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consent of the fellows......that the common rumour was that he did labour to pervert youth secretly...... came very seldom or never to prayer or sermons ......could not be drawn unto them by warning and correction often used by this deponent (H. Paman)* was not sent away by the master, but that, his lewd dealing being detected, he ran away. There was very much speech of a man reported to be said by Fingley in the master's great chamber, and that he was by some suspected to be a priest' (Lansd. 33). There is a reference to him as a priest of God, put into a low prison, into a deep and darksome dungeon' at York (v. Foley, iii. 251; and the 'D.N.B.). For more see Caian, vol. v."

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Holtby, Richard.-It appears from Dr. Venn (op. cit., i. 75) that Holtby was at Northallerton School four years, and at Christ's College two years, before he was admitted a pensioner at Caius College, Aug. 19, 1573, aged 20.

JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.

SIR MENASSEH MASSEY LOPEZ, BT. (10 S.

Yankee Doodle' with 'All the Way to Galway' I refer MR. MATTHEWS to The Dolphin (Philadelphia) for August, 1905, in which I print both airs, which are practically identical. The Irish characteristics in the oldest printed setting of the air are unmistakable.

2. I am not aware that Dr. Richard If Shuckburgh was in America in 1755. he went over with General Abercrombie, he cannot have reached America till June, 1756. Hence I would conclude that the adaptation of the song was not prior to 1756, though possibly 1755 may be the correct date.

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3. MR. MATTHEWS makes a point of my putting "published' 66 for sold by." He admits that The Disappointment was printed in 1767, and so agrees with me. The name of the author is printed " Andrew Barton," and as against MR. MATTHEWS, probably not who says that the play was written by Barton, but by Col. Thomas Forrest, I can quote an excellent authority, Mr. O. G. Sonneck, of the Library of ConMr. Sonneck says: "The arguments

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ix. 508; x. 96).-MR. SOLOMONS makes a mistake in stating that Mordecai Rodrigues Lopes became a Christian in 1802 with his son Manasseh, the future baronet. He died a Jew in March, 1796, and his burial is recorded in the registers of the Spanish gress. and Portuguese Congregation at Bevis in favour of Forrest's authorship are not Marks as having taken place on Domingo at all convincing, and I advise librarians 26 Adar Reson 5556"; his wife Rebecca to enter the libretto under Barton.” Pereira is buried next him, having died in May, 1795. Their two daughters-Rachel, widow of Isaac Pereira (d. 1825), and Esther, wife of Abraham Franco (d. 1795)—are buried near them in the same Carreira.

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Picciotto in his Sketches of Anglo-Jewish History,' p. 304, mentioning the defection of the Lopes family in 1802, makes this same error regarding the elder Lopes.

Ralph Franco, who in 1831 succeeded his uncle and became the second baronet, was baptized at Shipbourne Church, near Tonbridge, 17 May, 1801.

Possibly in his last days the same yearning came over Sir Manasseh Lopes as in the case of Sampson Gideon, who, after living apart from his people for many years, left a request that he should be buried with them at Mile T. COLYER FERGUSSON. Ightham Mote, near Sevenoaks.

End.

'KITTY FISHER'S JIG': 'YANKEE DOODLE (10 S. ix. 50, 98, 197, 236, 337, 471; X. 50).-MR. ALBERT MATTHEWS apparently confounds the words with the tune of Yankee Doodle.' My immediate concern was with the tune or melody, and I have absolutely no interest in the origin of the verses. For proof of the identity of

* This appears to be a misprint for J. Paman.

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4. I repeat my statement that 'Kitty Fisher's Jig,' with the 'Macaroni" reference, was likely between 1755 and 1760, when Macaronis were in vogue.

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5. If MR. MATTHEWS is of a musical turn, let him compare Yankee Doodle' with All the Way to Galway.' He will find the latter tune printed in The Complete Petrie Collection,' ii. No. 849. So convinced was I of the identity of both tunes that I stated without question the Irish origin of Yankee Doodle' in my 'History of Irish Music,' p. 247. W. H. GRATTAN FLOOD. Enniscorthy.

29).-In Burke's
COXE OF CLENT AND SWYNFORD (10 S. x.
" Extinct and Dormant
Baronetcies,' 1844, p. 121, Cocks of Dum-
blaton, baronet (cr. 1661, extinct 1765),
is described as "a branch of the family of
Cocks Hall in Kent." Your correspondent
P. M. M. C. inquires if this Hall is near
Sandgate. I have failed to discover it.

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Hasted (vol. x. p. 81) gives an account of a Michael Cox of Tilmanstone, 8 Hen. VII., whose son Thomas was Customer of Sandwich" at the latter end of Henry VIII.'s reign. His arms were Sable, on a chevron argent, a mullet sable, for difference, between three attires of a stag, pinned to the scalps, argent. At p. 45 of the same volume we

are informed that Thomas married Alice, coheiress of Roger Lychfeld. This Thomas died 1559, and his heirs alienated the property to Richard Fogge, eldest son of George Fogge of Brabourne.

A Thomas Cockes was one of the commissioners at the building of Sandgate Castle, 1539-40, the other being Reginald Scott, Esq. George Fogge was in 1545 Deputy of the Castle. R. J. FYNMORE. Sandgate.

ABBOTSLEY, ST. NEOTS, HUNTS (10 S. iii. 29). Here is a list of the incumbents of Abbotsley (St. Margaret) from 1225 to 1901 in the Transactions of the Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire Archæological Society, 1907, vol. ii. part ii. pp. 158-60, contributed by the Rev. W. M. Noble, editor of the Society. HERBERT E. NORRIS.

Cirencester.

JOHN OF GAUNT'S ARMS (10 S. x. 9).-1. Privy seal before the marriage with Con

stance of Castile (1371) :

"A shield of arms, couché, quarterly, 1 and 4, France; 2 and 3, England: over all in chief a label of three points ermine. Crest on a helmet and short mantling diapered, on a chapeau a lion statant guardant, crowned, charged on the neck with a label of three points ermine, the tail hanging down. Supporters, two falcons, each standing on a padlock and essaying to open the same: the background replenished with sprigs of foliage:within a carved Gothic quatrefoil, ornamented along the inner edge with small quatrefoils: surrounded with the legend: 'S: p'uat: joh'is: ducis: Lancastr': comit: richemond': derb: linc: leyc: senescalle: angl."

2. From 1371 to 1388 the Duke bore on his privy seal the royal arms of Castile and Leon quarterly, impaling the royal arms of France and England quarterly, with a difference. They are described :

"Armorial bearings not on a shield. Per pale dexter, quarterly, 1 and 4, Castile; 2 and 3, Leon; sinister, quarterly, 1 and 4, France (ancient); 2 and 3, England, with a label of three points ermine. The first and fourth quarters of each impalement raised, and the second and third countersunk : within a carved border ornamented with cinquefoils along the inner edge, surrounded by the legend: S: privatu': joh'is: dei gra: Regis Castelle: et Legionis: Ducis: Lancastrie.""

3. After 1388 the Duke continued to bear the royal arms of Castile and Leon, impaling those of France and England; but he moved the Spanish quarterings from dexter to sinister.

4. The Great Seal of Castile and Leon.Unlike the other monarchs of Europe, the Kings of Castile and Leon did not use the ordinary wax seals; instruments issuing from their chanceries, like those of the Papacy

and Empire, bore a metal "bulla." But John of Gaunt impressed wax with a silver seal in the manner common to the other royal chanceries.

5. The Great Seal of the County Palatine after February, 1377.-The arms of the Duchy of Lancaster were :

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"Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or; a label of three (sometimes of five) points azure, charged with fleurs-de-lis of the second." See Mr. S. Armitage-Smith's 'John of Gaunt' (1904), pp. 456–8. A. R. BAYLEY.

The marriage of this John of Gaunt with Constance, a natural daughter of Peter the Cruel, King of Castile and Leon, gave him, on the death of his father-in-law, a claim to the throne of Castile and Leon; and although his claim was not successful, he adopted as his arms, on a castle or a shield argent, charged with a lion rampant gules, of Spain. And in the cloisters at Canterbury the arms of Leon, still an important division may be seen a boss exhibiting the above heraldic charges in reference to this claim. Would not his cadency mark be the usual one appertaining to a fourth son, i.e., a martlet, or swallow without beak or feet?

J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL.

[The attention of U. V. W. is directed to MR. BAYLEY'S reply above.]

'OLD MOTHER HUBBARD ': ITS AUTHOR (10 S. x. 27).-There have been several inquiries regarding this nursery rime in 'N. & Q.'; see 2 S. ix. 244; 6 S. x. 468; xi. 234; 7 S. x. 187, 354; xi. 312, 417; 8 S. ii. 107; but nothing very satisfactory has been elicited. The first stanza is undoubtedly traditional; Miss Martin may have written some of the others, but I am disposed to think that her share in the work was confined to making sketches for the illustrations. Mr. John Pollexfen Bastard was M.P. for Devonshire from 1784 to his death on 4 April, 1816, and was perhaps the best-known Devonian of his time. There is a memoir of him in the 'D.N.B.' He married on 2 July, 1809, Judith Anne, third daughter of Sir Henry Martin, first baronet of Lockynge, co. Berks, and sister of the celebrated admiral Sir Thomas Byam Martin, G.C.B. Mrs. Bastard survived her husband more than thirty years, dying in 1848. Sarah Catherine Martin was the second daughter of Sir Henry, and it is this lady who illustrated the poem, which is believed to have been a political squib, though nobody knows against whom it was directed. She died unmarried in 1826.

I have a copy of the sequel, of which the dedication is correctly given by AYEAHR. The title, which I give below, shows that it was not a privately printed issue, but was published for sale by the most noted juvenile bookseller of the day :

"A Sequel to The Comic Adventures, | of | Old Mother Hubbard, and her Dog, | By | another Hand. London. | Published Feb 1st 1807, by J. Harris, Juvenile Library, corner of St. Paul's Church Yard. | and C. Knight, Windsor."

In my copy, which is coloured, the text and illustrations are engraved on copper. With regard to the "Old Mother Hubbard" tradition which was utilized by Spenser, attention may be invited to Prof. J. W. Hales's very interesting article in The Athenæum for 24 Feb., 1883 (No. 2887, p. 248), which suggests that the story may be derived from the legend of the dog-saint Hubert. W. F. PRIDEAUX.

CORNISH AND OTHER APPARITIONS (10 S. ix. 325, 392; x. 35, 51).—The full story of the South Petherwin-or, more correctly, the Botathen-ghost, summarized at the last reference by W. P. CA., the authorship of which has been commonly, but erroneously attributed to Defoe, was related by me at 8 S. viii. 221, 349. ALFRED F. ROBBINS.

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IRISH REBELLION OF 1798: CROTTY (10 S. ix. 510). As the fate of Crotty was that of hundreds in 1798, I fear that, unless some more definite data be given, Y. T. has difficult task before him. Crotty may have been one of those "chiefs " referred to in the autobiographical sketch of General F. R. Chesney quoted in his 'Life' (8vo, London, 1893), p. 44, who were

"taken by the patrols in the vicinity of Newry, and executed in the presence of all the troops. They were offered pardon on condition of giving some intelligence required by Government, which they declined, and died too bravely for such a

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only in parts of Down and Louth, this narrows the scope of inquiry, and I would suggest that Y. T. should consult, if he can, the files of Gordon's Newry Chronicle of that date. JOHN S. CRONE.

Kensal Lodge, N.W.

HARVEY'S BIRTHPLACE (10 S. x. 9).— John Aubrey, who was at Harvey's funeral, says:

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'William Harvey, M.D., natus at Folkestone in Kent: borne at the house which is now the posthouse, a faire stone-built house, which he gave to Caius College in Cambridge, with some lands there : vide his will. His brother Eliab would have given any money or exchange for it, because 'twas his father's and they all borne there; but the Doctor (truly) thought his memory would better be preserved this way, for his brother has left noble seates, and about 3000 li. per annum, at least.

"Hemsted in Essex towards Audeley End: ibi sepultus Dr Harvey."

Aubrey mentions his white marble statue “in the Library at the Physitians' Colledge,"

and continues :

"Dr Harvey added (or was very bountifull in contributing to) a noble building of Roman archipillasters) at the Physitians' College aforesaid, viz. tecture (of rustique worke, with Corinthian a great parlour (or a kind of Convocation-house') for the Fellowes to meet in, belowe; and a library, above......All these remembrances and building was destroyed by the generall fire." See Mr. Andrew Clark's edition of Aubrey's Brief Lives,' 1898, i. 295-7.

A. R. BAYLEY.

KING'S SILVER: LINCOLN COLLEGE (10 S. X. 47).-" King's silver" was a payment made to the king for liberty to compromise the fictitious and amicable suit which ended in a Fine (or Final Concord), and established This was a common method of conveying the title of a purchaser or donee of property. lands, and was also used for effecting transfers, by gift or sale, of advowsons and Church property. The "King's Silver Books for certain years exist at the Record Office, but some are not now legible. From these, or, if they are not available, from the Feet of Fines, or the Books of Entries of Fines, for Oxfordshire it may be possible to get a record of the actual transactions in respect of which the sums referred to were payable for the churches of Lincoln College. R. S. B.

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The royal borough of Woodstock contained the parish of Long Combe, and from the fact of the manor and honour of the former having continued in the Crown until the reign of Queen Anne, all Fines were necessarily payable to the Clerk of the King's Silver,

an officer belonging to the Court of Common Pleas,

"to whom every Fine is brought, after it hath been with the Custos Brevium [i.e., the principal clerk of the Common Pleas], and by whom the effect of the Writ of Covenant is entred in a Paper-Book, and according to that Note, all the Fines of that Term are also recorded in the Rolls of the Court, and his Entry is in this Form: He putteth the Shire over the Margin, and then saith: A.B. Dat Domino Regi dimidium Marcæ' (or more according to the value) pro licentia Concordandi C. cum C.D. pro talibus terris in tali villa, et habet Chirographum per pacem admissum,' &c."

King's silver itself is described by Cowel in his Interpreter,' 1701, as being "properly that Money due to the King in the Court of Common Pleas pro licentia concordandi,

in respect of a License then granted to any Man for

passing a Fine."-Vol. vi. fol. 39 and 43.

J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL.

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HARTLEY COLERIDGE (10 S. x. 49).-TwoX: poems by Hartley Coleridge-a song and a sonnet are to be found in The Gem for 1829, edited by Thomas Hood. The song is the familiar one beginning She is not fair to outward view." The opening

lines of the sonnet run thus :

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CONSTABLES AND LIEUTENANTS OF THE TOWER OF LONDON (10 S. ix. 61, 161, 243, 390, 490; x. 70).-I thank MR. BEAVEN for his courteous admission, and for his amendments, which, so far as supported by evidence, tend to the completeness of the catalogue. I have little to add. 'D.N.B.' has "Penington or Pennington." I do not know where the name is found with one n (possibly an autograph ?), for in Cal. S. P. Dom.,' Heylin's 'Help,' Whitelock, Overall's Index to Remembrancia,' and all else at hand I find two n's.

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the author says:

"A Fellow with a terrible Pair of Whiskers, and a Wooden Leg, being stuck round with Pistols, like the Man in the Almanack with Darts, comes swearing and vapouring upon the Quarter-Deck, and Asks in a Damning Manner, which was Captain Mackra."

The story is the more interesting in that the one-legged pirate, as pointed out in a recently published book on The Malabar Pirates,' is undoubtedly the prototype of Stevenson's John Silver in Treasure Island.' That worthy, it will be remembered, had served first with England, then with Flint." He had moreover sailed in the Cassandra (the ship taken from Capt. Mackra), and had been at the taking of the Viceroy of the Indies (i.e., of Goa), who was captured in a Portuguese ship of 70 guns which the pirates found dismasted at the island of Mascarine, near Mauritius. This was one of the most famous prizes in the annals of piracy, it being asserted by Johnson that there was on board, "in the single article of Diamonds, to the value of between three and four millions of Dollars." T. F. D.

DOLLS IN MAGIC (10 S. ix. 168).-The practice of employing images of wax, or sometimes of clay, with pins, needles, or thorns stuck into them, for the purpose of causing the death of a person supposed to be an enemy, is one of the commonest

criminal acts recorded of magicians. The Duchess of Gloucester's endeavour to kill Henry VI., whether the story be true or false, has found a place in history. We are told also that the life of Pope Urban VI. was attempted in a similar manner. The earliest instance, however, that occurs to me is Egyptian. There was a plot to kill Rameses III. in this way. The practice is heard of at Inverness in the earlier part of the eighteenth century; and I have been informed that similar acts of perfidy were practised at a much later time among the North American Indians.

I shall be glad to learn of any having been discovered in Great Britain during the last century.

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K. P. D. E.

So far as an ordinary reader can say, Elworthy's Evil Eye is the authority; There may be in The Golden Bough,' 2nd ed., or in Leland's 'Etruscan Roman Remains,' 1892, something; but the subject is really sympathetic magic. The index to 'The Golden Bough' shows nothing.

S. L. PETTY.

Miscellaneous.

NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.

The Seven against Thebes of Eschylus. Edited by
T. G. Tucker, Litt.D. (Cambridge, University
Press.)

days of Paley of forgetting that Eschylus is a poet as well as a difficult Greek author. As the Preface says regarding the edition, "Its object is the conscientious interpretation of the 'Septem' as a work of dramatic art and a monument of Greek literature. To this aim all else is subordinate."

This is an excellent aim, and the notes are sufficient as regards matters of language and usage. We wish,, however, that there was a list of as λeyóueva at the end-a list we have made dramatists. invariably in our own studies of all the Greek

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The editor's treatment of the text may be exhibited in the speech of Eteocles in which he says (1.257): "I vow to the country's guardian gods, whether they watch the fields or keep eye upon the mast, Διρκής τε πηγαῖς, οὐδ ̓ ἀπ ̓ Ἰσμηνὸν λέγω, that if good befall and the realm be saved, men shall steep the hearths of the gods in blood of sheep," &c. The second half of the line we have ing now given varies only from the MS. by changing left in Greek has been often emended. The read'Tounvou into 'lounyov, following Abresch, and means nor do I rule Ismenus out," i.e., "I vow to Dirce's streams, and Ismenus no less." This seems to us quite satisfactory, and far superior, at any rate, to xudar' 'Ioμevov λeyw (Weil's Teubner text), υδατί τ ̓ Ἰσμηνοῦ λέγω (Sidgwick, Oxford Classical Text"), and various wilder conjectures. Prof. Tucker himself once conjectured λovrpá T' 'Ioμevov, as he notes, but has now no doubt of the true correction. Dr. Verrall's Baotian form ov Sara is also very near the MS., but unexampled in Greek literature. In 1. 265 πολεμίων ἐσθήματα is the ancient days the raiment of the foe was a valuable subject of a valuable note, pointing out that in part of the spoil, and that the very word "robe " means booty. Cf. German Raub, and A.-S. reáf= clothing, spoil, plunder, as Prof. Skeat says in his Dictionary. We think that Prof. Tucker has fairly established a claim in these and other passages for a consideration of his views.

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The English translation is spirited and abounds in picturesque touches, as befits the occasion. Our only comment here is that the sentences are occasionally more broken up than is necessary, with the result of something like paraphrase instead of translation.

PROF. TUCKER's edition of 'The Seven against
Thebes' appears in the form we associate with
Jebb's Sophocles': Greek text on one page,
English prose translation on the facing page, and
below first critical and then textual notes. It is
the best possible arrangement for study, and Prof.
Tucker's work is of a quality which deserves
the compliment of ranking with the best Cambridge
scholarship. He follows, we are glad to find, the
tendency to believe in the Medicean MS. which is
the chief source of Eschylean text, and explain it
where possible, instead of indulging in wildly
ingenious conjecture. He dissents in the Intro-
duction from Wecklein, and in the matter of
"Geschmack" mentioned he will win the suffrages
of most scholars. He has that cultivation and
sense of poetry without which high degrees are
often gained, but which is necessary to control the
sense of assurance gained by the expert. He
has, of course, a great advantage in being ableA
to consult the excellent work on the play of
previous scholars, such as Dr. Arthur Sidgwick and
Dr. Verrall. His own contributions to the subject
show a wide range of erudition, and good judgment.
We are at once surprised and pleased to see a
special annotated section at the end devoted to the
Scholia of the Medicean. From their mistakes as
well as their correct conclusions much may be
learnt, as from Servius on Virgil. The presence of
English parallels-a page of which from Dr. Leeper
is also added in an Appendix - is satisfactory,
though there is less danger than there was in the

IN The Cornhill Magazine Mr. W. E. Norris has an amusing short story 'The Missing Links,' a comedy of marriage engagements. Mr. H. W. Lucy's continuation of his Sixty Years in the Wilderness' is full of interest, and shows the spirit and firmness with which he encountered various set-backs in his career. The article has many pleasant touches. Miss Virginia Stephen reviews Week in the White House with Theodore Roosevelt,' indicating the virtues which have endeared the President to the American People. He is "an alert machine, efficient in all its parts,' possessed of a remarkable sympathy, and his very limitations are those which appeal to the ordinary man. Mr. Bernard Capes has an amusing article on 'Bad Relations.' He makes pretty play with the old contention that no person could have been exactly what he was in real life or fiction with any other name than his own. The mother-in-law is a byword for discord, but the slander is much older than Mr. Capes seems to imagine. He explains that

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