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THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,

JULY, 1831.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

NSS. IN THE LIBRARY OF THE MARQUESS OF SALISBURY AT HATFIELD HOUSE.

IN our review of the volume of We are happy now to announce State Papers, recently published pur- that Mr. C. J. Stewart, late of the suant to Royal commission (see our firm of Howell and Stewart, bookselnumber for May, p. 440), it was no. lers, has been employed by the present ticed that the imperfect state of the Marquess of Salisbury in arranging collections in the State Paper Office and analysing “the vast treasures of arose from the prevalent omission, in state relics at Hatfield House," as they former times, on the death or retire- were justly termed by Mr. Lodge. Mr. ment of ministers and secretaries of Stewart has read and classed the whole state, of that demand for the docu. of the collection, in which there are ments connected with their adminis- no fewer than 13,000 letters from the tration, the propriety of which will be reign of Henry the Eighth to that of apparent on the slightest reflection. James the First. He has formed his Left in the custody of private families, catalogue in two portions: Vol. I. these valuable records have been too Miscellaneous MSS. and State Papers ; often abandoned to all the accidents of Vol. II. Letters, Privy Seals. A column fire, damp, and vermin, the base uses is introduced, showing the heads of of the kitchen, or the cupidity of bet- the principal contents of each docu. ter informed peculators.

ment, by the assistance of which the The State Papers in Hatfield House enquiries of those who have the good chiefly extend through the successive fortune to obtain access to the cataadministrations of those two eminent logue will be materially facilitated. statesmen, Lord Burleigh and his son Wherever any letter or paper has the first Earl of Salisbury. The papers been found to be published, it has relating to the preceding periods ap- carefully been so specified. pear to be but unconnected portions Cordially thanking the Marquess of which may have accidentally fallen Salisbury for having caused a collecinto Lord Burleigh's hand from his tion of MSS. so truly valuable to be connection with the Court during these set in order, we should most sincerely periods, and his well-known spirit of rejoice to witness the publication of a universal enquiry.

third volume of Cecil Papers, or that Of the portion relative to Lord Bur- at least the world was obliged with leigh's time, two selections have been the excellent catalogue which has elipublished, edited by the Rev.S. Haynes cited these remarks ; in order that the and the Rev. Wm. Murdin;* and a few collection may be hereafter made reathat got astray from the present col. dily available to the purposes of hislection fell into Mr. Lodge's hands, torical writers. In the mean time, by were inserted by him in his Illustra- the obliging permission of Mr. Stewart, tions, and then honourably returned we shall endeavour to furnish a synopto the late Marquess of Salisbury. A tical view of the contents of these his. large quantity, however, is still want- torical treasures, hoping to retrace our ing, and must have been abstracted or steps, and give some further specimens destroyed previously to the two first on a future occasion. mentioned gentlemen having examined Among the early MSS. there is a the collection.

copy of William of Malmesbury, &c.'s

English History, one of Roger de * These form two uniform folio volumes,

Hovedon's, and others relative to the printed in 1740 and 1759 ; a description of

same subject; various rentals, cartheir contents will be found in the Retro- tularies, &c. &c. There is also a spective Review, 1827, vol. i. pp. 204-230, very splendid manuscript on vellum 419-436.

of the Acts and the Apocalypse, on

4
MSS. at Hatfield House.

[July, the first page of which is a beautifully regarding its internal state, and its executed miniature of Henry VII.; a relations with England; and others retranslation from the French of the specting the proceedings against Mary Pilgrimage of the Soul 1413, on which Queen of Scots. Several works on the there is the autograph of Henry VI. ; subject of the succession to the crown, and a curious work on heraldry of the &c. &c. fifteenth century:

The papers relative to Military and Of Henry VIII.'s time there is a Naval affairs are both numerous and Treatise on General Councils, by Arch- curious, exhibiting all varieties, from bishop Cranmer. The Oryginal De- the expense of equipping a fleet or positions subscribyd wh th’andys of army, to the freight of provisions for such as here foloyth :” touching the their use. They also contain the exDivorce of Anne of Cleves; copies of penses of erecting or repairing fortifi. various Treaties, some of which are cations,&c. With these may likewise be not in Rymer ; documents relative to mentioned a quantity of curious plans, the expenses of the wars during that maps, charts, &c. from Henry VIII. reign, &c. &c. Of Edward VI.'s there to this reign, and generally illustrating is a proclamation on his ascending the this branch. throne, which, if actually made public, Of the Public Revenue, its produce, is not noticed by historians; a copy of the sources of it, means of collection, the Liturgy of St. James, apparently application, &c. there are also many translated by Roger Ascham; the par. illustrative papers; and connected with ticulars of the expenses incurred dur- this head, others relative to the coming the wars in the preceding and this mercial affairs of these times. reign; treaties; historical documents, Under the heads of Local and Indivi. &c. Of the reign of Mary, the origi- dual matters, will be found many cunal Council Book, as published in rious papers illustrating the branches Haynes's selection, is a most curious of county history, transfer of lands, record; Lord Clinton's reasons for his rentals, genealogy, &c. &c.; but, bebeing sent for by Philip II. to Brus- sides what are contained in them on sels, &c. &c.

the latter subject, there are a number ELIZABETH's Reign.

of regular genealogies, separately deAmong the Theological and Eccle. scribed. siastical papers, there are some by the The head of Foreign Affairs exhibits Jesuits Arrowsmith and Parsons ; negociations, intelligence from spies many relative to the Puritans, Recu- and open residents at foreign courts; sants, Revenues of the Church, the what respects the various intentions question of the right of the Prince to against England, or what refers to seize Church Property, &c. &c. The passing domestic events. historical portion contains memoranda Under the last head of this reign, in Lord Burleigh's hand, some of Miscellanies, are many original works which are published in Murdin ; the and papers. Among these we find Norfolk Book of Entries, or copies of a Booke of the auncient orders of the Duke's Letters on the subject of the Knights of the Garter,” &c. Mary Queen of Scots' examination ; The Peregrination of one Anthony opinions of Ministers on the proposed Jenkinson in the landes of Per. marriage of Elizabeth with the Duke sia,” &c. dedicated to the Queen ; of Alençon (Anjou); a copious official “ Sir John Stanley's Travels in Spain account of the Earl of Northumber- and Portugal, 1592;" Particulars of land's conspiracies, the proceedings the Presents sent by the Turkey Comagainst him, his suicide in the Tower ; pany to the Grand Seigneur in 1594 numerous examinations of indivi- and 98, amounting to 11,0141. 188. duals respecting their knowledge of 4d.; "The unexpected accidentes of suspected persons, designs of foreign my casuall destinye discovered," by powers, &c. &c.; accounts and exami- John Daniel ; this gives the author's nations touching the various conspira- account of his affair touching the Escies against the Queen, including Es- sex Papers, for which he was at this sex's ; border matters; drafts of acts time suffering imprisonment; various of Parliament, treaties, &c.; many cu- unpublished poems of Ægidius Fletchrious papers relative to the internal er's ; addresses of the Westminster government of Ireland, proceedings and Eton scholars to her Majesty, in against rebels, their submissions, &c. Greek and Latin, beautifully written Of Scottish affairs, there are many and subscribed by their various au

1831.]
MSS. at Hatfield House.

5 thors; a few papers relative to her ter of the Proclamations, printed in Majesty's stud, whilst the Earl of 1608, &c. &c. Essex was Master of the Horse, &c. Of CHARLES I.'s time, and later

periods, there are also a number of James's Reign.

historical and other papers, &c. The Catholics and Puritans again The Volume containing the Letters occupy their share of the ecclesiastical is by far the most interesting portion, papers of this reign. The rentals of both as respects the number and conthe Bishopric of St. Andrew's, the tents of these communications. Abbey of Kelso, and the Bishopric of The first head, or Royal Letters, inGlasgow, as resigned in 1605 by the cludes specimens of most of the reignDuke of Lennox, on having the Cob- ing Princes of that period, and a ham and other lands in England given quantity of James's letters to Elizato him, may be cited for their cu- beth, and to the Earl of Salisbury after riosity.

his accession. The second contains a The Historical portion opens with number of letters from Queen Elizathe actual draft of the proclamation beth to the Duke of Anjou. The third declaring James King of England, in contains the Secret Correspondence of the hand of Sir R. Cecil, and bearing James with Sir R. Cecil during Eliza. numerous marks of his careful com- beth's life. This commences with position ; there is also a warrant ad. James's communication opening the dressed to the Lieutenant of the Tower, correspondence, which appears to have signed by the principal nobility, as been brought about by Mar and Kinwell as the council, that his Ma- loss, James's ambassadors to Elizajesty may be proclaimed by him within beth on Essex's death. By it, it also aphis precincts; this, it may be here pears that Essex had represented Cecil stated, is signed by both Lord Cobham to James as favourable to the Spanish and Lord Grey, who are represented interest, and opposed to his. This by Hume to have been tardy in their Cecil disproves, but reserves himself recognition of the title of the new entirely to the will of his present Sovereign. The various transactions sovereign. Cecil's first letter is an of the early part of this reign, includ. open and honourable statement of the ing Raleigh's and the Powder Plot, terms of this his countenance to James. are here more or less illustrated. There are also copies of letters sent to There are also copies of papers sent to James by the Earl of Northumberland the second Earl of Salisbury, touching and forwarded by him to Cecil. The the proposed marriage of the Prince whole is perfectly unconnected with (Charles I.) with the Infanta of Spain, the volume published by Lord Hailes differing in some cases with the re- under this title, which, on examinaceived history of that matter.

tion, will be found to consist of Lord The Military and Naval matters in Henry Howard's ingratiating epistles this reign of less interest, afford some to Mar and Kinloss; and certainly its papers; but the branch of the Revenue contents warrant the conclusions of hisand Expenditure, as may be expected, torians hitherto, had they only distinctly is more voluminous. The local and distinguished him to whom the honour individual history contains also many of the production was due. The fourth papers of interest and value.

contains the correspondence of AraThe head of Foreign Affairs exhibits, bella Stuart, on her attempting to as in the last reign, negotiations, ad- marry Mr. W. Seymour in 1602, of vertisements, or the intelligence com. those connected with her, and those municated of the state of foreign appointed by Elizabeth privately to courts, by spies, residents, &c. examine into the matter, nothing of

Among the Miscellaneous may be which is so early noticed by historians. mentioned a paper, attributed to Lord The fifth contains a number of letters, Chancellor Ellesmere, on the King's partly in cypher, addressed to the prerogative; the Privileges of the Ba- Earl of Essex by the Duc de Bouillon, ronage of England,“ wrote, as is sup- father of the famous Marshal Turenne posed, by John Selden;" the original from 1589 to 1599. of the Compendium of the Records, The sixth, or general division, exby Arthur Agarde, as prepared by the tends from 1540 downwards, in one author, and presented and dedicated chronological series, and to the end of to the first Earl of Salisbury ; a regis. Elizabeth's reign ; an abstract of each

that purpose.

6

Original Account of the Fire of London. [July, letter is given, or, if printed, where it Bridewell Dock, so to make a broad appears. To those of James's is lane up from the river to Holbourn omitted this useful abridgment, which bridge. The Duke's was from Fleetwe regret, as none of them are pub- bridge to the river ; Lord Craven, next lished, or have ever been examined for to the Duke the most active in the

business, was to come from Holbourn (To be resumed.)

bridge to Fleet bridge: the Privy

Council to assist him with power,
Lea-Hall, Yardley, near
,

there being a law amongst the citi.

zens that whoever pulleth down a
AS your Magazine has lately been house shall build it up again, so what
the medium of much information re- was done was by order of the King
specting the origin and obliteration of and Council.
the inscriptions on the Monument; it All orders signified nothing; had
may probably suit you to insert at not the Duke been present, and forced
your own convenience the inclosed all people to submit to his orders, by
original letter of an eye-witness to the this time I am confident there had not
dreadful calamity which that noble been a house standing near Whitehall.
column commemorates.

The city, for the first rank, they minded
Yours, &c. JOHN BLOUNT. only their own preservation; the mid-

dle sort so distracted and amazed that My Lord,

Sept. 6, 1666. they knew not what they did ; the I suppose your Lordship may have poorer, they minded nothing but pil. heard of this sad judgment that has fering; so the city abandoned to the been upon us, by some flying report, fire, and thousands believing in Mo. though not the particulars, and this ther Shipton's prophecy, “ That Longoes by the first post. Being constant don in sixty-six should be in ashes.' with the Duke,• 1 presume to believe Sir Kenelm Digby's son,d who prenone has seen more of it then I have, tends to prophecy, has said the same he being so active and stirring in this thing, and others—a judgment upon business, he being all the day long, the city for their former sins. from 5 in the morning till 11 or 12 The Duke, on Tuesday about 12 at night, using all means possible to o'clock, was environed with fire ; the save the rest of the city and suburbs. wind high, blowed such great flakes, and On Tuesday our only hope was to so far, that they fired Salisbury Court, save Fleet-street, and so to Whitehall, and several of the houses between that by pulling down houses both sides and Bridewell Dock, so the Duke was

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• The Duke of York. Evelyn gives his uoprejudiced testimony to his Royal Highness's great exertions : “ It is not indeed imaginable how extraordinary the vigilance and activity of the King and the Duke was, even labouring in person, and being present to command, order, reward, or encourage workmen, by which he showed his affection to his people, and gained theirs." Diary, Sept. 6.-—"The King and the Duke, who rode from one place to another, and put themselves into great dangers amongst the burning and falling houses, to give advice and direction what was to be done, underwent as much fatigue as the meanest, and had as little sleep or rest." Lord Clarendon.

bCommonly called Fleet-ditch, now covered by Farringdon-street and Bridge-street, Blackfriars.

c“We have now (as it is usual in all extraordinary accidents), several prophecies started up: none more remarkable than that of Nostredame, a Frenchman who wrote a book of prophecies above a huodred years since, and therein (cent. ix. stanza 49) exactly predicted ihe Parliament's putting our King to death, and in bis book (cent. ii. stanza 51) hath this :

Le sang du just a Londres sera faute

Bruslé par foudres de vingt trois les six.
La Dame Antique cherra de place haute ;

De mesme sect pleusieurs serront occis:
[lt will be noticed here that Nostradamus had merely religious persecution in his mind.]
Most of our last year's Almanacks talked of fire in London, and one named the month, but
it was expunged by l'Estrange (who licensed them) for fear of the consequence."— Letter
written in 1666, printed in Malcolm's Londinium, vol. iv. p. 80.

• Many strange things are recorded of the Digbys; but the gift of prophecy in a son of Sir Kenelm is a new feature in this history,

1831.) Original Account of the Fire of London.

7 forced to fly for it, and had almost the side of the Temple Church; by been stifled with the heat. The next that means had took off the great rage hopes there was, to stop it at Somer- of the fire on that side, and on the set house, it raged so extreme in Fleet side of the street St. Dunstan's Church street on both sides, and got between gave a check to it. We had not this us, and at six of the clock to the mercy shewed to us alone, but likeKing's Bench office at the Temple. wise hearts and hands from the peoNight coming on, the flames encreased ple; the soldiers being almost all tired by the wind rising, which appeared to out with continual labour. By six of us so terrible to see, from the very the clock on Wednesday the Duke was ditch [Fleet-ditch] the shore quite up there again, and found the fire almost to the Temple all in flame, and a very quenched on both sides the street; great breadth. At ten of the clock at from thence he went to the Rolles, put night we left Somerset House, where the people to work there to preserve they began to pull down some in hopes the rolls, caused all people, men, woto save, but did despair, and fled to men, and children that were able to our last hopes to save Whitehall, by work, to come, and those that refused pulling down Sir John Denham's to beat them to it; by this means he buildings, and so up to Charing-Cross. got people to other places, as Fetter The Queen and Duchess resolved to Lane, which he preserved by the asbe gone by six o'clock on Wednesday sistance of some brick houses and garmorning for Hampton Court. Nothing den walls ; likewise Shoe Lane was can be like unto the distraction we preserved by the same way. At Holwere in, but the Day of Judgment. bourn bridge there was my Lord Cra

About 11 of the clock on Tuesday ven, who gave a check to the fire there, night came several messengers to the and by noon quenched it. It then Duke for help, and for the engines, broke out again at Cow Lane in Smithand said that there was some hopes of field ; so Lord Craven went to assist stopping it; that the wind was got to Sir Richard Brown, who is but a the south, and had blown the fire upon weak man in this business. The Lord those houses from the street between Mayors went to Cripplegate, pulled

“Sept. 5. It pleased his Majesty to command me," says Evelyn, "among the rest, to look after the quenching of Fetter Lane, and to preserve, if possible, that part of Holborn, whilst the rest of the gentlemen took their several posts, some at one part, some at another (for now they began to bestir themselves, and not till now, who hitherto had stood as men incoxicated, with their hands acrosse), and begav to consider that nothing was likely to put a stop but the blowing up of so many houses as might make a wider gap than any had yet been made by the ordinary method of pulling them down with engines. This some stout seamen proposed early enough to have saved near the whole city, but this sone tenacious and avaritious men, aldermen, &c. would not permit, because their houses must have been of the first."- Pepys mentions some instances of this parsimony, particularly of one Alderman Starling, whose house had been saved by “our men," the very same seamen of whom Evelyn speaks.

The Clerk of the Privy Council; and father-in-law of Mr. Evelyu. • Sir Thomas Bludworth. It may be conjectured that the censure of being a weak man" belongs rather to this functionary, than Sir Richard Browne ; since several of the accounts notice his inefficiency. Mr. Pepys was sent to him on the first day (Sunday Sept. 2), with the King's command" to spare no houses, but to pull down before the fire every way." He found him in Cannon-street,“ like a man spent, with a handkercher about his neck. To the King's message he cried, like a fainting woman, Lord, what can I do? I am spent ; people will pot obey me. I have been pulling down houses, but the fire overtakes us faster than we can do it.' That he needed do more soldiers; and that, for himself, he must go and refresh himself, having been up all night. So he left me, and I him, and walked home, seeing people all almost distracted, and no manner of means used to queach the fire.”—“The Lord Mayor,” says Lord Clarendon, “ though a very honest ran, was much blamed for want of sagacity on the first night of the fire, before the wind gave it much advancement, for though he came with great diligence as soon as he had notice of it, and was present with the first, yet having never been used to such spectacles, his consternation was equal to that of other men, nor did he know how to apply bis authority to the remedying the present distress ; and when men who were less terrified with the object pressed him very earnestly that he would give order for the present pulling down those

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