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MDCCCXXXI X.

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LIMONIA, a genus of plants of the natural family of increase in five years of nearly 600, or almost 10 per cent. Aurantiacea, so called from the origina! Indian names, The principal manufactures are of leather and woollen Neemoo and Leemoo, of the Lemon. Several of those cloth; there are several oil-presses, and in the neighbourdescribed under this genus by Dr. Roxburgh have been ing district there are iron-works. The surrounding country referred to Atalantia and Glycosmis. The species still produces good white wine. There are a high school, an agri. included are rather heterogeneous in nature, and will pro- cultural society, an hospital, and a small collection of paint. bably require further separation. As most of the family | ings, beside several government offices for judicial or fiscal abound in essential oil, so the leaves of some of the Limo- | purposes. The town is about 12 miles south-west from nias are fragrant, and the fruit, though small, of L. acidis- | Carcassonne, the capital of the department. sima and crenulata is very acid. Limonia laureola, referred The arrondissement comprehends. 688 square miles, and to this genus by Dr. Wallich, in his ‘Plantæ Asiat. Rar.' had a population in 1831 of 72,707, in 1836 of 75,891 : it is t. 245, is remarkable as the only plant of this family found subdivided into four cantons and 150 communes. on the tops of cold mountains. The people of the Hima. LI'MULUS, the name for a genus of crusiaceans, one of layas, remarking its highly fragrant leaves, fancy that it is the most known of which is popularly called The King Crab. by feeding on them that the musk acquires its strong and (XIPHOSURIANS.] peculiar flavour.

LINA'CE, a small natural order of plants, related to LIMOUSIN, or LIMOSIN, a province of France, now Cistaceæ, from which it diflers in having an ovary with comprehended in the departments of Corrèze and Haute many cells, containing one or two seeds each, several styles, Vienne. Limousin comprehended an area of 3900 square a definite number of stamens, &c., and to Geraniaceæ, from miles, watered by the Vienne, one of the great tributaries which the separate styles and peculiar fruit of Linacea of the Loire, and by the Dordogne, and its tributaries tbe abundantly separate that order. The definition of Linaceæ Isle and the Vezère, all belonging to the system of the may be briefly expressed thus: polypetalous, hypogynous, Garonne. The province was divided into two parts by the monadelphous exogens, with a broken-whoiled calyx ; a Vezére. Haut or Upper Limousin was to the north-west many-celled, many-styled ovary, containing one or two penof that river, and had Limoges for its capital: Bas or Lower dulous ovules in each cell, and a capsule splitting at the Limousin was to the south and east; its chief towns were point into as many valves as there are cells. The fruit is Brives and Tulle. Limoges was the capital of the whole remarkable for having each of its carpels divided into two province. Limousin was included in the dioceses of Limoges cells by a spurious dissipiment originating inside the back, and Tulle, the bishops of which were both suffragans of the so that in reality each cell is two-seeded, although from the archbishop of Bourges.

presence of this spurious partition it seems to be one-seeded. This district was antiently inhabited by the Lemovices, a But although Linaceæ approach the two orders already Celtic people conquered with the rest of the Celts by Cæsar. named in the structure of the organs of fructification, the In the subsequent division of Gaul into provinces. Lir usin vegetation is essentially different, the leaves being alternate, was included in Aquitania : and upon the subdivision of free from all trace of a volatile secretion, and destitute of that province, in Aquitania Prima. It formed part of the stipules, and the nodes of the stem not being capable of dominions of the Visigoths till the overthrow of Alaric II. disarticulation. The whole order contains but two genera, by Clovis at the battle of Vouglé, or Vouillé, in Poitou. It Linum and Radiola : the former comprehends many species, was subsequently under the government of the dukes of the most important of which is common flax, Linum usitaAquitaine, or of Guienne, from whom it was taken by Pepin tissimum, the woody tissue of whose stems is so valuable le Bref. It was subsequently included in the great duchy of for its toughness and fineness, and whose seeds furnish Guienne, under which Limoges, its capital, became a vice- linseed oil. [Flax, where the plant is called by mistake county. It was in a quarrel with Adémar V., viscount of Linum perenne; LINSEED OIL; LINUM.] Limoges, that Richard I. (Cour de Lion), king of England LINACRE, or LYNACER, THOMAS, one of the most and duke of Guienne, lost his life, being shot with an arrow eminent physicians of his age, descended from the Linacres as he was besieging the castle of Chalus in Limousin. The of Linacre Hall

, in the parish of Chesterfield in Derbyshire, possession of Limousin was subsequently disputed by the was born at Canterbury about 1460. He received his first kings of England, as dukes of Guienne, and the kings of education in his native city, under William Tilly, or De France. It afterwards came by marriage into the hands of Selling, and afterwards entered at Oxford, where he was the dukes of Bretagne, and later still into those of the counts chosen a fellow of All Souls College in 1484. Anxious for of Albret. It was inherited by Henri IV. from his mother further improvement in learning, he accompanied De SelJeanne d'Albret, and was by him united to the French crown. ling into Italy, whither he was sent on an embassy to the

LIMOUX, a town France, capital of an arrondisse-court of Rome by King Henry VII. De Selling left him ment in the department of Aude, and on the bank of the at Bologna with strong recommendations to Angelo Poliriver Aude. The streets are paved and lighted, and the ziano, then one of the best Latin scholars in Europe. houses are of tolerably good appearance. The market. Linacre removed thence to Florence, where Lorenzo de' place is a regular square. There are two churches, four Medici allowed him the privilege of attending the same public fountains, and a public walk. The public edifice preceptors with his own sons; and under Demetrius Chalmost deserving notice is the gate of La Trinité, a modern condylas, who had fled from Constantinople at the taking of erection, near the bridge over the Aude. The population that city by the Turks, he studied Greek. He then went in 1831 was 6247 for the town, or 6518 for the whole com- to Rome, and studied medicine and natural philosophy mune; in 1836 it was 7105 for the commune, showing an | under Hermolaus Barbarus. He applied himself particu P. C. No. 851.

VOL. XIV-3

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