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André (Bernard), his account of

Perkin Warbeck, cxxi. 205; his

merits as an historian, 222
André (John, 1751-1780), story of

his being jilted by Miss Sneyd,

cxxvi. 462
Andrews (Dr.), his recent researches

in chemical science, cxxxiii. 161
Andronicus II. (Palæologus the Elder,

Emperor of Constantinople, 1200-
1322), his quarrel with Athana-

sius, cxxi. 482
Angarville (Richard, alias de Bury,

Bishop of Durham 1287–1345),

his book collections, cxxxix. 14
Angel, use of the word, by Shak-

speare, cxxx. 97, 98
Angelico (Fra Giovanni da Fiesole,

1387-1454), character of his

paintings, cxxii. 97
Angelo (Michael de Buonarotti,

1474–1564). See Michael Angelo
Anglesea, etymology of, cxi. 361
Anglican Rubric. See Rubric, An-

glican
Anglican Synod, proposal of, for Sep-

tember 24, 1867, cxxvi. 121;
doubtful advantage of the scheme,

123
Anglo-Saxons, the phrase criticised,

cxxi. 37 ; M. Taine's description of,
295, 296

influence of Northern cos-
tumes on, cxl. 251, 254; their

meagre literature, 255
Angus (or Forfar), County of, cxx.

309; interest attached to, ib.; in-
dustrial revolution in, 310; early
accounts of, ib.; four natural di-
visions of, 311; the Braes of
Angus, ib.; Strath Mohr, Sidlaw,
and the maritime district from
Gowryburn to the Northesk, 312;
geology of, 313; the Forfarshire
Fishbed, 314; supposed Druidical
remains, 315; ancient human ha-
bitations, 316; early fortalices, ib.;
Roman antiquities, 317; sculp-
tured stones, ib.; Cathedral Church

of Brechin, 318; history of the
town of Forfar, 319; the borough
of Montrose, 320; Abbey of Ar-
broath, ib.; legendary notice of
Dundee, 321 ; condition of, in the
time of Bruce, 323; the battle of
Harlaw, 324; lords of the soil in,
326; Norman and foreign pro-
prietors, ib.; effects of the Refor-
mation in, 327 ; scholars exiled
from, 329; condition of, under the
Covenanters, 330; fines imposed by
Cromwell on the gentry of, 331;
tranquil during the Restoration,
ib.; occasional Highland raids in,
ib.; effects of the Revolution,
332; confiscations after the two
Rebellions, 333, 334; industrial
history of, 335; linen trade with
the Low Countries, 336; spinning-
mills in, 339; architectural fea-

tures of, 344
Animals, acclimatisation of, cxi. 161;

scientific value of menageries,
162; rare additions to domesticated
animals since the Christian era,
163; primary objects of the Zoolo-
gical Society, ib. ; the Societé
d'Acclimatation, ib.; the vivaria at
Paris, 164; importation of foreign
deer to England, 165; and of
elands, 167, 169; the koodoo, ib. ;
the spring-bok, 170; the hippopo-
tamus, 174 ; chimpanzees, 177;
successful introduction of giraffes,
179; death of bisons from pleuro-
pneumonia, 180; acclimatisable
birds, 181; gallinaceous varieties,
183; the black-necked swan, 184;
varieties of geese, 186; the sala-
mander at Amsterdam, 187 ; pre-
sent infancy of domestication as a
science, 188

belief in creation of, from
mineral sources, cxxv. 389

intermixture of, during the
Quaternary period of geology,
cxxxii. 445

faculty of reason among the

ܪ

higher grades of, cxxxiii. 172; their sense of humour, ib. ; qualities shared by man, ib. ; borderland

between reason and instinct, 173 Animals, structural identity of, with

man, cxxxiv. 197; physical differences, 201; emotions shared in common, 209; their faculty of imitation, 210; other intellectual qualities of, . (see Man); theory of

sexual selection, 229, 234 Animal life, forms of. See Zoology Animism, supposed primitive belief

in, cxxxix, 435 Anjou, publications respecting.cxxvii.

77; traditions of the English occupation, ill. ; etymology of the word, 79; prehistoric monuments, ib.; the dolmen of Bagneux, 80; conquered by the Romans, 81; their colony Egada, ib.; Christianity introduced, 82; monastic system in, 83; conquered by Chilperic the Frank, ib.; fragmentary knowledge of, under his successors, 84; the dowry of Charlemagne's sister, Bertha, ib.; creation of hereditary countships, 85; ravages of the Norsemeu, 86; their evacuation of Angers, ib.; their colony in Anjou, ib.; Ingelgerian Counts of, " beyond the Maine,' 87; Foulques II., ib.; Wars of Foulques Nerra, ib., 88; Geoffrey Martel, ib.; relations with Rome, ib.; rise of Benedictine convents, 89; monks of St. Maur, ib.; Abbey of Fontevrault, 90; Foulques V., ib.; his son Geoffrey, ib.; secured by treaty to Henry II., ib.; his goyernment, 91; relations of Richard I. with, 92 ; siege of Angers, ib.; struggle between feudalism and monarchy, 93; Louis LX. and his brother Charles, ib.; glories of the house of Anjou-Sicily, 94; the Duke Réné, 05; later royal dukes of Anjou, 96; wars of religion in, 97; the Reformation in, ib., 98;

massacre at Monsoreau, 99; Jesuit College at La Flêche, ib. ; interval of religious toleration, ib., 100; Huguenot persecutions in, 101 ; republican sympathies punished by the Vendean bands, ib.;

prospects of prosperity, 101, 102 Anna (Empress of Russia, 1693–

1740), her quarrel with Marshal Saxe, cxx. 519, 520; her accession,

525 Anne (Queen of England, 1664· 1714), her love of gossip and mystery, cxviii. 414; her critical state of health in 1713, 425; her death, 427

Earl Stanhope's History of her reign, cxxxii. 519; Jacobite acquiescence in her succession, 5:30; relations with Parliament, 531; conduct to the Pretender, 532 ; religious reaction against the Jacobites, 53+; collapse of Tory policy, ib.; condition of society, 5:35 ; monied and professional classes, 5.37; decrease of population, 538; unfavourable conditions of life, ib.; ignorance of science, 539; weavers' strike3, 541 ; literary aspect of her reign, ib.; compared with present literature, 545; habits of authors, 518; sketches of her Court by Burnet and Lord Chesterfield, 553 ; epigram as

cribed to, ib. note. Anne of Cleves (Queen of Henry

VIII.), Holbein's portrait of, cxxv.

436 Annenkoff (M.), his Commentary on

the Franco-German War, cxxxv.

151 Ansell (G. F.), his improved safety

lamp for mines, cxxv. 559-561 Anselm (Archbishop of Canterbury,

born about 103+, died 1109), his doctrine of the internal evidence of Revelation, cxiii. 485

- his religious character, cxxi.

39, 40

D

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104;

Antarctic Pole, theory of a continent

tory of, 85; Papal condemnations
at, cxii. 311; discoveries of Sir

of, ib. ; neglected after the thir-
James Ross, ib.

teenth century, 87; Gospel of
Antelopes, adapted to English Nicodemus, 88; collations by Fa-

climate, cxi. 167 ; the eland, ib. bricius, ib.; later commentators
Anthropological Review,' absurd and contributors, 89; translated by

illustration of hereditary influ- Voltaire, ib.; Dr. Thilo's Codes, ib.;
ences in, cxxxii. 106

Protevangelium of James, 93 ;
Antichrist. See Apocalypse ; Rénan, Gospel ascribed to St. Thomas, 95;
M.

stories of the infancy of Christ, 96 ;
Antigua, prosperity of planters in, Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew, 97;
cxv. 48

the Gesta and Acta Pilati, ib.;
• Anti-Jacobin,' the, unequal char&c- episode of the Descent to Hell, 98;

ter of, cxxxv. 475; perplexing his- fragments of real tradition con-
tory of, ib.

cerning Christ, 100; probable ob-
Antioch, Church of. See Melitius ject of their composition, 102;
Antonello (da Messina, Italian pain- their poetic value examined, 103;

ter, 1414–1493), cxxxv. 140; intro- not written in the spirit of impos-
duces oil-painting from Flanders, ture, ib.; animating motive of,
ib.

their inferiority to the Canon-
Antoninus, the wall of, cxii. 516 ical Gospels, 105; important dis-
Antwerp, siege of, by the Duke o crepancies of the text, 107; exag-
Parma, cxiii. 186

gerated French estimate of, ib.;
associations of Rubens with, their useful purposes, ib.; Mr.
cxvii. 117; Dürer's account of, in Row's sensible remarks on,

1520, 121; guild of painters at, ib. their degrading picture of Christ,
Apes, Anthropoid, discoveries of, ib.
cxvii. 543. See Man

Apellicon (of Teos), his alleged res-
Apingi, the, African tribe of, cxiv. cue of Aristotle's MSS., cxxxvii.
216

59 note
Apocalypse, the, theological study of, Apollo, Greek statue of, found at

in England, cxl. 485; in France Tegea, cxl. 169
and Germany, 486; peculiar value Apollonius Pergæus (of Alexandria)
of, 488; internal difficulties as to his doctrine of Epicycles, cxvi. 95
its authorship, ib.; theory of M. Apostolic Age, the, controversies on
Rénan, 489; question of its date, Christianity in, cxxxi. 492
491; Nero the Antichrist, 493 ; Appeals, Statute of (24 Hen. VIII.
parallel passage in Tacitus, 495; c. 12), cxl. 433
its Hebrew and anti-Pauline cha- Appian (2nd century), on the topo-
racter, 496 ; enmity in, to Rome, graphy of ancient Carthage, cxiv.
497 ; works known to the author,

80, 91
499; the true peroration of the Aquinas (Thomas, about 1224-
New Testament, 511; the term 1274), his hymn Lauda Sion,'
explained, 512; failure of, as a cxxxvi. 284
prophecy, 613

Arabia, scanty geographical know-
Apocryphal Gospels, the, recent ledge of, cxii. 319
works on, cxxviii. 81; neglect of,

traditional division of the
by divines, 82 ; M. Douhaire's the- population, cxvi. 349; stringency
ory of their origin, 84; early bis- of the family bond, 351 ; dethrone-

'108 ;

5, 11

513

ment of the Ommeiades, 356 ; the Arab horses, natire neglect of, for Persian invasion, ib. ; Arab rule in useful purposes, cxxxviii.430; their Africa, 357

crossing with indigenous breeds, Arabia, physical features of, cxxii. 444; Nejed horses, 447; royal stud

489; peculiarity of uplands, 491 ; at Riad, ib.; native horsemanship, snakes in, 493 ; the Bedouins, ib.; 448 494; the settled population, ib.; Arago (Dominique François, b. 496; Arabs of the interior, 497 ; 1786), his estimate of the numtheir

supposed fitness for civilisa- ber of comets, cxl. 399 tion, 498; the Wahabees, ib. ; re- Aral, Sea of, question of its existligious condition of the Arabs, ence in the 13th century, cxxxv. 499; star-worship of the Solibah tribe, 500, 501; contradictory ac- Ararat, Mount, ascents of, cxxx. counts, ib.; the Biadeeyah' sect, 339 502; ancient Sabæan worship, 503 ; Arbroath (Angus), Benedictine Abtheory of Monotheism in, 504; re- bey of, cxx. 320, 321; descripligious revival in the last century, tion of the battle of, in 1415-6, · 505; cholera in 1854 at Nejed, 324

Arc (Jeanne de, 1410-1431), her sudden importance of, after patriotism not understood by her the death of Mahomet, cxxiv. 1; countrymen, cxix. 531 preparation for his mission, 2;

M. Guizot's treatment of the perfection of the language, ib.; episode, cxl. 217 animosity of tribes, 3; the Yeme- Archäology, prehistoric, recent nites and Maadites, 4; Himyarite study of, cxxxii. 4-10; prominent language, ib.; ancient commerce, questions suggested, ib.; classifica5; caravans, ib. 7.; temple of the tions of periods, 441; "ages' of Caaba, 8; obscure heretical sects bronze, etc., not strict chronologiin, 13; unpopularity of Christian cal divisions, 442; the Palæolithic doctrines, ib.; idolatrous worship age, 443 (see Geology); views of in, 25; duties of hospitality, 26; French archæologists on the antidestruction of the Jews, 38-41; quity of man, ib.; drift-deposits feebleness of Islamism in, 47

and bone-caves, 447-454; M. piracies in the Persian Gulf

Lartet's Quaternary system critiin 1809, cxxv. 8; Egyptian inva- cised, 415; cave-bears, 456; Quasion of Nejed, 9; British policy ternary cave-dwellers, 459 (see respecting, 11. See Wahabees Man); the Neolithic age, 463 ; probably once the home of

polished stone-axes, ib.; remains the Ethiopians, cxxxv. 97; ancient of tumuli, 465; the Bronze Age, stone-implements in, 102

467-477 ; the Iron Age, ib. ; eviancient libraries in, cxxxix. dences of, regarding mankind, 16

479; questions left for ethnology, Arab horses, compared with Eng

lish racers, cxx. 124-126 ; superi- Architecture (Greek), Mr. Fergusority of Barbs over, 130 note; son's doctrine of definite proporearliest introduction of, into Eng- tions, cxvi. 485 land, 133-138; popularity of, in Architecture, eclectic system of, in England during the last century, England, cxv. 512; causes of 141

modern inferiority, 513

ib.

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Architecture, commencement of the

Renaissance era, cxviii. 72; Gothic
imitations in England, 73; the
Gothic style in Italy, Spain, and
France, 90; mania in England for
the Greek style of, 92; the Italian
style, 98; question of domestic,
100

effects of exigencies of
weather on, cxxxix. 445

altered laws of proportion in,
cxl. 188
Archons, chronology of, at Athens,

cxxxii. 172
Arctic regions, theory of a circum-

polar sea, cxii. 309; possible ac-
cess to, east of Spitzbergen, ib.;
voyage of Dr. Kane, 311

weapons used by natives of,
cxxxii. 453
Arctic Seas, influence of, on deep-

sea temperature of the Atlantic,

CXXXV. 161
Arculfus, his narrative of his visit to

Jerusalem in 680, cxii. 448
Aretino (Leonard, 1370–1443), his

plagiarism from Procopius, cxxiv.

357
Arezzo (Thomas, Cardinal, 1756-

1832), his interview with Napo-

leon in 1806, cxxviii. 482
Argenson (Marquis d'), Journal and

Letters of, published by M. Rath-
ery, cxxv. 470; his character, 471
note; Foreign Minister of Louis

XV., 488; his dismissal, 503
Argyll (Archibald Campbell, Earl

of, d. 1661), his sentence and exe-

cution, cxxxix. 184 note
Arians, their unconscious services to

Christianity, cxi. 443
Aristarchus (of Samos), his system

of astronomy, cxvi. 94
Aristocracy, the mainstay of Govern-

ment in England from 1088 to

18:2, cxxv. 580
Aristophanes (about B.C. 4:4-380),

on the effects of bad on good
money, cxxiii. 90 note

Aristotle (B.C. 38i-322), wrongly

supposed to have written on the
Law of Nations, cxii. 401 ; bis
twofold definition of Justice, 409

his system of astronomy,
cxvi. 94.

his remark on hereditary
qualities in families, cxxxii. 125

unsuitable to English trans-
lation, cxxxiv. 308 ; his virtual
codification of Plato, 336

question of his un-Greek
characteristics, cxxxvi. 518; his
early life, 519; studies under Plato,
ib.; at the Court of Hermeias, 521;
friendship of Alexander, ib.; ex-
pelled from Athens, 525; his death
and will, ib.; his detractors, ib.;
fate of his library and MSS., 526;
the present text, 530; catalogue
of Diogenes Laertius, ib. ; lost dia-
logues of, 531; his philosophy
wasted by the Peripatetics, ib.;
edition of Andronicus, 532; state-
ments of Porphyry, 533 ; question
of his 'Exoteric Discourses,' 534;
anecdote by Aulus Gellius, 535;
dryness of his logical treatises,
537, 539; the Categories,' ib.;
modern terms derived from his
philosophy, 541 ; his treatise "On
Interpretation,' 512; his dis-
covery of the syllogism, 545; his
'Sophistical Refutations,' 519;
treatise ‘On the Soul,' 551; the
Darwinian theory' compared, ib.,
552 ; his conception of the Celes-
tial Body, 553 ; his early dialogue
• Eudemus,' 555 ; one-sided esti-
mates of his teaching, 557 ; want
of further knowledge, ib. ; difficul-
ties of English translation, 558

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