORIALS.

(See 10 S. ix. 1, 102, 282, 363, 481.) 86. Statue of Thomas Guy, Guy's Hospital. The munificent founder of the hospital died in 1724, and was buried in the hospital chapel. Over his grave a marble statue was placed in 1779 at a cost of 1,000. The outdoor statue stands in the centre

of the quadrangle opposite the main entrance gates. It was placed in position in 1734.

87. Crosby Obelisk, Blackfriars Road.Erected in 1771 to the memory of Brass Crosby, Esq., Lord Mayor of London. Its

removal was discussed in 1904.

88. Statues of (a) Sir Robert Clayton and (b) Edward VI., St. Thomas's Hospital. The old hospital in Southwark was pulled down and the present buildings erected in 1870-71. These statues were then re-erected in their present positions. (a) According to the Latin inscription thereon, this statue was erected in Sir R. Clayton's lifetime by the Governors, A.D. MDCCI., and by them beautified A.D. MDCCXIV. (b) This statue

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section extending over more than two months, and having been handed over from one vivisector to another until death came to his release."

90. Statue of Lord Strathnairn, Knightsbridge. I am unable to supply the exact date of the erection of this spirited equestrian statue by the late E. Onslow Ford.

91. Tate Memorial, Brixton.-This memorial consists of a bronze bust on a pedestal of the late Sir Henry Tate. It stands in the library garden, and was unveiled by Mr. Evan Spicer, 11 Oct., 1905.

92. Statue of Henry Fawcett, Vauxhall Park. The site of the house long occupied by the late Rt. Hon. Henry Fawcett is included in the open space known as Vauxhall Park. Here was set up in 1893 a terracotta statue of the blind statesman, the gift of Sir Henry Doulton.

93. Carabiniers' Memorial, Chelsea Embankment. This commemorates the officers and men of the 6th Dragoon Guards who fell in South Africa. Unveiled by Lord Roberts, 23 June, 1906.

94. Statue of Thomas Carlyle, Chelsea Embankment.-This stands not far from the house in which Carlyle died, 24, Cheyne Row. It was unveiled by Prof. Tyndall, 26 Oct., 1882. On the front of the house itself is a marble medallion of Carlyle, the gift of the Carlyle Society. It was inaugurated on the fifth anniversary of his death, 5 Feb., 1886.

95. Rossetti Memorial Fountain, Chelsea Embankment.-Erected opposite the house which Rossetti rented from 1863 until his death at Birchington in 1882. Unveiled by Mr. Holman Hunt, 14 July, 1887. 96. Statue of Sir Hans Sloane, Chelsea Physic Garden.-Erected by the Apothecaries' Society at a cost of 2801., about the year 1737.

Sites have also been selected for statues (a) of Sir Henry Irving, north of the National Portrait Gallery, Charing Cross Road; (b) of Sir Wilfrid Lawson, in the Victoria Embankment Gardens. The new Paul's Cross" will also be dominated by a colossal bronze statue of St. Paul.

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I shall be very grateful if readers will kindly supply missing dates of inauguration or unveiling. As far as I know, I have supplied them wherever I possess them. The names of any statues or memorials I may have missed will also be acceptable. I should welcome particulars concerning the fate of the following statues, which once existed in the places named :

George I., Grosvenor Square.
Charles II., Soho Square.
George III., Berkeley Square.
Duke of Cumberland, Cavendish Square
(see 9 S. ii. 528).

Duke of Marlborough,
Square (see 7 S. x. 214).

Marlborough

Duke of Wellington, Tower Green. Concerning the George IV. statue at Battle Bridge see 7 S. ix. 508; x. 58, 131, 213.

Does the statue of (?) Alfred the Great still stand in Trinity Square, Southwark (see 8 S. viii. 85, 230), and that of Lord Eldon at Wandsworth Road Schools?

The statue of Henry Peto which I saw in Furnival's Inn in 1890 has, I understand, been broken up, being simply a plaster cast.

Is the statue of Robert Aske still to be seen at Hoxton ? and that of James Hulbert at Newington ?

The statues of Edward VI. and Sir John Moore from Christ's Hospital are, I believe, removed to Horsham.

Is the statue of William III. presented by the Kaiser yet placed? The King ap

97. Bust of Sir Joseph Paxton, Crystal 8 or 9 ft. high, the work of Mr. F. W. Wood-proved a site near Kensington Palace last February.

Palace. This tremendous creation, some

ington, was set up on the Terrace in 1869, and removed thence to the Parade in 1899. Perhaps, however, it is too far out to be classified under London statues.

Lists of the London statues, &c., appear

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in Haydn's Dictionary of Dates'; Timbs's "Curiosities of London'; 'Murray's Guide to London'; Bohn's Pictorial HandSince the MS. of this list was prepared book of London'; 'The Picture of Lonthere have been erected (a) a memorial don'; 'The Citizens' Pocket Chronicle' to Dr. Barnardo at the Girls' Home, Barking-Dickens's Dictionary of London'; Hart's side, unveiled by the Duchess of Albany on 'Guide to the Sights of London,' &c. 19 June; (b) a colossal bronze statue of Queen Alexandra in the grounds of the London Hospital, Whitechapel Road, unveiled by the Earl of Crewe, Colonial Secretary, 10 July.

See also The Mirror, 15 Sept., 1838; Illustrated London News, 19 July, 1862; and Pall Mall Gazette, 22 May, 1882.

JOHN T. PAGE.

Long Itchington, Warwickshire.

The statue of Bishop Heber in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, is behind the altar. A replica of it occupies a prominent position in St. Paul's Cathedral, Calcutta, whither it was removed from St. John's Church, Calcutta.

The London statue of Lord Napier of
Magdala near the Duke of York's Column
is a replica of the Calcutta statue at Prinsep's
Ghât.
WILMOT CORFIELD.

Calcutta Historical Society.

GLOUCESTERSHIRE.- -WESTERN DIVISION.
Contested elections in 1832, 1847, 1852, 1867, 1868.
None known.
GLOUCESTER CITY.

1816, October 1-8. Two editions.
1741, May 26. London.

1818, June 16-23. Two editions, 1818 and 1826.
1830, July 30-August 4. Two editions.
1832, December 10-11. 1833.
1833, April 8-9.
1835, January 6-7.
1837, July 25.
1838, May 22.
1841, June 30.
1852, July 8.
1853, January 5.
1857, March 28.
1859, April 30.
1862, February 26.
1865, July 12.

BRISTOL.

1722, March 28-April 3.

VICTORIA STATUE, LANCASTER.-The suggestion by COM. EBOR. (10 S. ix. 284) that MR. PAGE's labours on statues or memorials should be made to include the whole of Great Britain and Ireland is very good, and in this direction I subjoin an abstract of the description I recently prepared, for a 1734, May 14-24. Two editions, London and small guide to our town, of the very handsome statue of Queen Victoria just given 1739, November 28-December 12. by Lord Ashton to Lancaster. It is un-1754, April 17-May 1. Three editions. doubtedly the finest in the provinces. It 1774, October 7-November 3. Three editions. 1781, January 31-February 24. stands in Dalton Square, facing the new 1784, April 3-May 8. Town Hall, also the gift of Lord Ashton to his native town.

The statue and pedestal are 36 ft. 7 in. high. The bronze figure of the Queen, which stands on a Furness limestone base, is 12 ft. high. Underneath are four bronze lions. The panels contain more than life-size figures of Victorian celebrities. The corner figures represent Truth, Freedom, Justice, and Wisdom. On the sides are the arms of Lord Ashton and the borough.

The statue is the masterpiece so far of Mr. Herbert Hampton. He is a man of great promise, and has exhibited in the Royal Academy and elsewhere.

T. CANN HUGHES, M.A., F.S.A.

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Bristol.

1812, October 6-16. Bristol, 1818.
1830, July 30-August 5.
1832, December 12-13. Two editions. 1833.
1837, July 24. Two editions.
1835, January 7-9.
1841, June 29.
1847, July 30. Bristol, 1848.
1852, July 9. Bristol, 1853.
CIRENCESTER.

1768, March 23-29.
1790, June 16-18.
1802, July 5-7. Tetbury.
1812, October 6-12.
1848, May 24.
1852, [July 7].

1857, March 28]. Two editions.
1859, [April 30].
1865, July 12].
1868, [November 17].

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GASCOIGNE AND EURIPIDES.-In his introduction to a reprint of Greene's Pandosto' ("Shakespeare Library," Chatto & Windus, 1907) Mr. P. G. Thomas repeats the statement-made, I believe, in the first place by Warton, afterwards by Collier, and lately by Mr. Courthope-that Gascoigne in his Jocasta' adapted the Phoenissæ' of Euripides. As J. A. Symonds pointed out in his Shakespeare's Predecessors,' Gascoigne was not adapting the Greek dramatist in this play, but translating Ludovico Dolce, whose Giocasta' ('Teatro Antico Italiano,' vol. vi.) was published in 1549. Any one who is sufficiently interested in these matters can compare the two plays, as they are printed side by side in a scholarly edition by Prof. Cunliffe (Heath's "Belles-Lettres Series," 1906).

FRANCIS WOOLLETT.

ROBERT JOHNSON'S 'WORLD.'-The geographical work of Robert Johnson is a scarce book, and is interesting because it is of the time of Shakespeare (by one of whose publishers it was issued), because it contains early descriptions of the East and of America, and because it has been of some use to the New English Dictionary.' It is a translation from the Italian of Le Relationi Universali,' by Giovanni Botero, and received some attention at 3 S. iv. 110.

The first edition was :

(A) The Travellers Breviat, or An historicall description of the most famous kingdomes in the World: Relating their scituations, manners, customes, ciuill gouernment, and other memorable matters. Translated into English. printed at London by Edm. Bollifant, for Iohn laggard. 1601.

Im

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(C) Historicall Description of the most famous Kingdomes and Commonweales in the Worlde, translated into Englishe, with an addition of the relation of Saxony, Geneva, Hungary, and Spaine. London, John Jaggard, 1603. Sm. 4to. For a copy of this Mr. Quaritch asked three guineas some years ago. (D) Relations, Of the Most Famovs Kingdoms and Common-weales thorovgh the World. Discoursing of their Scituations, Manners, Customes, Strengthes and Pollicies. Translated into English and enlarged, with an Addition of the estates of Saxony, Geneua, Hungary, and the East Indies, in any Language neuer before imprinted. London, Printed for Iohn Iaggard, dvvelling in Fleetstreet, at the Hand and Starre, betweene the two Temple gates, 1608. Small 4to, в to P; pagination begins on Q, 113, and ends on p. 330. The dedication is signed "R. I."

(E.) A later edition of D, "enlarged according to moderne Observation." London, John Jaggard, 1616, sm. 4to. For this Quaritch asked fifty shillings.

But between A and C there was another

edition, which has hitherto escaped notice :— (B) The Worlde, or An historicall description of the most famous kingdomes and common-weales therein. Relating their scituations, manners, customes, ciuill gouernment, and other memor able matters. Translated into English, and inlarged. Imprinted at London by Edm. Bollifant, for Iohn laggard. 1601.

Small 4to, 2 leaves+pp. 1-222; dedication signed "I. R."

The dedication to Edward, Earl of Worcoster (for whom see 'D.N.B.,' liii. 231), is identical in A, B, and D. The change of title from The Travellers Breviat' to 'The Worlde,' and the transposing of the initials from "R. I." to "I. R." were doubtless publisher's tricks. I have not seen C and E. W. C. B.

"HOVELLING."-Before the Select Committee on Cinque Port Pilots, sitting on 27 June, 1833, Edward Darby, managing clerk to a firm of ship agents, who had resided at Deal all his life, was questioned as to the deplorable condition of the boatmen there. He was asked (Minutes of Evidence in' Parl. Pap., Eng., 1833,' vii. 534) :

:

employ?-What we term hovelling is not so good "Q. 29. Have you lost any other branch of chain cables instead of hemp cables. as it was; that arises from the introduction of

30. What is hovelling?-Supplying ships with anchors and cables, and such things as that.

"31. And that is not so brisk a trade as it was? -Certainly not.

"32. To what do you attribute the change?-The introduction of chain cables principally, to the exclusion of hemp."

The context clearly differentiates the trade of "hovelling" from smuggling. It seems worth while to ask for this to be recorded in view of the article on the word in 'N.E.D."

Q. V.

DAVID POLE: DAVID POWELL, FELLOWS OF OXFORD COLLEGES.-One David Pole, Fellow of All Souls, resigned in 1553 ('Archives of All Souls College, Oxford,' p. 379). He was clearly the David Pole of 'D.N.B.,' xlvi. 20.

One David Powell, M.A., Fellow of Oriel (not mentioned in Foster's Alumni Oxonienses '), was ordained sub-deacon in New College Chapel on 18 Feb., 1553 (Frere's 'Marian Reaction,' p. 215). One David Powell was admitted to the vicarage of Kenton, Devon, 4 Aug., 1554, and succeeded

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