A Practical Grammar of the Sanskrit Language: Arranged with Reference to the Classical Languages of Europe, for the Use of English Students
Clarendon Press, 1864 - 409 pàgines
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A Practical Grammar of the Sanskrit Language: Arranged with Reference to the ...
Sir Monier Monier-Williams
Visualització completa - 1877
3d sing A'tm ablative according added adjectives adverbs affix aorist Atmane base becomes beginning called Caus causal cause changed combination comes common Compare compound Cond conjugational consonant crude declension declined derived desiderative dropped English examples expressed feminine final formation four Freq frequently future give given grammar Greek Guna gunated imperative imperfect Impv inflection initial inserted joined language Latin lengthened letters mark masc masculine meaning nasal neuter nominative nouns Observe optionally Parasmai participle pass passive Past Past indecl Past pass perfect person Prec preceded prefixed prepositions Pres present preterite primitive pronoun reduplicated rejected relative remains roots ending rule Sanskrit sense short Similarly sometimes sound substantives substituted syllable tenses terminations usual verbs vowel written
Pàgina xii - PANINI'S arrangement is simple; but numerous exceptions and frequent digressions have involved it in much seeming confusion. The two first lectures (the first section especially, which is in a manner the key of the whole grammar) contain definitions ; in the three next are collected the affixes, by which verbs and nouns are inflected. Those which appertain to verbs occupy the third lecture : the fourth and fifth contain such as are affixed to nouns. The remaining three lectures treat of the changes...
Pàgina xii - Sutras renders them in the highest degree obscure; even with the knowledge of the key to their interpretation, the student finds them ambiguous. In the application of them, when understood, he discovers many seeming contradictions ; and, with every exertion of practised memory, he must experience the utmost difficulty in combining rules dispersed in apparent confusion through different portions of Panini's eight lectures.
Pàgina xii - The endless pursuit of exceptions and of limitations so disjoins the general precepts, that the reader cannot keep in view their intended connexion and mutual relation. He wanders in an intricate maze, and the clew of the labyrinth is continually slipping from his hands.
Pàgina xii - Let short a be held to have its organ of utterance Contracted, now we have reached the end of the work In which it was necessary to regard it as otherwise.
Pàgina 360 - having heard this, having thought to himself " this is certainly a dog," having abandoned the goat, having bathed, he went to his own house.
Pàgina xiii - Sanskrit, may be traced to the labour imposed, of thoroughly mastering these rules at the first entrance upon the study of the language. They form, as it were, a mountain of difficulty to be passed at the very commencement of the journey ; and the learner cannot be convinced that when once surmounted, the ground beyond may be more smooth than in other languages, the ingress to which is comparatively easy.
Pàgina xi - ... others, since Mr. Williams has aimed at doing away with the cumbrous method of the grammarians of India, which was too often followed by his predecessors. He says : — " It is to be regretted that the Pandits of India should have overlaid their system, possessing, as it does, undeniable excellencies, with a network of mysticism. Had they designed to keep the key of the knowledge of their language, and to shut the door against the vulgar, they could hardly have invented a method more perplexing...
Pàgina 132 - Hence it arises, that many roots appear in the 4th class as neuter verbs, which also appear in some one of the other nine as transitive. For example, yuj,
Pàgina 45 - By another learned philologist it is called "a primary sound, conveying some simple idea, which appears under different modifications in the derivatives from...
Pàgina xi - The outline of Panini's arrangement is simple, but numerous exceptions and frequent digressions have involved it in much seeming confusion. The first two lectures (the first section especially, which is in a manner the key of the whole grammar) contain definitions ; in the three next are collected the affixes by which verbs and nouns are inflected. Those which appertain to verbs occupy the third lecture ; the fourth and fifth contain such as are affixed to nouns. The remaining three lectures treat...