Imatges de pÓgina

ginal ones of my own; and he will not, I hope, think that the perusal of it has been time ill-bestowed.

A considerable part of what I had composed for the use of my pupils in the first part of this work, which is, in its own nature, more trite than the rest, I have here omitted ; retaining only as much as was necessary to preserve the appearance of an uniform System in the whole, and those parts which were the most original.

The last part of the work, relating to elocution, I never composed, though I should have done it, if I had continued longer in that employment. The reason of this omission was, that it was my custom (as I believe it is still that of my successors in that department of the academy, and it is certainly : a most useful one) to have lectures appropriated folely to the business of elocution, which all the ftudents who were designed for public speakers constantly attended, at least once a week. At these lectures great pains were taken to form the pupils to a habit of just and graceful delivery; and the instructions were given as occasion required; so that the redu cing of them to writing was by no means necessary.

It may be thought by some, that these lectures are much too port, and too concisely written, for the purpose of public instruction : but they should be apprized, that it was my custom to write down only the outlines of what I delivered in the class ; that, for the benefit of my pupils, I used to attend them provided with more copious illustrations, and a greater variety of examples; and, besides, always spent a considerable part of the time appropriated to every lecture in examining them on the subject of the preceding lecture, hearing their remarks or objections, and explaining more distinctly what they appeared not to have clearly understood.

Upon this plan (which I found by experience to be a very useful one, and which I mention so particularly here, with a view to recommend it to other tutors) it was not necessary for me to write out more than a short, though connected text, from which to discourse extempore; a method which engages the attention unspeakably more than formally reading every thing from notes. my

custom also to leave a fair copy of what I wrote in the lecture-room, that the pupils might have recourse to it, and study it at their leisure, so as to be


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better prepared for examination at the ensuing lec

What I now publish is the text above mentioned, with some improvements which have since occurred to me.

The same method I took with respect to every other subject on which I gave lectures; with this difference, that those on the Theory of Languages and Universal Grammar were printed for the use of the pupils. This work I have promised, in the preface to my English Grammar, to revise, and publish at my leisure'; and if these should have the good fortune to give satisfaction, I may, in due time, proceed to publish another Course of Lectures, viz. on the Study of History and General Policy; which, indeed, I have promised to publish, in the preface to my Esay on the first Principles of Go

The public may be assured, that, as I have not hitherto, I shall not, in future, obtrude upon them any work, that shall not appear to myfelf, however mistaken I may be in my judgment, both considerably original and useful.



Τ Η Ε C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.


LECT. XI. Of Taste, and the Nature of FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE, 71

LECT. XII. I be Division of this Part of the Work into what affects

the Passions, JUDGMENT, and IMAGINATION.-Of the Effeet of Vivid

REPRESENTATION, the Use of the Present Tense in describing past

Scenes, and of PARTICULAR Names and CIRCUMSTANCES,


LECT. XIII. Of the Tendency of strong Emotions to produce BELIEF,

and the transferring of Passions from one Obje&t to another,


LECT. XIV. Of the Influence of the Pasons on each other, and other

Circumstances relating to strong Emotions of Mind,


LEC т.


LECT. XV. Of Forms of Address adapted to gain Beliefs and, first,

of those that imply present THOUGHT, and an UNPŘEMEDITATED ExPRESSION,

Page 108 LECT. XVI. Of OBJECTIONS, SUPPRESSION of what might be said, and Marks of CANDOUR,

U6 LECT. XVII. Of the PLEASURES OF IMAGINATION in general, and of the Standard of GOOD TASTE,

125 LECT. XVIII. A general Account of the Pleasure we receive from

Objeets that occafion a moderate Exertion of our Faculties, LECT. XIX. Of Novelty,

146 LECT. XX. Of the SUBLIME,

151 LECT. XXI. Of the Pleasure we receive from Uniformity, and Variety; and first of Comparisons,

164 LECT. XXII. Of the Nature of METAPHORS,

181 LECT. XXIII. Rules for the Use of METAPHORS; and of AlleGORIES,

188 LECT. XXIV. Of Contrast in general, and particularly of Wit, the risible, and the ridiculous,

197 LECT. XXV. Of BURLESQUE, Parody, the Mock-Heroic, Hu



247 LECT. XXX. Of IMITATION, and the Satisfa&tion we receive from the Completeness of Things,

261 LECT. XXXI. Of CLIMAX, and the Order of Words in a Sentence, 275 LECT. XXXII. Of Perspicuity in Style.

281 LECT. XXXIII. Of the Resemblance between Sound and Sense, 289 LECT. XXXIV. Of HARMONY in Verse,

298 LECT. XXXV. Of Harmony in Prose,


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