Virtuous Bodies: The Physical Dimensions of Morality in Buddhist Ethics
Oxford University Press, 20 de jul. 2007 - 200 pàgines
Virtuous Bodies breaks new ground in the field of Buddhist ethics by investigating the diverse roles bodies play in ethical development. Traditionally, Buddhists assumed a close connection between body and morality. Thus Buddhist literature contains descriptions of living beings that stink with sin, are disfigured by vices, or are perfumed and adorned with virtues. Taking an influential early medieval Indian Mah=ay=ana Buddhist text-'S=antideva's Compendium of Training ('Sik,s=asamuccaya)-as a case study, Susanne Mrozik demonstrates that Buddhists regarded ethical development as a process of physical and moral transformation. Mrozik chooses The Compendium of Training because it quotes from over one hundred Buddhist scriptures, allowing her to reveal a broader Buddhist interest in the ethical significance of bodies. The text is a training manual for bodhisattvas, especially monastic bodhisattvas. In it, bodies function as markers of, and conditions for, one's own ethical development. Most strikingly, bodies also function as instruments for the ethical development of others. When living beings come into contact with the virtuous bodies of bodhisattvas, they are transformed physically and morally for the better. Virtuous Bodies explores both the centrality of bodies to the bodhisattva ideal and the corporeal specificity of that ideal. Arguing that the bodhisattva ideal is an embodied ethical ideal, Mrozik poses an array of fascinating questions: What does virtue look like? What kinds of physical features constitute virtuous bodies? What kinds of bodies have virtuous effects on others? Drawing on a range of contemporary theorists, this book engages in a feminist hermeneutics of recovery and suspicion in order to explore the ethical resources Buddhism offers to scholars and religious practitioners interested in the embodied nature of ethical ideals.
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a¯tmabha¯va Abhidharmakośa argues arhats ascetic discourse attract living beautiful friends Bendall bodhi bodhicitta bodhisattva bodies bodhisattva discipline bodhisattva ideal bodhisattva vow bodies of magical bodily sacrifice body and morality body discourse body ka¯ya Buddha Buddha’s body buddhahood Buddhist ethics Buddhist literature Buddhist Monasticism Buddhist texts Buddhist traditions Compendium of Training Compendium of Training’s cooking defilements Devadatta Dharma dharma body discourse on bodies discussion enjoyment eternal essence ethical development etiquette and deportment female foul heartminds hermeneutics Ibid ideal ethical impermanent intrinsic and eternal karma karmic kinds of bodies lust Madhyamaka Maha¯ya¯na Buddhist Mahāyāna meditations and philosophical merit monastic monastic bodhisattvas monk Nattier Ohnuma one’s Pāli passage pendium of Training perspective on reality physical and moral physiomoral discourse prasa¯da purifying bodied quotation S´a¯ntideva Samvara Sanskrit sattvas scholars Sikshasamuccaya story Sudhana teaching bodhisattvas text’s Therava¯da Theravāda thirty-two marks Tibetan transformative effects translation ultimate perspective Vakkali Vasubandhu verse summary virtues virtuous bodies women