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have been long ago provided. The Catholic Dictionary, which appeared in a revised and enlarged form (Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co. Ltd.) in 1897, is a work of considerable merit; and in Germany a new Kontrovers Lexicon: Konfessionelle Streitfragen zwischen Katholiken wind Protestantem, under the editorship of Dr. Jos. Burg, is now in course of publication. As the present work has been produced under the auspices of the Protestant Reformation Society, questions connected with the Book of Common Prayer had to be specially treated. Many of those questions had necessarily to be viewed from the legal as well as the theological standpoint. Hence it has been necessary to enter into many details which at the present time interest peculiarly the Evangelical members of the Church of England. The advice often given on liturgical points by Mr. J. T. Tomlinson, who is a wellknown expert on all such questions, has been of great advantage, and he has afforded much assistance in the general revision of the work. The Editors have received valuable help, not only from distinguished personages in the Church of England, but also from many distinguished scholars and theologians belonging to the Churches of Scotland, and to the principal Free Churches of Great Britain and Ireland. The Protestant Dictionary thus affords a practical illustration of the substantial unity which exists on all essential points between the great Churches of the Reformation. Many able writers on the Protestant side have, from no lack of sympathy but from overpressure of work, been unable to contribute articles. Several who had promised larger assistance have found themselves unable to give it. The list of writers is a large one, and the Editors desire to thank them all heartily for their valuable contributions. The writers are to be held responsible only for their own articles. The Editors, and the Protestant Reformation Society which they represent, earnestly trust that the publication of the volume may in some measure tend to remove that ignorance and uncertainty on the points at issue between Protestants and Romanists, which, alas, is too common at this critical period of our history. They hope that the work may to some extent arrest the wave of indefinite religious opinion now spreading over the length and breadth of the land, even among Protestant Churches. They trust that it may enable Protestant preachers, lecturers, and Christians unversed in the Romish controversy, to bear witness to the truth with more power, and to testify in a spirit of love against all Romish errors. Those errors confuse divine verities; and they prevent that exercise of private judgment, which Holy Scripture everywhere assumes to be one of the first duties of man. They tend to weaken personal responsibility, destroy Christian liberty, sap “the virility” of the Nation, and imperil the salvation of souls.
Rev. W. H. M. H. AITREN, M.A., Canon Residentiary of Norwich.
Author of Mission Sermons (3 vols.); The School of Grace;
The Highway of Holiness; The Doctrine of Baptism, Mechanical
or Spiritual, &c.
Rev. FRANCIS WILLIAM AMEs, Theol. Assoc., King's College
London, formerly Chaplain in Royal Navy, and Vicar of Roade
Diocese of Peterborough.
M. E. AMEs, Author of Abra of Poictiers, A Story of the Days of
St. Hilary; Popular Lectures on Church History.
Rev. Professor J. AGAR BEET, D.D., Wesleyan College, Richmond.
Author of Commentaries on Romans (9th edit.), Corinthians
(7th edit.), Galatians (5th edit.), Ephesians, Philippians, Colos-
sians (3rd edit.); Credentials of the Gospel through Christ to
God (4th edit.); New Life in Christ (3rd edit.); The Last
Things (3rd edit.), &c.
Rev. HUBERT BROOKE, M.A., St. John's College, Cambridge,
Incumbent of St. Margaret's, Brighton. Author of The Vision
of the Candlestick; The Temple of His Body; Personal Con-
secration ; Studies in Leviticus, &c.
Rev. Robert BRUCE, M.A., D.D., Trin. Coll. Dub., D.D. Oxon.,
Rector of Littledean, Gloucester, late Vicar of St. Nichola
and Hon. Canon of Durham, formerly C.M.S. Missionary in
India and Persia, sometime Professor of Persian in University
College, London. Translator of the Bible and Book of Common
Prayer into Persian, &c.
Rev. WILLIAM BURNET, M.A., Ex-Scholar of Trinity College,
Dublin, Vicar of Childerditch.
Rev. C. J. CASHER, D.D., formerly Scholar of St. John's Coll.,
and 1st Theol. and Denyer and Johnson Schol, Univ. of
Rev. THOMAS CoNNELLAN, Editor of The Catholic, Dublin.
F. C. CoNYBEARE, M.A., formerly Fellow of University Coll.,
Oxford. Author of The Armenian Apology and Acts of
Apollonius, and other Monuments of Early Christianity; The
Dreyfus Case; Editor of Armenian Texts.
Rev. HENRY CowAN, D.D., Prof. of Church Hist. in the Univer-
sity of Aberdeen. Author of Influence of the Scottish Church
on Christendom, &c.
Rev. N. DIMock, M.A., St. John's College, Oxford. Author of
Doctrine of the Eucharistic Presence; Missarum Sacrificia;
Dangerous Deceits; Christian Doctrine of Sacerdotium, &c.
Rev. ANDREw R. FAUSSET, D.D., First Class Gold Medallist and
University Scholar of Trinity College, Dublin, Rector of St.
Cuthbert's and Canon of York. Author of Englishman's Bible
Cyclopædia; Scripture and the Prayer Book; Guide to Study
of the Prayer Book; of two vols. in the Critical and Explana-
tory Pocket Bible; of three vols. on The Critical and Experi-
mental Commentary; Commentary on Judges; Editor of Bengel's
Gnomon of the New Test, in English; Horae Paulinae, &c.
Rev. JAMEs FLEMING, B.D., Magd. Coll., Camb., Canon of York
and Rector of St. Michael's, Chester Square, London.
Rev. H. F. GASTER, M.A., Corpus Christi Coll., Cambridge, Curate
of St. Michael, Chester Square, London.
MARGARET DUNLoP GIBSON, LL.D., of St. Andrew's Univer-
sity, D.D., Heidelberg. Editor of Arabic Version of Epist. to
Romans, Corinthians, Galatians, and Ephesians in the Convent of
St. Katharine, Mount Sinai (Studia Sinait, ii.); Catalogue of the
Arabic MSS. in the Convent of St. Katharine (Stud. Sin. iii.);
Apocrypha Sinaitica (Stud. Sin. v.), &c. Cambridge. Didas-
calia Apostolorum in Syriac and English.
Rev. S. R. GILPIN, Theol. Assoc. of King's Coll., London,
Chaplain to Hackney Union and Infirmary.
Rev. J. GoRDON GRAY, M.A., D.D., Presbyterian Chaplain,
Rev. A. W. GREENUP, M.A., Camb. and Dub. ; Carus Greek Test.
Prizeman, Tyrwhitt Heb. Schol., &c., Principal of St. John's
Hall, Highbury. Author and Editor of Targum on Lamenta-
tions; The Commentary of R. Tobia ben Elieser, on Lamentations,
and other works.
Rev. F. J. HAMILTON, D.D., Wall Bibl. Schol., 1st Prizeman
in Hebrew, Chald., and Syr., and 1st Cl. Div. Test, Trinity
College, Dublin. Joint-Translator of The Chronicle of Zachariah
of Mitylene; Author of The Best Book of All and How it Came
to Us, &c.
Rev. GEORGE HANSON, M.A., of Royal Univ., Ireland, D.D., &c.
Minister of Marylebone Presbyterian Church, London.
Rev. J. B. HEARD, M.A., formerly Schol. and Exhib. of Caius
College; 1st Class Mor. Sci. Trip., Hulsean Prizeman (1852),
and Hulsean Lecturer (1892), in the Univ. of Cambridge.
Author of Tripartite Nature of Man, 5th edit. ; Old and New
Rev. John HERKLEss, D.D., Regius Professor of Eccl. Hist. in the
University of St. Andrews. Author of Cardinal Beaton, Priest
and Politician; Richard Cameron, Francis and Dominic, &c.
THOMAS HoDGKIN, D.C.L. Author of Italy and her Invaders.
Rev. CHARLEs Hole, B.A., Trin. Coll. Camb. (Wrangler), Lecturer
on Eccl. Hist, King's Coll., London. Author of A Manual of
the Book of Common Prayer; Early Missions in the British
Islands; By-Paths of English Church History, &c.
Rev. J. E. Hutton, M.A., Moravian Minister, Belfast.
LIST OF WRITERS' NAMES ix
Rev. M. E. W. Johnson, Th.A., 1st Cl., and Prizeman of King's
Coll., London, Rector of Thelveton, Scole. -
Rev. J. C. LAMBERT, M.A., B.D. Author of The Sacraments in the
New Test. (Kerr Lectures, 1903).
Rev. T. H. L. LEARY, D.C.L., Oxon. ; late Editor of The Re-
visionist, and the Rock, Author of Christian Jewels, &c. Vicar
of St. Philip's, Avondale Square, London, N.E.
WALTER A. LIMBRick, Secretary of the Protestant Reformation
The Very Rev. W.M. LEFRoy, D.D., Dean of Norwich, Donnellan
Lecturer in the Univ. of Dublin, 1887–88. Author of The
Christian Ministry; History of Norwich Cathedral; Im-
mortality of Memory and other Sermons, &c.
Rev. T. M. LINDSAY, D.D., Principal of New College, Glasgow.
Author of The Church and the Ministry in the Early Centuries;
Luther and the German Reformation; Luther, in the Cambridge
Rev. RICHARD LovETT, M.A., Sec. of the R.T.S. Author of The
Printed English Bible, 1525–1884; The English Bible in the
John Rylands Library, &c.
Rev. ALEx. MACKENNAL, D.D., Bowdon, Cheshire; Chairman of
the Council of Mansfield Coll., Oxford. Author of Story of the
English Separatists; Homes and Haunts of the Pilgrim Fathers;
Sketches in the Evolution of Congregationalism (Carew Lect.
1900–1); The Eternal Son of God and the Human Sonship, &c.
Rev. D. S. MARGoLIoUTH, M.A., D. Litt., Fellow of New College,
Laudian Professor of Arabic in the University of Oxford.
Author of Lines of Defence of the Biblical Revelation, &c.
Editor of Comm. of Japhet Ibn Ali the Karaite on Daniel
(Anect. Oxon.), &c.
J. PAYNE MARGoLioUTH, Oxford. Editor of A Compendious Syriac
Rev. H. J. R. MARSTON, M.A., Hatfield Hall, Durham, Univ. Clas.
Schol. and Fell. of Univ. of Durham, Incumbent of Belgrave
Rev. FREDERICK MEYRick, M.A., late Fellow and Tutor of Trin. Coll.,
Oxford, Rector of Blickling, Norwich, and Non-Resident Canon
of Lincoln. Author of The Doctrine of the Church of England
in the Holy Communion re-stated; Scriptural and Catholic
Faith and Worship ; Old Anglicanism; Sunday Observance, &c.
The Right Rev. HANDLEY C. G. MoULE, D.D., late Norrisian
Prof. in the Univ. of Cambridge, Lord Bishop of Durham.
Author of Comm. on Romans and Ephesians in Cambridge
Bible; Comm. on Philippians; Philippian Studies; Colossian
Studies; Bishop Ridley on the Lord's Supper, &c.
R. H. MURRAY, Worcester.
Rev. CHARLEs NEIL, M.A., Trin. Hall, Camb., Vicar of St.
Mary's, Stamford Brook, London. Author of The Expositor's
Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans; The Teacher's
Synoptical Syllabus; Joint-Editor of Thirty Thousand Thoughts (6 vols.). Rev. JAMEs NEIL, M.A. Author of Palestine Explored, &c. Rev. THOMAs Nicol, D.D., Professor of Divinity and Biblical Criticism in the Univ. of Aberdeen. Author of Recent Archaeology and the Bible (Croall Lect. 1898), and Recent Exploration of Bible Lands, &c. Rev. T. CLIFFORD O'Connor, M.A., Rector of Donoughmore, Canon of Christ Church, Dublin. Rev. Professor JAMES ORR, D.D., Professor of Apologetics and Systematic Theology, United Free Church College, Glasgow. . Author of Christian View of God and the World as Centering in the Incarnation (Kerr Lecture, 1890–91); Ritschlian Theology and the Evangelical Faith; Neglected Factors in the Study of the Early Progress of Christianity; Ritschlianism; Expository and Critical Essays ; David Hume : His Influence on Philosophy and Theology. ARTHUR S. PEAKE, M.A., late Fellow of Merton College, and Lecturer in Mansfield College, Oxford, Professor in the Primitive Methodist College, Manchester, and Lecturer in Lancashire Independent College. Rev. FRED. J. Powicke, Ph.D. Author of John Morris of Bemerton; Henry Barrow, Separatist, &c., Hatherlow Parsonage, Stockport. Rev. J. H. Rigg, D.D., late Principal of the Wesleyan Training College, Westminster; twice President of the Wesleyan Methodist Conference. Author of Oxford High Anglicanism and its chief Leaders, 2nd edit. enlarged with Appendix; A Comparative View of Church Organisations, Primitive and Protestant, 3rd edit. enlarged; Modern Anglican Theology, 3rd edit. with Memoirs of Charles Kingsley and Personal Remimiscences; The Living Wesley, 3rd edit., &c. Rev. ALEx. ROBERTSON, D.D., Cavaliere of the Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus, Italy. Author of Fra Paolo Sarpi; The Bible of St. Mark; Catholic Reform; The Roman Catholic Church in Italy, &c. Rev. GEORGE SALMoN, D.D., Hon. D.C.L., Oxon., Hon. LL.D., Camb., &c., Hon. D.D., Edinburgh, F.R.S., Provost of Trinity College, Dublin, and formerly Regius Professor of Divinity in the University of Dublin. Author of Conic Sections, and other mathematical works; Introd. to New Test. (7th edit.); Infallibility of the Church, &c. Rev. JAMES SILVESTER, M.A., Worcester Coll., Oxford, Vicar of Great Clacton, Colchester. Author of The Christian Covenant, &c. Rev. Professor J. S. SIMON, Didsbury College, Manchester. J. W. STANDERwick, Hon. Sec. of the Wyclif Society. C. P. STEwART, M.A., Trin. Coll., Camb., J.P. Author of Vatican Influence under Pius V, and Gregory XIII. ; The Revival of Religious Mendicant Orders; Memorials of the Stewarts of Fothergill, &c.