Imatges de pÓgina






A BARIS, alleged to have been a of Balkh, 25; joined by Mahomed

Rufeek, ib. ; defeats Shere Ali at
Abbas Pacha, his love of horse- Ghuznee, 29

breeding, cxxxviii. 446; anecdote Abercromby (Sir Ralph, 1734-1801),
of his extravagance, ib.

his conduct of the Dutch cam-
Abbeville, discovery of flint weapons paign, cxvi, 144

near, cxviii. 261; the gravel-beds Aberystwith, the Devil's Bridge at,
ascribed to the Post-Pliocene age, cxxii. 446
266; a human jaw-bone found, Abgar (Prince of Edessa), alleged
272; views of M. De Beaumont,. letter of Christ to, cxxiv. 347 ; his

existence denied by Laurentius
Abbot (Charles, Lord Colchester, Valla, ib.

1757-1829), his Diary and Cor- Ability, definition of, as applied to
respondence,' cxiii. 360; his taste the intellect, cxxxii. 115–116;
for practical reforms, 362; Chief theory of its heredity, ib.
Secretary for Ireland, 363; bis Abou Sophyan, his negotiations with
conduct as Speaker, ib. ; his hos- Mahomet at Mecca, cxxiv. 44

tility to the Catholic claims, 364 Abyssinia, early Portuguese expedi-
Abdallah (Ameer of the Wababees), tions to, cxxviii. 227
his defeat by Ibrahim Pasha,

varieties of trees in, cxxx.
cxxii. 511

succeeds Feysul, cxxv. 13; Abyssinian Expedition, the, evidence
his overtures to the British, 16

of Mr. Dundas on the contracts
Abdallah-Ebn-Obay, his protection for, cxxxiii. 136; absence of Par-

of the Kainoka Jews against liamentary control over expendi-
Mahomet, cxxiv. 38

ture, 240 note
Abdool Rehman (Affghan prince),

Academies of Art, disparaged by
his contest with Shere Ali, cxxv. Hogarth and Fuseli, cxviii. 481;
21; his cause espoused by the first design of, in England by
king of Bokhara, ib. 22; master Charles I., 486; scheme of Evelyn,

ib.; attempts to form private meagreness of present lectures, ib.;
schools, 487

urgent want of a new building,
Academy (Royal), history of, by Mr. 505; proposed transfer to Trafalgar

Sandby, cxviii. 483; official infor- Square, 506; hopeful prospects,
mation respecting, 484; wholesale 507
detractors of, ib. ; its importance Academy (Royal), irresponsible ma-
to artists, 485; their memorial in

nagement of, cxxiii. 75
1768, ib.; schemes of Charles I.

qualifications of presidents,
and Evelyn, 486; its foundation cxxxi. 413
in 1768, 487; Sir J. Reynolds Accoramboni (Virginia, d. 1585),
first president, ib.; its ill-defined tragic story of, cxxxii. 296
constitution, 488; its services un- Achæan League, the, its origin due
derrated by the public, 489; en- to foreign pressure, cxviii. 148
tirely self-supporting, ib.; state- Acoustics, interesting history of,
ment of finances, ib.; gratuitous cxxvii. 103; connexion between
exhibitions by private painters, physiological and physical, 129,
490; its officers miserably paid, 130. See Sound
491; uncertainty of tenure, ib.; Acrostics, use of, on early Christian
its inertia as a self-elected body, inscriptions, cxx. 237 ; specimen
492; lamentable state of the of, found at Autun, 238
schools, ib.; want of a permanent • Acts of the Apostles,' M. Renan's
director, ib.; exclusion of eminent rejection of, criticised, cxxxi. 486-
artists, ib. ; inadequate rewards 491
to students, 493; invidious duty Acts of Parliament, codification of,
of selection, 494; want of space required, cxxvi. 365; necessary
for pictures, ib.; large proportion process, viz. expurgation, sifting,
of rejections, ib. note; invidious digesting, and consolidation, 372-
privileges of members, ib.; punc- 374; need of revision, 375. See
tilio of the ' line,' 495; its consti- Statute Law
tution the root of evil, ib.; aca-

enormous annual number of,
demicians elected too late in life cxxxiii. 59
from scarcity of vacancies, 496; Adam (Sir Frederick), wrongly ac-
exclusion of present artists of dis- cused of neglecting the pine-
tinction, ib. 497 ; class of asso- forests of Cephalonia, cxx. 362
ciates, ib. ; the Commission recom-

(Dr. Alexander, 1741-1809),
mend them to be increased to rector of the High School at Edin-
fifty, ib.; proposed General Assem- burgh, cxxxv. 408; his attain-
bly, ib.; encroachments of painters ments, ib.
over other artists, 498; want of

(Robert and James), verses
catholicity of art displayed in on them, cxxvi. 12
paintings, 499; Lancashire buy-

Adamson (Patrick, Archbishop of
ers, ib. 500; honorary members or St. Andrews, 1536-1592), his
Professors, ib.; power of the reign- character, cxiv. 409
ing sovereign, 501; wise choice of Adderley (Right Hon. Sir C. B., b.
the Commission, ib.; admixture of 1814), his Review of Colonial
non-professional element therein, Policy, cxxxi. 98; his strictures
ib.; want of provision for science on Earl Grey, ib. ; his criticisms
as applied to art, 502 ; original obsolete, 99; his own views, 100
discourses discontinued, 503; Addison (Joseph, 1672-1719), his



love of drink, cxviii. 412; first goods maintained, 137; abolition

representation of his . Cato,' 422 of the 'tipping 'system, ib.; 'SeeAddison (Joseph), his knowledge ley's pigs,' ib.; reductions in clerks,

of society, cxxi. 316; M. Taine's 138; substitution of writers,' sneers at, 317; the founder of 139; closing of Woolwich and classical prose, ib.

Deptford yards, ib.; retirement and his portrait of himself in the commutation scheme, 140; reduc"Spectator,' cxxiv. 379

tions of ships and men,141; alleged - bis Whig views of society want of stores at Bull Point Maunder Anne, cxxxii. 537; his first gazine, 143; new coast-defence series of essays in the Spectator,' ships, 144; importance of reticence 5-15

in naval discussion, ib. Adelaide (South Australia), contro- Admiralty (Board of), origin of,

versy of the Bishop with Mr. cxxxvi. 567 Binney on church fusion in Aus- Ægium (now Vostitza), the scene of tralia, cxiii. 2; the proposed terms the Achæan League assemblies, of union, 3

cxxii. 549 rapid growth of the colony, Aërolites, called 'pocket planets' by cxvi. 17

Humboldt, cxxv. 265; analysis of, Adelphi Terrace, Strand, origin of the ib.; their heat when fallen, ib. ; name, cxxxi. 177

distinguished from shower-meAdmiralty (Board of), want of orga

teors, 268 nisation, cxiii. 287; its constitution,

origin of, cxl. 417; generation 291; need of responsible subdi- of heat by, 425 vision, 293; duties of its members, Æschylus (B.C.525-159), Miss Brown294; office of surveyor, 295

ing's translations from, cxiv. 516 M. Xavier Raymond's criti

the Laurentian

MS. of, cisms on, cxviii. 171-80

cxxxvii. 71 diatribes of the Quarterly Æthelstan (895-941), titles of soreReview' on Mr. Childers, cxxxiii. reignty assumed by, cxxx. 206 122 ; stocks of coal abroad, 124; Æthelwolf (d. 853), his supposed use of mixed coal, 126--127; the grant of titles, cxvi. 420 naval element at Whitehall, Afghanistan, condition of, under 130; Order in Council of 1869, Dost Mahomed, cxxv. 17; the 131; duties of lords defined, ib. ; province of Balkh, ib. ; sympathy subordination of responsible con

with the Sepoy mutineers, 18 (see trollers of business to the minister, Azin Khan); recent affairs in, as advocated in the 'Edinburgh 19–34 (see Shere Ali); untractable Review,' ib. 132; reforms at vic- nature of the country an impeditualling yards and naval hospitals ment to British advance, 44 due to Mr. Childers, 133; the – recent events in, cxxxviii. 245; * anchor mistake,' ib. ; paltry gossip importance of, to England, 246 ; about inefficiency of supply, ib.

article in vol. cxxv. p. 17, referred 1:34; the biscuits at Bermuda' to, ib.; battle of Sheikabad, 247; story, ib.; competition and private letter of Sir J. Lawrence to Azim, contract, 135; statements of Mr. ib.; terrorism of Azim, 219 ; Baxter thereon, ib.; question of Wullee Mahommed, 250 ; arrest of prices, 136; recent revision of the three Cabulees, 251; murder schedules, ib.; high quality of of Malommed Rufeek, ib.; battle


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of Kelat-i-Ghilzai, 253 ; Shere Ali
and Fyz Mahommed, 254; visit of
Yakoob to Persia for assistance,
256; risings against Ufzul, 258;
rout and death of Fyz Mahommed,
260; Azim assumes the title of
Ameer, ib.; his march into Toor-
kistan, ib.; Shere Ali checked at
Maimuna, 261; affairs at Herat,
262 ; Azim sets up the standard of
revolt, 263; Shere Ali enters
Cabul, 264; policy of Sir J. Law-
rence, 265; Shere Ali recovers
his capital, 267; congratulated by
Sir J. Lawrence, ib. ; close of the
year 1868, 269; Lord Mayo's as-
sistance and letter to Shere Ali,
270, 271; Ismail and his acts, 275;
Alum Khan in Toorkistan, 276;
relations with Bokhara respecting
refugees, 280; Jehandar Shah, 281
and note; fears of Russian advances,
282; Mr. Forsyth's commission,
284; settlement of boundaries by
England and Russia, 285; Ab-
doollah, Shere Ali's son, 287 ; re-
bellion of Yakoob, 288; recon-

ciliation, 296
Africa, early geographical specula-

tions respecting, cxii. 319; zones
of modern discovery, 320; sources
of the Nile, 322 ; Portuguese ex-
plorations in the southern zone, 325

characteristics of negroes in,
cxv. 50; prospects of cotton culti-
vation, 481

Arab dominion in the north,
cxvi. 357

American scheme for deport-
ing slaves to, cxix. 205

Portuguese discoveries in,
cxxviii. 200-236

(Equatorial), Du Chaillu's
discoveries in, cxir. 213; his ac-
count of tribe-alliances, 218; can-
nibalism and witch doctors, ib.

difficulties of travel in, cxviii.
214; theory of a central watery
plateau, 219; features of Enstern

Africa, 220; arid character of the
interior disproved, ib.; social state
of the three Wahuma kingdoms,
222; the Fellatahs, 223; the king-

dom of Uganda, ib. See Speke,

Capt., Grant, Capt., and Nile, the
Africa (Equatorial), the people of

Latooka, cxxiv. 164; the Mak-
karikas, 167 ; the Obbo Country,
168; King Kamrasi, 172; theory
of a central plateau confirmed,
182; geological antiquity of, ib.;
curse of slave traffic in, 183. See

Baker, Sir Samuel
Africa (Sonth), recent discovery of

diamond fields in, cxxxiv. 410;
emigration of the Boers, ib.; Sir
Harry Smith's annexations, 413;
his proclamation resisted, 414; de-
feat of Pretorius at Boemplats, ib.;
disturbances with Moshesb, chief
of the Basutos, 415; Orange River
Territory abandoned, 416–420; an-
nexation of British Kaffraria, 421;
Sir G. Grey's scheme of Feder-
ation, ib.; conduct of Moshesh to
the British, 423; his contest with
the Boers, ib.-425; Trans Vaal ex-
tensions of territory in 1868, 427;
first discovery of diamonds, ib.;
Sir P. Wodehouse's policy, 428;
claims of Waterboer, 429; con-
ference at Novitgedacht, ib. ;
prompt action of General Hay,430;
Mr. Campbell appointed magistrate
in the diamond territory, 431;
rival claims examined, 433; posi-
tion of the two republics, ib., 435;
case of the Orange Free State, ib.;
Adam Kok and Harvey, ib. ;
Waterbuer's answer and case, 436;
General Hay's view of the ques-
tion, 437; arrival of Sir Henry
Barkly, ib.; his course of action,
438; personal visit to Klipdrift,
439; his correspondence with the
two presidents, 440; his measures
of British protection, 441-443 ;
wise and firm policy of Lord Kini-


berley, 444; boundary arbitration
agreed to, 445; Cape affairs, ib.;
question of Federation revived,
447 ; the scheme recommended,
ib.; prospects of the diamond-field
question, ib.; resources of South

Africa, 448
Africa (West Coast), serious position

of altairs on, cxxxviii. 569. See
Gold Coast

the Sahara. See Sahara
Africans, Baker's low estimate of

their character, cxxiv. 106
Agaricus procerus, cxxix. 351. See

Agates, talismanic virtues ascribed

to, cxxiv. 232; varieties of, 251
Agassiz (Professor L.), his ‘Contri-

butions to the Natural History of
the United States,' cxi. 487; on
the antiquity of species, 531

adopts the dilatation theory
of glacier motion, cxiii. 231; his
glacial observations, 232

his incomplete idea of species,
cxxvii. 417
Agincourt, battle of (1415), anecdote

of English troops at, csxiii. 175

and note
Agni-kools, the, revolution of, in

Central India, cxxii. 386
Agriculture, in France and England,
compared, cxiv. 348

viewed as a test of primitive
culture, cxxxv. 101

(British), results of free
trade in corn, cxxiii. 186; want of
agricultural statistics, ib.; present
system of, 187; the Royal Agri-
cultural Society, 188; high farm-
ing, 189, 190; drainage of stiff
clays, 193; services of chemists,
197; compound manures, ib.-196;
application of steam, 197 ; farm
architecture, 201; shelter for live
stock, 202; literature of agricul-
ture, 203; assistance of capital,
204; English and French sheep,
205 ; evidence of farmers on recent

progress, 206; introduction of dis-

ease, 210. See Cattle Plague
Agricultural Economy, the term ex-
plained, cxiv. 350

interest, Conservative sym-
pathies of, in England, cxxxv. 254;
present legislative questions con-
cerning, 257; divided opinions
thereon, 276; summary of present
grievances, 286; secret of their
Conservatism, 288

labourers (British), works of
Messrs. Fawcett and Baily Den-
ton on,cxxviii. 489; .compared with
the manufacturing class, ib.; their
stationary form of life, 491; ideal
theories of their prosperity, ib.;
views of Mr. Froude and Mr. IIal-
lam, 492; deceptive tests of in-
creased civilisation, 493; their
wants enumerated by Adam Smith,
494 ; Mr. Rogers on their con-
dition in the fourteenth century,
495; relative food of, in past
and present times, 496; increased
securities for constantemployment,
497; early dependence on good
harvests, 498; the Statute of La-
bourers, 4:99; arbitrary enactments
therein, 500; vagrancy increased
by unwise legislation, 501; Acts
of Elizabeth, 502; evils of the
Law of Settlement, 505; state of,
in the last century, 506; vicious
system of parochial relief before
1834, 50); panic of over-popula-
tion, ib.; recent scarcity of labour,
510; present wages of, ib. ; hope-
lessness of advancement, 512 ;
question of peasant proprietors,
514; miserable condition of rural
cottages, 516; Dr. Hunter's Re-
port thereon, 517; abuses of ag-
ricultural gangs, 519; recent con-
ference at Willis's Rooms on, 520;
proposals of Canon Girdlestone,
521; want of intercommunication,
522; results of improved machin-

ery, ib.

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