Imatges de pÓgina

Came the wild MacGregor's clan-call,

Stinging all the air to life.
But when the far-off dust-cloud

To plaided legions grew,
Full tenderly and blithesomely

The pipes of rescue blew!

Round the silver domes of Lucknow,

Moslem mosque and Pagan shrine, Breathed the air to Britons dearest,

The air of Auld Lang Syne. O'er the cruel roll of war-drums

Rose that sweet and homelike strain; And the tartan clove the turban,

As the Goonitee cleaves the plain.

Dear to the corn-land reaper

And plaided mountaineer,
To the cottage and the castle

The piper's song is dear.
Sweet sounds the Gaelic pibroch

O'er mountain, glen and glade;
But the sweetest of all music

The Pipes at Lucknow played! Lucknow is a curiously-built place, the best part of the town being reached only through narrow streets of mud-built hovels and seyeral gates; when, however, this part is passed, the traveller is struck by the broad streets, handsome houses built in the European style, and splendid mosques, with beautiful ornamented minarets and cupolas of gilt copper.

It has, upon the whole, the appearance of a European city. The ancient portion of the place exhibits some beautiful specimens of Arabian architecture; the entrance into the

best part of the city, which lies on the river quarter, is approached by three gates. Here are the principal buildings. The interior of these sadly contrast with the exterior, from the glaring want of taste displayed by the occupants; the walls of the palaces are hung with the most wretched prints, and the beautiful gardens are filled with plaster figures; in one of these latter, placed in conspicuous positions, were two common iron stoves of an urn shape. In the tombs of tlie wealthy, the disp!ay of glass and tinsel reminds one of the stalls at some of the French and German fairs. In the summer-houses, equal want of tiste is displayed-heathen gods of Greece and Rome, and shepherdesses, sadiers, Hindoo deities, dogs, monster lions, and a whole menagerie of indescribable things.

The kingdom of Oude, of which Lucknow is the capital, is larger than any other of the states which covered the Indian peninsula, and which are now under British rule. To the annexation of this kingdon to the British Indian empire is attributed by many the late fearful outbreak, which at one time threatened to destroy the British power in that part of Asia. The country of Oude is very fertile, and produces cotton, indigo, rice, silk and sugar-cane. Its northern part is intersected by mountain ranges, which belong to the chain of Himalayas. It was independent for a long time after the other states had been brought under the British.,


There is no more interesting object on the in the world. An hundred thousand men Rhine than the fortress of Ehrenbreitstein can be quartered in the works, while the (Bright Stone of Honor), that overlooks the citadel alone is capable of holding fourteen city of Coblentz opposite. It is an immense thousand men, with provisions for eight structure, and has for centuries taken a thousand men for ten years. The great prominent part in the wars of central Europe. parade ground on the top of the rock, is over Napoleon blockaded it from 1798 to 1799, and huge cisterns capable of holding a three years' it was at length forced to surrender in 1808 supply of water for the garrison, while a well, for want of provisions. It was then blown excavated to the depth of four hundred feet up. In 1802, the fortress and the little town in the solid rock, communicates with the of Thul. Ehrenbreitstein were bestowed upon Rhine. In its present condition, it would be the prince of Nassau-Wielburg by way of hard to take it, though modern science might indemnity; they were subsequently ceded to effect it if so determined. Impossibilities are Prussia, and now belong to the Prussian prored to be possible every day. grand-duchy of the Lower Rhine. It has When Byron visited the fortress in 1809–10, been rebuilt by Prussia and refortified, and it was a blackened ruin. from its elevation and superior internal Here Ehrenbreitstein, with her shattered wall resources, it is the most formidable fortress Black with the miner's blast, upon her height

[graphic][merged small]

Yet shows of what she was, when shell and city of Rhenish Prussia, on the left bank of ball

the Rhine, at the influx of the Moselle. It is Rebounding idly on her strength did light; a busy and bustling place, as indicated by our A tower of victory! from whence the flight

engraving, with a population of some twenty Of baffled woes was watched along the plain;

thousand inhabitants, well-built, and possessBut peace destroyed what war could never

ing many desirable peculiarities. Its situation blight, And laid those proud roofs bare to summer

is very pleasant, and it is a popular stoppingrain

place with passengers on the Rhine. It is On which the iron shower for years had poured

defended by a series of detached forts, and in vain."

obstinately opposed the French in 1794. It is Byron, in a note to the above stanza, says:

the birthplace of Prince Metternich. “Ehrenbreitstein, that is, the bright stone

These pictures of foreign scenes are interof honor, one of the strongest fortresses in

esting. We need not die in ignorance of the

beauties of foreign lands described by tourEurope, was dismantled and blown up by the French at the truce of Leoben. It had been,

ists, when we have the pictured fact brought

to our doors. We thus realize, in the present and could only be, reduced by famine or treachery. It yielded to the former, aided

scene, the spirit of the little poem by Fields

“ To an Artist:" by surprise. After having seen the fortifications of Gibraltar at Malta, it did not strike “I've sailed an ocean to behold the Rhine, by comparison, but the situation is command- That world of beauty bursting on the view; ing. General Marceau besieged it in vain for But now your canvas wafts to me the vine some time, and I slept in a room where I was

And rock-clad hills long since I wandered shown a window at which he is said to have

through. been standing, observing the progress of the Twip-castled River, far away no more, siege by moonlight, when a ball struck imme- What further need the Atlantic wave to diately below it.”

plough? Coblentz, that forms a portion of our You've brought old Coblentz to my very door, picture on page 511, is a strongly-fortified And Ehrenbreitstein is my neighbor now.”

OLD ST. LUKE'S CHURCH, CHELSEA. The building and surroundings, of which skill with which the churchyard had been we give a view below, drawn by one of our laid out. The church was designed by that first designers, was long an object of attrac- distinguished architect, Richard Upjohn of tion in the neighboring city of Chelsca. New York, and his plans were strictly fol

lowed without any attempts at improvement. Its outlines were admirable; its interior was remarkably striking. A simple wooden structure, it did not pretend to be stone, nor was there any sham about it. The kind of trees which harmonize with a church in the style of the “Early English” architecture were planted around it, and it seemed, after a few years, as if the spot in which it was placed was a part of an original forest, that had been spared when all the rest had been levelled. A little removed from the tide of travel, but still

easily seen from the road, its quiet beauty OLD ST. LUKE'S CHURCH, CHELSEA. attracted every passer-by. It appeared to

be, indeod, an onsis near the desert of the Situated as it was on the principal avenue thoronghfare of business, care and excitement. of the place, the attention of the passer-by Were we disposed to write the local history was arrested by its fine proportions, which of the church to whose faith it was consewere enhanced by the results of the care and crated, we should be obliged to go back to the The Princess of Wales and her eldest Son.



very earliest days of Chelsea. We should was all his life a member of the Church of summon back the dusky tribes of Winnisim- England, and we may, perhaps, be warranted met, for the purpose of introducing one whom in saying that Episcopacy was known in they esteemed and loved. Samuel Maverick, Chelsea as early as the year 1630. But it is the person to whom we refer, is not one of not a half of a century since, that the now the heroes of the Puritan historians of this thriving and popular city across the waters of Commonwealth, though he rendered very the Mystic consisted of but a few scattered essential service to the colony of Massa- dwellings. The purchase of a large part of chusetts Bay shortly after they came to these the territory by gentlemen, who substituted



shores. But he perilled his life and that of steam ferry-boats for those formerly used, his family in ministering to the poor sons of gave a new life to the locality, and the visitor the forest, when a deadly epidemic was raging now may walk long distances through closelyamong them; and we are assured by the built and thickly-settled streets. Master himself that such acts will be favor- St. Luke's Parish was admitted into union ably regarded on the great day of account, with the Convention of Massachusetts in when pharisaic boastings will only cover with 1842. The church building was consecrated confusion those who uttered them.

February 6, 1844. The Rev. William S. This self-sacrificing man, Samuel Maverick, Bartlet had been chosen rector of the parish


The Princess of Wales and her eldest Son.

in the autumn of 1842, and he served in that built a church for their own use. The Rev. capacity, with an interniission of several Mr. Bartlet then resigned finally. The existmonths, some sixteen years. For a long time ence of the new parish was of short duration. the cause of the parish was as prosperous as The congregation of St. Luke's purchased could be expected; but discords arose, leading the new church, and abandoned the first that to the resignation of the rector. In a spirit had been built. By this act they obtained a of chivalrous devotion to his calling, he had more thoroughly-constructed building, with undertaken the charge of the congregation, meretricious adornments, and but few beauwhen the stipend offered him was too trifling tiful surroundings, but one that was by no to be named in this article. He continued means to be compared, in the points of adapthis labors for years upon a very small salary. edness and true taste, with the church edifice He persevered till the beautiful little church that they had abandoned. The grounds of was occupied, and for some time after. When the first St. Luke's church were neglected, a lawsuit arose to settle the question of the and, as a consequence, their former beauty right of the parish to the church property,

was lost. Mr. Bartlet resigned his office. On this suit On a night in September, 1866, the pretty being decided in favor of the parish, they little church, erected some twenty-two years called their rector again, and he accepted. previously, was burned up. The present apBut the troubles were not yet at an end. A pearance of the grounds on which it stood, is new parish was established in Chelsea, who now as repulsive as it was formerly attractive.


It is now five years since the Princess of be attributed a very large share of that imWales went to England, a girlish bride, in the proved tone, that dignity, reverence for law early spring of her remarkable loveliness, and and religion, and higher appreciation of the to say that she has blossomed into all that more refined influences that govern human was reasonably expected of her in an English conduct, which so markedly distinguish and atmosphere would be but feebly to express adorn the England of the present day. the lively estimation in which she is held by That terrible disease rheumatism, in its all classes. Whatever her youth, beauty, most acute form, seized upon her at a very education and amiability of character prom- critical time, and for weeks she lay in a very ised has been amply fulfilled. As a wife and serious condition. But her good constitution mother, and as the second lady in the land, and fortitude, although bitterly tried by the she has established for herself a position so most agonized tortures, aided by skillful medpure and exalted, that it could only belong to ical treatment, carried her through, to the such a reign and womanly example as that of great joy, not only of her own relations, but of Qneen Victoria.

the whole nation. The attack brought on a We are sure that she is grateful that her lameness in one of her knee joints, which lot has been cast in such an auspicious time confined her indoors for months; but now, as the present, contrasting, as it so splendidly since her return from the trip which she and does, with the two short preceding reigns, the Prince of Wales took to Wurtemburg in that brought to a close a period of English the autumn, her health has so far improved, history which had not been more charged that her restoration to entire convalescence with ruinous wars abroad than disgraces at is almost a certainty; and with it comes the home, by general coarseness of manners assurance that she will resume that place in among all ranks, and the monstrous profligacy society which so well becomes her youth, of the higher orders.

beauty and position. For the brilliant progress in the morals and We present our readers with a portrait of social condition of the people during the pres- the princess, now in her twenty-fourth year, ent reign, the nation, of course, is more largely together with that of her eldest son, the indebted to its own unfettered and indomi- Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward, who table self, than to any other cause; but it is was born on the eighth of January, 1864, and unquestionable that it is to the example of who is as healthy and blooming a boy as the Queen Victoria and her good husband may most partial of parents could desire.

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