Imatges de pàgina




recklessness must be remedied by
improvement of the collier, 423 ;
effects of the education clause,'
424; causes of the strike of 1842,
425; evils of the charter master'
system of contracts, ib. ; mining
colleges, 427; fluctuations of
wages, 431 ; habits of the miners,
432; prevalence of drunkenness,
433; the pitgirls, 435; spiritual
provision for the mining popula-

tion, 439
Coal-mines, annual drain on, cxx.

481; invention for cutting coal, ib.;
immense depth of, 485; increase
of heat in, ib.

alarming mortality in, cxxv.
549, 550; fatal accidents from
1856 to 1866, 551; explosions of
fire-damp, ib. ; the old Wallsend
pit, ib.; nature of coal-gas, 552 ;
ventilation of, ib. 553; the furnace-
system, ib.; fans, 554; evils of
single shafts, ib.; blowers, 555;
the Davy lamp, 550 ; Clanny's
lamp, 558; gunpowder-blasting,
ib.; Mr. Ansell's improved lamp,
559; experiment of an electric
light, 561; exhibitions of mining
implements proposed, 562; deaths
from after-damp, 563; defective
timber-propping, 564; the “long-
wall' and 'pillar and stall’ modes
of excavation, 565 ; dangers of
drawing the props,' 566; need of
coal-cutting machines, ib.; pre-
ventible accidents in shafts, 567 ;
miscellaneous accidents, 568;
question of inspection, ib.; bene-
fits of the Duplicate Shaft Act of
1862, 569; inadequate number of
inspectors, 570; responsibility of
managers, 572; petition of under-
miners' to Parliament, ib.; they
propose local sub-inspectors, 574;
need of greater supervision of man-
agers, 575; scheme of a Mining
College, 570; ignorance of over-
seers, 577; Select Committee on

recent explosions, ib.; present rate

of mortality, ib.
Coal-trade, strike in Staffordshire in

1864, cxx. 420, 421
Cobden (Richard, 1804–1865), his

negotiation of the French Com-

mercial Treaty, cxi. 279
Cobham, Lord. See Oldcastle, Sir

Cochin-China, French settlement

abandoned, cxxxvii. 322–324
Cockburn (Henry, Lord, 1772-1854),

his discussion with Sir C. Bell on
the study of science, cxxxv. 418

Journal of,' being a con-
tinuation of his 'Memorials,' cxl.
259; previous article referred to,
ib.; praiseworthy editorship of,
260; his burning of private letters
not intended for publication, ib.;
on the influence of London on
Scotch society, 261 ; he laments
the change, ib. ; on the shortening
of the holidays of the Court of
Session, 262; his intense love of
nature, ib.; his ‘Letter to the Lord
Provost' on Edinburgh, 263; his
character as shown in his writings,
264; prepares the Reform Bill for
Scotland, ib.; his account of the
Reform crisis, 266; his political
predictions, ib.; raised to the Bench,
267; his dislike of Brougham, ib. ;
friendship with Scott, 269; his
estimate of Macaulay, ib.; sketches
of contemporaries, ib. 271; his
Evangelical Scotch sympathies,
273; contest as to Church patron-
age, ib.; his account of the seces-

sion from the Scotch Church, 279
Cockburn (Sir A., Chief Justice, b.

1802), representative of England
at the Geneva arbitration, cxxxvii.
265; his protest against the deci-
sion, 266 ; his masterly disserta-
tion, 275; his dignified rebuke of
American invectives, 276; his

vindication of Earl Russell, ib.
Codification of Law, its importance

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illustrated by the evils of judicial legislation, cxviii. 467 ; Mr. Austin on the difficulties of, ib.; his analysis of objections, 468; supposed failure of, abroad, 469 note ; preliminary conditions of success,

470 Codification of Law,cxxvi. 347; Codes

of Roman Law under Constantine, 350; the Code of Theodosius, 351 ; Code and Pandects of Justinian,353, 354; the Basilica of Leo, ib. ; Edict of Theodoric, 355; the Breviarium of Alaric, ib. ; the Lex Romana Visigothorum, ib. ; the Papiani Responsa, ib. ; Teutonic codes, 336; collections of local customs, etc. in foreign countries, 357, 358; improvements inherited from the Romans, ib.; further requirements, ib.; movement began in Italy in the last century, 359; the ‘Code Frédéric,' ib. ; codes in France, 360, 361; codes in Germany, etc., ib. (see Germany, etc.); in the British Colonies, 363; tardy reforms in England, 365 (see Statute Law); need of a Code, 368; a Code distinguished from a Digest, ib. ; supposed flexibility of judge-made law, 369; fallacious objections to codification, ib.; its value in popularising the knowledge of law, 370; it would facilitate legislation, 371; required union of common and statute law in an English code, 372; conditions of a statute-code, ib.; a Digest defined, 374; preliminaries of codification of statute law, ib.; additional need of revision, 375; note on above article, respecting Mr. Colebrooke's compilation of Hindoo

Law, 585 Cod-liver oil, its value in consump

tive cases, cxxxvi. 242 Cæcilian (Bishop of Carthage, 4th

century), his trial, cxi. 439, 440

Coena Domini, Papal Bull, rival esti

mates of, cxxx. 330 Coffee, tradition of its first introduc

tion into India, cxix. 109 Coggia's Comet, cxl. 409 Coinage, heresies concerning depreciation of, cxv. 40. See Currency

International, cxxiv. 383; circulating medium deranged by

double standard, 384 note ; position of silver in the coinage,

disturbance produced by excess of gold, 380; depreciation of monetary units in America, ib.; British system recommended in France, ib.; foreign reductions in standard of small coin, 387; Italian principle adopted by France, ib. ; Paris Conference of 1865, proposed by Belgium, ib.; principles established by the Convention, 388, 389; their design of a monetary union, ib.; composition of lower coinage abroad, 390; system of the Convention adopted by the Pope, ib.; scheme of a more extended union, 391; the decimal scale a step to uniformity, ib. ; important results of the Convention, ib.; Australian sovereigns legalised in England, 392 ; need of a common form, ib. ; isolation of British method, ib. ; proposed assimilation with the French system of numeration, 393; gold pieces of two florins suggested, 394; the fivefranc piece in France, ib. 395; want of gold medium in Germany, ib.; objections to change of English sovereign, 396; precedents forre-adjustmentof Mintexchange, ib. 397; importance of a complete

decimal system, 398 Coins, earliest appearance of, cxxxii.

477 Coke (Sir Edward, 1549-1634), his

condemnation of judicial torture, cxiii. 336

on the illegality of forced

loans, cxx. 21; denounces the

Duke of Buckingham, 26
Coke (Sir Edward), his course of

legal study, cxxxiv. 490
Colbert (John Baptist, 1619-1683),

his supervision of roads in France,
cxix. 357

his foundation of lace-manu-
facture at Alençon, cxxxv. 51
Colby (Colonel), his invention of

compensation bars for triangula-
tion, cxviii. 385; his organisation
of the Survey Department, 388;

his survey of Ireland, 389
Colchester (Lord). See Abbot, Charles
Cold Harbour (U.S.), Confederate
victory at (1861), cxxi. 283

irregular tactics of Grant at
the battle, cxxix. 260
Cold Harbour (now Cole Harbour

Lane),ancient liberty of, in London,

cxxxi. 170
Coldstream Guards, origin of, cxl.

Colenso (Dr., Bishop of Natal), his

suit before the Privy Council one

of pure discipline, cxxi. 178
Coleridge (Henry Thomas, 1765-

1837), his compilation of Hindoo
Law, cxxvi. 585; note to article
on · Codification'

essays of, with memoir by his
son, cxxxvi. 461; his foreign re-
putation, ib.; true foundation of
his fame, 462; his services to
Sanskrit scholarship, 463; his first
connexion with the East India
Company, 464; arrival in India,
465; Revenue appointment at Tir-
but, ib.; his Oriental studies, ib.;
essay on ‘Indian Weights and Mea-
sures,' 466; transferred to Purneah,
468; letters on Indian antiquities,
469; papers to the 'Asiatic Socie-
ty,' ib.; opposition to the new
charter, 470; removed to the ju-
dicial branch, 471 ; his digest of
Hindoo laws, ib.; his theory of
caste, 472-475; diplomatic missiin

to Nagpur, ib.; appointments at
Calcutta, 476; his study of com-
parative philology, ib.; bis un-
finished Sanskrit Grammar, ib.;
miscellaneous works, 478; Presi-
dent of the Court of Appeal and
of the Asiatic Society,' ib.; re-
searches on the Vedas, 479; long
career in India, 480; services to
Indian jurisprudence, 481; pro-
moted to the Council, 482 ; Presi-
dent of the Astronomical Society,
ib.; his • Algebra' from the Sans-
krit, ib. ; collection of Sanskrit
MSS., 483; founds the Royal
Asiatic Society, ib. ; treatises on
Hindoo philosophy, 484; later
sufferings and death, 485; facile
princeps of Sanskrit scholars, ib.;
compared with Sir W. Jones, 486;

bis appreciation of his rival, 487
Coleridge (IIartley, 1797–1819), his

character and poetical remains,

cxxxix. 64
Coleridge (Henry Nelson, d. 1843),

his career, cxxxix. 51; his mar-
riage, ib.; his "Six Months in the
West Indies,'ib.; his · Introduction
to the Study of the Greek Classic
Poets,' 52; his learned letters to
his wife, 53 (see Coleridge, Sara);
his editorship of his brother's
works, 56; death, ib.

Coleridge (Herbert, d. 1861); edu-

cation by his mother Sara, cxxxix.
54, 58; his successful career and

premature death, 67, 68
Coleridge (Samuel Taylor, 1772-

1831); his Germanising influence
on English theology, cxiii. 480

his view of Jacobinism in the
• Friend,'cxviii. 461, 462

his intimacy with Lamb,
cxxiv. 264; his influence on con-
temporary thought, 274

his friendship with Crabb
Robinson, cxxx. 523, 527 ; Lamb's
remark on his married life, 528

his Lectures at the Royal



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Institution, cxxxv. 342; passage in his “Kubla Khan' borrowed

from Frere, 491. Coleridge (Samuel Taylor), birth of

his daughter Sara, cxxxix. 47; his visit to Malta, ib.; later residences in England, ib.; his early lovepoems, ib. 48; his death described by his daughter, 55

his phraseology criticised by Mr. Hall, cxl. 157

(Sara, 1802-1852); Memoir and Letters of, edited by her daughter, cxxxix. 44; the editor's justification, ib.; title of, to remembrance, 45; ber parentage, ib.; birth, 47 ; early reminiscences of her father, ib.; in Southey's house, 48; her literary studies, 49; translation of Dobrizhoffer, ib.; Sir Henry Taylor, ib.; Wordsworth's eulogy of, 50; marriage with her cousin, 51, 52; her husband's learned letters, 53; ber private circle, ib.; education of her son, 54; her ‘Phantasmion,' ib.; her father's death, 55; her widowhood, 66; personal sorrows and consolations, 57, 58 ; edition of her father's works, 59; theological studies, ib. ; inclination to psychological inquiry, 61; influence of her father's writings, ib.; relations with the Tractarians, 63; her brother's death, 64; other losses, 65 ; illness and death, 66, 67 ; career of her son Herbert, ib. 68

(Sir John), his strictures on Eton, cxiii. 390 Coles (Capt. Cowper Phipps, R.N.),

his invention of the revolving shield or cupola, cxviii. 197; his designs for the Prince Albert,'

198 Coligni (Gaspard de, Admiral of

France, 1517-1572), his efforts against Spain and Rome, cxxiv. 91 ; his far-sighted patriotism, ib.; his death described, 9t; plots of

the Queen against him, 96; the King consents to his death, 97;

his passion for toothpicks, 369 Coligni (Gaspard de), his discredit

able compact with Elizabeth,cxxx. 369; refuses to subscribe to the Edict of Amboise, 370

his reception in 1556 by Charles V., cxxxii. 77

warnings to, of assassination, cxl. 221 Coliseum at Rome, saying pre

served by Bede respecting, cxviii.

359 Collections, autographs at ancient

Rome, cxxiv. 354 ; snuff-boxes and ropes, 360, 361; billets de naissance, etc. in France, 362 ; relics during the Reign of Terror, 363, 364; walking-sticks, ib.; wigs, ib. ; toothpicks, buttons, and waistcoats, 369; gloves, 370; boots and shoes collected by Mr. Roach Smith, ib.; historical letters, 373–380; gems at ancient Rome,

513. See Gems Collier (Dr. Arthur), Mrs. Thrale's

youthful affection for, cxiii. 504 Collier (J. Payne, b. 1789), his

Reply' to Mr. Hamilton's attack on his Notes and Emendations on Shakspeare,' cxi. 452; legal proceedings against • Detector,' 453 ; conclusions in Vol. CIII. p. 358 adhered to, respecting the ‘Perkin's folio,' ib.; the charge of forgery against hiin, 454; deceptive nature of evidence of experts,' ib.; internal value of the MS. corrections defended, 457 ; their number and minuteness an argument in their favour, 458; as also their unexpected character, ib.; the Corrector's changes not critical, but theatrical, 460; his proneness to rhyming emendations a proof of their early origin, 461; question of modern diction, 462 ; 'testwords' of critics disproved, 463 ;


the Corrector has only modernised
up to his age, 464; originality of
the corrections, ib.; possibility of
anonymous tampering with the
MS., 466; Mr. Collier's alleged
forgery examined, ib.; inspection
of his MS. at the British Museum,
467; Mr. Maskelyne's testimony
as to the ink, 408; difficulty of
judging from handwriting, 470;
differences therein, a proof of seve-
ral bands, ib.; question of the
pencil-marks, 472; pagination an
argument against forgery, 473; his
antecedents and demeanour inva-
lidate the charge, ib.; story of his
MS., 474; existence of the notes
corroborated by Dr. Wellesley, ib. ;
pedigree of the MS. ib.; Mr. Parry
and Mr. Collier, 475; Mr. Collier's
clumsy method of publication, 476;
his blunders provoked suspicion,
477; his open dealings with the
folio, 478; other suspected docu-
ments, 479; his Ellesmere folio,
ib.; the Bridgewater Papers,' 480;
MS. letter of Alleyne, 481; the
• Marston letter,' ib.; the Players'
petition,' 482, 484; his ‘Inchanted
Island,' 485; the charge of forgery
not established, ib.; mystery at-

tached to the Corrected Folio, 486
Collier (J. Payne), his edition of the

Trevelyan Papers, cxxxviii. 1
Colliers, their liability to casualties,

cxv. 158. See Coal Mines
Collins (Anthony, 1676–1729), his

· Discourse on Free-thinking,' at-

tacked by Berkeley, cxxxv. 34
Collisions, frequency of, at sea, cxv.

Colney-Hatch Asylum, isolation of

patients during meals, cxxxi. 431;

inadequate medical staff, 434
Colomb (Captain P.), bis valuable

remarks on naval tactics, cxl. 11;
his revision of the Naval Signal

Book,' 13; his · Essays,' 22, 24
Colombière (Claude de la, Jesuit

Father), his relations with Marie
Alacoque, cxxxix. 261 ; his resi-
dence in England, 265; imprison-
ment, 267; revisits Paray-le-Mo-
nial, 268; the real author of the
superstition of the Sacred Heart,

Colonies (British), unfavourable as
a field of Church union, cxiii. 6

condition of coloured races
in, cxv. 42 899.; military defence
of, 104 ; Report of Committee
thereon, 105; classification of, ib.;
distribution of military expendi-
ture, 107; withdrawal of troops
from, 109; advantages of their
connexion with England in time
of war, 112 ; Imperial obligations,
113; effects of steam communica-
tion, 117; fortification of, depre-
cated, ib.; altered views on sepa-
ration, 120; treatment of abori-
gines, 121

should bear the cost of British
troops stationed therein, cxvii. 278

corruptions of English lan-
guage in, cxx. 42, 52; principles
of defence settled by Parliament,

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ecclesiastical appeals from,
cxxi. 178, 179; instability of home
relations with, 181; question of
colonial taxation reversed, 182;
doctrine of responsible govern-
ment,' 193, 194; weakness of cen-
tral governments adds to dangers
of separation, 196

extra-legal ecclesiastical pre-
tensions in, cxxviii. 274

removal of British troops
from, recommended, cxxix. 299

recent change of policy to
wards, cxxxi. 99; the change
shared by both parties, 100; pre-
sent state of self-administration,
101; imperial obligations in the
ratio of power, 102; the case of
India, 102; military posts, viz.
Malta, Gibraltar, etc., ib.; mer-


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