Imatges de pàgina



Ægātes insulæ, three islands on the western coast of Sicily, between Lily.

bæum and Drepanum; viz. Ægusa, Phorbantia, and Hiera; now

the Agadian Islands, Favignana, Levanso, and Maritimo. Æqui, or Æquicolæ. See Volsci, at the end. Æsis, a river forming the northern boundary of Picenum, and the southern

of Umbria, near the mouth of which stands Ancona. Alba Longa, a town of Latium, southeast of Rome. Albanus Mons, a

hill, on a ridge of which Alba stood, the scene of the Latina

Feriæ. Albüla, the ancient name of the Tiber. Algidus, a hill in Latium, in the territory of the Æqui. Alia; see Note, B. 5, 37. Allīfá, or Allifæ, a town in Samnium; now Alife, in the Neapolitan Prov.

Terra di Lavoro. Allobroges, a people of Gaul, living on the Rhone, north of the Isère, who

occupied most of what is called Savoy, and the northern part of

Dauphiné. Capital was Vienna, now Vienne. Amiternum, a town of the Sabines, on the Aternus. Antemnæ, a Sabine town, on the Anio. Antium, a town of Latium, south of Rome, about six miles from the mouth

of the Tiber. Apiõlæ, a Latin town, taken by Tarquinius Priscus. Apulia, a district of Lower Italy. Comp. Aufidus. Arar, a river in Gaul, now the Saone. Arbocala, according to Polybius and Livy, a town of the Vaccæi in Spain,

(which word see ;) according to others, of the Vettones in Lusitania. Arděa, chief town of the Rutuli in Latium, not quite a mile from the sea;

now Ardea ir the Papal St: les. Argiletum. See Note, B. 1, c. 1o. Aricia, a town ir Latium, on the Appian Way. Ariminum, a town in Umbria, on the Adriatic Sea; now Rimini in the

Papal States. Arnus, a river in Etruria ; now the Arno. Arpi, a town in western Apulia, (Daunia.) Arretium, .n Etrurian town near the Apennines; the modern Artesso

in Tuscany. Ania, a wood in the neighborhood of Rome.

Atellani, inhabitants of Atella, a small town in Campania, between Nea-

polis and Capua; near the modern town Aversa, in the kingdom

of Naples.
Athanagia, chief town of the Ilergetes, in Spain. See Ilergetes.
Aventinus, sc. mons, or Aventinum, one of the seven hills of Rome. See

Aufidus, a river in Apulia, dividing that district into two parts, of which

the eastern was called Daunia, and the western Peucetia ; the

modern Ofanto.
Ausetani, a people of Spain, in the northeastern part of the modern Cata-


Baleares, or Baleares insulæ, called by the Greeks Gymnesiæ, two islands

in the Mediterranean, which belonged to Hispania Tarraconensis;
Bal. major, now Majorca; Bal. minor, now Minorca. The inhab-
itants were called Baleares, and were celebrated as slingers,

Baldev, See Ebusus.
Bargusii, a people of Spaiu, near the Pyrenees. According to Mannert,

they formed a part of the Ilerget
Beneventum, a town in Samnium ; now Benevento, in the Neapolitan

Province, Farther Principato, but belonging to the Papal States.
Boii, a powerful tribe in Cisalpine Gaul, whose settlements were on the

south of the Po, and extended beyond the modern Parma, Modena,

and Bologna.
Bovianum, a town in Samnium ; now Boiano, in the Neapolitan Province

Brixiani, inhabitants of Brixia, chief town of the Cenomanni in Gallia

Transpadana ; the modern Brescia.
3ruttii, a people in the southern extremity of Italy, inhabiting the district

Bruttium, the modern Calabria. Comp. Lucani.


ænina, a Sabine town. Inhabitants, Cæninenses, Canini.
'ære, a city in Etruria, northwest of Rome, now Cerveteri in the Papal

States. In the vicinity were springs, called Carites, or Carētes.
Salatia, a town in Campania; now Capazzo, in the Neapolitan Province,

Terra di Lavoro. Calatinus.
Cales, a town in Campania ; now Calvi, in the Neapol. Prov., Terra di

Lavoro. Calenus.
Callicula, sc. mons, a mountain chain in Campania, stretching from Cales

eastward towards the Vulturnus.
Jannæ, a village in Apulia, on the right bank of the Aufidus; now Canne,

in the Neapol. Prov., Terra di Bari.
Canusium, a city in Apulia, near the right bank of the Aufidus; now

Canosa, in the Neapol. Prov., Terra di Bari.
Capena, a town in Etruria, north of Rome. It was probably near the

Tiber, not far from the site of the modern village of Fiano.
Capena, Porta, a gate of Rome, on the east, from which issued the road

leading to Capena. See Plan of Rome.
Capitolinus, Mons, one of the seven hills of Rome. See Plan.

Capua, the capital of Campania, situated near the modern village of St.

Maria, in the Neapol. Prov., Terra di Lavoro.
Carpetani, a people of Spain, whose territory was bounded on the north

by the Durius, (Duero,) on the west by Lusitania, on the south
by the Oretani, and on the east by the Celtiberi; i. e. the modern
Valladolid, south of the Duero, the provinces of Avila and Segovia,
the greatest part of Guadalaxara, and most of the central part of

Toledo. Cities: Tolētum, (Toledo) Contrebia, Segovia, etc.
Cartala, capital of the Olcades, Liv. 21, 4. Others, however, read in that.

passage, Carteia, which Polybius, 1, 13, mentions as a town on

the Fretum Gaditanum. Another reading still is Althæa.
Carthago nova, a city in Spain; the modern Carthagena in Murcia.
Casilinum, a city in Campania, on the river Vulturnus; the modern Ca-

pua, in the Neapol. Prov., Terra di Lavoro.
Casinum, a town of the Volsci, in Latium, on the site of which is the

modern town of St. Germano. Adject. Casinas.
Castŭlo, a city in Spain, near the source of the river Bætis; according to

Mannert, the modern Cazorla, in Jaen.
Caudinæ Furculæ, a mountain pass in Samnium, on the road from Capua

to Beneventum.
Celtiberia, territory of the Celtiberi, the most numerous people of Spain,

who lived in the southwestern part of the modern Arragonia, in
the south of Navarra, in eastern Old Castile, (Prov. Soria,) and

northeastern New Castile, (Prov. Cuença.)
Cenomāni, or Cenomanni, a Celtic people in Cisalpine Gaul, on the north

side of the Po, in the neighborhood of he modern Brescia, Mantua,

and Verona.
Cercina, an island in the Syrtis Minor, on the coast of Africa ; now Ker-

kennas, or Kerkine.
Circeii ; see Note, B. 2, 39.
Clastidium, a town in Liguria ; now Chiastegyio.
Clusium, an Etrurian town, northwest of Rome.
Cælius, Mons, one of the seven hills of Rome. See Plan.
Collatia, a Latin town, a little to the north of Gabii.
Collina, Porta, one of the gates of Rome. See Plan.
Corbio ; see Note, B. 2, 39.
Corioli; see Note, B. 2, 39.
Cornicúlum, a Latin town, taken by Tarquinius Priscus.
Cortona, a city of Etruria, one and a half geographical miles northwest of

Lacus Trasimenus; now Cortona, in Tuscany.
Cremona, a city on the northern bank of the Po, in Cisalpine Gaul; now

Cremonis jugum; otherwise called Alpis Graia, the modern Little St.

Bernard. See Note on B. 21, 38; and the Map of the Passage

of Hannibal.
Croton, or Croto, or Crotona, a city in Magna Græcia on the Gulf of

Tarentum; now Cotrone.
Crustumerium, a town near Rome, colonized by Romulus.
Cures, a Sabine town, on the Via Salaria.


Druentia, a river in Gaul ; now the Durance.
Delphi, a town in Phocis, and the seat of the celebrated oracle of Apollo


Ebůsus insula, the largest of the islands called Pityuse, off the coast of

Spain; now called Ivica ; by some ranked among the Balearic

islands.-See Note, 21, 21.
Emporiæ, or Emporium, a Greek colonial town in Spain; now Empurias

in Catalonia.
Eryx, a mountain on the nort' west coast of Sicily, now called St. Giuli-
Esquiliæ, one of the seven hills of Rome.—See Plan.
Etovissa, a town of the Edetani in Spain.
Euganei, a people who lived in the north of Italy.



Fæsúlæ, a city in Etruria ; the modern village of Fiesole, near Florence.
Falerii, a city of the Falisci in Etruria.
Falernus ager, a district of Campania, celebrated for its wines.
Ferentinum.--See Note, B. 2, 38.
Ficana, a town taken by Ancus Marcius.
Formiæ, a city in Latium, on the coast, near the site of which is the

little town of Mola.
Fretum Siculum, the Straits between Italy and Sicily, now Faro di

Messina, or Straits of Messina.


Gabri, a Latin town betwer n Rome and Præneste.
Gades, a city in Spain, iuw Cadiz. In its vicinity was a celebrated

temple of Hercules.
Genua, a town in Liguria ; now Genua, Genoa, in the Kingdom of Sar-

Geronium, a town in Daunia.


Heraclēa, a city in Magna Græcia near the mouth of the Siris.
Herculis Columnæ, Pillars of Hercules, two mountains on the opposite

shores of the Gulf of Gibraltar; Calpe, (Gibraltar,) in Spain, and

Abyla, (Cape Serra,) in Africa.
Hermandica, a city of the Vaccæi, in Spain.
Hirpini, a people of Samnium, who occupied the country which is now

the Farther Principato of the kingdom of Naples.
Hispaniæ. Livy frequently uses this plural, in reference to Hispania

citerior and Hispania ulterior ; the former the eastern part of
Spain, afterwards called Tarraconensis, and the latter the southern

and western parts, Lusitania and Bætica.
Honosca; see Onusa.


Ibērus, the Ebro, river in Spain.
Ilergavonenses, or Lergavonenses, or Ilercaonenses, a people in Spain,

east of the Edetani, on both sides of the Ebro, and near its mouth.
Ilergetes, the most extensive people living between the Ebro and tho

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